Study sets matching "earth science"

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Study sets matching "earth science"

36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science: Earth History
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Pangea
Convection Current
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
super continent consisting of all known continents fitting to…
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Seafloor Spreading
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
32 terms
Earth Science
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
inexhaustible resources
natural resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
resources that will never run out such as the Sun, wind, and…
any of the useful minerals and other materials that people ta…
nonrenewable resources
resources that nature cannot replace in our lifetime (example…
renewable resources
natural resources that can be renewed or replaced by nature,…
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
36 terms
Earth Science
soil
humus
horizon
soil profile
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
each different layer of soil
all the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
Earth Science
1. The same objects have the
2. The closer isolines are...
3. The altitude of Polaris equals...
4. The Earth rotates
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 6…
West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day
1. The same objects have the
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
2. The closer isolines are...
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
18 terms
Earth science
mineral
Element
Atom
Compound
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
All substances are made of atoms. Considered the building blo…
Substance made up of molecules of two or more elements.
mineral
A naturally occurring, usually inorganic solid that has a def…
Element
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
16 terms
Earth Science
pollution
global warming
hydropower
conserve
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
a renewable power that uses the force of moving water to make…
to save or protect
pollution
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
global warming
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
19 terms
Earth Science
LandForms
Core
Mantle
Crust
Physical Features on Earth's surface
The hot and dense center of the Earth
The large middle layer of the Earth made of molten rock
The thin outer layer of the Earth made of solid rock
LandForms
Physical Features on Earth's surface
Core
The hot and dense center of the Earth
11 terms
Earth Science
volcano
magma
lava
tectonic plate
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
Molten rock under the earth's surface
When magma reaches the surface
Large movable plates under the Earth's surface.
volcano
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
magma
Molten rock under the earth's surface
11 terms
Earth Science
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Deltas
the breaking down of large rocks into smaller rocks(sediment)
the movement of small rocks and sediment
the depositing of small rocks and sediments.
Landforms created at the mouth of river where it meets anothe…
Weathering
the breaking down of large rocks into smaller rocks(sediment)
Erosion
the movement of small rocks and sediment
Earth Science
Rotate
Revolve
Axis
Orbit
To spin around an axis: Earth rotates once on its axis every…
To travel in a closed path: It takes 365 1/4 days for Earth t…
The imaginary line that the Earth spins around as it rotates.
The path of an object revolving around another object. Ex: Ea…
Rotate
To spin around an axis: Earth rotates once on its axis every…
Revolve
To travel in a closed path: It takes 365 1/4 days for Earth t…
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Earth's Main Source of Energy
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
33 terms
Earth Science- Earth Dimensions
Earth's shape
Lithosphere
Hydosphere
Atmosphere
oblate spheroid
solid part of Earth
water on Earth
shell of gases that surrounds Earth
Earth's shape
oblate spheroid
Lithosphere
solid part of Earth
Earth Science: Earth Layers & Waves
Seismic Wave
Reflection
Seismograph
Mantle
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
The bouncing back of a wave when it hits a surface through wh…
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
the layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
Seismic Wave
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
Reflection
The bouncing back of a wave when it hits a surface through wh…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1
Hypothesis
Scientific Methods
Science
Earth Science
...
...
...
Hypothesis
Scientific Methods
...
Earth Science:The Earth System
System
Energy
Atmosphere
Geosphere
A group of parts that works together.
Ability to do work
Earth's outermost layer is a mixture of gases... N and O
Earth's mass is found...3 main parts!
System
A group of parts that works together.
Energy
Ability to do work
17 terms
Planet Earth EARTH SCIENCE
Altitude
atmosphere
contour interval
contour line
Elevation or height above sea level
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
the difference in elevation from one contour line to the next
a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height
Altitude
Elevation or height above sea level
atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
36 terms
Science MSA - Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
13 terms
Earth Science
rotation
revolution
phase
solar system
the complete spin of an object around its axis
one complete trip around another object
a change in appearance of he moon
the Sun and all the objects that travel around it.
rotation
the complete spin of an object around its axis
revolution
one complete trip around another object
Earth Science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
The lithosphere is a term used to refer to the crust and the…
The atmosphere is a term used to refer to the gases that surr…
Hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
Biosphere
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
19 terms
Earth Science Introduction to Earth Science
Energy
The Earth System
Sun
Atmosphere
The ability to do work or cause change.
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
Main source of earth's energy
The gases that surround the planet.
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
The Earth System
Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere and the Sun.
9 terms
Earth Science
Mineral
Mineralogy
Ring of Fire
Rock cycle
refers to naturally occurring inorganic solids that possess a…
the study of minerals
The zone of active volcanoes surrounding the Pacific Ocean
A model that illustrates the origin of the three basic rock t…
Mineral
refers to naturally occurring inorganic solids that possess a…
Mineralogy
the study of minerals
46 terms
Earth Science Unit 1
Terrestrial Observation
Earth's Spheres
Interface
Atmosphere
after the sun has set you can see the sunlight linger. The hi…
earth is made up of spheres arranged from lowest density (abo…
boundary between different layers
layer of gasses above Earth's surface ... farthest from the cen…
Terrestrial Observation
after the sun has set you can see the sunlight linger. The hi…
Earth's Spheres
earth is made up of spheres arranged from lowest density (abo…
Earth Science
Astronomy
Big Bang Theory
Core
Crust
The study of space and the universe
The idea that the universe began with a gigantic explosion
The center of the Earth
The outer most layer of the Earth
Astronomy
The study of space and the universe
Big Bang Theory
The idea that the universe began with a gigantic explosion
Earth Science Chapter 2
matter
operational definition
pure substances
mixtures
Anything that has mass and takes up space
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Elements and Compounds
a physical combination of substances that can still be sepera…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
operational definition
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
391 terms
EARTH SCIENCE
ABRASION
ABSOLUTE AGE
ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY
ABYSSAL PLAIN
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
the mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
a large, flat, almost level area of the deep-ocean basin
ABRASION
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
ABSOLUTE AGE
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
Earth Science
The Law of Superposition
Original horizontality
Relative Age
Absolute Age
Older rock is always lower than young rock
Rock or Sediment layers always form horizontally
Rocks further down are Older than rocks Closer to the top
The age of a rock in years
The Law of Superposition
Older rock is always lower than young rock
Original horizontality
Rock or Sediment layers always form horizontally
85 terms
Earth Science FINAL Review
lunar eclipse
solar eclipse
comets
What causes orbit of planets around Sun
full moon passes into Earth's umbra
moon between Earth and Sun; umbra of moon creates total eclip…
ball of ice and dust, very elliptical orbit, speeds up as app…
Sun's gravitational force and inertia of planets
lunar eclipse
full moon passes into Earth's umbra
solar eclipse
moon between Earth and Sun; umbra of moon creates total eclip…
12 terms
Earth Science Docker
Atmosphere
The Sun
Corona
Chromosphere
is the corona, chromosphere, photosphere
is our star- all of the planets in our solar system orbit aro…
outermost layer, only visible during solar eclipse, 3 million…
is a reddish color, not visible to the eye, heated by convect…
Atmosphere
is the corona, chromosphere, photosphere
The Sun
is our star- all of the planets in our solar system orbit aro…
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Minerals
Mineralogy
native elements
halides
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
substances that exist naturally in the earth's crust as singl…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
Minerals
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
Mineralogy
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
32 terms
Earth Science
crust
mantle
core
lithospere
outer most layer of the earth.
the middle layer of the earth.
inner layer of the earth.
made up of the crust and upper part of the mantle.
crust
outer most layer of the earth.
mantle
the middle layer of the earth.
Intro to Earth Science
Astronomy
Control variable
Constant graph
Cyclic Graph
The study of space
a variable that is used to prove an experiment
A graph that indicates that the dependent variable was not ch…
A graph that shows a repeated pattern
Astronomy
The study of space
Control variable
a variable that is used to prove an experiment
20 terms
Earth Science Volcano Quiz
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten, material, or magma, co…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
When magma reaches the surface
A major volcanic belt that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten, material, or magma, co…
magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Earth Science Chapter 11
elastic limit
earthquake
three types of faults
three types of forces on rocks
how far an object can bend without breaking
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
normal faluts, reverse faults, strike-slip faults
tension, compression, shear... Compression is the force that squ…
elastic limit
how far an object can bend without breaking
earthquake
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
9 terms
Earth Science-Earth Changes
continental drift
earthquake
fault
lava
a slow movement of the continents on a deep-seated viscous zo…
a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tecto…
a fracture in the crust of a planet or moon accompanied by a…
molten rock that issues from a volcano or from a fissure in t…
continental drift
a slow movement of the continents on a deep-seated viscous zo…
earthquake
a shaking or trembling of the earth that is volcanic or tecto…
602 terms
Earth Science
Air Masses
Front
Subtropical Jet
Polar Jet
...
...
located at 20-30 degrees; at 8.8 miles high, can flow 200-300…
flows west to east; is located at 60 degrees and is 6.2 miles…
Air Masses
...
Front
...
Earth Science Origin of Earth
Earliest record of humans on Earth
Secular geologists believed what forme…
how moon formed
stratum
5,000 years ago
moon
a collison
layer of rock
Earliest record of humans on Earth
5,000 years ago
Secular geologists believed what forme…
moon
18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks; forms mou…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
tension
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
the scientific study of the sea
the scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, especially in…
the study of the universe
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
oceanography
the scientific study of the sea
43 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Gyre
Up-welling
Down-welling
Thermohaline circulation
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
...
Movements of ocean water caused by density differences brough…
Gyre
The large, circular surface-current pattern found in each oce…
Up-welling
The rising of cold water from deeper layers to replace warmer…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
53 terms
Earth Science
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Lithosphere
All of the water on earth.
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
the part of the earth consisting of the core, the mantle and…
The upper mantle and the crust
Hydrosphere
All of the water on earth.
Atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth.
Science MSA - Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
24 terms
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15
atmosphere
nitrogen gas
water vapor
air pressure
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
water in the form of an invisible gas
measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface
atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
nitrogen gas
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
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