Study sets matching "earth science"

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Study sets matching "earth science"

Earth Science Regents Review
Density remains the same regardless of…
Density (increases or decreases) when…
As temperature increases, density (inc…
Water (contracts or expands) when it f…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Increases
Decreases
Expands
Density remains the same regardless of…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Density (increases or decreases) when…
Increases
Science MSA - Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
delta
the breaking down of rock into sediment
the movement of sediment from one place to another
the laying down of sediment
a fan shaped deposit of sediment at the mouth of a river
weathering
the breaking down of rock into sediment
erosion
the movement of sediment from one place to another
30 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15
atmosphere
nitrogen gas
water vapor
air pressure
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
water in the form of an invisible gas
measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface
atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
nitrogen gas
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
133 terms
Earth Science Regents
1. Density is
2. **As temperature increases
3. **As pressure increases
4. The same objects have the
how close or compact the molecules are
molecules spread out (volume increases) and density decreases…
molecules move closer together and density increases (direct)
same density NO MATTER WHAT SIZE
1. Density is
how close or compact the molecules are
2. **As temperature increases
molecules spread out (volume increases) and density decreases…
Earth Science
geology
destructive forces
constructive forces
lithosphere
the study of Earth's structure
the process by which rock is broken down, such as erosion and…
the process by which rock is broken down, such as erosion and…
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
geology
the study of Earth's structure
destructive forces
the process by which rock is broken down, such as erosion and…
5 terms
Science: Earth
Core
Crust
Rock layers
Recycle
first layer of the Earth
layer of Earth we live one
tell us about animals that lived long ago
to use again
Core
first layer of the Earth
Crust
layer of Earth we live one
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 24
constellation
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
Cepheid variables
a distinct combination of stars
a stars brightest compared to other stars as seen from earth
the actual brightness of a star
stars that regularly expand and contract thus changing their…
constellation
a distinct combination of stars
apparent magnitude
a stars brightest compared to other stars as seen from earth
64 terms
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
Earth Science
landform
topography
sand dune
weathering
a natural land shape or feature
surface landforms of an area
a hill of sand, made and shaped by wind
the process of wearing away rocks by natural means; breaking…
landform
a natural land shape or feature
topography
surface landforms of an area
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
the study of the sea
the study of the earth's atmosphere, especially in relation t…
the study of the universe and the objects in it
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
oceanography
the study of the sea
105 terms
Earth Science SOL Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
6 terms
Earth science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Water on earth
Life
Holds oxygen in earth
Rock
Hydrosphere
Water on earth
Biosphere
Life
Earth Science
Theory
Fission
Anthophyta
Stomata
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
Division of plants that produces seeds as part of reproductio…
Part of the plant system that responds to stimuli by releasin…
Theory
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Fission
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
Earth Science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
The lithosphere is a term used to refer to the crust and the…
The atmosphere is a term used to refer to the gases that surr…
Hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
Biosphere
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 22
astronomical unit
core
parts of the sun
parts of the sun's atmosphere
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
core, radiative zone, convective zone
chromosphere, prominence, corona, spicules
astronomical unit
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
core
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
12 terms
Earth Science (decay)
Radiocarbon Dating
Decay
Half-Life
Oldest
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Break down of organic material
Time it takes for 1/2 material to decay
Rock at the bottom... (A)
Radiocarbon Dating
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Decay
Break down of organic material
Intro to Earth Science
Science
Observing
Predicting
Scientific Inquiry
A way of learning about the natural world. Science also inclu…
Using one or more of your senses to gather... information.
Making a forecast of what will happen in the future based on…
Refers to the many ways in which scientists study the natural…
Science
A way of learning about the natural world. Science also inclu…
Observing
Using one or more of your senses to gather... information.
21 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
hydrosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The water part of the earth
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
hydrosphere
The water part of the earth
Earthquakes Holt,Earth, and Science
Focus
Elastic Rebound
Earthquake
Intensity
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
A movement of treamblig of the ground that is caused by a sud…
In Earth science, the amount of damage caused by an eartquake.
Focus
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
14 terms
Earth Science Fronts
warm front
low pressure
High Pressure
cold front
a mass of warm air overtakes a cold air mass and moves over i…
stormy weather... Warm Moist Air rises and makes clouds
Cool Dry Air... Fair/Sunny Weather
The boundary of an advancing mass of cold air, in particular…
warm front
a mass of warm air overtakes a cold air mass and moves over i…
low pressure
stormy weather... Warm Moist Air rises and makes clouds
29 terms
Moon Phases Earth Science
New Moon
Waxing Crescent
First Quarter
Waxing Gibbous
When we cannot see any part of the illuminated moon on Earth.
The first visible phase after a new moon.
The moon phase between waxing crescent and waxing gibbous.
The phase after first quarter before the full moon.
New Moon
When we cannot see any part of the illuminated moon on Earth.
Waxing Crescent
The first visible phase after a new moon.
14 terms
Earth Science Weather & Tools
Barometer
Thermometer
Anemometer
Wind Vane
measures air pressure
measure air temperature
measures speed of the wind
tells which direction the wind is coming from
Barometer
measures air pressure
Thermometer
measure air temperature
Earth Science Review
Law of Superposition
relative age dating
index fossil
Man Made
States that older rock is found on the bottom and younger roc…
Determining an estimated age of a fossil or rock layer.
Unique, widespread, abundant, and short lived organism can be…
When extinction is caused by effects humans had on the planet.
Law of Superposition
States that older rock is found on the bottom and younger roc…
relative age dating
Determining an estimated age of a fossil or rock layer.
391 terms
EARTH SCIENCE
ABRASION
ABSOLUTE AGE
ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY
ABYSSAL PLAIN
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
the mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
a large, flat, almost level area of the deep-ocean basin
ABRASION
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
ABSOLUTE AGE
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary
biosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth; 78% nitrogen, 21% ox…
the surface of waters of Earth and the water vapor in the atm…
biosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
lithosphere
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
40 terms
Earth Science- Measuring Earth
Smaller copies or representations of t…
The study of the gases that surround t…
The inner planets are called the
Who calculated the circumference of th…
Models
meteorology
Terrestrial
Eratosthenes
Smaller copies or representations of t…
Models
The study of the gases that surround t…
meteorology
33 terms
Earth Science-Weather/Clouds
Evaporation
saturated
humidity
condensation
cannot hold any more water
water vapor in the atmosphere
Evaporation
saturated
cannot hold any more water
29 terms
Astronomy: Earth Science - WFHS
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
5 terms
Earth Science
Why does the Earth look blue from space?
Landforms are
Plateaus are higher or lower than plai…
Plates
Because it is covered by water.
the different shapes on the earth's surface.
Higher
Sections of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
Why does the Earth look blue from space?
Because it is covered by water.
Landforms are
the different shapes on the earth's surface.
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
10 terms
What is Earth Science?
observation
inference
astronomy
geology
Information obtained through the senses.
A conclusion based on observations
Study of the Earth, Earth's neighbors in space, and the unive…
science dealing with the Earth's crust and Earth's history as…
observation
Information obtained through the senses.
inference
A conclusion based on observations
12 terms
Earth Science
3 types of rocks
how do you identify a mineral?
how does metamorphic rock form?
rocks with many layers
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
heat and pressure
sedimentary
3 types of rocks
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
how do you identify a mineral?
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
21 terms
6-Earth Science-Views Of Earth
Plains
Coastal Plains
Interior Plains
Plateaus
large flat areas of land
sometimes called "Lowland" because they are so close to sea l…
referred to as "The Great Plains" located between the Appalac…
Flat, raised areas of land made up of nearly horizontal rocks…
Plains
large flat areas of land
Coastal Plains
sometimes called "Lowland" because they are so close to sea l…
Earth Science Vocab
lithosphere
when i tell you to
barometer
hydrosphere
Earth's crust and solid upper mantle, broken into tectonic pl…
when may we use phones in class
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas…
lithosphere
Earth's crust and solid upper mantle, broken into tectonic pl…
when i tell you to
when may we use phones in class
Rock Unit_ Earth Science
Natural resource
Texture
Igneous
Intrusive
something that occurs naturally that we use
arrangement of mineral grains
a rock that forms from magma or lava
an igneous rock that forms from magma
Natural resource
something that occurs naturally that we use
Texture
arrangement of mineral grains
32 terms
Earth Science
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
602 terms
Earth Science
Air Masses
Front
Subtropical Jet
Polar Jet
...
...
located at 20-30 degrees; at 8.8 miles high, can flow 200-300…
flows west to east; is located at 60 degrees and is 6.2 miles…
Air Masses
...
Front
...
155 terms
Earth Science SOL Review
Density
Water Displacement
Warm
Cold
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
This type of air/water/magma rises because it's less dense
This type of air/water/magma sinks because it's more dense
Density
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
Water Displacement
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
Earth Science
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
liquid layer of the Earth's core; is beneath the mantle and s…
The layer of hot material between Earth's crust and core.
The soft layer of the mantle on which the tectonic plates move
Inner Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
Outer Core
liquid layer of the Earth's core; is beneath the mantle and s…
12 terms
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
minerals
breaking down of substances such as rocks or minerals by phys…
the movement of sediments or even soil or sand from one locat…
when particles carried by wind, water, or ice are deposited o…
a natural occurring element that is not a plant or animal
weathering
breaking down of substances such as rocks or minerals by phys…
erosion
the movement of sediments or even soil or sand from one locat…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1: Introduction to Earth Science Vocabulary
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
the science that examines Earth, its forms and composition, a…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomenon
the scientific study of the atmosphere and the atmospheric ph…
Earth Science
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
Geology
the science that examines Earth, its forms and composition, a…
145 terms
Earth Science Regents Review
1. The same objects have the
2. The closer isolines are...
3. The altitude of Polaris equals...
4. The Earth rotates
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
the latitude of the observer... Diagram: Observer's altitude = 6…
West to east... 15 degrees per hour... in 24 hours or one day
1. The same objects have the
same density (NO MATTER WHAT SIZE)
2. The closer isolines are...
the steeper the gradient... (diagram: North side is steepest)
88 terms
Earth Science Mid-Term Review
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Mantle
Solid part of earth's atmosphere
The gases that surround our planet
The part of the earth that is water
Layer of earth below the crust
Lithosphere
Solid part of earth's atmosphere
Atmosphere
The gases that surround our planet
20 terms
Earth Science
fuels
earth materials
earthquake
erosion
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
solid natural materials that come from the earth
a violent shaking or vibration of the ground due to movement…
when wind or water carries weathered particles from one place…
fuels
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
earth materials
solid natural materials that come from the earth
33 terms
Earth Science - Chp. 2
Matter
Pure substance
Mixture
State of matter
That which occupies space and has mass
Materials made of just one kind of particle. Examples are gol…
Combinations of two or more pure substances or other mixtures
Example: water can be ice, liquid water or steam
Matter
That which occupies space and has mass
Pure substance
Materials made of just one kind of particle. Examples are gol…
125 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
155 terms
Earth Science SOL Review
Density
Water Displacement
Warm
Cold
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
This type of air/water/magma rises because it's less dense
This type of air/water/magma sinks because it's more dense
Density
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
Water Displacement
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
37 terms
Earth Science - Energy Resources
nonrenewable energy
renewable energy
off-shore drilling
natural gas
energy resources that can not be replaced at a rate equal to,…
Any source of energy that can be continually produced... Example…
Searching for oil or gas in an ocean
A nonrenewable resource that is used in heating systems, in s…
nonrenewable energy
energy resources that can not be replaced at a rate equal to,…
renewable energy
Any source of energy that can be continually produced... Example…
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