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Study sets matching "earth science"

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Study sets matching "earth science"

55 terms
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
delta
the breaking down of rock into sediment
the movement of sediment from one place to another
the laying down of sediment
a fan shaped deposit of sediment at the mouth of a river
weathering
the breaking down of rock into sediment
erosion
the movement of sediment from one place to another
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15
atmosphere
nitrogen gas
water vapor
air pressure
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
water in the form of an invisible gas
measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface
atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth
nitrogen gas
makes up 78% of the atmosphere
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 22
astronomical unit
core
parts of the sun
parts of the sun's atmosphere
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
core, radiative zone, convective zone
chromosphere, prominence, corona, spicules
astronomical unit
The average distance between Earth and the sun, about 150 mil…
core
the part of the sun where thermonuclear reactions occur
Earth Science Regents Review
Density remains the same regardless of…
Density (increases or decreases) when…
As temperature increases, density (inc…
Water (contracts or expands) when it f…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Increases
Decreases
Expands
Density remains the same regardless of…
Pressure and temperature are constant
Density (increases or decreases) when…
Increases
15 terms
Earth Science
landform
topography
sand dune
weathering
a natural land shape or feature
surface landforms of an area
a hill of sand, made and shaped by wind
the process of wearing away rocks by natural means; breaking…
landform
a natural land shape or feature
topography
surface landforms of an area
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
the study of the sea
the study of the earth's atmosphere, especially in relation t…
the study of the universe and the objects in it
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
oceanography
the study of the sea
12 terms
Earth Science (decay)
Radiocarbon Dating
Decay
Half-Life
Oldest
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Break down of organic material
Time it takes for 1/2 material to decay
Rock at the bottom... (A)
Radiocarbon Dating
Process used to determine the age of fossils by measuring car…
Decay
Break down of organic material
5 terms
Earth Science
Theory
Fission
Anthophyta
Stomata
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
Division of plants that produces seeds as part of reproductio…
Part of the plant system that responds to stimuli by releasin…
Theory
Once a hypothesis has been verified and accepted it becomes a…
Fission
Nuclear process where atomic nuclei split a part to form smal…
14 terms
Earth Science Weather & Tools
Barometer
Thermometer
Anemometer
Wind Vane
measures air pressure
measure air temperature
measures speed of the wind
tells which direction the wind is coming from
Barometer
measures air pressure
Thermometer
measure air temperature
33 terms
Earth Science - Chp. 2
Matter
Pure substance
Mixture
State of matter
That which occupies space and has mass
Materials made of just one kind of particle. Examples are gol…
Combinations of two or more pure substances or other mixtures
Example: water can be ice, liquid water or steam
Matter
That which occupies space and has mass
Pure substance
Materials made of just one kind of particle. Examples are gol…
29 terms
Earth Science
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Atmosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
The lithosphere is a term used to refer to the crust and the…
The atmosphere is a term used to refer to the gases that surr…
Hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is a term used to refer to all liquid water o…
Biosphere
The biosphere is a term used to refer to all living things on…
45 terms
Astronomy Earth Science
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
What causes Earth to have seasons?
When the Moon moves directly between Earth and the Sun, shado…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
What causes Earth to have seasons?
Earth's tilt and rotation
316 terms
Earth Science Review
Law of Superposition
relative age dating
index fossil
Man Made
States that older rock is found on the bottom and younger roc…
Determining an estimated age of a fossil or rock layer.
Unique, widespread, abundant, and short lived organism can be…
When extinction is caused by effects humans had on the planet.
Law of Superposition
States that older rock is found on the bottom and younger roc…
relative age dating
Determining an estimated age of a fossil or rock layer.
21 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
hydrosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The water part of the earth
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
hydrosphere
The water part of the earth
29 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 24
constellation
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
Cepheid variables
a distinct combination of stars
a stars brightest compared to other stars as seen from earth
the actual brightness of a star
stars that regularly expand and contract thus changing their…
constellation
a distinct combination of stars
apparent magnitude
a stars brightest compared to other stars as seen from earth
53 terms
Earth Science Review 2
Nutation
365.25 days
Summer
Winter
The wobble in a planet's axis as it revolves
the time it takes for the Earth to make one revolution around…
Season that results from the hemisphere being tilted toward t…
Season that results from the hemisphere being tilted away fro…
Nutation
The wobble in a planet's axis as it revolves
365.25 days
the time it takes for the Earth to make one revolution around…
16 terms
Earth Science
pollution
global warming
hydropower
conserve
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
a renewable power that uses the force of moving water to make…
to save or protect
pollution
the waste that makes land, air and water dirty or unusable
global warming
the warming of the Earth that can cause changes to the Earth
125 terms
Earth Science Regents Vocabulary
Abrasion
Absolute Age
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
Large body of air
Effect of the weight of atmosphere pressing on a given surfac…
Abrasion
Form of physical weathering caused by friction between rock p…
Absolute Age
Age of a rock unit OR A fossil
105 terms
Earth Science SOL Vocabulary
Abyssal Plain
Acid Rain
Anemometer
Asteroid
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Enormous rocks or boulders that revolve around the sun, usual…
Abyssal Plain
Flat areas on the ocean floor formed by the deposition of sed…
Acid Rain
Rain that contains more acid than normal. It has a pH level b…
29 terms
Astronomy: Earth Science - WFHS
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
5 terms
Earth Science
Why does the Earth look blue from space?
Landforms are
Plateaus are higher or lower than plai…
Plates
Because it is covered by water.
the different shapes on the earth's surface.
Higher
Sections of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
Why does the Earth look blue from space?
Because it is covered by water.
Landforms are
the different shapes on the earth's surface.
391 terms
EARTH SCIENCE
ABRASION
ABSOLUTE AGE
ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY
ABYSSAL PLAIN
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
the mass of water vapor per unit volume of air that contains…
a large, flat, almost level area of the deep-ocean basin
ABRASION
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
ABSOLUTE AGE
the numeric age of an object or event, often stated in years…
21 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary
biosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth; 78% nitrogen, 21% ox…
the surface of waters of Earth and the water vapor in the atm…
biosphere
the whole area of Earth where life exists; made up of land (l…
lithosphere
the hard outermost layer of Earth; made up of the crust and t…
22 terms
Rock Unit_ Earth Science
Natural resource
Texture
Igneous
Intrusive
something that occurs naturally that we use
arrangement of mineral grains
a rock that forms from magma or lava
an igneous rock that forms from magma
Natural resource
something that occurs naturally that we use
Texture
arrangement of mineral grains
12 terms
Earth Science
3 types of rocks
how do you identify a mineral?
how does metamorphic rock form?
rocks with many layers
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
heat and pressure
sedimentary
3 types of rocks
metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
how do you identify a mineral?
look at its properties... luster... streak... hardness... cleavage... color
Earth Science Vocab
lithosphere
when i tell you to
barometer
hydrosphere
Earth's crust and solid upper mantle, broken into tectonic pl…
when may we use phones in class
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas…
lithosphere
Earth's crust and solid upper mantle, broken into tectonic pl…
when i tell you to
when may we use phones in class
13 terms
Earthquakes Holt,Earth, and Science
Focus
Elastic Rebound
Earthquake
Intensity
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
A movement of treamblig of the ground that is caused by a sud…
In Earth science, the amount of damage caused by an eartquake.
Focus
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
14 terms
Earth Science Fronts
warm front
low pressure
High Pressure
cold front
a mass of warm air overtakes a cold air mass and moves over i…
stormy weather... Warm Moist Air rises and makes clouds
Cool Dry Air... Fair/Sunny Weather
The boundary of an advancing mass of cold air, in particular…
warm front
a mass of warm air overtakes a cold air mass and moves over i…
low pressure
stormy weather... Warm Moist Air rises and makes clouds
40 terms
Earth Science- Measuring Earth
Smaller copies or representations of t…
The study of the gases that surround t…
The inner planets are called the
Who calculated the circumference of th…
Models
meteorology
Terrestrial
Eratosthenes
Smaller copies or representations of t…
Models
The study of the gases that surround t…
meteorology
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
10 terms
What is Earth Science?
observation
inference
astronomy
geology
Information obtained through the senses.
A conclusion based on observations
Study of the Earth, Earth's neighbors in space, and the unive…
science dealing with the Earth's crust and Earth's history as…
observation
Information obtained through the senses.
inference
A conclusion based on observations
12 terms
Earth Science
weathering
erosion
deposition
minerals
breaking down of substances such as rocks or minerals by phys…
the movement of sediments or even soil or sand from one locat…
when particles carried by wind, water, or ice are deposited o…
a natural occurring element that is not a plant or animal
weathering
breaking down of substances such as rocks or minerals by phys…
erosion
the movement of sediments or even soil or sand from one locat…
32 terms
Earth Science
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
liquid layer of the Earth's core; is beneath the mantle and s…
The layer of hot material between Earth's crust and core.
The soft layer of the mantle on which the tectonic plates move
Inner Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
Outer Core
liquid layer of the Earth's core; is beneath the mantle and s…
32 terms
Earth Science
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1: Introduction to Earth Science Vocabulary
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
the science that examines Earth, its forms and composition, a…
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomenon
the scientific study of the atmosphere and the atmospheric ph…
Earth Science
the name for all the sciences that collectively seek to under…
Geology
the science that examines Earth, its forms and composition, a…
32 terms
Earth science
What is adhesion
What is cohesion
what is polarity
The most freshwater is stored where
Water molecules are attracted to other substances
Water molecules are attracted to other water molecules
uneven distribution of charge between the molecules two ends
Aquifer usually found in glaciers and Ice bellow the ground o…
What is adhesion
Water molecules are attracted to other substances
What is cohesion
Water molecules are attracted to other water molecules
20 terms
Earth Science
fuels
earth materials
earthquake
erosion
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
solid natural materials that come from the earth
a violent shaking or vibration of the ground due to movement…
when wind or water carries weathered particles from one place…
fuels
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
earth materials
solid natural materials that come from the earth
24 terms
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
20 terms
Earth Science
Rotate
Revolve
Axis
Orbit
To spin around an axis: Earth rotates once on its axis every…
To travel in a closed path: It takes 365 1/4 days for Earth t…
The imaginary line that the Earth spins around as it rotates.
The path of an object revolving around another object. Ex: Ea…
Rotate
To spin around an axis: Earth rotates once on its axis every…
Revolve
To travel in a closed path: It takes 365 1/4 days for Earth t…
155 terms
Earth Science SOL Review
Density
Water Displacement
Warm
Cold
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
This type of air/water/magma rises because it's less dense
This type of air/water/magma sinks because it's more dense
Density
This equals the mass of an objects * its volume. The unit for…
Water Displacement
How do you find the volume for an irregular object?
33 terms
Earth Science-Weather/Clouds
Evaporation
saturated
humidity
condensation
cannot hold any more water
water vapor in the atmosphere
Evaporation
saturated
cannot hold any more water
64 terms
Earth Science Semester Exam
Science
Hypothesis
Model
Control Group
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
a testable explanation that guides an experiment
A visual, mathematical, or three-dimensional representation i…
In a controlled experiment, the group of subjects exposed to…
Science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Hypothesis
a testable explanation that guides an experiment
602 terms
Earth Science
Air Masses
Front
Subtropical Jet
Polar Jet
...
...
located at 20-30 degrees; at 8.8 miles high, can flow 200-300…
flows west to east; is located at 60 degrees and is 6.2 miles…
Air Masses
...
Front
...
20 terms
Earth Science
fuels
earth materials
earthquake
erosion
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
solid natural materials that come from the earth
a violent shaking or vibration of the ground due to movement…
when wind or water carries weathered particles from one place…
fuels
substances that can be burned to produce heat or power
earth materials
solid natural materials that come from the earth
12 terms
Earth Science
satellite
atmosphere
craters
rock
an object (such as a moon) that moves around a much larger pl…
the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth
a large round hole in the ground made by the explosion of a b…
the hard, solid material that the surface of the Earth is mad…
satellite
an object (such as a moon) that moves around a much larger pl…
atmosphere
the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth
16 terms
Earth Science Introduction
science
observing
inferring
predicting
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
the process of making an inference, an interpretation based o…
the process of forecasting what will happen in the future bas…
science
a way of learning about the natural world through observation…
observing
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
15 terms
Earth Science - Glaciers
calving
cirque
continental glacier
crevasse
process by which a block of a glacier breaks off and falls in…
steep sided, half bowl shaped recess at the head of the glacier
a glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
A deep crack or fissure in the ice of a glacier.
calving
process by which a block of a glacier breaks off and falls in…
cirque
steep sided, half bowl shaped recess at the head of the glacier
32 terms
Earth Science Review Teams
plates
fault
hot spot
weathering
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
A place where magma partially melts through Earth's crust and…
A slow process that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces.
plates
Gigantic slabs of rock that make up the Earth's crust.
fault
A break or crack where 2 plates meet.
20 terms
Earth Science Volcano Quiz
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where molten, material, or magma, co…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
When magma reaches the surface
A major volcanic belt that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten, material, or magma, co…
magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
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