Study sets matching "earth science"

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Study sets matching "earth science"

11 terms
Branches of Earth Science
Geology
Volcanologist
seismologist
paleontologist
The study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
is a geologist who studies volcanoes
is a geologist who studies earthquakes
a geologist who studies fossils and the history of the life o…
Geology
The study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth…
Volcanologist
is a geologist who studies volcanoes
33 terms
earth science chapter 10 Review
Asthenosphere
Continental drift
Lithosphere
Magnetometer
Plasticlike layer below the lithosphere
Idea that continents move slowly across earth's surface
Composed of oceanic or continental crust and upper mantle
Sensing device to detect magnetic fields
Asthenosphere
Plasticlike layer below the lithosphere
Continental drift
Idea that continents move slowly across earth's surface
10 terms
Earth Science Half Lives
Radioactive or Parent element
Decay or Daughter element
Half-Life
The rate of decay is not effected by
an atom that has an unstable nucleus that changes spontaneous…
the stable element that is the result of the spontaneous chan…
The time it takes for ONE-HALF of a radioactive element to ch…
heat, pressure, chemical action
Radioactive or Parent element
an atom that has an unstable nucleus that changes spontaneous…
Decay or Daughter element
the stable element that is the result of the spontaneous chan…
Earth Science//The Earth
What is the shape of the earth?
Earth's structure (three major parts)
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
The earth is an OBLATE SPHEROID, slightly flattened at the po…
Litosphere (solid)... Hydrosphere (liquid)... Atmosphere (gas)
The dense, solid shell of the earth composed of rock and soil…
The waters of the earth including the oceans, lakes, rivers,…
What is the shape of the earth?
The earth is an OBLATE SPHEROID, slightly flattened at the po…
Earth's structure (three major parts)
Litosphere (solid)... Hydrosphere (liquid)... Atmosphere (gas)
29 terms
Earth Science Unit 1
Earth Science
Geology
oceanography
meteorology
all of the sciences that collectively seek to understand the…
the study of the Earth; its form and composition, the changes…
the study of the oceans and oceanic phenomenon
the study of the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena, the study…
Earth Science
all of the sciences that collectively seek to understand the…
Geology
the study of the Earth; its form and composition, the changes…
earth science regents review
anemometer
arid
autumnal equinox
big-bang
instrument used to determine wind speed.
climates that are extremely dry with low precipitation
September 23, when the sun's direct rays are at the equator,…
the universe was created about 15 billion years ago
anemometer
instrument used to determine wind speed.
arid
climates that are extremely dry with low precipitation
11 terms
Earth Science-Measuring the Earth
atmosphere
hydrosphere
lithosphere
latitude
layer of gasses surrounding the Earth
layer of liquid (oceans)
layer of rock that is the outer shell
distance North or South of Equator
atmosphere
layer of gasses surrounding the Earth
hydrosphere
layer of liquid (oceans)
13 terms
Earth Science - The Earth's Interior
epicenter
seismic waves
uplifted
displaced,
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
land has been raised to a new position
Forced out of a place ( erosion displaces soil)
epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
seismic waves
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
Earth Science Chapter 6
Constructive process
Destructive process
Weathering
Erosion
Builds up features on Earth's surface
Tears down features on Earth's surface
A destructive process that changes Earth's surface
The removal of weathered material from one location to another
Constructive process
Builds up features on Earth's surface
Destructive process
Tears down features on Earth's surface
21 terms
Earth Science 1.1
Geology:
Oceanography:
Meteorology:
Astronomy:
a word that means: "study of Earth." Historical and physical…
the study of the composition and movements of the ocean and c…
the study of the atmosphere and the processes that produce we…
the study of the universe- all objects in space, including pl…
Geology:
a word that means: "study of Earth." Historical and physical…
Oceanography:
the study of the composition and movements of the ocean and c…
27 terms
EarthScience
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Building blocks of matter
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms
Building blocks of matter
Proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
45 terms
Earth Science: Mapping the Earth
Representation of an area used to show…
Measuring lines running parallel to th…
What is the main reference line of lat…
Latitude of North Pole
Map
Latitude
Equator
90 degrees north
Representation of an area used to show…
Map
Measuring lines running parallel to th…
Latitude
Earth Science: Volcanoes
magma
lithosphere
asthenosphere
volcanism
Liquid rock formed under the Earth's surface.
The Earth's crust.
The upper mantle.
Any activity that includes the movement of magma towards the…
magma
Liquid rock formed under the Earth's surface.
lithosphere
The Earth's crust.
13 terms
Earth Science Ch 2 Terms
ocean crust
continental crust
magnetosphere
atmosphere
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
magnetic field surrounding a planet, which deflects much of t…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
ocean crust
most dense (heaviest) part of earths outermost layer
continental crust
forms the landmasses of the earths outermost layer, lower den…
26 terms
Earth Science Mid Term Vocabulary
Density
Topographic maps
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
how tightly packed atoms are
Maps that show Earth's highs and lows.
Earth's outer shell, including the crust and uppermost mantle.
all of Earth's water
Density
how tightly packed atoms are
Topographic maps
Maps that show Earth's highs and lows.
45 terms
Earth Science
Atmosphere
Condensation
Evaporation
Precipitation
A mixture of gases that surrounds Earth.
Water vapor cools and becomes a liquid
When a liquid changes into a vapor or gas
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
Atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds Earth.
Condensation
Water vapor cools and becomes a liquid
Earth Science: Glaciers & Rivers
topographic map
contour lines
Oxbow
Alluvial Fan
A map that shows the shape of the ground as well as location…
Lines creating boundaries that seperate one area from another…
A meander that has been cut off from the river
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream lea…
topographic map
A map that shows the shape of the ground as well as location…
contour lines
Lines creating boundaries that seperate one area from another…
Earth Science
convergent
divergent
transform
destructive
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
boundaries that slide past each other and create earthquakes
forces that destroy the earth
convergent
boundaries that come together in order to form mountains
divergent
boundaries that move apart and form volcanoes
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
16 terms
earth science
Subduction zone
Conversion boundary
Divergent boundary
Transform boundary
Located at convergent boundaries where one plate sinks under…
Where two plates meet, moving towards one another.
Where two plates meet, moving away from one another.
Where two plates are moving along side one another.
Subduction zone
Located at convergent boundaries where one plate sinks under…
Conversion boundary
Where two plates meet, moving towards one another.
Earth Science
matter
mass
volume
All matter is made of
anything that has mass/volume an object... anything that occupie…
material in an object or substance
amount of space that is taken up by an object or substance
particles
matter
anything that has mass/volume an object... anything that occupie…
mass
material in an object or substance
36 terms
Earth Science Energy Resources
natural resource
examples of natural resources
where most of the earth's energy origi…
renewable resource
any natural material that is used by humans
water, wind, animals, minerals, rocks, plants
the sun
a natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
natural resource
any natural material that is used by humans
examples of natural resources
water, wind, animals, minerals, rocks, plants
19 terms
earth science
Erosion
weathering
chemical weathering
focus
the transport of rock materials by wind, glaciers, or gravity.
the wearing down of earth materials that are in place by the…
caused by the climate. more dominant
where the wave generates.
Erosion
the transport of rock materials by wind, glaciers, or gravity.
weathering
the wearing down of earth materials that are in place by the…
Earth Science Mapping the Earth
Heliocentric
Geocentric
Cartography
Equator
Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Earth is the center of the universe
the making or study of maps or charts.
an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle t…
Heliocentric
Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Geocentric
Earth is the center of the universe
33 terms
Earth Science (Geology) Vocabulary
Deposition
Fault
Vent
Rock Cycle
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
An opening from which lava and gases from the Earth's interio…
A series of natural processes by which rocks are slowly chang…
Deposition
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
Fault
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
Earth Science
Water Vapor
Cold Front
Isotherms
Warm Front
is the gaseous phase of water.
A cold front is defined as the leading edge of a cooler mass…
a line on a map connecting points having the same temperature…
a line on a map connecting points having the same temperature…
Water Vapor
is the gaseous phase of water.
Cold Front
A cold front is defined as the leading edge of a cooler mass…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Element
Proton
...
...
...
...
Matter
...
Atom
...
Earth Science
landform
topography
sand dune
weathering
A physical feature on Earth's surface
A description of surface features of land.
A deposit of wind-blown sand
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
landform
A physical feature on Earth's surface
topography
A description of surface features of land.
9 terms
Earth Science
Geology
Lithosphere
Astrology
Meterology
The study of materials that make up Earth and changes in thes…
Rigid outer shell of the planet including the crust and the u…
The study of beyond Earths atmosphere and space.
The study of air that surrounds Earth
Geology
The study of materials that make up Earth and changes in thes…
Lithosphere
Rigid outer shell of the planet including the crust and the u…
22 terms
Earth Science
Wind
Meteorologist
Anemometer
Speed
movement in the air that can be seen or felt. Wind occurs whe…
a person who predicts the weather by using different tools to…
a tool used by meteorologists to measure wind speeds
how fast or slowly something is moving
Wind
movement in the air that can be seen or felt. Wind occurs whe…
Meteorologist
a person who predicts the weather by using different tools to…
38 terms
Science Review: Earth Science
constructive forces
destructive forces
deposition
sand dunes
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
depositing sediment to create a new landform... (sand dunes)
created when wind blows sand/sediment from one place to anoth…
constructive forces
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
destructive forces
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
23 terms
Earth Science
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Basic unit of matter
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms
Basic unit of matter
Proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
112 terms
Earth Science
The same substance always has ... (the sa…
As pressure increases, density (increa…
Water expands as it (boils/freezes/eva…
As temperature increases, density (inc…
the same density
increases
freezes
decreases
The same substance always has ... (the sa…
the same density
As pressure increases, density (increa…
increases
30 terms
Earth Science
Peridotite
Obsidian
Gabbro
Diorite
Texture: Phaneritic,... Major Mineral: Olivine, ... Ultra Mafic,…
Texture: Glassy... Major Minerals: Plagioclase Feldspar, Pyroxen…
Texture: Phaneritic... Major Minerals: Olivine, Pyroxene, Plagio…
Texture: Phaneritic ... Major Minerals: Amphibole, Plagioclase F…
Peridotite
Texture: Phaneritic,... Major Mineral: Olivine, ... Ultra Mafic,…
Obsidian
Texture: Glassy... Major Minerals: Plagioclase Feldspar, Pyroxen…
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science
geology
oceanography
meteorology
astronomy
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
the study of the sea
the study of the earth's atmosphere, especially in relation t…
the study of the universe and the objects in it
geology
the study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth…
oceanography
the study of the sea
12 terms
Earth Science 1
Geologist
Rocks
Geology
Constructive forces
Scientists who study the forces that make and shape planet Ea…
The material that forms Earth's hard surface.
The study of the planet Earth.
A force that builds up mountains and landmasses on Earth's su…
Geologist
Scientists who study the forces that make and shape planet Ea…
Rocks
The material that forms Earth's hard surface.
17 terms
Earth Science
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
This layer is closest to earth in the atmosphere
This layer is where most jets fly, and where the ozone is found
Called middle atmosphere, and the coldest layer
Temperatures can be very hot in this layer, known as upper at…
Troposphere
This layer is closest to earth in the atmosphere
Stratosphere
This layer is where most jets fly, and where the ozone is found
20 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
5 terms
Earth Science Earth's Surface
Mineral
silicate
crystallization
magma
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
2. a process when minerals form which molecules and/or ions c…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface... A molten mixture of r…
Mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
silicate
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
21 terms
Earth Science
atoms
proton
neutron
electron
Building blocks of matter
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
atoms
Building blocks of matter
proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
41 terms
CMS Earth Science Weather
Weather
Water Cycle
Humidity
Relative Humidity
The condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place
The continuous movement of water from water sources such as l…
The amount of water vapor or moisture in the air
The amount of moisture the air contains compared with the max…
Weather
The condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place
Water Cycle
The continuous movement of water from water sources such as l…
150 terms
EARTH SCIENCE-SLO Vocabulary
microscope
cell theory
cell wall
cell membrane
an instrument that makes small objects look larger.
all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and other orga…
controls which substances pass in and out of the cell, made o…
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger.
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
35 terms
Earth Science and Waves
transverse wave
crest
trough
wavelength
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular to…
Highest point of a wave
Lowest point of a wave.
Distance between two consecutive crests or troughs
transverse wave
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular to…
crest
Highest point of a wave
Earth Science: Earthquakes
focus
epicenter
seismic waves
primary waves
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
carry the energy of an earthquake away from the focus, throug…
Compress and expand or push and pull the ground like an accor…
focus
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
epicenter
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
Earth Science Earth core
Crust:
pangia
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere:
Supercontinen
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.
Crust:
pangia
Supercontinen
55 terms
MR Earth Science Minerals
Element
Matter
Atom
Atomic Number
substance that cannot be broken down
Anything with volume and mass (Stuff)
The smallest particle of an element
Number of protons in an atom
Element
substance that cannot be broken down
Matter
Anything with volume and mass (Stuff)
14 terms
ch 3 minerals earth science
mineral
crystal
magma
silicates
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemica…
a solid in which atoms are arranged in orderly repeating patt…
hot melted rock material under the earth
minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one or m…
mineral
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemica…
crystal
a solid in which atoms are arranged in orderly repeating patt…
Earth Science Mid-Term
Earth science
Physical science
Life science
Scientific inquiry
The branch of science that studies the Earth, including rocks…
The branch of science that studies matter and energy, include…
The branch of science that studies living things
A process that uses a set of skills to answer questions or to…
Earth science
The branch of science that studies the Earth, including rocks…
Physical science
The branch of science that studies matter and energy, include…
38 terms
Science Review: Earth Science
constructive forces
destructive forces
deposition
sand dunes
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
depositing sediment to create a new landform... (sand dunes)
created when wind blows sand/sediment from one place to anoth…
constructive forces
build up the land (earthquakes, volcanoes, wind)
destructive forces
break down the land (wind, water, ice, earthquakes, volcanoes…
25 terms
Chapter 2 Earth Science
Earth's Revolution
Parallax
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
The motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
Earth's position around June 21, at which the northern hemisp…
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
Earth's Revolution
The motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
Parallax
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
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