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Study sets matching "earth science"

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Study sets matching "earth science"

20 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
55 terms
MR Earth Science Minerals
Element
Matter
Atom
Atomic Number
substance that cannot be broken down
Anything with volume and mass (Stuff)
The smallest particle of an element
Number of protons in an atom
Element
substance that cannot be broken down
Matter
Anything with volume and mass (Stuff)
25 terms
earth science
core
earth
mantle
volcano
core
earth
38 terms
MR Earth Science Introduction
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Meteorology
the group of science that deals with Earth and space
the study of the earth, specifically rocks and the planet's c…
the study of the ocean
Science dealing with the atmosphere and weather
Earth Science
the group of science that deals with Earth and space
Geology
the study of the earth, specifically rocks and the planet's c…
5 terms
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Continental Crust
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
a theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and ma…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other.
Plate tectonics
a theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and ma…
Continental Crust
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
12 terms
Earth Science Measuring Earth vocab
atmosphere
contour interval
contour line
elevation
a shell of gases that surround the Earth
how much each line is worth on a topographic map
connects points of equal elevation
the height above sea level
atmosphere
a shell of gases that surround the Earth
contour interval
how much each line is worth on a topographic map
22 terms
Earth Science
canyons
climate
cold front
collection/runoff
deep valleys with steep sides
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
the leading edge of a moving mass of colder air
something that drains or flows off, as rain that flows off fr…
canyons
deep valleys with steep sides
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
21 terms
Earth Science
volcano
acid rain
beach
contour plowing
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
rain that causes chemical weathering
where land and water meet
farmers use this to stop erosion
volcano
A mountain that forms when magma reaches the surface.
acid rain
rain that causes chemical weathering
Earth Science
Plate tectonics
Plates
Divergence
Convergence
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
- 2 plates move away from each other... - hot mantle rock rises…
- crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pl…
Plate tectonics
theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chan…
Plates
rigid blocks of crust and upper mantle... - move along the hot u…
36 terms
Earth Science
mineral
igeneous rock
sedimentary rock
sediments
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
rock formed from pieces of rocks and remains of living things…
pieces of rock
mineral
naturally forming solid with a specific composition that form…
igeneous rock
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens often near a v…
Earth Science
Atmosphere
Water Cycle
Evaporation
Condensation
A mixture of gases that surrounds Earth.
The continuous movement of water between Earth's surface and…
The process by which water changes from liquid form to an atm…
The process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid s…
Atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds Earth.
Water Cycle
The continuous movement of water between Earth's surface and…
67 terms
Earth Science Review
Altitude
Density
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Elevation or height above sea level
How tightly packed the matter in a substance is.
the lowest atmospheric layer
2nd lowest layer of the atmosphere. ( Ozone is located there.)
Altitude
Elevation or height above sea level
Density
How tightly packed the matter in a substance is.
30 terms
Earth Science
Magma
Lava
plate tectonics
crust
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
Magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Lava
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
22 terms
Space and Earth Science Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
21 terms
Earth science
Salinity
Benthos
Plankton
Benthic zone
...
...
...
...
Salinity
...
Benthos
...
10 terms
Earth Science Chapter 13
shields
stromatolites
Gondwana
Laurasia
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient a metamorphic roc…
Oldest known fossils formed from many layers of bacteria and…
The large southern land mass that existed from the Cambrian (…
Late Paleozoic, Northern Hemisphere continent composed of the…
shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient a metamorphic roc…
stromatolites
Oldest known fossils formed from many layers of bacteria and…
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 11
elastic limit
earthquake
three types of faults
three types of forces on rocks
how far an object can bend without breaking
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
normal faluts, reverse faults, strike-slip faults
tension, compression, shear... Compression is the force that squ…
elastic limit
how far an object can bend without breaking
earthquake
vibrations produced by breaking of rock
19 terms
Earth Science Vocab
Core ... Lesson 1... C13
Mantle ... Lesson 1... C13
Crust ... Lesson 1... C13
Continental Drift ... Lesson 1... C13
Dense center of the earth made of solid and melted materials... L1
Layer of the earth that surrounds the core... L1
Outer layer of the earth... L1
Theory that the major land masses of the earth move... L1
Core ... Lesson 1... C13
Dense center of the earth made of solid and melted materials... L1
Mantle ... Lesson 1... C13
Layer of the earth that surrounds the core... L1
12 terms
Earth Science
Weathering
Erosion
Sediment
Deposition
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are carried away
tiny pieces of rock that have broken down
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are carried away
15 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 10
continental drift
mid-oceans ridges
sea-floor spreading
paleomagnetism
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
the process by which new oceanic lithosphere (sea floor) form…
the study of the alignment of magnetic minerals in rock, spec…
continental drift
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
mid-oceans ridges
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
55 terms
Earth Science
soil
humus
horizon
soil profile
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
each different layer of soil
all the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil
a mixture of weathered rock, humus, mineral fragments, water,…
humus
rich, dark organic material formed by the decay of plant and…
11 terms
Earth Science-Measuring the Earth
atmosphere
hydrosphere
lithosphere
latitude
layer of gasses surrounding the Earth
layer of liquid (oceans)
layer of rock that is the outer shell
distance North or South of Equator
atmosphere
layer of gasses surrounding the Earth
hydrosphere
layer of liquid (oceans)
61 terms
5th Grade Earth Science
Natural Resources
Renewable Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Inexhaustible Resources
Earth materials in the environment that are useful to people
Resources that nature can produce again and again in a relati…
Resources that nature cannot replace quickly enough to meet p…
Resources that can never be used up or are abundant
Natural Resources
Earth materials in the environment that are useful to people
Renewable Resources
Resources that nature can produce again and again in a relati…
23 terms
EARTH SCIENCE UNIT 6
ATOM
CLEAVAGE
COMPOSITION
COMPOUND
The smallest part of an element.
SPLITTING OF A MINERAL INTO SMOOTH FLAT SURFACES. EXAMPLE MICA.
WHAT SOMETHING IS MADE OF.
SUBSTANCE MADE UP OF TWO OR MORE ELEMENTS THAT ARE CHEMICALLY…
ATOM
The smallest part of an element.
CLEAVAGE
SPLITTING OF A MINERAL INTO SMOOTH FLAT SURFACES. EXAMPLE MICA.
9 terms
Earth Science
Azimuthal projection
theory
cubic meter
conic projection
a map projection that is made my moving the surface features…
an explanation that ties together many hypotheses and observa…
equal to 1,000L
a map projection that is made by moving the surface features…
Azimuthal projection
a map projection that is made my moving the surface features…
theory
an explanation that ties together many hypotheses and observa…
114 terms
Earth science
Geology
Hyrdosphere
Independent variable
Theory
Earths physical structure
all waters on earths surface
The variable that we can change
A well tested explanation of natural events
Geology
Earths physical structure
Hyrdosphere
all waters on earths surface
41 terms
CMS Earth Science Weather
Weather
Water Cycle
Humidity
Relative Humidity
The condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place
The continuous movement of water from water sources such as l…
The amount of water vapor or moisture in the air
The amount of moisture the air contains compared with the max…
Weather
The condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place
Water Cycle
The continuous movement of water from water sources such as l…
10 terms
Exam revision - Earth science
Big Bang
Steady State
Hertz Sprung Russell diagram
light year
the theory that the universe began from a hot dense state at…
a theory which states there was no beginning to the universe…
a graph displaying star data with spectral class or star temp…
the distance light travels in one year
Big Bang
the theory that the universe began from a hot dense state at…
Steady State
a theory which states there was no beginning to the universe…
9 terms
Earth Science
Bedrock
Executive Branch
Fossil
Humus
Unweathered rock that lies below the lowest layer of soil
The branch of government that carries out laws
The preserved remains of a plant or animal that lived long ago
The decayed remains of plants and animals
Bedrock
Unweathered rock that lies below the lowest layer of soil
Executive Branch
The branch of government that carries out laws
23 terms
Irish Earth Science ROCKS
basalt
granite
gabbro
pumice
basalt
granite
51 terms
Introduction to Earth Science
Geology
Silicon
Upper Mantle
Inner Core
The study of Earth, its materials, and processes past and pre…
The second most abundant element in the earth's crust.
is part of lithosphere / tectonic plates
A dense solidified iron rich alloy.
Geology
The study of Earth, its materials, and processes past and pre…
Silicon
The second most abundant element in the earth's crust.
97 terms
Earth & Space Science Review
Constructive process
Constructive process
Constructive process
What makes deltas and sand dunes?
volcanos
tectonics plates
sediment
sediment
Constructive process
volcanos
Constructive process
tectonics plates
20 terms
Earth Science Transfer of Energy
Insolation
Wavelength
Infrared Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
-Incoming solar radiation. The electromagnetic energy from th…
- the space between two crests... - the LONGER the wavelenght th…
-the same thing as terrestrial radiation. Infrared (IR) light…
- A method of classifying radiation on the basis of wavelengt…
Insolation
-Incoming solar radiation. The electromagnetic energy from th…
Wavelength
- the space between two crests... - the LONGER the wavelenght th…
41 terms
Earth Science Assessment
Erosion
Weathering
Deposition
Erosion, weathering, and deposition
The process of moving pieces of rock (sediments) from one pla…
The breaking down of rock into smaller pieces. Water, wind, a…
When weathered materials are dropped or deposited in new loca…
Slow Environmental Changes
Erosion
The process of moving pieces of rock (sediments) from one pla…
Weathering
The breaking down of rock into smaller pieces. Water, wind, a…
Earth Science: Plate Boundaries
Convergent Boundary
Oceanic-Oceanic Convergent Boundary
Oceanic-Continental Convergent Boundary
Continent - Continent Convergent Bound…
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
Older oceanic plate is forced under the younger one creating…
When an oceanic and a continental plate collide, eventually t…
two continental plates collide, neither plate forced down bec…
Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
Oceanic-Oceanic Convergent Boundary
Older oceanic plate is forced under the younger one creating…
8 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary
landform
topography
weathering
erosion
a natural land shape of feature
surface landforms of an area
the process of breaking down rock by natural means or forces.
the process of moving sediment by wind, water, or ice.
landform
a natural land shape of feature
topography
surface landforms of an area
27 terms
EarthScience
Atoms
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Building blocks of matter
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms
Building blocks of matter
Proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
11 terms
Earth Science
igneous
metamorphic
sedimentary
landforms
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
Features that make up the earth's surface such as a plain, mo…
igneous
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
metamorphic
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
27 terms
5th Grade Earth Science - Evans
crust
erosion
sediment
weathering
the thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
destructive force in which pieces of rock are moved from plac…
weathered rock pieces deposited by wind, water, or ice
destructive force that breaks down rocks into smaller pieces
crust
the thin, rocky outer layer of Earth that makes up the contin…
erosion
destructive force in which pieces of rock are moved from plac…
20 terms
Earth science 6th grade
crust
original horizontality
continental drift
sea-floor spreading
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
Most-rock forming materials are deposited in continuous, flat…
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the process by which new oceanic lithosphere (sea floor) form…
crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
original horizontality
Most-rock forming materials are deposited in continuous, flat…
18 terms
Earth Science
lithosphere
asthenosphere
outer core
Inner core
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
The hot, molten layer of Earth's interior made up of liquid n…
The hottest layer of Earth's interior, made up of iron, but s…
lithosphere
The hardened, outer layer of the earth made up of the crust a…
asthenosphere
The middle layer of the mantle where convection currents happ…
12 terms
Earth Science
astronomy
crater
solar system
orbit
The study of the stars, planets, and space
A large, wide, flat hole in the surface of the moon or a planet
The sun and the planets that orbit it.
The circular path an object takes around a center point.
astronomy
The study of the stars, planets, and space
crater
A large, wide, flat hole in the surface of the moon or a planet
50 terms
MR Earth Science Rocks
Rocks
3 major types of rocks are...
Magma
Lava
Solid mass of minerals and mineral-like (obsidion, coal, lime…
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorpic
Melted rock beneath the Earth's surface
Melted rock at the Earth's surface
Rocks
Solid mass of minerals and mineral-like (obsidion, coal, lime…
3 major types of rocks are...
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorpic
38 terms
4th Grade Earth Science
evaporation
condensation
precipitation
humidity
the change from liquid water to water vapor
the process of water vapor, a gas, changing to a liquid
any form of water falling from the air to Earth's surface
the amount of water vapor in the air
evaporation
the change from liquid water to water vapor
condensation
the process of water vapor, a gas, changing to a liquid
30 terms
Earth Science
What is the law of Superposition?
What is a meander?
Where does deposition occur along a me…
Where does erosion occur along a meand…
In a stack of undistrubed rock layers, the older rocks are at…
A curve or bend in a river
Deposition occurs along the inside of the meander. This is wh…
Erosion occurs along the outside of the meander. This is wher…
What is the law of Superposition?
In a stack of undistrubed rock layers, the older rocks are at…
What is a meander?
A curve or bend in a river
20 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Set 2
mechanical weathering
glacier
delta
sea arch
Also known as physical weathering. A type of weathering that…
A huge sheet of slowly moving ice
A deposit of sediment that builds up at a river's mouth
A formation made when waves first carve away softer rock in t…
mechanical weathering
Also known as physical weathering. A type of weathering that…
glacier
A huge sheet of slowly moving ice
18 terms
PSSA Science-Earth Science
Tectonic Plates
Volcanoes
Earthquakes
Compression
If you could cut the Earth in half like an orange, you would…
____________ happen when the Tectonic Plates bump into each o…
___________ happen when the Tectonic Plates slide past each o…
_________________ happens when Tectonic Plates are pushed and…
Tectonic Plates
If you could cut the Earth in half like an orange, you would…
Volcanoes
____________ happen when the Tectonic Plates bump into each o…
30 terms
Earth Science//The Earth
What is the shape of the earth?
Earth's structure (three major parts)
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
The earth is an OBLATE SPHEROID, slightly flattened at the po…
Litosphere (solid)... Hydrosphere (liquid)... Atmosphere (gas)
The dense, solid shell of the earth composed of rock and soil…
The waters of the earth including the oceans, lakes, rivers,…
What is the shape of the earth?
The earth is an OBLATE SPHEROID, slightly flattened at the po…
Earth's structure (three major parts)
Litosphere (solid)... Hydrosphere (liquid)... Atmosphere (gas)
45 terms
Earth Science: Mapping the Earth
Representation of an area used to show…
Measuring lines running parallel to th…
What is the main reference line of lat…
Latitude of North Pole
Map
Latitude
Equator
90 degrees north
Representation of an area used to show…
Map
Measuring lines running parallel to th…
Latitude
18 terms
Earth Science
P-wave
S-wave
Mantle
Inner Core
The primary wave in an Earthquake, the fastest wave, and move…
The secondary wave in an Earthquake, moves slower than P-wave…
Layer just below the Earth's crust and above the outer core.…
Innermost part of Earth made of solid iron and nickel.
P-wave
The primary wave in an Earthquake, the fastest wave, and move…
S-wave
The secondary wave in an Earthquake, moves slower than P-wave…
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