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Study sets matching "earth sciencechapter 3"

31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Minerals
Mineralogy
native elements
halides
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
substances that exist naturally in the earth's crust as singl…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
Minerals
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
Mineralogy
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3: Rocks Vocabulary
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
Rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
Igneous rock
a rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
54 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 3
mineral
element
compound
crystal
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
mineral
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
17 terms
SCIENCEchapter 3 lesson 1 VOCABULARY
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Food Chain
All the living and nonliving things in an environment , inclu…
All the members of on species in an area.
All the living things in an ecosystem.
The path that energy and nutrients follow in an ecosystem.
Ecosystem
All the living and nonliving things in an environment , inclu…
Population
All the members of on species in an area.
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Mineral
Silicates
Nonsilicates
Crystallization
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, with a definite chem…
Common rock-forming minerals that contain silicon
Common rock-forming minerals that do not contain silicon
This process occurs when particles dissolved in liquid or a m…
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, with a definite chem…
Silicates
Common rock-forming minerals that contain silicon
36 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Terms
Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Rock Cycle
lava
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
The continuous processes rock undergoes to change on our plan…
Molten rock that has made it onto the surface of the Earth
Rock
Solid mass of mineral or mineral material that is naturally o…
Sedimentary Rock
Rocks formed by deposition and lithification of pieces of roc…
54 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 3
mineral
element
compound
crystal
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
mineral
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Rock
Rock Cycle
Magma
Lava
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock Cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
22 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 3
Know the water cycle
geosphere
biosphere
atmosphere
the mostly solid, rocky part of Earth
the part of Earth where life exists
a mixture of gases that surround Earth
Know the water cycle
geosphere
the mostly solid, rocky part of Earth
17 terms
Chapter 3 Earth Science
cartographer
contour interval
contour lines
equator
mapmaker
difference in elevation between two consecutive contour lines
brown line of equal elevation on topo map
imaginary line dividing northern and sourthern hemisphere
cartographer
mapmaker
contour interval
difference in elevation between two consecutive contour lines
28 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
matter
element
nucleus
protron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Center of atom
Positive atomic particle
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
54 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 3
mineral
element
compound
crystal
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
mineral
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
streak
specific gravity
silicate
ore
the color of the mineral when it is in powdered form
ratio of weight compared to the weight of an equal volume of…
mineral that contains silicon, oxygen, and usually one or mor…
mineral or rock that contains a useful substance that can be…
streak
the color of the mineral when it is in powdered form
specific gravity
ratio of weight compared to the weight of an equal volume of…
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Energy
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Atoms
molecule
the ability to create change in a system
visible, ultraviolet light and infrared radiation are part of…
tiny particles-- too tiny to see
a group of atoms.
Energy
the ability to create change in a system
Electromagnetic Spectrum
visible, ultraviolet light and infrared radiation are part of…
27 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3 Matter and Change Vocab
Matter
Element
Nucleus
proton
Anything that has mass and volume
Substance that cannot be broken down into simpler means by ph…
Positively charged center of an atom, made up of protons and…
subatomic particle that has mass and a positive charge locate…
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down into simpler means by ph…
47 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Review
streak
specific gravity
silicate
ore
the color of the mineral when it is in powdered form
ratio of weight compared to the weight of an equal volume of…
mineral that contains silicon, oxygen, and usually one or mor…
mineral or rock that contains a useful substance that can be…
streak
the color of the mineral when it is in powdered form
specific gravity
ratio of weight compared to the weight of an equal volume of…
22 terms
Mr Mark's Earth Science Chapter 3 review
Pacific Ocean
GPS
Greenwich, England
Topographic map
Through what Ocean does the International Date line pass thro…
Acronym for Global Positioning System
In which city is the Prime Meridian located?
what kind of map shows contour lines and elevations of mounta…
Pacific Ocean
Through what Ocean does the International Date line pass thro…
GPS
Acronym for Global Positioning System
29 terms
Holt California Earth Science Chapter 3
Crust
Mantle
Convection
Convection Currents
Thin and solid outer most layer of Earth above the mantle
Layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
The movement of matter due to differences in density
Any movement of matter that results from differences in density
Crust
Thin and solid outer most layer of Earth above the mantle
Mantle
Layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 vocabulary
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a substance in which the particles are arranged in an orderly…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
silicone and oxygen are bonded
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
crystal
a substance in which the particles are arranged in an orderly…
41 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
gravity
mass
orbit
revolution
force of attraction between any two objects
amount of matter that an object contains
curved path that an object follows as it revolves around anot…
movement of an orbiting object
gravity
force of attraction between any two objects
mass
amount of matter that an object contains
30 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 3
globe
ancient Babylonia
cartographers
cardinal directions
What type of map most accurately shows the true shape of a co…
One of the earliest maps in existence dates from the time of…
What is a person called who makes maps
North, south, east and west are known as ____.
globe
What type of map most accurately shows the true shape of a co…
ancient Babylonia
One of the earliest maps in existence dates from the time of…
20 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
crystalline structure
evaporation
cementation
clastic
definite atomic pattern within a mineral
change in phase from liquid to gas
process in forming sedimentary rocks in which various sized s…
formed from sediments made up of rock fragments held together…
crystalline structure
definite atomic pattern within a mineral
evaporation
change in phase from liquid to gas
34 terms
Earth Science by Tarbuck, Lutkins: Chapter 3 Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth: Metamorphic Rocks
Metamorphism
Metamorphic rocks are products of...
Metamorphic rocks are created...
The Rock Cycle
"to change form"... -progresses incrementally from low grade to…
igneous, sedimentary, AND metamorphic rocks
through the transition of one rock into another by temperatur…
Metamorphism
"to change form"... -progresses incrementally from low grade to…
Metamorphic rocks are products of...
igneous, sedimentary, AND metamorphic rocks
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Equator
Parallels
Latitude
Minutes
p. 53 a circle that that divides earth into northern and sout…
set of circles describing positions north and south of the eq…
the angular distance north or south from the equator; express…
each degree of latitude consists of 60 equal parts. Each minu…
Equator
p. 53 a circle that that divides earth into northern and sout…
Parallels
set of circles describing positions north and south of the eq…
20 terms
Holt California Earth Science Chapter 3-other
Crust
Mantle
Convection
Temperature
Thin and solid outer most layer of Earth above the mantle
Layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
The movement of matter due to differences in density
A measure of how hot or how cold something is
Crust
Thin and solid outer most layer of Earth above the mantle
Mantle
Layer of rock between the Earth's crust and core
14 terms
ch 3 minerals earth science
mineral
crystal
magma
silicates
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemica…
a solid in which atoms are arranged in orderly repeating patt…
hot melted rock material under the earth
minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one or m…
mineral
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemica…
crystal
a solid in which atoms are arranged in orderly repeating patt…
15 terms
Science Review Chapter 3- EARTH'S STRUCTURE
landform
relief
topography
elevation
topographic features of Earth's crust
the change in elevation between the highest and lowest points…
describes the shape of a topographic area
the height above sea level of any point on Earth's surface
landform
topographic features of Earth's crust
relief
the change in elevation between the highest and lowest points…
26 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Acid
Atomic number
Base
Chemical bond
A solition containing a substance that procedures hydrogen io…
The number of protons in a nucleus
A substance that produces hydroxide ions in water
The force that holds together the elements in a compound
Acid
A solition containing a substance that procedures hydrogen io…
Atomic number
The number of protons in a nucleus
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
any circle that runs east and west aro…
the angular distance north or south fr…
any semicircle that runs north and sou…
the angular distance east or west from…
parallel
latitude
meridian
longitude
any circle that runs east and west aro…
parallel
the angular distance north or south fr…
latitude
38 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 3
Map
Chart
Oblique
Globe
simplified image that models part of the earth's surface
Aviation maps and maps of the ocean
Showing the earth's surface from a tilted view
A sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represen…
Map
simplified image that models part of the earth's surface
Chart
Aviation maps and maps of the ocean
56 terms
Earth Science by Tarbuck, Lutkins: Chapter 3 Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth: Sedimentary Rocks
Sedimentary rocks are products of...
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Sedimentary rocks for about ____% (by…
mechanical and chemical weathering
weathering processes that physically breakdown exposed rock w…
weathering processes that cause exposed rock to undergo alter…
5%
Sedimentary rocks are products of...
mechanical and chemical weathering
Mechanical Weathering
weathering processes that physically breakdown exposed rock w…
28 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
Latitude
Parallel
Degrees
Meridian
the angular distance north or south of the equator (looks lik…
any circle that runs east and west and that is parallel to th…
North and South Pole have latitude= to 90° .1° is equal to 11…
. half circle from the North Pole to the South Pole ... .used t…
Latitude
the angular distance north or south of the equator (looks lik…
Parallel
any circle that runs east and west and that is parallel to th…
27 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Review
parallels
latitude
meridian
longitude
the set of circles that run east and west around the globe, p…
the angular distance north or south of the equator
any semicircle that runs from the North Pole to the South Pol…
the angular distance east or west of the prime meridian
parallels
the set of circles that run east and west around the globe, p…
latitude
the angular distance north or south of the equator
16 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
precipitate
regional metamorphism
rock
rock cycle
crystals that drop out of a saturated solution
metamorphism caused by high pressures and temps that extend o…
naturally occurring solid aggregate of minerals or in some ca…
set of geologic processes that convert rocks of each of the t…
precipitate
crystals that drop out of a saturated solution
regional metamorphism
metamorphism caused by high pressures and temps that extend o…
10 terms
Mr. Q Earth Science Chapter 3
Geologists
Equator
Hemisphere
Cardinal directions
("gee-all-o-jists"); Scientists who study the... Earth
("ee-quay-tor"); an imaginary line that... divides a planet into…
("hem-es-fear"); equal sides of a planet,... divided by an equator
("card-in-all"); north, south, east and west;... a set of direct…
Geologists
("gee-all-o-jists"); Scientists who study the... Earth
Equator
("ee-quay-tor"); an imaginary line that... divides a planet into…
12 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 3: Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
silicates
Naturally occurring, inorganic, solid with a definite chemica…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeati…
Hot melted rock material that cools when it reaches earth's s…
Minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one or m…
mineral
Naturally occurring, inorganic, solid with a definite chemica…
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeati…
37 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3
Motion
Relative Motion
Distance
Displacement
any change in position
motion with respect to a certain object
how far an object moves
the distance and direction of an objects change in position f…
Motion
any change in position
Relative Motion
motion with respect to a certain object
15 terms
chapter 3 prentice hall earth science
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
rock formed when sediments are pressed or cemented together
rock altered by pressure and heat
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Rocks
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals.
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
A rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rock…
A rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep with…
rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals.
igneous rock
A rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
89 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Father of modern geology
Rock
How do Igneous rocks form?
How do sedimentary rocks form?
James Hutton
group/aggregate of minerals bound together
cooling and hardening of magma
hardening of layers of sediment
Father of modern geology
James Hutton
Rock
group/aggregate of minerals bound together
48 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 3 Dynamic Earth
Earth
geosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
consists of 4 systems
rock
air
water
Earth
consists of 4 systems
geosphere
rock
37 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 3
Know what kind of map would show the t…
The earliest maps in existence came fr…
What is a person that creates maps cal…
Know what the cardinal directions are.
pg.49
pg.49
pg.51
pg.51
Know what kind of map would show the t…
pg.49
The earliest maps in existence came fr…
pg.49
11 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3 Review
Rock
Rock cycle
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
a naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or mo…
the set of natural processes that form, change, break down, a…
type of rock that forms when molten rock cools and becomes so…
type of rock that forms when pieces of older rocks and loose…
Rock
a naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or mo…
Rock cycle
the set of natural processes that form, change, break down, a…
41 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Minerals
the number of elements that make up th…
the most abundant element in the earth…
the second most abundant element in th…
element
8
oxygen
silicon
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
the number of elements that make up th…
8
the most abundant element in the earth…
oxygen
56 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 3
Geomorphology
initial
sequential
Erosion
Study of the origins and development of the landforms over ti…
Occurring at the beginning. Created First.... Is the uplift land…
What happened after. Glacier & wind carved out the landscape…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Geomorphology
Study of the origins and development of the landforms over ti…
initial
Occurring at the beginning. Created First.... Is the uplift land…
28 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 3
rock
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
rock formed from the weathered products of preexisting rocks…
rock formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within…
rock
a consolidated mixture of minerals
igneous rock
rock formed by the crystallization of molten magma
35 terms
Chapter 3 Models of the Earth
map
reference point
axis
cardinal directions
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
an imaginary line that runs through the Earth and on which th…
N, S, E, W
map
a representation of the features of a physical body such as E…
reference point
a fixed place on the Earth's surface from which direction and…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
focus
epicenter
shaking of the Earth caused by shifting plates
a crack in the Earth's crust where it is weak
the place underground where an earthquake occurs
the place on the Earth's surface directly above the focus
earthquake
shaking of the Earth caused by shifting plates
fault
a crack in the Earth's crust where it is weak
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