How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "earth systems chapter 6"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "earth systems chapter 6"

13 terms
Earth systems chapter 6
In order to maintain Earth's water bal…
The ability of a stream to erode and t…
The maximum depth to which a stream ca…
The ____ of a stream is a measure of t…
Oceans, continents
Velocity
base level
Competence
In order to maintain Earth's water bal…
Oceans, continents
The ability of a stream to erode and t…
Velocity
29 terms
Chapter 6 earth systems
Crevases form in the zone fracture
A ____ forms when a block of ice is bu…
The Great Ice Age is believed to have…
Except for some scattered accumulation…
True
Kittle
10,000-15,000 years ago
False
Crevases form in the zone fracture
True
A ____ forms when a block of ice is bu…
Kittle
20 terms
Earth Systems Chapter 6
Ablation Zone
Accumulation Zone
Active Layer
Basal Shear Stress
The lower part of a glacier where more snow melts during the…
The upper part of a glacier where more snow accumulates in wi…
The top layer of permafrost that alternatively freezes in the…
The stress applied parallel to the slope at the bed of the gl…
Ablation Zone
The lower part of a glacier where more snow melts during the…
Accumulation Zone
The upper part of a glacier where more snow accumulates in wi…
16 terms
Earth Systems Chapter 6 Vocabulary
sediment
lithification
cementation
bedding
small pieces of rock that are moved and deposited by water
the physical and chemical processes that transform sediments…
process of sedimentary rock formation that occurs when dissol…
horizontal layering in sedimentary rock that can range from a…
sediment
small pieces of rock that are moved and deposited by water
lithification
the physical and chemical processes that transform sediments…
10 terms
Chapter 6 Earth System
the conversion of marginal rangeland o…
when a glacier retreats
during the most recent ice age how muc…
a streamlined assymetrical hill is com…
desertification
it is melting faster than the ice moves forward from the zone…
30 percent
drumlin
the conversion of marginal rangeland o…
desertification
when a glacier retreats
it is melting faster than the ice moves forward from the zone…
19 terms
Earth Systems Science Chapter 6
What is a volcano?
What is a magma?
What is lava?
What does magma contain?
a vent or opening in the earth which magma erupts as lava.
Molten rock underground
Molten rock on surface
Dissolved gasses that form bubbles as magma rises and decompr…
What is a volcano?
a vent or opening in the earth which magma erupts as lava.
What is a magma?
Molten rock underground
Earth Systems History: Chapter 6
In the controversy between Sedgwick's…
What is the main evidence that support…
Biozones
Chronostratigraphy
Murchison claimed that the Welsh rocks containing the earlies…
In the Russian platform, marine rocks are inerbedded with bot…
-Lower boundaries and upper boundaries are based on the range…
-recognizes age of rocks in relation to time; time parallel... -…
In the controversy between Sedgwick's…
Murchison claimed that the Welsh rocks containing the earlies…
What is the main evidence that support…
In the Russian platform, marine rocks are inerbedded with bot…
15 terms
Chapter 6 The "View Of Earth"
conic projection
Contour Line
equator
Fault Block Mountain
projections often used to produce maps of small areas. These…
lines on a map that connect points of equal elevation. Examin…
imaginary lines that run through the earth, halfway between t…
made of huge tilted blocks that are separated from surroundin…
conic projection
projections often used to produce maps of small areas. These…
Contour Line
lines on a map that connect points of equal elevation. Examin…
15 terms
Science Chapter 6 - The Sun-Earth-Moon System
sphere
ellipse
axis
solstice
a round, three-dimensional object
an elongated, closed curve
the imaginary vertical line around which Earth spins
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
sphere
a round, three-dimensional object
ellipse
an elongated, closed curve
18 terms
Chapter 6 The Sun - Earth - Moon System
Rotation (Day/Night)
Revolution (Year)
Ellipse
Equinoxes
The spinning of the Earth on it's axis
Earth's yearly orbit around the sun
An elongated, closed curve
Occurs when the Sun is directly above Earth's equator
Rotation (Day/Night)
The spinning of the Earth on it's axis
Revolution (Year)
Earth's yearly orbit around the sun
30 terms
Chapter 6 "the sun-earth-moon system vocabulary
Umbra
Tropic of capricorn
Tropic of cancer
Penumbra
Darkest portion of the moon shadow ; a region of complete sha…
Line of latitude 23.5 south of the equator
Line of latitude 23.5 north of the equator
A lighter cast on earths surface; fringe region of partial sh…
Umbra
Darkest portion of the moon shadow ; a region of complete sha…
Tropic of capricorn
Line of latitude 23.5 south of the equator
18 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks; forms mou…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
tension
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
16 terms
Chapter 6 - Sun, Earth, and Moon Systems
orbit
sphere
axis
rotation
curved path followed by a satellite as it revolves around an…
a round, three dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of the e…
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis
orbit
curved path followed by a satellite as it revolves around an…
sphere
a round, three dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
20 terms
Chapter 6 The Earth System Vocab
Ablation zone
Accumulation zone
Active Layer
Basal shear stress
The lower part of a glacier where more snow melts during the…
The upper (colder) part of a glacier where more snow accumula…
The top layer of permafrost (at the surface) that alternately…
The stress applied parallel to the slope at the bed of a glac…
Ablation zone
The lower part of a glacier where more snow melts during the…
Accumulation zone
The upper (colder) part of a glacier where more snow accumula…
25 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
29 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 6
catastrophism
uniformitarianism
Hutton
glacier
theory that geological changes are sudden and violent (earthq…
theory that geological changes are gradual and slow (continen…
founder of uniformitarianism theory
compressed layers of snow that move and flow slowly under the…
catastrophism
theory that geological changes are sudden and violent (earthq…
uniformitarianism
theory that geological changes are gradual and slow (continen…
10 terms
Chapter 6 Earthquakes Earth Science
Aftershock
earthquake
fault zone
seismic gap
tremor that follows and is smaller than a major earthquake
vibration of the earth's crust
group of interconnected earthquakes
earthquake zone no activity
Aftershock
tremor that follows and is smaller than a major earthquake
earthquake
vibration of the earth's crust
25 terms
Chapter 6: The Sun-Earth-Moon System
What is a spring tide?
What is a tide?
How many parts of a shadow are there?
What is the dark central part of a sha…
occur at new and full moons, and have the highest high tides…
a tide is a daily rise and fall of sea level
2
umbra
What is a spring tide?
occur at new and full moons, and have the highest high tides…
What is a tide?
a tide is a daily rise and fall of sea level
30 terms
Earth Science chapter 6 review
landform
plains
elevation
plateaus
natural feature of a land's surface
large, relatively flat areas... 50% of US
distance above or below sea level... sea level is 0
relatively flat, raised areas of land... example: Colorado Plateau
landform
natural feature of a land's surface
plains
large, relatively flat areas... 50% of US
19 terms
Earth System Science Chapter 6
Two Basic types of rock dating
Relative Dating
Absolute Dating
Principle of Faunal and Floral Success…
Relative Dating and Absolute Dating
based on the evolution of life throughout Earth's history
uses the known decay rates of radioactive isotopes to determi…
created by William Smith; recognizes that groups of plant and…
Two Basic types of rock dating
Relative Dating and Absolute Dating
Relative Dating
based on the evolution of life throughout Earth's history
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 Vocab
Rock Cycle
Bowen's Reaction Series
Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
Bowen's Reaction Series
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
28 terms
Earth Science chapter 6
Gradient
stream channel
Discharge
tributary
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
the course the water in a stream follows.
a stream is the volume of water flowing past a certain point…
a stream that empties into another stream.
Gradient
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
stream channel
the course the water in a stream follows.
19 terms
Chapter 6 Sun, Earth, and Moon
Rotation
Revolution
Ellipse
Equinoxes
The spinning of Earth on its axis.
Earths yearly orbit around the sun.
(Earths orbit) An elongated closed curve.
Occurs when the Sun is directly above Earths Equator.
Rotation
The spinning of Earth on its axis.
Revolution
Earths yearly orbit around the sun.
25 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
Water cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
The process in which plants release water into the atmosphere.
The slope of a stream over a certain distance.
Water cycle
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
34 terms
Chapter 6: Earth's History
absolute age
angular uncomformaties
anomaly
bedrock
The actual age of a rock or an event
consist of tilted, folded, or faulted rocks which have been e…
when something does not fit the normal pattern it is called a…
the solid, unbroken rock of the crust ... (unweathered)
absolute age
The actual age of a rock or an event
angular uncomformaties
consist of tilted, folded, or faulted rocks which have been e…
28 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
Gradient
stream channel
Discharge
tributary
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
the course the water in a stream follows.
a stream is the volume of water flowing past a certain point…
a stream that empties into another stream.
Gradient
the slope or steepness of a stream channel.
stream channel
the course the water in a stream follows.
349 terms
Chapter 6: Earthquakes and the Earth's Interior
The instrument that monitors seismic w…
The probability that an earthquake can…
The _______________scale is used to de…
____________result from sudden movemen…
seismograph
earthquake risk
moment magnitude
earthquakes
The instrument that monitors seismic w…
seismograph
The probability that an earthquake can…
earthquake risk
12 terms
Chapter 6 vocabulary: Earth and Space
ellipse
rotation
constellation
revolution
a shape that is like a circle stretched out in opposite direc…
spinning of a planet, moon, or star around on its axis
star pattern
movement of one object around another
ellipse
a shape that is like a circle stretched out in opposite direc…
rotation
spinning of a planet, moon, or star around on its axis
16 terms
Chapter 6- The Sun-Earth-Moon System
sphere
axis
rotation
revolution
a round, three dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the Sun
sphere
a round, three dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
axis
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
30 terms
chapter 6 sun earth moon system
orbit
sphere
axis
rotation
the path taken by an object revolving around another
a round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
spinning of Earth and its imaginary axis, which takes about 2…
orbit
the path taken by an object revolving around another
sphere
a round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6: Running Water and Ground Water
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
the process where plants absorb water through the roots and t…
the slope of a stream over a certain distance
Water Cycle
the constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphe…
Infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
20 terms
Chapter 6 Earth & Space
rock
mineral
igneous rock
intrusive
a solid material made of minerals that forms the Earth's crust
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
rock that forms when molten rock cools and hardens
a type of igneous rock that generally contains large crystals…
rock
a solid material made of minerals that forms the Earth's crust
mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
17 terms
Chapter 6: Earth quakes
After Shock
Earth quake
Elastic Rebound Theory
Epicenter
Aftershocks are earthquakes that follow the largest shock of…
Vibration of the earth's crust.
Rocks that are stained past a certain point will fracture and…
Point on the earth's surface directly above the focus of an e…
After Shock
Aftershocks are earthquakes that follow the largest shock of…
Earth quake
Vibration of the earth's crust.
17 terms
Earth chapter 6
Rock cycle
Bowens reaction
Igneous rock
Intrusive igneous rock
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Describes the crystallization of magma.
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Bowens reaction
Describes the crystallization of magma.
19 terms
chapter 6 the sun-earth- moon system
orbit
sphere
axis
rotation
the path taken by an object revolving around another.
a round,three-dimensional object whose surface is the same di…
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis,which takes about 24…
orbit
the path taken by an object revolving around another.
sphere
a round,three-dimensional object whose surface is the same di…
18 terms
Chapter 6: Clue's to Earth's Past
Fossil
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Carbon Film
preserved remains or evidence of ancient living things
the idea that conditions and organisms on Earth change in qui…
a principle that states that geologic processes that occur to…
the fossilized carbon outline of an organism or part of an or…
Fossil
preserved remains or evidence of ancient living things
Catastrophism
the idea that conditions and organisms on Earth change in qui…
30 terms
Chapter 6 sun, earth, and moon system
Umbra
Tropic of Capricorn
Tropic of Cancer
Penumbra
darkest portion of the Moon's shadow; a region of complete sh…
line of latitude 23.5 degrees south of the equator
line of latitude 23.5 degrees north of the equator
a lighter shadow cast on Earth's; fringe region of particular…
Umbra
darkest portion of the Moon's shadow; a region of complete sh…
Tropic of Capricorn
line of latitude 23.5 degrees south of the equator
11 terms
Science Chapter 6, Rapid Changes on Earth
Creep
Earthquake
Epicenter
Fault
Slow movement of land along a fault.
A sudden movement of part of Earth's crust.
Where an earthquake is felt most strongly or has its greatest…
A crack in Earth's crust.
Creep
Slow movement of land along a fault.
Earthquake
A sudden movement of part of Earth's crust.
16 terms
chapter 6 earth
delta
deposition
erosion
process
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river f…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
A series of related events that follow in sequence from a par…
delta
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river f…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Chapter 6 Earth's Changing Surface
contour lines
crust
topographic map
erosion
they connect points on a map that have the same elevation
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
A map that shows the Earth surface features and their elevati…
Is the carrying away of sediment
contour lines
they connect points on a map that have the same elevation
crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
14 terms
Chapter 6 Earth's Ecosystems
ecosystem
biotic factors
abiotic factors
biome
all the different living and nonliving things in an area
any living part of an ecosystem
the nonliving part of an ecosystem
an area with similar climate and life
ecosystem
all the different living and nonliving things in an area
biotic factors
any living part of an ecosystem
15 terms
Chapter 6: Views of Earth
conic projection
contour line
equator
fault-block mountain
map made by projecting points and lines from a globe onto a c…
line on a map that connects points of equal elevation.
imaginary line that wraps around the Earth at 0 degrees latit…
mountains formed from huge, tilted blocks of rock that are se…
conic projection
map made by projecting points and lines from a globe onto a c…
contour line
line on a map that connects points of equal elevation.
16 terms
Chapter 6 Vocabulary - Changes to Earth's Surface
Core
Crust
Deposition
Earthquake
The layer of Earth that extends from Earth's center to the bo…
The thin, outermost layer of Earth, which includes both dry l…
The dropping or settling of eroded materials
A vibration in Earth's crust, caused by the release of energy…
Core
The layer of Earth that extends from Earth's center to the bo…
Crust
The thin, outermost layer of Earth, which includes both dry l…
16 terms
earth science chapter 6
sediment
lithification
cementation
bedding
a residue that settles in the bottom of something
The process that converts sediments into solid rock by compac…
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces be…
layers of clearly defined different types of rock
sediment
a residue that settles in the bottom of something
lithification
The process that converts sediments into solid rock by compac…
27 terms
Chapter 6 Inside the Restless Earth on Volcanoes
Volcano
Pahoehoe
Pillow Lava
Blocky Lava
Is a mountain that forms when molten rock called magma is for…
Slow flowing lava that looks glassy and rounded with wrinkles…
Forms when lava erupts underwater. It forms rounded lumps tha…
Is so thick in consistency that it barely creeps along the gr…
Volcano
Is a mountain that forms when molten rock called magma is for…
Pahoehoe
Slow flowing lava that looks glassy and rounded with wrinkles…
25 terms
BJU Earth Science chapter 6
Aftershocks
mountain ranges
San Andreas Fault
strike-slip
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
Most major faults in the United states are found in
What is the name of the longest strike -slip fault in souther…
a transform fault
Aftershocks
secondary, smaller earthquakes that result from a major earth…
mountain ranges
Most major faults in the United states are found in
20 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 6
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks; forms mou…
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
stress
a force that acts on rocks causing plate movement
tension
rocks under stress being pulled and stretched; rocks becomes…
32 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
annular eclipse
apogee
Baily's beads
crater
An eclipse of the sun in which a ring of sunlight shows aroun…
The point farthest from the earth in the orbit of the moon or…
Bright pinpoints of sunlight that appear briefly during a tot…
A round depression in the surface of the moon or other astron…
annular eclipse
An eclipse of the sun in which a ring of sunlight shows aroun…
apogee
The point farthest from the earth in the orbit of the moon or…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Mass Wasting
Breakdown of sediments
Movement of sediments
Build up of sediments
Downhill movement of a large mass of rocks or soil due to the…
Weathering
Breakdown of sediments
Erosion
Movement of sediments
1 of 10