Study sets matching "earthquakes earthquakes volcanoes guide"

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Study sets matching "earthquakes earthquakes volcanoes guide"

23 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
28 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes study guide
Describe Convergent boundary and stres…
Describe Divergent boundary and stress…
Describe Transform boundary and the st…
What is the mid-ocean ridge and what t…
Plates are moving towards one another or colliding (COMPRESSI…
Plates moving apart (TENSION) creates rift zones
Plates sliding horizontally past one another (SHEARING) cause…
Long under sea mountain chain that forms along the floor of t…
Describe Convergent boundary and stres…
Plates are moving towards one another or colliding (COMPRESSI…
Describe Divergent boundary and stress…
Plates moving apart (TENSION) creates rift zones
34 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
lithosphere
Cinder Cone
Shield Cone
Composite Cone
The solid part of the Earth, it is made up of the crust and u…
A type of volcano that is small with steep sides and violent…
A type of volcano that has a wide base and fairly steep sides…
This is the most dangerous type of volcano because it is so u…
lithosphere
The solid part of the Earth, it is made up of the crust and u…
Cinder Cone
A type of volcano that is small with steep sides and violent…
earthquakes and volcanoes study guide
Stress
Strain
Tension
Compression
Pressure applied to a rock(types: tension, compression, shear)
Deformation in a material under stress
movement: rocks are pulled apart... found at: divergent plate bo…
movement: rocks pushed together ... found at: convergent plate b…
Stress
Pressure applied to a rock(types: tension, compression, shear)
Strain
Deformation in a material under stress
21 terms
Study Guide: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earthquake
Epicenter
Fault
Focus
Movement of the ground that occurs when rocks inside Earth pa…
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake focus.
Fracture that occurs when rocks break and that results in rel…
Point deep inside Earth where energy is released, causing an…
Earthquake
Movement of the ground that occurs when rocks inside Earth pa…
Epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake focus.
22 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dike
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
a volcanic feature formed when lava flows across layers of ro…
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
23 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
21 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the main cause of volcanoes an…
What is an anticline?
What is a syncline?
Why do scientists expect earthquakes t…
The movement of tectonic plates
A fold in a rock that bends up
A fold in a rock that bends down
It is at a transform boundary, which commonly has earthquakes
What is the main cause of volcanoes an…
The movement of tectonic plates
What is an anticline?
A fold in a rock that bends up
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
21 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
23 terms
Earthquakes Volcanoes Study Guide
Seismic wave
Cinder cone
Earthquake
Tsunami
wave that passes through Earth
small, steep volcano with a cone made of tephra
vibrations that occur when rocks break due to stress
seismic sea wave
Seismic wave
wave that passes through Earth
Cinder cone
small, steep volcano with a cone made of tephra
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Lava
Earthquake
Fault Line
Crust
Magma once it has erupted from a volcano
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, caused by built u…
Cracks in the Earth's crust, which can be at a boundary betwe…
The outer layer of the Earth, composed of tectonic plates.
Lava
Magma once it has erupted from a volcano
Earthquake
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, caused by built u…
14 terms
Study Guide for Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Seismic Waves
Focus
Epicenter
Lava
Vibrations that travel through earth's layers carrying energy…
The point below earth's surface where rock under stress begin…
Point on earth's surface directly above the focus
Hot, molten rock that has erupted from a volcano
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through earth's layers carrying energy…
Focus
The point below earth's surface where rock under stress begin…
29 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Divergent
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
Molten, liquid rock that comes out onto the crust
plate boundaries the move away from each other - can create r…
Volcano
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Magma
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
11 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Earthquakes
Seismic
Waves
Focus
a sudden shaking of the ground caused by the movement of rock…
having to do with earthquakes or earth vibrations.
a disturbance caused by a vibration; Waves travel away from t…
the exact location, under the earth's surface, where an earth…
Earthquakes
a sudden shaking of the ground caused by the movement of rock…
Seismic
having to do with earthquakes or earth vibrations.
Earthquakes and volcanoes study guide
Volcano
Earthquake
Magma
Lava
A vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes,…
Something that is severely disruptive; upheaval.
Hot, molten rock below earth's surface.
Magma that reaches earth's surface and flows out of a vent.
Volcano
A vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes,…
Earthquake
Something that is severely disruptive; upheaval.
25 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What type of boundaries cause frequent…
Define Earthquake
The conduit is where molten material g…
this is the part of the volcano where…
Transform Fault
the movement of earths crust resulting in the release of buil…
erupted
vent
What type of boundaries cause frequent…
Transform Fault
Define Earthquake
the movement of earths crust resulting in the release of buil…
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Volcano
Dormant
Shield Volcano
Composite volcano
any place where gas, ash, or melted rock come out of the ground
they have not erupted in a long time
have a broad base and gently sloping sides. They cover a wide…
alternating layers of shield eruptions and cinder eruptions.…
Volcano
any place where gas, ash, or melted rock come out of the ground
Dormant
they have not erupted in a long time
13 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
The_____________ is the point in Earth…
A rift is caused by ______________
The next card is a type of volcano we…
The next card is a type of volcano we…
Focus
sea floor spreading
Shield volcano -
The_____________ is the point in Earth…
Focus
A rift is caused by ______________
sea floor spreading
13 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Describe what causes earthquakes
In which layer of Earth do most earthq…
What are the two types of seismic waves
How do P-waves move through the ground
The plate boundaries getting pushed together and releasing se…
lithosphere
p-waves and seismetic waves
the move straight while getting in clumps
Describe what causes earthquakes
The plate boundaries getting pushed together and releasing se…
In which layer of Earth do most earthq…
lithosphere
Earthquake and Volcanoes Study Guide
crust
mantle
1. inner core 2. outer core 3. mantle…
inner core
The ocean floor is in the ________.
Lava comes from the ________.
Order the earth's layers in order from hottest to coolest : o…
Which of earth's layers is the hottest?
crust
The ocean floor is in the ________.
mantle
Lava comes from the ________.
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Fault
Focus
Aftershock
P wave
break in earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other
the point benneth earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake
type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground
Fault
break in earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other
Focus
the point benneth earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
32 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
earthquake
seismic waves
stress
fault block
Sudden release of energy in Earth's crust that creates seismi…
Waves of energy that travel through Earth's layers. Typically…
Forces applied to rocks along a fault.
Large blocks of rock created by tectonic forces in the Earth.
earthquake
Sudden release of energy in Earth's crust that creates seismi…
seismic waves
Waves of energy that travel through Earth's layers. Typically…
15 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Continental drift
Seafloor spreading
Plate tectonics
Convergent boundary
Land masses have shifted into 7 continents on earths surface
new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and the…
Earth's outer shell is divided into several plates that glide…
a region where two (or more) tectonic plates move TOWARD one…
Continental drift
Land masses have shifted into 7 continents on earths surface
Seafloor spreading
new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and the…
Earthquakes and Volcanoes study guide
At transform boundaries , earthquakes…
At divergent boundaries, earthquakes a…
At convergent boundaries earthquakes a…
Divergent plate boundaries create fiss…
Strike-slip
Normal
Reverse
Shield
At transform boundaries , earthquakes…
Strike-slip
At divergent boundaries, earthquakes a…
Normal
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Fault
Shield Cone Volcano
Composite Cone Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
medium sized volcano, steep sides and mountain like, made of…
smallest volcano, steep sides, radial symmetry, made of ash a…
Fault
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
Shield Cone Volcano
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
18 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Magma
Pyroclastic flow
4 layers of the earth
Earthquake
Molten rock BENEATH the earth's surface
Cloud of ash, cinders and gases during a volcanic eruption
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
A sudden, violent movement within the earth's crust
Magma
Molten rock BENEATH the earth's surface
Pyroclastic flow
Cloud of ash, cinders and gases during a volcanic eruption
38 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
What is an Earthquake?
Fault
Where do most earthquakes and volcanoe…
Subduction
Vibrations in the ground resulting from movements along faults
Break in the ground along which there is movement
Along plate boundaries
When an ocean plate sinks into the mantle
What is an Earthquake?
Vibrations in the ground resulting from movements along faults
Fault
Break in the ground along which there is movement
18 terms
earthquakes and volcanoes
P-Waves
S-Waves
Tsunami
Focus
The fastest wave generated by an earthquake and the first to…
A wave generated by an earthquake and the second to be record…
A giant Ocean wave that often occurs after a major earthquake…
Area along a fault at which slippage first occurs, initiating…
P-Waves
The fastest wave generated by an earthquake and the first to…
S-Waves
A wave generated by an earthquake and the second to be record…
22 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Tectonic Plates
Lava Flow
Earthquakes
Fault
theory that Earth's surface is broken into large, rigid piece…
Long stream of molten rock
Vibrations caused by the rupture and sudden movement of rocks…
A crack or fracture in Earth's lithosphere along with movemen…
Tectonic Plates
theory that Earth's surface is broken into large, rigid piece…
Lava Flow
Long stream of molten rock
39 terms
Study Guide - Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Volcano
Lava
Magma
Vent
An opening in the earth that erupts gases, ash... and lava.
Magma that has reached the Earth's Surface
Rock deep within Earth
The opening through which lava erupts
Volcano
An opening in the earth that erupts gases, ash... and lava.
Lava
Magma that has reached the Earth's Surface
Earthquakes/Volcanoes
Primary (P) Waves
Secondary (S) Waves
Surface Waves
Mercalli Scale
Compress and expand the ground
vibrate side to side and/or up and down but not in liquids
P and S waves move slower after becoming surface waves
12 step scale that measures the amount of damage
Primary (P) Waves
Compress and expand the ground
Secondary (S) Waves
vibrate side to side and/or up and down but not in liquids
24 terms
Earthquakes and volcanos study guide
Secondary waves
Seismologists
P-waves and S-waves
Primary waves
They cause particles to move up and down at right angles rela…
Scientists that study earthquakes
Change speed and direction depending on the material they tra…
Cause particles in the ground to move in a push pull motion s…
Secondary waves
They cause particles to move up and down at right angles rela…
Seismologists
Scientists that study earthquakes
Earthquakes and Volcanos Study Guide
Seismology
fault
deformation
elastic rebound
is the study of earthquakes and seismic waves that move throu…
mistake
land moving different
theory is an explanation for how energy is spread during eart…
Seismology
is the study of earthquakes and seismic waves that move throu…
fault
mistake
38 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
active
continental drift
continental shelf
convection
in terms of volcanoes, a volcano that has erupted during reco…
the theory that the continents had once been one big continen…
a relatively shallow area of the ocean, usually less than 200…
the heat transfer in a fluid in which hot fluid rises and col…
active
in terms of volcanoes, a volcano that has erupted during reco…
continental drift
the theory that the continents had once been one big continen…
24 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earthquake
Seismic waves
P waves
S waves
the release of energy along a fault or plate boundary.
the energy released during an Earthquake.
The first wave to arrive during an Earthquake. This wave has…
The second wave to arrive during an Earthquake. This wave onl…
Earthquake
the release of energy along a fault or plate boundary.
Seismic waves
the energy released during an Earthquake.
11 terms
volcanoes & earthquakes
plates
fault
epicenter
Richter scale
One of the sheets of rock that make up the earth's outer crust
A large crack in the earth's surface that can cause earthquak…
The area directly above the place where an earthquake occurs.
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
plates
One of the sheets of rock that make up the earth's outer crust
fault
A large crack in the earth's surface that can cause earthquak…
33 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earthquake
Volcano
seismic waves
p-waves
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudde…
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Primary waves, can travel through liquid, solid, and gas. The…
Earthquake
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudde…
Volcano
A vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
A device that records ground movement
The measurement of an earthquake's str…
A force that acts on a rock
Fault
Seismograph
Magnitude
Stress
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
Fault
A device that records ground movement
Seismograph
15 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Seismic activity
Primary waves
Secondary waves
Long waves
The types, frequency, and size of earthquakes that happen ove…
These waves are the fastest traveling seismic waves and can t…
Is a wave motion in a solid medium where the medium moves per…
Are surface waves created by earthquakes. They are the slowes…
Seismic activity
The types, frequency, and size of earthquakes that happen ove…
Primary waves
These waves are the fastest traveling seismic waves and can t…
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Fault
Earthquake
Hot spot
Ring of Fire
A crack or break in Earth's crust.
The release of stored energy in the form of seismic waves.
An area in the mantle from which heat rises in the form of a…
The most active volcanic belt on Earth caused by subducting p…
Fault
A crack or break in Earth's crust.
Earthquake
The release of stored energy in the form of seismic waves.
17 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Lava
Magma
Shield Volcano
Cinder-cone Volcano
Magma that has reached the Earth's surface
Hot melted rock below the earth's surface
Has a broad base and erupts thinner fluid that spreads over l…
Built by thick lava that is grown high into air and falls in…
Lava
Magma that has reached the Earth's surface
Magma
Hot melted rock below the earth's surface
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
13 terms
Volcanoes / Earthquakes
Ring of Fire
Hot Spot
Shield Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
wide, gently sloping mountain built up of many layers of lava
steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain, made up of layers…
Ring of Fire
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Hot Spot
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
25 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
volcano
earthquake
P-wave
S-wave
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Ea…
the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resultin…
squeeze and pull rocks in the same direction along which the…
cause rocks to move at right angles in relation to the direct…
volcano
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Ea…
earthquake
the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, resultin…
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
aftershock
body wave
caldera
crater
small earthquakes that release excess energy after the main e…
any waves of energy moving through the earth from the focus
left over sunken opening created after volcanoes erupt
bowl-like opening at the top of a volcano
aftershock
small earthquakes that release excess energy after the main e…
body wave
any waves of energy moving through the earth from the focus
10 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Fault
Stress
Focus
Tsunami
A break in the earth's crust
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
A huge destructive wave (especially one caused by an earthqua…
Fault
A break in the earth's crust
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
52 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
40 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Convergent Plate Boundary
Mid-Atlantic ridge
Convergent Plate Boundary
Subduction
this is where Pangea broke apart
occurs when 2 plates collide
a process where one lithospheric plate sinks into the mantle
Convergent Plate Boundary
Mid-Atlantic ridge
this is where Pangea broke apart
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