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Study sets matching "earthquakes earthquakes volcanoes guide"

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Study sets matching "earthquakes earthquakes volcanoes guide"

23 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
28 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes study guide
Describe Convergent boundary and stres…
Describe Divergent boundary and stress…
Describe Transform boundary and the st…
What is the mid-ocean ridge and what t…
Plates are moving towards one another or colliding (COMPRESSI…
Plates moving apart (TENSION) creates rift zones
Plates sliding horizontally past one another (SHEARING) cause…
Long under sea mountain chain that forms along the floor of t…
Describe Convergent boundary and stres…
Plates are moving towards one another or colliding (COMPRESSI…
Describe Divergent boundary and stress…
Plates moving apart (TENSION) creates rift zones
27 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Volcano
Dormant
Shield Volcano
Composite volcano
any place where gas, ash, or melted rock come out of the ground
they have not erupted in a long time
have a broad base and gently sloping sides. They cover a wide…
alternating layers of shield eruptions and cinder eruptions.…
Volcano
any place where gas, ash, or melted rock come out of the ground
Dormant
they have not erupted in a long time
18 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Magma
Pyroclastic flow
4 layers of the earth
Earthquake
Molten rock BENEATH the earth's surface
Cloud of ash, cinders and gases during a volcanic eruption
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
A sudden, violent movement within the earth's crust
Magma
Molten rock BENEATH the earth's surface
Pyroclastic flow
Cloud of ash, cinders and gases during a volcanic eruption
23 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
21 terms
Study Guide: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earthquake
Epicenter
Fault
Focus
Movement of the ground that occurs when rocks inside Earth pa…
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake focus.
Fracture that occurs when rocks break and that results in rel…
Point deep inside Earth where energy is released, causing an…
Earthquake
Movement of the ground that occurs when rocks inside Earth pa…
Epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake focus.
22 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dike
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
a volcanic feature formed when lava flows across layers of ro…
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
23 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
23 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the safest thing to do during…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
What are P Waves? What types of materi…
What are surface waves?
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
Type of seismic (body) wave , also called primary waves. They…
Surface waves make the ground move up and down, causing the m…
What is the safest thing to do during…
Get under the strongest table, chair, or other piece of furni…
What are S Waves? What types of materi…
Type of seismic (body) wave, also called secondary waves. The…
21 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the main cause of volcanoes an…
What is an anticline?
What is a syncline?
Why do scientists expect earthquakes t…
The movement of tectonic plates
A fold in a rock that bends up
A fold in a rock that bends down
It is at a transform boundary, which commonly has earthquakes
What is the main cause of volcanoes an…
The movement of tectonic plates
What is an anticline?
A fold in a rock that bends up
7 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Lava
Earthquake
Fault Line
Crust
Magma once it has erupted from a volcano
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, caused by built u…
Cracks in the Earth's crust, which can be at a boundary betwe…
The outer layer of the Earth, composed of tectonic plates.
Lava
Magma once it has erupted from a volcano
Earthquake
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, caused by built u…
21 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
23 terms
Earthquakes Volcanoes Study Guide
Seismic wave
Cinder cone
Earthquake
Tsunami
wave that passes through Earth
small, steep volcano with a cone made of tephra
vibrations that occur when rocks break due to stress
seismic sea wave
Seismic wave
wave that passes through Earth
Cinder cone
small, steep volcano with a cone made of tephra
20 terms
Earthquake and Volcanoes Study Guide
crust
mantle
1. inner core 2. outer core 3. mantle…
inner core
The ocean floor is in the ________.
Lava comes from the ________.
Order the earth's layers in order from hottest to coolest : o…
Which of earth's layers is the hottest?
crust
The ocean floor is in the ________.
mantle
Lava comes from the ________.
29 terms
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Divergent
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
Molten, liquid rock that comes out onto the crust
plate boundaries the move away from each other - can create r…
Volcano
mountain that forms when molten rock (magma) is forced to the…
Magma
Molten, liquid rock in the mantle of the Earth
34 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
lithosphere
Cinder Cone
Shield Cone
Composite Cone
The solid part of the Earth, it is made up of the crust and u…
A type of volcano that is small with steep sides and violent…
A type of volcano that has a wide base and fairly steep sides…
This is the most dangerous type of volcano because it is so u…
lithosphere
The solid part of the Earth, it is made up of the crust and u…
Cinder Cone
A type of volcano that is small with steep sides and violent…
14 terms
Study Guide for Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Seismic Waves
Focus
Epicenter
Lava
Vibrations that travel through earth's layers carrying energy…
The point below earth's surface where rock under stress begin…
Point on earth's surface directly above the focus
Hot, molten rock that has erupted from a volcano
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through earth's layers carrying energy…
Focus
The point below earth's surface where rock under stress begin…
32 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
earthquake
seismic waves
stress
fault block
Sudden release of energy in Earth's crust that creates seismi…
Waves of energy that travel through Earth's layers. Typically…
Forces applied to rocks along a fault.
Large blocks of rock created by tectonic forces in the Earth.
earthquake
Sudden release of energy in Earth's crust that creates seismi…
seismic waves
Waves of energy that travel through Earth's layers. Typically…
16 terms
Earthquakes and volcanoes study guide
Volcano
Earthquake
Magma
Lava
A vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes,…
Something that is severely disruptive; upheaval.
Hot, molten rock below earth's surface.
Magma that reaches earth's surface and flows out of a vent.
Volcano
A vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes,…
Earthquake
Something that is severely disruptive; upheaval.
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Fault
Shield Cone Volcano
Composite Cone Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
medium sized volcano, steep sides and mountain like, made of…
smallest volcano, steep sides, radial symmetry, made of ash a…
Fault
a break along which there is motion; earthquake-vibrations ge…
Shield Cone Volcano
largest type of volcano, made from basaltic lava, broad gentl…
34 terms
Study Guide: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
subduction
shearing
focus
surface wave
-oceanic crust sinks beneath a DOT, back into the mantle at a…
-stress that pushes rock in opposite directions, sideways
-point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress…
-seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves reach Earth…
subduction
-oceanic crust sinks beneath a DOT, back into the mantle at a…
shearing
-stress that pushes rock in opposite directions, sideways
25 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
What type of boundaries cause frequent…
Define Earthquake
The conduit is where molten material g…
this is the part of the volcano where…
Transform Fault
the movement of earths crust resulting in the release of buil…
erupted
vent
What type of boundaries cause frequent…
Transform Fault
Define Earthquake
the movement of earths crust resulting in the release of buil…
15 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Continental drift
Seafloor spreading
Plate tectonics
Convergent boundary
Land masses have shifted into 7 continents on earths surface
new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and the…
Earth's outer shell is divided into several plates that glide…
a region where two (or more) tectonic plates move TOWARD one…
Continental drift
Land masses have shifted into 7 continents on earths surface
Seafloor spreading
new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and the…
24 terms
Earthquakes and volcanos study guide
Secondary waves
Seismologists
P-waves and S-waves
Primary waves
They cause particles to move up and down at right angles rela…
Scientists that study earthquakes
Change speed and direction depending on the material they tra…
Cause particles in the ground to move in a push pull motion s…
Secondary waves
They cause particles to move up and down at right angles rela…
Seismologists
Scientists that study earthquakes
39 terms
Study Guide - Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Volcano
Lava
Magma
Vent
An opening in the earth that erupts gases, ash... and lava.
Magma that has reached the Earth's Surface
Rock deep within Earth
The opening through which lava erupts
Volcano
An opening in the earth that erupts gases, ash... and lava.
Lava
Magma that has reached the Earth's Surface
11 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Earthquakes
Seismic
Waves
Focus
a sudden shaking of the ground caused by the movement of rock…
having to do with earthquakes or earth vibrations.
a disturbance caused by a vibration; Waves travel away from t…
the exact location, under the earth's surface, where an earth…
Earthquakes
a sudden shaking of the ground caused by the movement of rock…
Seismic
having to do with earthquakes or earth vibrations.
22 terms
Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Tectonic Plates
Lava Flow
Earthquakes
Fault
theory that Earth's surface is broken into large, rigid piece…
Long stream of molten rock
Vibrations caused by the rupture and sudden movement of rocks…
A crack or fracture in Earth's lithosphere along with movemen…
Tectonic Plates
theory that Earth's surface is broken into large, rigid piece…
Lava Flow
Long stream of molten rock
13 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Describe what causes earthquakes
In which layer of Earth do most earthq…
What are the two types of seismic waves
How do P-waves move through the ground
The plate boundaries getting pushed together and releasing se…
lithosphere
p-waves and seismetic waves
the move straight while getting in clumps
Describe what causes earthquakes
The plate boundaries getting pushed together and releasing se…
In which layer of Earth do most earthq…
lithosphere
25 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide
Fault
Focus
Aftershock
P wave
break in earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other
the point benneth earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake
type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground
Fault
break in earth's crust where slabs of rock slip past each other
Focus
the point benneth earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
34 terms
Study Guide: Earthquakes and Volcanoes
subduction
shearing
focus
surface wave
-oceanic crust sinks beneath a DOT, back into the mantle at a…
-stress that pushes rock in opposite directions, sideways
-point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress…
-seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves reach Earth…
subduction
-oceanic crust sinks beneath a DOT, back into the mantle at a…
shearing
-stress that pushes rock in opposite directions, sideways
22 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes study guide
At transform boundaries , earthquakes…
At divergent boundaries, earthquakes a…
At convergent boundaries earthquakes a…
Divergent plate boundaries create fiss…
Strike-slip
Normal
Reverse
Shield
At transform boundaries , earthquakes…
Strike-slip
At divergent boundaries, earthquakes a…
Normal
18 terms
earthquakes and volcanoes
P-Waves
S-Waves
Tsunami
Focus
The fastest wave generated by an earthquake and the first to…
A wave generated by an earthquake and the second to be record…
A giant Ocean wave that often occurs after a major earthquake…
Area along a fault at which slippage first occurs, initiating…
P-Waves
The fastest wave generated by an earthquake and the first to…
S-Waves
A wave generated by an earthquake and the second to be record…
18 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanos Study Guide
Seismology
fault
deformation
elastic rebound
is the study of earthquakes and seismic waves that move throu…
mistake
land moving different
theory is an explanation for how energy is spread during eart…
Seismology
is the study of earthquakes and seismic waves that move throu…
fault
mistake
42 terms
Earthquake and Volcanoes Study Guide
What is the difference between the foc…
Which seismic waves are the fastest? W…
Which seismic waves are known as body…
What is the P waves also known as? And…
The focus of an earthquake is the depth from the Earth's surf…
P waves; L waves
P and S waves; L waves
Primary wave (Body wave); All- solids, liquids, gases
What is the difference between the foc…
The focus of an earthquake is the depth from the Earth's surf…
Which seismic waves are the fastest? W…
P waves; L waves
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
A device that records ground movement
The measurement of an earthquake's str…
A force that acts on a rock
Fault
Seismograph
Magnitude
Stress
A break or crack in the Earth's crust
Fault
A device that records ground movement
Seismograph
21 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
14 terms
Earthquake & Volcano Study Guide
tension
types of stress
compression
shearing
tension stretches rock.
tension, compression and shearing
...
shearing can cause masses of rock to slip.
tension
tension stretches rock.
types of stress
tension, compression and shearing
15 terms
Earthquakes and Volcanoes Study Guide for Test
Use the Mercalli scale below to answer…
Which accurately describes the relatio…
The San Andreas Fault in Mexico and Ca…
Areas on Earth's surface that lie abov…
Magnitude 2
Earthquakes and volcanoes often are located where tectonic pl…
The San Andreas is a known major fault where pressure for lat…
Frequent earthquake activity.
Use the Mercalli scale below to answer…
Magnitude 2
Which accurately describes the relatio…
Earthquakes and volcanoes often are located where tectonic pl…
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
seismic waves
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano
dormant
the energy waves released by an earthquake
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
a volcano made of alternating layers of lava and cinder or ash
term used to describe a volcano that is not active
seismic waves
the energy waves released by an earthquake
cinder cone volcano
a volcano made of cinder (ashes) with steep sides and a bowl-…
13 terms
Volcanoes / Earthquakes
Ring of Fire
Hot Spot
Shield Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
wide, gently sloping mountain built up of many layers of lava
steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain, made up of layers…
Ring of Fire
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Hot Spot
area where magma rises and melts through the crust, reaching…
9 terms
earthquake and volcano study guide
hot spot
epicenter
pyroclastic flow
foot wall
A small area of the mantle that remains extremely hot for a l…
the point on earth's surface directly above the earthquake fo…
clouds of hot ash and tephra that can move at +100mph
the block of rock below a fault
hot spot
A small area of the mantle that remains extremely hot for a l…
epicenter
the point on earth's surface directly above the earthquake fo…
21 terms
Earthquakes/Volcanoes
Primary (P) Waves
Secondary (S) Waves
Surface Waves
Mercalli Scale
Compress and expand the ground
vibrate side to side and/or up and down but not in liquids
P and S waves move slower after becoming surface waves
12 step scale that measures the amount of damage
Primary (P) Waves
Compress and expand the ground
Secondary (S) Waves
vibrate side to side and/or up and down but not in liquids
12 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
earthquake
Richter Scale
epicenter
seismograph
the shaking that happens from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
the point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
a device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
earthquake
the shaking that happens from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Richter Scale
a scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the siz…
33 terms
Volcanoes & earthquakes
tectonic plate boundary
Magma
Lava
molten rock
Volcanoes and earthquakes can result from almost ANY ________…
_____ is molten rock that is inside the Earth.
_____ is molten rock on the surface of the Earth.
Volcanoes are formed from _____ ______ erupts, builds up and…
tectonic plate boundary
Volcanoes and earthquakes can result from almost ANY ________…
Magma
_____ is molten rock that is inside the Earth.
38 terms
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
What is an Earthquake?
Fault
Where do most earthquakes and volcanoe…
Subduction
Vibrations in the ground resulting from movements along faults
Break in the ground along which there is movement
Along plate boundaries
When an ocean plate sinks into the mantle
What is an Earthquake?
Vibrations in the ground resulting from movements along faults
Fault
Break in the ground along which there is movement
25 terms
Earthquakes and volcanoes
stress
deformation
compression
folding
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
A change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
the bending of rock layers due to stress
stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
deformation
A change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust
20 terms
Earthquake and volcano test guide
Mantle crust core
Plate tectonics
3 movements of plates
Which plate movement causes earthquakes
A.core B.mantle C.crust
A theroy of rock plates moving under the crust
☝. 👉👈. 👈👉... 👇
👆👇
Mantle crust core
A.core B.mantle C.crust
Plate tectonics
A theroy of rock plates moving under the crust
36 terms
EARTHQUAKES & VOLCANOES
earthquake
P-wave
S-wave
Surface wave
sudden movement of the earth's crust ... caused by the release o…
AKA compressional wave... fastest wave... particles of medium move…
AKA transverse wave... slower than P-waves... particles of medium v…
slowest of the earthquake waves... travel across the surface of…
earthquake
sudden movement of the earth's crust ... caused by the release o…
P-wave
AKA compressional wave... fastest wave... particles of medium move…
26 terms
Volcanoes/Earthquakes
Volcanism
Hot spot
Fissure
Vent
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
long crack in Earth's crust
opening in Earth's crust through which lava erupts and flows…
Volcanism
describes all the processes associated with the discharge of…
Hot spot
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
9 terms
Earthquake and Volcano Study guide
What is a Volcano?
How do volcanoes form?
What is the ring of fire?
What are the three most common types o…
A volcano is a vent in Earth's crust through which melted or…
Volcanos form by the tectonic plates underneath the Earth's s…
The Ring Of Fire is a group of volcanoes and plate boundaries…
Shield, Cinder cone, and Composite.
What is a Volcano?
A volcano is a vent in Earth's crust through which melted or…
How do volcanoes form?
Volcanos form by the tectonic plates underneath the Earth's s…
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