Study sets matching "earthquakes science"

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Study sets matching "earthquakes science"

20 terms
science earthquakes
tension
compression
shearing
normal fault
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
1. stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks ... 2. the…
stress that pushes masses of rocks in opposite directions, in…
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; cause…
tension
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
compression
1. stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks ... 2. the…
science earthquakes
fault
tension
compression
shearing
where two plates meet
the type of stress that occurs in divergent plates
the type of stress that occurs in convergent plates
the type of stress that occurs in transform plates
fault
where two plates meet
tension
the type of stress that occurs in divergent plates
49 terms
Science - Earthquakes
The shaking and trembling that results…
A force that acts on rock to change it…
Shearing, tension, and compression wor…
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in o…
Earthquake
Stress
What three types of stress work over millions of years to cha…
Shearing
The shaking and trembling that results…
Earthquake
A force that acts on rock to change it…
Stress
14 terms
science earthquakes
seismograph
earthquakes
p wave
s wave
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground.
A type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or s…
seismograph
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
earthquakes
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
26 terms
Science -Earthquakes
plates
faults
elastic
earthquake
forces cause sections of Earth's surface to move
when rocks break, they move along these surfaces
rocks break when stressed beyond this limit, move along the f…
the vibrations produced by the breaking of rock
plates
forces cause sections of Earth's surface to move
faults
when rocks break, they move along these surfaces
11 terms
Earthquakes-SCIENCE
Seismic Waves
Epicenter
Earthquake
Focus Point
waves of energy that are released during an earthquake
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of…
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
origin of the earthquake(below the surface)
Seismic Waves
waves of energy that are released during an earthquake
Epicenter
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of…
11 terms
Science earthquakes
epicenter
focus
S waves
P waves
the point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes sta…
the point inside the earth along a fault at which the first m…
Secondary or shear waves that travel the second fastest but c…
primary or pressure waves that travel the fastest through ALL…
epicenter
the point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes sta…
focus
the point inside the earth along a fault at which the first m…
Science Vocabulary - Earthquakes
earthquake
fault
P (primary) wave
S (secondary) waves
the shaking of the Earth as a result of tectonic plate movement
a break in Earth's crust where masses of rock slip past each…
a type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground…
seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up an…
earthquake
the shaking of the Earth as a result of tectonic plate movement
fault
a break in Earth's crust where masses of rock slip past each…
Science-Earthquakes
Causes earthquakes
Faults
Reverse Fault
Normal fault
moving of tectonic plates
cracks where pieces of the Earth's crust move past each other…
Convergent plate boundary, compressional force
Divergent plate boundary
Causes earthquakes
moving of tectonic plates
Faults
cracks where pieces of the Earth's crust move past each other…
17 terms
Earthquakes- Science
continental drift
convection
sea-floor topography
mid- ocean ridge
a theory that says that continents are slowly moving
when materials flow and make/ produce heat
how the sea floor looks like
a group of mountains that form where the plate tectonics move…
continental drift
a theory that says that continents are slowly moving
convection
when materials flow and make/ produce heat
27 terms
Science-earthquakes
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change it's shape or volume
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
stress
a force that acts on rock to change it's shape or volume
tension
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
28 terms
science earthquakes
where do earthquakes happen?
convergent plate boundary
divergent plate boundary
transform plate boundary
Earthquakes happen where tectonic plates meet
plates come together
plates pull apart
plates slide past each other sideways
where do earthquakes happen?
Earthquakes happen where tectonic plates meet
convergent plate boundary
plates come together
17 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Faults
Earthquakes
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
a pull-apart(tension) fracture in the rocks, where rocks that…
a compression fracture in the rocks, where rocks that are abo…
Faults
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
Earthquakes
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
13 terms
Science Earthquakes and Volcanoes
crust
core
mantle
(tectonic) plate
The outermost layer of the Earth.
The innermost layer of the Earth.
The middle of the Earth's three layers.
Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into continent- siz…
crust
The outermost layer of the Earth.
core
The innermost layer of the Earth.
5 terms
Science (earthquakes)
How do you find how far away the seism…
How do you find when the earthquake oc…
Can p and S waves travel through the s…
Difference in arrival time
The s wave subtracted by the p wave then slide and glide to f…
Find the km the S wave has traveled and then find the p wave…
No only S waves can travel through liquids and gases and only…
S minus p Wave
How do you find how far away the seism…
The s wave subtracted by the p wave then slide and glide to f…
How do you find when the earthquake oc…
Find the km the S wave has traveled and then find the p wave…
Earth Science: Earthquakes
focus
epicenter
seismic waves
primary waves
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
carry the energy of an earthquake away from the focus, throug…
Compress and expand or push and pull the ground like an accor…
focus
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
epicenter
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
36 terms
Science Earthquakes
P-wave
S-wave
Surface-wave
How do scientists know the inside of t…
- Travels through all layers of the earth... - Fastest body wave…
- Doesn't travel through liquid or outer core... - Body wave... - S…
- Horizontal... - Travels along the surface... - Rayleigh and Love…
-P-waves can travel through all the layers of the earth... - S-w…
P-wave
- Travels through all layers of the earth... - Fastest body wave…
S-wave
- Doesn't travel through liquid or outer core... - Body wave... - S…
12 terms
Science (earthquakes)
Richter scale
Elastic rebound theory
Focus
Epicenter
Based on energy released... Whole number, 10x... Stress builds up a…
Friction prevents motion between plates... Stress causes plates…
Point in the earth where energy is released
Point on earth directly above the focus on the surface
Richter scale
Based on energy released... Whole number, 10x... Stress builds up a…
Elastic rebound theory
Friction prevents motion between plates... Stress causes plates…
37 terms
CMS Earth Science Earthquakes
8,000
50
80
Focus
There are ________ earthquakes per day, worldwide
Most earthquakes begin within _______ miles from the Earth's…
___% of earthquakes occur in Pacific belt (Ring of Fire)
The point beneath the Earth's surface where rock breaks under…
8,000
There are ________ earthquakes per day, worldwide
50
Most earthquakes begin within _______ miles from the Earth's…
52 terms
science - EArthquakes
faults
elastic deformation
elastic limits
up, down, sideways
When rocks break they move along ___________.
Applied forces that cause rocks to break is called ________.
When ___ ___ are passed, rocks break
Rock on one side of a fault can move __ ___ and ___ in relati…
faults
When rocks break they move along ___________.
elastic deformation
Applied forces that cause rocks to break is called ________.
Science earthquakes
Focus
Seismic waves
P waves
S wave
point beneath earths surface where rock breaks under stress a…
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy re…
Type of seismic wave that compresses and expands ground
Type of seismic wave that more the ground up and down or side…
Focus
point beneath earths surface where rock breaks under stress a…
Seismic waves
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy re…
28 terms
The Science of Earthquakes
Continental Drift
Plate Tectonics
Plates
Movement
States that the continents have drifted and continue to drift…
The surface of the Earth is composed of about a dozen major r…
Oceanic and continental plates make up the earth's crust. The…
Plates ride on top of hot, flowing rock. They move because he…
Continental Drift
States that the continents have drifted and continue to drift…
Plate Tectonics
The surface of the Earth is composed of about a dozen major r…
24 terms
Science Earthquakes
Focus
Epicenter
Seismic Waves
What do seismic waves do?
The point beneath Earth;s surface where rock that is under st…
The point on the surface directly above the focus
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Seismic waves carry the energy of an earthquake away from the…
Focus
The point beneath Earth;s surface where rock that is under st…
Epicenter
The point on the surface directly above the focus
Science Earthquakes
faults
applied forces
rocks break
plates
When rocks break they move along _________.
What causes elastic deformation?
What happens when elastic limits are passed?
Faults occur because forces inside the Earth cause Earth's___…
faults
When rocks break they move along _________.
applied forces
What causes elastic deformation?
23 terms
Science - Earthquakes
earthquakes
fault
focus
epicenter
ground movements that occur when blocks of rock in earth move…
a crack that forms when large blocks break and move past each…
is a place within earth along a fault at which the motion of…
directly above to focus on earths surface
earthquakes
ground movements that occur when blocks of rock in earth move…
fault
a crack that forms when large blocks break and move past each…
29 terms
Science earthquakes
Whats seismology
Whats deformation
Whats Elastic rebound
Whats seismograph
To study earth quakes
The bending tilting and breaking of the earth's crust the cha…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
Whats seismology
To study earth quakes
Whats deformation
The bending tilting and breaking of the earth's crust the cha…
Chapter 4 Science Earthquakes
earthquake
focus
epicenter
P waves
the shaking and trembling that results from movement of rock…
the area beneath the Earth's surface where an earthquake occurs
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus
seismic waves that compress and expand, fastest waves
earthquake
the shaking and trembling that results from movement of rock…
focus
the area beneath the Earth's surface where an earthquake occurs
Earthquakes science
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic waves
Study of earthquakes
The bending and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
seismology
Study of earthquakes
deformation
The bending and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in…
31 terms
Science Earthquakes
Earthquake
Stress
Shearing
tension
is the shaking and trembling that results from the movement o…
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
Earthquake
is the shaking and trembling that results from the movement o…
Stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
10 terms
Science: Earthquakes
Earthquake
Epicenter
Focus
Amplitude
ground movement caused by the sudden release of energy stored…
point of the surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
point beneath the surface here rocks break and start an earth…
the height of a wave from the center to the top of a crest
Earthquake
ground movement caused by the sudden release of energy stored…
Epicenter
point of the surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
16 terms
Earthquakes (science)
Earthquake
Elastic Rebound
Focus
Epicenter
A movement or trembling of the ground
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock
The location within earth along a fault at which the first mo…
The point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes sta…
Earthquake
A movement or trembling of the ground
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock
Science earthquakes
earthquake
focus
epicenter
p wave
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground
earthquake
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
focus
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
12 terms
Science/earthquakes
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismographs
study of earthquakes
the bending/tilting/breaking of earths crust
sudden return of deformed rock to undeformed shape
an instrument in the ground that determines strength/location…
seismology
study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending/tilting/breaking of earths crust
15 terms
science earthquakes
strike slip fault
normal fault
tsunami
primary wave
break in rock caused by shear forces, where rocks move past e…
break in rock caused by tension forces, where rock above the…
seismic sea wave that begins over an earthquake focus and can…
seismic wave that moves rock particles back and forth in the…
strike slip fault
break in rock caused by shear forces, where rocks move past e…
normal fault
break in rock caused by tension forces, where rock above the…
17 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Faults
Earthquakes
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
a pull-apart(tension) fracture in the rocks, where rocks that…
a compression fracture in the rocks, where rocks that are abo…
Faults
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
Earthquakes
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
20 terms
Science Earthquakes
Tension
Compression
Shearing
Fault
pull apart
squeeze together
twist
break in rock caused by forces of compression or tension
Tension
pull apart
Compression
squeeze together
15 terms
earthquakes science
seismology
fault
deformation
elastic rebound
the study of earthquakes
a break in the Earths crust
the change in the shape of rock in response to stress
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its origina…
seismology
the study of earthquakes
fault
a break in the Earths crust
Science - Earthquakes
earthquake
stress
shearing
tension
shaking and trembling caused by movement of rock below Earth'…
force that acts on rock and causes it to change
mass of rock moves in two directions
stress force that squeezes rock
earthquake
shaking and trembling caused by movement of rock below Earth'…
stress
force that acts on rock and causes it to change
41 terms
Science Earthquakes
potential energy =
the four seismic waves are...
What are the three different scales fo…
p-wave speed
heat released... rocks break... seismic waves
p-waves... s-waves... love waves... rayleigh waves
Mercali scale... Richter scale... Moment Magnitude scale
fastest wave
potential energy =
heat released... rocks break... seismic waves
the four seismic waves are...
p-waves... s-waves... love waves... rayleigh waves
science earthquakes
stress
Shearing
tension
compression
Any force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
Type of stress that pushes rock in two opposite directions. O…
Type of stress that pulls on the crust stretching rock so tha…
Type of stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks. O…
stress
Any force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
Shearing
Type of stress that pushes rock in two opposite directions. O…
14 terms
SCIENCE- EARTHQUAKES
Earthquake
Tsunami
Location of Epicenter and Hypocenter
Hypocenter
is the shaking and trembling of earth that results from the s…
is a giant ocean waves caused by earthquakes on the ocean floor
important because you can locate where the damage has been done
is the point or region where an earthquake ruptures and the r…
Earthquake
is the shaking and trembling of earth that results from the s…
Tsunami
is a giant ocean waves caused by earthquakes on the ocean floor
10 terms
Science Earthquakes
Earthquake
Stress
Types of Stress
Shearing
shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock…
A force that acts on the rock to change its shape or volume
Shearing, Tension, and compression work over millions of year…
Stress that pushes a mass of rock into 2 opp. directions; can…
Earthquake
shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock…
Stress
A force that acts on the rock to change its shape or volume
32 terms
Science earthquakes
precursor
seismologist
focus
epicenter
warning event
scientist who studies earthquake waves
point in the earth where the lithosphere is broken
point on the surface directly above an earthquake
precursor
warning event
seismologist
scientist who studies earthquake waves
23 terms
Science Earthquakes
stress
types of stress-
tension
compression
a force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume
Tension, compression, shearing
pulls on the crust, stretching rock making it thinner in the…
squeezes rock until it fold or breaks
stress
a force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume
types of stress-
Tension, compression, shearing
41 terms
Science - Earthquakes
earthquake
stress
shearing
tension
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
A force that pulls on a material.
earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
51 terms
Science- Earthquakes
reverse fault
normal fault
right lateral strike slip fault
thrust fault
compression, convergent
tension, divergent
shear, transform, transform or strike-slip fault
compression, convergent
reverse fault
compression, convergent
normal fault
tension, divergent
Science - Earthquakes
types of stress
Moment Magnitude Scale
P waves
Mercalli Scale
-tension... -compression ... -shearing
-rating system that estimates the total energy released by an…
-Fastest seismic waves ... -Seismic waves that arrive first and…
-Used to tell how much earthquake damage was done to homes an…
types of stress
-tension... -compression ... -shearing
Moment Magnitude Scale
-rating system that estimates the total energy released by an…
Science earthquakes
Stress
Tension, compression, and shearing
Tension
Compression
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
What are the three types of stress
Force that pulls
Stress that squeezes
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Tension, compression, and shearing
What are the three types of stress
Earthquakes science
Earthquakes
Focus
Epicenter
Tectonic plate boundary
Ground movements that occur when blocks in Earth move suddenl…
A place within Earth along a fault at which the first motion…
Directly above the focus on Earth's surface
Where two or more tectonic plates meet
Earthquakes
Ground movements that occur when blocks in Earth move suddenl…
Focus
A place within Earth along a fault at which the first motion…
20 terms
Science Earthquakes
Earthquake
Elastic rebound theory
Earthquake depth
Divergent boundarues
The shaking of Earth's crust caused by a release of energy... M…
As Earth's plates move past one another, friction causes the…
It depends on the type of plate boundary where the movement o…
These and sliding boundaries (such as the San Andreas Fault)…
Earthquake
The shaking of Earth's crust caused by a release of energy... M…
Elastic rebound theory
As Earth's plates move past one another, friction causes the…
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