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Study sets matching "earthquakes science"

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Study sets matching "earthquakes science"

20 terms
science earthquakes
tension
compression
shearing
normal fault
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
1. stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks ... 2. the…
stress that pushes masses of rocks in opposite directions, in…
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; cause…
tension
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
compression
1. stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks ... 2. the…
19 terms
science earthquakes
fault
tension
compression
shearing
where two plates meet
the type of stress that occurs in divergent plates
the type of stress that occurs in convergent plates
the type of stress that occurs in transform plates
fault
where two plates meet
tension
the type of stress that occurs in divergent plates
17 terms
Earthquakes- Science
continental drift
convection
sea-floor topography
mid- ocean ridge
a theory that says that continents are slowly moving
when materials flow and make/ produce heat
how the sea floor looks like
a group of mountains that form where the plate tectonics move…
continental drift
a theory that says that continents are slowly moving
convection
when materials flow and make/ produce heat
27 terms
Science-earthquakes
stress
tension
compression
shearing
a force that acts on rock to change it's shape or volume
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
stress
a force that acts on rock to change it's shape or volume
tension
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
49 terms
Science - Earthquakes
The shaking and trembling that results…
A force that acts on rock to change it…
Shearing, tension, and compression wor…
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in o…
Earthquake
Stress
What three types of stress work over millions of years to cha…
Shearing
The shaking and trembling that results…
Earthquake
A force that acts on rock to change it…
Stress
10 terms
Science: Earthquakes
Earthquake
Epicenter
Focus
Amplitude
ground movement caused by the sudden release of energy stored…
point of the surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
point beneath the surface here rocks break and start an earth…
the height of a wave from the center to the top of a crest
Earthquake
ground movement caused by the sudden release of energy stored…
Epicenter
point of the surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
14 terms
science earthquakes
seismograph
earthquakes
p wave
s wave
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground.
A type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or s…
seismograph
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
earthquakes
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
13 terms
Science Earthquakes and Volcanoes
crust
core
mantle
(tectonic) plate
The outermost layer of the Earth.
The innermost layer of the Earth.
The middle of the Earth's three layers.
Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into continent- siz…
crust
The outermost layer of the Earth.
core
The innermost layer of the Earth.
11 terms
Science earthquakes
epicenter
focus
S waves
P waves
the point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes sta…
the point inside the earth along a fault at which the first m…
Secondary or shear waves that travel the second fastest but c…
primary or pressure waves that travel the fastest through ALL…
epicenter
the point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes sta…
focus
the point inside the earth along a fault at which the first m…
33 terms
Earth Science: Earthquakes
focus
epicenter
seismic waves
primary waves
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
carry the energy of an earthquake away from the focus, throug…
Compress and expand or push and pull the ground like an accor…
focus
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress bre…
epicenter
the point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus
16 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Causes earthquakes
Faults
Reverse Fault
Normal fault
moving of tectonic plates
cracks where pieces of the Earth's crust move past each other…
Convergent plate boundary, compressional force
Divergent plate boundary
Causes earthquakes
moving of tectonic plates
Faults
cracks where pieces of the Earth's crust move past each other…
28 terms
science earthquakes
where do earthquakes happen?
convergent plate boundary
divergent plate boundary
transform plate boundary
Earthquakes happen where tectonic plates meet
plates come together
plates pull apart
plates slide past each other sideways
where do earthquakes happen?
Earthquakes happen where tectonic plates meet
convergent plate boundary
plates come together
37 terms
CMS Earth Science Earthquakes
8,000
50
80
Focus
There are ________ earthquakes per day, worldwide
Most earthquakes begin within _______ miles from the Earth's…
___% of earthquakes occur in Pacific belt (Ring of Fire)
The point beneath the Earth's surface where rock breaks under…
8,000
There are ________ earthquakes per day, worldwide
50
Most earthquakes begin within _______ miles from the Earth's…
17 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Faults
Earthquakes
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
a pull-apart(tension) fracture in the rocks, where rocks that…
a compression fracture in the rocks, where rocks that are abo…
Faults
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
Earthquakes
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
28 terms
The Science of Earthquakes
Continental Drift
Plate Tectonics
Plates
Movement
States that the continents have drifted and continue to drift…
The surface of the Earth is composed of about a dozen major r…
Oceanic and continental plates make up the earth's crust. The…
Plates ride on top of hot, flowing rock. They move because he…
Continental Drift
States that the continents have drifted and continue to drift…
Plate Tectonics
The surface of the Earth is composed of about a dozen major r…
26 terms
Science -Earthquakes
plates
faults
elastic
earthquake
forces cause sections of Earth's surface to move
when rocks break, they move along these surfaces
rocks break when stressed beyond this limit, move along the f…
the vibrations produced by the breaking of rock
plates
forces cause sections of Earth's surface to move
faults
when rocks break, they move along these surfaces
11 terms
Earthquakes-SCIENCE
Seismic Waves
Epicenter
Earthquake
Focus Point
waves of energy that are released during an earthquake
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of…
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
origin of the earthquake(below the surface)
Seismic Waves
waves of energy that are released during an earthquake
Epicenter
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of…
29 terms
Science earthquakes
Whats seismology
Whats deformation
Whats Elastic rebound
Whats seismograph
To study earth quakes
The bending tilting and breaking of the earth's crust the cha…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground and deter…
Whats seismology
To study earth quakes
Whats deformation
The bending tilting and breaking of the earth's crust the cha…
13 terms
Earthquakes science
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic waves
Study of earthquakes
The bending and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
seismology
Study of earthquakes
deformation
The bending and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in…
13 terms
Earthquakes Holt,Earth, and Science
Focus
Elastic Rebound
Earthquake
Intensity
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
A movement of treamblig of the ground that is caused by a sud…
In Earth science, the amount of damage caused by an eartquake.
Focus
The location within Earth along a fault at wich the first mot…
Elastic Rebound
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its underfo…
17 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Faults
Earthquakes
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
a pull-apart(tension) fracture in the rocks, where rocks that…
a compression fracture in the rocks, where rocks that are abo…
Faults
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
Earthquakes
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
11 terms
Science - Earthquakes
earthquake
stress
shearing
tension
shaking and trembling caused by movement of rock below Earth'…
force that acts on rock and causes it to change
mass of rock moves in two directions
stress force that squeezes rock
earthquake
shaking and trembling caused by movement of rock below Earth'…
stress
force that acts on rock and causes it to change
51 terms
Science- Earthquakes
reverse fault
normal fault
right lateral strike slip fault
thrust fault
compression, convergent
tension, divergent
shear, transform, transform or strike-slip fault
compression, convergent
reverse fault
compression, convergent
normal fault
tension, divergent
15 terms
earthquakes science
seismology
fault
deformation
elastic rebound
the study of earthquakes
a break in the Earths crust
the change in the shape of rock in response to stress
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its origina…
seismology
the study of earthquakes
fault
a break in the Earths crust
16 terms
Science: Earthquakes
Aftershock
Amplitude
Energy
Epicenter
An earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the sa…
The maximum extent of a vibration or oscillation, measured fr…
The ability to do work or cause change.
The point on the Earth's surface directly above an earthquake…
Aftershock
An earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the sa…
Amplitude
The maximum extent of a vibration or oscillation, measured fr…
20 terms
Science Earthquakes
Plate
Scientific Theory
Plate Tectonics
Faults
Sections of the lithosphere that fit together and are separat…
A well supported and tested theory that answers many observat…
The theory that states pieces of the lithosphere are in const…
Breaks in earth's crust where rocks slip against eachother
Plate
Sections of the lithosphere that fit together and are separat…
Scientific Theory
A well supported and tested theory that answers many observat…
Science earthquakes
Stress
Fault
earthquake
Focus
The force that acts on a rock to change its shapes.
A break in the earths crust due to stress.
The shaking of the Earth that results from movement beneath t…
The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under str…
Stress
The force that acts on a rock to change its shapes.
Fault
A break in the earths crust due to stress.
5 terms
Science (earthquakes)
How do you find how far away the seism…
How do you find when the earthquake oc…
Can p and S waves travel through the s…
Difference in arrival time
The s wave subtracted by the p wave then slide and glide to f…
Find the km the S wave has traveled and then find the p wave…
No only S waves can travel through liquids and gases and only…
S minus p Wave
How do you find how far away the seism…
The s wave subtracted by the p wave then slide and glide to f…
How do you find when the earthquake oc…
Find the km the S wave has traveled and then find the p wave…
21 terms
science earthquakes
elastic rebound
epicenter
focus
aftershocks
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
smaller quakes produced after a major quake caused by rocks s…
elastic rebound
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
22 terms
Science Earthquakes
earthquakes
Elastic Limit
Foreshock
Aftershock
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
Maximum stress that a material will withstand without permane…
a mild tremor preceding the violent shaking movement of an ea…
a smaller earthquake following the main shock of a large eart…
earthquakes
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
Elastic Limit
Maximum stress that a material will withstand without permane…
35 terms
Science Earthquakes
Surface wave
amplitude
secondary wave
seismograph
in geology, a seismic wave that travels along the surface of…
the maximum distance that the particles of a wave's medium vi…
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a sid…
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground
Surface wave
in geology, a seismic wave that travels along the surface of…
amplitude
the maximum distance that the particles of a wave's medium vi…
18 terms
Science Earthquakes!!!
Shearing
Hang wall
Footwall
Strike slip fault
Stress moving in to different directions. Breaks the earth.
The wall that hangs under the footwall
The bottom wall
A lot like stress
Shearing
Stress moving in to different directions. Breaks the earth.
Hang wall
The wall that hangs under the footwall
23 terms
Science Earthquakes
Intensity Scale
Measures damage done and people's reac…
Same earthquake can have different ___…
Magnitude (INTENSITY) Scale
Mercalli
Mercalli
Mercalli
Richter
Intensity Scale
Mercalli
Measures damage done and people's reac…
Mercalli
9 terms
Science "Earthquakes"
Dip
Tension force
Compression force
Down
Angle of break
Normal fault
Reverse fault
The hanging wall is _______ in a normal fault.
Dip
Angle of break
Tension force
Normal fault
15 terms
Science-Earthquakes
seismology
fault
deformation
elastic rebound
the study of earthquakes
A break in the Earth's Crust
the change in shape of rocks in response to stress
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
seismology
the study of earthquakes
fault
A break in the Earth's Crust
24 terms
Science Earthquakes
earthquake
along faults and tectonic plate boundr…
seismology
seismologist
trembling and shaking that results from movement or rock bene…
where do earthquakes mostly occur
study of earthquakes
scientist who studies earthquakes
earthquake
trembling and shaking that results from movement or rock bene…
along faults and tectonic plate boundr…
where do earthquakes mostly occur
16 terms
Earthquakes science
Seismatist
Fault
Elastic rebound
S. Waves
The person who studies earthquakes
A break in the earths crust and the crust slide together
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
2nd fastest waves that move back and forth
Seismatist
The person who studies earthquakes
Fault
A break in the earths crust and the crust slide together
22 terms
Science earthquakes
anticline
syncline
Anticline/syncline
monocline
a fold in the Earths crust that creates a hill.
a fold in the Earths crust that creates a valley.
folding in the Earths crust that creates what looks like ripp…
a fold in the Earths crust that goes down then is flat.
anticline
a fold in the Earths crust that creates a hill.
syncline
a fold in the Earths crust that creates a valley.
science earthquakes
Seismologist
P waves
S waves
Body waves
Scientist who study seismic waves.
A type of seismic wave that can go through all phases of matt…
A type of seismic wave that can only go through solids.
Seismic waves that can travel through earths inner layers.
Seismologist
Scientist who study seismic waves.
P waves
A type of seismic wave that can go through all phases of matt…
17 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Faults
Earthquakes
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
a pull-apart(tension) fracture in the rocks, where rocks that…
a compression fracture in the rocks, where rocks that are abo…
Faults
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
Earthquakes
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
17 terms
Science-Earthquakes
Faults
Earthquakes
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
a pull-apart(tension) fracture in the rocks, where rocks that…
a compression fracture in the rocks, where rocks that are abo…
Faults
large fracture in the rocks several meters to kilometers long…
Earthquakes
the movement of the ground, caused by waves of energy release…
17 terms
Science: Earthquakes
Earthquake
Seismo
Seismology
Seismograph
The sudden movements of Earth's crust that usually occurs at…
The root word for anything to do with earthquakes. Comes from…
The study of earthquakes
Tool that graph (measures) earthquakes
Earthquake
The sudden movements of Earth's crust that usually occurs at…
Seismo
The root word for anything to do with earthquakes. Comes from…
17 terms
Year 9 Science - Earthquakes
Crust
Mantle
Outer core
Inner core
The exterior solid part of the earth
A very hot rock (magma) located below the surface of the earth.
The liquid layer of molten iron covering the inner core of th…
The sphere of solid metals that is the centre of the earth.
Crust
The exterior solid part of the earth
Mantle
A very hot rock (magma) located below the surface of the earth.
52 terms
Science: Earthquakes
Earthquakes
Where are Earthquakes often located?
In what ocean do 80% of Earthquakes oc…
Name two areas, other than Pacific Oce…
Vibrations caused by the sudden movement of surface rocks cal…
Along BELTS
Pacific Ocean
Central America & Mid-ocean ridges
Earthquakes
Vibrations caused by the sudden movement of surface rocks cal…
Where are Earthquakes often located?
Along BELTS
12 terms
Science (earthquakes)
Richter scale
Elastic rebound theory
Focus
Epicenter
Based on energy released... Whole number, 10x... Stress builds up a…
Friction prevents motion between plates... Stress causes plates…
Point in the earth where energy is released
Point on earth directly above the focus on the surface
Richter scale
Based on energy released... Whole number, 10x... Stress builds up a…
Elastic rebound theory
Friction prevents motion between plates... Stress causes plates…
36 terms
Science Earthquakes
P-wave
S-wave
Surface-wave
How do scientists know the inside of t…
- Travels through all layers of the earth... - Fastest body wave…
- Doesn't travel through liquid or outer core... - Body wave... - S…
- Horizontal... - Travels along the surface... - Rayleigh and Love…
-P-waves can travel through all the layers of the earth... - S-w…
P-wave
- Travels through all layers of the earth... - Fastest body wave…
S-wave
- Doesn't travel through liquid or outer core... - Body wave... - S…
9 terms
Science earthquakes
Focus
Seismic waves
P waves
S wave
point beneath earths surface where rock breaks under stress a…
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy re…
Type of seismic wave that compresses and expands ground
Type of seismic wave that more the ground up and down or side…
Focus
point beneath earths surface where rock breaks under stress a…
Seismic waves
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy re…
24 terms
Science Earthquakes
Focus
Epicenter
Seismic Waves
What do seismic waves do?
The point beneath Earth;s surface where rock that is under st…
The point on the surface directly above the focus
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Seismic waves carry the energy of an earthquake away from the…
Focus
The point beneath Earth;s surface where rock that is under st…
Epicenter
The point on the surface directly above the focus
13 terms
Earthquakes in Science
Earthquakes
Focus
Epicenter
Seismograph
A violent and sudden shaking of the Earth
Where the Earthquake begins
The point of Earth's surface directly above the focus of an E…
An instrument that measures an Earthquake's power
Earthquakes
A violent and sudden shaking of the Earth
Focus
Where the Earthquake begins
31 terms
Science Earthquakes
Earthquake
Stress
Shearing
tension
is the shaking and trembling that results from the movement o…
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that it becomes thinne…
Earthquake
is the shaking and trembling that results from the movement o…
Stress
a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
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