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Study sets matching "ecology biodiversity"

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Study sets matching "ecology biodiversity"

43 terms
Ecology & Biodiversity
Niche
Natural Selection
Adaptation
Predator
The way a species interacts with abiotic and biotic factors t…
The process by which organisms with variations that help them…
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of sur…
An organisms that survives by hunting other animals for food
Niche
The way a species interacts with abiotic and biotic factors t…
Natural Selection
The process by which organisms with variations that help them…
63 terms
Ecology & Biodiversity Unit 2
Allele
genotype
phenotype
speciation
Different version of a trait
The allele combination for a trait
the physical appearance for a trait
the formation of a new species
Allele
Different version of a trait
genotype
The allele combination for a trait
30 terms
Ecology biodiversity
biodiversity
ecosystems
biotic
Individual
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
of, relating to, or resulting from living things, especially…
a single organism
biodiversity
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
ecosystems
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
51 terms
Biodiversity/Ecology
Biotic facotrs
Abiotic factors
Organism
Species
The living and once living parts of an ecosystem including al…
Nonliving parts of the ecosystem(air, water, rocks, sand, lig…
An individual living things
A group of organisms that can mate to produce fertile offspring
Biotic facotrs
The living and once living parts of an ecosystem including al…
Abiotic factors
Nonliving parts of the ecosystem(air, water, rocks, sand, lig…
18 terms
Biodiversity and Ecology
Biodiversity
Species
The Economic Value of Biodiversity
The Ecological Value of Biodiversity
~ The number of different SPECIES in one area... > Can be used t…
~ A group of organisms that have common traits and are capabl…
~ the food and medicine we get from the different species
~ species interaction affects all species involved. (If we ta…
Biodiversity
~ The number of different SPECIES in one area... > Can be used t…
Species
~ A group of organisms that have common traits and are capabl…
30 terms
Ecology & Biodiversity
Biome
Coniferous
Deciduous
Decomposition
A major regional complex of similar communities recognized by…
A terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world w…
Temperate deciduous forests or temperate broad-leaf forests a…
The process in which breaks down dead organisims.
Biome
A major regional complex of similar communities recognized by…
Coniferous
A terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world w…
20 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Estuary
watershed
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
Wetland
That part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which th…
the region or area drained by a river, stream, etc.; drainage…
Aquatic plants rooted in bottom sediments that grow totally u…
A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
Estuary
That part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which th…
watershed
the region or area drained by a river, stream, etc.; drainage…
14 terms
ECOLOGY 4: Biodiversity & Succession
Biodiversity
Spatial Heterogeneity Theory
Competition Theory
Predation Theory
the variety of life across all levels of ecological organizat…
more plant species = more herbivore species = more species di…
in warm temperatures = more niches that K-selected species ca…
more predators & parasites = less prey = less competition = m…
Biodiversity
the variety of life across all levels of ecological organizat…
Spatial Heterogeneity Theory
more plant species = more herbivore species = more species di…
29 terms
Ecology & Biodiversity
biome
coniferous
decidous
decomposition
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by... P…
Any of various mostly needle-leaved or scale-leaved, chiefly…
Temperate deciduous forests or temperate broad-leaf forests a…
the state or process of decaying, rotting
biome
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by... P…
coniferous
Any of various mostly needle-leaved or scale-leaved, chiefly…
30 terms
Ecology & Biodiversity
Scales of life:
Kirtland's warbler example:
4 types of interactions:
co-evolution:
-organism... -population... -community... -ecosystem... -biosphere
-importance of understanding interactions... -1970's: down to ~2…
1. competition... 2. exploitation (predation)... 3. mutualism... 4. co…
ex: pollination syndrome-- insects, UV
Scales of life:
-organism... -population... -community... -ecosystem... -biosphere
Kirtland's warbler example:
-importance of understanding interactions... -1970's: down to ~2…
23 terms
Ecology: Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Species Diversity
Ecosystem Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Variety of organisms in a given area
Refers to differences between all populations of species and…
Variety of habitats, communities, and ecological processes w/…
All different genes in a population
Biodiversity
Variety of organisms in a given area
Species Diversity
Refers to differences between all populations of species and…
10 terms
Ecology & biodiversity
Ecology
Ecosystem
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
The study of the relationships between biotic and abiotic fac…
Includes all abiotic and biotic factoids in one particular en…
The living parts of an ecosystem
The non living parts of an ecosystem
Ecology
The study of the relationships between biotic and abiotic fac…
Ecosystem
Includes all abiotic and biotic factoids in one particular en…
10 terms
Biodiversity & Ecology
Organisms
Ecosystem
Photosynthesis
Habitat
Living things
Nonliving things that interact in a particular area
Some organisms that make their own food in a process
An organism that lives and provides the things the organism n…
Organisms
Living things
Ecosystem
Nonliving things that interact in a particular area
29 terms
ecology/biodiversity
biome
coniferous
deciduous
decomposition
major regional complex of similar communities characterized b…
green trees or shrubs
shedding leaves annually
the breaking down of waste and dead organisms
biome
major regional complex of similar communities characterized b…
coniferous
green trees or shrubs
29 terms
ECOLOGY + BIODIVERSITY
Food chain
Food web
Habitat
Ecology
simple model that scientists use to show how matter and energ…
a series of overlapping or connected food chains that exist i…
...
the study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
Food chain
simple model that scientists use to show how matter and energ…
Food web
a series of overlapping or connected food chains that exist i…
10 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Organisms
Ecosystem
Photosynthesis
Habitat
An individual animal, plant, or single called from life form.
All the living and non living things that interact in an area.
The process in which organisms use water along with sunlight…
The place where Ann organism lives and provided the things it…
Organisms
An individual animal, plant, or single called from life form.
Ecosystem
All the living and non living things that interact in an area.
Ecology of Biodiversity
Community Stability
4 basic hypothesis
Rivet hypothesis
Functional group hypothesis
To maintain the same structure over time, or if it is disturb…
1. Rivet... 2. Functional group... 3. Trophic web... 4. Keystone species
Every single species counts.... Rivets in the wing of a plane me…
Every functional group counts.... No dung beetles in Africa meta…
Community Stability
To maintain the same structure over time, or if it is disturb…
4 basic hypothesis
1. Rivet... 2. Functional group... 3. Trophic web... 4. Keystone species
41 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Extinction
Genetic Diversity
Species Diversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
when an entire species permanently disappear from the biosphe…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
the number of different species and the relative abundance of…
Biodiversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
Extinction
when an entire species permanently disappear from the biosphe…
24 terms
Biodiversity and Ecology
Levels of Biodiversity
Threats to Biodiversity
Taxonomy
Phylogenetic Trees
Genetic... Species... Ecosystems
Habitat loss... Introduced Species... Overexploitation
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
A branching diagram that shows the evolutionary history of a…
Levels of Biodiversity
Genetic... Species... Ecosystems
Threats to Biodiversity
Habitat loss... Introduced Species... Overexploitation
32 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
one
group of same species
all the plant and animals
living and nonliving factors
Individual
Population
Community
Ecosystem
one
Individual
group of same species
Population
Ecology and biodiversity
Population
Carrying capacity
Biodiversity
Extinction
A group of organisms, all the same species, that live in a sp…
The number of organisms of one species that an environment ca…
The variety of species in a specific area
The disappearance of a species when the last of its members die
Population
A group of organisms, all the same species, that live in a sp…
Carrying capacity
The number of organisms of one species that an environment ca…
18 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Ecology
Producers or Autotrophs
Herbivores
Carnivores
Science that deals with the relationship between groups of li…
Organisms that have the ability to make their own food
Plant eaters
Meat eaters
Ecology
Science that deals with the relationship between groups of li…
Producers or Autotrophs
Organisms that have the ability to make their own food
30 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Biome
Coniferous
Deciduous
Decomposition
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by... -…
term used to refer to trees that produce seed-bearing cones a…
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of lea…
The separation of a substance into simpler substances or basi…
Biome
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by... -…
Coniferous
term used to refer to trees that produce seed-bearing cones a…
36 terms
Ecology & Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Biodiversity is measured in...
Ecosystem
Biophilia
Variety of life
Richness (species #)... Diversity (genetic)... Abundance (#of speci…
Biotic and abiotic living together in one place
Love of life's diversity
Biodiversity
Variety of life
Biodiversity is measured in...
Richness (species #)... Diversity (genetic)... Abundance (#of speci…
10 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Organisms
Ecosystem
Photosynthesis
Habitat
Any living thing
All living and non-living things that interact with their env…
The process in which organisms use water along with sunlight…
Place where an organism lives and that provides the things it…
Organisms
Any living thing
Ecosystem
All living and non-living things that interact with their env…
50 terms
Biodiversity and Ecology
Genotype
Phenotype
Deme
Population
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
a subdivision of a populaiton which mainly procreates among i…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
Phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
37 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Carrying capacity
Fossil fuels
Acid rain
Ozone depeletion
maximum sustainable number of individuals that can be supported
air water pollution
alters soil ph
causes increase in skin cancers and damages crops
Carrying capacity
maximum sustainable number of individuals that can be supported
Fossil fuels
air water pollution
11 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Ecology
Organism
Population
Community
The study of interactions among living things and between liv…
Individual
A group of organisms of the same species that live together i…
Several populations interact within a habitat
Ecology
The study of interactions among living things and between liv…
Organism
Individual
ECOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY
Ecology
biosphere
biomes
habitat
the study of relationships between all organisms and their en…
the largest environment we focus on at one time
the worlds major communities classified according to the pred…
the place in which an organism lives
Ecology
the study of relationships between all organisms and their en…
biosphere
the largest environment we focus on at one time
Biodiversity and Ecology
levels of biodiversity
threats to biodiversity
instituted the binomial nomenclature s…
organisms that consist of a single cell
1. genetic... 2. species... 3. ecosystems
1. habitat loss... 2. introduced species... 3. overexploitation
Carolus Linnaeus
unicellular
levels of biodiversity
1. genetic... 2. species... 3. ecosystems
threats to biodiversity
1. habitat loss... 2. introduced species... 3. overexploitation
29 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Biome
Coniferous
Deciduous
Decomposition
A complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant…
A tree
Shedding leaves annually
The act or process of decomposing which is to break down orga…
Biome
A complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant…
Coniferous
A tree
26 terms
biodiversity and ecology
classification
taxonomy
aristotle
size and location
organizing organisms into the kingdom/category they belong to.
is the branch of biology that groups and names organisms base…
the first person to classify a organism
the two main ways to classify animals
classification
organizing organisms into the kingdom/category they belong to.
taxonomy
is the branch of biology that groups and names organisms base…
29 terms
Biodiversity and ecology
Two definitions of evolution
Scala Naturae
Carolus Linnaeus
Strata
Descent with modification. A phrase used by Darwin used in pr…
(aristotle)... The ladder of life Where species can be arranged…
Classify life's diversity "for the greater glory of God". Dev…
New layers of sediment cover older ones and compress them int…
Two definitions of evolution
Descent with modification. A phrase used by Darwin used in pr…
Scala Naturae
(aristotle)... The ladder of life Where species can be arranged…
13 terms
Ecology and biodiversity
Population
Carrying capacity
Biodiversity
Extinction
A group of organisms all be seen species that live in a speci…
The number of organisms of one species is that an environment…
Referenced to The variety of species in specific area
The disappearance of a species when the last of its member dies
Population
A group of organisms all be seen species that live in a speci…
Carrying capacity
The number of organisms of one species is that an environment…
29 terms
ecology and biodiversity
biome
coniferous
deciduous
decomposition
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by p…
keep their cones, needles, and leaves having only the oldest…
lose their leaves each fall
state or process of rotting; decay
biome
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by p…
coniferous
keep their cones, needles, and leaves having only the oldest…
29 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Biome
Coniferous
Deciduous
Decomposition
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by p…
trees with needle-type leaves (all kinds)
a tree or shrub that sheds its leaves annually
when organisms that obtain energy break down wastes and the r…
Biome
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by p…
Coniferous
trees with needle-type leaves (all kinds)
29 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Biome
Coniferous
Deciduous
Decomposition
a complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant…
belonging to or pertaining to the conifers
shedding the leaves annually
the act of decomposing
Biome
a complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant…
Coniferous
belonging to or pertaining to the conifers
43 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Ecology
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
how organisms interact with each other and their nonliving en…
Parts of the earth's air, water, and soil where life is found
A community of different species interacting
Populations of different species living in a particular place…
Ecology
how organisms interact with each other and their nonliving en…
Biosphere
Parts of the earth's air, water, and soil where life is found
29 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
Biome
Coniferous
Decomposition
Deciduous
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by
Forest that have pine, fir, spruce, and other cone-bearing tr…
to separate or resolve into constituent parts or elements
shedding the leaves annually
Biome
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by
Coniferous
Forest that have pine, fir, spruce, and other cone-bearing tr…
ecology and biodiversity
coniferous forest
deciduous forest
tropical rain forest
grassland
trees with needles for leaves, cones, and green all year
trees lose leaves in the fall
broad leaf evergreen trees in an area of year round warmth
tracts of flat land comprised of grasses and wildflowers
coniferous forest
trees with needles for leaves, cones, and green all year
deciduous forest
trees lose leaves in the fall
42 terms
Biodiversity and Ecology
Classify means to group things togethe…
A special feature that a thing has is…
Over 2000 years ago, this Greek philos…
The father of our modern system of cla…
True
Trait
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Classify means to group things togethe…
True
A special feature that a thing has is…
Trait
11 terms
Ecology- Biodiversity
what is biodiversity
how does biodiversity lead to better e…
how does human activity effect biodive…
how does the loss of biodiversity effe…
variety in an ecosystem
if a disease, it would not spread so much. also the ecosystem…
if they have farms with the same crops they have to use more…
limited food supply
what is biodiversity
variety in an ecosystem
how does biodiversity lead to better e…
if a disease, it would not spread so much. also the ecosystem…
29 terms
Ecology and Biodiversity
biome
coniferous
deciduous
decomposition
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by p…
keep their cones, needles, and leaves having only the oldest…
lose their leaves each fall
state or process of rotting; decay
biome
major regional complex of similar communities recognized by p…
coniferous
keep their cones, needles, and leaves having only the oldest…
ECOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY
Abiotic Factor
Biotic Factor
Producer
Consumer
The NONLIVING parts of an ecosystem.
A LIVING part of an ecosystem.
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that eats other organisms to get food.
Abiotic Factor
The NONLIVING parts of an ecosystem.
Biotic Factor
A LIVING part of an ecosystem.
52 terms
Biodiversity and Ecology
On a phylogenetic tree, organisms that…
The study of an organism's structural…
Two populations of a lizard species be…
As a group, the large-scale evolutiona…
near the tips of the same branches
morphology
geographic isolation
macroevolution
On a phylogenetic tree, organisms that…
near the tips of the same branches
The study of an organism's structural…
morphology
47 terms
ecology and biodiversity
coniferous forest
deciduous forest
tropical rain forest
grassland
trees with needles for leaves, cones, and green all year
trees lose leaves in the fall
broad leaf evergreen trees in an area of year round warmth
tracts of flat land comprised of grasses and wildflowers
coniferous forest
trees with needles for leaves, cones, and green all year
deciduous forest
trees lose leaves in the fall
17 terms
Ecological biodiversity
Ecological biodiversity
Organismal biodiversity
Genetic biodiversity
Convention of Biological Diversity
Biodiversity of the different species found within a communit…
Biodiversity of the different groups within a phylogenetic cl…
Biodiversity on the genetic level within a species, populatio…
Governing body that sets targets and reviews progress every 2…
Ecological biodiversity
Biodiversity of the different species found within a communit…
Organismal biodiversity
Biodiversity of the different groups within a phylogenetic cl…
32 terms
Unit III Ecology/ Biodiversity
boreal forest
temperate rainforest
temperate seasonal forest
shrubland/ chaparral
boreal forest
temperate rainforest
30 terms
Biodiversity and Ecology
7 groups of Taxonomy
Ecology
Levels of Organization
Organism
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
The study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
Organism... Population... Community... Ecosystem ... Biome... Biosphere
An individual living thing that is made up of cells, uses ene…
7 groups of Taxonomy
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
Ecology
The study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
11 terms
Ecology/Biodiversity
Freshwater Wetland
Salt Marshes
Mangrove Swamps
Intertidal Zone
submerged or saturated by water for at least part of each yea…
Found along the coast in temperate climates, fresh water rive…
along tropical and subtropical coasts, contains trees where r…
narrow band of coastline that exists between the levels of hi…
Freshwater Wetland
submerged or saturated by water for at least part of each yea…
Salt Marshes
Found along the coast in temperate climates, fresh water rive…
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