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Study sets matching "ecology chapter 4"

27 terms
Chapter 4 Population Ecology
Ecology
Species
Population
Community
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
Members of a species that live in the same area at the same t…
All the populations in a particular area
Ecology
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
Species
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
16 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
Weather
Climate
Phenotypic trade-off
Phenotypic plasticity
The variation in temperature and precipitation over periods o…
The typical atmospheric conditions that occur throughout the…
A situation in which a given phenotype experiences higher fit…
The ability of a single genotype to produce multiple phenotypes
Weather
The variation in temperature and precipitation over periods o…
Climate
The typical atmospheric conditions that occur throughout the…
25 terms
Chapter 4- Ecology
atmosphere
carnivore
community
competition
thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
animal that only eats meat
all the different populations in a region
the struggle among organisms for food, water, and space
atmosphere
thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
carnivore
animal that only eats meat
28 terms
Population Ecology (Chapter 4)
Carrying Capacity
Clumped dispersion
Density-dependent factors
Density-independent factors
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Individuals may live close together in groups in order to fac…
factor that limits a population more as population density in…
factor that limits a population, but is unrelated to populati…
Carrying Capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Clumped dispersion
Individuals may live close together in groups in order to fac…
25 terms
Chapter 4 Population Ecology
Ecology
Species
Population
Community
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
Members of a species that live in the same area at the same t…
All the populations in a particular area
Ecology
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
Species
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
12 terms
Chapter 4 - Population Ecology
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
number of organisms per unit of living area.
arrangement of a population in its environment.
environmental factor, such as storms and extreme heat or cold…
environmental factor, such as predation, disease, and competi…
population density
number of organisms per unit of living area.
dispersion
arrangement of a population in its environment.
14 terms
Chapter 4: Population Ecology
age structure
carrying capacity
demography
density-dependent factor
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
environmental factor, such as predation, disease, and competi…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
Ecology Chapter 4
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
Phenotypic Plasticity
Allometry as type of change in the rel…
Hardy Weinberg Principle
-Organisms begat like organisms ... -Chance variation between in…
Variation among individuals in form and function as a result…
Oxygen exchange... digestion... water transport... place in tropic rel…
In a population mating at random in the absence of evolutiona…
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
-Organisms begat like organisms ... -Chance variation between in…
Phenotypic Plasticity
Variation among individuals in form and function as a result…
27 terms
Chapter 4 Population Ecology
Ecology
Species
Population
Community
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
Members of a species that live in the same area at the same t…
All the populations in a particular area
Ecology
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
Species
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
20 terms
Ecology - Ch 4 - Population Ecology
limiting factors
range of tolerance
zone of intolerance
stress zone
anything that limits the size of a population
the range of conditions a population can survive
extreme conditions with no survivors
harsh conditions that some individuals can survive
limiting factors
anything that limits the size of a population
range of tolerance
the range of conditions a population can survive
61 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
A waxy layer coating the aerial parts…
Organisms that live in aquatic systems…
Each of the following is a challenge f…
If a tree 50 m high has 300,000 leaves…
cuticle
high specific heat
buoyancy
4
A waxy layer coating the aerial parts…
cuticle
Organisms that live in aquatic systems…
high specific heat
15 terms
Chapter 4: Population Ecology
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
9 terms
Ecology - chapter 4 words
pollutant
recycling
hazardous waste
biodegradable
A substance that causes pollution.
Convert waste into reusable material.
Any material that can be harmful to human health or the envir…
capable of being broken down by bacteria and other natural de…
pollutant
A substance that causes pollution.
recycling
Convert waste into reusable material.
39 terms
ES Chapter 4 Population Ecology
Ecology
Species
Population
community
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
Members of a species that live in the same area at the same t…
All of the population in a particular area
Ecology
The study of how organisms interact with each other and with…
Species
A group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
Chapter 4- Population Ecology
Ecology
Species
Population
Community
the study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
a specific group of individuals that produce off spring (more…
members of a species that live in the same area
all the population in a specific area
Ecology
the study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
Species
a specific group of individuals that produce off spring (more…
12 terms
Chapter 4 - Population Ecology
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
number of organisms per unit of living area.
arrangement of a population in its environment.
environmental factor, such as storms and extreme heat or cold…
environmental factor, such as predation, disease, and competi…
population density
number of organisms per unit of living area.
dispersion
arrangement of a population in its environment.
12 terms
Chapter 4 - Population Ecology
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
number of organisms per unit of living area.
arrangement of a population in its environment.
environmental factor, such as storms and extreme heat or cold…
environmental factor, such as predation, disease, and competi…
population density
number of organisms per unit of living area.
dispersion
arrangement of a population in its environment.
Biology - Chapter 4 - Ecology
Ecology
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Sample Ecosystems
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
The part of the planet containing organisms
A group of clearly distinguished organisms that interact with…
Temperate deciduous forest - warm summer, rain ... Grassland - m…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Biosphere
The part of the planet containing organisms
35 terms
Population Ecology--Chapter 4
biosphere
ecosystem
organism
species
All the parts of the planet that are inhabited by living thin…
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment
a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act o…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
biosphere
All the parts of the planet that are inhabited by living thin…
ecosystem
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment
32 terms
Chapter 4: Behavioral Ecology
Behavior
Behavioral Ecology
Ethology
Proximate Cause
The observable response of organisms to external/internal sti…
The study of how behavior contributes to the differential sur…
The scientific study of animal behavior
The specific genetic and physiological mechanisms of behavior
Behavior
The observable response of organisms to external/internal sti…
Behavioral Ecology
The study of how behavior contributes to the differential sur…
27 terms
Chapter 4: Population Ecology
ecology
species
population
community
the study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile offs…
members of a species that live in the same area at the same t…
all the populations in a particular area
ecology
the study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
species
group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile offs…
44 terms
Chapter 4: Ecology
Abiotic
aquatic life zones
biogeochemical cycle
biological community
Non-living
aquatic equivalent of biomes; marine and freshwater portions…
process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other form…
All of the populations of organisms living and interacting in…
Abiotic
Non-living
aquatic life zones
aquatic equivalent of biomes; marine and freshwater portions…
12 terms
Hundley Chapter 4 - Population Ecology
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
number of organisms per unit of living area.
arrangement of a population in its environment.
environmental factor, such as storms and extreme heat or cold…
environmental factor, such as predation, disease, and competi…
population density
number of organisms per unit of living area.
dispersion
arrangement of a population in its environment.
10 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
Niche
Resource
Competitive Exclusion Principle
Predation
(ecology) the status of an organism within its environment an…
A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is e…
Ecological rule that states that no two species can occupy th…
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
Niche
(ecology) the status of an organism within its environment an…
Resource
A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is e…
50 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
biome
microclimate
climate
weather
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
Describes the average conditions, including temperature and p…
Day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions, including tempe…
biome
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
35 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
stress
deviations from optimum result in..
minimize stress
acclimatization
environmental change that decreases and organisms ability to…
decrease in rate of process, leading to negative effects on o…
tolerance... avoidance
minimize stress through short-term change
stress
environmental change that decreases and organisms ability to…
deviations from optimum result in..
decrease in rate of process, leading to negative effects on o…
21 terms
Chapter 4 Ecology
ecosystem
biotic factor
abiotic factor
organism
All of the organisms living in an area together with their ph…
include dead organisms, dead parts of organisms, such as leav…
non-living parts of the ecosystem, including air, water, rock…
individual living thing
ecosystem
All of the organisms living in an area together with their ph…
biotic factor
include dead organisms, dead parts of organisms, such as leav…
37 terms
Pearson: Population Ecology--Chapter 4
biosphere
ecosystem
organism
species
part of Earth in which all life exists including land, water,…
a collection of all the organisms that live in a particular p…
a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act o…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
biosphere
part of Earth in which all life exists including land, water,…
ecosystem
a collection of all the organisms that live in a particular p…
24 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
tolerance
avoidance
physiological ecology
stress
the ability to survive stressful environmental conditions
a response to stressful environmental conditions that lessens…
the study of the interactions b/w organisms and the physical…
an abiotic factor that results in a decrease in the rate of a…
tolerance
the ability to survive stressful environmental conditions
avoidance
a response to stressful environmental conditions that lessens…
23 terms
Chapter 4 Ecology
natural resource
renewable resource
non renewable resource
fossil fuels
parts of the environment that are useful or necessary for liv…
a resource that is constantly recycled or replaced by nature
a resource that is used up more quickly than it can be replaced
non renewable energy resources that form in Earth's crust ove…
natural resource
parts of the environment that are useful or necessary for liv…
renewable resource
a resource that is constantly recycled or replaced by nature
27 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
Ecosystem
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Organisms
all of the organisms living in an area together with their ph…
living and once living parts of an ecosystem
nonliving parts of the ecosystem
an individual living thing
Ecosystem
all of the organisms living in an area together with their ph…
Biotic Factors
living and once living parts of an ecosystem
25 terms
Chapter 4- (in Spanish) Ecology
atmosphere
carnivore
community
competition
(atmósfera) fina capa de gases que rodea la Tierra
(carnivoro) animal que solamente come carne
(comunidad) todas las diferentes poblaciones que existen en u…
(competencia) la lucha entre organismos por comida, agua y es…
atmosphere
(atmósfera) fina capa de gases que rodea la Tierra
carnivore
(carnivoro) animal que solamente come carne
14 terms
Ecology chapter 4
ecosystem
abiotic factors
biotic factors
habitat
all of the organisms living in an area together with their ph…
all of the NONLIVING parts of an ecosystem (air, rocks, water…
all of the LIVING and ONCE LIVING parts of an ecosystem. (pla…
The place that an organism lives because it has specific biot…
ecosystem
all of the organisms living in an area together with their ph…
abiotic factors
all of the NONLIVING parts of an ecosystem (air, rocks, water…
31 terms
Chapter 4 - Ecology
species
Population
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
a group of organisms with similar characteristics which can p…
A group of organisms of the same species, who live in the sam…
Absorb carbon dioxide, water and inorganic nutrients such as…
Cannot make all the carbon compunds that they need and instea…
species
a group of organisms with similar characteristics which can p…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species, who live in the sam…
17 terms
Ecology chapter 4
Biome
plant life
climate
Tropical rainforests and savannas
Areas of the earth that have distinctive climates and organis…
determines how a biome is named
refers to the weather conditions in an area
biomes that occur in a belt around the equator
Biome
Areas of the earth that have distinctive climates and organis…
plant life
determines how a biome is named
46 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
Weather
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
Polar Zone
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
Weather
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
Climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precip…
32 terms
Ecology Chapter 4 Behavioral Ecology
Behavior
ethology
proximate causes
ultimate causes
the observable response of organisms to external or internal…
scientific study of animal behavior
specific genetic and physiological mechanisms of behavior
why a particular behavior evolved in terms of its reproductiv…
Behavior
the observable response of organisms to external or internal…
ethology
scientific study of animal behavior
31 terms
Ecology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Adaptation
Agriculture
Allele
Allele frequencies
An evolutionary process that changes anatomy, physiology, or…
The growing of crops and livestock for human consumption
One of the alternative forms of the same gene
The proportions of alternative forms of a gene (alleles) in a…
Adaptation
An evolutionary process that changes anatomy, physiology, or…
Agriculture
The growing of crops and livestock for human consumption
10 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
demographic transition
zero population growth
replacement fertility rate
carrying capacity
as a country's economy changes from preindustrial to postindu…
when population size is stable, neither increasing nor decrea…
when the number of people born equals the number of people dy…
the maximum population size that the area can support
demographic transition
as a country's economy changes from preindustrial to postindu…
zero population growth
when population size is stable, neither increasing nor decrea…
27 terms
Chapter 4 - Population Ecology
ecology
species
population
community
the study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
a group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
members of the same species that live in a specific area
different species living together in an area
ecology
the study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
species
a group of individuals that interbreed and produce fertile of…
27 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
biotic
abiotic
density-independent
density-dependent
Density-dependent factors are also _ factors
Density-independent factors are also _ factors
Weather is an example of a _ factor
Competition is an example of a _ factor
biotic
Density-dependent factors are also _ factors
abiotic
Density-independent factors are also _ factors
14 terms
Ecology chapter 4 review
adaptation
extinction
pollinating
biomes
any heritable trait that improves the ability of an individua…
process in which an entire species ceases to exist or a popul…
...
large regions such as forests,deserts,& grasslands with disti…
adaptation
any heritable trait that improves the ability of an individua…
extinction
process in which an entire species ceases to exist or a popul…
25 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
r squared
p-value
where is decomposition fastest?
decomposition in water
correlation coefficient, 0=no relation, 1=perfect relation
significance value, is significant if p<0.05
hotter, wetter climates
faster than on land, moving water causes mechanical breakdown…
r squared
correlation coefficient, 0=no relation, 1=perfect relation
p-value
significance value, is significant if p<0.05
28 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
The variation in temperature and preci…
The typical atmospheric conditions tha…
Large-scale spatial variation is cause…
Small-scale variation is generated by…
Weather
Climate
Climate, land topography, and soil type.
plant structure... animal behavior
The variation in temperature and preci…
Weather
The typical atmospheric conditions tha…
Climate
29 terms
Ecology Chapter 4
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
Modern Construct of Darwin's Theory
Fitness
Selection
- Chance of variation between individuals ... - More offspring a…
- Variation exist in populations ... - Some of the variation is…
- Refers to ability to survive to maturity, reproduce and off…
- Is primary mechanism of evolutionary change ... - Other mechan…
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
- Chance of variation between individuals ... - More offspring a…
Modern Construct of Darwin's Theory
- Variation exist in populations ... - Some of the variation is…
16 terms
Ecology: Chapter 4
Weather
Climate
Phenotypic Trade-off
Phenotypic Plasticity
The variation in temperature and precipitation over periods o…
The typical atmospheric conditions that occur throughout the…
A situation in which a given phenotype experiences higher fit…
The ability of a single genotype to produce multiple phenotyp…
Weather
The variation in temperature and precipitation over periods o…
Climate
The typical atmospheric conditions that occur throughout the…
18 terms
Chapter 4 Ecology
How do populations grow?
Exponential Growth
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
births, deaths, immigration, and emigration
the pattern of population growth in which a population increa…
Parts of an ecosystem that are living or used to be living.
parts of an ecosystem that have never been living.
How do populations grow?
births, deaths, immigration, and emigration
Exponential Growth
the pattern of population growth in which a population increa…
11 terms
Chapter 4 (4.3)- Population Ecology
survivorship curve
immigration
emigration
migration
population ecologists use graphs to show how the likelihood o…
the arrival of individuals from outside a given area
the departure of individuals from a given area
a seasonal movement into and out of an area
survivorship curve
population ecologists use graphs to show how the likelihood o…
immigration
the arrival of individuals from outside a given area
11 terms
Chapter 4 (4.3)- Population Ecology
survivorship curve
immigration
emigration
migration
population ecologists use graphs to show how the likelihood o…
the arrival of individuals from outside a given area
the departure of individuals from a given area
a seasonal movement into and out of an area
survivorship curve
population ecologists use graphs to show how the likelihood o…
immigration
the arrival of individuals from outside a given area
12 terms
Chapter 4 Ecology
Ecology
Climate
Tolerance
Habitat
The science of studying interactions among organisms and betw…
Average weather conditions over long periods of time
The ability to survive and reproduce under a range of environ…
The general place where an organism lives
Ecology
The science of studying interactions among organisms and betw…
Climate
Average weather conditions over long periods of time
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