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Study sets matching "ecology environment adaptations"

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Study sets matching "ecology environment adaptations"

42 terms
Animal Adaptations to the Environment (Ecology)
Herbivores
carnivores
omnivores
detritivores
organisms that rely on plant tissues
those organisms that feed on animal tissues
organisms that feed on both plants and animals
organisms that feed on dead plants and animals
Herbivores
organisms that rely on plant tissues
carnivores
those organisms that feed on animal tissues
11 terms
Ecology-Adaptations to the environment
Heat
kinetic energy
Avrg. temp of earth
Temp. controls
avrg. kinetic energy of molecules
energy of motion
61 F
rate of chem. reactions... Ex. photosynthesis and respiration
Heat
avrg. kinetic energy of molecules
kinetic energy
energy of motion
64 terms
ECOLOGY & BEHAVIORAL ADAPTATIONS TO THE ENVIRONMENT
Abiotic factor
Biotic factor
Doldrums
Trade winds
A non-living component of an ecosystem — air, water, temperat…
A living component of a biological community.
calm or very light winds near the equator, caused by rising w…
The movement of air in the tropics.
Abiotic factor
A non-living component of an ecosystem — air, water, temperat…
Biotic factor
A living component of a biological community.
68 terms
ECOLOGY AND EV Adaptations to the Physical Environment
physical resources
physical/abiotic factors
adaptation
fitness
inorganic materials/energy organisms require for existence
physical conditions that affect growth and survival which lea…
any heritable trait that enhances the survival and reproducti…
how well an organism survives and reproduces
physical resources
inorganic materials/energy organisms require for existence
physical/abiotic factors
physical conditions that affect growth and survival which lea…
19 terms
The Physical Environment and Adaptations To It (Ecology)
What physical factors matter to life?
Characteristics and examples of ecolog…
Water potential
Dry or salty situations have
Water, Minerals, Energy for metabolism, Energy of ther therma…
High specific heat, high heat of vaporization, high heat of m…
The potential energy of water
Low water potential
What physical factors matter to life?
Water, Minerals, Energy for metabolism, Energy of ther therma…
Characteristics and examples of ecolog…
High specific heat, high heat of vaporization, high heat of m…
69 terms
Ecology- Ch. 3 Adaptations to Terrestrial Environments
Ch. 3 Concepts
CO2 is easier for a plant to extract i…
Inorganic nutrients for Plants
Water potential
1. Most terrestrial plants obtain nutrients and water from th…
a. True... b. False... c. Neither, it's the same
N, P, Ca, K to make proteins, nucleic acids, essent cmpd... NH4+…
A measure of water's potential energy; affects the movement o…
Ch. 3 Concepts
1. Most terrestrial plants obtain nutrients and water from th…
CO2 is easier for a plant to extract i…
a. True... b. False... c. Neither, it's the same
44 terms
Ecology- Ch. 2 Adaptions to Aquatic Environments
Ch. 2 Concepts
Properties of Water
Which property of water contributes th…
Density of Water
1. Water has many properties favorable to life.... 2. Aquatic en…
-Solid at 0 C and Gas at 100 C... -Freezing pt depression with s…
a. Having its highest density at 4 C... b. Hydrogen bonds... c. S…
-H20 is at its highest density at 4 C... -Above 4 C, water densi…
Ch. 2 Concepts
1. Water has many properties favorable to life.... 2. Aquatic en…
Properties of Water
-Solid at 0 C and Gas at 100 C... -Freezing pt depression with s…
48 terms
Ecology Chapter 6 - Plant Adaptations to the Environment
two types of reactions in photosynthesis
rubisco
C3 plant
disadvantage of C3 method in plants
light reactions and dark reactions
enzyme that catalyzes the first step of the Calvin cycle (the…
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
rubisco catalyzes the reaction between O2 and RuBP, thus lowe…
two types of reactions in photosynthesis
light reactions and dark reactions
rubisco
enzyme that catalyzes the first step of the Calvin cycle (the…
13 terms
Ecology exam lec 6: adaptations to variable environments
What are the different levels of varia…
What is phenotypic plasticity?
What are acclimation vs adaptation?
What are some examples of phenotypic p…
Large-scale spatial variation: climate, land topography, soil…
Phenotypic plasticity: a single genotype can produce multiple…
Acclimation: an environmentally induced change in an individu…
-Python can alter its digestive morphology, have a longer int…
What are the different levels of varia…
Large-scale spatial variation: climate, land topography, soil…
What is phenotypic plasticity?
Phenotypic plasticity: a single genotype can produce multiple…
28 terms
Ecology Chapter 7: Animal adaptations to the environment
scaling
herbivores
carnivores
detritivores
predicting the morphological and physiological changes as a f…
animals that feed exclusively on plant tissues
animals that feed exclusively on the tissues of other animals
animals that feed on dead plant and animal matter
scaling
predicting the morphological and physiological changes as a f…
herbivores
animals that feed exclusively on plant tissues
23 terms
Ecology Chapter 6: Plant adaptations to the environment
Photosynthesis
Photosynthetic equation
rubisco
C3 plants
when energy from the sun (shortwave radiation) is harnessed a…
6CO2+12H2O--> C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
ribulose biphosphate carboxylase oxygenase
undergo "normal" photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
when energy from the sun (shortwave radiation) is harnessed a…
Photosynthetic equation
6CO2+12H2O--> C6H12O6+6O2+6H2O
32 terms
Ecology: Chapter 3: Adaptations to Terrestrial Environments
Water Potential
Matric Potential (Matrix Potential)
Field Capacity
Wilting Point
a measure of the water's potential energy
the potential energy generated by the attractive forces betwe…
the maximum amount of water held by soil particles against th…
the water potential at which most plans can no longer retriev…
Water Potential
a measure of the water's potential energy
Matric Potential (Matrix Potential)
the potential energy generated by the attractive forces betwe…
53 terms
Ecology Chapter 3 Adaptations to Terrestrial Environments
A measure of water's potential energy;…
The potential energy generated by the…
The max amount of water held by the so…
~1.5MPa... Past this point, most plants c…
Water Potential
Matrix / Matric Potential
Field Capacity of soil
Wilting Point
A measure of water's potential energy;…
Water Potential
The potential energy generated by the…
Matrix / Matric Potential
28 terms
Ecology Chapter 4 Adaptations to Variable Environments
The variation in temperature and preci…
The typical atmospheric conditions tha…
Large-scale spatial variation is cause…
Small-scale variation is generated by…
Weather
Climate
Climate, land topography, and soil type.
plant structure... animal behavior
The variation in temperature and preci…
Weather
The typical atmospheric conditions tha…
Climate
48 terms
Ecology Ch. 3: Adaptation to the Physical Environment
thermophile
poikilotherm
ectotherm
homeotherm
an organism that tolerates high temperature
an organism whose internal temperature varies, often in respo…
an organism whose body temperature is determined by the exter…
an organism whose body temp is regulated within narrow limits
thermophile
an organism that tolerates high temperature
poikilotherm
an organism whose internal temperature varies, often in respo…
29 terms
Ecology: Chapter 2: Adaptations to Aquatic Environments
Ions
Saturation
Acidity
pH
atoms or groups of atoms that are electrically charged
the upper limit of solubility in water
the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
a measure of acidity or alkalinity, defined as pH = -log(H+ c…
Ions
atoms or groups of atoms that are electrically charged
Saturation
the upper limit of solubility in water
16 terms
Ecology: Chapter 4: Adaptations to Variable Environments
Weather
Climate
Phenotypic Trade - Off
Phenotypic Plasticity
the variation in temperature and precipitation over periods o…
the typical atmospheric conditions that occur throughout the…
a situation in which a given phenotype experiences higher fit…
the ability of a single genotype to produce multiple phenotypes
Weather
the variation in temperature and precipitation over periods o…
Climate
the typical atmospheric conditions that occur throughout the…
Ecology Test 1 - Adaptive Responses to the Environment
adaptation is an evolutionary response…
fitness is measured in terms of ...
when are fixed adaptations optimal? (t…
when are fixed adaptations not appropr…
1. heritable... 2. response to clearly defined environmental pro…
relative reproductive success
1. organisms experience one environment... 2. one phenotype is o…
1. each organism experiences several environments ... 2. no sing…
adaptation is an evolutionary response…
1. heritable... 2. response to clearly defined environmental pro…
fitness is measured in terms of ...
relative reproductive success
18 terms
Ecology Exam 1: Animal Adaptations to the Environment
Modes of animal nutrition
Types of Herbivory(hummingbirds, manat…
Types of Omnivores
Types of carnivores (african lion, sou…
1.herbivore-consumption of plant material... 2. Carnivore-consum…
grazers(feed on leafy plant material), browsers(feed on mostl…
american black bear, spectacled bear, snowy sheathbill, crabe…
first level-feed directly on herbivores... second level- feeds o…
Modes of animal nutrition
1.herbivore-consumption of plant material... 2. Carnivore-consum…
Types of Herbivory(hummingbirds, manat…
grazers(feed on leafy plant material), browsers(feed on mostl…
55 terms
Ecology- Ch. 4 Adaptions to Variable Environments
Ch.4 Concepts
Temporal variation
Weather
Climate
1. Ecological systems and processes vary in time and space.... 2…
Some _____________ in the environment is predictable (alterna…
The variations in temperature and precipitation over periods…
Typical atmospheric conditions that occur through the year, m…
Ch.4 Concepts
1. Ecological systems and processes vary in time and space.... 2…
Temporal variation
Some _____________ in the environment is predictable (alterna…
35 terms
Ecology Chapter 2 Adaptations to Aquatic Environments
Water is at its highest density at ___…
Ex: Fish have gas-filled swim bladders…
The thickness of a fluid that causes o…
Diatoms take silica out of water to su…
4
Adaptations to water density
Viscosity
Water being a good polar solvent. It can break up many compou…
Water is at its highest density at ___…
4
Ex: Fish have gas-filled swim bladders…
Adaptations to water density
35 terms
Ecology Ch 2: Adaptations to Aquatic Environments
thermal properties of water
density of water
viscosity
dissolved inorganic nutrients
-found as liquid, solid and gas under many conditions on eart…
Most dense at 4 degrees, ice is less dense than water so ice…
Thickness of a fluid, objects encounter resistance when movin…
-water is universal solvent due to polarity, allows for many…
thermal properties of water
-found as liquid, solid and gas under many conditions on eart…
density of water
Most dense at 4 degrees, ice is less dense than water so ice…
30 terms
Ecology Ch 3: Adaptations to Terrestrial Environments
water potential
matric potential
field capacity
wilting point
a measure of water's potential energy, affects movement of wa…
the potential energy generated by attractive forces between w…
maximum amount of water held by soil particles against the fo…
water potential at which most plants can no longer retrieve w…
water potential
a measure of water's potential energy, affects movement of wa…
matric potential
the potential energy generated by attractive forces between w…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
13 terms
Adaptations To The Environment
Abiotic
Biotic
Temperature
Light
Non-Living Factors i.e temperature, light intensity, moisture…
Living factors i.e plants, animals, bacteria and fungi.
Low temperatures cause cells to freeze and high temperatures…
Plants need to absorb light in order to photosynthesize to ga…
Abiotic
Non-Living Factors i.e temperature, light intensity, moisture…
Biotic
Living factors i.e plants, animals, bacteria and fungi.
30 terms
Adaptations to the Environment
deciduous forest
coniferous forest
rainforest
alpine tundra
...deciduous trees loose their leaves in the fall and winter…
...
...
...
deciduous forest
...deciduous trees loose their leaves in the fall and winter…
coniferous forest
...
10 terms
Adaptations to The Environment
Abiotic
Temperature
Light
pH
Non-Living
A measure of how hot or cold something is.
A special kind of natural or artificial energy that makes it…
The measure of how Acidic or how alkaline a substance is
Abiotic
Non-Living
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is.
43 terms
Fundamentals of Ecology final exam: Ch. 6: Plant Adaptations to the Environment
photosynthesis
photosynthesis is a complex sequence o…
light reactions
photosynthetic electron transport
the process by which energy from the Sun, in the form of PAR,…
light and dark reactions
begin w/ initial photochemical reaction where chlorophyll mol…
photon energy absorbed by chlorophyll molecules is released a…
photosynthesis
the process by which energy from the Sun, in the form of PAR,…
photosynthesis is a complex sequence o…
light and dark reactions
10 terms
Ecology Adaptations
Phenotypic trade-off
Phenotypic plasticity
Acclimation
Microhabitats
a situation in which a given phenotype experiences higher fit…
the ability of a single genotype to produce multiple phenotyp…
which is an environmentally induced change in an individual's…
locations within a habitat that differ in environmental condi…
Phenotypic trade-off
a situation in which a given phenotype experiences higher fit…
Phenotypic plasticity
the ability of a single genotype to produce multiple phenotyp…
11 terms
Ecology Exam 1: Plant Adaptations to the Environment (photosynthesis and light)
Light reactions of C3 plants
Dark rections of C3 plants
Rubisco
Photorespiration and photosynthesis fo…
chlorophyll and accessory pigments capture sunlight and produ…
Calvin cylge
a dark reaction enzyme that uses NADPH and ATP to fix CO2 int…
under high light exposure and oxygen concentrations, rubisco…
Light reactions of C3 plants
chlorophyll and accessory pigments capture sunlight and produ…
Dark rections of C3 plants
Calvin cylge
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
12 terms
Adapting to the Environment
ecosystem
polar
organism
adaptation
all the living and nonliving things in an area; the environment
very cold
living thing
characteristic that helps a living thing survive
ecosystem
all the living and nonliving things in an area; the environment
polar
very cold
8 terms
Ecology Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer Species
Invasive Species
a characteristic species that allows members of that species…
organisms are so similar that they can produce offspring whic…
first living things to move into an environment
invades an area and harms native species.
Adaptations
a characteristic species that allows members of that species…
Species
organisms are so similar that they can produce offspring whic…
20 terms
Adaptations to the Environment
Adaptation
Structural Adaptations
Mimicry
Camouflage
Any characteristic that makes it easier for an organism to su…
Beak size & shape; blubber; scales; body size; color; mimicry…
Copying the appearance or behavior of another animal for prot…
Changing body color or appearance for protection
Adaptation
Any characteristic that makes it easier for an organism to su…
Structural Adaptations
Beak size & shape; blubber; scales; body size; color; mimicry…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
12 terms
Ecology Exam 1: Plant Adaptations to the Environment (thermal, moisture and nutrients)
boundary layer
Types of leaves with reduced boundary…
Mortality of chill sensitive species
Mortality of Evergreen broadleaf species
the still air or water next to the surface of each leaf. A bo…
smaller leaves, deeply lobed leaves, compound leaves. This fa…
0-10 celsius
-15 and 0 celsius
boundary layer
the still air or water next to the surface of each leaf. A bo…
Types of leaves with reduced boundary…
smaller leaves, deeply lobed leaves, compound leaves. This fa…
17 terms
Adaptions to the environment
temperature
light
pH
water
no organisms can survive where low temperatures cause the cel…
a natural agent that is absorbed during photosynthesis is the…
many plants can only survive if the soil is within a particul…
all organisms require this, but some species have particular…
temperature
no organisms can survive where low temperatures cause the cel…
light
a natural agent that is absorbed during photosynthesis is the…
16 terms
Ecology - Adaptations
Adaptations
Species
Pioneer species
Native Species
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
The first species to move back into a lifeless environment.
A species that is naturally found in a habitat/ecosystem
Adaptations
Physical and behavioral traits that make an organism fitted t…
Species
A group of living things that are so closely related that the…
11 terms
Environments and Adaptations
biome
habitat
forest
grassland
A large area that has similar living things and about the sam…
The place where a plant or animal lives.
A large area in which there are many trees growing close toge…
A area made up of large, flat land that is covered with grass…
biome
A large area that has similar living things and about the sam…
habitat
The place where a plant or animal lives.
14 terms
Adaption to the environment.
Abiotic
Temperature
Light
pH
Physical features such as light, temperature, water and pH le…
Needs to be within a range for certain enzymes to function fu…
A source of energy for most food chains. Plants absorb this i…
Organisms with exposed living tissues are particularly suscep…
Abiotic
Physical features such as light, temperature, water and pH le…
Temperature
Needs to be within a range for certain enzymes to function fu…
18 terms
Adaptations and environment
Adaptation
Biotic
Abiotic
Habitat
Any feature that helps an organism to survive.
Living factors in the environment.
Non living factors in the environment.
A place where an organism lives.
Adaptation
Any feature that helps an organism to survive.
Biotic
Living factors in the environment.
10 terms
Ecology: Adaptations
What are invasive species?
List two examples of invasive species…
About how many plants and animals go e…
How do fungi in lichen benefit from th…
an organism that has been moved to a new habitat that success…
Asian Carp, Burmese Pythons, Lion Fish, Dandelions in your ya…
100
fungi get to decompose the growing algae and the food they pr…
What are invasive species?
an organism that has been moved to a new habitat that success…
List two examples of invasive species…
Asian Carp, Burmese Pythons, Lion Fish, Dandelions in your ya…
14 terms
Adaption To The Environment
Abiotic
Temperature
Light
pH
Physical feature such as sunlight, temperature and wind patte…
Within this range a species will be able to survive if their…
A source of food for most plants. Plants have have evolved pi…
The potential of Hydrogen
Abiotic
Physical feature such as sunlight, temperature and wind patte…
Temperature
Within this range a species will be able to survive if their…
14 terms
Adaptions to the Environment
Abiotic Factors
Temperature
Light
pH (Potential of Hydrogen)
Physical factors such as light, temperature, water and pH lev…
This is needed to allow enzymes and proteins to function corr…
A source energy for most food chains. Pants absorb this for p…
Organisms with exposed living tissues are particularly suscep…
Abiotic Factors
Physical factors such as light, temperature, water and pH lev…
Temperature
This is needed to allow enzymes and proteins to function corr…
12 terms
Adaptation to the environment
Abiotic Factor
Temperature
Light
pH
non living Chemical and physical parts of the environment tha…
To cold, cells freeze + to hot protein denature. animals adap…
Plants in woodland floor have red or blue pigments to make us…
organisms with exposed tissues can damage there enzyme if exp…
Abiotic Factor
non living Chemical and physical parts of the environment tha…
Temperature
To cold, cells freeze + to hot protein denature. animals adap…
46 terms
Ecology Lecture 3-organisms adapt to their physical environment, energy
ecology starts in the sun
light absorption by plants
light intensity varies with
energy flow
4H--> He + 2 photons at 13.6 million degrees... other fusion re…
chlorophylls absorb red and blue... carotenoids absorb green
solar constant: 1400 watts per square meter at top of atmosph…
energy flow among organisms is primarily chemical... ultimate s…
ecology starts in the sun
4H--> He + 2 photons at 13.6 million degrees... other fusion re…
light absorption by plants
chlorophylls absorb red and blue... carotenoids absorb green
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