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Study sets matching "ecology evolution biodiversity population"

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Study sets matching "ecology evolution biodiversity population"

14 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Biological Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Adaption/adaptive trait
consists of genetic change in population of organisms across…
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
proposed the idea of natural selection
a trait that promotes success
Biological Evolution
consists of genetic change in population of organisms across…
Natural Selection
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
52 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Adaptation
Adaptive Trait
Age Distribution
Age Structure
Inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
A trait that confers greater likelihood than an individual wi…
The relative numbers of organisms of each age within a popula…
See "age distribution."
Adaptation
Inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
Adaptive Trait
A trait that confers greater likelihood than an individual wi…
40 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity and Population Ecology
Evolution
natural selection
premises of natural selection
adaptation
change of genetic make-up of a species over time/change over…
traits that help survival are passed on "survival of the fitt…
-organisms struggle to survive and reproduce: some individual…
trait that promotes success. also known as an adaptive trait
Evolution
change of genetic make-up of a species over time/change over…
natural selection
traits that help survival are passed on "survival of the fitt…
40 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Species
evolution
natural selection
adaptation (adaptive trait)
Biology. the major subdivision of a genus or subgenus, regard…
change in the gene pool of a population from generation to ge…
inherited characteristics that enhance survival and reproduct…
the process by which traits that lead to increased reproducti…
Species
Biology. the major subdivision of a genus or subgenus, regard…
evolution
change in the gene pool of a population from generation to ge…
36 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Biological evolution
Understanding evolution is vital
In 1858, Darwin and Wallace both propo…
Social and economic factors affect spe…
genetic change in populations of organisms across generations…
It alters the genetic makeup of a population... It is important…
Organisms face a constant struggle to survive and reproduce... O…
Nature is viewed as an obstacle to development... Nature is view…
Biological evolution
genetic change in populations of organisms across generations…
Understanding evolution is vital
It alters the genetic makeup of a population... It is important…
15 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
adaptive trait
directional selection
disruptive selection
biodiversity
a trait that promotes success
selection that drives a feature one direction or another (sma…
traits diverge from their starting condition in two or more d…
total of all organisms in an area, taking into account the di…
adaptive trait
a trait that promotes success
directional selection
selection that drives a feature one direction or another (sma…
10 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
The fossil record clearly shows that _…
Heavy rains and mudslides cause a rive…
Most extinction is ________.
A population's age structure generally…
all species evolve from pre-existing species
the groups will probably diverge genetically, and speciation…
gradual
indicates the numbers (frequency, or percentage) of individua…
The fossil record clearly shows that _…
all species evolve from pre-existing species
Heavy rains and mudslides cause a rive…
the groups will probably diverge genetically, and speciation…
49 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Adaptation
Adaptive Trait
Age Distribution
Age Structure
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
any heritable trait that enables an organism to survive throu…
a model used in population geography that describes the ages…
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Adaptation
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Adaptive Trait
any heritable trait that enables an organism to survive throu…
53 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Species
Population
Evolution
Natural Selection
Particular type of organism.. A population or group of popula…
A group of individuals of a particular species that live in a…
Change over time.. Consists of genetic change in populations…
process by which inherited characteristics that enhance survi…
Species
Particular type of organism.. A population or group of popula…
Population
A group of individuals of a particular species that live in a…
61 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Biological Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin/Alfred Russell Wallace
adaptive trait/adaptation
consists of genetic change in population of organisms across…
process by which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
each independently proposed the concept of natural selection…
a trait that promotes success in an enviornment
Biological Evolution
consists of genetic change in population of organisms across…
Natural Selection
process by which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
13 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Survivorship Curves
Demographers
Immigration
R-selected
Graphs used to show how the likelihood of survival varies wit…
Scientists who study human populations
Arrival of individuals from outside the population
Species with high biotic potential and devote their energy an…
Survivorship Curves
Graphs used to show how the likelihood of survival varies wit…
Demographers
Scientists who study human populations
21 terms
Evolution, biodiversity, and population Ecology
Evolution
Natural Selection
Adaptive trait/ adaptation
Maladaptive
Consists of genetic change in organisms across generations
Process by which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
A trait that prompts success
A trait that reduces success
Evolution
Consists of genetic change in organisms across generations
Natural Selection
Process by which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
50 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Adaptation
Adaptive Trait
Age Distribution
Age Structure
Inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
A trait that confers greater likelihood than an individual wi…
The relative numbers of organisms of each age within a popula…
See "age distribution."
Adaptation
Inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
Adaptive Trait
A trait that confers greater likelihood than an individual wi…
84 terms
evolution, biodiversity and population ecology
case study: Hawaii's native birds
evolution: source of earth's biodivers…
biological evolution
random genetic changes
• Saving Hawaii's Native Forest Birds... • Evolution in the Hawa…
• Evolution- change over time... • Biological evolution- genetic…
o Refers to the change in inherited characteristics of a popu…
May proceed randomly... May be directed by natural selection... •…
case study: Hawaii's native birds
• Saving Hawaii's Native Forest Birds... • Evolution in the Hawa…
evolution: source of earth's biodivers…
• Evolution- change over time... • Biological evolution- genetic…
14 terms
Evolution,Biodiversity,and Population Ecology
Age Distribution
Population Density
Population Distribution/Dispersion
Population size
Describes the relative numbers of each age within a population
number of individuals in a population per area unit
is the spacial arrangement of organisms within a particular a…
number of individual organisms present at a given time
Age Distribution
Describes the relative numbers of each age within a population
Population Density
number of individuals in a population per area unit
67 terms
APES Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Passenger pigeon
Natural Selection
Alfred Russell Wallace
Logistical growth curve
Once most abundant bird in N. America; more than all other N.…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
English naturalist who proposed, independently of Charles Dar…
A population graph that initial shows exponential growth and…
Passenger pigeon
Once most abundant bird in N. America; more than all other N.…
Natural Selection
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
54 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology (3)
adaptation
adaptive trait
age distribution
age structure
from one generation to another through time, traits that lead…
a trait that confers a greater likelihood that an individual…
the relative numbers of organisms of each age within a popula…
the relative numbers of organisms of each age within a popula…
adaptation
from one generation to another through time, traits that lead…
adaptive trait
a trait that confers a greater likelihood that an individual…
17 terms
Biology: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
evolution
natural selection
adaptation
biodiversity
genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
the process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
a trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
the sum total of all organisms in an area, taking into accoun…
evolution
genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
natural selection
the process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
67 terms
AP Environmental Science (Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology)
Passenger pigeon
Natural Selection
Alfred Russell Wallace
Logistical growth curve
Once most abundant bird in N. America; more than all other N.…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
English naturalist who proposed, independently of Charles Dar…
A population graph that initial shows exponential growth and…
Passenger pigeon
Once most abundant bird in N. America; more than all other N.…
Natural Selection
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
25 terms
Chapter 4 Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Natural Selection
mutations
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace
adaptive trait or adaptation
The process by which inherited characteristics that enhance s…
Accidental alterations that arise during DNA replication whic…
These individuals independently proposed the concept of natur…
A trait that promotes success
Natural Selection
The process by which inherited characteristics that enhance s…
mutations
Accidental alterations that arise during DNA replication whic…
58 terms
Chapter 3 - Evolution, biodiversity, and population ecology
species
population
evolution
natural selection
a population or group of populations whose members share char…
a group of individuals of a particular species that live in a…
change in populations of organisms across generations
process by which inherited characteristics that enhance survi…
species
a population or group of populations whose members share char…
population
a group of individuals of a particular species that live in a…
37 terms
APES Chapter 5 Evolution, Biodiversity and Population Ecology
evolution
natural selection
Darwin, Charles
adaptation
genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
the process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
English naturalist who proposed the concept of natural select…
a trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
evolution
genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
natural selection
the process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
96 terms
APES Ch3 Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Why are birds going extinct in Hawaii?
Biological Evolution
Natural Selection
Hardy-Weinberg Equation
1. its a small population 2. habitat loss 3. invasive predato…
change of populations of organisms across time
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
p^2 + 2pq + q^2 = 1
Why are birds going extinct in Hawaii?
1. its a small population 2. habitat loss 3. invasive predato…
Biological Evolution
change of populations of organisms across time
57 terms
Chapter Five: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Biological Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Alfred Russell Wallace
Genetic change in populations of organisms across generations…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
1809-1882 English naturalist and scientist whose theory of ev…
English naturalist who proposed, independently of Charles Dar…
Biological Evolution
Genetic change in populations of organisms across generations…
Natural Selection
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
63 terms
APES Chapter 5 Evolution, Biodiversity, Population Ecology
Biological evolution
natural selection
what are the evolutionary process that…
Why was Charles Darwin and Alfred Russ…
genetic change in populations of organisms across generations
process in which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
pesticide resistance, agriculture, medicine, and environmenta…
they both independently proposed the idea of natural selectio…
Biological evolution
genetic change in populations of organisms across generations
natural selection
process in which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
47 terms
ES - Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Species
Population
Evolution
Natural selection
A particular type of organism or, a population or group or po…
Group of individuals of a particular species that live in a p…
Change over time
Process by which inherited characteristics that enhance survi…
Species
A particular type of organism or, a population or group or po…
Population
Group of individuals of a particular species that live in a p…
27 terms
Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology (Ch. 3)
Species
Population
Evolution
Natural Selection
a population of a particular type of organism whose members s…
group of individuals of a particular species
broad sense: change over time... biological: changes in populati…
process by which inherited characteristics that enhance survi…
Species
a population of a particular type of organism whose members s…
Population
group of individuals of a particular species
37 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Species:
Population:
Evolution:
Natural Selection:
a population or group of populations..... -Whose members share…
a group of individuals of a species that live in the same area
menas change over time... - Biological evolution: genetic chang…
The process whereby inherited characteristics that enhance su…
Species:
a population or group of populations..... -Whose members share…
Population:
a group of individuals of a species that live in the same area
48 terms
Ch. 5 Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
adaptation
adaptive trait
age distribution
age structure
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
a heritable trait that enhances an individuals fitness; an ev…
A model used in population geography that describes the ages…
the relative number of individuals of each age in a population
adaptation
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
adaptive trait
a heritable trait that enhances an individuals fitness; an ev…
45 terms
Ch. 5: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Biological Evolution
Natural selection
Logic of natural selection (Darwin & W…
Adaptive trait (adaption)
Genetic changes as a result of natural selection. aka "Descen…
- Darwinism... - Traits that improve chances of survival/reprodu…
- Struggle to reproduce/survive... - Produce more offspring than…
traits that cause better reproduction rates in a given enviro…
Biological Evolution
Genetic changes as a result of natural selection. aka "Descen…
Natural selection
- Darwinism... - Traits that improve chances of survival/reprodu…
40 terms
Chapter 4: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913)
genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
English naturalist who proposed the concept of natural select…
English naturalist who proposed, independently of Charles Dar…
evolution
genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and…
Natural Selection
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
40 terms
APES - Evolution, Biodiversity, & Population Ecology (Chap. 3)
Evolution
Natural selection
Species
Population
Genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
A population or group of populations whose members share cert…
A group of individuals of a particular species that live in t…
Evolution
Genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
Natural selection
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
40 terms
APES - Evolution, Biodiversity, & Population Ecology (Chap. 3)
Evolution
Natural selection
Species
Population
Genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
A population or group of populations whose members share cert…
A group of individuals of a particular species that live in t…
Evolution
Genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
Natural selection
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
63 terms
Ch 3: evolution, biodiversity, & population ecology
Species
Population
Evolution
Natural selection
A particular type of organism or, more precisely, a populatio…
A group of individuals of a particular species that live in a…
Change over time. Genetically based change in the appearance,…
The process by which inherited characteristics that enhance s…
Species
A particular type of organism or, more precisely, a populatio…
Population
A group of individuals of a particular species that live in a…
33 terms
Ch 3- Evolution, Biodiversity, Population Ecology
fitness
converge evolution
Diverge evolution
speciation
how effective you are to pass on your genes
unrelated species may acquire similar traits bc they live in…
common ancestor--> change to adapt to the environment
produces new species from single species
fitness
how effective you are to pass on your genes
converge evolution
unrelated species may acquire similar traits bc they live in…
53 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, biodiversity, and population ecology
Species
Population
Evolution
Natural selection
population or a group of populations
group of one species that live in the same area
change over time (biological) and change in population
process whereby inherited characteristics that enhance surviv…
Species
population or a group of populations
Population
group of one species that live in the same area
60 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Evolution
Biological Evolution
Natural Selection
Adaptive Trait (adaptation)
change over time
genetic change in populations of organisms across generations
process by which traits that enhance survival and reproductio…
a trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Evolution
change over time
Biological Evolution
genetic change in populations of organisms across generations
20 terms
Chapter 5- Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
adaptive trait
biodiversity
carrying capacity
density dependent
trait that causes a greater likelihood of reproduction
total organisms in an area with diversity in species, genes,…
greatest population an environment can support
limiting factor on population size related to population dens…
adaptive trait
trait that causes a greater likelihood of reproduction
biodiversity
total organisms in an area with diversity in species, genes,…
20 terms
Ch3 Evolution, Biodiversity, & Population Ecology
Adaptive Trait
Biodiversity
Carrying Capcity
Density Dependent
a trait with a current functional role in the life of an orga…
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
The maximum population size that a given environment can sust…
A limiting factor whose effects on a population increase or d…
Adaptive Trait
a trait with a current functional role in the life of an orga…
Biodiversity
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
39 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Biological Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Mutation
Change in the appearance, functioning, and/or behavior of org…
The process where traits that enhance survival and reproducti…
English naturalist who proposed the concept of natural select…
An accidental change in DNA that is responsible for genetic c…
Biological Evolution
Change in the appearance, functioning, and/or behavior of org…
Natural Selection
The process where traits that enhance survival and reproducti…
37 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Species:
Population:
Evolution:
Natural Selection:
a population or group of populations..... -Whose members share…
a group of individuals of a species that live in the same area
menas change over time... - Biological evolution: genetic chang…
The process whereby inherited characteristics that enhance su…
Species:
a population or group of populations..... -Whose members share…
Population:
a group of individuals of a species that live in the same area
20 terms
Ch.3 Evolution, Biodiversity, & Population Ecology
Adaptive Trait
Biodiversity
Carrying Capacity
Density Dependent
A trait that changes over time to help an individual adapt
A variety of life in a biological organization level
When the population has met the maximum the environment can s…
A factor that is limiting on the population which either incr…
Adaptive Trait
A trait that changes over time to help an individual adapt
Biodiversity
A variety of life in a biological organization level
65 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Explain the natural selection and cite…
Describe how evolution influences biod…
Discuss reasons for species extinction…
List the levels of ecological organiza…
...
...
...
...
Explain the natural selection and cite…
...
Describe how evolution influences biod…
...
49 terms
Chapter 5: Evolution, Biodiversity and Population Ecology
Adaptation
Adaptive Trait
Age Distribution
Age Structure
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
any heritable trait that enables an organism to survive throu…
a model used in population geography that describes the ages…
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Adaptation
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Adaptive Trait
any heritable trait that enables an organism to survive throu…
20 terms
Ch 3 - Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Adaptive Trait
Biodiversity
Carrying Capacity
Density Dependent
A trait that gives an animal a better chance at surviving and…
All varieties of life including their species, genes, and pop…
The maximum population size that a environment can handle
A factor that increases or decreases on the population and po…
Adaptive Trait
A trait that gives an animal a better chance at surviving and…
Biodiversity
All varieties of life including their species, genes, and pop…
20 terms
CH 3 - Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
adaptive trait
biodiversity
carrying capacity
density dependent
trait that an organism maintains and evolves over time throug…
variety of life in a particular habitat or ecosystem
maximum number of organisms that a region can support without…
factors where the effects on the size or growth of a populati…
adaptive trait
trait that an organism maintains and evolves over time throug…
biodiversity
variety of life in a particular habitat or ecosystem
48 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Species
Population
Evolution
Natural Selection
A population or group of populations of a particular type of…
A group of organisms of the same species that live in the sam…
Genetically based change in the appearance, functioning, and/…
The process by which traits that enhance survival and reprodu…
Species
A population or group of populations of a particular type of…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species that live in the sam…
70 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, biodiversity, and population ecology
species
population
evolution
natural selection
population or group of populations whose members share charac…
group of individuals of a particular species that live in a p…
change in traits in populations of organisms over time
process by which inherited characteristics that enhance survi…
species
population or group of populations whose members share charac…
population
group of individuals of a particular species that live in a p…
30 terms
Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity, Population Ecology
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin & Alfred Russel Wallace
Species
Adaptation
a way to explain how things evolve and the great variety of l…
(1858) proposed the idea/concept of natural selection
a population whose members share certain traits and breed wit…
traits that promote reproductive success
Natural Selection
a way to explain how things evolve and the great variety of l…
Charles Darwin & Alfred Russel Wallace
(1858) proposed the idea/concept of natural selection
20 terms
Ch 3 - Evolution, Biodiversity, and Population Ecology
Adaptive trait
Biodiversity
Carrying capacity
Density dependent
A trait from the genes of an organism used to help its reprod…
Many types of organisms in the world
How much something can hold or withstand
Mechanism that regulate population size
Adaptive trait
A trait from the genes of an organism used to help its reprod…
Biodiversity
Many types of organisms in the world
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