Study sets matching "economic botany"

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Study sets matching "economic botany"

39 terms
Economic botany
Barley
Corn
Millet
Oats
Hordeum vulgare
Zea mays
Pennisetum glaucum
Avena sativa
Barley
Hordeum vulgare
Corn
Zea mays
93 terms
Economic Botany Lab final
Whorls
Number of parts
Flower anatomy
Complete
- Outer whorl is the calyx and consists of sepals which is ou…
- dicot: 4/5 or multiples of... - monocot: 3 or multiples of
has all 4 whorls
Whorls
- Outer whorl is the calyx and consists of sepals which is ou…
Number of parts
- dicot: 4/5 or multiples of... - monocot: 3 or multiples of
Economic Botany
Capsicum annuum
Capsicum frutescens
Capsicum chinense
Capsicum baccatum
most widely cultivated, bell peppers and hot peppers (cayenne)
fiery tobasco peppers
habanero, hotted chili pepper known
most widely grown pepper in South America, Aji
Capsicum annuum
most widely cultivated, bell peppers and hot peppers (cayenne)
Capsicum frutescens
fiery tobasco peppers
Economic botany
Drug
Herbal medicine
herbal
Medical System
...
...
...
...
Drug
...
Herbal medicine
...
37 terms
Botany Lab: Economic Botany
Broccoli
Celery
Carrot
Potato
Plant Structure: inflorescents ... Notes: collection of immatur…
Plant Structure: petiole... Notes: the stalk that joins a leaf…
Plant Structure: root... Notes: contains starch; taproot
Plant Structure: stem... Notes: **specialized underground stora…
Broccoli
Plant Structure: inflorescents ... Notes: collection of immatur…
Celery
Plant Structure: petiole... Notes: the stalk that joins a leaf…
51 terms
Economic Botany
__________ are ancestors of the Plant…
land plants include... A_____________... B__…
non-vascular plants consist of _______…
Seedless vascular plants include
Green algae
A- non-vascular plants... B-vascular plants... -i:Seedless vascula…
Bryophytes (Liverworts, mosses, hornworts)
Several groups such as horsetail and true ferns
__________ are ancestors of the Plant…
Green algae
land plants include... A_____________... B__…
A- non-vascular plants... B-vascular plants... -i:Seedless vascula…
11 terms
Economic Botany
Banana
Black Pepper
Coffee
Vanilla
Musa Acuminata
P. Migrum
Coffea Arabica
Vanilla Planifolie
Banana
Musa Acuminata
Black Pepper
P. Migrum
37 terms
Economic botany
Wheat
Bread Wheat
Durum Wheat
Rye
Family: Poaceae (grasses)... Genus: Triticum
Triticum aestivum
Tritcum durum
Secale cereale
Wheat
Family: Poaceae (grasses)... Genus: Triticum
Bread Wheat
Triticum aestivum
89 terms
Economic Botany
edaphic
hardiness
biome
vegetation
pertaining to soil conditions that influence plant growth
the capacity of a plant to survive under harsh conditions, su…
an ecological term for a major type of natural vegetation tha…
consists of all the plants species of a defined region (the f…
edaphic
pertaining to soil conditions that influence plant growth
hardiness
the capacity of a plant to survive under harsh conditions, su…
10 terms
Economic Botany
Saponification
Rancidification
the wheat grain is (..................…
The aleurone layer in wheat grain is r…
a process of soap formation
chemical decomposition of fats
one
Yes
Saponification
a process of soap formation
Rancidification
chemical decomposition of fats
25 terms
Economic Botany
Xylem
Phloem
Achene
Ovule
Basic function to conduct water
Basic function to conduct dissolved sugars
a dry, indehiscent, very small one-seeded fruit derived from…
the structure that gives rise to and contains the female repr…
Xylem
Basic function to conduct water
Phloem
Basic function to conduct dissolved sugars
11 terms
Economic Botany
Banana
Black Pepper
Coffee
Vanilla
Musa acumihata
Piper nigrum
Coffea arabica
Vanilla plantifolia
Banana
Musa acumihata
Black Pepper
Piper nigrum
Economic Botany
Tomato
Watermelon
Lemon and Orange
Raspberry
-Type of Fruit: Berry ... -Characteristics: exocarp and mesocarp…
-Type of Fruit: Berry ... -Characteristics: pepo- thick hard rin…
-Type of Fruit: Berry ... -Characteristics: leathery rind, three…
-Type of Fruit: Multiple Fruit ... -Characteristics: Bumpy surfa…
Tomato
-Type of Fruit: Berry ... -Characteristics: exocarp and mesocarp…
Watermelon
-Type of Fruit: Berry ... -Characteristics: pepo- thick hard rin…
21 terms
Economic Botany
Malus X domesticus
Pyrus communis
Cydonia oblonga
Maloideae
Apple
Pear
Quince
Pome fruits
Malus X domesticus
Apple
Pyrus communis
Pear
economic botany
Cocos nucifera
Datura spp.
Hyoscyamus
Atropa
the coconut
jimsonweeds; alkaloid
henbane; alkaloid
nightshades; alkaloid
Cocos nucifera
the coconut
Datura spp.
jimsonweeds; alkaloid
33 terms
Economic Botany
_________ are ancestors of the Plantae
__________ have one embryonic leaf, or…
Land plants include:_______-__________…
Angiosperm consist of two criteria.
Green Algae
Monocots, Cotyledon, Dicots.
Non-vascular, Seedless vascular, Seed plants.... Seed plants... Fo…
Monocots and dicots
_________ are ancestors of the Plantae
Green Algae
__________ have one embryonic leaf, or…
Monocots, Cotyledon, Dicots.
Economic Botany
early hominids
plant domestication started _______ ye…
domestication:
cultivation:
australopithecus africanus, homo erectus, homo sapiens neanth…
20,000 years ago; 1/10
genetic change
modification of the environment
early hominids
australopithecus africanus, homo erectus, homo sapiens neanth…
plant domestication started _______ ye…
20,000 years ago; 1/10
140 terms
Economic Botany Mid-term
List the importance of plants (11)
Are we doing enough to create awareness?
Define & Give Example:... Stolons-
Define & Give Example:... Rhizomes-
-Aesthetics... -Medicine... -Food... -Industrial Products... -Recreation…
"Zoo-centric" American society... -Children picture books... -Anima…
An elongated horizontal stem growing alongside the surface of…
Horizontal, swollen underground stems. (Ginger)
List the importance of plants (11)
-Aesthetics... -Medicine... -Food... -Industrial Products... -Recreation…
Are we doing enough to create awareness?
"Zoo-centric" American society... -Children picture books... -Anima…
23 terms
Economic Botany- FIbers
what are the plant-derived fibers comp…
characteristics of plant fiber structure
Structural properties of fibers
soft fiber that come from the phloem o…
cellulose and other polysaccharides
usually dead at maturity... -secondary cell walls... -elongated cel…
-round fibers silkier and smoother than flat ones... -tensile st…
bast fibers
what are the plant-derived fibers comp…
cellulose and other polysaccharides
characteristics of plant fiber structure
usually dead at maturity... -secondary cell walls... -elongated cel…
Economic Botany
Soybean
Common bean
Pea
Black-eyed pea
Glycine max
Phaseolus vulgaris
Pisum sativum
Vigna unguiculata
Soybean
Glycine max
Common bean
Phaseolus vulgaris
43 terms
Economic Botany
Prunus dulcis - Rosaceae
Malus pumila (M. domestica) - Rosaceae
Prunus - Rosaceae
Rubus spp. - Rosaceae
Almond
Apple
Apricot
Black Berries
Prunus dulcis - Rosaceae
Almond
Malus pumila (M. domestica) - Rosaceae
Apple
42 terms
Economic Botany-Week 4
Sexual Reproduction
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternative of generations
the process by which two gametes fuse to produce offspring th…
diploid, spore producing. Typically produced by diploid sporo…
haploid gamete producing
involves the cycling between distinct sporophyte and gametoph…
Sexual Reproduction
the process by which two gametes fuse to produce offspring th…
sporophyte
diploid, spore producing. Typically produced by diploid sporo…
economic botany
Arabica
Robusta
Sugar Transport
Coca-Cola
climate sensitive... less caffeine and chlorogenic acid... self-pol…
tolerates hot/cold conditions... bitter... monocrop grown
1.Sucrose prod. thru photosynthesis in leaves... 2. moves thru p…
Original used extract of coca leaves (cocaine!) & cola seeds…
Arabica
climate sensitive... less caffeine and chlorogenic acid... self-pol…
Robusta
tolerates hot/cold conditions... bitter... monocrop grown
53 terms
Economic Botany Quiz 3
Family Bromeliaceae
Family Bromeliaceae Genus Tillandsia
Family Bromeliaceae Genus Ananas
Family Musaceae
Pineapples... ~3000 species... primarily tropical american and only…
Spanish Moss (T. Uneiodes)... -trichomes that condesne water fro…
Pineapples... -the part you eat is a multiple fruit... -modern cult…
-monocots; only two genera... -native to africa and s. asia, all…
Family Bromeliaceae
Pineapples... ~3000 species... primarily tropical american and only…
Family Bromeliaceae Genus Tillandsia
Spanish Moss (T. Uneiodes)... -trichomes that condesne water fro…
economic botany test 2
Family: Oleaceae
Oleaceae
(Oleaceae) Genus: Olea (O. europa)
Olive Oil
Genera of the Family: ... Fraxinus-Ash tree; N.America(threat:em…
-the olive family... -juice of the fruit of the olive tree... ~600…
~24 spp. ... not greatly cultivated, save for one = O. europa... on…
the juice of fruit of the olive tree... -about 98% of the worlds…
Family: Oleaceae
Genera of the Family: ... Fraxinus-Ash tree; N.America(threat:em…
Oleaceae
-the olive family... -juice of the fruit of the olive tree... ~600…
59 terms
Economic Botany Quiz 1
Cultural Evolution
Food Plants
Animal - Plant Coevolution
Plant Storage
transmission of learned knowledge toward new technologies whi…
150 plant species are economically important in humans consum…
Hummingbirds and tubular flowers; flower length for pollinati…
example: Potato (swollen stems of underground plant)... purpose…
Cultural Evolution
transmission of learned knowledge toward new technologies whi…
Food Plants
150 plant species are economically important in humans consum…
29 terms
Economic Botany-Week 3
growth
development
annuals
biennials
process by which the number and size of cells increase
is the process by which a few or single-celled reproductive s…
live for one growing season
flower in the second year of a two-year life span
growth
process by which the number and size of cells increase
development
is the process by which a few or single-celled reproductive s…
33 terms
Economic Botany-Week 5
endosperm
dicotyledonous
monocotyledonous
seed coat
the nutrient rich storage tissue that will feed the seed when…
two cotyledons during embryo development
one cotyledons during embryo development
formed from the integuments. Acts as a protective shell aroun…
endosperm
the nutrient rich storage tissue that will feed the seed when…
dicotyledonous
two cotyledons during embryo development
59 terms
Economic Botany Quiz 1
primary compounds
secondary compounds
photosynthesis
respiration
plant compounds that are primary products of photosynthesis,…
not a part of a plant's photosynthetic or metabolic system, s…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
the process of taking in oxygen and breaking down sugars to y…
primary compounds
plant compounds that are primary products of photosynthesis,…
secondary compounds
not a part of a plant's photosynthetic or metabolic system, s…
Economic Botany terms
Tobacco
Tea
Opium poppy
Marijuana, cannibus
Nicotiana tobacum
Camellia sinensis
Papaver somniferum
Cannabis sativa
Tobacco
Nicotiana tobacum
Tea
Camellia sinensis
17 terms
Economic Botany: LEGUMES
What is the family of these 3 subfamil…
Seeds high in carbs, 1, fats and 2.
How many AA's are required to make pro…
Symbiotic, mutualistic association of…
Leguminosae
1. proteins... 2. fiber
20... 8
1. flavonoids... 2. Infection... 3. vesicles... 4. plants
What is the family of these 3 subfamil…
Leguminosae
Seeds high in carbs, 1, fats and 2.
1. proteins... 2. fiber
33 terms
economic botany- nuts handout
nut
which "nuts" are not nuts
what is the scientific name for pecan
where are pecans native
dry fruit thats single seeded and has a pericarp surrounded b…
peanuts, cashews, and almonds are seeds
Carya illinoinensis
mexica and american southwest
nut
dry fruit thats single seeded and has a pericarp surrounded b…
which "nuts" are not nuts
peanuts, cashews, and almonds are seeds
10 terms
Economic Botany: NUTS
A dry fruit that is single seeded with…
Mexico and American SW; temperate nut.
Europe and Asia; trees are allelopathi…
North America; hard shell and strong t…
Nut
Pecan; Carya illinoinensis
Walnut; Juglans regia. TEMPERATE
Black walnut; juglans nigra. TEMPERATE
A dry fruit that is single seeded with…
Nut
Mexico and American SW; temperate nut.
Pecan; Carya illinoinensis
10 terms
Economic Botany: POLLINATION
What attractants are biotic pollinator…
What rewards are biotic pollinators wa…
Vector: Large and awkward, poor vision…
Vector: active during the day, good vi…
Odor, color and warmth
nectar and pollen
Beetle pollination.... Beetle likes to eat the flower parts... Vict…
Butterfly pollination
What attractants are biotic pollinator…
Odor, color and warmth
What rewards are biotic pollinators wa…
nectar and pollen
41 terms
Economic Botany: Leaf Crops
formation of lettuce heads
what will happen to lettuce if not pic…
when are now shoots of endive and hick…
what is roasted, ground, or added to c…
suppression of lateral buds
the lettuce will bolt
In absence of light
chicory root
formation of lettuce heads
suppression of lateral buds
what will happen to lettuce if not pic…
the lettuce will bolt
164 terms
Economic Botany final
Apple... Orignated Asia... - A pome
Barley... Originated Middle East... - US use…
Coconut... - A drupe... - When it lands on a…
Orange... - Originated in Asia
Malus pumila
Hordeum vulgare
Cocos nucifera
Citrus xsinensis
Apple... Orignated Asia... - A pome
Malus pumila
Barley... Originated Middle East... - US use…
Hordeum vulgare
43 terms
Economic Botany- Human Nutrition
-fat soluble vitamins
water soluble vitamins
minerals
-bone density greatly reduced resultin…
A, D, E, K
C, 8 B-complex
P, N, Ca
osteoporosis
-fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, K
water soluble vitamins
C, 8 B-complex
29 terms
Economic Botany: GRASSES AND GRAINS
70% of earth farmlands used for this p…
Cereal grain family?
Grasses have rhizomes or 1 along the s…
Grass leaves consist of the blade or 1…
Cereal grains
Poaceae
1. stolons... 2. culms
1. Lamina
70% of earth farmlands used for this p…
Cereal grains
Cereal grain family?
Poaceae
59 terms
Economic Botany: VEGETABLES
A plant that completes its life cycle…
A plant that takes two years to comple…
A plant that lives for more than two y…
Primary growth with shoots and roots a…
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Apical Meristems
A plant that completes its life cycle…
Annual
A plant that takes two years to comple…
Biennial
59 terms
Economic botany- vegetable oils and waxes
insoluble in water
importance of fats and oils
consist of glycerol and fatty acids
has a kink in its shape wherever a dou…
lipids
-energy storage... -vitamin absorption
fats and oils
fatty acid
insoluble in water
lipids
importance of fats and oils
-energy storage... -vitamin absorption
70 terms
Economic Botany FRUITS
Angiosperms
A mature ovary of a flower along with…
Ovary develops into __1__ and ovule de…
Simple Ovary
Vessel seed
A fruit
1. fruit 2. seed
One carpel
Angiosperms
Vessel seed
A mature ovary of a flower along with…
A fruit
Economic Botany Exam 1
Animal cells
Plant cells
Meristem
Apical meristem
eukaryotic cells with complex structures within membranes tha…
1) have cell wall which is essential for protection of the ce…
a region of plant tissue, found chiefly at the growing tips o…
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Animal cells
eukaryotic cells with complex structures within membranes tha…
Plant cells
1) have cell wall which is essential for protection of the ce…
47 terms
economic botany exam 1
achene
grain
nut
follicle
dry, indehiscent, one seed, separates from wall
dry, indehiscent, one seed, pericarp fused to wall
dry, indehiscent, one seed, hard/bony pericarp
dry, dehiscent, splits on one side
achene
dry, indehiscent, one seed, separates from wall
grain
dry, indehiscent, one seed, pericarp fused to wall
14 terms
Economic Botany Lab Midterm
Parts of a Flower
Receptacle
Sepal
Petal
Receptacle, Sepal, Petal, Stamen, Anther, Pistil, Stigma, Ovary
The part of a flower stalk where the parts of the flower are…
The outer parts of the flower (often green and leaf-like) tha…
The parts of a flower that are often conspicuously colored
Parts of a Flower
Receptacle, Sepal, Petal, Stamen, Anther, Pistil, Stigma, Ovary
Receptacle
The part of a flower stalk where the parts of the flower are…
Economic Botany Lab final
Whorls
Number of parts
Flower anatomy
Complete
- Outer whorl is the calyx and consists of sepals which is ou…
- dicot: 4/5 or multiples of... - monocot: 3 or multiples of
has all 4 whorls
Whorls
- Outer whorl is the calyx and consists of sepals which is ou…
Number of parts
- dicot: 4/5 or multiples of... - monocot: 3 or multiples of
201 terms
Economic Botany final
What important thing did plants do due…
cellulose
what things did plants do to avoid des…
what do mosses still need to reproduce?
plants began as green algae where it would float in water but…
the basic structural component of plant cell walls
- thicker cell walls were adapted ... - plant structure changed…
mosses are still old school. They are whats left of plants fr…
What important thing did plants do due…
plants began as green algae where it would float in water but…
cellulose
the basic structural component of plant cell walls
32 terms
Economic Botany: Wood, Cork, and Bamboo
secondary phloem and cork
secondary xylem
produces secondary xylem and phloem
-tracheids and vessels... -parenchyma (ax…
bark
wood
vascular cambium
secondary xylem
secondary phloem and cork
bark
secondary xylem
wood
14 terms
Economic Botany: ORIGINS OF AGRICULTURE
How many plants do humans use?
What caused the shift from hunter-gath…
Is there a written record of early att…
One large stalk terminated by a tassel…
About 3000 and several hundred are cultivated.
Worldwide climate change increased rates of photosynthesis an…
No.
Artificial selection in corn
How many plants do humans use?
About 3000 and several hundred are cultivated.
What caused the shift from hunter-gath…
Worldwide climate change increased rates of photosynthesis an…
51 terms
Economic Botany: Chapter 16
Coffee
Parkinson's
Coffee can help lower
Rubiaceae
Most important source of antioxidants in US diet
Cells in brain that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine is…
Effects of Parkinson's, Type 2 diabetes, fight cancer, heart…
Coffee family
Coffee
Most important source of antioxidants in US diet
Parkinson's
Cells in brain that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine is…
43 terms
Economic Botany - Lecture 9
ecosystem
ecosystem services
supporting services
Gross Primary Production (GPP)
community of living organisms and their interaction with thei…
1. supporting services... 2. provisioning services... 3. regulating…
- primary production... - soil formation... - nutrient cycling
- total primary production in an ecosystem... - amount of energy…
ecosystem
community of living organisms and their interaction with thei…
ecosystem services
1. supporting services... 2. provisioning services... 3. regulating…
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