Study sets matching "ecosystems and communities"

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Study sets matching "ecosystems and communities"

17 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Commensalism
Parasitism
Mutualism
Symbiosis
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the ot…
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and one or…
Symbiotic relationship where both species benefit
A relationship in which two species live close together
Commensalism
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the ot…
Parasitism
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and one or…
16 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Weather
Climate
The Greenhouse Effect
Habitat
Daily condition of Earth's atmosphere
Average weather conditions over long periods of time
Phenomenon in which solar energy enters the biosphere, but sl…
The general place in which an organism resides
Weather
Daily condition of Earth's atmosphere
Climate
Average weather conditions over long periods of time
19 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Commensalism
Parasitism
Mutualism
Symbiosis
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the ot…
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and one or…
Symbiotic relationship where both species benefit
A relationship in which two species live close together
Commensalism
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the ot…
Parasitism
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and one or…
29 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
ecosystem
biotic environment
abiotic environment
1. average temperature... 2. average rain…
A community of biological organisms plus the non-living compo…
The living organisms within an area
the chemical resources and physical conditions within an area.
What weather conditions determine the type of terrestrial bio…
ecosystem
A community of biological organisms plus the non-living compo…
biotic environment
The living organisms within an area
communities and Ecosystems
Community
Organisms
Population
Ecosystem
is the interactions of all living things in an area
living things that are sometimes called organisms
is a group of the same type of organisms existing in an area
is all the living things in an area AND their habitat
Community
is the interactions of all living things in an area
Organisms
living things that are sometimes called organisms
Communities and ecosystems
Ecosystem
Trophic level
The ecological organisational structure.
Food chain with trophic levels.
is a community of interdependent organisms and the physical e…
is the position an organism (or group of organisms in a commu…
Ecosystem
is a community of interdependent organisms and the physical e…
Trophic level
is the position an organism (or group of organisms in a commu…
19 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Commensalism
Parasitism
Mutualism
Symbiosis
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the ot…
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and one or…
Symbiotic relationship where both species benefit
A relationship in which two species live close together
Commensalism
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the ot…
Parasitism
Symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and one or…
18 terms
communities and ecosystems
community
predator
prey
ecosystem
the group of all the populations in the area
a consumer that hunts and eats other animals
any animal that is hunted by others for food
all the living and nonliving things in area and their interac…
community
the group of all the populations in the area
predator
a consumer that hunts and eats other animals
Communities and Ecosystems
Community
Exosystem
Respiration
Photosynthesis
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
A community and the physical environment it interacts with.
The conversion of organic matter into carbon dioxide and wate…
The process by which green plants make their own food from wa…
Community
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
Exosystem
A community and the physical environment it interacts with.
25 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
Community
Interspecific Interactions
Ecological Niche
fundamental niche
an assemblage of populations living close enough together for…
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, and disease (be…
the sum total of an organism's use of biotic and abiotic reso…
the set of resources a population is theoretically capable of…
Community
an assemblage of populations living close enough together for…
Interspecific Interactions
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, and disease (be…
Communities and Ecosystems
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Energy flow through ecosystems
Any group of organisms coexisting at the same time in the sam…
Any ecologically integrated group of species inhabiting any g…
The organisms living in a particular area together with the p…
The ultimate source of energy on the planet is the sun (direc…
Population
Any group of organisms coexisting at the same time in the sam…
Community
Any ecologically integrated group of species inhabiting any g…
44 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
ecology
biotic and abiotic
biotic factors
abiotic factors
study of interactions of organisms with their environments
two major variables in ecology
all of the living components (anything considered living)
nonliving component, the physical and chemical factors
ecology
study of interactions of organisms with their environments
biotic and abiotic
two major variables in ecology
14 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
competition (in communities)
resource
predation (in communities)
predator
when organisms of the same or different species attempt to us…
any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food,…
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
organism that does the killing and eating
competition (in communities)
when organisms of the same or different species attempt to us…
resource
any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food,…
29 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
Biological Community
Community Dynamics
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
is an assemblage of all the populations of organisms living c…
The variability and stability in species composition within a…
The living organisms that effect other living organisms withi…
The nonliving chemicals and physical structures within an eco…
Biological Community
is an assemblage of all the populations of organisms living c…
Community Dynamics
The variability and stability in species composition within a…
Communities and Ecosystems
Ecological Community
Interspecific Competition
Exploitation Competition
Interference Competition
Species that interact within a specific community
Two or more species compete for the same resource.
Consume resources faster (one organism will deplete the limit…
Stop competitor from consuming resource (any action or form i…
Ecological Community
Species that interact within a specific community
Interspecific Competition
Two or more species compete for the same resource.
39 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
levels of the food chain
who has most energy in food chain
how much energy is transferred from pr…
2nd law of thermodynamics
producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary cons…
producers
5-20%... the rest is used for maintenance of plant or is lost vi…
when energy is transferred, a proportion is lost as heat
levels of the food chain
producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary cons…
who has most energy in food chain
producers
37 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
BBECPO
community
ecology
ecosystem
Biosphere,Biome,Ecosystem,Community,Population ,Organism
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
"the study of our house" or the study of life on our planet
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
BBECPO
Biosphere,Biome,Ecosystem,Community,Population ,Organism
community
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
20 terms
communities and ecosystems
population
community
trophic level
producers
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
All the different populations that live together in an area
A position in a food chain or Ecological Pyramid occupied by…
the trophic level that supports all others
population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
community
All the different populations that live together in an area
32 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
Biomes
Climate
Physiognomy
Vertical stratification
groups of similar plant and animal communities
major determinate of biome distribution
general appearance of vegetation in particular location
vertical distribution or stratification of species in a commu…
Biomes
groups of similar plant and animal communities
Climate
major determinate of biome distribution
Communities and Ecosystems
Species
Habitat
Population
Community
A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile,…
The environment in which a species normally lives or the loca…
A group of organisms of the same species who live in the same…
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
Species
A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile,…
Habitat
The environment in which a species normally lives or the loca…
24 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Habitat
Niche
Ecosystem
Competitive exclusion principle
Where an organism lives includes biotic and abiotic factors
the role it plays (occupation)... -food... -temp... -reproduction
shaped by abiotic and biotic factors
no two species cannot occupy the same niche
Habitat
Where an organism lives includes biotic and abiotic factors
Niche
the role it plays (occupation)... -food... -temp... -reproduction
22 terms
Ecosystems and communities
Biogeochemical cycles
Consumers
Decomposers
Detrivores
Recycle elements such as water, carbon, nitrogen, and phospho…
Heterophs, organisms which obtain energy by eating other orga…
Organisms such as bacteria and fungi which obtain energy from…
Animals that eat dead plants and animals.
Biogeochemical cycles
Recycle elements such as water, carbon, nitrogen, and phospho…
Consumers
Heterophs, organisms which obtain energy by eating other orga…
Ecosystems and communities
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
habitat
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
Place where an organism lives
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
25 terms
Ecosystems and communities
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
habitat
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
Place where an organism lives
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
23 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Abiotic factors
Biotic factors
Climate
Weather
Non-living, physical factors in the environment
Living organisms interacting in the environment
Year-after-year patterns of temperatures and precipitation
Day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere.
Abiotic factors
Non-living, physical factors in the environment
Biotic factors
Living organisms interacting in the environment
23 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
abiotic factor
biosphere
biotic factor
climax community
Nonliving thing that affects how an organism lives and surviv…
The area on the Earth, above and below it where living things…
A living thing that affects how an organism lives and survives.
When the species in an area have reached an end point and don…
abiotic factor
Nonliving thing that affects how an organism lives and surviv…
biosphere
The area on the Earth, above and below it where living things…
Ecosystems and Communities
what terms are communities defined in?
what do the arrows in a food chain rep…
what does communitiy ecology emphasize ?
what does ecosystem ecology emphasize?
terms of energy flow
flow of energy
how populations interaction to help to move energy through th…
the flow of chemical cycles through physical environment and…
what terms are communities defined in?
terms of energy flow
what do the arrows in a food chain rep…
flow of energy
Chapter 4: Ecosystems and Communities
Weather
Climate
Climate's Causes
The Greenhouse Effect
The day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particula…
Refers to the average, year-to-year conditions of temperature…
Caused by the trapping of heat in the atmosphere, the latitud…
The natural situation in which heat is retained by this layer…
Weather
The day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particula…
Climate
Refers to the average, year-to-year conditions of temperature…
33 terms
Ch. 4: Ecosystems and Communities
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
Situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere due…
weather
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
climate
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
36 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
What shapes the atmosphere?
What is sensitive to climate and can o…
Weather
Climate
Climate
Species
day to day conditions
year after year conditions of temperature and precipitation o…
What shapes the atmosphere?
Climate
What is sensitive to climate and can o…
Species
25 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
In an ecosystem, birds depend on insec…
Mushrooms growing from a tree stump ar…
A hawk only eats small animals which m…
A single living thing
the bird population will decrease
decomposers
carnivore
organism
In an ecosystem, birds depend on insec…
the bird population will decrease
Mushrooms growing from a tree stump ar…
decomposers
Communities and ecosystems
What does the interactions of species…
Photosynthesis and respiration play a…
How can the feeding relationships of s…
What is a community?
Energy and nutrient flows
Photosynthesis and respiration play a significant role in the…
The feeding relationships of species in a system can be model…
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
What does the interactions of species…
Energy and nutrient flows
Photosynthesis and respiration play a…
Photosynthesis and respiration play a significant role in the…
COMMUNITIES AND ECOSYSTEMS
What is a species?
What is a habitat?
What is a population?
What is a community?
A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile…
The environment in which a species normally lives or the loca…
A group of organisms of the same species that live in the sam…
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
What is a species?
A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile…
What is a habitat?
The environment in which a species normally lives or the loca…
Ecosystems & Communities
biogeochemical
consumers
decomposers
detrivores
recycle elements such as water, carbon, nitrogen, and phospho…
heterotrophs, organisms,which obtain energy by eating other o…
organism such as bacteria and fungi which obtain energy from…
animals that eat dead plants and animals
biogeochemical
recycle elements such as water, carbon, nitrogen, and phospho…
consumers
heterotrophs, organisms,which obtain energy by eating other o…
22 terms
Ecosystems/Communities
Weather
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
Tropical Climate Zone
short term conditions at a particular time and place
long term conditions in a particular region
when greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane,…
Around the equator, warmer climates, more direct sunlight
Weather
short term conditions at a particular time and place
Climate
long term conditions in a particular region
41 terms
Ecosystems & Communities
Weather
Climate
Microclimates
Global Climate
The day-to-day conditions of the Earth's atmosphere
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Environmental conditions that vary over small distances
Shaped by solar energy trapped in the biosphere, latitude, tr…
Weather
The day-to-day conditions of the Earth's atmosphere
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
33 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Weather
Climate
Microclimate
Greenhouse effect
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
Weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
Climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
39 terms
Communities and Ecosystems
Biological Community
Community Dynamics
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
is an assemblage of all the populations of organisms living c…
The variability and stability in species composition within a…
The living organisms that effect other living organisms withi…
The nonliving chemicals and physical structures within an eco…
Biological Community
is an assemblage of all the populations of organisms living c…
Community Dynamics
The variability and stability in species composition within a…
33 terms
Ch. 4: Ecosystems and Communities
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
Situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere due…
weather
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
climate
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
34 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
Ecosystems consist of
Biosphere
Aquatic biome examples
Terrestrial biomes examples
HABITAT + COMMUNITY... Community, physical surroundings and inte…
All ecosystems from oceans to the atmosphere... Made up of a ser…
Lakes, oceans and rocky shores
Rainforests, deserts and grasslands
Ecosystems consist of
HABITAT + COMMUNITY... Community, physical surroundings and inte…
Biosphere
All ecosystems from oceans to the atmosphere... Made up of a ser…
16 terms
Ecosystems and communities
climate
weather
mitcroclimate
greenhouse effect
average conditions over long periods of time; seasonly or yea…
day to day; daily or weekly.
differences between small distances with in an ecosystem.
solar energy hits earths surface and is reflected; some escap…
climate
average conditions over long periods of time; seasonly or yea…
weather
day to day; daily or weekly.
7 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
number of individuals per unit of area
number of individuals of each age in a population
movement in
movement out
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
age structure
number of individuals of each age in a population
59 terms
Ecosystems and Communities
climate
weather
microclimate
greenhouse effect
-average conditions over long periods... - seasonally/yearly... exa…
-day to day conditions... -daily or weekly... example: weekly weath…
differences between small distances within an ecosystem... examp…
solar energy trapped in biosphere
climate
-average conditions over long periods... - seasonally/yearly... exa…
weather
-day to day conditions... -daily or weekly... example: weekly weath…
Ecosystems and Communities
Weather
Climate
Microclimate
Greenhouse Effect
day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular ti…
average year-after-year conditions of temperature and precipi…
small differences within climate
atmosphere has a blanket of CO2, methane and water vapor that…
Weather
day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular ti…
Climate
average year-after-year conditions of temperature and precipi…
Ecosystems and Communities
Weather
Climate
Microclimate
Greenhouse effect
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
Weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
communities and ecosystems
define species
define habitat
define niche
define population
a group of organisms
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other…
a position or role taken by a kind of organism within its com…
a particular section, group, or type of people or animals liv…
define species
a group of organisms
define habitat
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other…
Ecosystems and Communities
Weather
Climate
Microclimate
Greenhouse effect
Day to day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a time and place.
Average year to year condition of temperature and precipitati…
Small differences within one climate.
Blanket of carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor in the Ea…
Weather
Day to day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a time and place.
Climate
Average year to year condition of temperature and precipitati…
Ecosystems and Communities
Tolerance
Habitat
Competitive Exclusion Principle
Keystone Species
An organisms ability to withhstand fluctuations in the envior…
A tolerance will determine a species'...?
No 2 species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at…
A single species that has a strong impact on the structure of…
Tolerance
An organisms ability to withhstand fluctuations in the envior…
Habitat
A tolerance will determine a species'...?
16 terms
Ecosystems and communities
Climate
Niche
Predation
Herbivory
Refers to average conditions over long periods
Describes not only what A organism does but also how interact…
An interaction in which one animal captures and feeds on anot…
An interaction in which in which one animal feeds on producers
Climate
Refers to average conditions over long periods
Niche
Describes not only what A organism does but also how interact…
Ecosystems and Communities
weather
climate
microclimate
Greenhouse effect
day to day conditions of earths atmosphere at a particular ti…
average year after year conditions of temperature and precipi…
small differences with a climate
atmosphere has a blanket of carbon methane and water vapor th…
weather
day to day conditions of earths atmosphere at a particular ti…
climate
average year after year conditions of temperature and precipi…
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