Study sets matching "ecosystems biosphere"

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Study sets matching "ecosystems biosphere"

34 terms
The Biosphere/ecosystems
biosphere
species
population
community
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
(ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the…
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
34 terms
BIOSPHERE - Ecosystem
ECOLOGY
BIOSPHERE
SPECIES
POPULATION
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
group of individuals that belong to the same species and live…
ECOLOGY
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
BIOSPHERE
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
17 terms
Ecosystems and the Biosphere
Eutrophication
Primary production
Consumers
Decomposers
nutrient enrichment of an aquatic ecosystem
the rate at which an ecosystem's producers capture and store…
organisms that obtain energy and carbon by feeding on tissues…
organisms that feed on biological remains and break organic m…
Eutrophication
nutrient enrichment of an aquatic ecosystem
Primary production
the rate at which an ecosystem's producers capture and store…
86 terms
Ecosystems and Biosphere
Ecosystem
Sun
Photosynthesis is the process
Organisms on earth that cannot carry o…
is all the living organisms in a given area as well as the ab…
is the source of energy
green plants (and a few other organisms) use the light energy…
the energy that has been stored in the organic compound gluco…
Ecosystem
is all the living organisms in a given area as well as the ab…
Sun
is the source of energy
34 terms
The Biosphere, Interactions in Ecosystems
canopy
grassland
desert
deciduous
the layers of treetops that shade the forest floor
area where the primary plant life is grass
a biome that receives less than 25 cm of precipitation annual…
describes trees that lose their leaves at the end of the grow…
canopy
the layers of treetops that shade the forest floor
grassland
area where the primary plant life is grass
113 terms
Biosphere Ecosystems
What is a biome
An organism can't live in any biome, e…
What is an adaptation
Tolerance
Complex terrestrial, large area, certain soil and climate, ce…
Adaptations allow it to suit it's environment
Inherited characteristic increases the ability to survive and…
Ability to survive and reproduce under less than optimal cond…
What is a biome
Complex terrestrial, large area, certain soil and climate, ce…
An organism can't live in any biome, e…
Adaptations allow it to suit it's environment
36 terms
Biosphere & Ecosystems
Biosphere
Biomes
Desert
Tundra
The Realm of Earth where life may be found
Communities on Land... (influences: ... -climate (temp+ rain fall)…
Treeless biome, Less than 25 cm rain/year (lack of rain, lack…
Cold + Dry 20 cm rain/year, darkness, ... **permafrost that neve…
Biosphere
The Realm of Earth where life may be found
Biomes
Communities on Land... (influences: ... -climate (temp+ rain fall)…
Ecosystems and the Biosphere
Ecosystems
Name 3 Categories
How much of Earth is fresh water?
Fresh Water Biomes
Compromises all of the biotic and abiotic organisms in a part…
Freshwater , Marine, Terrestrial
2.5 percent
Characterized by low concentration of salts
Ecosystems
Compromises all of the biotic and abiotic organisms in a part…
Name 3 Categories
Freshwater , Marine, Terrestrial
46 terms
Ecosystems and the biosphere
Autotrophs
What's the autotrophs equivalent
Photosynthesis
Chemosynthesis
Produces their own producers
Producer
Plants,protist,bacteria
Bacteria
Autotrophs
Produces their own producers
What's the autotrophs equivalent
Producer
Ecosystems and Biosphere
Biodiversity
Species
Genetic Diversity
Ecosystems
variety of earth's species, trying life forms, genes they con…
set of individuals that can mate and produce fertile offsprin…
variety of species contains variety of genetics that allows l…
earth's diversity of deserts, grasslands, forests, mountains,…
Biodiversity
variety of earth's species, trying life forms, genes they con…
Species
set of individuals that can mate and produce fertile offsprin…
Ecosystems and Biosphere
Ecology
biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
The study of the interactions among organisms and their envio…
Anywhere on earth where life exists
Large group of ecosystems that share a climax community
All organisms living together
Ecology
The study of the interactions among organisms and their envio…
biosphere
Anywhere on earth where life exists
21 terms
Ecosystems and the Biosphere
Adaptions
Symbiosis
Mutualism
Commensalism
Any trait that allows the organism to better survive and repr…
Interaction between two different organisms living in close p…
Symbiosis that is beneficial to both organisms involved.
An association between two organisms in which one benefits an…
Adaptions
Any trait that allows the organism to better survive and repr…
Symbiosis
Interaction between two different organisms living in close p…
26 terms
Ecosystems and the Biosphere
Food Chain
Primary Producers
Consumers
Primary Consumer
What eats what with energy flow and at each level energy is l…
Make their own food and uses the sun's light and changes it i…
Use the organic food made by the producers
Feed on plants- herbivores
Food Chain
What eats what with energy flow and at each level energy is l…
Primary Producers
Make their own food and uses the sun's light and changes it i…
Biosphere and ecosystems
ecology
biosphere
species
population
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
All life forms on Earth
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
ecology
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
biosphere
All life forms on Earth
11 terms
Ecosystems and Biospheres
Ecosystem
Trophic levels
Producers
Consumers
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Make their own food
An organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
Ecosystem
A biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Trophic levels
5 terms
Biosphere and Ecosystem
The combined portions of Earth in whic…
All of the members of a particular spe…
Green plants are
What is the original source of almost…
biosphere
population
producers
sunlight
The combined portions of Earth in whic…
biosphere
All of the members of a particular spe…
population
36 terms
Biosphere to Ecosystems
Biosphere
Atmosphere
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Part of earth in which living organisms occur.
Layer of air that surrounds the earth. Mixture of gases: oxyg…
Soil and rocks. Forms outer layer of earth.
Water on surface of earth( 75%). Eg. Lakes, dams, rivers.
Biosphere
Part of earth in which living organisms occur.
Atmosphere
Layer of air that surrounds the earth. Mixture of gases: oxyg…
Biosphere to ecosystems
Abiotic
Acid rain
Aestivate
Altitude
Non-living matter found in the environment
Rain made acidic and harmful to the environment due to pollut…
Live through the summer of dry season in a dormant condition
Height above sea level
Abiotic
Non-living matter found in the environment
Acid rain
Rain made acidic and harmful to the environment due to pollut…
22 terms
Ecosystems and Biosphere
Weather
Climate
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
day to day conditions of Earth's atmosphere at a particular p…
refers to the average conditions of the atmosphere over time
cold areas where the suns rays strike earth at a very low angle
areas which are greatly affected by the tilt of Earth during…
Weather
day to day conditions of Earth's atmosphere at a particular p…
Climate
refers to the average conditions of the atmosphere over time
14 terms
Biosphere and Ecosystems
Biotic
Abiotic
Lithosphere
Hydrosphere
Living parts in an ecosystem
Non-living parts in an ecosystem
The soil and ground (Abiotic)
Water/sea (Abiotic)
Biotic
Living parts in an ecosystem
Abiotic
Non-living parts in an ecosystem
12 terms
Ecosystems And the biosphere
What is an ecosystem?
What does an ecosystem consist of?
What do all ecosystems together make-up?
What are Biotic and abiotic factors?
An area or place with a group of living organisms that have a…
An ecosystem consists of living organisms and the non living…
All the ecosystems combined make up the biosphere
Biotic = living and abiotic = non-living
What is an ecosystem?
An area or place with a group of living organisms that have a…
What does an ecosystem consist of?
An ecosystem consists of living organisms and the non living…
The Biosphere & Ecosystem
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
community
is all of the life found on Earth
is a group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
is all the organisms living in one place along nonliving envi…
is all the populations
Biosphere
is all of the life found on Earth
Biome
is a group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
Ecosystem and the Biosphere
Energy flow
Food chain
Primary producers
Cosumers
The passage of energy in a one way through an ecosystem
Energy from food passed from one organsim to the next in a se…
Form the beginning of the food chain by capturing suns energy…
All other organisms in a community. Extract energy from organ…
Energy flow
The passage of energy in a one way through an ecosystem
Food chain
Energy from food passed from one organsim to the next in a se…
22 terms
Ecosystem and Biosphere
Biogeochemical cycles
auquifers
nitrogen fixation
nitrification
The movement of abiotic factors between the living and nonliv…
underground rock layers that water flows through.
The conversion of atmospheric nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3).…
Ammonia is converted to nitrate ions (NO3-).
Biogeochemical cycles
The movement of abiotic factors between the living and nonliv…
auquifers
underground rock layers that water flows through.
66 terms
Ecosystem and Biosphere
What is ecology
what is biosphere
What are the 5 levels of biosphere
ecosystems are influenced by a combina…
study of interactions of living organisms with one another an…
part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
species, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere
biological and physical
What is ecology
study of interactions of living organisms with one another an…
what is biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
BIOSPHERE , ECOSYSTEM
Biosphere
Biomes
Biodiversity
Terrestrial biomes
Def
Def
Def
Def
Biosphere
Def
Biomes
Def
10 terms
Biosphere to ecosystem
Ecology
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
Study of living organisms, their relationship to one another…
Parts of earth supporting life : lithosphere, hydrosphere and…
Large area of land with specific climate (average temperature…
Group of living things that interact with each other and thei…
Ecology
Study of living organisms, their relationship to one another…
Biosphere
Parts of earth supporting life : lithosphere, hydrosphere and…
Chapter 55 Ecosystems and the Biosphere
Ecosystems
Ecosystem ecology
Biosphere
Energy flow
individual communities and their abiotic environment
studies energy flow(sun) among biotic and abiotic parts
All of Earth's communities and their interactions
Energy(sunlight) passes through ecosystem in a one-way direct…
Ecosystems
individual communities and their abiotic environment
Ecosystem ecology
studies energy flow(sun) among biotic and abiotic parts
57 terms
Chapter 20: Ecosystems and the Biosphere
abyssal zone
acid rain
algal bloom
apex consumer
The deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
A corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
A rapid increase of algae in an aquatic system
An organism at the top of the food chain
abyssal zone
The deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
acid rain
A corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
Ecosystems and Biosphere Test
Ecology
Biosphere
Biome
ecosystem
the study of interactions between and among organisms and the…
Any area of the earth where life can exist
a large group of ecosystems that share the same type of clima…
All of the organisms that live in a particular place together…
Ecology
the study of interactions between and among organisms and the…
Biosphere
Any area of the earth where life can exist
Ecology Review: The Biosphere and Ecosystems
Ecology
Biosphere
Biome
Ecosystem
the study of interactions between organisms (biotic) and livi…
the living planet
a group of ecosystems that have a similar climate and dominan…
all the organisms that live in a place together with their en…
Ecology
the study of interactions between organisms (biotic) and livi…
Biosphere
the living planet
14 terms
Biosphere: Ecosystems and Biomes
The Biosphere
Ecosystem
Ecosystem Function
Foood chains
...
...
...
...
The Biosphere
...
Ecosystem
...
Biosphere, Ecosystems, and Communities
Ecology
Biosphere
Population
Community
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Part of earth where life exists including land, water, and ai…
Group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
Assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Biosphere
Part of earth where life exists including land, water, and ai…
57 terms
ch.20 ecosystems and the biosphere
abyssal zone
acid rain
algal bloom
apex consumer
the deepest par of the ocean at depths of 4000m or greater
a corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing the sulfur dioxid…
a rapid increase of algae in an aquatic system
an organism at the top of the food chain
abyssal zone
the deepest par of the ocean at depths of 4000m or greater
acid rain
a corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing the sulfur dioxid…
Chapter 20: Ecosystems and the Biosphere
abyssal zone
acid rain
algal bloom
apex consumer
The deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
A corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
A rapid increase of algae in an aquatic system
An organism at the top of the food chain
abyssal zone
The deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
acid rain
A corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
14 terms
CH 20 Ecosystems and the Biosphere
ecosystem ecology
ecosystem
biotic
abiotic
concerned with questions of energy flow and chemical cycling
a community of living organisms and their interactions with t…
living
non-living; have a profound effect on the life within an ecos…
ecosystem ecology
concerned with questions of energy flow and chemical cycling
ecosystem
a community of living organisms and their interactions with t…
Ecosystems & Biosphere (11/9)
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs
Herbivores
Carnivores
Autotrophs that harvest energy from the sun, as opposed to th…
Organisms that do not create their own food
Consumers that eat plants for energy (e.g. sheep)
Consumers that eat flesh for energy (e.g. wolves)
Photoautotrophs
Autotrophs that harvest energy from the sun, as opposed to th…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that do not create their own food
Chapter 22- Ecosystems and Biosphere
producer
chemosynthesis
biomass
consumers
autotrophs that capture energy and use it to make organic mol…
bacteria that produce carbohydrates by using energy from inor…
organic material in an ecosystem
obtain energy by consuming organic molecules made by other or…
producer
autotrophs that capture energy and use it to make organic mol…
chemosynthesis
bacteria that produce carbohydrates by using energy from inor…
Ecosystems & Biosphere (11/9)
Primary Producers / Autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs
Consumers
Organisms that harvest energy, powering the consumers above t…
Autotrophs that harvest energy from the sun, as opposed to th…
Organisms that do not create their own food
Heterotrophs that eat and digest other organisms for energy... I…
Primary Producers / Autotrophs
Organisms that harvest energy, powering the consumers above t…
Photoautotrophs
Autotrophs that harvest energy from the sun, as opposed to th…
59 terms
Chapter 22: Ecosystems and the biosphere
Producers
Chemosynthesis
Gross primary productivity
Biomass
An autotrophic organism that captures energy to make organic…
Bacteria produces carbohydrates by using energy from inorgani…
The rate at which prducers in an ecosystem capture energy
The organic material in an ecosystem
Producers
An autotrophic organism that captures energy to make organic…
Chemosynthesis
Bacteria produces carbohydrates by using energy from inorgani…
Chapter 22: Ecosystems and The Biosphere
Producers
Chemosynthesis
Gross Primary Productivity
Biomass
Autotrophs because they capture energy and use it to make org…
Produce carbohydrates by using energy from inorganic molecules.
Rate at which producers in an ecosystem capture energy.
Organic material in an ecosystem
Producers
Autotrophs because they capture energy and use it to make org…
Chemosynthesis
Produce carbohydrates by using energy from inorganic molecules.
47 terms
Chapter 22: Ecosystems and the biosphere
biomass
carnivore
chemosynthesis
consumer
organic material in an ecosytem
eats other consumers (animals)
produce carbohydrates by using energy from inorganic molecule…
an organism that obtains energy by consuming (feeding) organi…
biomass
organic material in an ecosytem
carnivore
eats other consumers (animals)
57 terms
CH20: Ecosystems and the Biosphere
abyssal zone
acid rain
algal bloom
apex consumer
the deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
a corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
a rapid increase of algae in an aquatic system
an organism at the top of the food chain
abyssal zone
the deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
acid rain
a corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
13 terms
Biosphere, Biomes, and Ecosystems
Biology
Ecology
Evolution
Biome
The study of life (DNA, RNA, cellular reproduction, growth, e…
Study of interacting organisms in relation to their environment
The fast or slow change over time, development of different v…
A large land mass unique in plant and animal life
Biology
The study of life (DNA, RNA, cellular reproduction, growth, e…
Ecology
Study of interacting organisms in relation to their environment
33 terms
Chapter 22: Ecosystems and the biosphere
carnivore
consumer
decomposer
food chain
any animal that feeds on flesh
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organi…
(ecology) a community of organisms where each member is eaten…
carnivore
any animal that feeds on flesh
consumer
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
47 terms
Chapter 22: Ecosystems and the biosphere
biomass
carnivore
chemosynthesis
consumer
the total mass of living matter in a given unit area
any animal that feeds on flesh
synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
biomass
the total mass of living matter in a given unit area
carnivore
any animal that feeds on flesh
20 terms
Chapter 22 Ecosystems and the Biosphere
Biomass
Producers/ Autotrophs
Consumer/ Heterotrophs
Carnivores
Organic material in an ecosystem that are added to the ecosys…
capture energy and use it to make organic carbon containing m…
They gain energy by eating other organisms examples: herbivor…
eat other consumers ... Also know as secondary consumers
Biomass
Organic material in an ecosystem that are added to the ecosys…
Producers/ Autotrophs
capture energy and use it to make organic carbon containing m…
Lecture 25: The Biosphere and Ecosystems
Biosphere
Biogeography
Speciation (example process of biogeog…
Ecosystems
Life layer of Earth... • Narrow vertical dimension... • Spans the d…
examines the geographical distributions of organisms, their h…
role of geographical isolation in the evolution of new species
communities of living and non-living organisms that interact…
Biosphere
Life layer of Earth... • Narrow vertical dimension... • Spans the d…
Biogeography
examines the geographical distributions of organisms, their h…
Biosphere/Terrestrial Ecosystems
Biome
Terrestrial Biomes
Tropical Rain Forest
Human Benefits of Tropical Rain Forest
Type of ecological community, with particular climate zone.
Identified by the types of vegetation found within them.
Temp: warm w/little year-round variation... • Precip: wet year-r…
Food: Corn, rice, bananas, sugarcane. ... 25% of prescription dr…
Biome
Type of ecological community, with particular climate zone.
Terrestrial Biomes
Identified by the types of vegetation found within them.
Major Ecosystems of the Biosphere
rain shadow
topography
monsoon
alpine tundra
the leeward side of a mountain where it is dry and sunny
physical features of the land
when coastal wind circulation causes heavy rain
-cold... -little precipitation... -coniferous
rain shadow
the leeward side of a mountain where it is dry and sunny
topography
physical features of the land
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