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Study sets matching "educational psychology"

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Study sets matching "educational psychology"

39 terms
Educational Psychology Final Exam Prep
Between-Class vs In Class-Ability Grou…
What does the research on grade retent…
Differentiated Instruction
Tutoring
Between-Class: Grouping students in separate classes accordin…
Negative results; they lose motivation, learn less, and are m…
An approach to teaching that adapts the content, level, pace,…
Peer or cross-age. ... Research says that tutoring increases th…
Between-Class vs In Class-Ability Grou…
Between-Class: Grouping students in separate classes accordin…
What does the research on grade retent…
Negative results; they lose motivation, learn less, and are m…
26 terms
Educational psychology 2
Development
Biological
Cognitive
sociemotional
The pattern of biological, cognitive, and sociemotional proce…
Changes in the child's body and underline brain development,…
involves changes in child's thinking, intelligence. Ex: Memor…
involves child's relationship with others. EX: A boys aggress…
Development
The pattern of biological, cognitive, and sociemotional proce…
Biological
Changes in the child's body and underline brain development,…
250 terms
Educational Psychology Midterm
Learning
First hand
Second hand
Third hand
Any relatively permanent chang in behavior or thought that is…
hands on
watching someone else do it (empirical knowledge)
reading or hearing about it
Learning
Any relatively permanent chang in behavior or thought that is…
First hand
hands on
24 terms
Learning, Teaching and Educational Psychology
teachers sense of efficacy
reflective
differentiated instruction
educational psychology
A teacher's belief that he/she can reach even difficult stude…
thoughtful and inventive. Reflective teachers think back over…
teaching that takes into account students' abilities, prior k…
the discipline concerned with teaching and learning processes…
teachers sense of efficacy
A teacher's belief that he/she can reach even difficult stude…
reflective
thoughtful and inventive. Reflective teachers think back over…
16 terms
Educational Psychology Final Exam
Motivation
Myths about motivation
Theories of Motivation
Humanistic views: Maslow's Hierarchy o…
An internal state that arouses us to action, pushes us in par…
Failure is a good motivator, teachers "motivate" students, an…
Humanistic views (Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs), Social Cognit…
1. Free will, inherently good... 2. Deficiency needs and growth…
Motivation
An internal state that arouses us to action, pushes us in par…
Myths about motivation
Failure is a good motivator, teachers "motivate" students, an…
169 terms
Educational Psychology Final
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
J.B Watson
B.F Skinner
learning is a result of the repeated pairing of 2 or more sti…
(1920's Russia) Famous for his Salivating Dogs experiment. Cl…
Famous for his "Baby Albert" experiment. Classical. Because t…
(1950's US) Famous for his Skinner Box experiments. Operant C…
Classical Conditioning
learning is a result of the repeated pairing of 2 or more sti…
Ivan Pavlov
(1920's Russia) Famous for his Salivating Dogs experiment. Cl…
291 terms
Introduction to Educational Psychology CLEP
standard biography
elective biography
Simple Moral Education Programs
Community-Based Education Programs
going to school, completing an educational program, getting a…
the current life stages (education, work or more education, u…
A type of character education where an instructor discusses m…
A community-centered approach to character education that att…
standard biography
going to school, completing an educational program, getting a…
elective biography
the current life stages (education, work or more education, u…
chapter 9 Educational Psychology
cueing
Positive Reinforcement
Premack Principle
Punishment
use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired…
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the present…
a more probable behavior can be used as a reinforcer for a le…
An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
cueing
use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired…
Positive Reinforcement
Occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by the present…
17 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter Ten
Social Learning Theory
Social Cognitive Theory
Triarchic Reciprocal Causality
Self-Efficacy
Theory that emphasizes learning through observations of others.
Theory that adds concern with cognitive factors such as belie…
An explanation of behavior that emphasizes the mutual effects…
A person's sense of being able to deal effectively with a par…
Social Learning Theory
Theory that emphasizes learning through observations of others.
Social Cognitive Theory
Theory that adds concern with cognitive factors such as belie…
14 terms
Chapter 6 Educational Psychology
What percentage of American children a…
What are the consequences of bullying?
What do children who regularly witness…
Primary indicators of bullying:
30%
-Lower attendance... -Lower student achievement... -Depression... -Inc…
-A less secure learning environment ... -Fear that the bully mig…
-Duration... -Power... -Intent to harm
What percentage of American children a…
30%
What are the consequences of bullying?
-Lower attendance... -Lower student achievement... -Depression... -Inc…
110 terms
Educational Psychology-Fall13
A correlation coefficient of 0.90 indi…
Use of the "common sense" approach to…
When studies are based only on observa…
Dr. Patterson concludes from her resea…
one event is strongly related to another event.
inappropriate unless supported by research
descriptions.
experimental.
A correlation coefficient of 0.90 indi…
one event is strongly related to another event.
Use of the "common sense" approach to…
inappropriate unless supported by research
42 terms
Educational Psychology Final
Vicarious learning
4 phases of Bandura's Social Learning…
Why do teachers criticize extrinsic mo…
Intrinsic Motivated Learning
Learning from watching another model good/ bad behavior and r…
1. attention 2. retention 3. reproduction 4. reinforcement
It takes away from intrinsic motivators
genuine, self love for learning. Learning for learning's sake
Vicarious learning
Learning from watching another model good/ bad behavior and r…
4 phases of Bandura's Social Learning…
1. attention 2. retention 3. reproduction 4. reinforcement
31 terms
Educational Psychology chapter 8
Contextual theory
Situated learning and cognition
distributed cognition and intelligence
social constructivism
theory of learning that focuses on how people's general physi…
knowledge, behaviors, and thinking skills acquired and used p…
enhancement of thinking through the symbols of one's culture,…
theoretical perspective that focuses on people's collective e…
Contextual theory
theory of learning that focuses on how people's general physi…
Situated learning and cognition
knowledge, behaviors, and thinking skills acquired and used p…
45 terms
Chapter 5 Educational Psychology
Antecedent Stimuli
Aversive stimulus
Behavioral Learning Theories
Classical Conditioning
Events that precede behaviors
An unpleasant consequence that a person tries to avoid or esc…
Explanations of learning that emphasize observable changes in…
The process of repeatedly associating a previously neutral st…
Antecedent Stimuli
Events that precede behaviors
Aversive stimulus
An unpleasant consequence that a person tries to avoid or esc…
83 terms
Educational Psychology Final
Structured Interview
Case Study
Structured Observation
Clinical Interview
everyone in the study is being asked the same questions (yes/…
used for painting a picture, getting a broad view on somethin…
researchers are making changes in the atmosphere to see how c…
free, open ended questions, more conversation, longer elabora…
Structured Interview
everyone in the study is being asked the same questions (yes/…
Case Study
used for painting a picture, getting a broad view on somethin…
19 terms
Educational Psychology Final
Between what ages does the human brain…
This STM phenomena, what was heard rec…
STM, heard first
neuroplasticity
20-25
regency
primacy
brain's capacity to make new neural connections influenced by…
Between what ages does the human brain…
20-25
This STM phenomena, what was heard rec…
regency
31 terms
Ch 13 Educational Psychology
Instructional objective
Task analysis
Backward planning
Assessment
A statement of skills or concepts that students should master…
Breaking tasks down into fundamental sub skills.
Planning instruction by first setting long-range goals, then…
A measure of the degree to which instructional objectives hav…
Instructional objective
A statement of skills or concepts that students should master…
Task analysis
Breaking tasks down into fundamental sub skills.
60 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter Two
Development
Physical Development
Personal Development
Social Development
Orderly, adaptive changes we go through from conception to de…
Changes in body function and structure over time.
Changes in personality that take place as one grows.
Changes over time in the ways we relate to others.
Development
Orderly, adaptive changes we go through from conception to de…
Physical Development
Changes in body function and structure over time.
10 terms
Studies in Educational Psychology
expectations
constructivist
observing
social cognitive
When teachers have high _____________ for students, students…
The _________ approach emphasizes the role of the learner in…
Students (and student teachers!) learn by _____________ a mod…
Bandura's ____________________ Theory explains students' perf…
expectations
When teachers have high _____________ for students, students…
constructivist
The _________ approach emphasizes the role of the learner in…
educational psychology chapter seven
What do cognitive psychologists believ…
What is learning?
What are behavioral learning theories?
What is contiguity?
it is an internal mental activity that cannot be observed dir…
experiences that cause permanent changes in knowledge or beha…
explanations of learning that focus on external events as the…
association of two events because of repeated pairing
What do cognitive psychologists believ…
it is an internal mental activity that cannot be observed dir…
What is learning?
experiences that cause permanent changes in knowledge or beha…
994 terms
Test 1 Educational Psychology,
B=E x B1
Nature
Nurture
Why should we research?
Behavior is a function of the interaction of environment and…
The biological variables
The environmental variables
Sometimes what seems to be common sense or intuitive may not…
B=E x B1
Behavior is a function of the interaction of environment and…
Nature
The biological variables
23 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 3
psychosocial theory
psychosocial crisis
heteronomous morality
autonomous morality
a set of principles that relates social environment to psycho…
according to erikson, the set of critical issues that individ…
in piaget's theory of moral development, the stage at which c…
in piaget's theory of moral development, the stage at whcih a…
psychosocial theory
a set of principles that relates social environment to psycho…
psychosocial crisis
according to erikson, the set of critical issues that individ…
67 terms
Educational Psychology Test 1
Educational Psychology
No Child Left Behind
Common Sense Approach to Teaching
Case Study
, tpoThe discipline concerned with teaching and learning proc…
It was reauthorized of elementary and secondary school act of…
Principles may seem obvious, but are the results of rigorous…
Intensive study for one person or one situation
Educational Psychology
, tpoThe discipline concerned with teaching and learning proc…
No Child Left Behind
It was reauthorized of elementary and secondary school act of…
10 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 8
constructivist theories of learning
cognitive apprenticeship
discovery learning
self-regulated learners
Theories that state learners must individually discover and t…
The process by which a learner gradually acquires expertise t…
A constructivist approach to teaching in which students are e…
Students who have knowledge of effective learning strategies…
constructivist theories of learning
Theories that state learners must individually discover and t…
cognitive apprenticeship
The process by which a learner gradually acquires expertise t…
10 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 9
Tracks
Between-class Ability Grouping
Cross-age Tutoring
Pull-out Programs
Curriculum sequences to which students of specified achieveme…
The practice of grouping students in separate classes accordi…
Tutoring of a younger student by an older one
Compensatory education programs in which students are placed…
Tracks
Curriculum sequences to which students of specified achieveme…
Between-class Ability Grouping
The practice of grouping students in separate classes accordi…
28 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 2
continuous theories of development
discontinuous theories of development
cognitive development
schemes
theories based on the belief that human development progresse…
theories describing human development as occurring through a…
gradual, orderly changes by which mental processes become mor…
mental patterns that guide behavior
continuous theories of development
theories based on the belief that human development progresse…
discontinuous theories of development
theories describing human development as occurring through a…
educational psychology chapter five
How many different natural languages a…
Why do languages change?
What must children be able to do to ma…
Between what ages do children call the…
6000
they change to reflect changing cultural needs and values
read intentions of others so they can acquire words, phrases…
between ages 2-3
How many different natural languages a…
6000
Why do languages change?
they change to reflect changing cultural needs and values
46 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 4
Absence seizure
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Articulation Disorders
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disord…
A seizure involving only a small part of the brain that cause…
Federal legislation prohibiting discrimination against person…
Any of a variety of pronunciation difficulties, such as subst…
Current term for disruptive behavior disorders marked by over…
Absence seizure
A seizure involving only a small part of the brain that cause…
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Federal legislation prohibiting discrimination against person…
Educational Psychology Test 1
Equilibration
Accommodation
Assimilation
Basic tendencies in thinking
Search for mental balance between cognitive schemes and infor…
Altering existing schemes or creating new ones in response to…
Fitting new information into existing schemas
Organization, Adaption (assimilation,accommodation), Schemes,…
Equilibration
Search for mental balance between cognitive schemes and infor…
Accommodation
Altering existing schemes or creating new ones in response to…
21 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 6
Culture
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
Resistance Culture
Tracking
The knowledge, values, attitudes, and traditions that guide t…
Relative standing in the society based on income, power, back…
Group values and beliefs about refusing to adopt the behavior…
Assignment to different classes and academic experiences base…
Culture
The knowledge, values, attitudes, and traditions that guide t…
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
Relative standing in the society based on income, power, back…
67 terms
Educational Psychology: Chapter 2
Development
Physical development
Personal development
Social development
Orderly, adaptive changes we go through from conception to de…
Changes in body structure and function over time
Changes in personality that takes place as one grows
Changes over time in the ways we relate to others
Development
Orderly, adaptive changes we go through from conception to de…
Physical development
Changes in body structure and function over time
27 terms
Educational Psychology - Chapter 5
Culture
Socioeconomic status (SES)
Resistance Culture
Immigrants
The knowledge, values, attitudes, and traditions that guide t…
RElative standing in the society based on income, power, back…
Group values and beliefs about refusing to adopt the behavior…
People who voluntarily leave their country to become permanen…
Culture
The knowledge, values, attitudes, and traditions that guide t…
Socioeconomic status (SES)
RElative standing in the society based on income, power, back…
49 terms
Educational Psychology Exam II
Bruner (Thinker)
Csikszentmihalyi (Thinker)
Elements of FLOW
Gardner (Thinker)
The Process of Education; The Culture of Education - low road…
"FLOW"
1. Completely involved in what one does.... 2. A sense of ecstas…
Frames of Mind; Five Minds for the Future
Bruner (Thinker)
The Process of Education; The Culture of Education - low road…
Csikszentmihalyi (Thinker)
"FLOW"
130 terms
Educational Psychology x2
Developmental Constructivism
Frederic Bartlett
Schemes/Schema
Jean Piaget
Learners are building that knowledge themselves
coins schema to explain how memory is constructive; people te…
Construct webs of connections for new info in our mind
administers intelligence test to students to identify those w…
Developmental Constructivism
Learners are building that knowledge themselves
Frederic Bartlett
coins schema to explain how memory is constructive; people te…
28 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 2
continuous theories of development
discontinuous theories of development
cognitive development
schemes
theories based on the belief that human development progresse…
theories describing human development as occurring through a…
gradual, orderly changes by which mental processes become mor…
mental patterns that guide behavior
continuous theories of development
theories based on the belief that human development progresse…
discontinuous theories of development
theories describing human development as occurring through a…
14 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 10
motivation
deficiency needs
growth needs
self-actualization
internal process which activates, guides, and maintains behav…
Basic requirements for physical and psychological well-being…
Needs for knowing, appreciating, and understanding, which peo…
A person's ability to develop his or her full potential.
motivation
internal process which activates, guides, and maintains behav…
deficiency needs
Basic requirements for physical and psychological well-being…
Educational Psychology Terms
3 general principles of development
Schema
Authoritative
Authoritarian
Develop at different rate, in order, and gradually
Basic structures for organizing information; concepts
(High Control - High Warmth) set clear limits, enforce rules,…
(High Control - Low Warmth) seem cold and controlling in thei…
3 general principles of development
Develop at different rate, in order, and gradually
Schema
Basic structures for organizing information; concepts
22 terms
Educational Psychology: Chapter 4
Crystallized Intelligence
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
8 Intelligences
Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelli…
Ability to apply culturally approved problem-solving methods
Howard Garner believed people have 8 separate abilities
1. Logical-Mathematical... 2. Linguistic... 3. Musical... 4. Spatial... 5…
Thinking Processes, coping with new experiences and adapting…
Crystallized Intelligence
Ability to apply culturally approved problem-solving methods
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Howard Garner believed people have 8 separate abilities
10 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 13
Instructional Objective
Task Analysis
Backward Planning
Assessment
A statement of skills or concepts that students should master…
Breaking tasks down into fundamental subskills
Planning instruction by first setting long-range goals, then…
A measure of the degree to which instructional objectives hav…
Instructional Objective
A statement of skills or concepts that students should master…
Task Analysis
Breaking tasks down into fundamental subskills
10 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 13
Instructional objective
Task analysis
Backward Planning
Assessment
A statement of skills or concepts that students should master…
Breaking tasks down into fundamental subskills
Planning instruction by first setting long range goals, then…
A measure of the degree to which instructional objectives hav…
Instructional objective
A statement of skills or concepts that students should master…
Task analysis
Breaking tasks down into fundamental subskills
21 terms
Chapter 9 (Educational Psychology)
Between Class Grouping
Within Class Ability Grouping
a
What is regrouping?
Grouping in separate classes according to ability level ... Few…
Group students within the same class for instruction in certa…
Being flexible is more effective
Mixed all subjects except math and reading which are grouped…
Between Class Grouping
Grouping in separate classes according to ability level ... Few…
Within Class Ability Grouping
Group students within the same class for instruction in certa…
20 terms
Educational Psychology: Chapter 4
Labeling Students
Who invented the 8 MI?
What are the 8 multiple intelligences?
Logical/Mathematic
both good and bad. good - opens doors fro assistance and spec…
Howard Gardner
1. logical/mathematic ... 2. musical... 3. interpersonal... 4. natural…
math and number smart
Labeling Students
both good and bad. good - opens doors fro assistance and spec…
Who invented the 8 MI?
Howard Gardner
20 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 13
Classroom management
Participation structures
Allocated time
Engaged time / Time on task
techniques used to maintain a healthy learning environment, r…
rules defining how to participate in different activities
time set aside for learning
time spent actively engaged in the learning task at hand
Classroom management
techniques used to maintain a healthy learning environment, r…
Participation structures
rules defining how to participate in different activities
21 terms
Educational Psychology Chapter 6
The number of minority group students…
Both traditional and ethnocentric appr…
Membership in a particular group deter…
Socioeconomic status (SES) is positive…
True
True
True
True
The number of minority group students…
True
Both traditional and ethnocentric appr…
True
160 terms
educational psychology notes
basic research
applied research
independent variable
dependent variable
theoretical problems
practical problems
what the researcher changes about the situation to see what h…
what the person being studied does
basic research
theoretical problems
applied research
practical problems
28 terms
Educational Psychology Exam 1
Educational Psychology
William James
John Dewey
E.L Thorndike
Branch of psychology that specializes in the application of p…
-Observed teaching and learning in the classroom for improvin…
-Viewed child as active learner... -Focus on the "whole child"... -…
Focused on scientific underpinnings of learning, assessment,…
Educational Psychology
Branch of psychology that specializes in the application of p…
William James
-Observed teaching and learning in the classroom for improvin…
47 terms
educational psychology chapter 15
Standardized Tests
Classroom assessments
Measurement
Assessment
tests given usually nationwide, under uniform conditions and…
classroom assessments are selected and created by teachers an…
an evaluation expressed in quantitative (number) terms
Procedures used to obtain information about student performance
Standardized Tests
tests given usually nationwide, under uniform conditions and…
Classroom assessments
classroom assessments are selected and created by teachers an…
123 terms
Educational Psychology Exam 1
educational psychology
pedagogy
intentionality
teacher efficacy
the study of learning and teaching
the study of teaching and learning with applications to the i…
doing things for a purpose; teachers who use intentionality p…
the degree to which teachers feel that their own efforts dete…
educational psychology
the study of learning and teaching
pedagogy
the study of teaching and learning with applications to the i…
28 terms
Educational Psychology: Chapter 1
Teachers Sense of Efficacy
No Child Left Behind
What are the 5 priorities for no child…
What are 3 measures of effective teach…
a teachers belief that he/she can reach difficult students an…
January of 2002, George W Bush... requires grades 3-8 and once i…
1. college and career ready... 2. great teachers/leaders... 3. equa…
1. student improves on state tests... 2. surveys of student perc…
Teachers Sense of Efficacy
a teachers belief that he/she can reach difficult students an…
No Child Left Behind
January of 2002, George W Bush... requires grades 3-8 and once i…
20 terms
education psychology
Einstein, Mullet & Harrison (2012) wer…
What was the key finding from the Eins…
Encoding, one of the parts of memory p…
Working and long term memory is connec…
The Testing Effect
Students who engaged in testing did better than those who jus…
How you get memories into your memory systems.
The second memory process of storage.
Einstein, Mullet & Harrison (2012) wer…
The Testing Effect
What was the key finding from the Eins…
Students who engaged in testing did better than those who jus…
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