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Study sets matching "egan's"

1,982 terms
egan's
What causes inaccurate readings of oxy…
In high altitudes, what inaccuracy wil…
In high pressures, what inaccuracy wil…
What are the EFFECTS OF PRESSURE on Mi…
• H2O condensation (on probe)... • Pressure fluctuations
lower % than actual... • because lower pressure in higher altitu…
• higher % than actual... • some mechanical ventilation
• Yes! Because it responds to partial pressure of O2 (not %)…
What causes inaccurate readings of oxy…
• H2O condensation (on probe)... • Pressure fluctuations
In high altitudes, what inaccuracy wil…
lower % than actual... • because lower pressure in higher altitu…
27 terms
Chapter 2 Egan's
a high degree of excellence
"never an accident, always a result of…
CoARC
the primary method of ensuring quality…
quality
quality
responsible for ensuring that respiratory therapy EDUCATIONAL…
NBRC
a high degree of excellence
quality
"never an accident, always a result of…
quality
135 terms
Egan's Chapter 32
Ipratropium bromide and tiotropium bro…
atropine sulfate
atropine sulfate side effects
ipratropium
-are fully ionized compounds that are not well absorbed and d…
-is a tertiary ammonium compound that is easily absorbed into…
include the local topical effect of dry mouth, pupillary dila…
-is not contraindicated in subjects with prostatic hypertroph…
Ipratropium bromide and tiotropium bro…
-are fully ionized compounds that are not well absorbed and d…
atropine sulfate
-is a tertiary ammonium compound that is easily absorbed into…
135 terms
Egan's Chapter 32
Ipratropium bromide and tiotropium bro…
atropine sulfate
atropine sulfate side effects
ipratropium
-are fully ionized compounds that are not well absorbed and d…
-is a tertiary ammonium compound that is easily absorbed into…
include the local topical effect of dry mouth, pupillary dila…
-is not contraindicated in subjects with prostatic hypertroph…
Ipratropium bromide and tiotropium bro…
-are fully ionized compounds that are not well absorbed and d…
atropine sulfate
-is a tertiary ammonium compound that is easily absorbed into…
15 terms
Mrs. Egan's Skeleton
One function of the skeleton
Immovable joints
Ball and socket
Pivot
Protects organs.
Skull
Shoulders and hips
Neck
One function of the skeleton
Protects organs.
Immovable joints
Skull
64 terms
Egan's Chapter 10 - Ventilation
Primary Function of the Lungs
Define Tidal Volume (VT)
Define Normal VT
Describe the transresipiratory pressur…
• Supply O₂... • Remove CO₂
The volume of air inspired or expired in a single breath duri…
• Removes CO₂ and supplies O₂ to meet metabolic needs (≈ 0.5…
• The difference in pressure between the atmosphere and the a…
Primary Function of the Lungs
• Supply O₂... • Remove CO₂
Define Tidal Volume (VT)
The volume of air inspired or expired in a single breath duri…
67 terms
Chapter 32 Egan's
Do adrenergic bronchodilators use symp…
Do anticholinergic bronchodilators use…
What neurotransmitter do ultra short a…
What neurotransmitter(s) do short acti…
sympathetic
parasympathetic (unless combined with adrenergic bronchodilat…
norepinephrine or epinephrine, stimulates, alpha 1 (epinephri…
norepinephrine or epinephrine, stimulates, beta 2
Do adrenergic bronchodilators use symp…
sympathetic
Do anticholinergic bronchodilators use…
parasympathetic (unless combined with adrenergic bronchodilat…
67 terms
Chapter 32 Egan's
Do adrenergic bronchodilators use symp…
Do anticholinergic bronchodilators use…
What neurotransmitter do ultra short a…
What neurotransmitter(s) do short acti…
sympathetic
parasympathetic (unless combined with adrenergic bronchodilat…
norepinephrine or epinephrine, stimulates, alpha 1 (epinephri…
norepinephrine or epinephrine, stimulates, beta 2
Do adrenergic bronchodilators use symp…
sympathetic
Do anticholinergic bronchodilators use…
parasympathetic (unless combined with adrenergic bronchodilat…
83 terms
Egan's Chapter 4
(1) source (2) susceptible host (3) ro…
humans
contact, droplet, airborne, vehicle, v…
contact
What are the 3 elements needed for infection to spread?
What is the primary source of infectious agents?
What are the major routes for transmission?
What is the most common route of transmission?
(1) source (2) susceptible host (3) ro…
What are the 3 elements needed for infection to spread?
humans
What is the primary source of infectious agents?
18 terms
Chapter 7 Egan's
benchmarking
clinical decision support
clinical simulation
DataArc
valuable for each of the primary functions of RC managers, in…
systems that match the characteristics of individual patients…
Objectives:... -interpret data... -recognize and prioritize problem…
secured, password-protected, web-based database management sy…
benchmarking
valuable for each of the primary functions of RC managers, in…
clinical decision support
systems that match the characteristics of individual patients…
51 terms
Egan's Test 1
A therapist who says "Please explain t…
To decrease a pt's loss of body heat....
A therapist who says "You seem to be a…
Which of the following strategies for…
Clarifying
- Increase temperature of room... - Move the patient away from c…
Reflecting feelings
Compromising
A therapist who says "Please explain t…
Clarifying
To decrease a pt's loss of body heat....
- Increase temperature of room... - Move the patient away from c…
42 terms
Egan's Chapter 3
Ambulation
Ampere
Auditory
Current
Process of helping a bedridden patient begin to sit up, stand…
What current is reported in
Pertaining to the sense of hearing
A flowing or streaming movement; a flow of electrons along a…
Ambulation
Process of helping a bedridden patient begin to sit up, stand…
Ampere
What current is reported in
41 terms
Egan's ch 1
Ebers papyrus
Hippocrates
Important substances that enters the h…
Leonardo Da Vinci 1400's
1550BC egypt, Documents inhalation treatment for asthma
Describes 4 diseases states phlegm, blood, black, and yellow…
earth, fire, water, air.
performed illegal autopsies. 1400's
Ebers papyrus
1550BC egypt, Documents inhalation treatment for asthma
Hippocrates
Describes 4 diseases states phlegm, blood, black, and yellow…
97 terms
Chapter 1 Egan's
respiratory care (respiratory therapy)
RT role in health care
RT areas of employment (6)
AARC
health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of o…
prevent, identify, and treat acute or chronic dysfunction of…
hospitals (75%), clinics, physicians' offices, skilled nursin…
American Association of Respiratory Care
respiratory care (respiratory therapy)
health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of o…
RT role in health care
prevent, identify, and treat acute or chronic dysfunction of…
50 terms
Egan's Chapter 32
What are the brand names for Ipratropi…
Adult dosages for Ipratropium Bromide
Ipratropium Bromide - Onset
Ipratropium Bromide - Peak
Atrovent, Atrovent HFA
HFA mdi: 17micrograms/putt 2 puffs 4x daily;... SVN: 0.02% solut…
Onset 15 minutes
1-2 hour
What are the brand names for Ipratropi…
Atrovent, Atrovent HFA
Adult dosages for Ipratropium Bromide
HFA mdi: 17micrograms/putt 2 puffs 4x daily;... SVN: 0.02% solut…
40 terms
Chapter 5 Egan's
Briefly discuss the primary guiding pr…
autonomy
veracity
nonmaleficence
Ethical theories and principles provide the foundation for al…
o acknowledges the personal liberty of patients and their rig…
binds the health care provider and the patient to tell the tr…
obligates health care providers to avoid harming patients and…
Briefly discuss the primary guiding pr…
Ethical theories and principles provide the foundation for al…
autonomy
o acknowledges the personal liberty of patients and their rig…
80 terms
Egan's Chapter 16
Clinical biochemistry
The analysis of blood and other bodily…
Laboratory tests
the term normal ranges is now known as..
involves the analysis of blood, urine, and other bodily fluid…
includes the subspecialties of identifying bacteria (bacterio…
are employed to determine a patient's health status and aid m…
reference ranges, biologic reference intervals, and expected…
Clinical biochemistry
involves the analysis of blood, urine, and other bodily fluid…
The analysis of blood and other bodily…
includes the subspecialties of identifying bacteria (bacterio…
42 terms
Egan's Chapter 3
Ambulation
Ampere
Auditory
Current
Process of helping a bedridden patient begin to sit up, stand…
What current is reported in
Pertaining to the sense of hearing
A flowing or streaming movement; a flow of electrons along a…
Ambulation
Process of helping a bedridden patient begin to sit up, stand…
Ampere
What current is reported in
27 terms
Egan's Ch. 25
Parietal Pleura
Pleural Effusion
Stomata
Transudative Pleural Effusion
Membrane covering the surface of the chest wall, mediastinum,…
Abnormal collection of fluid within the pleural space
Small holes within the parietal pleura that are the main rout…
Pleural effusion low in protein or lactate dehydrogenase, usu…
Parietal Pleura
Membrane covering the surface of the chest wall, mediastinum,…
Pleural Effusion
Abnormal collection of fluid within the pleural space
48 terms
Egan's chapter-2
What are the elements of respiratory c…
Medical directors and their roles
designations and credentials of respir…
Which organization is working for the…
Medical director... respiratory therapists... technical director
- usually a pulmonary / critical care physician or anesthesio…
1) CRT- certified respiratory therapist... 2) RRT- registered re…
-American association of respiratory care (AARC)... - both curre…
What are the elements of respiratory c…
Medical director... respiratory therapists... technical director
Medical directors and their roles
- usually a pulmonary / critical care physician or anesthesio…
24 terms
Egan' s Chapter 43
what is needed for gas to floe through…
Pressure at the airway opening Pawo, i…
What is Ppl, pressure in the pleural s…
transrespiratory pressure Ptr
pressure gradient
mouth pressure
the virtual space between the visceral and parietal pleurae,…
the difference between the airway opening pressure and the bo…
what is needed for gas to floe through…
pressure gradient
Pressure at the airway opening Pawo, i…
mouth pressure
27 terms
Egan's Chapter 1
Respiratory Care
Respiratory therapists (RTs)
Respiratory Care Practitioners
The first health care specialists appe…
The health care discipline that specializes in the promotion…
apply scientific principles to prevent, identify, and treat a…
A graduate of a CoARC accredited school designed to qualify t…
1940s
Respiratory Care
The health care discipline that specializes in the promotion…
Respiratory therapists (RTs)
apply scientific principles to prevent, identify, and treat a…
51 terms
Egan's Test 1
A therapist who says "Please explain t…
To decrease a pt's loss of body heat....
A therapist who says "You seem to be a…
Which of the following strategies for…
Clarifying
- Increase temperature of room... - Move the patient away from c…
Reflecting feelings
Compromising
A therapist who says "Please explain t…
Clarifying
To decrease a pt's loss of body heat....
- Increase temperature of room... - Move the patient away from c…
57 terms
Egan's Chapter 37
Nonflammable
Oxidizing
Flammable
Medical Gases
Does not burn
Nonflammable but supportive of combustion
Burns readily, potentially explosive
Therapeutic, Laboratory, Anesthetic
Nonflammable
Does not burn
Oxidizing
Nonflammable but supportive of combustion
74 terms
Egan's Chapter 5
The force behind law is twofold
Philosophy
Ethics
In the later part of the 1990s
(1) statutory punishment, ranging from reparations and fines…
the love of wisdom and the pursuit of knowledge concerning hu…
one of the disciplines of philosophy, which include ontology…
managed care strategies and other cost-containment methods ad…
The force behind law is twofold
(1) statutory punishment, ranging from reparations and fines…
Philosophy
the love of wisdom and the pursuit of knowledge concerning hu…
10 terms
Egan's ch 9
Respiratory Systems Function
External Respiration
Internal Respiration
5 PPHASES OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT(by weeks…
Absorb O2 and excrete CO2
Is the exchange of gas in the atmosphere and blood
Is the exchange of gas between blood and tissue
Weeks... 26-52... 52day to 16 weeks... 17-26 weeks... 26-36... 36-term
Respiratory Systems Function
Absorb O2 and excrete CO2
External Respiration
Is the exchange of gas in the atmosphere and blood
61 terms
Chapter 35 Egan's
American Society for Testing and Mater…
Baffling
Body humidity
humidifier
nongovernment agency that establishes performance standards f…
process of removing large water particles from suspension in…
absolute humidity in a volume of gas saturated at a body temp…
device that adds molecular water to gas.
American Society for Testing and Mater…
nongovernment agency that establishes performance standards f…
Baffling
process of removing large water particles from suspension in…
175 terms
Egan's Chapter 15
_________ _________ is the process for…
T/F: Bedside assessment is of little r…
Two key sources of patient data are th…
Interviewing serves 3 purposes. What a…
Bedside assessment
T
medical history, physical examination
establish a rapport between the clinician and the patient, ob…
_________ _________ is the process for…
Bedside assessment
T/F: Bedside assessment is of little r…
T
74 terms
Egan's Chapter 5
The force behind law is twofold
Philosophy
Ethics
In the later part of the 1990s
(1) statutory punishment, ranging from reparations and fines…
the love of wisdom and the pursuit of knowledge concerning hu…
one of the disciplines of philosophy, which include ontology…
managed care strategies and other cost-containment methods ad…
The force behind law is twofold
(1) statutory punishment, ranging from reparations and fines…
Philosophy
the love of wisdom and the pursuit of knowledge concerning hu…
86 terms
Chapter 40 Egan's
Airway clearance therapy -
Chest physical therapy (CPT)-
Chest physical therapy (CPT) includes:
It has been shown that combining _____…
involves the use of noninvasive techniques designed to help m…
collection of therapeutic techniques designed to... (1) aid clea…
(1)positioning techniques, (2)chest percussion and vibration,…
certain airway clearance techniques; exercise; Cystic Fibrosi…
Airway clearance therapy -
involves the use of noninvasive techniques designed to help m…
Chest physical therapy (CPT)-
collection of therapeutic techniques designed to... (1) aid clea…
80 terms
Egan's Chapter 16
Clinical biochemistry
The analysis of blood and other bodily…
Laboratory tests
the term normal ranges is now known as..
involves the analysis of blood, urine, and other bodily fluid…
includes the subspecialties of identifying bacteria (bacterio…
are employed to determine a patient's health status and aid m…
reference ranges, biologic reference intervals, and expected…
Clinical biochemistry
involves the analysis of blood, urine, and other bodily fluid…
The analysis of blood and other bodily…
includes the subspecialties of identifying bacteria (bacterio…
46 terms
Egan's Chapter 8
Name the functions of the respiratory…
In the fetal heart, the foramen ovale…
The trachea of small preterm infants m…
What can cause apnea in the neonate?
absorption of O2 and excretion of CO2 called "external respir…
oxygenated blood is preferentially shunted through formen ova…
2 cm long and 2 to 3 mm wide
mechanical and chemical irritant laryngeal reflexes develop a…
Name the functions of the respiratory…
absorption of O2 and excretion of CO2 called "external respir…
In the fetal heart, the foramen ovale…
oxygenated blood is preferentially shunted through formen ova…
17 terms
egan's chapter 45
Which of the following statements abou…
All of the following types of patints…
Noninvasive CPAP is indicated for whic…
A 21-year-old men who suffered a C4-5…
The positive pressure in noninvasive positive-pressure ventil…
ARDS
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema with hypoxemia only
Nasal pillows
Which of the following statements abou…
The positive pressure in noninvasive positive-pressure ventil…
All of the following types of patints…
ARDS
60 terms
Egan's Chapter 38
atmospheric pressure absolute (ATA)
bronchopneumonia symptoms may occur
bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)
croup
measure of pressure used in HBO
in patients with prolonged high PO2, causing patchy infiltrat…
hyperinflation of the lungs... chronic respiratory disorder... scar…
infectious disorder of the upper airway occurring chiefly in…
atmospheric pressure absolute (ATA)
measure of pressure used in HBO
bronchopneumonia symptoms may occur
in patients with prolonged high PO2, causing patchy infiltrat…
61 terms
Chapter 35 Egan's
American Society for Testing and Mater…
Baffling
Body humidity
humidifier
nongovernment agency that establishes performance standards f…
process of removing large water particles from suspension in…
absolute humidity in a volume of gas saturated at a body temp…
device that adds molecular water to gas.
American Society for Testing and Mater…
nongovernment agency that establishes performance standards f…
Baffling
process of removing large water particles from suspension in…
97 terms
Chapter 1 Egan's
respiratory care (respiratory therapy)
RT role in health care
RT areas of employment (6)
AARC
health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of o…
prevent, identify, and treat acute or chronic dysfunction of…
hospitals (75%), clinics, physicians' offices, skilled nursin…
American Association of Respiratory Care
respiratory care (respiratory therapy)
health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of o…
RT role in health care
prevent, identify, and treat acute or chronic dysfunction of…
41 terms
Egan's Chapter-18
What is meant by "gas exchange" in the…
Differentiate between the concepts of…
What is meant by "invasive monitoring"?
What does "Fi02" stand for in medical…
-Molecules will move from high to low concentration. The exch…
**Analysis - looking at something one time and having self-un…
Invasive procedures require insertion of a sensor or collecti…
FiO2 stands for Fraction of Inspired O2.... -Normally we inhale…
What is meant by "gas exchange" in the…
-Molecules will move from high to low concentration. The exch…
Differentiate between the concepts of…
**Analysis - looking at something one time and having self-un…
57 terms
Egan's Chapter 37
Nonflammable
Oxidizing
Flammable
Medical Gases
Does not burn
Nonflammable but supportive of combustion
Burns readily, potentially explosive
Therapeutic, Laboratory, Anesthetic
Nonflammable
Does not burn
Oxidizing
Nonflammable but supportive of combustion
41 terms
Egan's Test 2
What is the primary determinate of PAO2?
What is indicated by the presence of c…
The highest PCO2 levels are found in w…
What is the minimum amount of time tha…
PO2 in the inspired gas
Respiratory failure
arterial blood
0.25 seconds
What is the primary determinate of PAO2?
PO2 in the inspired gas
What is indicated by the presence of c…
Respiratory failure
26 terms
Egan's chapter 35
Humidity Therapy
Heat & Moisture Exchange
Nasal mucosal lining
Heat & Moisture Exchange (the mouth)
Involves adding water vapor and (sometimes) heat to the inspi…
a primary function of the uppers respiratory tract, mainly th…
kept moist by secretions from mucus glands, goblet cells, tra…
is less effective at heat & moisture exchange than the nose;…
Humidity Therapy
Involves adding water vapor and (sometimes) heat to the inspi…
Heat & Moisture Exchange
a primary function of the uppers respiratory tract, mainly th…
31 terms
Egan's Test 3
Properties for Oxygen
Properties for Air
Properties of Carbon Dioxide
Properties of Nitric Oxide
Colorless, Odorless, Transparent, and Tasteless.... Has a densit…
Colorless, Odorless, 21% O2, 78% Nitrogren, 1% trace gases... Ha…
Colorless & Odorless. Does not support combustion. ... Used for…
Colorless, nonflammable, toxic gas that supports combustion.…
Properties for Oxygen
Colorless, Odorless, Transparent, and Tasteless.... Has a densit…
Properties for Air
Colorless, Odorless, 21% O2, 78% Nitrogren, 1% trace gases... Ha…
83 terms
Egan's Chapter 3
Ambulation
Ampere
Auditory
Current
Process of helping a bedridden patient begin to sit up, stand…
What current is reported in
Pertaining to the sense of hearing
A flowing or streaming movement; a flow of electrons along a…
Ambulation
Process of helping a bedridden patient begin to sit up, stand…
Ampere
What current is reported in
93 terms
Egan's chapter 33
What is the primary indication for tra…
What is the most common complication o…
what are the complications of tracheal…
How often should patients be suctioned?
retention of secretions
hypoxemia
-bronchospasms... -mucosal trauma... -elevated intracranial pressure
when physical findings support the need
What is the primary indication for tra…
retention of secretions
What is the most common complication o…
hypoxemia
41 terms
Egan's Test 2
What is the primary determinate of PAO2?
What is indicated by the presence of c…
The highest PCO2 levels are found in w…
What is the minimum amount of time tha…
PO2 in the inspired gas
Respiratory failure
arterial blood
0.25 seconds
What is the primary determinate of PAO2?
PO2 in the inspired gas
What is indicated by the presence of c…
Respiratory failure
27 terms
Egan's Chapter 2
Quality
3 Elements of quality care
Ways to monitor quality care (name two)
The Joint Commission (TJC)
A characteristic reflecting a high degree of excellence, fitn…
Personnel... Equipment... Method/manner in which care is provided
1) Institutional: skills check-offs, classes, and competencie…
A private, not-for-profit organization that evaluates and acc…
Quality
A characteristic reflecting a high degree of excellence, fitn…
3 Elements of quality care
Personnel... Equipment... Method/manner in which care is provided
14 terms
Mrs. Egan's Skin II
Function of skin
Function of skin
Function of skin
Function of skin
Prevents water loss.
Protects body from injury, infection.
Regulates body temperature.
Eliminates wastes.
Function of skin
Prevents water loss.
Function of skin
Protects body from injury, infection.
51 terms
Egan's Test 1
A therapist who says "Please explain t…
To decrease a pt's loss of body heat....
A therapist who says "You seem to be a…
Which of the following strategies for…
Clarifying
- Increase temperature of room... - Move the patient away from c…
Reflecting feelings
Compromising
A therapist who says "Please explain t…
Clarifying
To decrease a pt's loss of body heat....
- Increase temperature of room... - Move the patient away from c…
11 terms
Mrs. Egan's Skin I
Pores
Hair Follicle
Oil Glands
Vitamin D
Openings in the skin where sweat reaches the surface.
Little sacs in the dermis that produce hair.
Keeps skin moist and waterproofs hair.
Helps digestive system absorb calcium for strong bones.
Pores
Openings in the skin where sweat reaches the surface.
Hair Follicle
Little sacs in the dermis that produce hair.
81 terms
Egan's Respiratory Therapy
Ventilation
Tidal Volume (Vt)
Elastance
Pressure Gradient
The process of moving gas (usually air) in and out of the lungs
The measured volume of either inspiration or expiration... To fi…
Distensibility of the lungs and thorax; elanstance is the rec…
Causes gas to flow into and out of the alveoli during breathing
Ventilation
The process of moving gas (usually air) in and out of the lungs
Tidal Volume (Vt)
The measured volume of either inspiration or expiration... To fi…
64 terms
Egan's Chapter 10 - Ventilation
Primary Function of the Lungs
Define Tidal Volume (VT)
Define Normal VT
Describe the transresipiratory pressur…
• Supply O₂... • Remove CO₂
The volume of air inspired or expired in a single breath duri…
• Removes CO₂ and supplies O₂ to meet metabolic needs (≈ 0.5…
• The difference in pressure between the atmosphere and the a…
Primary Function of the Lungs
• Supply O₂... • Remove CO₂
Define Tidal Volume (VT)
The volume of air inspired or expired in a single breath duri…
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