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Study sets matching "electrolytes nursing fluids"

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Study sets matching "electrolytes nursing fluids"

116 terms
Nursing sciences, fluids and electrolytes
air embolus
only type O
Allen's test
8.6- 10 mg/ dl
an obstruction that enters the vein through an inadequately p…
A person with type O blood can receive ___ blood
A test to assess for collateral circulation to the hand by ev…
normal level of calcium in blood
air embolus
an obstruction that enters the vein through an inadequately p…
only type O
A person with type O blood can receive ___ blood
69 terms
Nursing 160 - Fluids and Electrolytes
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
The number of milliosmoles in a liter of solution.
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
STCC Nursing, Fluids and Electrolytes
Role of Sodium
Role of Potassium
Role of Calcium
Role of Magnesium
- the major cation of ECF... - controls and regulates volume of…
- most abundant cation of ICF... - chief regulator of cellular e…
- role in blood coagulation and in transmission of nerve impu…
- metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins, vital actions inv…
Role of Sodium
- the major cation of ECF... - controls and regulates volume of…
Role of Potassium
- most abundant cation of ICF... - chief regulator of cellular e…
71 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes for Nursing Care
Changes in body water content with age
Who is most at risk for fluid imbalanc…
Why are older adults more at risk for…
Fluid compartments in the body
-Infants have low body fat, low bone mass, and are 70% or mor…
1. Older adults- multiple factors... 2. Infants- due to high bod…
-kidneys don't function well... -vessels have decreased elastici…
1. Blood vessels (EC): plasma= 5% of body weight... 2. Interstit…
Changes in body water content with age
-Infants have low body fat, low bone mass, and are 70% or mor…
Who is most at risk for fluid imbalanc…
1. Older adults- multiple factors... 2. Infants- due to high bod…
34 terms
Nursing Fluids and Electrolytes
Is the mnemonic SUCTION hypokalemia, h…
In the mnemonic SUCTION the "S" stands…
In the mnemonic SUCTION the "U" stands…
In the mnemonic SUCTION the "C" stands…
Hypokalemia
Skeletal muscle weakness
U wave EKG changes
Constipation, ilseus
Is the mnemonic SUCTION hypokalemia, h…
Hypokalemia
In the mnemonic SUCTION the "S" stands…
Skeletal muscle weakness
42 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing 302
When does Edema develop?
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Rapid weight gain is the best indicato…
What does ADH trigger?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Fluid retention and/or fluid overload
Increase of Na, acts on the kidneys by making them more perme…
When does Edema develop?
When changes in normal hydrostatic pressure differences
What does Aldosterone trigger?
Decreases Na, reabsorbs sodium and water from the urine back…
Fluid and Electrolyte balance Nursing
Regulation of Fluid balance
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Potential spaces (Third spacing)
-Done in he kidneys... - ADH(Anti Diuretic Hormone)... - Aldosteron…
Outside the cells... - interstitial: fluid surrounding cells... - v…
Within the cells
Ex: pleural spaces, peritoneal spaces, and mediastinal spaces…
Regulation of Fluid balance
-Done in he kidneys... - ADH(Anti Diuretic Hormone)... - Aldosteron…
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Outside the cells... - interstitial: fluid surrounding cells... - v…
57 terms
Nursing Fundamentals: Fluids and Electrolytes
Normal input of daily fluids should be
Fluids are ___-____% of body weight
What keeps fluid in the vascular space?
Osmosis
2600ml/day but varies
50-60%
a. protein content of blood... b. Integrity of vascular lining... c…
water moves across the cell membrane which separates fluids o…
Normal input of daily fluids should be
2600ml/day but varies
Fluids are ___-____% of body weight
50-60%
74 terms
Nursing 82N-Fluids and electrolytes
isotonic IV solutions
Hypotonic IV solutions
Hypertonic IV solution
what are isotonic solutions used for
- Normal saline 0.9%... -Lactate ringer sol
-0.45% NS (1/2 NS)... -0.25% NS(1/4 NS)... -1/3 NS
-3% NS... -5% NS... -D5O.45% NS... -D5O.9% NS... -D5W
-resuscitation therapy... -electrolyte replacement ... -perioperati…
isotonic IV solutions
- Normal saline 0.9%... -Lactate ringer sol
Hypotonic IV solutions
-0.45% NS (1/2 NS)... -0.25% NS(1/4 NS)... -1/3 NS
40 terms
Nursing Fluid and Electrolytes
Fluid Volume Deficit Hypovolemia
What causes FVD hypovolemia?
Fluid Volume Deficit Dehydration
What causes FVD dehydration?
decrease in water and electrolytes of ECF in isotonic proport…
increased urination, sweating, bleeding. GI losses (fistula,…
decrease in water with out loss of electrolytes (sodium incre…
caused by those who can't drink water, intake too much solute…
Fluid Volume Deficit Hypovolemia
decrease in water and electrolytes of ECF in isotonic proport…
What causes FVD hypovolemia?
increased urination, sweating, bleeding. GI losses (fistula,…
433 terms
Nursing 2 - Fluid & Electrolytes
higher
50-60%
more
less
The younger a person is, the ___ the % of water.
Approximately what % of an adult's body is made up of water?
The more lean body mass, the __ water the body is composed of.
Do obese people have more or less water than people of averag…
higher
The younger a person is, the ___ the % of water.
50-60%
Approximately what % of an adult's body is made up of water?
112 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing
Osmosis
Diffusion
Filtration
Hydrostatic Pressure
the process where fluid moves across a semipermeable membrane…
the natural tendency of a substance to move from an area of h…
hydrostatic pressure in the capillaries tends to FILTER fluid…
Pressure created by the weight of fluid against the wall that…
Osmosis
the process where fluid moves across a semipermeable membrane…
Diffusion
the natural tendency of a substance to move from an area of h…
5 terms
Nursing fluids and electrolytes
Fluids
Electrolytes
Periop
Intraop
...
...
...
...
Fluids
...
Electrolytes
...
24 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes-Nursing
Hypervolemia-Isotonic
Hypervolemia-Hypertonic
Hypervolemia-Hypotonic
Hypovolemia-isotonic
Fluid Excess-equal amounts of electrolytes and water; Treatme…
Is a extracellular fluid volume deficit; more electrolytes th…
more electrolytes in cells then outside the cell; caused by w…
equal amount of water and electrolyte loss; fluid intake is l…
Hypervolemia-Isotonic
Fluid Excess-equal amounts of electrolytes and water; Treatme…
Hypervolemia-Hypertonic
Is a extracellular fluid volume deficit; more electrolytes th…
64 terms
Fluid and electrolytes (Nursing 2)
what does rising osmolarity or decreas…
what are the primary organs of fluid a…
what are some signs of dehydration?
what are some signs of hypervolemia
the sensation of thirst
hypothalamus, kidney, adrenal glands, posterior pituitary, th…
changing BP, skin changes, irritability, confusion, dizziness…
tachypnea, dyspnea, crackles, rapid bounding pulse, distended…
what does rising osmolarity or decreas…
the sensation of thirst
what are the primary organs of fluid a…
hypothalamus, kidney, adrenal glands, posterior pituitary, th…
61 terms
Nursing 106 - Fluids & Electrolytes
Function of Fluids
Average Fluid Intake & Output
Distribution of Fluids
Fluid Percentage of Total Body Weight
Transport of nutrients and oxygen to cell... Excretion of wastes…
Total: 2200 - 2700 mL... Oral Intake: 1100 - 1400 mL... Foods: 800…
Cellular Fluid - majority, 35-40%... Extracellular - 15-20%... Plas…
Infants - 80%... Adult Male - 60%... Adult Female - 50%... Elderly - 40%
Function of Fluids
Transport of nutrients and oxygen to cell... Excretion of wastes…
Average Fluid Intake & Output
Total: 2200 - 2700 mL... Oral Intake: 1100 - 1400 mL... Foods: 800…
25 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes Nursing Process
Fluid Volume Deficit Collaborative care
Fluid Volume Excess Collaborative care
Nursing Diagnoses for ECF volume deficit
ECF Volume excess of deficit ... Nursing…
Goal is to treat the underlying cause and replace water and a…
Treatment involves removing excess fluid in the body without…
- Deficient volume related to excessive ECF Losses or decreas…
GU system: 24 hour I & O gives valuable information regarding…
Fluid Volume Deficit Collaborative care
Goal is to treat the underlying cause and replace water and a…
Fluid Volume Excess Collaborative care
Treatment involves removing excess fluid in the body without…
73 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
88 terms
Nurse 340 Fluids and Electrolytes
Fluid volume deficit
Dehydration goal
Isotonic dehydration
Isotonic dehydration causes
-Dehydration
-Restore fluid volume... -Replace electrolytes as needed ... -Elimi…
-Water and electrolytes losses in equal portions ... -Hypovolemi…
-Inadequate intake ... -excessive loss ... -Fluid shift
Fluid volume deficit
-Dehydration
Dehydration goal
-Restore fluid volume... -Replace electrolytes as needed ... -Elimi…
433 terms
Nursing 2 - Fluid & Electrolytes
higher
50-60%
more
less
The younger a person is, the ___ the % of water.
Approximately what % of an adult's body is made up of water?
The more lean body mass, the __ water the body is composed of.
Do obese people have more or less water than people of averag…
higher
The younger a person is, the ___ the % of water.
50-60%
Approximately what % of an adult's body is made up of water?
88 terms
Nursing Fluid & Electrolyte
A client with renal disease requires I…
What is an appropriate nursing diagnos…
A decrease in arterial blood will resu…
Potassium
place the fluid on an electronic devise
Extracellular volume excess related to heart failure as evide…
Renin
A client with renal disease requires I…
place the fluid on an electronic devise
What is an appropriate nursing diagnos…
Extracellular volume excess related to heart failure as evide…
18 terms
Fluids and electrolytes-nursing
Normal lab value range for chloride
Normal lab value range for sodium
Normal lab value range for Calcium
Normal lab value range for potassium
95-105 meq/L
135-145 meq/L
9-11 mg/dL
3.5-5.3 meq/L
Normal lab value range for chloride
95-105 meq/L
Normal lab value range for sodium
135-145 meq/L
88 terms
Nurse 340 Fluids and Electrolytes
Fluid volume deficit
Dehydration goal
Isotonic dehydration
Isotonic dehydration causes
-Dehydration
-Restore fluid volume... -Replace electrolytes as needed ... -Elimi…
-Water and electrolytes losses in equal portions ... -Hypovolemi…
-Inadequate intake ... -excessive loss ... -Fluid shift
Fluid volume deficit
-Dehydration
Dehydration goal
-Restore fluid volume... -Replace electrolytes as needed ... -Elimi…
73 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
56 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes nursing 3
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
The number of milliosmoles in a liter of solution.
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
51 terms
Fluids and Electrolytes Nursing Implications
- dry mucus membranes... - change in lOC…
- thirst, dry mucus membranes ... - poor…
what can you give if someone has fluid…
in a trauma patient how do we know tha…
Hypovolemia
fluid volume deficit
0.9% normal saline
- increase in output ... - HR will decrease... - pulse will normali…
- dry mucus membranes... - change in lOC…
Hypovolemia
- thirst, dry mucus membranes ... - poor…
fluid volume deficit
105 terms
Nursing 110 Fluid & Electrolytes
Water
Composition of body fluid
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
-Major component of body fluids... -Vital for health and normal…
-Oxygen... -Carbon dioxide... -Dissolved nutrients from the GI trac…
-Fluid inside the cell ... -Oxygen, electrolytes, glucose... -2/3 o…
-Outside the cell, transports nutrients/waste... -1/3 of fluid 3…
Water
-Major component of body fluids... -Vital for health and normal…
Composition of body fluid
-Oxygen... -Carbon dioxide... -Dissolved nutrients from the GI trac…
93 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes Nursing 302
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Intravascular fluid
Interstitial fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Body fluids located outside of cells... 20% of body weight ... comp…
the fluid within the circulatory system; blood plasma... 5%
liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much…
Intracellular fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular fluid
Body fluids located outside of cells... 20% of body weight ... comp…
16 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Nursing
Hyponatremia: Risk Factors
Hyponatremia: Clinical Manifestation
Hypernatremia: Risk Factors
Hypernatremia: Clinical Manifestations
Loss of sodium, GI fluid loss, sweating, diuretics, gain of w…
Lethargy, confusion, apprehension, muscle twitching, abdomina…
Loss of water, insensible water loss (hyperventilation or fev…
Thrist, dry, sticky mucous membranes, tongue red, dry swollen…
Hyponatremia: Risk Factors
Loss of sodium, GI fluid loss, sweating, diuretics, gain of w…
Hyponatremia: Clinical Manifestation
Lethargy, confusion, apprehension, muscle twitching, abdomina…
33 terms
Nursing320: Fluid and Electrolytes
0.9% NaCl (normal saline)... *fluid volum…
Lactated Ringer's solution ... *don't adm…
0.45% NaCl (1/2 normal saline)
0.25% NaCl (1/4 normal saline)
Isotonic Solutions
Isotonic Solutions
Hypotonic Solutions
Hypotonic Solutions
0.9% NaCl (normal saline)... *fluid volum…
Isotonic Solutions
Lactated Ringer's solution ... *don't adm…
Isotonic Solutions
65 terms
Professional Nursing - Fluid and Electrolytes
Extracellular
Intracellular
Electrolyte
Cations
Components OUTSIDE of the cells which includes plasma (inside…
Inside the cells - 70% of total body fluid
A substance that breaks down to form electrically charged par…
Positively charged ions
Extracellular
Components OUTSIDE of the cells which includes plasma (inside…
Intracellular
Inside the cells - 70% of total body fluid
88 terms
Nursing Fluid & Electrolyte
A client with renal disease requires I…
What is an appropriate nursing diagnos…
A decrease in arterial blood will resu…
Potassium
place the fluid on an electronic devise
Extracellular volume excess related to heart failure as evide…
Renin
A client with renal disease requires I…
place the fluid on an electronic devise
What is an appropriate nursing diagnos…
Extracellular volume excess related to heart failure as evide…
73 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
35 terms
Fluids and electrolytes NURSING2700O
Thyroid effects on older adults
Adrenal medulla effects on older adults
Pituitary effects on older adults
Creatinine
Lower BMR , hypothyroidism.
May contribute to hypertension, and decreased response to bet…
Decreased production of glucocorticoids comma estrogen, proge…
0.5 - 1.2 mg / DL
Thyroid effects on older adults
Lower BMR , hypothyroidism.
Adrenal medulla effects on older adults
May contribute to hypertension, and decreased response to bet…
69 terms
Nursing 160 - Fluids and Electrolytes
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
The number of milliosmoles in a liter of solution.
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
71 terms
Nursing 160 - Fluids and Electrolytes
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
Concentration of solutes in body fluids
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
63 terms
Nursing: Fluid and Electrolytes Nutrition
macronutrients
micronutrients
energy
1cal/kg/hr
supply energy and build tissue such as carbs, fats, proteins
regulate body processes such as vitamins, minerals, and water
measured as kilocalories (cal.)
basal metabolic rate (BMR) equation
macronutrients
supply energy and build tissue such as carbs, fats, proteins
micronutrients
regulate body processes such as vitamins, minerals, and water
69 terms
Nursing 160 - Fluids and Electrolytes
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
The number of milliosmoles in a liter of solution.
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
69 terms
Nursing 160 - Fluids and Electrolytes
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
The number of milliosmoles in a liter of solution.
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
69 terms
Nursing 2500 - Fluids and Electrolytes
What is filtration?
What is diffusion?
What is osmosis?
What is osmolarity?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
The movement of water only through a selectively permeable (s…
The number of milliosmoles in a liter of solution.
What is filtration?
The movement of fluid through a cell or blood vessel caused b…
What is diffusion?
The free movement of particles (solute) across a permeable me…
93 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes Nursing 302
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Intravascular fluid
Interstitial fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Body fluids located outside of cells... 20% of body weight ... comp…
the fluid within the circulatory system; blood plasma... 5%
liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much…
Intracellular fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular fluid
Body fluids located outside of cells... 20% of body weight ... comp…
100 terms
Nursing Fluid and Electrolyte Worksheet
Causes of Hypovolemia
Causes of hypervolemia
Hypovolemia Cardiac signs & symptoms
Hypovolemia Respiratory signs & symptoms
• Inadequate fluid intake... • Fluid shifts between compartments…
• Overhydration... • Heart failure... • Excessive sodium intake... • K…
• Thready, rapid pulse... • Decreased B/P, orthostatic hypotensi…
• Increased rate and depth of respirations... • Dyspnea
Causes of Hypovolemia
• Inadequate fluid intake... • Fluid shifts between compartments…
Causes of hypervolemia
• Overhydration... • Heart failure... • Excessive sodium intake... • K…
63 terms
Nursing: Fluid and Electrolytes Nutrition
macronutrients
micronutrients
energy
1cal/kg/hr
supply energy and build tissue such as carbs, fats, proteins
regulate body processes such as vitamins, minerals, and water
measured as kilocalories (cal.)
basal metabolic rate (BMR) equation
macronutrients
supply energy and build tissue such as carbs, fats, proteins
micronutrients
regulate body processes such as vitamins, minerals, and water
30 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes - Nursing 121
Urine Output per hour in mL
Urine Output per hour in kg
obligatory output per 24 hrs
How are baroreceptors triggered?
30mL/hr
0.5 - 1 kg per hr
400 to 600 mL
Bp too low, baroreceptors are decreased... Bp too high, barorece…
Urine Output per hour in mL
30mL/hr
Urine Output per hour in kg
0.5 - 1 kg per hr
73 terms
Fluid & Electrolytes Nursing
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Composes 50 -60% of human body
Explain Homeostasis
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
Water
a tendency to equilibrium or stability in the normal physiolo…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within cell. Most of body's fluids are found within the…
Extracellular Fluid
Found in the blood vessels in the form of plasma or serum. In…
76 terms
(Nursing II)Fluid and Electrolyte
Fluids and electrolytes help maintain?
What are 6 factors that could contribu…
What are some interventions and treatm…
How much water is located within intra…
Homeostasis
- GI-disturbance.... - N&V.... - Renal disease.... - Burns.... - Thyroid.…
- Surgical.... - Medications(diuretics).... - IV fluids.... - Nasogast…
2/3 water located within the cell
Fluids and electrolytes help maintain?
Homeostasis
What are 6 factors that could contribu…
- GI-disturbance.... - N&V.... - Renal disease.... - Burns.... - Thyroid.…
40 terms
Nursing Fluid and Electrolytes
Fluid Volume Deficit Hypovolemia
What causes FVD hypovolemia?
Fluid Volume Deficit Dehydration
What causes FVD dehydration?
decrease in water and electrolytes of ECF in isotonic proport…
increased urination, sweating, bleeding. GI losses (fistula,…
decrease in water with out loss of electrolytes (sodium incre…
caused by those who can't drink water, intake too much solute…
Fluid Volume Deficit Hypovolemia
decrease in water and electrolytes of ECF in isotonic proport…
What causes FVD hypovolemia?
increased urination, sweating, bleeding. GI losses (fistula,…
37 terms
Fluid and Electrolyte balance Nursing
Regulation of Fluid balance
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Potential spaces (Third spacing)
-Done in he kidneys... - ADH(Anti Diuretic Hormone)... - Aldosteron…
Outside the cells... - interstitial: fluid surrounding cells... - v…
Within the cells
Ex: pleural spaces, peritoneal spaces, and mediastinal spaces…
Regulation of Fluid balance
-Done in he kidneys... - ADH(Anti Diuretic Hormone)... - Aldosteron…
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Outside the cells... - interstitial: fluid surrounding cells... - v…
40 terms
Foundations of Nursing : Fluid and Electrolyte
acid-base balance
active transport
adenosine triphosphate
anions
homeostasis of the hydrogen ion (H+) concentration in the bod…
the movement of materials across the membrane of a cell by me…
a substance produced in the mitochondria from nutrients and i…
negatively charged ion that, when in solution, is attracted t…
acid-base balance
homeostasis of the hydrogen ion (H+) concentration in the bod…
active transport
the movement of materials across the membrane of a cell by me…
22 terms
Professional Nursing: Fluid and Electrolytes
Sodium
Potassium
Calcium
Magnesium
Controls and regulates ecf fluid
Chief regulator of cellular enzyme activity and water content
Nerve impulse, blood clotting, muscle contraction, b12 absorp…
Metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins, vital action involv…
Sodium
Controls and regulates ecf fluid
Potassium
Chief regulator of cellular enzyme activity and water content
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