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Study sets matching "electrolytes"

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Study sets matching "electrolytes"

108 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Health Dev Final Review
Primary cause of COPD
Which neurological disorder was named…
What cardiac term describes the amount…
Rate of potassium administration
Smoking
ALS
Preload
10-20 mEq/hr
Primary cause of COPD
Smoking
Which neurological disorder was named…
ALS
41 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chapter 10 Water and the Electrolytes
Water
Water is a polar solvent in the body
Function of Water
Hydrolysis reaction
60% of body wt and 90% of blood
- positive charge at one end and negative charge at the other…
-Lubricant and cleanser ... -Regulating body temperature by hold…
chemical reaction that breaks large molecules into smaller on…
Water
60% of body wt and 90% of blood
Water is a polar solvent in the body
- positive charge at one end and negative charge at the other…
27 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chem Venn diagram
ionic
covalent
ionic
covalent
Bond is due to the gaining and losing (transfer) of valence e…
does NOT break part when dissolved in water
conducts electricity when in a solution
composed of two nonmetals
ionic
Bond is due to the gaining and losing (transfer) of valence e…
covalent
does NOT break part when dissolved in water
762 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Phys Dx Fall
1 & 5 mins... HR + Resp Effort + M. Tone…
cheyne stokes respirations
midbrain/respiratory center CNS damage…
Chvostek's sign... hypocalcemia
What is APGAR and When is it assessed?
What is alteration between apnea & tachypnea?
What is cheyne stokes respirations associated with?
Tapping over the facial nerve elicits abnormal muscle contrac…
1 & 5 mins... HR + Resp Effort + M. Tone…
What is APGAR and When is it assessed?
cheyne stokes respirations
What is alteration between apnea & tachypnea?
35 termscreated on December 6, 2016
HORMONES- Anatomy
Pancreas
Raise
Pancreas
Lower
What gland is glucagon produced by?
Does glucagon raise or lower blood sugar
What gland is insulin produced by?
Does insulin raise or lower blood sugar
Pancreas
What gland is glucagon produced by?
Raise
Does glucagon raise or lower blood sugar
133 termscreated on December 6, 2016
240 Final
Another name for blood bank is
With which other hospital department w…
Electrolyte testing includes?
Promoting good public relations is par…
Immunohematology
Pharmacy
Sodium, potassium
A) A phlembotomist is a representative of the laboratory thro…
Another name for blood bank is
Immunohematology
With which other hospital department w…
Pharmacy
48 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Honors Chemistry Midterm Exam Review
Matter
Mass
Atom
Element
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
17 termscreated on December 6, 2016
chem final
Democritus
Dalton
Millikan
Thompson
Atom is the most basic particle, means "indivisible"
Atomic theory of Matter
Oil drop experiment- charge of electrons
Cathode ray tube- mass/charge of electrons
Democritus
Atom is the most basic particle, means "indivisible"
Dalton
Atomic theory of Matter
13 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Digestive System II - Ch. 15
Saliva is made of primarily what?
What is the name of a collection of se…
What type of epithelium lines salivary…
Pancreatic ducts are lined by what typ…
Serous secretions
Adenomere
Simple cuboidal/columnar
Simple Cuboidal/columnar
Saliva is made of primarily what?
Serous secretions
What is the name of a collection of se…
Adenomere
28 termscreated on December 6, 2016
HP test 3
Diabetes insipidus could be caused by…
____________ analogs are used to treat…
Dysmennorhea is caused by the release…
Cryptorchidism can be defined as:
ADH; plasma osmolality
Somatostatin
Prostaglandins
testicular maldescent
Diabetes insipidus could be caused by…
ADH; plasma osmolality
____________ analogs are used to treat…
Somatostatin
68 termscreated on December 6, 2016
MLL 9
Lab work
Admission record
Next of kin
Consents
results and requisitions pending for any laboratory tests ord…
the patient's biographical information, as well as his or her…
the patient's closest family member.
signed documents in which the patient or next of kin gives ap…
Lab work
results and requisitions pending for any laboratory tests ord…
Admission record
the patient's biographical information, as well as his or her…
35 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Renal and Liver Function Testing: Diagnostic Mod.
BUN and Creatinine tests
Renal function/electrolytes
Liver Function and nothing else
General Picture of renal, liver functi…
Renal Function
BMP
LFT
CMP
BUN and Creatinine tests
Renal Function
Renal function/electrolytes
BMP
22 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Kidneys, Urinary Tract, Male Genital System
Kidney: major function... -___ excretion…
renal disease: blood tests will show...
Urinalysis:... -proteinuria: If > __g/___…
_____ renal failure: acute decline in…
waste... acid-base and electrolyte... volume... endocrine
elevated serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr)…
-proteinuria: If > 1g/24 hrs , indicates glomerulonephritis... -…
acute
Kidney: major function... -___ excretion…
waste... acid-base and electrolyte... volume... endocrine
renal disease: blood tests will show...
elevated serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr)…
149 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Robbins Chp. 20 - The Kidney
Renal diseases can be categorized base…
All forms of chronic renal disease ult…
What is elevation of blood urea nitrog…
This occurs with kidney hypo perfusion…
Glomeruli (often immunologically mediated injury)... Tubules (to…
End stage renal disease
Azotemia
Prerenal azotemia
Renal diseases can be categorized base…
Glomeruli (often immunologically mediated injury)... Tubules (to…
All forms of chronic renal disease ult…
End stage renal disease
31 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Minerals
Fluid Shift
Dehydration
Mineral Balance
Inorganic substances that dissociate in body fluids to form i…
A rapid water movement between the ECF and ICF in response to…
Develops when water losses outpace water gains.
The balance between ion absorption, which occurs across the l…
Minerals
Inorganic substances that dissociate in body fluids to form i…
Fluid Shift
A rapid water movement between the ECF and ICF in response to…
24 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Pathophysiology Exam 3 Digestive System
The forceful emptying of the stomach a…
The vomiting center lies within the
What stimulus causes throwing up?
What are the manifestations of vomiting?
Vomiting
Medulla oblongota
Gagging ... something that looks gross... smells... watching someone e…
saliva... diaphoresis ... tachycardia
The forceful emptying of the stomach a…
Vomiting
The vomiting center lies within the
Medulla oblongota
22 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Electrolytes
what is the main extracellular electro…
what is the main intracellular electro…
What level of K does the heart like mo…
Normal value of K
Na+
K+
K's greater than 4
3.5-5 mEq/l
what is the main extracellular electro…
Na+
what is the main intracellular electro…
K+
16 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chem Unit 7 Review
2 atom linear
3 atom linear
bent
trigonal planar
no central atom, 108 degree bond angle
0 unshared pairs on central atom, 180 degree bond angle
3 total atoms, 2 or 1 unshared pair(s) on central atom, 104.5…
4 total atoms, 0 unshared pairs on central atom, 120 degree b…
2 atom linear
no central atom, 108 degree bond angle
3 atom linear
0 unshared pairs on central atom, 180 degree bond angle
27 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chapter 7
dissociation
Strong electrolytes
Insoluble
Compounds containing these ions are so…
the separating of cations and anions in a solution of water.…
things that are dissociated in a chemical equation; conduct e…
a compound that cannot dissociate
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, NO3-, C2H3O2-, ClO4-
dissociation
the separating of cations and anions in a solution of water.…
Strong electrolytes
things that are dissociated in a chemical equation; conduct e…
19 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology 210 Disease: Treatment
Folliculitis
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Chickenpox/Shingles
Measles
Critical to clean and drain abscesses of pus before topical a…
Remove tick; administer doxycycline, tetracycline, or chloram…
generally self-limiting; no treatment required... Relief of symp…
-Supportive therapy... -Administration of vitamin A, antibodies…
Folliculitis
Critical to clean and drain abscesses of pus before topical a…
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Remove tick; administer doxycycline, tetracycline, or chloram…
114 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Med Surg Final
What are examples of Isotonic Solutions?
What are examples of Hypotonic Solutio…
What are examples of Hypertonic Soluti…
What should you never infuse?
D5W... .9% sodium chloride(normal saline)... Lactated Ringers
.45% NaCl
D10W... 3-5% NaCl... 5% dextrose in normal saline... 5% dextrose in la…
Electrolyte free water
What are examples of Isotonic Solutions?
D5W... .9% sodium chloride(normal saline)... Lactated Ringers
What are examples of Hypotonic Solutio…
.45% NaCl
35 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Antihypertensive Agents
What should the nurse check before adm…
Antihypertensive agents should be give…
What is the systolic blood pressure ra…
What side effect may occur with the co…
Blood pressure and pulse
Lifelong
120-139
Hypotension
What should the nurse check before adm…
Blood pressure and pulse
Antihypertensive agents should be give…
Lifelong
25 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Clin Chem Pancreas, Thyroid, Electrolytes and Misc
The gland function that is evaluated b…
What lowers blood glucose?
ACTH will stimulate the release of
Which organ is involved with acid-base…
...
Insulin
Cortisol
Lungs
The gland function that is evaluated b…
...
What lowers blood glucose?
Insulin
39 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Diuretics & Drugs for Lower Gastrointestinal Disorders
Drug Ending: Zosin
Drug Ending: Pril
Drug ending: Sartan
Where does the most reabsorption take…
Drug Classification: Alpha-adrenergic blocker... Example: Prazosin
Drug Classification: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) Inhi…
Drug Classification: Angiotensin receptor blocker ... Example: C…
Proximal convoluted tubule
Drug Ending: Zosin
Drug Classification: Alpha-adrenergic blocker... Example: Prazosin
Drug Ending: Pril
Drug Classification: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) Inhi…
22 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Electrolytes
hypervolemia
Hypovolemia
Sodium values
hypernatremia
excessive retention of H20 & electrolytes
fluid volume deficit
135 - 145
> 145
hypervolemia
excessive retention of H20 & electrolytes
Hypovolemia
fluid volume deficit
39 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Safer Old Test Questions
hydrogen bonds are ______________ and…
quaternary structure is:
enzyme catalyzes a:
contents of a human cell separated by…
polar covalent: a weakly positive charge and a negative charg…
2 or more polypeptide chains give the ultimate shape
catabolic reaction
cell membrane & phospholipid bilayer
hydrogen bonds are ______________ and…
polar covalent: a weakly positive charge and a negative charg…
quaternary structure is:
2 or more polypeptide chains give the ultimate shape
470 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Test 1 Semiology Combined (Via Eric - Edited)
Painful adenopathy due to pyogenic a…
Scrofula:... -Primary mycobacterial nod…
Epitrochlear adenopathy: (red streak…
Virchow's node: (aka LEFT supraclavi…
Painful adenopathy due to pyogenic a…
Scrofula:... -Primary mycobacterial nod…
29 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Topic 40: Traumatic Injuries
What is an abrasion?
What is a laceration?
What is an incision?
What type of object is likely to make…
A scraping injury to the surface of the skin, typically in an…
An injury where the skin is cut in an irregular fashion down…
A very regular cut made by a sharp object such as a knife.
Lacerations typically occur by contact with an irregular or b…
What is an abrasion?
A scraping injury to the surface of the skin, typically in an…
What is a laceration?
An injury where the skin is cut in an irregular fashion down…
45 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Laboratory Values
What do lab values show?
Contraindicated
What happens with therapy when a patie…
What happens with therapy when a patie…
a patients overall health and provide information about why o…
particular treatment is unadvised
Therapy is not contraindicated
Therapy is normally deffered
What do lab values show?
a patients overall health and provide information about why o…
Contraindicated
particular treatment is unadvised
22 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Physical Science Ch. 8
solution
solute
solvent
________ could be composed of solids,…
when one substance dissolves in another
substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
the substance in which the solute dissolves
solutions
solution
when one substance dissolves in another
solute
substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
68 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Anatomy Exam: Urinary System
What are the functions of the kidneys?
How do the kidneys control red blood c…
What is a component of many waste prod…
Give some examples of nitrogenous wast…
water balance, electrolyte levels, increasing red blood cell…
they produce the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the…
nitrogen
urea, uric acid, creatinine
What are the functions of the kidneys?
water balance, electrolyte levels, increasing red blood cell…
How do the kidneys control red blood c…
they produce the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the…
25 termscreated on December 6, 2016
sci
Solutes
Solvents
Solution
non-liquid Solutions
the substance being dissolved in a solution
is the substance that is dissolved the other.
is when a solute and a solvent are mix and dissolved
Alloys are made by melting the solid solute and solvent toget…
Solutes
the substance being dissolved in a solution
Solvents
is the substance that is dissolved the other.
19 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Pharm tech 12/6
Crestor
Advair
Desyrl
Fosomax
Rosuvastatin, lowers cholesterol
Fluticasone+salmeterolol, ... Broncho dilater
Trazadone, antidepressent
Alendronate, Bone resorption inhibitor
Crestor
Rosuvastatin, lowers cholesterol
Advair
Fluticasone+salmeterolol, ... Broncho dilater
110 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Blood chemistries & blood studies
blood chemistries
proteins
hormones
electrolytes
badanie biochemiczane krwi
białka
hormony
elektrolity
blood chemistries
badanie biochemiczane krwi
proteins
białka
53 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chapter 4: A&P
Name two life threatening problems tha…
Define the Rule of Nines
Define a burn
Describe the characteristics of a firs…
1. Fluid loss... 2. Dehydration + electrolyte imbalance, leading…
Method that splits the body into 11 region, each counting for…
Tissue damage + cell death caused by intense heat, electricit…
-Epidermis is only damaged... -Area becomes red & swollen... -parti…
Name two life threatening problems tha…
1. Fluid loss... 2. Dehydration + electrolyte imbalance, leading…
Define the Rule of Nines
Method that splits the body into 11 region, each counting for…
12 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Protein
What is a nitrogen containing, non-pro…
9 essential aa
11 non essential aa
what does pepsin act one
serotonin
phenylalanine, valine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan, his…
Alanine, Arginine, Glutamine, Glycine, Cysteine, Aspartic Aci…
large polypeptides
What is a nitrogen containing, non-pro…
serotonin
9 essential aa
phenylalanine, valine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan, his…
39 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chem 1201 Exam 2 Study Guide (Hurst- Ch.4-6)
Solute
Solvent
Electrolyte ... (NaCl)
Non-electrolyte... (C12H22O11)
Sunstance dissolved by the solvent
Substance present in the greatest abundance
Substance whose aqueous solution contains ions
Substance that does not form ions in solution
Solute
Sunstance dissolved by the solvent
Solvent
Substance present in the greatest abundance
23 termscreated on December 6, 2016
nhm 363 pharmacology bingo
MAIOs
Tyramine
hypokalemia
corticosteriods
people taking this class of antidepressant must be careful to…
aged cheeses and meats, soy sauce, and fermented foods are ri…
someone taking thiazide or loop diuretics for HTN would be pr…
side effects of this medication include weight gain, fluid re…
MAIOs
people taking this class of antidepressant must be careful to…
Tyramine
aged cheeses and meats, soy sauce, and fermented foods are ri…
29 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Histology: Digestive System II
Saliva is what type of secretion?
Salivary glands
Adenomere (Acinus)
What do secretory cells do?
Primarily serous secretions
Serous, mucous or mixed... Whole purpose is to lubricate food... lo…
Collection of secretory cells
They release products into ducts
Saliva is what type of secretion?
Primarily serous secretions
Salivary glands
Serous, mucous or mixed... Whole purpose is to lubricate food... lo…
12 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Nutrition
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes symptoms
Glycosuria
Polydipsia
6th leading cause of death... Metabolic disorders ... Increased ris…
Blurred vision ... Increase infections ... Increased infections ... Lo…
Abnormal glucose in urin
Execissve thirst
Diabetes mellitus
6th leading cause of death... Metabolic disorders ... Increased ris…
Diabetes symptoms
Blurred vision ... Increase infections ... Increased infections ... Lo…
48 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Digestive System Vocabulary
ingestion
digestion
propulsion
peristalsis
the selective intake of food
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usa…
the movement of food along the digestive tract
involuntary contractions
ingestion
the selective intake of food
digestion
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usa…
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Obesity supplements
Ephedra Alkaloids
Bitter orange
Guarana and cola nut
Willow bark
Banned due to serious adverse events
May cause HTN, CV toxicity, MI, stroke, seizure... Stimulants, E…
Sources of caffeine... Stimulants, Energy Boosters, Thermogenics
Stimulants, Energy Boosters, Thermogenics
Ephedra Alkaloids
Banned due to serious adverse events
Bitter orange
May cause HTN, CV toxicity, MI, stroke, seizure... Stimulants, E…
20 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Cystic Fibrosis
CF is characterized by what 3 clincial…
4 body locations effected by CF
what is the main reason why CF causes…
what two areas/organs of body are pred…
1. increased mucus viscosity... 2. inc. sweat electrolytes *"sal…
1. bronchi... 2. small intestine... 3. pancreatic ducts... 4. bile ducts
abnormal mucus secretion leading to obstruction of ducts and…
respiratory tract... pancreas
CF is characterized by what 3 clincial…
1. increased mucus viscosity... 2. inc. sweat electrolytes *"sal…
4 body locations effected by CF
1. bronchi... 2. small intestine... 3. pancreatic ducts... 4. bile ducts
442 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Morehead: Semiology Combined (Via Eric - Edited)
Painful adenopathy due to pyogenic a…
Scrofula:... -Primary mycobacterial nod…
Epitrochlear adenopathy: (red streak…
Virchow's node: (aka LEFT supraclavi…
Painful adenopathy due to pyogenic a…
Scrofula:... -Primary mycobacterial nod…
69 termscreated on December 6, 2016
COTAC FINAL (renal, HTN & heme 13%)
pre-renal injury occurs?
what causes pre-renal injury (6)?
how do we Tx pre-renal injury?
what meds do we use to Tx pre-renal in…
prior to kidney damage (perfusion)
1) hypovolemia... 2) dehydration... 3) hemorrhage... 4) anything ↓ CO…
IV fluid challenge
1) CCBs... 2) dopamine → vasodilator... 3) diuretics
pre-renal injury occurs?
prior to kidney damage (perfusion)
what causes pre-renal injury (6)?
1) hypovolemia... 2) dehydration... 3) hemorrhage... 4) anything ↓ CO…
23 termscreated on December 6, 2016
what jenna said was on the practical
stimulus and target organ of estrogen
stimulus and target organ of parathyro…
stimulus and target organ of thyroid s…
stimulus and target organ of thymosin
stimulus: an increase in GnRH in hypothalamus stims ant pit t…
stimulus: low levels of calcium... target organ: osteoclast acti…
stimulus: decreased thyroid hormone - TRH secretion from hypo…
stimulus: puberty???... target organ: white blood cells
stimulus and target organ of estrogen
stimulus: an increase in GnRH in hypothalamus stims ant pit t…
stimulus and target organ of parathyro…
stimulus: low levels of calcium... target organ: osteoclast acti…
15 termscreated on December 6, 2016
CH 7 FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCES
3 fluid compartments
Hydrostatic pressure
Osmotic pressure
Oncotic pressure
1. Intracellular fluid(ICF)... 2. Extracellular fluid (ECF)... 3. I…
-pushing force exerted by water in bloodstream ... source= the h…
pressure exerted by the solutes in solution ... -in bloodstream,…
force exerted specifically by albumin in bloodstream ... -total…
3 fluid compartments
1. Intracellular fluid(ICF)... 2. Extracellular fluid (ECF)... 3. I…
Hydrostatic pressure
-pushing force exerted by water in bloodstream ... source= the h…
15 termscreated on December 6, 2016
chapter 7
solubility
solution
colloid
suspension
"like dissolves like" A measure of how much solute can dissol…
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
solubility
"like dissolves like" A measure of how much solute can dissol…
solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
17 termscreated on December 6, 2016
chem chapter 9
concentration
molarity
molarity (M) =
electrolyte
the amount of solute dissolved in a given quantity of solvent…
the concentration of moles of solute in a liter if solution
moles of solute / volume of solution in liters
substance that dissociate into ions when dissolved into water…
concentration
the amount of solute dissolved in a given quantity of solvent…
molarity
the concentration of moles of solute in a liter if solution
30 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Chapter 12 Basics of chemistry
Organic
Contain carbon and hydrogen
Lack carbon
98
The branch of science that applies to substances that contain…
All haircolor products are organic chemicals, which means the…
A characteristic of all inorganic substances is that they ___…
There are _____ naturally occurring elements, each with its o…
Organic
The branch of science that applies to substances that contain…
Contain carbon and hydrogen
All haircolor products are organic chemicals, which means the…
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