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Study sets matching "electrons"

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Study sets matching "electrons"

12 terms
Electrons
Hund's Rule
isotopes
Plum pudding model
electron configuration
states that one electron must be in each orbital before you c…
atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons
atomic model that describes an atom as a cloud of positive ch…
the way in which the electrons are arranged around the nucleus
Hund's Rule
states that one electron must be in each orbital before you c…
isotopes
atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons
22 terms
Electrons
Electron
Ground State
Excited State
Pauli Exclusion Principle
A particle with a Negative Charge and it is the smallest suba…
The ground state is the lowest state of energy for a particle.
It is the higher energy level above the ground state. The par…
States where the particles in the same orbital have opposite…
Electron
A particle with a Negative Charge and it is the smallest suba…
Ground State
The ground state is the lowest state of energy for a particle.
18 terms
Electrons
Wavelength
Frequency
Energy
Electromagnetic Spectrem
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
Energy that is obtained by harnessing wave power.
The range of wavelengths/frequencies over electromagnetic rad…
Wavelength
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
Frequency
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
18 terms
Electrons
Wavelength
Frequency
Energy
Electromagnetic Spectrem
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
Energy that is obtained by harnessing wave power.
The range of wavelengths/frequencies over electromagnetic rad…
Wavelength
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
Frequency
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
22 terms
Electrons
Electron
Ground State
Excited State
Pauli Exclusion Principle
A particle with a Negative Charge and it is the smallest suba…
The ground state is the lowest state of energy for a particle.
It is the higher energy level above the ground state. The par…
States where the particles in the same orbital have opposite…
Electron
A particle with a Negative Charge and it is the smallest suba…
Ground State
The ground state is the lowest state of energy for a particle.
23 terms
Electrons
Wavelength
Frequency
Energy
Electromagnetic Spectree
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
Energy that is obtained by harnessing wave power.
The range of wavelengths/frequencies over electromagnetic rad…
Wavelength
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
Frequency
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
17 terms
Electrons
have _____ charge
found ____ the nucleus
have a ____ amount of _____ (quantized)
placed in ______ (levels) according to…
negative
outside
specific; energy
energy shells; energy
have _____ charge
negative
found ____ the nucleus
outside
10 terms
Electrons
isotopes
Plum pudding model
electron configuration
proton
atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons
atomic model that describes an atom as a cloud of positive ch…
the way in which the electrons are arranged around the nucleus
positively charged subatomic particles that are found in the…
isotopes
atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons
Plum pudding model
atomic model that describes an atom as a cloud of positive ch…
23 terms
Electrons
Wavelength
Frequency
Energy
Electromagnetic Spectree
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
Energy that is obtained by harnessing wave power.
The range of wavelengths/frequencies over electromagnetic rad…
Wavelength
The distance between the waves; in a sound wave or electromag…
Frequency
The number of occurrences event per unit time; In waves, the…
25 terms
Electrons
have _____ charge
found ____ the nucleus
do ____ orbit
have a ____ amount of _____ (quantized)
negative
outside
not
specific; energy
have _____ charge
negative
found ____ the nucleus
outside
24 terms
Electrons
Electron
Ground State
Excited State
Pauli Exclusion Principle
A particle with a Negative Charge and it is the smallest suba…
The ground state is the lowest state of energy for a particle.
It is the higher energy level above the ground state. The par…
States where the particle cannot occupy the same quantum stat…
Electron
A particle with a Negative Charge and it is the smallest suba…
Ground State
The ground state is the lowest state of energy for a particle.
40 terms
Electrons
Bohr's Model
An electron cannot exist.....
quantum of energy
Schrodinger Wave Equation
*Showed energy levels of an electron ... -like rungs on a ladder
between energy levels
*The amount of energy required to move an electron from one e…
*Equation for probability of a single electron being found al…
Bohr's Model
*Showed energy levels of an electron ... -like rungs on a ladder
An electron cannot exist.....
between energy levels
25 terms
Electrons
Light waves
Properties of waves
Amplitude
Wavelength
Properties of waves and properties of particles.... They are ele…
1. Amplitude 2. Wavelength 3. Frequency 4. Speed
The height of the wave measured from the origin of its crest…
The distance between successive crests of the wave. ... Distance…
Light waves
Properties of waves and properties of particles.... They are ele…
Properties of waves
1. Amplitude 2. Wavelength 3. Frequency 4. Speed
40 terms
Electrons
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principal
where are electrons more likely to be…
What did Bohr's model add to Rutherfor…
How is light created
Electrons are never really in an exact place. They have a pro…
Electrons have a higher probability of being found closer to…
Bohr added energy levels to the atom model. each energy level…
As e- moves between energy levels, light is emitted or absorbed
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principal
Electrons are never really in an exact place. They have a pro…
where are electrons more likely to be…
Electrons have a higher probability of being found closer to…
10 terms
Electronics
Resistor
Light Emitting Diode (LED)
Buzzer
Bulb
An electrical device that resists the flow of electrical curr…
A diode that will produce light when current flows through it.
An electric signaling device, such as a doorbell, that makes…
Produces light
Resistor
An electrical device that resists the flow of electrical curr…
Light Emitting Diode (LED)
A diode that will produce light when current flows through it.
9 terms
Electrons
Energy Level and Sublevel
orbital diagrams
Pauli Exclusion Principle
Aufbau Principle
P- Pauli Exclusion Principle... A- Aufbau Principle... H- Hund's Rule
can't have two ups or two downs
filters down to the lowest energy level
Energy Level and Sublevel
orbital diagrams
P- Pauli Exclusion Principle... A- Aufbau Principle... H- Hund's Rule
20 terms
Electrons
Energy level
Quantum
S
P
S... P... D... F
A quantum of energy is the amount of energy required to move…
1 orbital... 2 electrons
3 orbitals... 6 electrons
Energy level
S... P... D... F
Quantum
A quantum of energy is the amount of energy required to move…
34 terms
ELECTRONS
wavelength
electromagnetic radiation
how wavelength is measured
how wavelength is expressed
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior
from crest to crest or trough to trough
meters, centimeters, or nanometers
wavelength
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior
11 terms
Electrons
Electric Force
Electric Field
Static Electricity
Conservation of Charge
A reaction between two electrically charged objects
A range or place where if two electrically charged objects be…
An electricity which is in a static state
The fact that the electron charge can't be created or destroyed
Electric Force
A reaction between two electrically charged objects
Electric Field
A range or place where if two electrically charged objects be…
22 terms
Electrons
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
*Visible light- 400-700nm
distance from peak to peak (λ; in meters)
# of waves that pass in a second (V; in s^-1, 1/s, Hz)
height of peak
Electromagnetic Spectrum
*Visible light- 400-700nm
Wavelength
distance from peak to peak (λ; in meters)
24 terms
Electrons
Anion
Cation
Electron
Electronegativity
A negatively charged ion.
A positively charged ion.
A particle with a net charge of -1 and a mass of 1/1836 a.m.u…
An atom's attraction to electrons in a chemical bond. Used to…
Anion
A negatively charged ion.
Cation
A positively charged ion.
31 terms
Electrons
Principal quantum number
azimuthal quantum number (l)
shell (n)
magnetic quantum number (ml)
higher the shell (n) the higher the radius and energy ; max e…
subshell; four subshells (s=0,p=1,d=2,f=3)
the higher energy shell are lost when making ions
tells us orbital of subshell; possible values are +l,-l
Principal quantum number
higher the shell (n) the higher the radius and energy ; max e…
azimuthal quantum number (l)
subshell; four subshells (s=0,p=1,d=2,f=3)
8 terms
Electrons
energy level
valence electron
valence energy level
excited state
the path followed by electrons around the nucleus of an atom
an electron in the farthest energy level from the nucleus
the energy level that is farthest from the nucleus
an electron that has gained energy and moved to a higher ener…
energy level
the path followed by electrons around the nucleus of an atom
valence electron
an electron in the farthest energy level from the nucleus
8 terms
Electrons
energy level
valence electron
valence energy level
excited state
the path followed by electrons around the nucleus of an atom
an electron in the farthest energy level from the nucleus
the energy level that is farthest from the nucleus
an electron that has gained energy and moved to a higher ener…
energy level
the path followed by electrons around the nucleus of an atom
valence electron
an electron in the farthest energy level from the nucleus
26 terms
electrons
4
it helps locate the electron in the atom
a position where an electron probably…
point c (second furthest from nucleus)
how many quantum numbers are needed to describe the energy st…
all of the following describe Heinsenberg uncertainly princip…
according to the quantum theory point D in the figure represe…
according the bohr electrons can't reside at
4
how many quantum numbers are needed to describe the energy st…
it helps locate the electron in the atom
all of the following describe Heinsenberg uncertainly princip…
40 terms
Electrons
Electron shells
Principal quantum
Sub- shells
Sub- shell S
Fixed energies move around nucleus in certain regions of atom…
1)Each shell given number ... 2)Further shell from nucleus highe…
1)Shells divided into sub-shells... 2)s,p,d or f
1)No. orbital= 1... 2)Max electrons=2
Electron shells
Fixed energies move around nucleus in certain regions of atom…
Principal quantum
1)Each shell given number ... 2)Further shell from nucleus highe…
17 terms
Electrons!
ground state
excited state
quantum
atomic emission spectrum
electrons at their lowest energy level; most stable; close to…
electrons that are at a higher, less stable energy state; tem…
discreet or specific amount, like the distance between energy…
unique set of colored lines given off by an atom when excited
ground state
electrons at their lowest energy level; most stable; close to…
excited state
electrons that are at a higher, less stable energy state; tem…
8 terms
electrons
quantum mechanical model
principle quantum number
sublevel
orbital
based on probability of finding an electron in a certain area…
- describes electron's energy level... - the farther away the en…
- the max number of electrons on any energy level = 2n^2... - s,…
- the space occupied by 2 electrons
quantum mechanical model
based on probability of finding an electron in a certain area…
principle quantum number
- describes electron's energy level... - the farther away the en…
17 terms
Electrons
Rutherford Model
Coulombs Law
Bohr Model
Electrons moving to Lower (inner) Rings
a dense nucleus containing positive protons and neutral neutr…
the force between two charged particles, q₁ and q₂, is invers…
Rutherford's Model with fixed orbits/shells that electrons mu…
energy is released
Rutherford Model
a dense nucleus containing positive protons and neutral neutr…
Coulombs Law
the force between two charged particles, q₁ and q₂, is invers…
14 terms
Electrons
orbital
Electron Shells
ions
ionization energy
A region of space in each shell where an electron is likely t…
regions surrounding the nucleus which holds electrons... 1st=s,…
Atom or group of atoms(polyatomic) with a positive or negativ…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
orbital
A region of space in each shell where an electron is likely t…
Electron Shells
regions surrounding the nucleus which holds electrons... 1st=s,…
48 terms
Electrons
octet rule
shorter wavelength
longer wavelength
lambda
all elements want 8 valence electrons or a full shell
high frequency, highest energy
low frequency, low energy
octet rule
all elements want 8 valence electrons or a full shell
shorter wavelength
high frequency, highest energy
14 terms
Electrons
Neutrons
Atomic #
# protons
Democritus
Atomic mass-atomic number
Equals # protons
Equals # electrons
1st person to be given credit that atoms exist. Called them a…
Neutrons
Atomic mass-atomic number
Atomic #
Equals # protons
50 terms
Electrons
Bohr's Model
An electron cannot exist.....
quantum of energy
Schrodinger Wave Equation
*Showed energy levels of an electron ... -like rungs on a ladder
between energy levels
*The amount of energy required to move an electron from one e…
*Equation for probability of a single electron being found al…
Bohr's Model
*Showed energy levels of an electron ... -like rungs on a ladder
An electron cannot exist.....
between energy levels
27 terms
electrons
electrons
Photon
ground state
excited state
cause almost all chemical reactions (*always want to be in lo…
small discrete packets of light
electron in its lowest energy state
electron not in ground state, taking in energy
electrons
cause almost all chemical reactions (*always want to be in lo…
Photon
small discrete packets of light
13 terms
Electrons
13 E-M Spectrum
25 Excited State
6 Ground State
29 Hund's Rule
contains all the diff. forms of electromagnetic radiation tha…
a state in which an atom has a higher potential energy than i…
a state in which all the electrons in an atom have the lowest…
states that single electrons with the same spin must occupy e…
13 E-M Spectrum
contains all the diff. forms of electromagnetic radiation tha…
25 Excited State
a state in which an atom has a higher potential energy than i…
20 terms
Electrons
S sublevel
P sublevel
d sublevel
f sublevel
1 orbital. Filled in families (columns) 1 &2 on periodic table.
3 orbitals. Filledin families (columns) 111A to V111A.
5 orbitals. Filled in Transition metals.
7 orbitals. Inner- transitions metals
S sublevel
1 orbital. Filled in families (columns) 1 &2 on periodic table.
P sublevel
3 orbitals. Filledin families (columns) 111A to V111A.
10 terms
Electrons
what is the shorthanded electron confi…
what is the electron configuration of W
How many electrons can the third energ…
whats the rule for short hand
(Ne)3s2 3p6
(Xe) 6s2 5d1 4f3
18
the last noble gas is written in brackets then the rest of au…
what is the shorthanded electron confi…
(Ne)3s2 3p6
what is the electron configuration of W
(Xe) 6s2 5d1 4f3
49 terms
Electrons
isotopes
neutrons
radioactive
radiometric dating
different forms of an element
isotopes have different #s of _____
___ isotope is unstable and the nucleus decays
scientists measure the ratio of different isotopes + calculat…
isotopes
different forms of an element
neutrons
isotopes have different #s of _____
41 terms
Electrons
electromagnetic spectrum
frequency
units for frequency
symbol for freqency
form of radiation that exhibits wave like behavior as it trav…
the number of things (like waves) that pass a given point per…
Hertz or /s
v
electromagnetic spectrum
form of radiation that exhibits wave like behavior as it trav…
frequency
the number of things (like waves) that pass a given point per…
15 terms
Electrons
1._______ proposed that 2.__________ b…
If light could be both a particle and…
Planetary Model was made by 1.________…
Atom at lowest energy state
1. Einstein... 2. Light... 3. Wave... 4. Particle... 5. Photons
Energy
1. Neils Bohr... 2. Nucleus... 3. Energy
Grounded State
1._______ proposed that 2.__________ b…
1. Einstein... 2. Light... 3. Wave... 4. Particle... 5. Photons
If light could be both a particle and…
Energy
78 terms
Electronic
Current
Electromotive Force Or Voltage
Resistance
Electric Circut
The flow of free electrons from atom to atom
The force that pushes the electrons to flow in a particular d…
Anything that inhabits the flow of electrons
A path along which electrons flow
Current
The flow of free electrons from atom to atom
Electromotive Force Or Voltage
The force that pushes the electrons to flow in a particular d…
Electrons
Mean energy of electrons (R50)
Max electron energy range
D90=
D80=
2.33 MeV/cm
E/2cm
E/4cm
E/3cm
Mean energy of electrons (R50)
2.33 MeV/cm
Max electron energy range
E/2cm
39 terms
Electronics
Filament bulb symbol
Diode symbol
Buzzer symbol
Light Emitting Diode symbol
Filament bulb symbol
Diode symbol
10 terms
Electronics
electric shaver
TV
stereo
Cell phone
electric shaver
TV
17 terms
Electronics
circuit
open circuit
closed circuit
current
the pathway in which electricity flows
the pathway is broken someplace - electricity will not flow
the path is complete from one terminal all the way to the other
the flow of electricity
circuit
the pathway in which electricity flows
open circuit
the pathway is broken someplace - electricity will not flow
16 terms
Electronics
Battery
Conductor
Switch
Insulator
A source of electrical energy that is created by a chemical r…
Materials through which electrical current can ... flow.
A device that allows an electrical circuit to be opened ... or c…
A material that does not allow energy to flow through it
Battery
A source of electrical energy that is created by a chemical r…
Conductor
Materials through which electrical current can ... flow.
Electrons
Energy levels
Electron cloud
Orbital
Electron configuration
the fixed amount of energy that a system described by quantum…
the group of electrons revolving around the nucleus of an ato…
electron density that may be formed in an atom or molecule by…
arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule
Energy levels
the fixed amount of energy that a system described by quantum…
Electron cloud
the group of electrons revolving around the nucleus of an ato…
23 terms
Electrons
Aufbau Principle
Pauli Exclusion Principle
Hund's Rule
valence electrons
electron will occupy the lowest energy orbital available to it
in a given atom, no two electrons can have the same set of 4…
all orbitals having the same energy will each get one electro…
electrons in HOEL
Aufbau Principle
electron will occupy the lowest energy orbital available to it
Pauli Exclusion Principle
in a given atom, no two electrons can have the same set of 4…
17 terms
Electrons
Flame tests
Electron shells
Valence Shell
Valence Electrons
a compound is heated and the resulting color is noted, used t…
are the levels around the nucleus where electrons can be found.
the outermost electron shell in an atom
the electrons located in the outermost electron shell of an a…
Flame tests
a compound is heated and the resulting color is noted, used t…
Electron shells
are the levels around the nucleus where electrons can be found.
22 terms
Electrons
» form of energy because they are alwa…
wave (v)
wavelength (λ)
amplitude of a wave
electrons
a shape or pattern that the light energy takes
A length to distance measurement ... » In units of distance, a l…
how high (highest point - lowest point) in nanometers
» form of energy because they are alwa…
electrons
wave (v)
a shape or pattern that the light energy takes
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