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Study sets matching "elements atoms"

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Study sets matching "elements atoms"

11 terms
Atoms & Elements
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Proton
The study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and volume
Basic particle from which all elements are made , make up all…
small positively charged particle in the nucleus of a atom
Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
9 terms
Atoms/ Elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
7 terms
Atoms & Elements
atom
compound
electron
element
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
a pure substance made of two or more elements that are chemic…
a negatively charged particle that moves in the space around…
a substance that cannot be broken apart chemically into other…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
compound
a pure substance made of two or more elements that are chemic…
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
28 terms
Atoms & Elements
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Proton
the study of matter and how it changes
anything that has mass and volume
basic particle from which all elements are made, make up all…
small positively charged particle in the nucleus of the atom.
Chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
Atoms / elements
Matter
Atom
Protons
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge.
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
9 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Atomic number
Electron
Element
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a subatomic particle with a negative charge
a pure substance that cannot be broken down in simpler substa…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
Atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
11 terms
Atoms Elements
Atom
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
The smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
Positively charged particles located in the atoms nucleus (ha…
Negatively charged pArticles orbiting the nucleus of the atom…
The netural (no charge) particles located in the atoms nucleu…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
Protons
Positively charged particles located in the atoms nucleus (ha…
21 terms
Elements, Atoms
Atoms
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass (Weight)
Protons determine ______ and ______
Smallest particles that make up matter
Number of Protons
Mass of the nucleus (neutrons + protons)
Atomic number and chemical element
Atoms
Smallest particles that make up matter
Atomic Number
Number of Protons
21 terms
Atoms & Elements
atom
atomic number
chemical symbol
ductile
smallest part an element that can be identified as that element
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
shortened way of writing the name of an element
able to draw into thin wires
atom
smallest part an element that can be identified as that element
atomic number
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
9 terms
Atoms/Elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of an atom with a positive charge.
Particle found moving around the nucleus of an atom with a ne…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
18 terms
Atoms Elements
Element
Atom
Atomic number
Atomic weight
Pure substance, cannot be separated into other materials
Smallest piece of an element that retains element characteris…
Number of protons in an atom of an element
Number of protons plus neutrons in an element
Element
Pure substance, cannot be separated into other materials
Atom
Smallest piece of an element that retains element characteris…
103 terms
Atoms & Elements
John Dalton
John Dalton
John Dalton
John Dalton
Elements are made of tiny particles called atoms.
All atoms of a given element are identical.
The atoms of a given element are different from those of any…
Atoms of one element can combine with atoms of other elements…
John Dalton
Elements are made of tiny particles called atoms.
John Dalton
All atoms of a given element are identical.
26 terms
Atoms & Elements
atom
matter
element
electron shell
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
anything that takes up space and has volume
a pure substance/it is made of only one type of atom. All of…
a cloud around the nucleus of an atom in which the electrons…
atom
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
matter
anything that takes up space and has volume
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus with a negative charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
10 terms
ATOMS & ELEMENTS
empedocles
aristotle
democritus
alchemists
"all matter is made up of 4 elemental substances"
the elements are unchangable; transformation takes place most…
came up with the idea of the atom
transformation of ordinary elements to precious metals
empedocles
"all matter is made up of 4 elemental substances"
aristotle
the elements are unchangable; transformation takes place most…
24 terms
Elements/Atoms
Matter
Basic parts of an atom
protons
neutrons
is made up of very tiny particles. those article keep the sam…
proton, neutron, and electron
located in the nucleus; positive charge of 1
located in the nucleus; no charge
Matter
is made up of very tiny particles. those article keep the sam…
Basic parts of an atom
proton, neutron, and electron
20 terms
Atoms/Elements
Element
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Basic chemical substance made of all the same type of atom
Smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that e…
Substance of two or more atoms combined together
Substance made of two or more DIFFERENT atoms combined together
Element
Basic chemical substance made of all the same type of atom
Atom
Smallest unit of an element that has the properties of that e…
26 terms
Atoms & Elements
atom
matter
element
electron shell
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
anything that takes up space and has volume
a pure substance/it is made of only one type of atom. All of…
a cloud around the nucleus of an atom in which the electrons…
atom
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
matter
anything that takes up space and has volume
14 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Element
Proton
Neutron
The smallest unit of matter that retains the identity of the…
A basic substance that cannot be simplified or broken down in…
Subatomic particle with a positive charge and located in the…
Subatomic particle with no charge, the same mass as a proton,…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter that retains the identity of the…
Element
A basic substance that cannot be simplified or broken down in…
Atoms & Elements
Matter
Democritus
Early 1800's
Dalton't Atomic Reaction
is made of tiny particles that can't be divided
Greek philosopher who proposed idea of matter
scientist had begun to measure chemical reactions
all matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms
Matter
is made of tiny particles that can't be divided
Democritus
Greek philosopher who proposed idea of matter
10 terms
Elements & Atoms
mass
matter
atom
proton
In physics, the property of matter that measures its resistan…
physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spir…
the basic unit of a chemical element.atoms as a source of nuc…
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
mass
In physics, the property of matter that measures its resistan…
matter
physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spir…
27 terms
Atoms&Elements
Matter
Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Anything that takes up space
The study of matter and how it changes
Basic particle from which all elements are made, make up all…
Small positively charged particle inn the nucleus, doesn't ha…
Matter
Anything that takes up space
Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes
28 terms
Atoms & Elements
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Proton
The study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
basic particle from which all elements are made, make up matter
small positively charged particle in the nucleus of the atom
Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
14 terms
Atoms & Elements
Electron
Protons
Neutron
Isotopes
Negatively charged particle. Defines the oxidation state. In…
Identifies the type of atom. Roughly 2000 times heavier than…
About 2000 times heavier than an electron. Uncharged. 2 atoms…
Atoms with the same # of protons, but different # of neutrons.
Electron
Negatively charged particle. Defines the oxidation state. In…
Protons
Identifies the type of atom. Roughly 2000 times heavier than…
37 terms
Elements & atoms
Matter
Elements
Compound
Mixture
Anything that has matger and takes up space
Simplest pure substances can't be broken down into any other…
Pure substance made of 2 elements that are chemically combined
2 or more substances that are in the same place but aren't ch…
Matter
Anything that has matger and takes up space
Elements
Simplest pure substances can't be broken down into any other…
12 terms
Atoms/Elements
Nucleus
proton
nuetron
electron
The center of an atom... The neutrons and protons are in the nuc…
positive charge... located in nucleus
no charge... located in nucleus of an atom
negative charge... orbits the nucleus
Nucleus
The center of an atom... The neutrons and protons are in the nuc…
proton
positive charge... located in nucleus
6 terms
Elements/ atoms
Atomic #
Mass #
Atomic mass
Neutrons
how many protons & electrons
rounding of the atomic mass
protons + average # of neutrons
mass# - atomic #
Atomic #
how many protons & electrons
Mass #
rounding of the atomic mass
9 terms
Atoms / elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all mate the smallest piece of an eleme…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus or the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all mate the smallest piece of an eleme…
12 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Element
Metal
Neutron
A small piece of matter
A substance that can't be broken into smaller pieces
A substance that can be bent and can conduct electricity
A stable subatomic particle in an atom's nucleus with a neutr…
Atom
A small piece of matter
Element
A substance that can't be broken into smaller pieces
12 terms
Elements: Atoms
Protons (p+)
Neutron (n)
Electrons (e-)
Electron shells
Positive charge, relatively heavy, found in nucleus
Neutral - no charge, heaviest, found in nucleus
Negative charge, very light, spin around nucleus
Number of electrons fit in shell
Protons (p+)
Positive charge, relatively heavy, found in nucleus
Neutron (n)
Neutral - no charge, heaviest, found in nucleus
9 terms
Atoms/Elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of an atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
17 terms
Atoms & Elements
atoms
elements
isotopes
compounds
-smallest individual particles of matter... -fundamental buildin…
a collection or group of like but not identical atoms
atoms with the same number of protons & electrons but differe…
composed of the atoms of two or more elements
atoms
-smallest individual particles of matter... -fundamental buildin…
elements
a collection or group of like but not identical atoms
16 terms
Elements/Atoms
Atom
Element
Compounds
Nucleus
The smallest particle of an element. Building blocks of matte…
The simplest type of pure substance in which each atom contai…
1 or 2 atoms chemically combined.
The center of an atom. Contains positively charged protons an…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element. Building blocks of matte…
Element
The simplest type of pure substance in which each atom contai…
14 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
The change in state from a solid directly to a gas without pa…
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the out…
1. In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's…
Small, positively charged particles that are found in the nuc…
Atom
The change in state from a solid directly to a gas without pa…
Electron
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the out…
9 terms
Atoms/Elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electrons
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of an atom with neutral charge (no ch…
Particle found moving around the nucleus quod the atom with n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
18 terms
Atoms & Elements
matter
atom
proton
neutron
is anything that takes up space and has mass
are the building blocks of matter
positive
no charge
matter
is anything that takes up space and has mass
atom
are the building blocks of matter
16 terms
Atoms & Elements
What is matter
matter
element
atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass, for example a book…
Elements
A substance that cannot be broken apart into other substances…
The smallest piece of an element that still has properties of…
What is matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass, for example a book…
matter
Elements
27 terms
Atoms & Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
8 terms
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Protons
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The building block of all mater. The small piece of an elemen…
Particle in the nucleus of the ago with a positive charge.
Particle found around the nucleus other atom with a negative…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
The building block of all mater. The small piece of an elemen…
9 terms
Atoms/ Elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
8 terms
Atoms & Elements
Element
Atoms
Monotomic
Diatomic elements
A pure substance that cannot be broken into simpliar substanc…
Extremely small particles that are identical to elements.
Exist as individual atoms e.g metals.
They exist in small discrete groups of two.
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken into simpliar substanc…
Atoms
Extremely small particles that are identical to elements.
27 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Atomic Number
Atomic mass number
compound
The smallest basic unit of matter
The number of protons in an atom's nucleus
The number of proton and neutrons in an atom's nucleus
A substance that contains two or more different typs of atom…
Atom
The smallest basic unit of matter
Atomic Number
The number of protons in an atom's nucleus
28 terms
Atoms & Elements
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Proton
the study of matter and how it changes
anything that has mass and volume
basic particle from which all elements are made, make up all…
small positively charged particle in the nucleus of the atom
Chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
25 terms
Atoms & Elements
Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Atomic Mass Units
Average Atomic Mass
The elements in Group 1A of the periodic table, not including…
The elements in Group 2A of the periodic table
One twelfth the mass of a carbon -12 atom
The sum of the masses of its isotopes, each multiplied by its…
Alkali Metals
The elements in Group 1A of the periodic table, not including…
Alkaline Earth Metals
The elements in Group 2A of the periodic table
30 terms
Atoms/elements
Atom
Element
Subatomic particle
Electrons
the smallest unit of any given element
A fundamental material consisting of only one type of atom
protons, neutrons, electrons
And extremely small, negatively charged subatomic particles f…
Atom
the smallest unit of any given element
Element
A fundamental material consisting of only one type of atom
9 terms
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter the smallest piece of an ele…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter the smallest piece of an ele…
31 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
Small, solid objects that cannot be divided, created, or dest…
a particle with one negative charge
a small area in the center of the atom, most of an atom's mas…
an atomic particle that has one positive charge
Atom
Small, solid objects that cannot be divided, created, or dest…
Electron
a particle with one negative charge
8 terms
atoms/elements
atom
chemical
chemistry
proton
the smallest piece of matter that has the properties of an el…
anything consisting of matter
the study of matter and its properties
the positive subatomic particle of an atom
atom
the smallest piece of matter that has the properties of an el…
chemical
anything consisting of matter
22 terms
Atoms / Elements
Dmitri Mendeleeve
Henry Mosely
Groups / families (columns)
Periods (rows)
First to arrange/classify elements (according to their atomic…
Adjusted Mendeleeve's table so that elements were arranged by…
- Across (1-18)... - Have the same number of electrons in outer…
- Down (1-7)... - Elements within periods have the same number o…
Dmitri Mendeleeve
First to arrange/classify elements (according to their atomic…
Henry Mosely
Adjusted Mendeleeve's table so that elements were arranged by…
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