Study sets matching "elements atoms"

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Study sets matching "elements atoms"

31 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
Small, solid objects that cannot be divided, created, or dest…
a particle with one negative charge
a small area in the center of the atom, most of an atom's mas…
an atomic particle that has one positive charge
Atom
Small, solid objects that cannot be divided, created, or dest…
Electron
a particle with one negative charge
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
8 terms
atoms/elements
atom
chemical
chemistry
proton
the smallest piece of matter that has the properties of an el…
anything consisting of matter
the study of matter and its properties
the positive subatomic particle of an atom
atom
the smallest piece of matter that has the properties of an el…
chemical
anything consisting of matter
Atoms / elements
Matter
Atom
Protons
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge.
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
22 terms
Atoms / Elements
Dmitri Mendeleeve
Henry Mosely
Groups / families (columns)
Periods (rows)
First to arrange/classify elements (according to their atomic…
Adjusted Mendeleeve's table so that elements were arranged by…
- Across (1-18)... - Have the same number of electrons in outer…
- Down (1-7)... - Elements within periods have the same number o…
Dmitri Mendeleeve
First to arrange/classify elements (according to their atomic…
Henry Mosely
Adjusted Mendeleeve's table so that elements were arranged by…
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucles of an atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus of the atom with a n…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
9 terms
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece that rep…
Particle in the nucleus with a positive charge
Particle in the nucleus with a neutral charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece that rep…
Atoms & Elements
Period
Representative Elements
Alkali Metals
Alkali Earth Metals
Horizontal rows in tbe periodic table. ... Periods 1 to 7
S-Block & P-Block (1-3) (3-8)
Group 1A (S-Block)
Group 2A (S-Block)
Period
Horizontal rows in tbe periodic table. ... Periods 1 to 7
Representative Elements
S-Block & P-Block (1-3) (3-8)
9 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Atomic number
Electron
Element
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a subatomic particle with a negative charge
a pure substance that cannot be broken down in simpler substa…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
Atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
30 terms
Atoms and Elements
Law of conservation of Mass (Lavoisier)
Law of definate proportions (Proust)
Law of multiple proportions (Dalton)
All matter is composed of tiny particl…
Mass is neither destroyed nor created during ordinary chemica…
The fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
If two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
atoms
Law of conservation of Mass (Lavoisier)
Mass is neither destroyed nor created during ordinary chemica…
Law of definate proportions (Proust)
The fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
15 terms
Atoms & Elements
Nucleus (noun)
Neutron (noun)
Proton (noun)
Electron (noun)
Center of atom - made up of protons and neutrons.
Particle of an atom with a neutral charge.
Particle of atom with a positive charge.
Particle of atom with negative charge that revolves around th…
Nucleus (noun)
Center of atom - made up of protons and neutrons.
Neutron (noun)
Particle of an atom with a neutral charge.
9 terms
Atoms/Elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of an atom with a positive charge.
Particle found moving around the nucleus of an atom with a ne…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
26 terms
Atoms & Elements
atom
matter
element
electron shell
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
anything that takes up space and has volume
a pure substance/it is made of only one type of atom. All of…
a cloud around the nucleus of an atom in which the electrons…
atom
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
matter
anything that takes up space and has volume
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
Particle in the nucleus of the atom with a positive charge
Particle found moving around the nucleus with a negative charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The building block of all matter. The smallest piece of an el…
26 terms
Atoms & Elements
atom
matter
element
electron shell
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
anything that takes up space and has volume
a pure substance/it is made of only one type of atom. All of…
a cloud around the nucleus of an atom in which the electrons…
atom
building blocks of matter/the smallest unit of an element tha…
matter
anything that takes up space and has volume
8 terms
Atoms/elements
Electron cloud
Orbital
Electron configuration
Ground state
A visual model of the most likely locations for the electrons…
A region of space around the nucleus where an electron is lik…
The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom
A state in which all the electrons in an atom have the lowest…
Electron cloud
A visual model of the most likely locations for the electrons…
Orbital
A region of space around the nucleus where an electron is lik…
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Element
Proton
Neutron
The smallest unit of matter that retains the identity of the…
A basic substance that cannot be simplified or broken down in…
Subatomic particle with a positive charge and located in the…
Subatomic particle with no charge, the same mass as a proton,…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter that retains the identity of the…
Element
A basic substance that cannot be simplified or broken down in…
Atoms & Elements
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Neutron
Electron
a particle smaller than an atom or a cluster of such particles
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
Subatomic Particles
a particle smaller than an atom or a cluster of such particles
Proton
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
Atoms & Elements
Matter
Democritus
Early 1800's
Dalton't Atomic Reaction
is made of tiny particles that can't be divided
Greek philosopher who proposed idea of matter
scientist had begun to measure chemical reactions
all matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms
Matter
is made of tiny particles that can't be divided
Democritus
Greek philosopher who proposed idea of matter
28 terms
Year 10 Atoms and Elements
Electron
Proton
ion
atomic number
the tiny negatively charged sub-atomic particle of an atom.
located in the nucleus of an atom, this sub-atomic particle h…
a charged atom that has a positive or negative overall charge…
the number of protons on an atom.
Electron
the tiny negatively charged sub-atomic particle of an atom.
Proton
located in the nucleus of an atom, this sub-atomic particle h…
12 terms
Atoms/Elements
Nucleus
proton
nuetron
electron
The center of an atom... The neutrons and protons are in the nuc…
positive charge... located in nucleus
no charge... located in nucleus of an atom
negative charge... orbits the nucleus
Nucleus
The center of an atom... The neutrons and protons are in the nuc…
proton
positive charge... located in nucleus
Atoms & Elements
Electron
Protons
Neutron
Isotopes
Negatively charged particle. Defines the oxidation state. In…
Identifies the type of atom. Roughly 2000 times heavier than…
About 2000 times heavier than an electron. Uncharged. 2 atoms…
Atoms with the same # of protons, but different # of neutrons.
Electron
Negatively charged particle. Defines the oxidation state. In…
Protons
Identifies the type of atom. Roughly 2000 times heavier than…
12 terms
Atoms & Elements
Atom
Element
Metal
Neutron
A small piece of matter
A substance that can't be broken into smaller pieces
A substance that can be bent and can conduct electricity
A stable subatomic particle in an atom's nucleus with a neutr…
Atom
A small piece of matter
Element
A substance that can't be broken into smaller pieces
17 terms
Atoms & Elements
atoms
elements
isotopes
compounds
-smallest individual particles of matter... -fundamental buildin…
a collection or group of like but not identical atoms
atoms with the same number of protons & electrons but differe…
composed of the atoms of two or more elements
atoms
-smallest individual particles of matter... -fundamental buildin…
elements
a collection or group of like but not identical atoms
Elements/Atoms
Atom
Element
Compounds
Nucleus
The smallest particle of an element. Building blocks of matte…
The simplest type of pure substance in which each atom contai…
1 or 2 atoms chemically combined.
The center of an atom. Contains positively charged protons an…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element. Building blocks of matte…
Element
The simplest type of pure substance in which each atom contai…
35 terms
Atoms and Elements
Democritus
Aristotle
JJThomson
electron
ancient Greek philosopher, believed matter was made of small…
thought all matter was made of fire, water, air, earth
discovered electrons using a cathode ray tube
particle with a negative charge
Democritus
ancient Greek philosopher, believed matter was made of small…
Aristotle
thought all matter was made of fire, water, air, earth
Atoms & Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
Atoms and Elements
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atomic Number
particles with a positive charge, found inside the nucleus
particles with no charge, found inside the nucleus
particles with a negative charge, found outside the nucleus
number of protons in an atom
Protons
particles with a positive charge, found inside the nucleus
Neutrons
particles with no charge, found inside the nucleus
16 terms
Atoms & Elements
What is matter
matter
element
atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass, for example a book…
Elements
A substance that cannot be broken apart into other substances…
The smallest piece of an element that still has properties of…
What is matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass, for example a book…
matter
Elements
21 terms
Atoms and elements
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
nucleus
energy levels
bonds formed between metals and nonmetals
bonds formed between nonmetals and nonmetals
composition of atom containing protons and neutrons
in atoms place where electrons are found surrounding the nucl…
ionic bonds
bonds formed between metals and nonmetals
covalent bonds
bonds formed between nonmetals and nonmetals
19 terms
Atoms and Elements
element
atom
subatomic particle
nucleus
a basic substance that cannot be broken down any farther and…
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
a particle smaller than an atom that has a particular charge…
center of the atom, contains protons and neutrons
element
a basic substance that cannot be broken down any farther and…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
15 terms
Atoms and ElementsB Matticks
Positively charged subatomic particle…
Neutral subatomic particle located in…
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Atoms with the same atomic number.
Proton
Neutron
Matter
Element
Positively charged subatomic particle…
Proton
Neutral subatomic particle located in…
Neutron
Atoms/elements
Matter
Atom
Proton
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Tune building block if all matter
Particle found moving around the nucleuse
Particle moving around nucleus
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Tune building block if all matter
19 terms
atoms/elements
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen
atoms
nucleus, protons, neutrons, electrons
center, protons, neutrons
most common elements in living organisms
elements made of
atomic structure
nucleus is the _____ of atom, and is made of _____ & _______
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen
most common elements in living organisms
atoms
elements made of
14 terms
Atoms and Elements
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Atoms
Tightly packed... Definite shape... Definite mass... Definite volume... L…
Loosely packed... Not definite shape... Definite mass... Definite volu…
Not packed... Not definite shape... Definite mass... Not definite volu…
Tiny particles that make up matter.
Solid
Tightly packed... Definite shape... Definite mass... Definite volume... L…
Liquid
Loosely packed... Not definite shape... Definite mass... Definite volu…
9 terms
Atoms and Elements
nucleus
proton
neutron
electron
the very tiny center of an atom
a subatomic particle with a positive charge
a subatomic particle with no charge
a subatomic particle with a negative charge
nucleus
the very tiny center of an atom
proton
a subatomic particle with a positive charge
7 terms
Atoms and Elements
elements
atom
nucleus
proton
pure substances that are the building blocks of matter
the smallest bit of an element there can be
the center of an atom
a particle in the nucleus of an atom that has a positive charge
elements
pure substances that are the building blocks of matter
atom
the smallest bit of an element there can be
5 terms
Atoms and Elements
Atoms
Element
Molecule
Compound
The smallest part of an element (that can still be recognised…
A substance made up of only one type of atom.
Two or more atoms bonded (joined) together.
A substance made when two or more different elements are bond…
Atoms
The smallest part of an element (that can still be recognised…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom.
63 terms
Atoms & Elements
Four points to the atomic theory
Four scientists and what they did to c…
Subatomic Particles their charge, loca…
How does the periodic table order elem…
1. All matter is made up of small particles called atoms ... 2.…
John Dalton- Created the Atomic Theory (1800s)... J.J Thomson- D…
Protons- Location: Nucleus Charge: +1 Mass: 18.36... Nutrons- Lo…
By increasing atomic number
Four points to the atomic theory
1. All matter is made up of small particles called atoms ... 2.…
Four scientists and what they did to c…
John Dalton- Created the Atomic Theory (1800s)... J.J Thomson- D…
Atoms and elements
What are the vertical columns in the p…
What are the horizontal rows in the pe…
Which groups in the periodic table are…
What properties do group 0 have?
Groups
Periods
1,2 and 7
They are noble gases so they are extremely un-reactive. They…
What are the vertical columns in the p…
Groups
What are the horizontal rows in the pe…
Periods
57 terms
Atoms & Elements
Matter
Chemistry
atom
Subatomic particles
Is defined as anything that has mass and occupies space ... Exis…
Is the study of matter and its interactions
Is defined as the smallest unit of matter that still retains…
They compose atoms ... Protons electrons neutrons
Matter
Is defined as anything that has mass and occupies space ... Exis…
Chemistry
Is the study of matter and its interactions
64 terms
Atoms & Elements
Definition of an element:
What are the building blocks of matter?
What is the definition of Chemistry?
What are the 3 major elements in the b…
pure substances that cannot be separated into different subst…
Elements
the study of matter and how it changes
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen
Definition of an element:
pure substances that cannot be separated into different subst…
What are the building blocks of matter?
Elements
11 terms
Atoms and Elements
Element
Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Matter made up of one type of atom
Anything that has mass and volume
Basic partial from witch all elements are made, make up all m…
small positively charged partial in the nucleus of the atom
Element
Matter made up of one type of atom
Chemistry
Anything that has mass and volume
10 terms
Atoms and Elements
atom
molecule
proton
neutron
Smallest particle of an element
More than 1 atom chemically bonded together
Positive charged particle
Neutral or no charge particle
atom
Smallest particle of an element
molecule
More than 1 atom chemically bonded together
10 terms
Elements and Atoms
Matter
Proton
Neutron
Electron
anything that has mass and takes up space
positive charge in the nucleus
neutrally charged particle in the nucleus
negatively charged particle outside the nucleus
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Proton
positive charge in the nucleus
Atoms & Elements
Atoms
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
The smallest unit of a pure substance that still has the prop…
The center of an atom
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atoms
The smallest unit of a pure substance that still has the prop…
Nucleus
The center of an atom
28 terms
Atoms and Elements
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Proton
the study of matter and how it changes
anything that has mass and volume
basic particle from which all elements are made, make up all…
small positively charged particle in the nucleus of the atom
Chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
27 terms
Atoms and Elements
Mole/ Avogadro's number
Atom
Protons
Neutrons
6.023 × 10 23, one mole of H=1 gram
The smallest particle of an element
Positive charge, in nucleus, amount is atomic #, mas is 1 amu
No charge, in nucleus, amount is atomic weight - atomic numbe…
Mole/ Avogadro's number
6.023 × 10 23, one mole of H=1 gram
Atom
The smallest particle of an element
Atoms and Elements
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
Electrons
Smallest particles of matters that cannot be broken down any…
Contains protons and neutron. Positively charged.
Every element has a different number of protons.... The number o…
An atom has the same number of protons and electrons. Negativ…
Atoms
Smallest particles of matters that cannot be broken down any…
Nucleus
Contains protons and neutron. Positively charged.
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