Study sets matching "emt basic patient assessment"

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Study sets matching "emt basic patient assessment"

86 terms
EMT: Patient Assessment
AIRWAY:... A patient who isn't breathing…
AIRWAY:... When you do CPR, the patient g…
The initial CPR has caused some gastri…
O2 tank @ 1500 psi & pt needs 16L/min.…
a. not likely; damage can occur as soon as 4 mins w/ brain de…
b. 0.16
Cricoid pressure/sellick maneuver
(1500-200)*16/15=13.86 mins
AIRWAY:... A patient who isn't breathing…
a. not likely; damage can occur as soon as 4 mins w/ brain de…
AIRWAY:... When you do CPR, the patient g…
b. 0.16
EMT Patient Assessment
S in SAMPLE
A in SAMPLE
M in SAMPLE
P in SAMPLE
Signs and Symptoms
Allergies
Medication
Pertinent Past Medical History
S in SAMPLE
Signs and Symptoms
A in SAMPLE
Allergies
37 terms
EMT-Basic Exam Study Guide Pg.63 Patient Assessment
What is the number one thing to check…
Trauma patients
What are the five components of patien…
What is some general information to ta…
Scene safety.
Trauma patients demand more primary and secondary assessment…
-Scene size up... -Primary assessment... -Patient history... -Secondar…
-Biological Sex... -Race... -Estimated weight... -Age... -Chief complaint…
What is the number one thing to check…
Scene safety.
Trauma patients
Trauma patients demand more primary and secondary assessment…
36 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
Auscultate
Bradycardia
Crepitus
Cyanosis
to listen to sounds withing an organ with a stethoscope
A slow heart rate, less than 60 beats
A grinding sensation caused by fractured bone endsor joint ru…
A bluish gray skin color that is raised by a reduced level of…
Auscultate
to listen to sounds withing an organ with a stethoscope
Bradycardia
A slow heart rate, less than 60 beats
EMT Human Body & Patient Assessment
Left Ventricle
Pulmonary Artery
Aorta
autonomic
Pumps blood to the body
only artery that carries deoxygenated blood
Largest Artery, carries blood from left ventricle to the body
division of nervous system that branches into sympathetic & p…
Left Ventricle
Pumps blood to the body
Pulmonary Artery
only artery that carries deoxygenated blood
77 terms
Emt Patient assessment
Symptom
Sign
Scene size-up(medical)
Blunt trauma
is a subjective condition that the patient feels and tells yo…
is an OBJECTIVE condition that you can observe.
Is my scene safe ... Determine NOI... Is this my only patient... Addit…
Force of the injury occurs over a broad area, and the skin is…
Symptom
is a subjective condition that the patient feels and tells yo…
Sign
is an OBJECTIVE condition that you can observe.
228 terms
EMT PATIENT ASSESSMENT TEST
Steps of scene size-up
Glasgow coma scale
Hazards you may encounter when ensurin…
What should you do when you observe an…
- Ensure scene safety... - Determine mechanism of injury or natu…
- Environmental hazards... - Physical hazards (sharp metal, brok…
Place you or your partner between the patient and the object…
Steps of scene size-up
- Ensure scene safety... - Determine mechanism of injury or natu…
Glasgow coma scale
38 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
SAMPLE
OPQRST
DCAP-BTLS
Baseline Vitals
Signs/Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Patient history, Last…
Onset, Provocation, Quality, Radiation/reoccurance, Severity,…
Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures, Burns, Tendern…
Breathing, Pulse, Skin, Pupils, BP, Pulse Ox
SAMPLE
Signs/Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Patient history, Last…
OPQRST
Onset, Provocation, Quality, Radiation/reoccurance, Severity,…
32 terms
EMT 106 - Patient Assessments
SAMPLE
OPQRST
Signs/Symptoms
Allergies
Signs/symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Past history, Last or…
Onset, Provocation, Quality, Radiation, Severity, Time (for P…
What the injury or illness may be and what the patient is fee…
Medications, food, environmental factors that potentially cau…
SAMPLE
Signs/symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Past history, Last or…
OPQRST
Onset, Provocation, Quality, Radiation, Severity, Time (for P…
96 terms
EMT Chap 8 Patient Assessment
Scene size up
general impression
consciousness
airway
___ ___ ___ is the first step in patient assessment
In primary assessment, after scene size up you must form a __…
In primary assessment you must first assess the level of ____
In primary assessment after assessing level of consciousness…
Scene size up
___ ___ ___ is the first step in patient assessment
general impression
In primary assessment, after scene size up you must form a __…
EMT Patient Assessment
What is the order of the patient asses…
Describe your BSI.
Describe the Scene Size UP
Describe the Primary Assessment.
1. BSI ... 2. Scene SizeUp... 3. Primary Assessment... 4. History taki…
Body Substance Isolation.... This means don't trade fluids or an…
evaluate a scene for potential hazards, determine by the numb…
Forming a general impression, determining responsiveness, ass…
What is the order of the patient asses…
1. BSI ... 2. Scene SizeUp... 3. Primary Assessment... 4. History taki…
Describe your BSI.
Body Substance Isolation.... This means don't trade fluids or an…
86 terms
EMT: Patient Assessment
AIRWAY:... A patient who isn't breathing…
AIRWAY:... When you do CPR, the patient g…
The initial CPR has caused some gastri…
O2 tank @ 1500 psi & pt needs 16L/min.…
a. not likely; damage can occur as soon as 4 mins w/ brain de…
b. 0.16
Cricoid pressure/sellick maneuver
(1500-200)*16/15=13.86 mins
AIRWAY:... A patient who isn't breathing…
a. not likely; damage can occur as soon as 4 mins w/ brain de…
AIRWAY:... When you do CPR, the patient g…
b. 0.16
9 terms
EMT Medical Patient Assessment
FIRST STEP
Scene Size up
Initial assessment
Assessing airway and breathing
BSI!!
1. Determines the scene is safe... 2. Determines mechanism of in…
1. Verbalizes general impression of patient... 2. Determines res…
Assessment, indicates appropriate oxygen therapy (shallow bre…
FIRST STEP
BSI!!
Scene Size up
1. Determines the scene is safe... 2. Determines mechanism of in…
71 terms
EMT CH 8 - Patient Assessment
accessory muscles
Auscultate
AVPU scale
blood pressure
The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck m…
To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
A method of assessing the level of consciousness by determini…
The pressure of circulating blood against the walls of the ar…
accessory muscles
The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck m…
Auscultate
To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
33 terms
EMT-Assessment of the Trauma Patient
Focused History and Physical Exam
DCAP-BTLS
Chief Complaint
Deformities
The step of patient assessment that follows initial assessmen…
Deformities, contusions, abrasions, Puncture/penetrations, bu…
Why did patient call EMS
Parts of the body that no longer have the normal shape
Focused History and Physical Exam
The step of patient assessment that follows initial assessmen…
DCAP-BTLS
Deformities, contusions, abrasions, Puncture/penetrations, bu…
40 terms
EMT - Patient Assessment
Scene Size-Up
MOI stands for
General Impression
A V P U
Process of surveying the scene of an emergency
Mechanism of Injury
the way you interpret the safety of your surroundings and the…
Alert; Verbal; Painful; Unresponsive... (Four types of mental st…
Scene Size-Up
Process of surveying the scene of an emergency
MOI stands for
Mechanism of Injury
EMT Patient Assessment
1st Step of the Patient Assessment
1st Step of the Scene Size-up
2nd Step of the Scene Size-up
3rd Step of the Scene Size-up
Scene Size-up
Ensure scene safety
Determine mechanism of injury (MOI)/nature of illness (NOI)
Take standard precautions
1st Step of the Patient Assessment
Scene Size-up
1st Step of the Scene Size-up
Ensure scene safety
6 terms
EMT, Patient Assessment
Scene Size-up
Initial Assessment
Focused History and Physical Assessment
OPQRST
-determining scene safety, ... -taking BSI precautions,... -noting…
-The process used to identify and treat life-threatening prob…
-OPQRS, assess medical patients... complaints and signs and symp…
A mnemonic used to evaluate a patient's chief complaint and s…
Scene Size-up
-determining scene safety, ... -taking BSI precautions,... -noting…
Initial Assessment
-The process used to identify and treat life-threatening prob…
14 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
Arrive @ Scene
Scene Size Up
Walk up to your patient
LOC (Level of Consciousness)
PPE
Scene Safety... MOI/NOI... # of Patients... Additional Resources
General impression... Life threats
AVPU, spine
Arrive @ Scene
PPE
Scene Size Up
Scene Safety... MOI/NOI... # of Patients... Additional Resources
36 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
Auscultate
Bradycardia
Crepitus
Cyanosis
to listen to sounds withing an organ with a stethoscope
A slow heart rate, less than 60 beats
A grinding sensation caused by fractured bone endsor joint ru…
A bluish gray skin color that is raised by a reduced level of…
Auscultate
to listen to sounds withing an organ with a stethoscope
Bradycardia
A slow heart rate, less than 60 beats
35 terms
Patient assessment EMT
SAMPLE
OPQRST
DCAPBTLS
Very first thing in patient assessment…
Signes/symptoms... Allergies... Medication... Past medical... Last oral i…
Onset... Provocation... Quality... Radiation... Severity... Timing
Deformity ... Contusions... Abrasions... Punctures... Burns... Tenderness... La…
BSI (body substance isolation)
SAMPLE
Signes/symptoms... Allergies... Medication... Past medical... Last oral i…
OPQRST
Onset... Provocation... Quality... Radiation... Severity... Timing
71 terms
EMT AAOS 08 - patient assessment
accessory muscles
auscultate
AVPU scale
blood pressure
The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck m…
To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
A method of assessing the level of consciousness by determini…
The pressure of circulating blood against the walls of the ar…
accessory muscles
The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck m…
auscultate
To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
14 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
What is the order of the patient asses…
Describe your BSI.
Describe the Scene Size UP
Describe the Primary Assessment.
1. BSI ... 2. Scene SizeUp... 3. Primary Assessment... 4. History taki…
Body Substance Isolation.... This means don't trade fluids or an…
evaluate a scene for potential hazards, determine by the numb…
Forming a general impression, determining responsiveness, ass…
What is the order of the patient asses…
1. BSI ... 2. Scene SizeUp... 3. Primary Assessment... 4. History taki…
Describe your BSI.
Body Substance Isolation.... This means don't trade fluids or an…
35 terms
EMT patient assessment & patient care
INADEQUATE BREATHING... signs and symptoms
INADEQUATE BREATHING... Patient care
BREATHING DIFFICULTY... Patient assessmen…
BREATHING DIFFICULTY... signs and symptoms
1. the rate - slow breaths or rapid breaths may not be allowi…
1. PFM - pocket face mask with supplemental oxygen... 2. 2-rescu…
1. Onset - when did it begin?... 2. Provocation - what were you…
1. altered mental status including restlessness, anxiety, or…
INADEQUATE BREATHING... signs and symptoms
1. the rate - slow breaths or rapid breaths may not be allowi…
INADEQUATE BREATHING... Patient care
1. PFM - pocket face mask with supplemental oxygen... 2. 2-rescu…
EMT Patient Assessment Trauma
BSI, Scene Size up
Primary Survey/Resuscitation
History Taking
Secondary Assessment
Scene safe,MNOP
General Impression,AVPU,C/C Life threats.... Airway: open & asse…
Attempt to obtain SAMPLE history.
Head: inspect & palpate scalp & ears, assess eyes, inspect mo…
BSI, Scene Size up
Scene safe,MNOP
Primary Survey/Resuscitation
General Impression,AVPU,C/C Life threats.... Airway: open & asse…
EMT Acronyms: Patient Assessment
BSI
S.S
M.O.I
N.O.I
Body Substance Isolation
Scene Safe
Mechanism of Injury (trauma)
Nature of Illness (medical)
BSI
Body Substance Isolation
S.S
Scene Safe
EMT - Assessing the patient
5 Components of Assessment
1) BSI (Body substance isolation) / Sc…
2) Primary assessment
APVU
1) BSI / Scene size up... 2) Primary assessment... 3) Take history…
Scene safety; mechanism of injury / Nature of illness; Big tr…
General impression; Sick or not sick?; Age?; Sex?; Chief comp…
Alertness... Verbal response ... Pain response... Unresponsive
5 Components of Assessment
1) BSI / Scene size up... 2) Primary assessment... 3) Take history…
1) BSI (Body substance isolation) / Sc…
Scene safety; mechanism of injury / Nature of illness; Big tr…
EMT Patient Assessment Medical
Scene Size up
Primary Survey/Resuscitation
History Taking
Secondary Assessment
BSI,MNOP
general impression,AVPU,C/C Life threats. ... Airway & breathing…
History of present illness: Onset,Provocation,Quality,Radiati…
Assess affected body part/system:... Cardiovascular,Pulmonary,Ne…
Scene Size up
BSI,MNOP
Primary Survey/Resuscitation
general impression,AVPU,C/C Life threats. ... Airway & breathing…
6 terms
EMT - Trauma Patient Assessment
Scene Size-Up
Primary Assessment
Rapid Scan
Patient History and Baseline Vitals
Verbalize BSI... Scene Safety ... MOI or NOI... Number of Patients... Ver…
Impression of patient... Obtains consent... Determines LOC... Chief Co…
Rapid Scan... Respond to chief complaint... Verbalize priority of p…
Obtain SAMPLE... Pulse... Breathing... B/P... Baseline Vitals
Scene Size-Up
Verbalize BSI... Scene Safety ... MOI or NOI... Number of Patients... Ver…
Primary Assessment
Impression of patient... Obtains consent... Determines LOC... Chief Co…
10 terms
EMT 100: Patient Assessment
Patient Assessment
Cardiovascular
Pulmonary
Musculoskeletal
1) Scene Safe... 2) BSI... 3) MOI/NOI... 4) # pts... 5) Additional EMS?... 6…
GIVE O₂!!... CALL FOR ACLS: ECG, IV, Narcan, Nitro... 1) Mental St…
GIVE O₂!!... CALL FOR ACLS: Intubation, Narcan... 1) Mental status…
1) C-Spine... 2) Treat bleeding (dressing, tourniquet)... 3) DCAP-B…
Patient Assessment
1) Scene Safe... 2) BSI... 3) MOI/NOI... 4) # pts... 5) Additional EMS?... 6…
Cardiovascular
GIVE O₂!!... CALL FOR ACLS: ECG, IV, Narcan, Nitro... 1) Mental St…
EMT patient assessment
scene size up
when do you do PENMAN
primary assessment
when do you do ... GMC... ABCDET
a quick assessment of the scene and surroundings to provide i…
scene size up
step that identifies and initiates treatment of of immediate…
primary assessment
scene size up
a quick assessment of the scene and surroundings to provide i…
when do you do PENMAN
scene size up
EMT Patient Assessment
S.A.M.P.L.E.
O.P.Q.R.S.T.
Minimal amount of vital signs obtained…
What are "Battle Signs"?
Signs/Symptoms. Allergies. Medications. Past Medical History.…
Onset (when did this start/what they were doing?). Provocatio…
2 sets
Bruising behind the ears
S.A.M.P.L.E.
Signs/Symptoms. Allergies. Medications. Past Medical History.…
O.P.Q.R.S.T.
Onset (when did this start/what they were doing?). Provocatio…
19 terms
EMT Abbreviation (patient assessment)
PENMAN
GACABC... 123
SAMPLE
OPQRST
Precautions... Environment... Number of patients... MOI or NOI... Als/ ad…
General Impression (age, sex, stability)... AVPU - AOx3 (person,…
Signs and Symptoms (OPQRST)... Allergies... Medications... Pertinent H…
Onset... Provocation/ Palliation... Quality... Region/radiation/recurr…
PENMAN
Precautions... Environment... Number of patients... MOI or NOI... Als/ ad…
GACABC... 123
General Impression (age, sex, stability)... AVPU - AOx3 (person,…
10 terms
EMT - Patient Assessment Mnemonics
P... A... S... T... E
A... B... C... D
A+Ox4
A... V... P... U
Progression (better or worse)... Associated chest pain (which ca…
Airway... Breathing... Circulation... Decision to trasport
Alert and Oriented x4... 1)Person (What is your name?)... 2)Place (…
Alert... Verbal stimuli... Painful stimuli... Unresponsive
P... A... S... T... E
Progression (better or worse)... Associated chest pain (which ca…
A... B... C... D
Airway... Breathing... Circulation... Decision to trasport
81 terms
EMT Workbook: Patient Assessment
Chapter 10:
The scene size up is the first part of…
Which of the following is the most acc…
Which of the following is not an appro…
Scene Size Up
if there are any threats to your safety ... (secondly, threats…
It continues throughout the call
Attempting to park your vehicle downhill from the scene... (bec…
Chapter 10:
Scene Size Up
The scene size up is the first part of…
if there are any threats to your safety ... (secondly, threats…
9 terms
EMT Medical Patient Assessment
FIRST STEP
Scene Size up
Initial assessment
Assessing airway and breathing
BSI!!
1. Determines the scene is safe... 2. Determines mechanism of in…
1. Verbalizes general impression of patient... 2. Determines res…
Assessment, indicates appropriate oxygen therapy (shallow bre…
FIRST STEP
BSI!!
Scene Size up
1. Determines the scene is safe... 2. Determines mechanism of in…
13 terms
EMT Trauma Patient Assessment
FIRST STEP
Scene Size-Up
Initial Assessment
Assessing airway and breathing
BSI!!
1. Determines the scene is safe... 2. Determines mechanism of in…
1. Verbalizes general impression of patient (age, sex, race,…
Assessment, indicates appropriate oxygen therapy (depth, qual…
FIRST STEP
BSI!!
Scene Size-Up
1. Determines the scene is safe... 2. Determines mechanism of in…
67 terms
EMT Chapter 8 Patient assessment
What must the skin do in order to be c…
Where would you check the pulse on an…
normal infant pulse (1month to a year…
normal toddler pulse (1-3 years old) is
lay back down before 2 seconds (after pinching it)
on the brachial artery
100-160 bpm
90-150 bpm
What must the skin do in order to be c…
lay back down before 2 seconds (after pinching it)
Where would you check the pulse on an…
on the brachial artery
71 terms
EMT Chapter 8: Patient Assessment
accessory muscles
auscultate
AVPU scale
blood pressure
The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck m…
To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
A method of assessing the level of consciousness by determini…
The pressure of circulating blood against the walls of the ar…
accessory muscles
The secondary muscles of respiration. They include the neck m…
auscultate
To listen to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope.
10 terms
EMT-Basic Exam Study Guide Pg.81 Assessing Geriatric Patients
Who are the fastest growing group of p…
List changes in the respiratory system…
List changes in the cardiovascular sys…
List changes of the Musculoskeletal Sy…
People of the age of 65.
-Alveolar surfaces degenerate, so gas exchange is impaired.... -…
-Loss of heart muscle strength leads to diminished pumping ac…
-Loss of bone density due to osteoporosis.... -Progressive joint…
Who are the fastest growing group of p…
People of the age of 65.
List changes in the respiratory system…
-Alveolar surfaces degenerate, so gas exchange is impaired.... -…
Advanced EMT Patient Assessment
AIRWAY:... A patient who isn't breathing…
AIRWAY:... When you do CPR, the patient g…
The initial CPR has caused some gastri…
O2 tank @ 1500 psi & pt needs 16L/min.…
a. not likely; damage can occur as soon as 4 mins w/ brain de…
b. 0.16
Cricoid pressure/sellick maneuver
(1500-200)*16/15=13.86 mins
AIRWAY:... A patient who isn't breathing…
a. not likely; damage can occur as soon as 4 mins w/ brain de…
AIRWAY:... When you do CPR, the patient g…
b. 0.16
EMT Patient Assessment
S.A.M.P.L.E.
Signs & Symptoms
O.P.Q.R.S.T.
Onset
Signs & Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Pertinent Past Hist…
Obtain history of present illness i.e OPQRST
Onset, Provoked, Quality, Radiates, Region, Recurrence, Relie…
Did this occur gradually or suddenly?
S.A.M.P.L.E.
Signs & Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Pertinent Past Hist…
Signs & Symptoms
Obtain history of present illness i.e OPQRST
95 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
Patient Assessment is divided into fiv…
What order are they performed?
You are working a night shift on an am…
As you approach the scene of a motor v…
1) Scene Size up... 2) Primary Assessment ... 3) History taking ... 4)…
The order in which they are performed is dictated by the pati…
Park your ambulance several houses away and wait for the poli…
mechanism of injury
Patient Assessment is divided into fiv…
1) Scene Size up... 2) Primary Assessment ... 3) History taking ... 4)…
What order are they performed?
The order in which they are performed is dictated by the pati…
EMT Patient Assessment
1)
2)
3)
4)
BSI/Scene safety
MOI/NOI, # of Patients
Stabilization of Spine
Primary Survey
1)
BSI/Scene safety
2)
MOI/NOI, # of Patients
87 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
I (box)
I 1.
I 2.
I 3.
scene size up
BSI (body substance isolation)
scene safety
MOI/NOI (mechanism of injury/nature of illness)
I (box)
scene size up
I 1.
BSI (body substance isolation)
Patient Assessment (EMT)
Preperation
Scene size-up (critical decisions)
Primary Assessment (critical managemen…
Secondary Assessment. (Focused history…
BSI
Personnel/ patient safety ... Hazards ... # of pt... MOI/ NOI ~ reques…
60-90 sec... General impressions... Imminent life-threatening condi…
Head-to-toe exam- 60-90 sec... SAMPLE/ OPQRST... Vital signs- cardi…
Preperation
BSI
Scene size-up (critical decisions)
Personnel/ patient safety ... Hazards ... # of pt... MOI/ NOI ~ reques…
EMT Patient Assessment
OPQRST-I
SAMPLE
B-SMAC - First thing you do on a scene.
GACCAT - is your initial assessment
O. Onset- when did this start?... P. Provocation - what started…
S - Signs and Symptoms - chief complaint and pertinent findin…
BSI... Scene Safe?... Mechanism?... Additional Units?... C-spine?
General Impression?... AVPU?... CC/Life Threats?... ABC's (good Airway…
OPQRST-I
O. Onset- when did this start?... P. Provocation - what started…
SAMPLE
S - Signs and Symptoms - chief complaint and pertinent findin…
21 terms
EMT patient assessment
steps of scene size up
steps of initial assessment (primary)
what are apparent life threats
GCS score eye opening
-personal protection... -scene safety... -MOI or NOI... -number of pat…
-general impression of patient... -apparent life threats... -spinal…
-severe bleeding... -unresponsiveness... -inadequate breathing... -shock
spontaneous-4... to verbal stimuli-3... to pain-2... none-1
steps of scene size up
-personal protection... -scene safety... -MOI or NOI... -number of pat…
steps of initial assessment (primary)
-general impression of patient... -apparent life threats... -spinal…
EMT - Patient Assessment
Scene Size-Up
MOI stands for
General Impression
A V P U
Process of surveying the scene of an emergency
Mechanism of Injury
the way you interpret the safety of your surroundings and the…
Alert; Verbal; Painful; Unresponsive... (Four types of mental st…
Scene Size-Up
Process of surveying the scene of an emergency
MOI stands for
Mechanism of Injury
95 terms
EMT Patient Assessment
Patient Assessment is divided into fiv…
What order are they performed?
You are working a night shift on an am…
As you approach the scene of a motor v…
1) Scene Size up... 2) Primary Assessment ... 3) History taking ... 4)…
The order in which they are performed is dictated by the pati…
Park your ambulance several houses away and wait for the poli…
mechanism of injury
Patient Assessment is divided into fiv…
1) Scene Size up... 2) Primary Assessment ... 3) History taking ... 4)…
What order are they performed?
The order in which they are performed is dictated by the pati…
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