Study sets matching "endocrine disorders"

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Study sets matching "endocrine disorders"

11 terms
Disorders of Endocrine
Common disorders of endocrine system
Diabetes Mellitus
Types of diabetes mellitus
Acromegaly
Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, acromeg…
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is…
There are two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 and…
Abnormal growth of the hands, feet, and face, caused by overp…
Common disorders of endocrine system
Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, acromeg…
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is…
13 terms
endocrine disorders
ADDISONS
CRETINISM
CUSHINGS
DIABETES INSIPIDUS
Hyper pigmented skin, muscle weakness, weight loss, loss of a…
fetal/infant hyposecretion of thyroid hormones resulting in d…
Adrenal cortex hyper secretion marked by disturbed metabolism…
Insufficient ADH from post pituitary extremely large volumes…
ADDISONS
Hyper pigmented skin, muscle weakness, weight loss, loss of a…
CRETINISM
fetal/infant hyposecretion of thyroid hormones resulting in d…
Endocrine Disorders
vitiligo
Pre-diabetes
glucose intolerance
Impaired fasting glucose; imparied glu…
a skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melano…
stage between normal glucose homeostasis and diabetes mellitu…
inability to handle glucose properly
Three lab tests done to diagnosis pre-diabetes
vitiligo
a skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melano…
Pre-diabetes
stage between normal glucose homeostasis and diabetes mellitu…
41 terms
Endocrine Disorders
endocrine system
endocrine glands
Hormones
Q:Hormones are chemical messengers that?
-made up of ductless glands that produce and secrete hormones…
release hormones(regulate activities of specific organs) dire…
regulate:... -energy metabolism... -growth and development... -muscle…
Regulate body functions
endocrine system
-made up of ductless glands that produce and secrete hormones…
endocrine glands
release hormones(regulate activities of specific organs) dire…
47 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Main functions
Hormones
-secrete hormones directly into the blood... Pituitary gland... Adr…
-secrete hormones into a duct
1. differentiation of reproductive & CNS of developing fetus…
-chemical messengers ... -released from gland... -circulate in bloo…
Endocrine glands
-secrete hormones directly into the blood... Pituitary gland... Adr…
Exocrine glands
-secrete hormones into a duct
13 terms
Endocrine disorders
Hashimoto tyroiditis
Congenital hypothyroidism
Subacute thyroiditis (de Quervain)
Riedel thyroiditis
MCC of hypothyroidism in iodine-sufficient regions... AI disorde…
D/t maternal hypothyroidism, thyroid agenesis or dysgenesis,…
Self-limited hypothyroidism often following a flu-like illnes…
Thyroid replaced by fibrous tissue... Fibrosis may extend to air…
Hashimoto tyroiditis
MCC of hypothyroidism in iodine-sufficient regions... AI disorde…
Congenital hypothyroidism
D/t maternal hypothyroidism, thyroid agenesis or dysgenesis,…
30 terms
Endocrine disorders
acromegaly
addison disease
crushing syndrome
diabetes Insipidus
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gl…
increases cortisol levels would be found in patients, caused…
any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urinat…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
addison disease
is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gl…
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
Gigantism
Acromegaly
Dwarfism
Hyperthyroidism
Pituitary Gland/Growth Hormone/Hyper... Excessive tallness
Pituitary Gland/Growth Hormone/Hyper... Large hands and feet, ve…
Pituitary Gland/Growth Hormone/Hypo... small stature
Thyroid Gland/Thyroxine/Hyper... Nervous energy, can't maintain…
Gigantism
Pituitary Gland/Growth Hormone/Hyper... Excessive tallness
Acromegaly
Pituitary Gland/Growth Hormone/Hyper... Large hands and feet, ve…
11 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Cushing's Syndrome
Diabetes (3 types)
Addison's Disease
Hyperthyroidism/Grave's Disease
...
...
...
...
Cushing's Syndrome
...
Diabetes (3 types)
...
Endocrine Disorders
Gigantism hyper hgh
Acromegaly hyper hgh
Dwarfism hypo hgh
Simmonds Disease hypo hgh
Height
adults... Fat lips
children... Short
adults... Extreme weight loss
Gigantism hyper hgh
Height
Acromegaly hyper hgh
adults... Fat lips
12 terms
Endocrine disorders
diabetes mellitus
adult onset diabetes
Diabetes insipidus
Cushing's syndrome
Chronic metabolic disorder caused by insulin deficiency, whic…
too little insulin or cells resistant to it, increases in lat…
caused by insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone…
group of clinical features produces by EXCESS SECRETION of CO…
diabetes mellitus
Chronic metabolic disorder caused by insulin deficiency, whic…
adult onset diabetes
too little insulin or cells resistant to it, increases in lat…
50 terms
Endocrine disorders
A non functioning thyroid nodule will…
A "hot" thyroid nodule is one that has…
_______ thyroid nodules are unlikely t…
An autoimmune condition that results i…
Cold, less uptake of radioiodine or 99mTc pertechnetate
Increased
Hot
Graves' disease
A non functioning thyroid nodule will…
Cold, less uptake of radioiodine or 99mTc pertechnetate
A "hot" thyroid nodule is one that has…
Increased
62 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Hyperthyroidism
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Why do hyperthyroid pts have bulging e…
Why do hyperthyroid pts have enlarged…
"Thyrotoxicosis"; most common is Graves' disease
-intolerant to heat... -bulging eyes... -enlarged thyroid... -tachycar…
Exophthalmos; increased edema & fat behind the eye, pushing t…
Goiter; gland responds by increasing the number & size of gla…
Hyperthyroidism
"Thyrotoxicosis"; most common is Graves' disease
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
-intolerant to heat... -bulging eyes... -enlarged thyroid... -tachycar…
Endocrine disorders
what is the endocrine system?
What are the endocrine glands?
what other endocrine related organs ar…
what hormones do the stomach make? FYI
Collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate meta…
Hypothalamus ... Thyroid (TH)... Parathyroid (PTH)... Pituitary (multi…
skin... liver... kidneys
gastrin (stimulates production of HCL & pepsin)... somatostatin…
what is the endocrine system?
Collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate meta…
What are the endocrine glands?
Hypothalamus ... Thyroid (TH)... Parathyroid (PTH)... Pituitary (multi…
48 terms
Endocrine Disorders
acromegaly
Addison's disease
addisonian crisis
adrenalectomy
disease process resulting from excessive secretion of somatot…
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction…
acute adrenocortical insufficiency; characterized by acute hy…
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.
acromegaly
disease process resulting from excessive secretion of somatot…
Addison's disease
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction…
23 terms
Endocrine disorders
hypothyroidism
hyperthyriodism
s/sof hyperthyroidism
Graves disease
A condition of hyposecretion of the thyroid gland causing low…
A excessive secretion of thyriod hormones resulting from diff…
^ heart rate; ^circulating TH;... ^ metabolic rate ... Caddiac ou…
the most common form of hyperthyroidism; caused by an autoimm…
hypothyroidism
A condition of hyposecretion of the thyroid gland causing low…
hyperthyriodism
A excessive secretion of thyriod hormones resulting from diff…
50 terms
Endocrine Disorders
acromegaly
Addison's disease
addisonian crisis
adrenalectomy
disease process resulting from excessive secretion of somatot…
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction…
acute adrenocortical insufficiency; characterized by acute hy…
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.
acromegaly
disease process resulting from excessive secretion of somatot…
Addison's disease
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction…
10 terms
Endocrine disorders
acromegaly
Addison's disease
Cushing syndrome
diabetes insipidus
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gland…
long-term exposure to hypersecretion of cortisol levels by th…
any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urinat…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
Addison's disease
a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gland…
86 terms
Endocrine Disorders *
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Adenohypophysis
Neurohypophysis
Major regulator of homeostasis and integrating link between n…
Is composed of the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis.
CRH targets the corticotropic cells of the _____________ stim…
A down growth of the hypothalamic nervous tissue.
Hypothalamus
Major regulator of homeostasis and integrating link between n…
Pituitary Gland
Is composed of the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis.
54 terms
Endocrine disorders
anterior pituitary glands secrete
posterior pituitary glands secrete
acromegaly
appearance of acromegaly
GH, TSH, LH, FSH, ACTH, prolactin
oxytocin, ODH
overproduction of GH in an adult
enlargement of the cranium, bulging forehead, bulbous nose, t…
anterior pituitary glands secrete
GH, TSH, LH, FSH, ACTH, prolactin
posterior pituitary glands secrete
oxytocin, ODH
Endocrine disorders
Hyperthyroidism
Apathetic hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism
Diabetes mellitus
Affects cats in which the thyroid gland is overactive, produc…
10% of cats present with weight loss, anorexia, vomiting, and…
Disease that primarily affects dogs, although a rare congenit…
May result from insufficient production of insulin by pancrea…
Hyperthyroidism
Affects cats in which the thyroid gland is overactive, produc…
Apathetic hyperthyroidism
10% of cats present with weight loss, anorexia, vomiting, and…
20 terms
Endocrine disorders
chvostek's sign
dysphagia
endocrinologist
glycosuria
An indication of tetany in which a unilateral spasm of the or…
difficulty in swallowing.
a physician who specializes in endocrinology
abnormal presence of glucose in the urine
chvostek's sign
An indication of tetany in which a unilateral spasm of the or…
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing.
93 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Symptoms of syndrome of inappropriate…
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
Nursing interventions for Activity int…
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Fluid overload evidenced by weight gain, hyponatremia, low se…
Bradycardia; cold intolerance; lethargy; memory loss; dry ski…
Assist with activities of daily living (ADLs), allow rest bet…
Tachycardia; heat intolerance; fatigue; restlessness; tremor;…
Symptoms of syndrome of inappropriate…
Fluid overload evidenced by weight gain, hyponatremia, low se…
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
Bradycardia; cold intolerance; lethargy; memory loss; dry ski…
32 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Primary hypothyroidism
Central hypothyroidism
Primary hypothyroidism... Hashimoto's thy…
Hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis)
Patient Presents with... -Cold intolerance... -Bradycardia... -Loss of…
Patient Presents with... -Cold intolerance... -Bracycardia... -Loss of…
Painless presents with chronic ... -Painless, enlarged thyroid…
Patient presents with ... -Heat intolerance ... -Taychycardia, palp…
Primary hypothyroidism
Patient Presents with... -Cold intolerance... -Bradycardia... -Loss of…
Central hypothyroidism
Patient Presents with... -Cold intolerance... -Bracycardia... -Loss of…
Endocrine disorders
lethargic... slow reflexes... puffy features…
iodine deficiency
wide/flat nose... pot belly... protruding to…
painless hard thyroid... extensive fibrosis
hypothyroidism
hypothyroidism
neonatal hypothyroidism
Reidel's thyroiditis
lethargic... slow reflexes... puffy features…
hypothyroidism
iodine deficiency
hypothyroidism
Endocrine Disorders
Hirsutism
Type 1
Type 2
cushings disease
Body hair growth
insulin dependent, children, teens/young adults
non insulin dependent, obesity, fixed with diet, exercise and…
can result from tumor growing in pituitary gland MOON FACE an…
Hirsutism
Body hair growth
Type 1
insulin dependent, children, teens/young adults
8 terms
Endocrine disorders
Insufficient ADH
Excess ADH
Hypothyroidism s/s:
Hyperthyroidism s/s:
dx: Diabetes insipidus... s/s: Polyuria, polydipsia, dehydration…
dx: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone... s/s: Fluid…
Bradycardia, decreased cardiac output, cool... skin, cold intole…
Tachycardia, palpitations, increased cardiac output,... warm ski…
Insufficient ADH
dx: Diabetes insipidus... s/s: Polyuria, polydipsia, dehydration…
Excess ADH
dx: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone... s/s: Fluid…
47 terms
Endocrine Disorders
the endocrine system along with the ne…
hormones are controlled by a
hormones are important for
anterior pituitary hormones
homeostasis
negative feedback loop system
reproduction... fluid and electrolyte balance... host defenses... resp…
growth hormone [GH]... adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH]... thyroi…
the endocrine system along with the ne…
homeostasis
hormones are controlled by a
negative feedback loop system
30 terms
Endocrine disorders
acromegaly
addison disease
crushing syndrome
diabetes Insipidus
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gl…
increases cortisol levels would be found in patients, caused…
any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urinat…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
addison disease
is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gl…
12 terms
Endocrine disorders
Diabetes insipidus
Graves's disease
Diabetes mellitus
Acromegaly
Hyposecretion of ADH, causes insatiable thirst, excessive uri…
•Hypersecretion of Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)... •autoimm…
•Hyposecretion of Insulin... "Polyuria, Polydipsia, Polyphagia"
•Hypersecretion of growth hormone... •overgrowth of bones in han…
Diabetes insipidus
Hyposecretion of ADH, causes insatiable thirst, excessive uri…
Graves's disease
•Hypersecretion of Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)... •autoimm…
121 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Primary disorder
Secondary disorder
Tertiary disorder
Ectoscopic disorder
Problem with the gland in creating/releasing the hormone
Problem with the pituitary gland and releasing factors
Problem with cell receptor for uptake
Cancerous, alternative site that produces the hormone
Primary disorder
Problem with the gland in creating/releasing the hormone
Secondary disorder
Problem with the pituitary gland and releasing factors
Endocrine Disorders
Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
SIADH Management
Diabetes Insipidus Tx
Radioactive Therapy
Pituitary reached through back of nose & sphenoid sinus... Preo…
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone; treat underly…
Water replacement: D5W (hypotonic)... Hormone replacement: Desm…
Iodine 131; mildly radioactive... Iodine travels to thyroid and…
Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
Pituitary reached through back of nose & sphenoid sinus... Preo…
SIADH Management
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone; treat underly…
50 terms
Endocrine Disorders
acromegaly
Addison's disease
addisonian crisis
adrenalectomy
disease process resulting from excessive secretion of somatot…
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction…
acute adrenocortical insufficiency; characterized by acute hy…
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.
acromegaly
disease process resulting from excessive secretion of somatot…
Addison's disease
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction…
12 terms
endocrine disorders
Type 1 diabetes Mellitus
Addison's Disease
Hypothyroidism
Pituitary Dwarfism
Type 1 diabetes is all about insulin—a lack of the hormone in…
Hyposecretion of cortisol
Symptoms may include: Depression, fatigue, constipation, weig…
Growth hormone deficiency is a condition in which the body do…
Type 1 diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 diabetes is all about insulin—a lack of the hormone in…
Addison's Disease
Hyposecretion of cortisol
Endocrine Disorders
diabetes mellitus
hypoglycemia
Grave's Disease/ Basedow's Disease
goiter
A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the bloo…
Diabetes treatment and other conditions can cause hypoglycemi…
autoimmune problem that causes the thyroid gland to produce t…
Abnormal enlargement of the butterfly-shaped gland below the…
diabetes mellitus
A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the bloo…
hypoglycemia
Diabetes treatment and other conditions can cause hypoglycemi…
Endocrine Disorders
Addison's Disease
Cushing's Syndrome
Diabetes Mellitus
Goiter
- Caused by low levels of adrenal hormone ... - Some symptoms in…
- Caused by excess cortisol... - Symptoms include; moon face, hu…
- Caused by the bodies inability to control blood sugar level…
- Caused by enlarged thyroid gland... - Symptoms include; a larg…
Addison's Disease
- Caused by low levels of adrenal hormone ... - Some symptoms in…
Cushing's Syndrome
- Caused by excess cortisol... - Symptoms include; moon face, hu…
64 terms
endocrine disorders
what are organs of the endocrine system?
what does the endocrine system do?
disease associated with pancreas
diabetes mellitus
pancreas, thyroid, adrenal, parathyroid, pituitary
actions of hormones secreted into the blood stream.... hormones…
diabetes... - produce enzymes that break down all digestible foo…
random plasma glucose concern- greater than 200mg/dl... fasting…
what are organs of the endocrine system?
pancreas, thyroid, adrenal, parathyroid, pituitary
what does the endocrine system do?
actions of hormones secreted into the blood stream.... hormones…
11 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Addison's Disease
Cushing's Syndrome
Type 1 /IDDM (10%)... Diabetes milletus
Type 2/NIDDM (90%)... Diabetes mellitus
= hyposecretion of AC hormones due to autoimmunity or disease…
= hypersecretion of AC hormones due to pituitary tumor or ste…
o absolute insulin deficiency, with insulin administration.... o…
o patients > 40 years,... o overweight,... o hypertension,... o Proble…
Addison's Disease
= hyposecretion of AC hormones due to autoimmunity or disease…
Cushing's Syndrome
= hypersecretion of AC hormones due to pituitary tumor or ste…
99 terms
Endocrine disorders
Tissue sensitivity
Primary Disorder
Secondary Disorder
Diabetes Insipidus
cells not responding
Problem with gland
Problem outside of gland
Too little ADH
Tissue sensitivity
cells not responding
Primary Disorder
Problem with gland
15 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Gigantism
Dwarfism
Acromegaly
Hypoglycemia
Organ - pituitary... Hormone - hyper GH... Symptoms - giant - start…
Organ - pituitary... Hormone - hypo GH... Symptoms - extremely shor…
Organ - pituitary... Hormone - hyper GH... Symptoms - bones grow st…
Organ - pancreas... Hormone - hyper insulin ... Symptoms - blood su…
Gigantism
Organ - pituitary... Hormone - hyper GH... Symptoms - giant - start…
Dwarfism
Organ - pituitary... Hormone - hypo GH... Symptoms - extremely shor…
28 terms
Endocrine Disorders
endocrine system functions
critical relationships
characteristics of endocrine glands
altered endocrine function
-the endocrine system is a combination of glands and hormones…
-nervous system (fight or flight)... -immune system ... -endocrine…
-secretory cells arranged in small clusters... -NO ducts (*exocr…
HYPOfunction... -impaired gland development (pediatrics)... -glan…
endocrine system functions
-the endocrine system is a combination of glands and hormones…
critical relationships
-nervous system (fight or flight)... -immune system ... -endocrine…
Endocrine Disorders
Gigantism
Pituitary dwarfism
Acromegaly
Hypothyroidism
Pituitary gland secretes excessive amounts of hGH production…
Insufficient hGH production during childhood leading to a per…
Overproduction of hGH by pituitary gland in an adult with com…
Condition resulting when the thyroid produces extremely low l…
Gigantism
Pituitary gland secretes excessive amounts of hGH production…
Pituitary dwarfism
Insufficient hGH production during childhood leading to a per…
Endocrine disorders
Pituitary gigantism
Acromegaly
Goiter
Graves disease
excess secretion of growth hormone before bones growth
excess secretion of growth hormone after bones growth
reduction in the production of thyroid hormone, no iodine
excess thyroid hormone or hyperthyroidism
Pituitary gigantism
excess secretion of growth hormone before bones growth
Acromegaly
excess secretion of growth hormone after bones growth
Endocrine disorders
acromegaly
addison disease
crushing syndrome
diabetes Insipidus
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gl…
increases cortisol levels would be found in patients, caused…
any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urinat…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities caused by hypersecretion of th…
addison disease
is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal gl…
14 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Diabetes Mellitus
Addison's Disease
Cushing's Syndrome
Goiter
results from deficiency of insulin; the person becomes hyperg…
condition that is caused by a deficiency of adrenocortical st…
a person who takes high doses of steroids over an extended ti…
this results from an iodine-deficient diet, which causes a hy…
Diabetes Mellitus
results from deficiency of insulin; the person becomes hyperg…
Addison's Disease
condition that is caused by a deficiency of adrenocortical st…
Endocrine Disorders
Cretinism
Frohlich Dwarf
Graves' Disease
Gigantism
The under production of thyroid hormones at birth
The under-production of growth hormone resulting in an abnorm…
The over-production of thyroid hormones characterized by prot…
The over production of growth hormone
Cretinism
The under production of thyroid hormones at birth
Frohlich Dwarf
The under-production of growth hormone resulting in an abnorm…
endocrine disorders
grave's disease
cushing's syndrome
Addison's disease
diabetes mellitus
A disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence…
Round Moon shaped face, acne, enlarged head and trunk, pencil…
Hypo-secretion of Cortisol.
hypo-secretion of insulin. large output of urine, excessive h…
grave's disease
A disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence…
cushing's syndrome
Round Moon shaped face, acne, enlarged head and trunk, pencil…
Endocrine Disorders
pituitary gland, decrease in growth ho…
pituitary gland, decrease in antidiure…
thyroid gland, decrease in T3T4
thyroid gland, increase in T3T4
dwarfism
diabetes insipidus
hypothyroidism, graves, addison, hashmimoto
hyperthyroidism, Graves disease, goiter, thyromegaly
pituitary gland, decrease in growth ho…
dwarfism
pituitary gland, decrease in antidiure…
diabetes insipidus
Endocrine Disorders
Type 1 DM
Why does BUN elevate? Creatinine?
Somogyi Effect
Dawn Phenomenon
-juvenile... -destruction of pancreatic islet cells by islet cel…
BUN-dehydration; CRT-failure
HYPO at 3am... HYPERglycemia @ 7am... REDUCE/ELIMINATE HS dose of…
HYPER @ 3am & HIGHER at 7am... INCREASE HS insulin (due to grow…
Type 1 DM
-juvenile... -destruction of pancreatic islet cells by islet cel…
Why does BUN elevate? Creatinine?
BUN-dehydration; CRT-failure
12 terms
Endocrine Disorders
Acromegaly
Gigantism
Pituitary Dwarfism
Cretinism
Hypersecretion of growth hormone in adults, after the skeleta…
Hypersecretion of GH in children (during skeletal development…
Hyposecretion (undersecretion) of GH. Normal proportions, but…
A type of dwarfism caused by underactivity of the thyroid gla…
Acromegaly
Hypersecretion of growth hormone in adults, after the skeleta…
Gigantism
Hypersecretion of GH in children (during skeletal development…
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