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Study sets matching "endocrine system chapter 14"

35 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Endocrinology
Pituitary Gland
Assists in the function of achieving the delicate physiologic…
Used by the endocrine system to regulate a number of body fun…
Study of the glands that secrete hormones within the body.
Aka Hypophysis. Tiny gland behind the optic nerve in the cran…
Endocrine System
Assists in the function of achieving the delicate physiologic…
Hormones
Used by the endocrine system to regulate a number of body fun…
154 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
10 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
-ectomy
-emia
-genesis
-iasis
removal, excision
blood condition
forming or producing
abnormal condition
-ectomy
removal, excision
-emia
blood condition
66 terms
chapter 14 Endocrine system
main components of the endocrine system
production of hormones
maintains homeostasis in the body
antagonistic
consists of glands throughout the body ... -pituitary gland... - pi…
chemical passageways that enter the bloodstream and travel to…
state of equilibrium necessary for everything to function pro…
acts in opposition, does the opposite
main components of the endocrine system
consists of glands throughout the body ... -pituitary gland... - pi…
production of hormones
chemical passageways that enter the bloodstream and travel to…
103 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
aden/o
endocrine system
glands
-crine
glands
system works with other body systems to keep the body functio…
secrete chemical messengers, called hormones, into the circul…
to secrete
aden/o
glands
endocrine system
system works with other body systems to keep the body functio…
103 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
aden/o
endocrine system
glands
-crine
glands
system works with other body systems to keep the body functio…
secrete chemical messengers, called hormones, into the circul…
to secrete
aden/o
glands
endocrine system
system works with other body systems to keep the body functio…
10 terms
Chapter 14 endocrine system
Endocrinology
Hypothalamus
Acromegaly
Diabetes Insipidus
Endocrinology
Hypothalamus
14 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
adenohypophysis
adrenal glands
catecholamines
endocrine glands
another name for the anterior pituitary gland
located above the kidneys, consisting of an inner medulla and…
secreted in emergency or stress situations, elevate blood pre…
ductless glands that secrete chemical substances called hormo…
adenohypophysis
another name for the anterior pituitary gland
adrenal glands
located above the kidneys, consisting of an inner medulla and…
36 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
adenohypophysis
adrenal glands
catecholamines
endocrine glands
anterior pituitary gland master gland
located above the kidney
adrenaline
secrete hormones, ductless
adenohypophysis
anterior pituitary gland master gland
adrenal glands
located above the kidney
42 terms
Chapter 14 - Endocrine System
adren/o, adrenal/o
calc/o
crin/o
gluc/o, glyc/o, glycos/o
adrenal glands
calcium
secrete
sugar, sweetness
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal glands
calc/o
calcium
97 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 14: The Endocrine System
antagonistic
glucagon
glucose
insulin
acting in opposition
hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates the liver to…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
hormone produced by the pancreas that allows cells to use the…
antagonistic
acting in opposition
glucagon
hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates the liver to…
30 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
hormone
endocrine glands
endocrinology
steroids
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
the study of the endocrine system
lipid-soluble hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, and co…
hormone
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
endocrine glands
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
42 terms
Chapter 14 - Endocrine system
endocrine system functions
Pituitary Gland (hypophysis)
anterior pituitary gland
anterior pituitary
communicates & coordinates body functions, functions slowly t…
"master gland", controlled by hypothalamus, anterior pituitar…
anterior lobe, pars tuberalis, connected to hypothalamus by h…
responsible for production of 7 major hormones.
endocrine system functions
communicates & coordinates body functions, functions slowly t…
Pituitary Gland (hypophysis)
"master gland", controlled by hypothalamus, anterior pituitar…
45 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 14
ACTH
ADH
Adrenaline
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone: Stimulates the adrenal cortex to…
Antidiuretic Hormone; Reabsorbs H20 from the Kidneys.
^HR^BP, Air passages Dilate.
ACTH; Stimulates the adrenal cortex to release steroids.
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone: Stimulates the adrenal cortex to…
ADH
Antidiuretic Hormone; Reabsorbs H20 from the Kidneys.
22 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
adrenal glands
calco
crino
sugar, sweetness
adren/o; adrenal/o
calcium
secrete
gluc/o; glyc/o; glyc/o
adrenal glands
adren/o; adrenal/o
calco
calcium
30 terms
chapter 14 endocrine system
endocrine gland
hormone
target cell
endocrine system
secrete the chemical substances called hormones
a chemical messenger that influences of controls the activiti…
when a hormone bends to a specific tissue, call that hormones…
all of animals hormone secreting cells
endocrine gland
secrete the chemical substances called hormones
hormone
a chemical messenger that influences of controls the activiti…
63 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
classification of hormones
hormone receptors
Pituitary gland... Hypothalamic-hypophys…
hormones of the anterior pituitary gland
1)hormones are secreted by endocrine glands directly in to th…
1) hormones are aimed at receptors of target organs... 2) recept…
1) the portal system is a system of capillaries that connects…
1) growth hormone stimulates growth and maintains blood gluco…
classification of hormones
1)hormones are secreted by endocrine glands directly in to th…
hormone receptors
1) hormones are aimed at receptors of target organs... 2) recept…
38 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
pancreas
endocrine glands
hormone
specificity
functions as both an endocrine and exocrine gland. It produce…
ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood…
a chemical that serves as a messenger. Each hormone is secret…
there is a specific hormone for each receptor
pancreas
functions as both an endocrine and exocrine gland. It produce…
endocrine glands
ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood…
95 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
30 terms
chapter 14 endocrine system
endocrine gland
hormone
target cell
endocrine system
secrete the chemical substances called hormones
a chemical messenger that influences of controls the activiti…
when a hormone bends to a specific tissue, call that hormones…
all of animals hormone secreting cells
endocrine gland
secrete the chemical substances called hormones
hormone
a chemical messenger that influences of controls the activiti…
37 terms
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM CHAPTER 14
ENDOCRINE GLANDS - INSIDE
EXOCRINE GLANDS - OUTSIDE
ENDOCRINE
HORMONES
RELEASE HORMONES
RELEASE SUBSTANCE INTO DUCTS
RELEASE HORMONES INTO BLOOD
ARE CHEMICAL MESSENGERS THAT INFLUENCE OR CONTROL ACTIVITIES…
ENDOCRINE GLANDS - INSIDE
RELEASE HORMONES
EXOCRINE GLANDS - OUTSIDE
RELEASE SUBSTANCE INTO DUCTS
41 terms
Endocrine system chapter 14
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Hormone of the endocrine system is the
Hormones are
electrical signals
chemical signals
main focus
chemical messengers that influence or control activities of o…
Nervous system
electrical signals
Endocrine system
chemical signals
62 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Nerve Impulses
Hormones
Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
the nervous system communicates through electrical signals. c…
is a chemical messenger that influences or controls the activ…
are ductless glands, they secrete hormones directly into the…
the study of the endocrine system
Nerve Impulses
the nervous system communicates through electrical signals. c…
Hormones
is a chemical messenger that influences or controls the activ…
118 terms
Chapter 14 (Endocrine System)
acromegaly
adenoma
aldosterone
amenorrhea
extremity enlargement ... -result of excessive growth hormone in…
tumor of glandular tissue
mineralocorticoid, acts on the kidney to assist in maintainin…
absence of menses
acromegaly
extremity enlargement ... -result of excessive growth hormone in…
adenoma
tumor of glandular tissue
153 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine and Nervous system
Actigraphy testing
Anastomosis
Chemodenervation
Chemonucleolysis
Measures the movement of a limb; the term refers to methods u…
A surgical connection between two (usually hollow) structures.
An interruption of messages sent between nerves and muscles b…
Injection of an enzyme to dissolve the gelatinous cushioning…
Actigraphy testing
Measures the movement of a limb; the term refers to methods u…
Anastomosis
A surgical connection between two (usually hollow) structures.
267 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine and Nervous System
Actigraphy Testing
Anastomosis
Chemodenervation
Chemonucleolysis
Measures the movement of a limb; the term actigraphy refers t…
A surgical connection between two (usually hollow) structures
An interruption of messages sent between nerves and muscles b…
Injection of an enzyme to dissolve the gelatinous cushioning…
Actigraphy Testing
Measures the movement of a limb; the term actigraphy refers t…
Anastomosis
A surgical connection between two (usually hollow) structures
16 terms
Chapter 14- Endocrine System
Pancreas
adrenal cortex
thyroid gland
hypothalamus
contains the islets of Langerhans
secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and testosterone
secretes iodine-containing hormones
secretes releasing hormones
Pancreas
contains the islets of Langerhans
adrenal cortex
secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and testosterone
88 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Hormone
Endocrinology
Target Tissue/ Organ
secrete the chemical substance called hormones
chemical messenger that influences or controls the activities…
the study of the endocrine system
close to or at a distance from an endocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
secrete the chemical substance called hormones
Hormone
chemical messenger that influences or controls the activities…
386 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine and Nervous System
Actigraphy Testing
What is actigraphy
Anastomosis
Chemodenervation
Measures the movement of a limb
Refers to methods utilizing miniatureized sensors translating…
A surgical connection between two (usually hollow) structures
An interruption of messages sent between nerves and muscles b…
Actigraphy Testing
Measures the movement of a limb
What is actigraphy
Refers to methods utilizing miniatureized sensors translating…
10 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
ADH
DM
GDM
GH
antidiuretic hormon
diabetes mellitus
gestational diabetes mellitus
growth hormone
ADH
antidiuretic hormon
DM
diabetes mellitus
158 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Which of the following substances acts…
Which hormone is responsible for lower…
Which of the following hormones is sec…
Which hormone initiates labor during c…
sodium
insulin
epinephrine
oxytocin
Which of the following substances acts…
sodium
Which hormone is responsible for lower…
insulin
15 terms
Chapter 14; Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Target Tissues
Growth Hormone
Functions to maintain homeostasis
"boss" of the endocrine system; Chemicals of the endocrine
"employees" of the endocrine system; tissues, organs and cell…
GH; produced by the pituitary gland
Endocrine System
Functions to maintain homeostasis
Hormones
"boss" of the endocrine system; Chemicals of the endocrine
55 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Dwarfism
Diabetes Insipidus
Hirsutism
Epinephrine
Hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood and puberty.
Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). It is caused by…
Excessive, dark hair on the forearms and face
"Fight or flight" response
Dwarfism
Hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood and puberty.
Diabetes Insipidus
Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). It is caused by…
38 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Insulin
Electrolyte
Acr/o
Aden/o
Hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that allows body ce…
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
Extremity
Endocrine gland
Insulin
Hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that allows body ce…
Electrolyte
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
53 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
antagonisitic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
acting in opposition (mutually opposing)
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
Hormones that stimulate the liver to change stored glycogen i…
simple sugar that is the end product carbohydrate digestion
antagonisitic
acting in opposition (mutually opposing)
electrolyte
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
63 terms
Chapter 14- Endocrine System
The endocrine system
hyposecretion
hypersecretion
chemical substances
coordinates with the nervous system to regulate body activities
dysfunctional hormone production
excess hormone production
hormones
The endocrine system
coordinates with the nervous system to regulate body activities
hyposecretion
dysfunctional hormone production
59 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Antagonistic
Glucagon
Glucose
Insulin
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates li…
Simple sugar that is end product of carbohydrate digestion
Hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that allows body ce…
Antagonistic
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Glucagon
Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates li…
86 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Antagonistic
Electrolyte
Glucagon
Glucose
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, & calcium) that carries an e…
Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulate the…
Simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
Antagonistic
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Electrolyte
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, & calcium) that carries an e…
19 terms
Chapter 14 - Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
57 terms
Chapter 14 -Endocrine System
target tissue (organ)
receptor
hormones
endocrine glands
describes a specific tissue or organ to which a hormone binds
hormones bind to these special areas in the cell membrane of…
endocrine secretions that are classified as proteins, protein…
secrete hormones; called ductless glands
target tissue (organ)
describes a specific tissue or organ to which a hormone binds
receptor
hormones bind to these special areas in the cell membrane of…
22 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
adren/o ... adrenal/o
calc/o
crin/o
gluc/o... glyc/o... glycos/o
adrenal glands
calcium
secrete
sugar, sweetness
adren/o ... adrenal/o
adrenal glands
calc/o
calcium
144 terms
Chapter 14 endocrine system
endo-
-crine
dys-
coordinates with the nervous system to…
inside
secrete
"bad", impaired
endocrine system
endo-
inside
-crine
secrete
60 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
hormones
homeostasis
ductless glands
antagonistic
specialized chemicals that directly enter the bloodstream and…
internal state of equilibrium in the body
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid,adrenal,pancreatic,pineal, th…
acting in opposition mutually opposing
hormones
specialized chemicals that directly enter the bloodstream and…
homeostasis
internal state of equilibrium in the body
25 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Adren/o
Adrenal/o
Calc/o
Crin/o
Adrenal glands
Adrenal glands
Calcium
Secrete
Adren/o
Adrenal glands
Adrenal/o
Adrenal glands
47 terms
Chapter 14 Endocrine System
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
extremity
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
acr/o
extremity
aden/o
gland
17 terms
Chapter 14- Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digetsion
antagonistic
acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
55 terms
Chapter 14- Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Adrenalitis
Adren/o
Antagonistic
disorder in adults in which the pituitary gland produces too…
inflammation of adrenal gland
adrenal gland
actively opposing
Acromegaly
disorder in adults in which the pituitary gland produces too…
Adrenalitis
inflammation of adrenal gland
63 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
Abnormal condition of thyroid poison
Condition of decreased thyroid
Condition of excess thyroid
Decreased secretion of a gland
Thyrotoxicosis
Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism
Hypocrinism
Abnormal condition of thyroid poison
Thyrotoxicosis
Condition of decreased thyroid
Hypothyroidism
15 terms
Chapter 14| Endocrine System
thymoma
glycolysis
polydipsia
pancreatolithectomy
tumor of the thymus
destruction of glucose
much thirst
removal of a stone from the pancreas
thymoma
tumor of the thymus
glycolysis
destruction of glucose
47 terms
Chapter 14: Endocrine System
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
extremity
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
acr/o
extremity
aden/o
gland
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