Study sets matching "endocrine system chapter 17"

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Study sets matching "endocrine system chapter 17"

128 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System)
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
Hormones
Paracrines
Gap Junctions
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
- secreted by ONE cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the SAME t…
- join single unit, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial…
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
Hormones
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
72 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine System
Four Classes of Chemical Messengers
Autocrine
Paracrine
Neurotransmitter
Autocrine... Paracrine... Neurotransmitter... Endocrine
Released by cells and have a local effect on same cell as rel…
Released by cells and affect other cell types locally without…
Produced by neurons and secreted into extracellular spaces by…
Four Classes of Chemical Messengers
Autocrine... Paracrine... Neurotransmitter... Endocrine
Autocrine
Released by cells and have a local effect on same cell as rel…
94 terms
Chapter 17- The Endocrine System!
The Endocrine System:
A Hormone:
The circulating blood delivers hormones:
Both neurotransmitters and hormones:
Controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
Is a molecule that is released in one part of the body but re…
to cells throughout the body.
exert their effects by binding to receptors on or in their "t…
The Endocrine System:
Controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
A Hormone:
Is a molecule that is released in one part of the body but re…
61 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 17
Endocrine system
Hormones
Target cells
Endocrine system works mutually with w…
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
cells with specific receptors...bind the hormone initiating o…
Nervous system
Endocrine system
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
Hormones
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
105 terms
Chapter 17 - The Endocrine System
thyroxine
thyroxine
oxytocin
thyroxine-binding globulin
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of ____…
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
Which hormone would no longer be secreted if the hypothalamo-…
Which of the following is not a hormone?
thyroxine
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of ____…
thyroxine
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Difference between nervous and endocri…
what are the 3 types of hormonal stimu…
how do water-soluble hormones communic…
how do lipid-soluble hormones communic…
nervous system uses neurotransmitters... endocrine system uses…
hormonal - in response to another hormone... humoral - in respo…
second messenger system
they go directly to the nucleus
Difference between nervous and endocri…
nervous system uses neurotransmitters... endocrine system uses…
what are the 3 types of hormonal stimu…
hormonal - in response to another hormone... humoral - in respo…
45 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System) COMPLETE
Ovaries
Thyroid
Thymus
Kidney
-Progesterone... -Estrogen
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
-Stimulates T cells
-Calcitriol... -Adrenaline (epinephrine)
Ovaries
-Progesterone... -Estrogen
Thyroid
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System)
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
Hormones
Paracrines
Gap Junctions
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
- secreted by ONE cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the SAME t…
- join single unit, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial…
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
Hormones
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
- communication... - coordination
Hormones; Neurotransmitters
relatively local, specific; very gener…
series of glands in the body that produce hormones
Specialization of endocrine and nervous systems
The endocrine system uses _____; the nervous system uses _____.
Effects of nervous system; effects of endocrine system.
Endocrine Glands
series of glands in the body that produce hormones
- communication... - coordination
Specialization of endocrine and nervous systems
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland
Hormone
Pitutary Gland
a series of ductless glands that secrete messenger molecules…
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormon…
messenger molecules that are released by the endocrine glands…
- Secrets 9+ major hormones... - inferior to brain at hypophysea…
Endocrine System
a series of ductless glands that secrete messenger molecules…
Endocrine Gland
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormon…
61 terms
Chapter 17 [Endocrine System]
Ovaries
Thyroid
Thymus
Kidney
-Progesterone... -Estrogen... -Inhibin
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
-Stimulates T cells
-Calcitriol... -Adrenaline (epinephrine)
Ovaries
-Progesterone... -Estrogen... -Inhibin
Thyroid
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
90 terms
Chapter 17-Endocrine system
Gap junctions
Neurotransmitters
Paracrines
Hormones
Enable cells to pass nutrients, electrolytes and signaling mo…
Diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft and bind to receptors…
Secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
Chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Gap junctions
Enable cells to pass nutrients, electrolytes and signaling mo…
Neurotransmitters
Diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft and bind to receptors…
Chapter 17-Endocrine System
homeostasis
negative feedback
positive feedback
communication method (nervous system)
-self regulation of internal environment in response to chang…
-end result opposes the original stimulus
-end result reinforces original stimulus
-nerve signal causes release of NT
homeostasis
-self regulation of internal environment in response to chang…
negative feedback
-end result opposes the original stimulus
58 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine System
Endocrine Organs
Endocrine Cells with other organs
Steroid hormones
Protein hormones
Single organ that is entirely endocrine in function... Includes…
Housed in tissue clusters in specific organs... Secrete one or m…
Lipid-soluble molecules synthesized from cholesterol... Includes…
Most hormones are in this category... Composed of small chain of…
Endocrine Organs
Single organ that is entirely endocrine in function... Includes…
Endocrine Cells with other organs
Housed in tissue clusters in specific organs... Secrete one or m…
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Paracrines
hormones
endocrine systme
exocrine
secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
glands, tissues, cells that secrete
secrete products by way of a duct on to epithelial surfaces s…
Paracrines
secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
hormones
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
In humans, the endocrine and nervous s…
The endocrine system uses ____________…
Exocrine glands
series of glands in the body that produce horomones
communication and coordination
hormones; neurotransmitters
secrete their products into ducts; none of these products are…
Endocrine glands
series of glands in the body that produce horomones
In humans, the endocrine and nervous s…
communication and coordination
Endocrine System Chapter 17
Endocrine system
Hormones
Target cells
Endocrine system works mutually with w…
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
cells with specific receptors...bind the hormone initiating o…
Nervous system
Endocrine system
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
Hormones
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
128 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System)
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
Hormones
Paracrines
Gap Junctions
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
- secreted by ONE cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the SAME t…
- join single unit, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial…
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
Hormones
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
10 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
acromegaly
Addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
An endocrine organ that secretes epinephrine and norpinephrin…
acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
Addison disease
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
Chapter 17 - Endocrine system
Define: endocrine system
Define: hormone
bloodstream
gap junctions
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
hormones travel in the ______ to reach their target organ
pores in the cell membranes of neighboring cells allow ions,…
Define: endocrine system
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
Define: hormone
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
target cells
ligands
What are the general functions of the…
endocrine organ
cells with a specific receptor for a hormone
chemical substances (hormones or neurotransmitters) released…
1. Regulate development, growth, and metabolism.... 2. Maintaini…
a single organ that is entirely endocrine in function
target cells
cells with a specific receptor for a hormone
ligands
chemical substances (hormones or neurotransmitters) released…
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
endocrine glands
target cells (target tissues)
Hypothalamus
functions:... -regulation of: ... ---Development- (cell differentia…
produce and secrete hormones (chemical messengers) into the b…
cells with specific receptors for a hormone. Only these cells…
is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuc…
Endocrine System
functions:... -regulation of: ... ---Development- (cell differentia…
endocrine glands
produce and secrete hormones (chemical messengers) into the b…
41 terms
endocrine system chapter 17
autocrine messenger
paracrine messenger
neurotransmitters
hormones/endocrine
effect on the cells that makes and secrete them... sometimes aff…
act locally on their neighboring cells... ex: histamine, prostag…
used by neurons to communicate... released across the synapse... ex…
secreted into the bloodstream... they recognize specific target…
autocrine messenger
effect on the cells that makes and secrete them... sometimes aff…
paracrine messenger
act locally on their neighboring cells... ex: histamine, prostag…
166 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Gap Junctions
Neurotransmitters
paracrines
local hormones
join single-unit-smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial an…
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
are secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same…
Some call paracrines this: ________ ____________
Gap Junctions
join single-unit-smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial an…
Neurotransmitters
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
70 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
gap junction
neurotransmitters
paracrines
What are the 4 principle avenues of communication
Avenue of communication that join single-unit smooth muscle,…
Avenue of communication that is released by neurons, diffuse…
Avenue of communication that are secreted by one cell, diffus…
gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
What are the 4 principle avenues of communication
gap junction
Avenue of communication that join single-unit smooth muscle,…
75 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
At synapses-
The Endocrine System also-
The Nervous system acts through-
A Hormone-
Impulses trigger the release of mediator molecules called neu…
controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
nerve impulses conducted along axons of neurons.
Is a molecule that is released in one part of the body but re…
At synapses-
Impulses trigger the release of mediator molecules called neu…
The Endocrine System also-
controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
21 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Which of these hormones is not secrete…
____________ is secreted in response t…
__________ is secreted during and afte…
__________ is the largest endocrine gl…
ADH is secreted by the hypothalamus and stored in the posteri…
PTH (parathyroid hormone)
insulin
the thyroid gland
Which of these hormones is not secrete…
ADH is secreted by the hypothalamus and stored in the posteri…
____________ is secreted in response t…
PTH (parathyroid hormone)
78 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
spongiocytes; it contains lipid drople…
glucocorticoids and androgens
mineralocorticoids
glucocorticoids and androgens
What are the cells in the zona fasciculata called and why?
What does the zona fasciculata secrete?
What is the zona glomerulosa the source of?
What does the zona reticularis secrete?
spongiocytes; it contains lipid drople…
What are the cells in the zona fasciculata called and why?
glucocorticoids and androgens
What does the zona fasciculata secrete?
The Endocrine System Chapter 17
Endocrine System
Hormone
Process of hormone to body
Hormone Secretion:
Control and Communication System: Slower response but longer…
A chemical messenger
1. Have a secreting cell (endocrine gland)... 2. Dumped into a f…
1. Humoral Stimuli: Something in the blood that is going to s…
Endocrine System
Control and Communication System: Slower response but longer…
Hormone
A chemical messenger
40 terms
chapter 17 the Endocrine system
the endocrine is based on ________ com…
the endocrine system integrates a numb…
describe 3 hormonal stimulation mechan…
example of neural stimuli
wireless
growth... maturation... energy... balance... reproduction... water ... sodium b…
humoral-secrete hormones in direct response to changing level…
cells of the parathyroid gland directly monitor the concentra…
the endocrine is based on ________ com…
wireless
the endocrine system integrates a numb…
growth... maturation... energy... balance... reproduction... water ... sodium b…
The Endocrine System: Chapter 17
endocrine system
hormones
nervous vs. endocrine system... 4 answers
9 endocrine organs
regulatory system that maintains homeostasis through hormones…
chemical messenger of the endocrine ... takes several mins or da…
electrical and neurotransmitters vs. hormone communication... sp…
pituitary, thyroid, adrenal gland, hypothalamus, pineal glad,…
endocrine system
regulatory system that maintains homeostasis through hormones…
hormones
chemical messenger of the endocrine ... takes several mins or da…
128 terms
endocrine system; chapter 17
endocrine system
what do glands do?
3 things edocrine sys.reg.
endrocrine cells are derived from? with?
glands located throughout the body
secrete molecules into the bloodstreamwhere travel to their t…
1) homeostasis of blood comp. and volume... 2) control reproduct…
epithelial cells, secretorty function
endocrine system
glands located throughout the body
what do glands do?
secrete molecules into the bloodstreamwhere travel to their t…
101 terms
chapter 17 endocrine system
endocrine system
communication, organs
endocrine system
hormones, distribution
works with the nervous system to bring about homeostasis
both the endocrine and nervous systems use specific ________…
releases hormone into the bloodstream for distribution throug…
the endocrine system releases ____________ into the bloodstre…
endocrine system
works with the nervous system to bring about homeostasis
communication, organs
both the endocrine and nervous systems use specific ________…
129 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine system
Endocrine system
What do glands do?
Once the hormone and receptor interact…
What does the nervous system release?
Glands located throughout the body.
Secrete molecules into the bloodstream where they travel to t…
Biochemical/metabolic
Neurotransmitters directly to the area of the target cell.
Endocrine system
Glands located throughout the body.
What do glands do?
Secrete molecules into the bloodstream where they travel to t…
40 terms
Chapter 17 The Endocrine System
4 classes of chemical messengers
Autocrine
Autocrine Example
Paracrine
Autocrine, Paracrine, Neurotransmitter, Endocrine
Secreted by cells in local area; influences activity of same…
Thromboxane
Produced by wide variety of tissues; secreted into extracellu…
4 classes of chemical messengers
Autocrine, Paracrine, Neurotransmitter, Endocrine
Autocrine
Secreted by cells in local area; influences activity of same…
80 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Infundibulum
Neurohypophysis
Adenohypophysis
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
Another name for the Posterior Pituitary
Another name for the Anterior Pituitary
Hypothalamus
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
Infundibulum
A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
Chapter 17 Notes: Endocrine System
nervous system function
nervous system communication method
nervous system target cells
nervous system response time
1. maintaining homeostasis by:... -collecting sensory info (inte…
nerve signals travel through the neuron, then neurotransmitte…
other neurons, muscle cells, gland cells
rapid (milliseconds to seconds)
nervous system function
1. maintaining homeostasis by:... -collecting sensory info (inte…
nervous system communication method
nerve signals travel through the neuron, then neurotransmitte…
97 terms
Chapter 17- Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
The Endocrine system uses __________,…
Direction Communication
Paracrine Communication
Regulates long-term processes;... a. Growth... b. Reproduction... c…
Hormones; Neutransmitters
-Exchange of ions and molecules between adjacent cells.... -Occu…
- Uses chemical signals to transfer information... - Common... - Ex…
The Endocrine System
Regulates long-term processes;... a. Growth... b. Reproduction... c…
The Endocrine system uses __________,…
Hormones; Neutransmitters
78 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
Neuroendocrine System
Endocrine Signals
Nervous Signals
Endocrine System
The nervous system and the endocrine system work together to…
start in an endocrine cell, travel SLOW through the blood str…
Start in a neuron, Neurotransmitters travel FAST down the axo…
chemical signal mechanism... chemical signal- HORMONES... Travels v…
Neuroendocrine System
The nervous system and the endocrine system work together to…
Endocrine Signals
start in an endocrine cell, travel SLOW through the blood str…
82 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Neurotransmitters
Paracrines
Hormones
Control Center for Hormones
Released by neurons, diffuse across a synaptic cleft and bind…
Secreted by one cell and diffuses to the next
Chemical messages that are transported by the bloodstream and…
Hypothalamus
Control Center for Hormones
Neurotransmitters
Released by neurons, diffuse across a synaptic cleft and bind…
137 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine system
Define: endocrine system
Define: hormone
bloodstream
gap junctions
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
hormones travel in the ______ to reach their target organ
pores in the cell membranes of neighboring cells allow ions,…
Define: endocrine system
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
Define: hormone
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
103 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
Exocrine gland
Enzymes
Endocrine gland
-the study of endocrine glands... -influences the metabolic acti…
-has ducts... -produces non hormonal substance (enzymes)
-brought to a membrane surface to break down proteins
-ductless glands ... -produces hormones ... *actually proteins... *s…
The Endocrine System
-the study of endocrine glands... -influences the metabolic acti…
Exocrine gland
-has ducts... -produces non hormonal substance (enzymes)
69 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine System
neural vs endocrine signaling
hormone
What are the structures of the endocri…
endocrine gland
Neural - the direct action of an electrical potential, or the…
secretion of an endocrine organ that travels via the bloodstr…
Main: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pineal gl…
tissue or organ that secretes hormones into the blood and lym…
neural vs endocrine signaling
Neural - the direct action of an electrical potential, or the…
hormone
secretion of an endocrine organ that travels via the bloodstr…
Chapter 17: Endocrine system
Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Hormones
Target cells
Regulation and control of metabolic processes; helps maintain…
cluster of cell w/in organs or whole organs; synthesize and s…
go into blood stream and have contact w/ every tissue and cel…
Responds to a hormone; have a receptor for a particular hormone
Endocrine System
Regulation and control of metabolic processes; helps maintain…
Endocrine glands
cluster of cell w/in organs or whole organs; synthesize and s…
23 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
acromegaly
Addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
An endocrine organ that secretes epinephrine and norpinephrin…
acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
Addison disease
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Endocrine system?
hormone?
Endocrine glads produce?
endocrine systems includes?
organs that produce hormones
chemical messenger secreted into bloodstream
hormones
hormone producing cells in organs such as brain, heart, and s…
Endocrine system?
organs that produce hormones
hormone?
chemical messenger secreted into bloodstream
Chapter 17 Endocrine system
In humans, the endocrine and nervous s…
The endocrine system?
the nervous system uses?
Cell communication is?
communication and coordination
uses hormones;
neurotransmitters
Necessary for integration of cell activities
In humans, the endocrine and nervous s…
communication and coordination
The endocrine system?
uses hormones;
55 terms
Endocrine System- Chapter 17
4 Principle Mechanisms of Communicatio…
Endocrine System
Endocrinology
Endocrine Glands
1) Gap Junctions... 2) Neurotransmitters... 3) Paracrine Hormones... 4…
made of glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
the study of the endocrine system and the diagnosis and treat…
organs that are traditional sources of hormones
4 Principle Mechanisms of Communicatio…
1) Gap Junctions... 2) Neurotransmitters... 3) Paracrine Hormones... 4…
Endocrine System
made of glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
50 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 17
List the Catecholamines secreted by th…
The hypersecretion of growth hormone (…
What is the fate of hormones
List the 3 mechanisms used to regulate…
norepinephrine ... dopamine... epinephrine
acromegaly... gigantism
They are degraded bu the liver and kidneys
Feedback from target organs, control by brain centers other t…
List the Catecholamines secreted by th…
norepinephrine ... dopamine... epinephrine
The hypersecretion of growth hormone (…
acromegaly... gigantism
Chapter 17 Endocrine System Power Point
Endocrine System
Hormones
Target Cells
Exocrine Glands
•System consisting of endocrine glands located throughout the…
Chemical produced by endocrine glands that are secreted direc…
Cells that consist of specific receptors on which hormones wi…
Glands whose secretions are carried by tubes or... ducts to inte…
Endocrine System
•System consisting of endocrine glands located throughout the…
Hormones
Chemical produced by endocrine glands that are secreted direc…
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