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Study sets matching "endocrine system chapter 17"

61 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 17
Endocrine system
Hormones
Target cells
Endocrine system works mutually with w…
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
cells with specific receptors...bind the hormone initiating o…
Nervous system
Endocrine system
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
Hormones
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
45 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System) COMPLETE
Ovaries
Thyroid
Thymus
Kidney
-Progesterone... -Estrogen
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
-Stimulates T cells
-Calcitriol... -Adrenaline (epinephrine)
Ovaries
-Progesterone... -Estrogen
Thyroid
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
128 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System)
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
Hormones
Paracrines
Gap Junctions
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
- secreted by ONE cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the SAME t…
- join single unit, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial…
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
Hormones
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
105 terms
Chapter 17 - The Endocrine System
thyroxine
thyroxine
oxytocin
thyroxine-binding globulin
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of ____…
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
Which hormone would no longer be secreted if the hypothalamo-…
Which of the following is not a hormone?
thyroxine
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of ____…
thyroxine
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
72 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine System
Four Classes of Chemical Messengers
Autocrine
Paracrine
Neurotransmitter
Autocrine... Paracrine... Neurotransmitter... Endocrine
Released by cells and have a local effect on same cell as rel…
Released by cells and affect other cell types locally without…
Produced by neurons and secreted into extracellular spaces by…
Four Classes of Chemical Messengers
Autocrine... Paracrine... Neurotransmitter... Endocrine
Autocrine
Released by cells and have a local effect on same cell as rel…
94 terms
Chapter 17- The Endocrine System!
The Endocrine System:
A Hormone:
The circulating blood delivers hormones:
Both neurotransmitters and hormones:
Controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
Is a molecule that is released in one part of the body but re…
to cells throughout the body.
exert their effects by binding to receptors on or in their "t…
The Endocrine System:
Controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
A Hormone:
Is a molecule that is released in one part of the body but re…
88 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
endocrine gland
hormone
blood
target cells
endocrine gland
hormone
49 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine VS. Exocrine
Hormones
Target Cells
down-regulation
-endocrine: secrete hormones into extracellular fluid, which…
chemical messengers released by the endocrine system that reg…
cells that are affected by hormones... -Like neurotransmitters,…
when the hormone is present in *excess and the cell reduces t…
Endocrine VS. Exocrine
-endocrine: secrete hormones into extracellular fluid, which…
Hormones
chemical messengers released by the endocrine system that reg…
55 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
In humans, the endocrine and nervous s…
The endocrine system uses ____________…
Exocrine glands
series of glands in the body that produce horomones
communication and coordination
hormones; neurotransmitters
secrete their products into ducts; none of these products are…
Endocrine glands
series of glands in the body that produce horomones
In humans, the endocrine and nervous s…
communication and coordination
137 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine system
Define: endocrine system
Define: hormone
bloodstream
gap junctions
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
hormones travel in the ______ to reach their target organ
pores in the cell membranes of neighboring cells allow ions,…
Define: endocrine system
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
Define: hormone
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
61 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 17
Endocrine system
Hormones
Target cells
Endocrine system works mutually with w…
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
cells with specific receptors...bind the hormone initiating o…
Nervous system
Endocrine system
composed of endocrine glands that synthesize and secrete mole…
Hormones
chemical formed in one part of the body and carried by the bl…
32 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Method of Communication
Speed of Response
Range of Response
Ductless glands.... Secretes hormones into the bloodstream.... Work…
Nervous System:... - Neurotransmitter release causes nerve impul…
Nervous System:... - Rapid reaction time: milliseconds or second…
Nervous System:... - Typically has localized, specific effects i…
Endocrine System
Ductless glands.... Secretes hormones into the bloodstream.... Work…
Method of Communication
Nervous System:... - Neurotransmitter release causes nerve impul…
24 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland
Hormone
Pitutary Gland
a series of ductless glands that secrete messenger molecules…
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormon…
messenger molecules that are released by the endocrine glands…
- Secrets 9+ major hormones... - inferior to brain at hypophysea…
Endocrine System
a series of ductless glands that secrete messenger molecules…
Endocrine Gland
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormon…
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
- communication... - coordination
Hormones; Neurotransmitters
relatively local, specific; very gener…
series of glands in the body that produce hormones
Specialization of endocrine and nervous systems
The endocrine system uses _____; the nervous system uses _____.
Effects of nervous system; effects of endocrine system.
Endocrine Glands
series of glands in the body that produce hormones
- communication... - coordination
Specialization of endocrine and nervous systems
128 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System)
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
Hormones
Paracrines
Gap Junctions
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
- secreted by ONE cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the SAME t…
- join single unit, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial…
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
Hormones
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
48 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Paracrines
hormones
endocrine systme
exocrine
secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
glands, tissues, cells that secrete
secrete products by way of a duct on to epithelial surfaces s…
Paracrines
secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
hormones
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
61 terms
Chapter 17 [Endocrine System]
Ovaries
Thyroid
Thymus
Kidney
-Progesterone... -Estrogen... -Inhibin
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
-Stimulates T cells
-Calcitriol... -Adrenaline (epinephrine)
Ovaries
-Progesterone... -Estrogen... -Inhibin
Thyroid
-Thyroxine... -Calcitonin
10 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
acromegaly
Addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
An endocrine organ that secretes epinephrine and norpinephrin…
acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
Addison disease
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
65 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
endocrine glands
target cells (target tissues)
Hypothalamus
functions:... -regulation of: ... ---Development- (cell differentia…
produce and secrete hormones (chemical messengers) into the b…
cells with specific receptors for a hormone. Only these cells…
is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuc…
Endocrine System
functions:... -regulation of: ... ---Development- (cell differentia…
endocrine glands
produce and secrete hormones (chemical messengers) into the b…
166 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Gap Junctions
Neurotransmitters
paracrines
local hormones
join single-unit-smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial an…
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
are secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same…
Some call paracrines this: ________ ____________
Gap Junctions
join single-unit-smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial an…
Neurotransmitters
are released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cle…
41 terms
endocrine system chapter 17
autocrine messenger
paracrine messenger
neurotransmitters
hormones/endocrine
effect on the cells that makes and secrete them... sometimes aff…
act locally on their neighboring cells... ex: histamine, prostag…
used by neurons to communicate... released across the synapse... ex…
secreted into the bloodstream... they recognize specific target…
autocrine messenger
effect on the cells that makes and secrete them... sometimes aff…
paracrine messenger
act locally on their neighboring cells... ex: histamine, prostag…
75 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
At synapses-
The Endocrine System also-
The Nervous system acts through-
A Hormone-
Impulses trigger the release of mediator molecules called neu…
controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
nerve impulses conducted along axons of neurons.
Is a molecule that is released in one part of the body but re…
At synapses-
Impulses trigger the release of mediator molecules called neu…
The Endocrine System also-
controls body activities by releasing mediator molecules call…
107 terms
Chapter 17- The Endocrine System
4 Principal avenues of communication f…
Join single-unit smooth muscle, cardia…
Released by neurons, diffuse across a…
"Local hormones" Secreted by one cell,…
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones
Gap junctions
Neurotrasmitters
Paracrines
4 Principal avenues of communication f…
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones
Join single-unit smooth muscle, cardia…
Gap junctions
78 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
spongiocytes; it contains lipid drople…
glucocorticoids and androgens
mineralocorticoids
glucocorticoids and androgens
What are the cells in the zona fasciculata called and why?
What does the zona fasciculata secrete?
What is the zona glomerulosa the source of?
What does the zona reticularis secrete?
spongiocytes; it contains lipid drople…
What are the cells in the zona fasciculata called and why?
glucocorticoids and androgens
What does the zona fasciculata secrete?
14 terms
The Endocrine System Chapter 17
Endocrine System
Hormone
Process of hormone to body
Hormone Secretion:
Control and Communication System: Slower response but longer…
A chemical messenger
1. Have a secreting cell (endocrine gland)... 2. Dumped into a f…
1. Humoral Stimuli: Something in the blood that is going to s…
Endocrine System
Control and Communication System: Slower response but longer…
Hormone
A chemical messenger
40 terms
chapter 17 the Endocrine system
the endocrine is based on ________ com…
the endocrine system integrates a numb…
describe 3 hormonal stimulation mechan…
example of neural stimuli
wireless
growth... maturation... energy... balance... reproduction... water ... sodium b…
humoral-secrete hormones in direct response to changing level…
cells of the parathyroid gland directly monitor the concentra…
the endocrine is based on ________ com…
wireless
the endocrine system integrates a numb…
growth... maturation... energy... balance... reproduction... water ... sodium b…
40 terms
Chapter 17 The Endocrine System
4 classes of chemical messengers
Autocrine
Autocrine Example
Paracrine
Autocrine, Paracrine, Neurotransmitter, Endocrine
Secreted by cells in local area; influences activity of same…
Thromboxane
Produced by wide variety of tissues; secreted into extracellu…
4 classes of chemical messengers
Autocrine, Paracrine, Neurotransmitter, Endocrine
Autocrine
Secreted by cells in local area; influences activity of same…
78 terms
The Endocrine System: Chapter 17
endocrine system
hormones
nervous vs. endocrine system... 4 answers
9 endocrine organs
regulatory system that maintains homeostasis through hormones…
chemical messenger of the endocrine ... takes several mins or da…
electrical and neurotransmitters vs. hormone communication... sp…
pituitary, thyroid, adrenal gland, hypothalamus, pineal glad,…
endocrine system
regulatory system that maintains homeostasis through hormones…
hormones
chemical messenger of the endocrine ... takes several mins or da…
80 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Infundibulum
Neurohypophysis
Adenohypophysis
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
Another name for the Posterior Pituitary
Another name for the Anterior Pituitary
Hypothalamus
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
Infundibulum
A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
97 terms
Chapter 17- Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
The Endocrine system uses __________,…
Direction Communication
Paracrine Communication
Regulates long-term processes;... a. Growth... b. Reproduction... c…
Hormones; Neutransmitters
-Exchange of ions and molecules between adjacent cells.... -Occu…
- Uses chemical signals to transfer information... - Common... - Ex…
The Endocrine System
Regulates long-term processes;... a. Growth... b. Reproduction... c…
The Endocrine system uses __________,…
Hormones; Neutransmitters
70 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
gap junction
neurotransmitters
paracrines
What are the 4 principle avenues of communication
Avenue of communication that join single-unit smooth muscle,…
Avenue of communication that is released by neurons, diffuse…
Avenue of communication that are secreted by one cell, diffus…
gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
What are the 4 principle avenues of communication
gap junction
Avenue of communication that join single-unit smooth muscle,…
82 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Neurotransmitters
Paracrines
Hormones
Control Center for Hormones
Released by neurons, diffuse across a synaptic cleft and bind…
Secreted by one cell and diffuses to the next
Chemical messages that are transported by the bloodstream and…
Hypothalamus
Control Center for Hormones
Neurotransmitters
Released by neurons, diffuse across a synaptic cleft and bind…
137 terms
Chapter 17 - Endocrine system
Define: endocrine system
Define: hormone
bloodstream
gap junctions
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
hormones travel in the ______ to reach their target organ
pores in the cell membranes of neighboring cells allow ions,…
Define: endocrine system
helps body to coordinate functions by aiding in communication…
Define: hormone
chemicals that act as messengers in the body
103 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
Exocrine gland
Enzymes
Endocrine gland
-the study of endocrine glands... -influences the metabolic acti…
-has ducts... -produces non hormonal substance (enzymes)
-brought to a membrane surface to break down proteins
-ductless glands ... -produces hormones ... *actually proteins... *s…
The Endocrine System
-the study of endocrine glands... -influences the metabolic acti…
Exocrine gland
-has ducts... -produces non hormonal substance (enzymes)
55 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine system
Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Hormones
Target cells
Regulation and control of metabolic processes; helps maintain…
cluster of cell w/in organs or whole organs; synthesize and s…
go into blood stream and have contact w/ every tissue and cel…
Responds to a hormone; have a receptor for a particular hormone
Endocrine System
Regulation and control of metabolic processes; helps maintain…
Endocrine glands
cluster of cell w/in organs or whole organs; synthesize and s…
77 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
Gap Junctions
Neurotransmitters
Paracrines
Hormones
One of the body's four principle avenues of communication fro…
Released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft a…
* para = next to... *crin = to secrete ... Secreted by one cell, di…
Chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Gap Junctions
One of the body's four principle avenues of communication fro…
Neurotransmitters
Released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft a…
128 terms
endocrine system; chapter 17
endocrine system
what do glands do?
3 things edocrine sys.reg.
endrocrine cells are derived from? with?
glands located throughout the body
secrete molecules into the bloodstreamwhere travel to their t…
1) homeostasis of blood comp. and volume... 2) control reproduct…
epithelial cells, secretorty function
endocrine system
glands located throughout the body
what do glands do?
secrete molecules into the bloodstreamwhere travel to their t…
101 terms
chapter 17 endocrine system
endocrine system
communication, organs
endocrine system
hormones, distribution
works with the nervous system to bring about homeostasis
both the endocrine and nervous systems use specific ________…
releases hormone into the bloodstream for distribution throug…
the endocrine system releases ____________ into the bloodstre…
endocrine system
works with the nervous system to bring about homeostasis
communication, organs
both the endocrine and nervous systems use specific ________…
35 terms
Chapter 17: Endocrine System (Overview)
Endocrine system
Hormones
Hormones
Epithelial
Body system which contains glands that secrete hormones
Chemical signals which are secreted by the endocrine system
(1) Produced in very small amounts (2) secreted into intersti…
What type of tissue are glands made of?
Endocrine system
Body system which contains glands that secrete hormones
Hormones
Chemical signals which are secreted by the endocrine system
26 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
What is the function of the endocrine…
What are the some differences in the n…
What are the main forms of communicati…
Gap junctions
Releases hormones throughout the body in order to regulate ce…
1. Nervous system has a quick response time, endocrine system…
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones
Gaps between cells that allow nutrients, electrolytes, and si…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Releases hormones throughout the body in order to regulate ce…
What are the some differences in the n…
1. Nervous system has a quick response time, endocrine system…
84 terms
Chapter 17-Endocrine System
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Secrete products by way of a duct (passage way) onto epitheli…
Ductless. Have a high density of blood capillaries and secret…
Communicates by electrical impulses/neurotransmitters release…
Communicates by hormones with general, widespread effects tha…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete products by way of a duct (passage way) onto epitheli…
Endocrine Glands
Ductless. Have a high density of blood capillaries and secret…
129 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine system
Endocrine system
What do glands do?
Once the hormone and receptor interact…
What does the nervous system release?
Glands located throughout the body.
Secrete molecules into the bloodstream where they travel to t…
Biochemical/metabolic
Neurotransmitters directly to the area of the target cell.
Endocrine system
Glands located throughout the body.
What do glands do?
Secrete molecules into the bloodstream where they travel to t…
22 terms
Chapter 17: The Endocrine System
Neurotransmitters
Paracrines
hormones
target cells
A chemical secreted by a neuron, often serving to modify the…
A chemical messenger similar to a hormone whose effects are r…
A chemical messenger that is secreted into the blood by an en…
A cell acted upon by a nerve fiber, hormone, or other channel…
Neurotransmitters
A chemical secreted by a neuron, often serving to modify the…
Paracrines
A chemical messenger similar to a hormone whose effects are r…
128 terms
Chapter 17 (Endocrine System) Yasha
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
Hormones
Paracrines
Gap Junctions
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
- secreted by ONE cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the SAME t…
- join single unit, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial…
Body as 4 cell to cell forms of commun…
1) Hormones... 2) Paracrines... 3) Gap Junctions... 4) Neurotransmitters
Hormones
- chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream…
50 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 17
List the Catecholamines secreted by th…
The hypersecretion of growth hormone (…
What is the fate of hormones
List the 3 mechanisms used to regulate…
norepinephrine ... dopamine... epinephrine
acromegaly... gigantism
They are degraded bu the liver and kidneys
Feedback from target organs, control by brain centers other t…
List the Catecholamines secreted by th…
norepinephrine ... dopamine... epinephrine
The hypersecretion of growth hormone (…
acromegaly... gigantism
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 17 (Endocrine system)
Roles of Endocrine System
Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
Hypophyseal portal system
Two posterior pituitary hormones that…
- Employs endocrine glands to control the behavior of the org…
-Inferior to hypothalamus ... Parts:... - Infundibulum - neck ... - P…
- Portal veins link capillary bed in hypothalamus with capill…
1. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) ... 2. Oxytocin
Roles of Endocrine System
- Employs endocrine glands to control the behavior of the org…
Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
-Inferior to hypothalamus ... Parts:... - Infundibulum - neck ... - P…
23 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
acromegaly
Addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
An endocrine organ that secretes epinephrine and norpinephrin…
acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of the extremities, jaws, and nose cause…
Addison disease
adrenocortical insufficiency secondary to destruction of the…
55 terms
Endocrine System- Chapter 17
4 Principle Mechanisms of Communicatio…
Endocrine System
Endocrinology
Endocrine Glands
1) Gap Junctions... 2) Neurotransmitters... 3) Paracrine Hormones... 4…
made of glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
the study of the endocrine system and the diagnosis and treat…
organs that are traditional sources of hormones
4 Principle Mechanisms of Communicatio…
1) Gap Junctions... 2) Neurotransmitters... 3) Paracrine Hormones... 4…
Endocrine System
made of glands, tissues, and cells that secrete hormones
72 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine System
Endocrine system?
hormone?
Endocrine glads produce?
endocrine systems includes?
organs that produce hormones
chemical messenger secreted into bloodstream
hormones
hormone producing cells in organs such as brain, heart, and s…
Endocrine system?
organs that produce hormones
hormone?
chemical messenger secreted into bloodstream
36 terms
Endocrine system Chapter 17
Melatonin
Cortisol
Luteinizing Hormone
Antidiuretic hormone
This hormone is involved in regulating circadian rhythm, and…
This hormone increased blood glucose levels and inhibits infl…
This hormone brings about ovulation
This hormone causes the distal convoluted tubules to become m…
Melatonin
This hormone is involved in regulating circadian rhythm, and…
Cortisol
This hormone increased blood glucose levels and inhibits infl…
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