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Study sets matching "endocrine system chapter 18"

46 terms
Chapter 18: The Endocrine System
Direct Communication
Paracrine Communication
Endocrine Communication
Endocrine System
Exchange of ions & molecules b/w adjacent cells across gap ju…
Uses chemical signals to transfer information from cell to ce…
Endocrine cells released chemicals (hormones) into bloodstrea…
Regulates long-term processes (growth, development, reproduct…
Direct Communication
Exchange of ions & molecules b/w adjacent cells across gap ju…
Paracrine Communication
Uses chemical signals to transfer information from cell to ce…
35 terms
Chapter 18 The Endocrine System
Hormones
Endocrine and nervous system similarit…
Negative feedback
Positive feedback
Are produced by endocrine tissue cells and are released into…
Their common goal is to maintain homeostasis by coordinating…
A feedback loop that negates or responds in a different way t…
A feedback loop that amplifies or continues to increase the o…
Hormones
Are produced by endocrine tissue cells and are released into…
Endocrine and nervous system similarit…
Their common goal is to maintain homeostasis by coordinating…
47 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
adrenal cortez
adrenal medulla
ovaries
pancreas
outer section (cortex) of each adrenal gland; secretes cortis…
inner section (medulla) os each adrenal gland
located in lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg pro…
located behind the stomach. Islet (alpha and beta) cells (isl…
adrenal cortez
outer section (cortex) of each adrenal gland; secretes cortis…
adrenal medulla
inner section (medulla) os each adrenal gland
85 terms
The Endocrine System: Chapter 18
hormone
exocrine gland
endocrine gland
endocrine tissue
mediator molecule
cells produce a secretion into duct system that empties in su…
sections enter the interstitial fluid and diffuse into the bl…
belongs to two systems
hormone
mediator molecule
exocrine gland
cells produce a secretion into duct system that empties in su…
41 terms
Chapter 18- Endocrine System
Aden/o
Andr/o
Cortic/o
Estr/o
Gland
Male
Cortex, outer region
Female
Aden/o
Gland
Andr/o
Male
26 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Exocrine Glands
Maintained by Nervous and Endocrine System
Quick regulation using action potentials conducted along axon…
Slower regulation using hormones released into blood which bi…
release product into duct, onto epethelial surface ( sweat gl…
Homeostasis
Maintained by Nervous and Endocrine System
Nervous System
Quick regulation using action potentials conducted along axon…
40 terms
Chapter-18 Endocrine System
aden/o
adrenal/o
gonad/o
pancreat/o
gland
adrenal gland
sex glands
pancreas
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
54 terms
CHAPTER 18: ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
aden/o
adrenal/o
gonad/o
pancreat/o
gland
small gland on top of kidney
sex glands (ovaries and testes)
exocrine + endocrine gland off duodenum
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
small gland on top of kidney
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
27 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
Hormones
Endocrine
Endocrine Function
Endocrine Gland
a. works well with low concentration ... b. target areas with re…
a. maintains homeostasis
a. extracellular fluid comp... b. biological clock... c. contractio…
a. secretes their products "hormones" into the intersitial fl…
Hormones
a. works well with low concentration ... b. target areas with re…
Endocrine
a. maintains homeostasis
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
79 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
Homeostasis is maintained by
Direct Communication
Gap Junctions
Paracrine Communication
Intercellular communication
-Adjacent cells coordinate cellular activities by exchanging…
1) Coordinate ciliary movement among epithelial cells... 2) Coor…
-The use of chemical messengers to transfer information from…
Homeostasis is maintained by
Intercellular communication
Direct Communication
-Adjacent cells coordinate cellular activities by exchanging…
129 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Glands
Hormones
Endocrine glands
Exocrine Glands
Located in many regions of the body and they release hormones…
Regulate the many and varied functions of an organism
Secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream
Send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of the body…
Glands
Located in many regions of the body and they release hormones…
Hormones
Regulate the many and varied functions of an organism
48 terms
Chapter 18: endocrine system
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
hormone diffuse into the blood stream…
hormones only affect
secrete their products into ducts
-secrete hormones directly into interstitial fluid... -no ducts…
capillaries
target cells that possess specific protein receptors
exocrine glands
secrete their products into ducts
endocrine glands
-secrete hormones directly into interstitial fluid... -no ducts…
165 terms
Chapter 18 The endocrine system
Homeostasis
nervous system (details about it)
endocrine system
indirect communication
preserved and coordinated by two forms of intercellular commu…
- fast... - short term ... - uses electrical impulses; synaptic com…
- slow... - long term... - uses chemical messengers (hormones) ... - s…
- release and receipt of chemical messengers
Homeostasis
preserved and coordinated by two forms of intercellular commu…
nervous system (details about it)
- fast... - short term ... - uses electrical impulses; synaptic com…
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
adrenal cortex
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
outer section of adrenal gland
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
adrenal cortex
outer section of adrenal gland
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
16 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Adrenal cortex
adrenal medulla
Hormones
Endocrine Glands
Outer section of each adrenal gland
inner section of each adrenal gland, secretes epinephrine
Effect produced by binding to receptors in various target tis…
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstre…
Adrenal cortex
Outer section of each adrenal gland
adrenal medulla
inner section of each adrenal gland, secretes epinephrine
84 terms
Chapter 18-Endocrine System
The two organ systems that maintain an…
To maintain homeostasis: the nervous s…
Function of the Endocrine System
Main Endocrine Glands in the Body
-the nervous system... -the endocrine system
nervous system: neurotransmitters... endocrine system:... hormones
-coordinating body processes and functions by producing and r…
The two organ systems that maintain an…
-the nervous system... -the endocrine system
To maintain homeostasis: the nervous s…
nervous system: neurotransmitters... endocrine system:... hormones
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
65 terms
Chapter 18 - The Endocrine system
Direct Communication
Paracrine Communication
Synaptic Communication
Endocrine Communication
Ions and molecules which use gap junctions in order for two…
Uses chemical signals among cells *within a tissue/in the loc…
Uses chemical messages (neurotransmitters) across *synaptic c…
Uses chemical signals (hormones) secreted into the *bloodst…
Direct Communication
Ions and molecules which use gap junctions in order for two…
Paracrine Communication
Uses chemical signals among cells *within a tissue/in the loc…
53 terms
Chapter 18: The Endocrine System
How does the hypothalamus control rele…
How does the hypothalamus control rele…
What are the 5 types of cells in the a…
Somatotrophs
stimulated by releasing and inhibiting hormones
neurosecretion triggered by sensory inputs
Somatotrophs, thyrotrophs, gonadotrophs, lactotrophs, cortico…
secrete human growth hormone (hGH)
How does the hypothalamus control rele…
stimulated by releasing and inhibiting hormones
How does the hypothalamus control rele…
neurosecretion triggered by sensory inputs
70 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine system
Nervous and endocrine systems
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Down-Regulated
coordinate and regulate all body systems
Use neurons and transmitters to coordinate.
Uses hormones to coordinate.
receptors in the presence of high concentrations of horomones
Nervous and endocrine systems
coordinate and regulate all body systems
Nervous system
Use neurons and transmitters to coordinate.
23 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
Direct Communication
Paracrine Communication
Endocrine Communication
Synaptic Communication
18-1... - Exchange of ions and molecules between adjacent cells…
18-1... - Uses chemical signals to communicate with nearby cell…
18-1... - Endocrine cells release hormones into the bloodstream…
18-1... - Ideal for crisis management... - Occurs across synaptic…
Direct Communication
18-1... - Exchange of ions and molecules between adjacent cells…
Paracrine Communication
18-1... - Uses chemical signals to communicate with nearby cell…
109 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 18
hormone
exocrine gland
endocrine gland
excretion
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body,…
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
secrete their products (hormones) into interstitial fluid sur…
removal of material from a living organism (usually waste pro…
hormone
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body,…
exocrine gland
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
32 terms
Endocrine System - Chapter 18
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone)
Angiotensin
Natriuretic Peptides
Gland: Anterior-Pituitary... Target: Adrenal Cortex
Gland: Posterior-Pituitary... Target: Kidneys
Gland: Liver... Target: ?
Gland: Heart... Target: Kidneys, Hypothalamus, Adrenal gland
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
Gland: Anterior-Pituitary... Target: Adrenal Cortex
ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone)
Gland: Posterior-Pituitary... Target: Kidneys
72 terms
Endocrine system , Chapter 18
Only organ that has endocrine and exoc…
Diabetes type 1
Diabetes type 2
Insulin
Pancreas
Pancreas does not produce insulin
Produce insulin but not sufficient
Reduces glucose
Only organ that has endocrine and exoc…
Pancreas
Diabetes type 1
Pancreas does not produce insulin
129 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Glands
Hormones
Endocrine glands
Exocrine Glands
Located in many regions of the body and they release hormones…
Regulate the many and varied functions of an organism
Secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream
Send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of the body…
Glands
Located in many regions of the body and they release hormones…
Hormones
Regulate the many and varied functions of an organism
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
117 terms
Chapter 18 - Endocrine System
adrenal cortex
adrenal medulla
ovaries
pancreas
outer section (cortex) of each adrenal gland; secretes cortis…
inner section (medulla) of each adrenal gland; secretes epine…
located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg…
located behind the stomach. Islet (alpha and beta) cells secr…
adrenal cortex
outer section (cortex) of each adrenal gland; secretes cortis…
adrenal medulla
inner section (medulla) of each adrenal gland; secretes epine…
The Endocrine System (chapter 18)
Endo = _______
Crinin = ________
Homeo = ___________
Stasis = ____________
Within
Something that stimulates glandular secretion
Constant
Constant
Endo = _______
Within
Crinin = ________
Something that stimulates glandular secretion
28 terms
Chapter 18 - Endocrine System
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Paracrine
Autocrine
Glands that contain ducts. Secrete products onto surface of t…
Glands that lack ducts. Secrete products into interstitial fl…
A locally acting hormone that affects a nearby or neighboring…
A locally acting hormone that affects the same cell that rele…
Exocrine glands
Glands that contain ducts. Secrete products onto surface of t…
Endocrine glands
Glands that lack ducts. Secrete products into interstitial fl…
28 terms
Chapter 18 - Endocrine System
Endocrine System Functions
Endocrine Glands
Endocrine Tissues
Anterior Pituitary
Acts with the nervous system to coordinate functions of all o…
Pituitary... Thyroid... Parathyroid... Pineal... Adrenal
Hypothalamus... Thymus... Pancreas... Ovaries... Testes... Kidneys... Placenta…
Adenohyophysis; composed of epithelial tissue; produces and s…
Endocrine System Functions
Acts with the nervous system to coordinate functions of all o…
Endocrine Glands
Pituitary... Thyroid... Parathyroid... Pineal... Adrenal
A&P Chapter 18: Endocrine System
Endocrine system
Target cell
Hormones
Similarities between endocrine and ner…
Body system that regulates long term processes like growth, d…
The specific cell has the receptor needed to cause a reaction…
Chemical messengers that stimulate synthesis of enzymes or st…
1. Reliance on release of chemicals to bind to specific recep…
Endocrine system
Body system that regulates long term processes like growth, d…
Target cell
The specific cell has the receptor needed to cause a reaction…
109 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 18
hormone
exocrine gland
endocrine gland
excretion
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body,…
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
secrete their products (hormones) into interstitial fluid sur…
removal of material from a living organism (usually waste pro…
hormone
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body,…
exocrine gland
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
40 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System Terminology
aden/o
adrenal/o
gonad/o
pancreat/o
gland
adrenal gland
sex glands (ovaries and testes)
pancreas
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
33 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
The endocrine system is controlled by…
Endocrine organs include...
Paracrines
Autocrines
negative feedback
hypothalamus, thymus, pancreas, ovaries, testes, kidneys, sto…
...
...
The endocrine system is controlled by…
negative feedback
Endocrine organs include...
hypothalamus, thymus, pancreas, ovaries, testes, kidneys, sto…
99 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
33 terms
The Endocrine System - Chapter 18
Endocrinology
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Target Cell
The study of the endocrine system
Release chemical substances directly into the bloodstream or…
Release chemical substances through ducts to outside the body…
A cell that bears receptors for a hormone, drug, or other sig…
Endocrinology
The study of the endocrine system
Endocrine Glands
Release chemical substances directly into the bloodstream or…
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormone
What do hormones do?
Hormone Receptor
The internal secretion of a gland
to rouse or set in motion; chemical messengers that are relea…
stimulate synthesis of enzymes or structural proteins... increas…
protein molecule to which a particular molecule binds strongly
Endocrine System
The internal secretion of a gland
Hormone
to rouse or set in motion; chemical messengers that are relea…
65 terms
Chapter 18: Endocrine System
Compare endocrine system to nervous sy…
Compare endocrine system to nervous sy…
Compare endocrine system to nervous sy…
Compare endocrine system to nervous sy…
Nervous - NTs... Endocrine - Hormones
Nervous - milliseconds, short-lived... Endocrine - minutes to ho…
Nervous - synapse... Endocrine - carried by bloodstream
Nervous - smaller number but more specific... Endocrine - large…
Compare endocrine system to nervous sy…
Nervous - NTs... Endocrine - Hormones
Compare endocrine system to nervous sy…
Nervous - milliseconds, short-lived... Endocrine - minutes to ho…
30 terms
Chapter 18 The Endocrine System
Endocrine gland
Hormone
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
produces and releases chemical substances that signal changes…
a chemical prduced by an endocrine gland
an endocrine gland located in the brain, controls feelings of…
pea-sized endocrine gland that controls growth, reproduction…
Endocrine gland
produces and releases chemical substances that signal changes…
Hormone
a chemical prduced by an endocrine gland
133 terms
Chapter 18 The Endocrine System
What are hormones?
Purpose of hormones is to keep or rest…
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine Gland
Mediator molecules
Homeostasis
Cells produce secretion into the duct system that empties dir…
Hormone secretions enter the interstitial fluid and diffuse d…
What are hormones?
Mediator molecules
Purpose of hormones is to keep or rest…
Homeostasis
18 terms
Endocrine System- Chapter 18
Which gland or organ is not strictly c…
Which of the following does not influe…
Which of the following is true when de…
Which of the following is not a true s…
Pancreas
The temperature of the tissue
Is usually the result of a second hormone's exposure on targe…
a. Most hormone systems function under a positive feedback sy…
Which gland or organ is not strictly c…
Pancreas
Which of the following does not influe…
The temperature of the tissue
79 terms
Chapter 18 - Endocrine System
Regulates long-term processes:
Hormones
Endocrinology
Hormones
Growth... Development ... Reproduction
are released in the
is the study of the endocrine system
are carried in the blood to reach cells... cause an effect only…
Regulates long-term processes:
Growth... Development ... Reproduction
Hormones
are released in the
28 terms
LOM Chapter 18 Endocrine System
ENDOCRINE glands
EXOCRINE glands
Endocrine Glands (name 8)
There are two hormones:
Secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream
Send chemical substances (tears, sweat, milk, saliva) via duc…
Thyroid gland... Parathyroid glands (four glands)... Adrenal glands…
Thyroxine or tetraiodothyronine (T4) ... Triiodothyronine (T3).
ENDOCRINE glands
Secrete their hormones directly into the bloodstream
EXOCRINE glands
Send chemical substances (tears, sweat, milk, saliva) via duc…
44 terms
Chapter 18 Endocrine System
function of endocrine and nervous system
general functions of endocrine system
secreting cells
Hormones
achieve and maintain homeostasis
communication, integration, and control
send hormone molecules by way of the blood to specific target…
carried to almost every point in the body; can regulate most…
function of endocrine and nervous system
achieve and maintain homeostasis
general functions of endocrine system
communication, integration, and control
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