Study sets matching "endocrine system chpt 22"

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Study sets matching "endocrine system chpt 22"

61 terms
The Endocrine System Chapter 22
Endocrinology
Target cells
Blocking hormone receptors
Anterior pituitary cells secrete
Form of medicine; deals with the structure and function of th…
Certain cells that chemically bind to certain protein receptors
slows endocrine system down, blocks receptors
Human growth hormone (hGH), Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)…
Endocrinology
Form of medicine; deals with the structure and function of th…
Target cells
Certain cells that chemically bind to certain protein receptors
120 terms
chapter 22- Endocrine System
Endocrine system controls homeostasis by
Neuroendocrine system
Endocrine effects body tissues by?
Timing and duration of hormonal effects?
secreting hormones
the connection between the nervous and endocrine systems
altering metabolic activities,... regulating growth and developm…
-takes a while to cause a response... -long term effect
Endocrine system controls homeostasis by
secreting hormones
Neuroendocrine system
the connection between the nervous and endocrine systems
Chapter 22: Endocrine System
Human growth hormone (hGH) or somatotr…
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or t…
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Stimulates liver, muscle, cartilage, bone, and other tissues…
Stimulates the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by…
In females, initiates development of oocytes and induces ovar…
In females, stimulates secretion of estrogens and progesteron…
Human growth hormone (hGH) or somatotr…
Stimulates liver, muscle, cartilage, bone, and other tissues…
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or t…
Stimulates the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by…
Chapter 22 - Endocrine System
Infundibulum
Posterior pituitary stores and release…
Pituitary dwarfism, Giantism, Acromega…
Melatonin increases...
stalk attached to hypothalamus
Oxytocin (OT)... Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
HGH
10x during sleep
Infundibulum
stalk attached to hypothalamus
Posterior pituitary stores and release…
Oxytocin (OT)... Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
40 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System
infundibulum
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
a true endocrine gland
contains axon terminals of hypothalamic neurons
controls the secretion of hormones secreted by the anterior p…
infundibulum
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
anterior pituitary gland
a true endocrine gland
40 terms
Chapter 22 - Endocrine System
Infundibulum
Parts of the pituitary gland
Which pituitary gland is a true endocr…
Posterior pituitary gland contains
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
1. Anterior... 2. Posterior
Anterior pituitary
axon terminals of hypothalmic neurons
Infundibulum
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Parts of the pituitary gland
1. Anterior... 2. Posterior
115 terms
Chapter 22 - The Endocrine System
Pineal gland
Pinealocytes
Melatonin
Increase
A cone-shaped gland located in the roof of the third ventricl…
The secretory cells of the pineal gland.
A hormone secreted by the pineal gland that contributes to th…
During sleep, levels of melatonin in the bloodstream.
Pineal gland
A cone-shaped gland located in the roof of the third ventricl…
Pinealocytes
The secretory cells of the pineal gland.
6 terms
Chapter 22 The Endocrine System
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Target Cells
Receptors
Secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Ductless or tubeless organs or groups of cells that secrete h…
Cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
Special structures that allow living organisms to sense the c…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Endocrine Glands
Ductless or tubeless organs or groups of cells that secrete h…
34 terms
Chapter 22 The Endocrine System
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Endocrine system
Target cells
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
All endocrine glands and hormone secreting cells constitute t…
Although a given hormone travels throughout the body in the b…
Exocrine glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Endocrine glands
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
secrete hormones in our interstitial f…
secretes fluid to the outside of our b…
only goes to the receptors of the thyr…
area that controls hunger thirst rage…
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
thyroid stimulating hormone
hypothalamus
secrete hormones in our interstitial f…
endocrine glands
secretes fluid to the outside of our b…
exocrine glands
Chapter 22; Endocrine system
connects the pituitary gland to the hy…
the hypothalamus is a part of which re…
which part of the pituitary gland is a…
contains axon terminals of hypothalami…
infundibulum
diencephalon
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
connects the pituitary gland to the hy…
infundibulum
the hypothalamus is a part of which re…
diencephalon
35 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System
What 2 systems coordinate all body sys…
What does the nervous system control?
How does the nervous system control ho…
How does the endocrine system control…
nervous system and endocrine system
homeostasis
Sends out nerve impulses to release neurotransmitters
Secretes out hormones
What 2 systems coordinate all body sys…
nervous system and endocrine system
What does the nervous system control?
homeostasis
65 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
What are the two systems that control…
Mediator molecules of the endocrine sy…
Site of mediator action of the endocri…
Types of target cells of the endocrine…
Endocrine and Nervous
Hormones delivered to tissues throughout the body by the bloo…
(usually) far from site of release. Binds to receptors on or…
cells all throughout the body
What are the two systems that control…
Endocrine and Nervous
Mediator molecules of the endocrine sy…
Hormones delivered to tissues throughout the body by the bloo…
55 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Hypothalamus
the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate…
Secrete products into the interstitial fluid surrounding the…
Secrete their products into ducts that can carry the secretio…
Located in the limbic system, inferior to the thalamus... Functi…
Endocrine System
the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate…
Endocrine Glands
Secrete products into the interstitial fluid surrounding the…
73 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine System
Endocrine organs
Endocrine organs
Endocrine organs
Endocrine organs
Ductless glands located throughout body -- secrete their prod…
Hormones can produce effects in the cell that secreted them,…
Works with nervous system in communication, integration/ regu…
Effects on target organs/cels are slower and longer lasting w…
Endocrine organs
Ductless glands located throughout body -- secrete their prod…
Endocrine organs
Hormones can produce effects in the cell that secreted them,…
48 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
Infundibulum
Anterior pituitary
Posterior pituitary
Hypothalamus
Connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Part of the pituitary gland that is a true endocrine gland.
Contains axon terminals of hypothalamic neurons. Is also a st…
Controls the secretion of hormones secreted by the anterior p…
Infundibulum
Connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
Part of the pituitary gland that is a true endocrine gland.
20 terms
Chapter 22 nervous and endocrine systems
Neuron
Dentrite
Axon
Synapse
Working unit of the nervous system, made up of a cell body an…
Branch of neuron that receives messages and sends them to the…
Branch of neuron that carries messages or impulses away from…
Small space between neurons across which an impulse moves by…
Neuron
Working unit of the nervous system, made up of a cell body an…
Dentrite
Branch of neuron that receives messages and sends them to the…
Chapter 22 nervous and endocrine systems
Neurons
Cell body
Dentrites
Axon
Nerve cells the structural and functional units of the nervou…
Contains the nucleus and other cell organelles
Extend from the cell body and receive nerve impulses from oth…
Long extension of the cell body that transmits nerve impulses…
Neurons
Nerve cells the structural and functional units of the nervou…
Cell body
Contains the nucleus and other cell organelles
71 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System BLANKS
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
Neurotransmitters are [short/long] act…
The BLANK BLANK of the hypothalamus of…
neurotransmitters, hormones
close, postsynaptic, far, target
short, long
median eminence (inferior boundary), infundibulum
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
neurotransmitters, hormones
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
close, postsynaptic, far, target
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 22 - Endocrine System
Infundibulum
True
Hypothalamus
Median Eminence
This connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
(True/False) The Anterior Pituitary is a true endocrine gland…
This controls the secretion of hormones by the anterior pitui…
This is the location in the hypothalamus where regulatory hor…
Infundibulum
This connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
True
(True/False) The Anterior Pituitary is a true endocrine gland…
24 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine system not really finished
endocrine system: mediator molecules
endocrine system: site of mediator act…
endocrine system: types of target cells
endocrine system: time to onset of act…
hormones delivered to tissues throughout body by the blood
far from site of release; binds to receptors on or in target…
cells throughout the body
seconds to hours to days
endocrine system: mediator molecules
hormones delivered to tissues throughout body by the blood
endocrine system: site of mediator act…
far from site of release; binds to receptors on or in target…
71 terms
U4 Chapter 22 Endocrine System BLANKS
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
Neurotransmitters are [short/long] act…
The BLANK BLANK of the hypothalamus of…
neurotransmitters, hormones
close, postsynaptic, far, target
short, long
median eminence (inferior boundary), infundibulum
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
neurotransmitters, hormones
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
close, postsynaptic, far, target
67 terms
KIN 2500 - Chapter 22- Endocrine System
Endocrine
Exocrine
Pituitary Gland: Infundibulum
Pituitary Gland: Hypothalamus
Secrete the hormone into the interstitial fluid and then the…
Secrete hormone into duct which will lead to body cavities, l…
Connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
-Body temp. ... -Hunger/thirst... -Fear/rage... -Sexual activity... -ANS
Endocrine
Secrete the hormone into the interstitial fluid and then the…
Exocrine
Secrete hormone into duct which will lead to body cavities, l…
117 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System (final)
endocrinology
endocrine, blood stream
exocrine, lumen of an organ, body cavity
tears, sweat
_________: study of the endocrine system and diagnosis and tr…
__________: secretes hormones into interstitial fluid, then g…
__________: secretes hormones that end up on the outside of t…
Two examples of things produced by the exocrine system.
endocrinology
_________: study of the endocrine system and diagnosis and tr…
endocrine, blood stream
__________: secretes hormones into interstitial fluid, then g…
Chapter 22 Endocrine
nervous system v. endocrine system
endocrine glands
pure endocrine glands
thyroid gland
long axons v. blood ... neurotransmitters v. hormones... fast actio…
hypothalamus ... pituitary... pineal gland ... thyroid ... parathyroid ... t…
only produce hormones ... - pituitary ... - pineal ... - thyroid... - pa…
2 lateral lobes + isthmus
nervous system v. endocrine system
long axons v. blood ... neurotransmitters v. hormones... fast actio…
endocrine glands
hypothalamus ... pituitary... pineal gland ... thyroid ... parathyroid ... t…
16 terms
Chapter 22 Human Reproduction & Endocrine Systems
Hormone
Testis
Sperm
Semen
The chemical produced by the endocrine system, released direc…
Male organ that produces sperm and tester one.
Haploid sex cell formed in the male reproductive organs; in h…
Mixture of sperm and a fluid that helps sperm move and suppli…
Hormone
The chemical produced by the endocrine system, released direc…
Testis
Male organ that produces sperm and tester one.
20 terms
SBS Chapter 22 Endocrine and Nervous System
Nine (9)
Four (4)
Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus and Adrenal
Thyroid Gland
There are _____ glands in the endocrine system
How many endocrine glands are included in the subsection
What four glands are included in the Endocrine System subsect…
gland composed of a right and left lobe on either side of the…
Nine (9)
There are _____ glands in the endocrine system
Four (4)
How many endocrine glands are included in the subsection
70 terms
KIN 2500 Endocrine System CHAPTER 22
hormones
endocrinology
hormones
target cell and receptor
the endocrine system releases?
the science that deals with the structure and function of the…
regulating molecules that are released by the endocrine system
hormones need to find both of these to be released
hormones
the endocrine system releases?
endocrinology
the science that deals with the structure and function of the…
22 terms
Hormones from The Endocrine System (Chapter 22)
Human growth hormone (hGH)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Stimulates growth of tissues... Stimulates liver, muscle, cartil…
Stimulates the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by…
F: develop oocytes, secrete estrogen... M: produce sperm
F: secretes estrogen & progesterone, formation of corpuse lut…
Human growth hormone (hGH)
Stimulates growth of tissues... Stimulates liver, muscle, cartil…
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Stimulates the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by…
Chapter 22: The Integumentary System
acne vulgaris
albinism
alopecia
bacteremic
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
baldness or loss of hair
pertaining to bacteria in the blood stream
acne vulgaris
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
albinism
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
Chapter 22: Endocrine Sytem
Which two systems work together to coo…
How does the Nervous System control ho…
How does the Endocrine System control…
Neuroendocrine System... What is it made…
Nervous System and Endocrine System
Via nerve impulses that trigger the release of neurotransmitt…
By secreting hormones = messenger molecules into the bloodstr…
1. Neurons inhibit or stimulate the release of hormones... 2. So…
Which two systems work together to coo…
Nervous System and Endocrine System
How does the Nervous System control ho…
Via nerve impulses that trigger the release of neurotransmitt…
Unit 9: Chapter 22 The Endocrine System
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
endocrine system
target cells
secreter their products into ducts that carry secretions into…
secrete their products into interstitial fluid surrounding th…
all endocrine glands and hormone-secreting cells.
given hormone travels throughout the body in the blood.
exocrine glands
secreter their products into ducts that carry secretions into…
endocrine glands
secrete their products into interstitial fluid surrounding th…
Chapter 22: Endocrine Pathophysiology
Hyposecretion
Hypersecretion
Insensitivity
Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretio…
Low hormone levels
High hormone levels
...
= high ADH... - Increased water reabsorption in collecting duct…
Hyposecretion
Low hormone levels
Hypersecretion
High hormone levels
71 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine System - Exam 7
What two systems control the body?
What does the endocrine system do?
What is an example of the endocrine sy…
What does the exocrine system do?
Endocrine and nervous systems
Secretes things into interstitial fluid, then goes to the blo…
Hormones
Secretes things that end up on the outside of the body
What two systems control the body?
Endocrine and nervous systems
What does the endocrine system do?
Secretes things into interstitial fluid, then goes to the blo…
28 terms
Chapter 22: Respiratory System
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Septum
Nasal Conchae
Pharynx
Hollow space behind nose
Divides the nasal cavity into right an left halves
Bones that curl out from the sides of the nasal cavity; swirl…
Behind oral cavity; from nasal cavity to larynx
Nasal Cavity
Hollow space behind nose
Nasal Septum
Divides the nasal cavity into right an left halves
100 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine Disorders
Endocrine System
Difference between Endocrine and Nervo…
Endocrine
Hormones
System for regulating the production of hormones = developmen…
Nervous is short-lived and rapid
Between remote cells; influence cells at distant sites
Released by endocrine glands that circulate through the blood…
Endocrine System
System for regulating the production of hormones = developmen…
Difference between Endocrine and Nervo…
Nervous is short-lived and rapid
12 terms
Endocrine System Function: Chapter 22, unit 2
Endocrine system
Endocrine system
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Composed of ductless glands. Works with nervous system to con…
Uses hormones for slower systemic response
Uses impulses for rapid, localized response
No ducts, secretes hormones into interstitial fluid around ce…
Endocrine system
Composed of ductless glands. Works with nervous system to con…
Endocrine system
Uses hormones for slower systemic response
23 terms
Chapter 22 Sun-Earth-Moon System
axis
ellipse
equinox
first quarter
The imaginary line in which the Earth spins
The shape of the Earth's orbit around the sun. It looks like…
When the sun is directly over the equator.All areas of the Ea…
The phase of the moon after the new moon when you can see one…
axis
The imaginary line in which the Earth spins
ellipse
The shape of the Earth's orbit around the sun. It looks like…
13 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine and Hematologic
Polydipsia
Polyphagia
Polyuria
Thyromegaly
Excessive thirst
Excessive eating
Excessive urination
Abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
Polydipsia
Excessive thirst
Polyphagia
Excessive eating
15 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine Sytem
Gland
Hormone
Target Cells
Hypothalamus
exocrine: secrete their products (sweat, oil, mucus, digestiv…
produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transp…
Surface receptors: hormones bind to the receptors. they have…
Hormones... - Anterior pituitary releasing hormones: stimulated…
Gland
exocrine: secrete their products (sweat, oil, mucus, digestiv…
Hormone
produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transp…
Nervous, endocrine chapter 22
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neuron
dendrite
the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and fi…
The part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptor…
A long, thin nerve cell that carries electrochemical impulses…
The part of a neuron that carries nerve impulses towards the…
Central nervous system
the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and fi…
Peripheral nervous system
The part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptor…
157 terms
Chapter 22: The Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
digestive functions
ingestion
continuous tube which food passes directly (oral cavity, phar…
-not part of alimentary canal... -assist in digestion in some wa…
basically get it to mouth in small pieces or liquid form, pro…
-occurs via mouth under normal conditions... -food and water are…
alimentary canal
continuous tube which food passes directly (oral cavity, phar…
accessory organs
-not part of alimentary canal... -assist in digestion in some wa…
13 terms
Chapter 22- Endocrine and Hematologic
Polydipsia
Polyphagia
Polyuria
Thyromegaly
Excessive thirst
Excessive eating
Excessive urination
Abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
Polydipsia
Excessive thirst
Polyphagia
Excessive eating
Chapter 22 - Endocrine and Hematologic
Polydipsia
Polyphagia
Polyuria
Thyromgaly
Excessive thirst
Excessive eating
Excessive urination
Abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
Polydipsia
Excessive thirst
Polyphagia
Excessive eating
42 terms
Chapter 22 - Lymphatic System
Functions of the Lymphatic System
Lymph
Susceptibility
Organs of the lymphatic (immune) system
1. Drains interstitial fluid between body cells... 2. Returns pl…
Same composition as interstitial fluid but located in lymphat…
Lack of resistance
Lymphatic vessels, Lymphatic tissues (lymph nodes, tonsils/ad…
Functions of the Lymphatic System
1. Drains interstitial fluid between body cells... 2. Returns pl…
Lymph
Same composition as interstitial fluid but located in lymphat…
30 terms
Chapter 22 Integumentary System
Integumentary system
Epidermis
Keratin
Dermis
functions protects, regulate body temperature, Vitamin D prod…
out layer of skin consist of the stratum corneum and stratum…
tough protein in the stratum corneum helps form the impermeab…
true skin
Integumentary system
functions protects, regulate body temperature, Vitamin D prod…
Epidermis
out layer of skin consist of the stratum corneum and stratum…
Chapter 22: The Integumentary System
acne vulgaris
albinism
alopecia
bacteremic
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
baldness or loss of hair
pertaining to bacteria in the blood stream
acne vulgaris
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
albinism
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
24 terms
Earth Sci Chapter 22 - Sun and Solar System
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
Inertia
Gravity
A theory that states the sun and planets revolve around the e…
A theory that states the earth and other planets revolve arou…
The tendency of a moving object to continue moving that is at…
The attractive forces between two objects, its magnitude betw…
Geocentric Theory
A theory that states the sun and planets revolve around the e…
Heliocentric Theory
A theory that states the earth and other planets revolve arou…
76 terms
Chapter 22: Musculoskeletal System
musculoskeletal system
muscles
bones (206)
muscles (650)
provides stability and mobility necessary for physical activi…
variable size and strength; genetic, nutrition, exercise fact…
hard and rigid structure... protection (organs)... act as levers…
40-50% of the body's weight... allow for movement and position…
musculoskeletal system
provides stability and mobility necessary for physical activi…
muscles
variable size and strength; genetic, nutrition, exercise fact…
173 terms
Chapter 22- Respiratory System
Nasal cavity
Nasal meatuses
Larynx
Cricoid cartilage
Nasal cavity
Nasal meatuses
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