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Study sets matching "endocrine system chpt 22"

61 terms
The Endocrine System Chapter 22
Endocrinology
Target cells
Blocking hormone receptors
Anterior pituitary cells secrete
Form of medicine; deals with the structure and function of th…
Certain cells that chemically bind to certain protein receptors
slows endocrine system down, blocks receptors
Human growth hormone (hGH), Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)…
Endocrinology
Form of medicine; deals with the structure and function of th…
Target cells
Certain cells that chemically bind to certain protein receptors
120 terms
chapter 22- Endocrine System
Endocrine system controls homeostasis by
Neuroendocrine system
Endocrine effects body tissues by?
Timing and duration of hormonal effects?
secreting hormones
the connection between the nervous and endocrine systems
altering metabolic activities,... regulating growth and developm…
-takes a while to cause a response... -long term effect
Endocrine system controls homeostasis by
secreting hormones
Neuroendocrine system
the connection between the nervous and endocrine systems
73 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine System
Endocrine organs
Endocrine organs
Endocrine organs
Endocrine organs
Ductless glands located throughout body -- secrete their prod…
Hormones can produce effects in the cell that secreted them,…
Works with nervous system in communication, integration/ regu…
Effects on target organs/cels are slower and longer lasting w…
Endocrine organs
Ductless glands located throughout body -- secrete their prod…
Endocrine organs
Hormones can produce effects in the cell that secreted them,…
Chapter 22 - Endocrine System
Infundibulum
Posterior pituitary stores and release…
Pituitary dwarfism, Giantism, Acromega…
Melatonin increases...
stalk attached to hypothalamus
Oxytocin (OT)... Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
HGH
10x during sleep
Infundibulum
stalk attached to hypothalamus
Posterior pituitary stores and release…
Oxytocin (OT)... Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
40 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System
infundibulum
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
a true endocrine gland
contains axon terminals of hypothalamic neurons
controls the secretion of hormones secreted by the anterior p…
infundibulum
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
anterior pituitary gland
a true endocrine gland
40 terms
Chapter 22 - Endocrine System
Infundibulum
Parts of the pituitary gland
Which pituitary gland is a true endocr…
Posterior pituitary gland contains
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
1. Anterior... 2. Posterior
Anterior pituitary
axon terminals of hypothalmic neurons
Infundibulum
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Parts of the pituitary gland
1. Anterior... 2. Posterior
115 terms
Chapter 22 - The Endocrine System
Pineal gland
Pinealocytes
Melatonin
Increase
A cone-shaped gland located in the roof of the third ventricl…
The secretory cells of the pineal gland.
A hormone secreted by the pineal gland that contributes to th…
During sleep, levels of melatonin in the bloodstream.
Pineal gland
A cone-shaped gland located in the roof of the third ventricl…
Pinealocytes
The secretory cells of the pineal gland.
34 terms
Chapter 22 The Endocrine System
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Endocrine system
Target cells
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
All endocrine glands and hormone secreting cells constitute t…
Although a given hormone travels throughout the body in the b…
Exocrine glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Endocrine glands
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
56 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
secrete hormones in our interstitial f…
secretes fluid to the outside of our b…
only goes to the receptors of the thyr…
area that controls hunger thirst rage…
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
thyroid stimulating hormone
hypothalamus
secrete hormones in our interstitial f…
endocrine glands
secretes fluid to the outside of our b…
exocrine glands
40 terms
Chapter 22; Endocrine system
connects the pituitary gland to the hy…
the hypothalamus is a part of which re…
which part of the pituitary gland is a…
contains axon terminals of hypothalami…
infundibulum
diencephalon
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
connects the pituitary gland to the hy…
infundibulum
the hypothalamus is a part of which re…
diencephalon
35 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System
What 2 systems coordinate all body sys…
What does the nervous system control?
How does the nervous system control ho…
How does the endocrine system control…
nervous system and endocrine system
homeostasis
Sends out nerve impulses to release neurotransmitters
Secretes out hormones
What 2 systems coordinate all body sys…
nervous system and endocrine system
What does the nervous system control?
homeostasis
65 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
What are the two systems that control…
Mediator molecules of the endocrine sy…
Site of mediator action of the endocri…
Types of target cells of the endocrine…
Endocrine and Nervous
Hormones delivered to tissues throughout the body by the bloo…
(usually) far from site of release. Binds to receptors on or…
cells all throughout the body
What are the two systems that control…
Endocrine and Nervous
Mediator molecules of the endocrine sy…
Hormones delivered to tissues throughout the body by the bloo…
55 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Hypothalamus
the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate…
Secrete products into the interstitial fluid surrounding the…
Secrete their products into ducts that can carry the secretio…
Located in the limbic system, inferior to the thalamus... Functi…
Endocrine System
the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate…
Endocrine Glands
Secrete products into the interstitial fluid surrounding the…
48 terms
Chapter 22: The Endocrine System
Infundibulum
Anterior pituitary
Posterior pituitary
Hypothalamus
Connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Part of the pituitary gland that is a true endocrine gland.
Contains axon terminals of hypothalamic neurons. Is also a st…
Controls the secretion of hormones secreted by the anterior p…
Infundibulum
Connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
Part of the pituitary gland that is a true endocrine gland.
20 terms
Chapter 22 nervous and endocrine systems
Neuron
Dentrite
Axon
Synapse
Working unit of the nervous system, made up of a cell body an…
Branch of neuron that receives messages and sends them to the…
Branch of neuron that carries messages or impulses away from…
Small space between neurons across which an impulse moves by…
Neuron
Working unit of the nervous system, made up of a cell body an…
Dentrite
Branch of neuron that receives messages and sends them to the…
Chapter 22 nervous and endocrine systems
Neurons
Cell body
Dentrites
Axon
Nerve cells the structural and functional units of the nervou…
Contains the nucleus and other cell organelles
Extend from the cell body and receive nerve impulses from oth…
Long extension of the cell body that transmits nerve impulses…
Neurons
Nerve cells the structural and functional units of the nervou…
Cell body
Contains the nucleus and other cell organelles
71 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System BLANKS
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
Neurotransmitters are [short/long] act…
The BLANK BLANK of the hypothalamus of…
neurotransmitters, hormones
close, postsynaptic, far, target
short, long
median eminence (inferior boundary), infundibulum
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
neurotransmitters, hormones
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
close, postsynaptic, far, target
70 terms
KIN 2500 Endocrine System CHAPTER 22
hormones
endocrinology
hormones
target cell and receptor
the endocrine system releases?
the science that deals with the structure and function of the…
regulating molecules that are released by the endocrine system
hormones need to find both of these to be released
hormones
the endocrine system releases?
endocrinology
the science that deals with the structure and function of the…
22 terms
Hormones from The Endocrine System (Chapter 22)
Human growth hormone (hGH)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Stimulates growth of tissues... Stimulates liver, muscle, cartil…
Stimulates the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by…
F: develop oocytes, secrete estrogen... M: produce sperm
F: secretes estrogen & progesterone, formation of corpuse lut…
Human growth hormone (hGH)
Stimulates growth of tissues... Stimulates liver, muscle, cartil…
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Stimulates the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones by…
24 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine system not really finished
endocrine system: mediator molecules
endocrine system: site of mediator act…
endocrine system: types of target cells
endocrine system: time to onset of act…
hormones delivered to tissues throughout body by the blood
far from site of release; binds to receptors on or in target…
cells throughout the body
seconds to hours to days
endocrine system: mediator molecules
hormones delivered to tissues throughout body by the blood
endocrine system: site of mediator act…
far from site of release; binds to receptors on or in target…
71 terms
U4 Chapter 22 Endocrine System BLANKS
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
Neurotransmitters are [short/long] act…
The BLANK BLANK of the hypothalamus of…
neurotransmitters, hormones
close, postsynaptic, far, target
short, long
median eminence (inferior boundary), infundibulum
The mediator molecules of the nervous…
neurotransmitters, hormones
In the nervous system, the neurotransm…
close, postsynaptic, far, target
67 terms
KIN 2500 - Chapter 22- Endocrine System
Endocrine
Exocrine
Pituitary Gland: Infundibulum
Pituitary Gland: Hypothalamus
Secrete the hormone into the interstitial fluid and then the…
Secrete hormone into duct which will lead to body cavities, l…
Connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
-Body temp. ... -Hunger/thirst... -Fear/rage... -Sexual activity... -ANS
Endocrine
Secrete the hormone into the interstitial fluid and then the…
Exocrine
Secrete hormone into duct which will lead to body cavities, l…
41 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine
nervous system v. endocrine system
endocrine glands
pure endocrine glands
thyroid gland
long axons v. blood ... neurotransmitters v. hormones... fast actio…
hypothalamus ... pituitary... pineal gland ... thyroid ... parathyroid ... t…
only produce hormones ... - pituitary ... - pineal ... - thyroid... - pa…
2 lateral lobes + isthmus
nervous system v. endocrine system
long axons v. blood ... neurotransmitters v. hormones... fast actio…
endocrine glands
hypothalamus ... pituitary... pineal gland ... thyroid ... parathyroid ... t…
117 terms
Chapter 22 Endocrine System (final)
endocrinology
endocrine, blood stream
exocrine, lumen of an organ, body cavity
tears, sweat
_________: study of the endocrine system and diagnosis and tr…
__________: secretes hormones into interstitial fluid, then g…
__________: secretes hormones that end up on the outside of t…
Two examples of things produced by the exocrine system.
endocrinology
_________: study of the endocrine system and diagnosis and tr…
endocrine, blood stream
__________: secretes hormones into interstitial fluid, then g…
Chapter 22: The Integumentary System
acne vulgaris
albinism
alopecia
bacteremic
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
baldness or loss of hair
pertaining to bacteria in the blood stream
acne vulgaris
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
albinism
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
28 terms
Chapter 22: Respiratory System
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Septum
Nasal Conchae
Pharynx
Hollow space behind nose
Divides the nasal cavity into right an left halves
Bones that curl out from the sides of the nasal cavity; swirl…
Behind oral cavity; from nasal cavity to larynx
Nasal Cavity
Hollow space behind nose
Nasal Septum
Divides the nasal cavity into right an left halves
16 terms
Chapter 22 Human Reproduction & Endocrine Systems
Hormone
Testis
Sperm
Semen
The chemical produced by the endocrine system, released direc…
Male organ that produces sperm and tester one.
Haploid sex cell formed in the male reproductive organs; in h…
Mixture of sperm and a fluid that helps sperm move and suppli…
Hormone
The chemical produced by the endocrine system, released direc…
Testis
Male organ that produces sperm and tester one.
20 terms
SBS Chapter 22 Endocrine and Nervous System
Nine (9)
Four (4)
Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus and Adrenal
Thyroid Gland
There are _____ glands in the endocrine system
How many endocrine glands are included in the subsection
What four glands are included in the Endocrine System subsect…
gland composed of a right and left lobe on either side of the…
Nine (9)
There are _____ glands in the endocrine system
Four (4)
How many endocrine glands are included in the subsection
81 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine Sytem
Which two systems work together to coo…
How does the Nervous System control ho…
How does the Endocrine System control…
Neuroendocrine System... What is it made…
Nervous System and Endocrine System
Via nerve impulses that trigger the release of neurotransmitt…
By secreting hormones = messenger molecules into the bloodstr…
1. Neurons inhibit or stimulate the release of hormones... 2. So…
Which two systems work together to coo…
Nervous System and Endocrine System
How does the Nervous System control ho…
Via nerve impulses that trigger the release of neurotransmitt…
42 terms
Chapter 22 - Lymphatic System
Functions of the Lymphatic System
Lymph
Susceptibility
Organs of the lymphatic (immune) system
1. Drains interstitial fluid between body cells... 2. Returns pl…
Same composition as interstitial fluid but located in lymphat…
Lack of resistance
Lymphatic vessels, Lymphatic tissues (lymph nodes, tonsils/ad…
Functions of the Lymphatic System
1. Drains interstitial fluid between body cells... 2. Returns pl…
Lymph
Same composition as interstitial fluid but located in lymphat…
104 terms
Unit 9: Chapter 22 The Endocrine System
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
endocrine system
target cells
secreter their products into ducts that carry secretions into…
secrete their products into interstitial fluid surrounding th…
all endocrine glands and hormone-secreting cells.
given hormone travels throughout the body in the blood.
exocrine glands
secreter their products into ducts that carry secretions into…
endocrine glands
secrete their products into interstitial fluid surrounding th…
Chapter 22: The Integumentary System
acne vulgaris
albinism
alopecia
bacteremic
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
baldness or loss of hair
pertaining to bacteria in the blood stream
acne vulgaris
common skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cell…
albinism
inherited disorder that is indicated by the absence of the me…
24 terms
Earth Sci Chapter 22 - Sun and Solar System
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
Inertia
Gravity
A theory that states the sun and planets revolve around the e…
A theory that states the earth and other planets revolve arou…
The tendency of a moving object to continue moving that is at…
The attractive forces between two objects, its magnitude betw…
Geocentric Theory
A theory that states the sun and planets revolve around the e…
Heliocentric Theory
A theory that states the earth and other planets revolve arou…
21 terms
Chapter 22: The Nervous System
stimulus
response
neuron
nerve impulse
A change in an organism's surrounding that causes the organis…
An action or change in behavior that occurs as a result of a…
A cell that carries messages through the nervous system.
The message carried by a neuron
stimulus
A change in an organism's surrounding that causes the organis…
response
An action or change in behavior that occurs as a result of a…
45 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine Pathophysiology
Hyposecretion
Hypersecretion
Insensitivity
Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretio…
Low hormone levels
High hormone levels
...
= high ADH... - Increased water reabsorption in collecting duct…
Hyposecretion
Low hormone levels
Hypersecretion
High hormone levels
71 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine System - Exam 7
What two systems control the body?
What does the endocrine system do?
What is an example of the endocrine sy…
What does the exocrine system do?
Endocrine and nervous systems
Secretes things into interstitial fluid, then goes to the blo…
Hormones
Secretes things that end up on the outside of the body
What two systems control the body?
Endocrine and nervous systems
What does the endocrine system do?
Secretes things into interstitial fluid, then goes to the blo…
157 terms
Chapter 22: The Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
digestive functions
ingestion
continuous tube which food passes directly (oral cavity, phar…
-not part of alimentary canal... -assist in digestion in some wa…
basically get it to mouth in small pieces or liquid form, pro…
-occurs via mouth under normal conditions... -food and water are…
alimentary canal
continuous tube which food passes directly (oral cavity, phar…
accessory organs
-not part of alimentary canal... -assist in digestion in some wa…
178 terms
Chapter 22: digestive system
The alimentary canal include:
The accessory digestive organs include:
__________- taking food into digestive…
_________- swallowing & peristalsis
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
teeth, tongue, gallbladder, salivary glands, liver, & pancreas
ingestion
propulsion
The alimentary canal include:
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
The accessory digestive organs include:
teeth, tongue, gallbladder, salivary glands, liver, & pancreas
12 terms
Endocrine System Function: Chapter 22, unit 2
Endocrine system
Endocrine system
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Composed of ductless glands. Works with nervous system to con…
Uses hormones for slower systemic response
Uses impulses for rapid, localized response
No ducts, secretes hormones into interstitial fluid around ce…
Endocrine system
Composed of ductless glands. Works with nervous system to con…
Endocrine system
Uses hormones for slower systemic response
18 terms
Anatomy Exam 5; Chapter 22- Endocrine system
WHAT HORMONE/SUBSTANCE IS SECRETED BY…
Adrenal Cortex
Zona glomerulosa
Zona fasciculate
• Adrenal cortex... • Adrenal medulla
• Produces hormones that are essential for life... • 3 layers:…
outer zone. Produces mineralocorticoids (hormones that affect…
middle zone. Secrete glutocoritcoids like cortisol, which aff…
WHAT HORMONE/SUBSTANCE IS SECRETED BY…
• Adrenal cortex... • Adrenal medulla
Adrenal Cortex
• Produces hormones that are essential for life... • 3 layers:…
67 terms
Chapter 22 - Musculoskeletal System
How many bones are in the body?
What is a joint?
Non Synovial Joints
Synovial Joints
206
An articulation of two or more bones
Bones are united by fibrous tissue or cartilidge and are immo…
Freely movable because the bones are separated` from one anot…
How many bones are in the body?
206
What is a joint?
An articulation of two or more bones
76 terms
Chapter 22: Musculoskeletal System
musculoskeletal system
muscles
bones (206)
muscles (650)
provides stability and mobility necessary for physical activi…
variable size and strength; genetic, nutrition, exercise fact…
hard and rigid structure... protection (organs)... act as levers…
40-50% of the body's weight... allow for movement and position…
musculoskeletal system
provides stability and mobility necessary for physical activi…
muscles
variable size and strength; genetic, nutrition, exercise fact…
100 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine Disorders
Endocrine System
Difference between Endocrine and Nervo…
Endocrine
Hormones
System for regulating the production of hormones = developmen…
Nervous is short-lived and rapid
Between remote cells; influence cells at distant sites
Released by endocrine glands that circulate through the blood…
Endocrine System
System for regulating the production of hormones = developmen…
Difference between Endocrine and Nervo…
Nervous is short-lived and rapid
13 terms
Chapter 22: Endocrine and Hematologic
Polydipsia
Polyphagia
Polyuria
Thyromegaly
Excessive thirst
Excessive eating
Excessive urination
Abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
Polydipsia
Excessive thirst
Polyphagia
Excessive eating
18 terms
Anatomy Exam 5; Chapter 22- Endocrine system
WHAT HORMONE/SUBSTANCE IS SECRETED BY…
Adrenal Cortex
Zona glomerulosa
Zona fasciculate
• Adrenal cortex... • Adrenal medulla
• Produces hormones that are essential for life... • 3 layers:…
outer zone. Produces mineralocorticoids (hormones that affect…
middle zone. Secrete glutocoritcoids like cortisol, which aff…
WHAT HORMONE/SUBSTANCE IS SECRETED BY…
• Adrenal cortex... • Adrenal medulla
Adrenal Cortex
• Produces hormones that are essential for life... • 3 layers:…
25 terms
ESS - Vocabulary Chapter 22 - Touring Our Solar System
Nebular Theory
Solar Nebula
Planetesimal
Protoplanet
the basic idea that the Sun and planets formed from the same…
the cloud of interstellar gas and/or dust from which the bodi…
a solid celestial body that accumulated during the first stag…
a developing planetary body that grows by the accumulation of…
Nebular Theory
the basic idea that the Sun and planets formed from the same…
Solar Nebula
the cloud of interstellar gas and/or dust from which the bodi…
16 terms
Chapter 22 Resp System
Clavicle
Scapula
Humerus
Radius
Clavicle
Scapula
126 terms
Chapter 22- Respiratory System
Nasal cavity
Nasal meatuses
Larynx
Cricoid cartilage
Nasal cavity
Nasal meatuses
Chapter 22: Respiratory System
ATP
Phases of Gas Exchange
Why must air go to the heart before ci…
Respiratory system
requires oxygen and produces carbon dioxide; drives the need…
1) Breathing... 2) Transport of gasses by circulatory system... 3)…
so that it can be pumped!
consists of tubes that deliver air to the lungs
ATP
requires oxygen and produces carbon dioxide; drives the need…
Phases of Gas Exchange
1) Breathing... 2) Transport of gasses by circulatory system... 3)…
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