How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "endocrine system human physiology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "endocrine system human physiology"

28 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Tropic Hormones
Non-Tropic Hormones
-Composed of ductless glands that produce hormones
-Regulatory chemicals that are secreted either into bloodstre…
-Act on another endocrine gland to produce a hormone that aff…
-Non-tropic hormones act directly on a target cell
Endocrine System
-Composed of ductless glands that produce hormones
Hormones
-Regulatory chemicals that are secreted either into bloodstre…
72 terms
Human Physiology Endocrine System
endocrine system
structures associated with endocrine s…
hormones
effects hormones have on the body
second major controlling system in the body
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
chemical messengers
-growth and development... -reproduction... -defense against stress…
endocrine system
second major controlling system in the body
structures associated with endocrine s…
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
20 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
Catecholamines
Polypeptides
Steroids
Neurotransmitters
epinephrine (adrenal glands)
Insulin
Testosterone
released from neurons into synaptic clefts
Catecholamines
epinephrine (adrenal glands)
Polypeptides
Insulin
22 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Hormones
Ductless Glands
Tropic hormones
Process where organism regulates their body.
Chemicals released by endocrine system.
Also called endocrine glands; they release hormones.
Stimulate other glands to release hormones
Homeostasis
Process where organism regulates their body.
Hormones
Chemicals released by endocrine system.
101 terms
Human Physiology - The Endocrine System
Direct Communication
Ligands
Indirect Communication
Functional Classifications of Chemical…
Occurs via gap junctions
Molecules released from one cell that affects another cell by…
Occurs via chemical messengers
Paracrines, Autocrines, Neurotransmitters, and Hormones
Direct Communication
Occurs via gap junctions
Ligands
Molecules released from one cell that affects another cell by…
90 terms
Human Physiology - The Endocrine System
Endocrine System: Hormones
Endocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
- The second of the body's major signaling system ... - Longer d…
Secrete hormones
Ductless glands that release their secretory products into th…
Secrete their products into a duct, from where the secretions…
Endocrine System: Hormones
- The second of the body's major signaling system ... - Longer d…
Endocrine glands
Secrete hormones
30 terms
Human physiology endocrine system
Expcrine
Cortiosl
Target
Endocrine
Glands thay scereg products into ducts
Glucocorticoid; influences metabolism in response to stressfu…
Type of cells that hormones affect
One of two hormones that works to regular body metabolism
Expcrine
Glands thay scereg products into ducts
Cortiosl
Glucocorticoid; influences metabolism in response to stressfu…
85 terms
Endocrine System: Human Physiology
Hormones
Processes under hormonal regulation
a hormone can
Modes of Hormone action
regulate physiology and behavior, chemical signals released i…
growth, developmnent, metabolism, reproduction, control of en…
affect many different tissues like glucagon: adipose, liver,…
control of molecule transport across membrane ex. insulin, co…
Hormones
regulate physiology and behavior, chemical signals released i…
Processes under hormonal regulation
growth, developmnent, metabolism, reproduction, control of en…
70 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
endocrine system
exocrine system
endocrine glands
neurohormone
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
secretes out of the body
secrete into bloodstream into target cells with receptors
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
endocrine system
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
exocrine system
secretes out of the body
22 terms
Human Physiology, Endocrine System
Hormones
Pituitary gland
exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Glands that secrete substances into bloodstream
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Pituitary gland
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
81 terms
Endocrine system (Human Physiology)
Neural Mechanisms
Endocrine Mechanisms
Endocrine glands are
Endocrine mechanisms control things ov…
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
ductless (secrete directly into circulation)
growth/maturation, water/electrolyte balance, circulation met…
Neural Mechanisms
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
Endocrine Mechanisms
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
17 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
started on slide 27
Cortisol lowers your:
The destruction of cells of the adrena…
Primary adrenal insufficiecy from any…
...
Immune function
Autoimmune attack
Addison's disease
started on slide 27
...
Cortisol lowers your:
Immune function
10 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
What are some characteristics of hormo…
How are hormones activated?
Second-messenger mediated cascasde
HRE-mediated
>In almost every organ system... >Minority= only release hormone…
1. Second-messenger mediated cascade... 2. HRE-mediated (hormone…
Peptide hormones... cAMP... IP3
Steroid hormones
What are some characteristics of hormo…
>In almost every organ system... >Minority= only release hormone…
How are hormones activated?
1. Second-messenger mediated cascade... 2. HRE-mediated (hormone…
61 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
Thyroid gland
Thyroid hormones
Thyroxine & Triiodothyronine
Thyrotropin (TSH)
2 lobes joined by isthmus. Location: neck, anterolateral to e…
Thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin
Released and converted to triiodothyronine by target cell to…
produced by pituitary to regulate Thyroid hormones
Thyroid gland
2 lobes joined by isthmus. Location: neck, anterolateral to e…
Thyroid hormones
Thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin
118 terms
Human physiology Endocrine system
What are hormones?
Differences between Endocrine and Exoc…
General Mechanism of hormone action
For a peptide hormone the general mech…
Chemicals released into the blood that signal biological proc…
Endocrine organs: thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid... Exocrine org…
1. Hormone traveling in blood binds to the receptor of a targ…
It can't enter the cell through phospholipid bilayers, binds…
What are hormones?
Chemicals released into the blood that signal biological proc…
Differences between Endocrine and Exoc…
Endocrine organs: thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid... Exocrine org…
19 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
What are the core differences between…
What are endocrine glands?
What is endocrine up-regulation? What…
What are the two classes of hormones?…
Nervous System:... Direct and Fast Signalling (ex. Text a friend…
Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones... e…
Up-regulation:... When the hormone concentration is deficient, m…
Lipid Soluble Hormones:... Steroid, ex. aldosterone, cortisol,…
What are the core differences between…
Nervous System:... Direct and Fast Signalling (ex. Text a friend…
What are endocrine glands?
Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones... e…
21 terms
Human Physiology/The Endocrine System
Hypothalamic releasing and inhibiting…
Antidiuretic
Oxytocin
Thyroid Stimulating
Hypothalamus
Posterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Hypothalamic releasing and inhibiting…
Hypothalamus
Antidiuretic
Posterior Pituitary
17 terms
human physiology- the endocrine system
what is homeostasis
what is controlled by homeostasis
what is negative feedback
where in the body detects a change in…
maintaining the internal environment between narrow limits
blood pH, co2 conc, blood glucose conc, body temp and water b…
when a variable deviated from the norm, the mechanism returns…
islets of langerhans in the pancreas
what is homeostasis
maintaining the internal environment between narrow limits
what is controlled by homeostasis
blood pH, co2 conc, blood glucose conc, body temp and water b…
111 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine system
ORGANIZATION OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Endocrine glands are
how the endocrinal glands are distribu…
In the endocrine system, secreting cel…
1. The endocrine and nervous systems function to achieve and…
1. "ductless glands"... 2. many are made of *glandular epitheliu…
Glands of the endocrine system are widely scattered throughou…
the blood to specific target cells contained in target tissue…
ORGANIZATION OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
1. The endocrine and nervous systems function to achieve and…
Endocrine glands are
1. "ductless glands"... 2. many are made of *glandular epitheliu…
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Nervous and Endocrine Systems
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
brain
spinal cord
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
This sysstem spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edg…
The three parts of the brain are the cerebrum, cerebellum and…
part of the CNS and the connection to the PNS
central nervous system (CNS)
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
This sysstem spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edg…
43 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine and Nervous System
Regulatory Systems
Ductless (endocrine) glands
Tropic Hormones
Hypothalamus
Endocrine and Nervous system release chemicals that regulate…
Secretes hormones that move through blood to specific target…
-Hormones that stimulate other glands to release hormones (ha…
Located in Brain, bridge between the endocrine and nervous sy…
Regulatory Systems
Endocrine and Nervous system release chemicals that regulate…
Ductless (endocrine) glands
Secretes hormones that move through blood to specific target…
44 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland
Target Cell
Hormone
Works with the nervous system to direct and coordinate cell a…
Ductless gland or cluster of cells release their hormones dir…
A hormone affects only certain tissue cells or organs referre…
Chemicals made and secreted by endocrine glands. They bind to…
Endocrine System
Works with the nervous system to direct and coordinate cell a…
Endocrine Gland
Ductless gland or cluster of cells release their hormones dir…
80 terms
Nervous and Endocrine System (Human Physiology)
Nervous system referred to as
Endocrine system referred to as
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
wired system used for rapid communication
wireless system that is slower but more precise, used for lon…
structures of vertebral column and brain
spinal nerve branches (31 pairs) and the beginning of those b…
Nervous system referred to as
wired system used for rapid communication
Endocrine system referred to as
wireless system that is slower but more precise, used for lon…
25 terms
Human Physiology: Homeostasis and Endocrine System
What's physiology?
What are the 4 parts of cellular organ…
What's a tissue?
What are the 4 types of tissues?
The study of life and living processes
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system
A group of cell with related function
Muscle, nervous, connective, epithelium
What's physiology?
The study of life and living processes
What are the 4 parts of cellular organ…
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system
61 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11 - Endocrine System
Hormones
List the classes of hormones
Amines
Polypeptides
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
hormones derived from amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan. Se…
composed of chains of amino acids that contain fewer than 100…
Hormones
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
List the classes of hormones
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
55 terms
Human Physiology, Introduction to the Endocrine system
Hormones
Hormones change...
Ectohormones
Paracrine
-Chemicals secreted by endocrine cells (Sectretory epithelia)…
-Rates of enzymatic reactions... -Transport of ions across a mem…
-Secreted outside of the animal... -Pheromones
-Signaling to nearby cells
Hormones
-Chemicals secreted by endocrine cells (Sectretory epithelia)…
Hormones change...
-Rates of enzymatic reactions... -Transport of ions across a mem…
27 terms
Human Physiology Midterm: Endocrine System
feedback mechanisms-positive
feedback mechanisms-negative
homeostasis
what part of the brain is responsible…
changes in a variable in one direction is continually promote…
changes in a variable in one direction brings about a respons…
maintaining a constant state
the hypothalamus
feedback mechanisms-positive
changes in a variable in one direction is continually promote…
feedback mechanisms-negative
changes in a variable in one direction brings about a respons…
21 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine system, Human anatomy&Physiology
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
The major Endocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal gland, fat tissuem…
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
65 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System 1[Part 1]
The endocrine system serves as an ____…
___ is a tissue/organ that secretes pr…
____ serve as messengers, controlling…
What are the 4 diverse processes that…
extrinsic; all
gland
hormones
1) Growth & Development... 2) Reproduction & Sexual Characterist…
The endocrine system serves as an ____…
extrinsic; all
___ is a tissue/organ that secretes pr…
gland
153 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System Exam 3
What are the sections of the pituitary…
What is the posterior pituitary
What ist he anterior pituitary
What is the stalk that connects the pi…
anterior... posterior
extension of the neural tissue
endocrine gland of the epithelial origin
infundibulum
What are the sections of the pituitary…
anterior... posterior
What is the posterior pituitary
extension of the neural tissue
45 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology CH 15 (Endocrine System)
Functions of the Endocrine System
Define Endocrine Gland:
Define Hormone:
Describe the means by which hormones a…
Metabolism/Tissue Maturation, Ion Regulation, Water Balance,…
Gland that secretes chemical messengers into blood.
Substance secreted by endocrine tissues into the blood that a…
Hormones are transported by blood to their target tissues; ho…
Functions of the Endocrine System
Metabolism/Tissue Maturation, Ion Regulation, Water Balance,…
Define Endocrine Gland:
Gland that secretes chemical messengers into blood.
76 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System part 2 (classical endocrine glands)
The pancreas functions as both an exoc…
The endocrine portion of the pancreas…
There are four major cell types of isl…
Alpha cells secrete _________. The per…
A gland that secrete hormones into the circulation rather tha…
islets of langerhans
1) Alpha... 2) Beta... 3) Delta... 4) F cells
glucagon; 25%
The pancreas functions as both an exoc…
A gland that secrete hormones into the circulation rather tha…
The endocrine portion of the pancreas…
islets of langerhans
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Nervous and Endocrine Systems
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
brain
spinal cord
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
This system spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edge…
The three parts of the brain are the cerebrum, cerebellum and…
part of the CNS and the connection to the PNS
central nervous system (CNS)
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
This system spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edge…
17 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 9, Endocrine System
Endocrine System Functions
Endocrine system secretion
Stimuli activate hormones
Glands of the Endocrine System
Through hormones, it stimulates:... Long Term growth... Developemen…
Instead of secreted hormones through neurons like the Nervous…
Hormonal: ... Most common, Endocrine organs are called into acti…
Hypothalamus... Pineal Gland... Pituitary Gland = master gland, sec…
Endocrine System Functions
Through hormones, it stimulates:... Long Term growth... Developemen…
Endocrine system secretion
Instead of secreted hormones through neurons like the Nervous…
8 terms
Topic 11 Human Physiology - Endocrine System
Responses to overheating
Responses to chilling
Responses to high blood glucose levels
Responses to low blood glucose levels
...
...
Beta cells produce insulin in pancreatic islets. Insulin caus…
Alpha cells in pancreatic islets release glucagon. Glucagon c…
Responses to overheating
...
Responses to chilling
...
41 terms
Human Physiology 4/8/16 Endocrine System
D
monovalent cation channels
Peptides and catecholamines
nicotinic receptors
hydrophilic
D
monovalent cation channels
nicotinic receptors
66 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 17: Endocrine System
coordination of cell activities
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
heart muscle
rapid, quick change
Overall cell communication is based on what?
What are the four principle mechanisms of communication betwe…
What is an example of a gap junction?
Neurotransmitters create what kind of change?
coordination of cell activities
Overall cell communication is based on what?
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
What are the four principle mechanisms of communication betwe…
57 terms
Human Physiology 4/6/16 Endocrine System
beta 2
acetylcholine
alpha 1
Compared to norepinephrine, epinephrine has a greater affinit…
nicotinic receptor and muscarinic receptor
norepinephrine has a greater affinity for which receptor?
beta 2
Compared to norepinephrine, epinephrine has a greater affinit…
acetylcholine
nicotinic receptor and muscarinic receptor
81 terms
Human physiology ch 7 endocrine system
Pituitary Hormone
Rate of enzymatic reactions, transport…
Hormonal control
Endocrine system
Chemical messenger secreted into blood that then move to targ…
Hormones act on target cells by controlling
Growth, development, metabolism and regulation of internal en…
Coordinates body function through synthesis and release of re…
Pituitary Hormone
Chemical messenger secreted into blood that then move to targ…
Rate of enzymatic reactions, transport…
Hormones act on target cells by controlling
40 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology - Endocrine System
ductless glands
tropic hormones
pheromones
hypothalamus
endocrine glands that produce hormones that then move through…
hormones that stimulate other glands to release hormones; can…
chemical substance produced and released into the environment…
located in the brain; the bridge between the endocrine and th…
ductless glands
endocrine glands that produce hormones that then move through…
tropic hormones
hormones that stimulate other glands to release hormones; can…
72 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
endocrine glands
exocrine organs
hormones
steroids
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
chemical signals that are produced by endocrine glands and th…
the type of hormones that includes the sex hormones
endocrine glands
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
exocrine organs
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
16 terms
Human Physiology- The Endocrine System and Nervous System
trophic hormones (action)
hypothalmus is in
the hypothalmus (action)
lipid and steroids bind to receptors
stimulate other glands to release hormones
the brain
connect the endocrine and nervous system
in the cell
trophic hormones (action)
stimulate other glands to release hormones
hypothalmus is in
the brain
32 terms
Chapter 15: Human Physiology - Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Endocrine System
Hormones
Ductless Glands
The property of a system in which variables are regulated so…
Body system that secretes hormones
Biochemicals that move through the blood to a specific target…
Where hormones are produced
Homeostasis
The property of a system in which variables are regulated so…
Endocrine System
Body system that secretes hormones
24 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
Hormones
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
What makes a chemical a hormone?
Hormone release follows basic pattern…
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
Secreted by a discrete and identifiable cell or group of cell…
Stimulus... Sensor... Signal Input... Signal Integration... Signal Output…
Hormones
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
91 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 9: The Endocrine System
Nervous
Endocrine
Structures associated with the endocri…
Hormones
The number one controlling system of the body
The second controlling system of the body
Pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gla…
growth developed reproduction
Nervous
The number one controlling system of the body
Endocrine
The second controlling system of the body
17 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 23: Endocrine System
Adrenal Gland secretes _____ from the…
Corticosteroid cortisol
Cortisol's many effects
Hypercortisolism
cortex secretes glucocorticoids (along with aldosterone and s…
released as part of the HPA and increases glucose availabilit…
immune system function suppressed, liver is told to do glucon…
- adrenal or pituitary tumor, or iatrogenic... - excess gluconeo…
Adrenal Gland secretes _____ from the…
cortex secretes glucocorticoids (along with aldosterone and s…
Corticosteroid cortisol
released as part of the HPA and increases glucose availabilit…
84 terms
Human Physiology and Anatomy: Endocrine System Test
what is the function of the endocrine…
what kinds of processes do hormones co…
where are hormones produced?
how do the endocrine glands secrete ho…
the endocrine systems one of the body's two communication sys…
1. reproduction and growth development... 2. mobilization of bod…
hormones are produced in the endocrine glands
endocrine glands are ductless and secrete hormones into extra…
what is the function of the endocrine…
the endocrine systems one of the body's two communication sys…
what kinds of processes do hormones co…
1. reproduction and growth development... 2. mobilization of bod…
13 terms
Chapter 11: Human Physiology: Endocrine System
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD…
Hypothalamus
Antidiuretic hormone
Positive feedback
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD FAR AWAY OR SOMETIMES…
BRIDGE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE & NERVOUS SYSTEMS; during stress, se…
increases water retention by kidneys, helps regulate blood os…
enhances an already existing response
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD…
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD FAR AWAY OR SOMETIMES…
Hypothalamus
BRIDGE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE & NERVOUS SYSTEMS; during stress, se…
83 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17 Endocrine System
B. more widespread and long-lasting ef…
E. All choices are correct
D. Recovery time: rapid, immediate ret…
E. posterior to the thyroid gland.
Compared to the nervous system, the endocrine system has: ... A.…
Endocrine glands: ... A. are ductless glands. ... B. are the organs…
Which is not characteristic of the endocrine system? ... A. Effe…
The parathyroid glands are located: ... A. just below the thalam…
B. more widespread and long-lasting ef…
Compared to the nervous system, the endocrine system has: ... A.…
E. All choices are correct
Endocrine glands: ... A. are ductless glands. ... B. are the organs…
26 terms
Human Physiology 4/18/16 Endocrine System
-in front of airways... -give patient rad…
-rim--> follicular cells ... -inside is a…
solution that has protein suspended in…
Thyroid gland
Thyroid follicles
colloid
-in front of airways... -give patient rad…
Thyroid gland
-rim--> follicular cells ... -inside is a…
Thyroid follicles
1 of 10