Study sets matching "endocrine system terms chapter 9"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "endocrine system terms chapter 9"

Chapter 9- Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid-based molecules
steroids
System of the body that coordinates and directs the activity…
chemical messengers
chemical classification of hormones including proteins, pepti…
chemical classification of hormones made from cholesterol
endocrine system
System of the body that coordinates and directs the activity…
hormones
chemical messengers
54 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid gland
Posterior: oxytocin, ADH... Anterior:GH, PRL, tropic hormones (T…
Melatonin
Releasing hormone, inhibiting hormone => pituitary gland;... Oxy…
Thyroxine (T4), tridothyronine (T3) ... The body's major metabol…
Pituitary gland
Posterior: oxytocin, ADH... Anterior:GH, PRL, tropic hormones (T…
Pineal gland
Melatonin
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o... adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o... adrenal/o
adrenal gland
25 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine and Nervous System Med Terms
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
calc/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
calcium
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
47 terms
chapter 9: endocrine system
What is the difference between the ner…
___ are chemical substances secreted b…
Name 3 processes controlled by hormones
The classification of hormones that ar…
Nervous system=speed endocrine= slow
hormones
reproduction, growth/development, regulating cellular metabol…
steroids
What is the difference between the ner…
Nervous system=speed endocrine= slow
___ are chemical substances secreted b…
hormones
7 terms
Ch 9 Endocrine System Anatomy
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
thymus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
produces cells for immune system
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
thyroid
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
Ch 9 Endocrine System Terms
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid based hormones
steroids
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
include proteins, peptides, amino acids and other forms that…
Many of this type of lipid serve as chemical messengers or as…
endocrine system
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
hormones
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Chapter 9 - Endocrine System
aden/o
adreno/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adreno/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
116 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Adeno
Adreno
Andro
Crino
Gland
Adrenal Gland
Male
To Secrete
Adeno
Gland
Adreno
Adrenal Gland
Chapter 9 The Endocrine System
ad-
anti-
endo-
exo-
toward
against, opposing
within
outside, away from
ad-
toward
anti-
against, opposing
45 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
The slowly acting endocrine system use…
-Reproduction... -Growth and development…
Hormones are produced by __________ ce…
_____ secrete hormones into extracellu…
hormones
hormones
specilaized
Cells
The slowly acting endocrine system use…
hormones
-Reproduction... -Growth and development…
hormones
Chapter 9 Endocrine System Terms
Endocrine System
Hormones
Amino acid-based molecules
Steroids
Regulates body by secreting hormones into the bloodstream; al…
Chemical messenger
Ex:Proteins, peptides, and amines.
Made from cholesterol
Endocrine System
Regulates body by secreting hormones into the bloodstream; al…
Hormones
Chemical messenger
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Adrenal Cortex
Pineal gland
This has 2 lobes and 2 hormones: calcitonin and thyroid hormone
secretes parathyroid hormone: osteoclasts to remove Ca+ from…
Mineralocortcodis, glucoorticodis, and sex hormones
secretes melatonin
Thyroid gland
This has 2 lobes and 2 hormones: calcitonin and thyroid hormone
Parathyroid glands
secretes parathyroid hormone: osteoclasts to remove Ca+ from…
Chapter 9: The endocrine system
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid hormones
steroid hormones
2nd great controlling system of the body
chemical substances that are secreted by endocrine cells
proteins, peptides & amines
sex & adrenal hormones
endocrine system
2nd great controlling system of the body
hormones
chemical substances that are secreted by endocrine cells
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/0
adren/0 adrenal/0
andr/0
crin/0
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/0
gland
adren/0 adrenal/0
adrenal gland
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
51 terms
Med Term - Chapter 9: Endocrine System
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
aden/o
adrenal gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
35 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Hormone
Hormones control what major processes?
Amino Acid-based Hormones
Steroids
A molecule within the body that functions as a chemical messe…
Reproduction, growth and development, mobilization of body de…
Proteins, peptides, and amines all fit into this category.
A category of hormones made from cholesterol. These hormones…
Hormone
A molecule within the body that functions as a chemical messe…
Hormones control what major processes?
Reproduction, growth and development, mobilization of body de…
91 terms
Med Terms Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
30 terms
Chapter 9 -> The Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Addison's Disease
Adrenal Glands
Androgens
Results from hypersecretion of GH during adulthood; leads to…
Results from hyposecretion of adrenal hormones; bronze skin t…
Endocrine glands that sit on the top of the kidneys.
Another name for male sex hormones.
Acromegaly
Results from hypersecretion of GH during adulthood; leads to…
Addison's Disease
Results from hyposecretion of adrenal hormones; bronze skin t…
82 terms
Med Terms Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Aden/o
Adren/o... Adrenal/o
Andr/o
Crin/o
Gland
Adrenal gland
Male
To secrete
Aden/o
Gland
Adren/o... Adrenal/o
Adrenal gland
46 terms
Chapter 9 Med Terms: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenaline gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenaline gland
38 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System - Anatomic Terms
adrenal glands (suprarenal glands)
steroid hormones
glucocorticoids
mineral corticosteroids
located on the superior surface of each kidney; the adrenal c…
hormones created by the adrenal cortex
regulate carbohydrate metabolism and have anti-inflammatory e…
maintain salt and water balance
adrenal glands (suprarenal glands)
located on the superior surface of each kidney; the adrenal c…
steroid hormones
hormones created by the adrenal cortex
Chapter 9: The Endocrine System Howell Terms
Endocrine System
Hormones
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
1) Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones... 2) Reg…
Chemicals secreted into the blood to perform functions
Secrete products into ducts that empty onto a surface or a ca…
Ductless glands that secrete hormones
Endocrine System
1) Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones... 2) Reg…
Hormones
Chemicals secreted into the blood to perform functions
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/o
adrenal/o
adren/o
calc/o
gland
adrenal gland
adrenal gland
calcium
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
91 terms
Med Terms Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
Chapter 9- Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid-based molecules
steroids
System of the body that coordinates and directs the activity…
chemical messengers
chemical classification of hormones including proteins, pepti…
chemical classification of hormones made from cholesterol
endocrine system
System of the body that coordinates and directs the activity…
hormones
chemical messengers
82 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine and Nervous System
aden/o
adren/o adrenal/o
calc/o
gluc/o, glyc/o
gland
adrenal glands
calcium
sugar, sweetness
aden/o
gland
adren/o adrenal/o
adrenal glands
6 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland
Exocrine Gland
Hormone
Hormonal Stimuli
ductless glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
have ducts that carry their secretory product to a surface, l…
chemical substances secreted by cells extracellular fluids, t…
endocrine glands are activated by other hormones
Endocrine Gland
ductless glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
Exocrine Gland
have ducts that carry their secretory product to a surface, l…
50 terms
Endocrine system Chapter 9
where do the endocrine organs secrete…
is the endocrine system slow or fast
hormone
fat soluable hormones
into epithellal tissue
slow
chemical substance secreted by endocrine cells
fat lipids, steroid, cholestrol
where do the endocrine organs secrete…
into epithellal tissue
is the endocrine system slow or fast
slow
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormones
hormone activity
control of hormone release
-second controlling system of body (first=NS), slower acting…
-produced by endocrine cells... -endocrine cells secrete hormone…
-hormones affect only certain tissues or organs (target cells…
-hormone levels in blood maintained by mostly negative feedba…
endocrine system
-second controlling system of body (first=NS), slower acting…
hormones
-produced by endocrine cells... -endocrine cells secrete hormone…
Chapter 9 (Endocrine System)
endocrine system
glands
hormones
neuroendocrine system
consists of glands and hormones
organs or clusters of specialty cells
substances (chemicals) secreted by the glands that travel thr…
nervous and endocrine system operating togethering
endocrine system
consists of glands and hormones
glands
organs or clusters of specialty cells
18 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormones
prostaglandins
negative feedback mechanisms
acts to coordinate and direct the activity if the body's cell…
controls reproduction; growth and development; mobilization o…
made from highly active lipids found in the plasma membrane
regulates blood levels of nearly all hormones
endocrine system
acts to coordinate and direct the activity if the body's cell…
hormones
controls reproduction; growth and development; mobilization o…
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Chemoreceptor
Cochlea
Cornea
Sensory receptor that is stimulated by certain chemicals
Coiled portion of the inner ear containing the receptors for…
Transparent window through which light enters the eye
Chemoreceptor
Sensory receptor that is stimulated by certain chemicals
Cochlea
Coiled portion of the inner ear containing the receptors for…
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
endocrinology
hormonal stimuli
Humoral stimuli
Neural stimuli
study of hormones and endocrine organs
endocrine organs are activated by other hormones
changing blood levels of certain ions and nutrients stimulate…
nerve impulses stimulate hormone release.
endocrinology
study of hormones and endocrine organs
hormonal stimuli
endocrine organs are activated by other hormones
29 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Uses for the Endocrine... System
The Endocrine system does everything s…
Hormones
Target tissue
-Communication ... -Maintaining homeostasis
Communication is slower to start, is less specific as to its…
Chemicals that travel to their target tissue and tell them to…
Has receptors for a hormone based shaped
Uses for the Endocrine... System
-Communication ... -Maintaining homeostasis
The Endocrine system does everything s…
Communication is slower to start, is less specific as to its…
76 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/o
adrenal/o
adren/o
calc/o
gland
adrenal gland
adrenal gland
calcium
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal gland
adrenal gland
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal gland
Chapter 9- Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal gland
83 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
ad-
anti-
endo-
ex-
toward
against, opposing
within
outside, away from
ad-
toward
anti-
against, opposing
22 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/o
adrenal/o... adren/o
calc/o
gluc/o... glyc/o
gland
adrenal gland
calcium
sugar, glucose
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o... adren/o
adrenal gland
22 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine system
endocrine system
hormones
steroids
negative feedback
body system that includes internal organs to secrete hormones
chemical messengers secreted by endocrine glands; responsible…
a specific group of chemical substances including certain hor…
feedback that causes the stimulus to decline or end
endocrine system
body system that includes internal organs to secrete hormones
hormones
chemical messengers secreted by endocrine glands; responsible…
22 terms
Chapter 9-- Endocrine System
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
Growth Hormone (GH)
anterior pituitary
Prolactin (PRL)
anterior pituitary
33 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Hormone Action
Pituitary
Anterior lobe
Posterior lobe
Chemical messenger; circulate to all organs
Workhorse of endocrine (anterior & posterior)
Made by pituitary (GH, prolactin, MSH, TSH, LH, FSH, ACTH)
Made by hypothalamus; ADH, Oxytocin
Hormone Action
Chemical messenger; circulate to all organs
Pituitary
Workhorse of endocrine (anterior & posterior)
105 terms
Med Term Chapter 9 Endocrine and Nervous System
adren/o
adrenal/o
pancreat/o
calc/o
adrenal
adrenal
pancreas
calcium
adren/o
adrenal
adrenal/o
adrenal
14 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine glands
Pineal Gland
Melatonin... ​
Secrete substances into a duct that deposits them at a specif…
Secretes hormones that diffuse into the blood
Secretes melatonin... ​
Involved in maintaining circadian rhythms (sleep/wake cycles)
Exocrine Glands
Secrete substances into a duct that deposits them at a specif…
Endocrine glands
Secretes hormones that diffuse into the blood
16 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Describe the difference between endocr…
Explain: function of hormones
Explain how hormones are transported t…
Hormone target organ, target cells and…
Endocrine: Go though ducts in the skin... Exocrine: Through bloo…
-Reproduction... -Growth and development... - Mobilizing body defen…
They are transported throughout the bloodstream
Target Cells: A given hormone affects only certain tissue cel…
Describe the difference between endocr…
Endocrine: Go though ducts in the skin... Exocrine: Through bloo…
Explain: function of hormones
-Reproduction... -Growth and development... - Mobilizing body defen…
33 terms
Endocrine System: Chapter 9
endocrine system
endocrine system is composed of
hormones
processes controlled by hormones
coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cells
ductless glands
chemical messengers which are released directly into the bloo…
reproduction... growth and development... mobilizing body defenses…
endocrine system
coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cells
endocrine system is composed of
ductless glands
111 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o... adrenal/o
adnr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o... adrenal/o
adrenal gland
Chapter 9 endocrine system
Gland that produces thymuson
Produces melatonin
Produces testosterone
Produce Catecholamine
F thumus
Pineal A
J
Adrenal G
Gland that produces thymuson
F thumus
Produces melatonin
Pineal A
1 of 10