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Study sets matching "endocrine system terms chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "endocrine system terms chapter 9"

62 terms
MT Chapter 9 Key Terms - Endocrine System
Signs and Symptoms
acidosis
exophthalmos
goiter
...
acidic waste material buildup; seen in DM, respiratory, and k…
eyes away from/outside (eyes protruding out of socket)
abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland due to tumor, lack…
Signs and Symptoms
...
acidosis
acidic waste material buildup; seen in DM, respiratory, and k…
80 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System Terms
Endocrine System
Hormones
Amino acid-based molecules
Steroids
Regulates body by secreting hormones into the bloodstream; al…
Chemical messenger
Ex:Proteins, peptides, and amines.
Made from cholesterol
Endocrine System
Regulates body by secreting hormones into the bloodstream; al…
Hormones
Chemical messenger
7 terms
Ch 9 Endocrine System Anatomy
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
thymus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
produces cells for immune system
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
thyroid
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
54 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid gland
Posterior: oxytocin, ADH... Anterior:GH, PRL, tropic hormones (T…
Melatonin
Releasing hormone, inhibiting hormone => pituitary gland;... Oxy…
Thyroxine (T4), tridothyronine (T3) ... The body's major metabol…
Pituitary gland
Posterior: oxytocin, ADH... Anterior:GH, PRL, tropic hormones (T…
Pineal gland
Melatonin
52 terms
A&P chapter 9 endocrine system
Chemoreceptors
3 Chemical Hormone Classification
5 Ways Hormones Effect their Target Cell
Two Mechanisms That Hormones Use to Ch…
Are the receptors that respond to chemicals in solution. As s…
- Amino acid-based (proteins, peptides, amines)... - Steroids (m…
1. Change in plasma membrane permeability or electrical state…
-Direct Gene Activity ... -Secondary messenger System
Chemoreceptors
Are the receptors that respond to chemicals in solution. As s…
3 Chemical Hormone Classification
- Amino acid-based (proteins, peptides, amines)... - Steroids (m…
25 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine and Nervous System Med Terms
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
calc/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
calcium
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
38 terms
Chapter 9 The Endocrine System
ad-
anti-
endo-
exo-
toward
against, opposing
within
outside, away from
ad-
toward
anti-
against, opposing
151 terms
Medical Term Chapter9- Nervous & Endocrine System
Nervous System
Brain
Spinal cord
Cranial nerves
Central nervous system (CNS): brain spinal cord; Peripheral n…
Center for memory, emotion, thought, judgment, reasoning, and…
Transmits sensory impulses from the body o the brain; transmi…
12 pairs that emerge from the brainstem; name for each pair t…
Nervous System
Central nervous system (CNS): brain spinal cord; Peripheral n…
Brain
Center for memory, emotion, thought, judgment, reasoning, and…
45 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
The slowly acting endocrine system use…
-Reproduction... -Growth and development…
Hormones are produced by __________ ce…
_____ secrete hormones into extracellu…
hormones
hormones
specilaized
Cells
The slowly acting endocrine system use…
hormones
-Reproduction... -Growth and development…
hormones
37 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Adrenal Cortex
Pineal gland
This has 2 lobes and 2 hormones: calcitonin and thyroid hormone
secretes parathyroid hormone: osteoclasts to remove Ca+ from…
Mineralocortcodis, glucoorticodis, and sex hormones
secretes melatonin
Thyroid gland
This has 2 lobes and 2 hormones: calcitonin and thyroid hormone
Parathyroid glands
secretes parathyroid hormone: osteoclasts to remove Ca+ from…
47 terms
chapter 9: endocrine system
What is the difference between the ner…
___ are chemical substances secreted b…
Name 3 processes controlled by hormones
The classification of hormones that ar…
Nervous system=speed endocrine= slow
hormones
reproduction, growth/development, regulating cellular metabol…
steroids
What is the difference between the ner…
Nervous system=speed endocrine= slow
___ are chemical substances secreted b…
hormones
86 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o... adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o... adrenal/o
adrenal gland
47 terms
chapter 9: endocrine system
What is the difference between the ner…
___ are chemical substances secreted b…
Name 3 processes controlled by hormones
The classification of hormones that ar…
Nervous system=speed endocrine= slow
hormones
reproduction, growth/development, regulating cellular metabol…
steroids
What is the difference between the ner…
Nervous system=speed endocrine= slow
___ are chemical substances secreted b…
hormones
98 terms
Chapter 9 - Endocrine System
aden/o
adreno/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adreno/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
116 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Adeno
Adreno
Andro
Crino
Gland
Adrenal Gland
Male
To Secrete
Adeno
Gland
Adreno
Adrenal Gland
25 terms
Chapter 9: The endocrine system
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid hormones
steroid hormones
2nd great controlling system of the body
chemical substances that are secreted by endocrine cells
proteins, peptides & amines
sex & adrenal hormones
endocrine system
2nd great controlling system of the body
hormones
chemical substances that are secreted by endocrine cells
30 terms
Chapter 9 -> The Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Addison's Disease
Adrenal Glands
Androgens
Results from hypersecretion of GH during adulthood; leads to…
Results from hyposecretion of adrenal hormones; bronze skin t…
Endocrine glands that sit on the top of the kidneys.
Another name for male sex hormones.
Acromegaly
Results from hypersecretion of GH during adulthood; leads to…
Addison's Disease
Results from hyposecretion of adrenal hormones; bronze skin t…
8 terms
Ch 9 Endocrine System Anatomy
pineal
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
pineal
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
82 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine and Nervous System
aden/o
adren/o adrenal/o
calc/o
gluc/o, glyc/o
gland
adrenal glands
calcium
sugar, sweetness
aden/o
gland
adren/o adrenal/o
adrenal glands
23 terms
Chapter 9 The Endocrine System Vocabulary
Endocrinology
Hormone
Prostaglandins
Target cell/organs
a specialty of medicine; some would say a sub-specialty of in…
are chemical messengers that are secreted directly into the b…
any of a group of cyclic fatty acid compounds with varying ho…
a cell that bears receptors for a hormone, drug, or other sig…
Endocrinology
a specialty of medicine; some would say a sub-specialty of in…
Hormone
are chemical messengers that are secreted directly into the b…
51 terms
Med Term - Chapter 9: Endocrine System
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
aden/o
adrenal gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
74 terms
The Endocrine System (Chapter 9)
Realize the general functions of the e…
What is the difference between endocri…
ducts, which has
x... Endocrine glands are glands of the…
-Metabolism and tissue maturation. (Chem. reactions quicker)…
Structurally endocrine glands are ductless while exocrine gla…
x
x
Realize the general functions of the e…
-Metabolism and tissue maturation. (Chem. reactions quicker)…
What is the difference between endocri…
Structurally endocrine glands are ductless while exocrine gla…
91 terms
Med Terms Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
107 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/0
adren/0 adrenal/0
andr/0
crin/0
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/0
gland
adren/0 adrenal/0
adrenal gland
Ch 9 Endocrine System Terms
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid based hormones
steroids
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
include proteins, peptides, amino acids and other forms that…
Many of this type of lipid serve as chemical messengers or as…
endocrine system
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
hormones
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
102 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
82 terms
Med Terms Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Aden/o
Adren/o... Adrenal/o
Andr/o
Crin/o
Gland
Adrenal gland
Male
To secrete
Aden/o
Gland
Adren/o... Adrenal/o
Adrenal gland
46 terms
Chapter 9 Med Terms: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenaline gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenaline gland
38 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System - Anatomic Terms
adrenal glands (suprarenal glands)
steroid hormones
glucocorticoids
mineral corticosteroids
located on the superior surface of each kidney; the adrenal c…
hormones created by the adrenal cortex
regulate carbohydrate metabolism and have anti-inflammatory e…
maintain salt and water balance
adrenal glands (suprarenal glands)
located on the superior surface of each kidney; the adrenal c…
steroid hormones
hormones created by the adrenal cortex
70 terms
Chapter 9: The Endocrine System Howell Terms
Endocrine System
Hormones
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
1) Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones... 2) Reg…
Chemicals secreted into the blood to perform functions
Secrete products into ducts that empty onto a surface or a ca…
Ductless glands that secrete hormones
Endocrine System
1) Made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones... 2) Reg…
Hormones
Chemicals secreted into the blood to perform functions
91 terms
Med Terms Chapter 9: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
35 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Hormone
Hormones control what major processes?
Amino Acid-based Hormones
Steroids
A molecule within the body that functions as a chemical messe…
Reproduction, growth and development, mobilization of body de…
Proteins, peptides, and amines all fit into this category.
A category of hormones made from cholesterol. These hormones…
Hormone
A molecule within the body that functions as a chemical messe…
Hormones control what major processes?
Reproduction, growth and development, mobilization of body de…
23 terms
ALHS chapter 9 endocrine system
Hormones released from the thyroid gland
gene activation
second-messenger system
What hormones are secreted from the an…
thyoxine a calculation
occurs when a hormone binds to an intracellular receptor, whi…
activated when a hormone binds to a plasma membrane receptor,…
Growth hormone... Prolactin... Thyroid... Adrenocorticotropic hormo…
Hormones released from the thyroid gland
thyoxine a calculation
gene activation
occurs when a hormone binds to an intracellular receptor, whi…
14 terms
Chapter 9 - Endocrine System
ad
anti
endo
ex, exo
toward
against, opposing
within
outside, away from
ad
toward
anti
against, opposing
105 terms
Med Term Chapter 9 Endocrine and Nervous System
adren/o
adrenal/o
pancreat/o
calc/o
adrenal
adrenal
pancreas
calcium
adren/o
adrenal
adrenal/o
adrenal
73 terms
Chapter 9-The Endocrine system
Function of the endocrine system
Hormone
Major processes controlled by the endo…
Identify the location of the major end…
Coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cells alon…
Chemical messengers traveling in the bloodstream to tissues o…
-Reproduction... -Growth & Developement... -Regulation of Metabolis…
...
Function of the endocrine system
Coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cells alon…
Hormone
Chemical messengers traveling in the bloodstream to tissues o…
16 terms
Chapter 9 endocrine system
aden/o
andr/o
gluc/o
hormon/o
glands
male
glucose
hormone (an urging on)
aden/o
glands
andr/o
male
87 terms
Chapter 9- Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid-based molecules
steroids
System of the body that coordinates and directs the activity…
chemical messengers
chemical classification of hormones including proteins, pepti…
chemical classification of hormones made from cholesterol
endocrine system
System of the body that coordinates and directs the activity…
hormones
chemical messengers
30 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
Glands of the Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus... pineal gland... pituitary gland... thyroid... parathyroid…
portion of the brain that maintains the body`s internal balan…
the link between the endocrine system and the nervous systems
Helps stimulate or inhibit many of your body`s key processes…
Glands of the Endocrine System
Hypothalamus... pineal gland... pituitary gland... thyroid... parathyroid…
Hypothalamus
portion of the brain that maintains the body`s internal balan…
106 terms
chapter 9: endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
andr/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
39 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden, aden/o
boubon
bubo
horman
gland
bubonic plague
swollen lymph glands
to excite
aden, aden/o
gland
boubon
bubonic plague
80 terms
Chapter 9 - Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Amino Acid-based Molecules
Steroids
Coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cells; sec…
Released into the blood to be transported leisurely throughou…
Hormone including proteins, peptides, and amines.
Made from cholesterol; includes the sex hormones made by the…
Endocrine System
Coordinates and directs the activity of the body's cells; sec…
Hormones
Released into the blood to be transported leisurely throughou…
137 terms
Chapter 9:Endocrine System
thymus
pineal gland
testes
adrenal gland
gland that produces thymosin
gland that produces melatonin
gland that produces testosterone
gland that produce steroids and catecholamines
thymus
gland that produces thymosin
pineal gland
gland that produces melatonin
17 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
endocrinology
hormonal stimuli
Humoral stimuli
Neural stimuli
study of hormones and endocrine organs
endocrine organs are activated by other hormones
changing blood levels of certain ions and nutrients stimulate…
nerve impulses stimulate hormone release.
endocrinology
study of hormones and endocrine organs
hormonal stimuli
endocrine organs are activated by other hormones
50 terms
Endocrine system Chapter 9
where do the endocrine organs secrete…
is the endocrine system slow or fast
hormone
fat soluable hormones
into epithellal tissue
slow
chemical substance secreted by endocrine cells
fat lipids, steroid, cholestrol
where do the endocrine organs secrete…
into epithellal tissue
is the endocrine system slow or fast
slow
42 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormones
hormone activity
control of hormone release
-second controlling system of body (first=NS), slower acting…
-produced by endocrine cells... -endocrine cells secrete hormone…
-hormones affect only certain tissues or organs (target cells…
-hormone levels in blood maintained by mostly negative feedba…
endocrine system
-second controlling system of body (first=NS), slower acting…
hormones
-produced by endocrine cells... -endocrine cells secrete hormone…
25 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine system
Exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
Second messenger system
Hormones
sweat glands and sebaceous glands; local effect, contains ducts
release hormone that travel to other endocrine glands/ target…
intercellular molecule generated by binding a chemical to a m…
chemical substances that are secreted by endocrine cells into…
Exocrine glands
sweat glands and sebaceous glands; local effect, contains ducts
Endocrine Glands
release hormone that travel to other endocrine glands/ target…
15 terms
Chapter 9 Endocrine System
aden/o
adrenal/o
adren/o
calc/o
gland
adrenal gland
adrenal gland
calcium
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
14 terms
Chapter 9: Endocrine System
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine glands
Pineal Gland
Melatonin... ​
Secrete substances into a duct that deposits them at a specif…
Secretes hormones that diffuse into the blood
Secretes melatonin... ​
Involved in maintaining circadian rhythms (sleep/wake cycles)
Exocrine Glands
Secrete substances into a duct that deposits them at a specif…
Endocrine glands
Secretes hormones that diffuse into the blood
Chapter 9- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
amino acid based molecules
steroids
Second Great Controlling System Of The Body
more slowly acting endocrine system uses chemical messengers
different hormones are produced
specific group of chemical substances including certain hormo…
Endocrine System
Second Great Controlling System Of The Body
Hormones
more slowly acting endocrine system uses chemical messengers
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