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Study sets matching "endocrine systems biology"

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Study sets matching "endocrine systems biology"

16 terms
Human Biology - Endocrine System
endocrine system
glands
hormones
pituitary gland
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
chemical messengers that are produced by glands
gland that makes substances that control other glands and aff…
endocrine system
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
glands
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
15 terms
Honors Biology Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
diabetes
Homeostasis
Insulin
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
The body's ability to maintained balance in the nervous syste…
hormone secreted by the pancreas; lowers blood glucose levels.
Adrenal gland
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
diabetes
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
20 terms
AP Biology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Tropic hormones
Pheromones
Nitric Oxide
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
Hormones released by one animal that affect other animals
Hormone found in vertebrates ... Gas released by one cell and re…
Endocrine System
Releases hormones, chemicals released by ductless glands in…
Tropic hormones
Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands to release the…
47 terms
Biology: Endocrine Systems
Endocrine System
Homeostasis
External environment
Internal environment
-Systems of ductless glands that produce hormones ... -Released…
-Maintain a relatively stable internal environment despite ch…
-Factors outside an organism i.e. weather
-Fluid surrounding cells within a multicellular organism... -Tis…
Endocrine System
-Systems of ductless glands that produce hormones ... -Released…
Homeostasis
-Maintain a relatively stable internal environment despite ch…
82 terms
MCAT: Biology (Endocrine System)
Endocrine system
direct hormones stimulate _____, tropi…
endocrine system: ________ stimulate o…
endocrine system: _______ stimulate ot…
The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce…
organs, other glands
direct hormones
tropic hormones
Endocrine system
The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce…
direct hormones stimulate _____, tropi…
organs, other glands
53 terms
BIOLOGY- Endocrine System
exocrine glands
steroid and nonsteroid
steroid hormones
nonsteroid hormones
glands that transport their secretions via ducts
two classifications of hormones
-lipid soluble... -hydrophobic... -diffuse through cell membranes
-water soluble... -hydrophilic... -received by receptors external t…
exocrine glands
glands that transport their secretions via ducts
steroid and nonsteroid
two classifications of hormones
25 terms
Endocrine System Biology
How are hormones distributed to tissue…
Compared to the endocrine system, the…
Chemical signals secreted into the int…
Neurosecretory cells
They are carried throughout the body in the bloodstream and e…
Has a faster response, but the signal does not last
Local regulators
Participate in the nervous and endocrine system
How are hormones distributed to tissue…
They are carried throughout the body in the bloodstream and e…
Compared to the endocrine system, the…
Has a faster response, but the signal does not last
101 terms
BIOLOGY: Endocrine System
glands
hormones
Three types of hormones, classified by…
peptide hormones (define and explain o…
Organs in the endocrine system which secrete hormones.
Signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
1. Peptides... 2. Steroids... 3. Amino Acid derivatives
Made up of amino acids, and are a derivative of larger polype…
glands
Organs in the endocrine system which secrete hormones.
hormones
Signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
70 terms
biology: endocrine system
hormones
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
autocrine signaling
chemicals of endocrine system... nonspecific... act relatively slow…
produce hormones and release them directly into the blood or…
release enzymes through ducts and into the external environme…
cell releases a chemical that binds onto a receptor on that s…
hormones
chemicals of endocrine system... nonspecific... act relatively slow…
endocrine glands
produce hormones and release them directly into the blood or…
13 terms
Comp Biology Endocrine System
Endocrine System
gland
hormone
pituitary gland
The body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
A group of cells that make special chemicals for the body.
Chemicals produced by your glands that regulate the activitie…
The endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the infl…
Endocrine System
The body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
gland
A group of cells that make special chemicals for the body.
73 terms
The Endocrine System - AP Biology
Endocrine System Diagram
Endocrine VS Nervous - Impulses
Endocrine VS Nervous - Travel
Endocrine VS Nervous - Organs
Image:
Endocrine: Uses chemical impulses (Hormones)... Nervous: Uses el…
Endocrine: Hormones travel through the blood; therefor the pr…
Endocrine: Generally smaller organs... Nervous: Generally larger…
Endocrine System Diagram
Image:
Endocrine VS Nervous - Impulses
Endocrine: Uses chemical impulses (Hormones)... Nervous: Uses el…
50 terms
Biology Endocrine system
Endocrine system
Homeostasis
Two Types of Glands
Endocrine Glands
Communication network in the body that uses chemicals(hormone…
Refers to maintaining a constant internal balance
1. Endocrine Glands... 2. Exocrine Glands
These glands secrete directly into the bloodstream. Ductless.…
Endocrine system
Communication network in the body that uses chemicals(hormone…
Homeostasis
Refers to maintaining a constant internal balance
15 terms
Honors Biology Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
diabetes
Homeostasis
Insulin
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
The body's ability to maintained balance in the nervous syste…
hormone secreted by the pancreas; lowers blood glucose levels.
Adrenal gland
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
diabetes
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
48 terms
Biology: Endocrine System
direct hormones
tropic hormones
peptide hormones
steroid hormones
directly stimulate organs
stimulate other glands
act via second messengers
act via hormone/receptor binding to DNA
direct hormones
directly stimulate organs
tropic hormones
stimulate other glands
101 terms
The Endocrine System - Biology
Diabetes mellitus
Type 1 Diabeties
Type 2 Diabetes
glands
one of the most common diagnoses in the US and major cause of…
autoimmune disease - insulin producing cells in islets of Lan…
end-organ insensitivity to insulin
endocrine system consists of organs - known as glands, that s…
Diabetes mellitus
one of the most common diagnoses in the US and major cause of…
Type 1 Diabeties
autoimmune disease - insulin producing cells in islets of Lan…
131 terms
Biology: The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
What is the difference between an endo…
What are the 3 types of cell signaling…
Endocrine Glands
- acts as a means of internal communication... - coordinates the…
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the blood str…
1. autocrine (same cell that releases is stimulated)... 2. parac…
- synthesize and secrete hormones directly into the circulato…
Endocrine System
- acts as a means of internal communication... - coordinates the…
What is the difference between an endo…
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the blood str…
28 terms
Biology Nervous/Endocrine System
Central Nervous Systen
Peripheral Nervous System
Neuron
cell body
Brain and Spinal Cord
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
Central Nervous Systen
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
76 terms
Biology Nervous and Endocrine System
PNS
CNS
effector
sensory neurons
Stimulus and response, responsible for getting into and out o…
central nervous system, attached to brain and spine
muscle at end of output
convey signals from sensory receptors to CNS. made of a cell…
PNS
Stimulus and response, responsible for getting into and out o…
CNS
central nervous system, attached to brain and spine
72 terms
MCAT Biology - Endocrine System
Glands
Hormones
Classification of Hormones by Chemical…
Peptide Hormones
Organs that secrete hormones.
Signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
- Hormones can be peptides, steroids or amino acid derivatives.
- Made up of amino acids ranging in size from quite small (AD…
Glands
Organs that secrete hormones.
Hormones
Signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
60 terms
Biology: The Endocrine System
Peptide Hormones ... -how are they releas…
Peptide Hormones... -how do they interact…
Peptide Hormones effect
cAMP pathway
In vesicles via exocytosis
extracellular receptors
rapid,short lived
Peptide H->adenylate cyclase->cAMP->intracellular targets
Peptide Hormones ... -how are they releas…
In vesicles via exocytosis
Peptide Hormones... -how do they interact…
extracellular receptors
15 terms
Biology Midterm: Endocrine System
What are all the glands?
How is the endocrine system regulated?
What is the feedback mechanism?
What is feedback inhibition?
Pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid gla…
The feedback mechanism.
Something that senses when there is too much or too little of…
When you make something that changes the shape of the enzyme…
What are all the glands?
Pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid gla…
How is the endocrine system regulated?
The feedback mechanism.
MCAT: Biology-endocrine system
Endocrine system
Three types of signaling in the endocr…
autocrine
paracrine
Complex association of many different organs and tissues work…
autocrine, paracrine and endocrine
cells produce a signaling hormone that binds to the same cell…
signaling between very close cells like the hypothalamus with…
Endocrine system
Complex association of many different organs and tissues work…
Three types of signaling in the endocr…
autocrine, paracrine and endocrine
13 terms
BIOLOGY 30: Endocrine Systeme
Pituitary Disorders
Acromegaly
Dwarfism
Gigantism
Acromegaly... Dwarfism ... Gigantism ... Diabetes Insipidus
Bones thicken and soft tissue increases in size ... Hypersecreti…
Deficiency of hGH
Excess hGH
Pituitary Disorders
Acromegaly... Dwarfism ... Gigantism ... Diabetes Insipidus
Acromegaly
Bones thicken and soft tissue increases in size ... Hypersecreti…
15 terms
Biology - Endocrine System & Hereditiy
Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Hormones
Thyroid Gland
A chemical communication system which sends messages through…
The control center for the endocrine system which is located…
Chemical substances that carry messages through the blood
Gland that produces the hormone thyroxine which controls the…
Endocrine System
A chemical communication system which sends messages through…
Pituitary Gland
The control center for the endocrine system which is located…
15 terms
Honors Biology Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
diabetes
Homeostasis
Insulin
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
The body's ability to maintained balance in the nervous syste…
hormone secreted by the pancreas; lowers blood glucose levels.
Adrenal gland
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
diabetes
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
11 terms
Biology - Endocrine System Chapter 11
aldosterone
cortisol
epinephrine
melatonin
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
A hormone produced and secreted by the adrenal medulla that p…
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces slee…
aldosterone
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
cortisol
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
16 terms
Human Biology - Endocrine System
endocrine system
glands
hormones
pituitary gland
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
chemical messengers that are produced by glands
gland that makes substances that control other glands and aff…
endocrine system
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
glands
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
89 terms
Biology 05: The Endocrine System
Hormones
Peptide Hormones
Primary Messenger
Secondary Messenger
- Signaling molecules... - Secreted into bloodstream... - Travels t…
- Derived from larger precursor polypeptides.... - Released by e…
- Binds to receptor... - Triggers transmission of second signal.
Transmission triggered by primary messenger.... -- cAMP... -- Inosi…
Hormones
- Signaling molecules... - Secreted into bloodstream... - Travels t…
Peptide Hormones
- Derived from larger precursor polypeptides.... - Released by e…
54 terms
ap biology - endocrine system
Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland
Neurotransmitters
Local Regulator
The internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the int…
A molecule that is released from the synaptic terminal of a n…
A secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
Endocrine System
The internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
Endocrine Gland
A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the int…
44 terms
Biology Endocrine System
parathyroid
placenta
pineal body
pituitary gland
small glands that ride "horseback" on the thyroid
endocrine producing organ present only in pregnant women
regulates the body's biological clock+produces melatonin
the master gland of the endocrine system
parathyroid
small glands that ride "horseback" on the thyroid
placenta
endocrine producing organ present only in pregnant women
48 terms
Biology 183 Endocrine System
What is function of the Endocrine Syst…
What is Hormones and what is their pri…
What are the two organs included in th…
What is the function of Endocrine in t…
made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemical…
- Regulatory chemical that is secreted into extracellular flu…
- Endocrine - product secreted into extracellular fluid and c…
Product secreted into extracellular fluid and carried in blood
What is function of the Endocrine Syst…
made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemical…
What is Hormones and what is their pri…
- Regulatory chemical that is secreted into extracellular flu…
131 terms
Biology: The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
What is the difference between an endo…
What are the 3 types of cell signaling…
Endocrine Glands
- acts as a means of internal communication... - coordinates the…
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the blood str…
1. autocrine (same cell that releases is stimulated)... 2. parac…
- synthesize and secrete hormones directly into the circulato…
Endocrine System
- acts as a means of internal communication... - coordinates the…
What is the difference between an endo…
Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the blood str…
95 terms
MCAT: Biology-endocrine system
Endocrine system
Three types of signaling in the endocr…
autocrine
paracrine
Complex association of many different organs and tissues work…
autocrine, paracrine and endocrine
cells produce a signaling hormone that binds to the same cell…
signaling between very close cells like the hypothalamus with…
Endocrine system
Complex association of many different organs and tissues work…
Three types of signaling in the endocr…
autocrine, paracrine and endocrine
28 terms
Biology Endocrine System
1. If two different cells both have β…
2. Why would β blockers be valuable in…
3. What is the difference between a ne…
4. What is the primary second messenge…
No; different organs, different responses (functions) - just…
Decreases heart rate; Relieves stress on heart
Neuro = local - neuron to neuron via synapse... Hormone = to wh…
α adrenergic = smooth muscle β adrenergic = cardiac muscle
1. If two different cells both have β…
No; different organs, different responses (functions) - just…
2. Why would β blockers be valuable in…
Decreases heart rate; Relieves stress on heart
ap biology - endocrine system
Endocrine System
Endocrine Gland
Neurotransmitters
Local Regulator
The internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the int…
A molecule that is released from the synaptic terminal of a n…
A secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
Endocrine System
The internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
Endocrine Gland
A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the int…
50 terms
Biology: Endocrine System (Quicksheets)
direct hormones
tropic hormones
peptides, steroids
peptides
directly stimulate organs
stimulate other glands
mechanisms of hormone action
act via second messengers
direct hormones
directly stimulate organs
tropic hormones
stimulate other glands
14 terms
Biology: endocrine system
Purpose of endocrine system
Endocrine system controls...
Hypothalmus
Pituitary
Regulates body activity using hormones
Growth/development/metabolism
Part of the brain that is the main link between nervous and e…
Main gland-produces chemicals when alerted to maintain homeos…
Purpose of endocrine system
Regulates body activity using hormones
Endocrine system controls...
Growth/development/metabolism
15 terms
Honors Biology Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
diabetes
Homeostasis
Insulin
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
The body's ability to maintained balance in the nervous syste…
hormone secreted by the pancreas; lowers blood glucose levels.
Adrenal gland
a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney.…
diabetes
A medical condition that is caused by the lack of insulin and…
32 terms
DAT Biology Endocrine System
Paracrine
Autocrine
Prostaglandins
Peptide Hormone
Cell signalling where target is nearby
Cell signaling via hormone/chemical messenger that binds to r…
Locally acting autocrine/paracrine lipid messenger molecules…
Synthesized in rough ER and modified in Golgi... Receptor-media…
Paracrine
Cell signalling where target is nearby
Autocrine
Cell signaling via hormone/chemical messenger that binds to r…
35 terms
Biology 1002- Endocrine Systems
Endocrine System
Amines
Steroids
Steroid Hormones
Endocrine glands and other organs with hormone-secreting cells.
Hormones from tyrosine.
Cholesterol derivatives.
Lipid-soluble (will diffuse across plasma membrane and access…
Endocrine System
Endocrine glands and other organs with hormone-secreting cells.
Amines
Hormones from tyrosine.
27 terms
Biology- Endocrine system
This system regulates...
Glands
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
overall metabolism, homeostasis, growth, and reproduction
organs made of specialized cells that secrete substances need…
discharge secretions (like bile and enzymes) into ducts
release secretions into blood (ex. endocrine system)
This system regulates...
overall metabolism, homeostasis, growth, and reproduction
Glands
organs made of specialized cells that secrete substances need…
28 terms
Biology Endocrine Systems
hormones
exocrine gland
endocrine gland
steroids
chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
releases secretions through tube-like structures called ducts…
releases secretions directly into the blood stream
are made from cholesterol. Receptors inside the target cell
hormones
chemicals released in one part of the body that travel throug…
exocrine gland
releases secretions through tube-like structures called ducts…
15 terms
Biology MCAT- Endocrine System
Endocrine Basics
Hormone Types:... Describe the PEPTIDE h…
Hormone Types:... Describe the STEROID h…
Axis of Regulation: composed of?
S- synthesized (de novo or made beforehand)... S- secreted into…
Structure: Hydrophilic... Can be polypeptide or amino-acid deri…
Structure: Hydrophobic... Lipid based or amino-acid derived... Si…
1. Hypothalamus... 2. Pituitary gland (hypophysis)... a. anterior…
Endocrine Basics
S- synthesized (de novo or made beforehand)... S- secreted into…
Hormone Types:... Describe the PEPTIDE h…
Structure: Hydrophilic... Can be polypeptide or amino-acid deri…
110 terms
AP Biology Endocrine Systems
Hormone
Target Tissue
Exocrine
Endocrine
This is a chemical produced in one part of the body and trave…
This is where the hormone travels to.
The hormone substance is put into a duct or tube to travel to…
The hormone substance is put into the blood to travel to anot…
Hormone
This is a chemical produced in one part of the body and trave…
Target Tissue
This is where the hormone travels to.
39 terms
Biology 30 - The Endocrine System
Releasing Hormones
FSH
LH
ACTH
Produced by the hypothalamus. Causes anterior pituitary gland…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates developm…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates release…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates adrenal…
Releasing Hormones
Produced by the hypothalamus. Causes anterior pituitary gland…
FSH
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates developm…
51 terms
Biology: Hormones & The Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Neurosecretory Cells
Target Cells
a homeostatic information signal system comprised of a series…
chemical signal molecules that facilitate communication betwe…
specialized neurons that secrete hormones; release signal mol…
have specific receptors where the hormone can respond;
Endocrine System
a homeostatic information signal system comprised of a series…
Hormones
chemical signal molecules that facilitate communication betwe…
55 terms
MCAT Biology: The Endocrine System
Glands
Hormones
Classification of hormones
Peptide hormones
- secrete hormones
- signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blo…
1) Peptides... 2)Steroids... 3) Amino acid derivatives
- made up of amino acids derived from larger precursor polype…
Glands
- secrete hormones
Hormones
- signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blo…
74 terms
Biology 224: Endocrine System
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
hormones
endocrine system
-secrete cell product into interstitial fluids around cell or…
- are NOT part of the endocrine system ... - secrete cell produc…
-released by endocrine cells into interstitial fluids, diffus…
- regulates fluid balance and ion concentration in body fluid…
endocrine glands
-secrete cell product into interstitial fluids around cell or…
exocrine glands
- are NOT part of the endocrine system ... - secrete cell produc…
53 terms
Human Biology- Endocrine System
endocrine glands
hormones
chemical signal
pheromones
ductless glands that produce regulating hormones, which along…
carried by the bloodstream to target cells throughout the body
a means of communication between cells, between body parts, a…
affect metabolism and influence the behavior of other individ…
endocrine glands
ductless glands that produce regulating hormones, which along…
hormones
carried by the bloodstream to target cells throughout the body
18 terms
Biology 30: Endocrine System
Dynamic Equilibrium
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Hormones
A state of stability within fluctuating limits
-The process by which a mechanism is activated to restore con…
The process by which a small effect is amplified
Released by cells that affect cell in other parts of the body
Dynamic Equilibrium
A state of stability within fluctuating limits
Negative Feedback
-The process by which a mechanism is activated to restore con…
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