Study sets matching "endocrine"

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Study sets matching "endocrine"

38 terms
Endocrine
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
SIADH Diagnosis
SIADH Treatment
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
excess ADH with symptoms of hyponatremia (HA, muscle cramps,…
H2O restriction, Demeclolocycline for refractory; over correc…
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
128 terms
Endocrine
3 main hormones associated w Parathyroid
# of Parathyroid glands
Ideal ratio between osteoblasts and os…
Aids in calcium aborption in the Gut
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
1:1
Vitamin D
3 main hormones associated w Parathyroid
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
# of Parathyroid glands
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
119 terms
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
receptors
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
cells in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm of the t…
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
113 terms
Endocrine
3 main players associated w Parathyroid
# of Parathyroid glands
Ideal ratio between osteoblasts and os…
Aids in calcium aborption in the Gut
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
1:1
Vitamin D
3 main players associated w Parathyroid
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
# of Parathyroid glands
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
28 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
27 terms
endocrine
hypothalamus
pars tuberalis
pars distalis
pars intermedia
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
part of adenohypophysis that wraps around infundibulum
The anterior part of the adenohypophysis that is the major se…
third region which atrophies during fetal development and cea…
hypothalamus
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
pars tuberalis
part of adenohypophysis that wraps around infundibulum
Endocrine
3 locations where lymph nodes can be p…
trophic hormones
anterior pituitary gland
adenohypophysis
-axillary (armpit)... -inguinal (groin)... -cervical (neck)
hormones that act on other glands to make those glands secret…
#4
- #4... -another name for the anterior pituitary gland
3 locations where lymph nodes can be p…
-axillary (armpit)... -inguinal (groin)... -cervical (neck)
trophic hormones
hormones that act on other glands to make those glands secret…
30 terms
Endocrine
pineal gland
hypothalamus
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)
pineal gland
hypothalamus
ENDOCRINE
HORMONES
NEUROENDOCRINE EFFECT
target cells
receptor cell
chemicals that are secreted through glands into nearby blood…
the endocrine system operates in conjunction with the nervous…
hormones can be transported to them once in the circulatory s…
at the target cell a hormones binds to this cell
HORMONES
chemicals that are secreted through glands into nearby blood…
NEUROENDOCRINE EFFECT
the endocrine system operates in conjunction with the nervous…
119 terms
Endocrine
name the common symptoms of hypothyroid
MC cause of hypothyroid
normal level of TSH
name 2 pharmacologic agents that commo…
think constitutional, 2 C'S , 2 D's, 3 algias's ... - weakness…
Hashimoto Thyroiditis
0.4-4... *note for hypothyroid: 5-10 is considered as mildly…
- Chemotherapeutic agents- usually start with hyper then pr…
name the common symptoms of hypothyroid
think constitutional, 2 C'S , 2 D's, 3 algias's ... - weakness…
MC cause of hypothyroid
Hashimoto Thyroiditis
Endocrine
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
Adrenal gland
Adrenal cortex
located in the anterior portion of the neck; has 2 lobes; mak…
4 dots; located posterior to the thyroid gland; secretes pitu…
One on top of each kideny; consists of the adrenal cortex (ou…
secretes glucocorticoids, mineral corticoids, and gonadocorti…
thyroid gland
located in the anterior portion of the neck; has 2 lobes; mak…
parathyroid gland
4 dots; located posterior to the thyroid gland; secretes pitu…
Endocrine
Cord type
Follicular type
Parathyroid gland
Pituitary gland development
Type of endocrine gland (structure)
Type of endocrine gland (structure)
Cord-type endocrine gland
shows what process of what endocrine gland
Cord type
Type of endocrine gland (structure)
Follicular type
Type of endocrine gland (structure)
167 terms
ENDOCRINE
GLUT 2
GLUT Receptors on BRAIN
GLUT 1
SIGNALING PATHWAYS
Insulin-Indepenent Transporter... Bidirectional... *B Islet Cells,…
GLUT-1 + GLUT-3
Insulin-Independent Transporter... *RBC, Brain, Cornea
GLUT 2
Insulin-Indepenent Transporter... Bidirectional... *B Islet Cells,…
GLUT Receptors on BRAIN
GLUT-1 + GLUT-3
24 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
22 terms
Endocrine
Cord type
Follicular type
Pituitary gland development
Pituitary gland
Type of endocrine gland structure
Type of endocrine gland structure
what structure and process
which endocrine gland?
Cord type
Type of endocrine gland structure
Follicular type
Type of endocrine gland structure
207 terms
Endocrine
TSH Hormone Radioimmunoassay and Thyro…
What are the most commonly used tests…
T4
Anti - Thyroid Antibody Test
- Used less frequently ... - Most Sensitive test in detecting hy…
TSH and Thyroxine
Thyroxine
Used to diagnose Hashimoto's Thyroiditis.
TSH Hormone Radioimmunoassay and Thyro…
- Used less frequently ... - Most Sensitive test in detecting hy…
What are the most commonly used tests…
TSH and Thyroxine
31 terms
Endocrine
blood sugar
pancreas
Hypothalamus
Insulin
concentration of glucose in blood
located partially behind the stomach in the abdomen, and prod…
Controls secretions of pituitary gland in the brain
Released by pancreas; lowers blood glucose level
blood sugar
concentration of glucose in blood
pancreas
located partially behind the stomach in the abdomen, and prod…
36 terms
Endocrine
growth hormone
growth hormone
hypothalamus
gonadotropins
peptide hormone that mobilizes fat reserves, incr blood level…
peptide hormone that has indirect effects through production…
brain structure that produces tropic releasing hormones for G…
term that describes both luteinizing hormon and follicle-stim…
growth hormone
peptide hormone that mobilizes fat reserves, incr blood level…
growth hormone
peptide hormone that has indirect effects through production…
108 terms
Endocrine
Thyroid hormone synthesis... NOTE: Hashi…
Estrogen's affects on thyroid function…
What are the effects of T3?
Forms of circulating thyroid hormone…
1. Iodide (I-) is actively taken up into thyroid follicular c…
Increased estrogen levels (like in pregnancy, oral contracept…
The 4B's of T3:... 1. Brain maturation... 2. Bone growth... 3. *B1-adr…
T4 (thyroxine)... T3 (triiodothyronine) - active; small amount r…
Thyroid hormone synthesis... NOTE: Hashi…
1. Iodide (I-) is actively taken up into thyroid follicular c…
Estrogen's affects on thyroid function…
Increased estrogen levels (like in pregnancy, oral contracept…
53 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary
ADH, oxytocin, TSH, Prolactin, growth…
Growth hormone
TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)
Master gland
Hormones produced by pituitary
What hormone makes us bigger and taller
What hormone stimulates the thyroid to produce more hormones
Pituitary
Master gland
ADH, oxytocin, TSH, Prolactin, growth…
Hormones produced by pituitary
Endocrine
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
pituitary gland microscope
hypothalamus
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
19 terms
Endocrine
blood sugar
insulin
pancreas
Hypothalamus
concentration of glucose in blood, measured in milligrams of…
a hormone produced by the pancreas and released in response t…
located partially behind the stomach in the abdomen, and it f…
Controls secretions of pituitary gland in the brain
blood sugar
concentration of glucose in blood, measured in milligrams of…
insulin
a hormone produced by the pancreas and released in response t…
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
2,000 terms
Endocrine
The Thyroid Gland
What is Thyroid Hormone (TH)?
Functions of the Thyroid Hormone?
How is the *Synthesis of Thyroid Hormo…
- Two lateral lobes connected by median mass called isthmus
- Actually 2 related compounds ... - T4 (Thyroxine)- Has 2 tyro…
- Major metabolic hormone ... - Increases metabolic rate and hea…
- Thyroid gland stores hormone extracellularly ... - Thyroglobul…
The Thyroid Gland
- Two lateral lobes connected by median mass called isthmus
What is Thyroid Hormone (TH)?
- Actually 2 related compounds ... - T4 (Thyroxine)- Has 2 tyro…
66 terms
endocrine
tropic hormones
hypothalmus
growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH)
prolactining releasing hormone (PRH)
these hormones either stimulate or inhibit the release of oth…
growth hormone releasing hormone, prolactin releasing hormone…
stimulates release of growth hormone (GH) form the anterior p…
stimulates the release of prolactin from the anterior pituita…
tropic hormones
these hormones either stimulate or inhibit the release of oth…
hypothalmus
growth hormone releasing hormone, prolactin releasing hormone…
Endocrine
Goiter
Graves Disease
Cushing's Disease
Oxytocin
Caused mainly by a lack of iodine in diet
Disorder in which an overactive and enlarged thyroid gland pr…
Results from the over production of adrenal hormones
Stimulates the smooth muscles in the uterus of a pregnant fem…
Goiter
Caused mainly by a lack of iodine in diet
Graves Disease
Disorder in which an overactive and enlarged thyroid gland pr…
55 terms
Endocrine
Sugar can be stored where?
Insulin is produced where?
GLUT-4 are transporters for what? Acti…
__________ is necessary for _________…
1st sight-Liver (but its busy, so stores are limited) and mus…
Beta cells of the pancreas
Glucose, activated by insulin
Insulin. Glucose.
Sugar can be stored where?
1st sight-Liver (but its busy, so stores are limited) and mus…
Insulin is produced where?
Beta cells of the pancreas
133 terms
Endocrine
Central diabetes insipidus
What is given to patients prior to sur…
Drug used for treatment of GH secretin…
Treatment for SIADH?
inability to concentrate urine... diuresis, thirst, polydipsia
Phenoxybenzamine-irreversible alpha blocker is given to preve…
Octreotide, somatostatin analog that suppresses GH release.
Demeclocycline or free water restriction. Demeclocycline bloc…
Central diabetes insipidus
inability to concentrate urine... diuresis, thirst, polydipsia
What is given to patients prior to sur…
Phenoxybenzamine-irreversible alpha blocker is given to preve…
43 terms
Endocrine
*Two control systems of the Endocrine…
How do hormones control body function
How is hormone secretion controlled
2 ingredients that make hormones
1. Nervous system- Quick short term response (electrica…
-Exocrine glands secrete their product through ducts to spe…
Negative feedback, glands tend to over secrete... >>Target tis…
1. Protein based ( reason why diabetics cannot take insulin…
*Two control systems of the Endocrine…
1. Nervous system- Quick short term response (electrica…
How do hormones control body function
-Exocrine glands secrete their product through ducts to spe…
80 terms
Endocrine
Hypothalamus
Posterior pituitary (also called neuro…
Anterior pituitary (also called adenop…
Oxytocin;... Posterior pituitary gland
Releasing & Inhibiting Hormones;... Oxytocin/ADH
Not glandular, stores ADH and Oxytocin
Glandular, Contains 5 types of endocrine cells that produce 5…
Breast/Uterus: lactation or initiation of labor
Hypothalamus
Releasing & Inhibiting Hormones;... Oxytocin/ADH
Posterior pituitary (also called neuro…
Not glandular, stores ADH and Oxytocin
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
297 terms
Endocrine
What are the three types of hormones?
How are peptide hormones made?
How are steroid hormones made?
How are amine hormones made?
1. Protein and peptide hormone... 2. Steroid hormone... *3. Ami…
■ Preprohormone synthesis occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum…
Steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol
Amine hormones (thyroid hormones, epinephrine, norepinephrine…
What are the three types of hormones?
1. Protein and peptide hormone... 2. Steroid hormone... *3. Ami…
How are peptide hormones made?
■ Preprohormone synthesis occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum…
12 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
38 terms
Endocrine
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
SIADH Diagnosis
SIADH Treatment
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
excess ADH with symptoms of hyponatremia (HA, muscle cramps,…
H2O restriction, Demeclolocycline for refractory; over correc…
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
45 terms
Endocrine
Addison's Disease
Addisonian Crisis
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Cushing's Syndrome
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency as a result of destructi…
Acute adrenocortical insufficiency precipitated by stress or…
hormone secreted by posterior pituitary gland; function is to…
Symptoms produced by excess cortisol from adrenal cortex; cla…
Addison's Disease
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency as a result of destructi…
Addisonian Crisis
Acute adrenocortical insufficiency precipitated by stress or…
16 terms
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid gland
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
145 terms
Endocrine
Glands
Hormones
Receptors
Endocrine glands secrete ____________…
Specialized cell clusters or organs
Chemical substances secreted by glands in response to stimula…
protein molecules that trigger specific changes in a target c…
Hormones
Glands
Specialized cell clusters or organs
Hormones
Chemical substances secreted by glands in response to stimula…
33 terms
endocrine
thymosin
melatonin
epinephrine/norepinephrine
glucagon
secreted by thymus- targets t-lymphocytes- effects maturation
secreted by pineal- regulates sleep/wake cycles (circadian rh…
secreted by adrenal medulla-release in response to immediate…
secreted by Alpha-cells of pancreas- increases blood glucose…
thymosin
secreted by thymus- targets t-lymphocytes- effects maturation
melatonin
secreted by pineal- regulates sleep/wake cycles (circadian rh…
78 terms
Endocrine
The nursing instructor is discussing d…
A patient presents to the clinic compl…
A patient newly diagnosed with type 2…
The nurse is doing patient teaching wi…
ANS: C... Ketone bodies are acids that disturb the acid-base bal…
ANS: A... Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus includ…
ANS: C... In general, calorie distribution recommended is higher…
ANS: C... Exercise lowers blood glucose, increases levels of HDL…
The nursing instructor is discussing d…
ANS: C... Ketone bodies are acids that disturb the acid-base bal…
A patient presents to the clinic compl…
ANS: A... Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus includ…
105 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary Adenoma... -What are the types…
What stimulates bone and muscle growth
What stimulates milk production and se…
What stimulates milk secretion during…
A. Benign tumor of anterior pituitary cells... B. May be functio…
GH
Prolaction
Oxytocin
Pituitary Adenoma... -What are the types…
A. Benign tumor of anterior pituitary cells... B. May be functio…
What stimulates bone and muscle growth
GH
28 terms
endocrine
Acidophil
basophil
chromophobe
adenohypophysis
A... Identify the Cell
B... Identify the Cell
C... Identify the Cell
1... Identify the Region of the Organ
Acidophil
A... Identify the Cell
basophil
B... Identify the Cell
57 terms
Endocrine
Functions of Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Hormones: chemistry
Blood level of hormones
• Acts with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate th…
Ghrelin and letpin are hot topic research
• Amines (Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, triiodothyro…
• Hormones circulate in the blood either free or bound... - Ster…
Functions of Endocrine System
• Acts with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate th…
Endocrine glands
Ghrelin and letpin are hot topic research
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
thymus
directs endocrine system. produces ADH and oxytocin (releasin…
anterior and posterior lobes, create hormones for specific en…
butterfly shaped gland, located on the anterior side of trach…
stimulates the immune system, large in children and degenerat…
hypothalamus
directs endocrine system. produces ADH and oxytocin (releasin…
pituitary gland
anterior and posterior lobes, create hormones for specific en…
66 terms
Endocrine
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH)
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH)
Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH)
Released in response to stress, may be a trigger for parturit…
responsible for release of LH & FSH from anterior pituitary,…
produced by hypothalamus, stimulates release of TSH, & prolac…
stimulates GH production
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH)
Released in response to stress, may be a trigger for parturit…
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
responsible for release of LH & FSH from anterior pituitary,…
95 terms
Endocrine
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
Which of the following events could be…
Secretion of many anterior pituitary h…
A) ACTH; cortisol
A) adenohypophysis
C) decreased secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Fee…
C) hypothalamus ... Feedback: The anterior pituitary gland is…
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
A) ACTH; cortisol
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
A) adenohypophysis
63 terms
endocrine
posterior pituitary hormone (route)
Anterior pituitary hormone (route)
somatotropes location
somatotropes function
no releasing factor ... hypothalamic hormone (hypothalamic cell)…
hypothalamus release releasing factor to portal circulatory s…
anterior pituitary
secrete growth hormone... - inhibit by somatostatin-28 (pulsatil…
posterior pituitary hormone (route)
no releasing factor ... hypothalamic hormone (hypothalamic cell)…
Anterior pituitary hormone (route)
hypothalamus release releasing factor to portal circulatory s…
95 terms
Endocrine
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
Which of the following events could be…
Secretion of many anterior pituitary h…
A) ACTH; cortisol
A) adenohypophysis
C) decreased secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Fee…
C) hypothalamus ... Feedback: The anterior pituitary gland is…
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
A) ACTH; cortisol
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
A) adenohypophysis
77 terms
Endocrine
ClinicalIntervention/Endocrinology... A 3…
ClinicalIntervention/Endocrinology... A 5…
ClinicalIntervention/Endocrinology... A 7…
ClinicalIntervention/Endocrinology... A d…
Explanations... (c) A. Phenoxybenzamine is an alpha-blocker util…
Explanations... (u) A. The use of steroids is common in thyroid…
Explanations... (u) A. Although beta blockers slow conduction th…
Explanations... (u) A. See C for explanation.... (u) B. See C for e…
ClinicalIntervention/Endocrinology... A 3…
Explanations... (c) A. Phenoxybenzamine is an alpha-blocker util…
ClinicalIntervention/Endocrinology... A 5…
Explanations... (u) A. The use of steroids is common in thyroid…
40 terms
Endocrine
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
adenohypophysis
neurohypophysis
2
1
2
1
anterior pituitary gland
2
posterior pituitary gland
1
65 terms
Endocrine
Endocrine glands are_________________…
Hormones are__________________________
Name the Endocrine glands
What hormones does the hypothalamus pr…
ductless
chemicals secreted by a cell that affect the functions of oth…
Hypothalamus... Pituitary... Adrenal gland... Testes... Ovaries... Pineal gl…
Oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
Endocrine glands are_________________…
ductless
Hormones are__________________________
chemicals secreted by a cell that affect the functions of oth…
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