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Study sets matching "endocrine"

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Study sets matching "endocrine"

129 terms
Endocrine
3 main players associated w Parathyroid
# of Parathyroid glands
Ideal ratio between osteoblasts and os…
Aids in calcium aborption in the Gut
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
1:1
Vitamin D
3 main players associated w Parathyroid
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
# of Parathyroid glands
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
24 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
38 terms
Endocrine
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
SIADH Diagnosis
SIADH Treatment
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
excess ADH with symptoms of hyponatremia (HA, muscle cramps,…
H2O restriction, Demeclolocycline for refractory; over correc…
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
28 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
119 terms
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
receptors
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
cells in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm of the t…
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
27 terms
endocrine
hypothalamus
pars tuberalis
pars distalis
pars intermedia
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
part of adenohypophysis that wraps around infundibulum
The anterior part of the adenohypophysis that is the major se…
third region which atrophies during fetal development and cea…
hypothalamus
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs sever…
pars tuberalis
part of adenohypophysis that wraps around infundibulum
113 terms
Endocrine
3 main players associated w Parathyroid
# of Parathyroid glands
Ideal ratio between osteoblasts and os…
Aids in calcium aborption in the Gut
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
1:1
Vitamin D
3 main players associated w Parathyroid
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
# of Parathyroid glands
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
128 terms
Endocrine
3 main hormones associated w Parathyroid
# of Parathyroid glands
Ideal ratio between osteoblasts and os…
Aids in calcium aborption in the Gut
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
1:1
Vitamin D
3 main hormones associated w Parathyroid
Calcitonin... Phosphate... PTH
# of Parathyroid glands
Avg 4 but varies... (may have none if thyroidectomy)
47 terms
Endocrine
3 locations where lymph nodes can be p…
trophic hormones
anterior pituitary gland
adenohypophysis
-axillary (armpit)... -inguinal (groin)... -cervical (neck)
hormones that act on other glands to make those glands secret…
#4
- #4... -another name for the anterior pituitary gland
3 locations where lymph nodes can be p…
-axillary (armpit)... -inguinal (groin)... -cervical (neck)
trophic hormones
hormones that act on other glands to make those glands secret…
30 terms
Endocrine
pineal gland
hypothalamus
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)
pineal gland
hypothalamus
16 terms
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid gland
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
9 terms
ENDOCRINE
HORMONES
NEUROENDOCRINE EFFECT
target cells
receptor cell
chemicals that are secreted through glands into nearby blood…
the endocrine system operates in conjunction with the nervous…
hormones can be transported to them once in the circulatory s…
at the target cell a hormones binds to this cell
HORMONES
chemicals that are secreted through glands into nearby blood…
NEUROENDOCRINE EFFECT
the endocrine system operates in conjunction with the nervous…
12 terms
Endocrine
Thymus gland
Thyriod gland
Parathyriod gland
Pancreas
Thymus gland
Thyriod gland
28 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
2,000 terms
Endocrine
The Thyroid Gland
What is Thyroid Hormone (TH)?
Functions of the Thyroid Hormone?
How is the *Synthesis of Thyroid Hormo…
- Two lateral lobes connected by median mass called isthmus
- Actually 2 related compounds ... - T4 (Thyroxine)- Has 2 tyro…
- Major metabolic hormone ... - Increases metabolic rate and hea…
- Thyroid gland stores hormone extracellularly ... - Thyroglobul…
The Thyroid Gland
- Two lateral lobes connected by median mass called isthmus
What is Thyroid Hormone (TH)?
- Actually 2 related compounds ... - T4 (Thyroxine)- Has 2 tyro…
13 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
12 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
12 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
38 terms
Endocrine
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
SIADH Diagnosis
SIADH Treatment
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
excess ADH with symptoms of hyponatremia (HA, muscle cramps,…
H2O restriction, Demeclolocycline for refractory; over correc…
Diabetes Insipidis Diagnosis
severe thirst and polyuria - ADH not working... Posms/Uosms (hig…
Diabetes Insipidis Treatment
Central: DDAVP (vasopressin), Nephrogenic: thiazide diuretics
119 terms
Endocrine
name the common symptoms of hypothyroid
MC cause of hypothyroid
normal level of TSH
name 2 pharmacologic agents that commo…
think constitutional, 2 C'S , 2 D's, 3 algias's ... - weakness…
Hashimoto Thyroiditis
0.4-4... *note for hypothyroid: 5-10 is considered as mildly…
- Chemotherapeutic agents- usually start with hyper then pr…
name the common symptoms of hypothyroid
think constitutional, 2 C'S , 2 D's, 3 algias's ... - weakness…
MC cause of hypothyroid
Hashimoto Thyroiditis
53 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary
ADH, oxytocin, TSH, Prolactin, growth…
Growth hormone
TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)
Master gland
Hormones produced by pituitary
What hormone makes us bigger and taller
What hormone stimulates the thyroid to produce more hormones
Pituitary
Master gland
ADH, oxytocin, TSH, Prolactin, growth…
Hormones produced by pituitary
16 terms
Endocrine
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
Adrenal gland
Adrenal cortex
located in the anterior portion of the neck; has 2 lobes; mak…
4 dots; located posterior to the thyroid gland; secretes pitu…
One on top of each kideny; consists of the adrenal cortex (ou…
secretes glucocorticoids, mineral corticoids, and gonadocorti…
thyroid gland
located in the anterior portion of the neck; has 2 lobes; mak…
parathyroid gland
4 dots; located posterior to the thyroid gland; secretes pitu…
207 terms
Endocrine
TSH Hormone Radioimmunoassay and Thyro…
What are the most commonly used tests…
T4
Anti - Thyroid Antibody Test
- Used less frequently ... - Most Sensitive test in detecting hy…
TSH and Thyroxine
Thyroxine
Used to diagnose Hashimoto's Thyroiditis.
TSH Hormone Radioimmunoassay and Thyro…
- Used less frequently ... - Most Sensitive test in detecting hy…
What are the most commonly used tests…
TSH and Thyroxine
176 terms
endocrine
congenital adrenal hyperplasias will l…
Insulin-dependent glucose transporters…
Insulin-independent transporters:... GLUT…
GLUT-2 (bidirectional):function?
11-β-hydroxylase
adipose tissue, striated muscle (exercise can also increase G…
RBCs, brain, cornea, placenta... P-RBC
β islet cells, liver,... kidney, small intestine... 2Beta小肝肾
congenital adrenal hyperplasias will l…
11-β-hydroxylase
Insulin-dependent glucose transporters…
adipose tissue, striated muscle (exercise can also increase G…
108 terms
Endocrine
Thyroid hormone synthesis... NOTE: Hashi…
Estrogen's affects on thyroid function…
What are the effects of T3?
Forms of circulating thyroid hormone…
1. Iodide (I-) is actively taken up into thyroid follicular c…
Increased estrogen levels (like in pregnancy, oral contracept…
The 4B's of T3:... 1. Brain maturation... 2. Bone growth... 3. *B1-adr…
T4 (thyroxine)... T3 (triiodothyronine) - active; small amount r…
Thyroid hormone synthesis... NOTE: Hashi…
1. Iodide (I-) is actively taken up into thyroid follicular c…
Estrogen's affects on thyroid function…
Increased estrogen levels (like in pregnancy, oral contracept…
22 terms
Endocrine
Cord type
Follicular type
Pituitary gland development
Pituitary gland
Type of endocrine gland structure
Type of endocrine gland structure
what structure and process
which endocrine gland?
Cord type
Type of endocrine gland structure
Follicular type
Type of endocrine gland structure
62 terms
Endocrine
hormones are _____ but _______
endocrinology
the endocrine system controls and inte…
Exocrine gland example
slow, longer lasting than nervous system
the study of hormones and endocrine organs
- Reproduction... - Growth and development... - Maintenance of elec…
Nonhormonal substances (sweat, saliva)
hormones are _____ but _______
slow, longer lasting than nervous system
endocrinology
the study of hormones and endocrine organs
167 terms
ENDOCRINE
GLUT 2
GLUT Receptors on BRAIN
GLUT 1
SIGNALING PATHWAYS
Insulin-Indepenent Transporter... Bidirectional... *B Islet Cells,…
GLUT-1 + GLUT-3
Insulin-Independent Transporter... *RBC, Brain, Cornea
GLUT 2
Insulin-Indepenent Transporter... Bidirectional... *B Islet Cells,…
GLUT Receptors on BRAIN
GLUT-1 + GLUT-3
36 terms
Endocrine
growth hormone
growth hormone
hypothalamus
gonadotropins
peptide hormone that mobilizes fat reserves, incr blood level…
peptide hormone that has indirect effects through production…
brain structure that produces tropic releasing hormones for G…
term that describes both luteinizing hormon and follicle-stim…
growth hormone
peptide hormone that mobilizes fat reserves, incr blood level…
growth hormone
peptide hormone that has indirect effects through production…
20 terms
Endocrine
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
pituitary gland microscope
hypothalamus
anterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
19 terms
Endocrine
blood sugar
insulin
pancreas
Hypothalamus
concentration of glucose in blood, measured in milligrams of…
a hormone produced by the pancreas and released in response t…
located partially behind the stomach in the abdomen, and it f…
Controls secretions of pituitary gland in the brain
blood sugar
concentration of glucose in blood, measured in milligrams of…
insulin
a hormone produced by the pancreas and released in response t…
119 terms
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
receptors
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
cells in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm of the t…
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
66 terms
endocrine
tropic hormones
hypothalmus
growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH)
prolactining releasing hormone (PRH)
these hormones either stimulate or inhibit the release of oth…
growth hormone releasing hormone, prolactin releasing hormone…
stimulates release of growth hormone (GH) form the anterior p…
stimulates the release of prolactin from the anterior pituita…
tropic hormones
these hormones either stimulate or inhibit the release of oth…
hypothalmus
growth hormone releasing hormone, prolactin releasing hormone…
19 terms
Endocrine
Goiter
Graves Disease
Cushing's Disease
Oxytocin
Caused mainly by a lack of iodine in diet
Disorder in which an overactive and enlarged thyroid gland pr…
Results from the over production of adrenal hormones
Stimulates the smooth muscles in the uterus of a pregnant fem…
Goiter
Caused mainly by a lack of iodine in diet
Graves Disease
Disorder in which an overactive and enlarged thyroid gland pr…
13 terms
Endocrine
Parathyroid/o
Adren/o
hypophys/o
Pituitary/o
parathyroid
adrenal gland
pituitary
Pituitary
Parathyroid/o
parathyroid
Adren/o
adrenal gland
43 terms
Endocrine
*Two control systems of the Endocrine…
How do hormones control body function
How is hormone secretion controlled
2 ingredients that make hormones
1. Nervous system- Quick short term response (electrica…
-Exocrine glands secrete their product through ducts to spe…
Negative feedback, glands tend to over secrete... >>Target tis…
1. Protein based ( reason why diabetics cannot take insulin…
*Two control systems of the Endocrine…
1. Nervous system- Quick short term response (electrica…
How do hormones control body function
-Exocrine glands secrete their product through ducts to spe…
55 terms
Endocrine
Sugar can be stored where?
Insulin is produced where?
GLUT-4 are transporters for what? Acti…
__________ is necessary for _________…
1st sight-Liver (but its busy, so stores are limited) and mus…
Beta cells of the pancreas
Glucose, activated by insulin
Insulin. Glucose.
Sugar can be stored where?
1st sight-Liver (but its busy, so stores are limited) and mus…
Insulin is produced where?
Beta cells of the pancreas
133 terms
Endocrine
Central diabetes insipidus
What is given to patients prior to sur…
Drug used for treatment of GH secretin…
Treatment for SIADH?
inability to concentrate urine... diuresis, thirst, polydipsia
Phenoxybenzamine-irreversible alpha blocker is given to preve…
Octreotide, somatostatin analog that suppresses GH release.
Demeclocycline or free water restriction. Demeclocycline bloc…
Central diabetes insipidus
inability to concentrate urine... diuresis, thirst, polydipsia
What is given to patients prior to sur…
Phenoxybenzamine-irreversible alpha blocker is given to preve…
80 terms
Endocrine
Hypothalamus
Posterior pituitary (also called neuro…
Anterior pituitary (also called adenop…
Oxytocin;... Posterior pituitary gland
Releasing & Inhibiting Hormones;... Oxytocin/ADH
Not glandular, stores ADH and Oxytocin
Glandular, Contains 5 types of endocrine cells that produce 5…
Breast/Uterus: lactation or initiation of labor
Hypothalamus
Releasing & Inhibiting Hormones;... Oxytocin/ADH
Posterior pituitary (also called neuro…
Not glandular, stores ADH and Oxytocin
10 terms
Endocrine
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
297 terms
Endocrine
What are the three types of hormones?
How are peptide hormones made?
How are steroid hormones made?
How are amine hormones made?
1. Protein and peptide hormone... 2. Steroid hormone... *3. Ami…
■ Preprohormone synthesis occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum…
Steroid hormones are derivatives of cholesterol
Amine hormones (thyroid hormones, epinephrine, norepinephrine…
What are the three types of hormones?
1. Protein and peptide hormone... 2. Steroid hormone... *3. Ami…
How are peptide hormones made?
■ Preprohormone synthesis occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum…
12 terms
Endocrine
body of pancreas
head of pancreas
hypothalamus
infundibulum of pituitary gland
body of pancreas
head of pancreas
10 terms
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid gland
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
33 terms
endocrine
thymosin
melatonin
epinephrine/norepinephrine
glucagon
secreted by thymus- targets t-lymphocytes- effects maturation
secreted by pineal- regulates sleep/wake cycles (circadian rh…
secreted by adrenal medulla-release in response to immediate…
secreted by Alpha-cells of pancreas- increases blood glucose…
thymosin
secreted by thymus- targets t-lymphocytes- effects maturation
melatonin
secreted by pineal- regulates sleep/wake cycles (circadian rh…
106 terms
Endocrine
REVIEW: What are the acute phase cytok…
REVIEW: What agents are used in the tr…
REVIEW: What are the tumor markers for…
What hormone has each of the following…
IL-1... IL-6... TNF-alpha
BALSA... Bromocriptine... Amantadine... Levodopa... Selegiline... Antimusca…
CA 19-9 and CEA
Stimulates bone and muscle growth = Growth hormone (stimulate…
REVIEW: What are the acute phase cytok…
IL-1... IL-6... TNF-alpha
REVIEW: What agents are used in the tr…
BALSA... Bromocriptine... Amantadine... Levodopa... Selegiline... Antimusca…
82 terms
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
receptors
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
cells in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm of the t…
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
105 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary Adenoma... -What are the types…
What stimulates bone and muscle growth
What stimulates milk production and se…
What stimulates milk secretion during…
A. Benign tumor of anterior pituitary cells... B. May be functio…
GH
Prolaction
Oxytocin
Pituitary Adenoma... -What are the types…
A. Benign tumor of anterior pituitary cells... B. May be functio…
What stimulates bone and muscle growth
GH
15 terms
Endocrine
Ovary
Secondary oocyte
Parathyroid gland
Thyroid gland
Ovary
Secondary oocyte
28 terms
endocrine
Acidophil
basophil
chromophobe
adenohypophysis
A... Identify the Cell
B... Identify the Cell
C... Identify the Cell
1... Identify the Region of the Organ
Acidophil
A... Identify the Cell
basophil
B... Identify the Cell
75 terms
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
What are the functions of hormones?
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
regulate growth, metabolism, and behavior.
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
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