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Study sets matching "endocrine"

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Study sets matching "endocrine"

57 terms
Endocrine
Functions of Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Hormones: chemistry
Blood level of hormones
• Acts with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate th…
Ghrelin and letpin are hot topic research
• Amines (Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, triiodothyro…
• Hormones circulate in the blood either free or bound... - Ster…
Functions of Endocrine System
• Acts with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate th…
Endocrine glands
Ghrelin and letpin are hot topic research
46 terms
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
thymus
directs endocrine system. produces ADH and oxytocin (releasin…
anterior and posterior lobes, create hormones for specific en…
butterfly shaped gland, located on the anterior side of trach…
stimulates the immune system, large in children and degenerat…
hypothalamus
directs endocrine system. produces ADH and oxytocin (releasin…
pituitary gland
anterior and posterior lobes, create hormones for specific en…
65 terms
Endocrine
Endocrine glands are_________________…
Hormones are__________________________
Name the Endocrine glands
What hormones does the hypothalamus pr…
ductless
chemicals secreted by a cell that affect the functions of oth…
Hypothalamus... Pituitary... Adrenal gland... Testes... Ovaries... Pineal gl…
Oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
Endocrine glands are_________________…
ductless
Hormones are__________________________
chemicals secreted by a cell that affect the functions of oth…
66 terms
Endocrine
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH)
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH)
Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH)
Released in response to stress, may be a trigger for parturit…
responsible for release of LH & FSH from anterior pituitary,…
produced by hypothalamus, stimulates release of TSH, & prolac…
stimulates GH production
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH)
Released in response to stress, may be a trigger for parturit…
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
responsible for release of LH & FSH from anterior pituitary,…
63 terms
endocrine
posterior pituitary hormone (route)
Anterior pituitary hormone (route)
somatotropes location
somatotropes function
no releasing factor ... hypothalamic hormone (hypothalamic cell)…
hypothalamus release releasing factor to portal circulatory s…
anterior pituitary
secrete growth hormone... - inhibit by somatostatin-28 (pulsatil…
posterior pituitary hormone (route)
no releasing factor ... hypothalamic hormone (hypothalamic cell)…
Anterior pituitary hormone (route)
hypothalamus release releasing factor to portal circulatory s…
95 terms
Endocrine
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
Which of the following events could be…
Secretion of many anterior pituitary h…
A) ACTH; cortisol
A) adenohypophysis
C) decreased secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Fee…
C) hypothalamus ... Feedback: The anterior pituitary gland is…
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
A) ACTH; cortisol
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
A) adenohypophysis
40 terms
Endocrine
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
adenohypophysis
neurohypophysis
2
1
2
1
anterior pituitary gland
2
posterior pituitary gland
1
95 terms
Endocrine
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
Which of the following events could be…
Secretion of many anterior pituitary h…
A) ACTH; cortisol
A) adenohypophysis
C) decreased secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone ... Fee…
C) hypothalamus ... Feedback: The anterior pituitary gland is…
In which pair of hormones does the fir…
A) ACTH; cortisol
The anterior pituitary gland is also c…
A) adenohypophysis
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
What are the functions of hormones?
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
regulate growth, metabolism, and behavior.
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
13 terms
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pineal gland
pineal gland.
pituitary gland (hypophysis)
hypothalamus
pineal gland
15 terms
Endocrine
Anterior pituitary... A=Acidophils GH, PR…
Anterior pituitary... A=Basophils ACTH, T…
Thyroid gland... -colloids filled with th…
Thyroid gland... -colloids filled with th…
What is this? What is it from? Label Cells. What do they prod…
What organ is this from? Label cells. What do they produce?
What is this tissue? What are the pink circles? What state is…
What is this tissue? What are the purple circles? What does i…
Anterior pituitary... A=Acidophils GH, PR…
What is this? What is it from? Label Cells. What do they prod…
Anterior pituitary... A=Basophils ACTH, T…
What organ is this from? Label cells. What do they produce?
76 terms
Endocrine
basophils
acidophils
chromophobes
pars nervosa
A
B
Identify the cells within the circle
A
basophils
A
acidophils
B
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
receptors
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
cells in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm of the t…
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
30 terms
Endocrine
endocrine
hormones
target tissues
receptors
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
specific tissues acted on by each hormone
cells in the plasma membrane or within the cytoplasm of the t…
endocrine
group of glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
hormones
chemical messengers that have regulatory effects on certain c…
42 terms
Endocrine
thyroid feedback loop. UNDERSTAND IT
Hyperthyroidism: (know top 3)... 1) gende…
S/S of what?........ - Nervousness... • Anxi…
Laboratory/Diagnostics for hyperthyroi…
1) More common in women (8:1 ratio)... 2) Onset most commonly b…
hyperthyroidism
1) TSH: Most sensitive test and is LOW in most cases... 2) also…
thyroid feedback loop. UNDERSTAND IT
Hyperthyroidism: (know top 3)... 1) gende…
1) More common in women (8:1 ratio)... 2) Onset most commonly b…
46 terms
Endocrine
You need ___________ to make hormones.
Think ___________ with thyroid glands.
What anti-thyroid drugs can we give so…
What are some iodine compounds that ca…
Iodine
ENERGY!
Propylthiouracil (PTU)... Methimazole (Tapazole)
Captain Lugal was an SS official during WWII! ... Potassium Iod…
You need ___________ to make hormones.
Iodine
Think ___________ with thyroid glands.
ENERGY!
9 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
12 terms
Endocrine
1. adenohypophysis... 2. neurohypophysis
5. capsule... 6. zona glomerulosa... 7. zona…
12. pancreatic islet ... 13. pancreatic a…
10. follicle ... 11. colloid
Pituitary gland
Adrenal
Pancreas
Thyroid
1. adenohypophysis... 2. neurohypophysis
Pituitary gland
5. capsule... 6. zona glomerulosa... 7. zona…
Adrenal
37 terms
Endocrine
Hormones are normally secreted via duc…
Hormones serve as intracellular messen…
Testosterone is a gonadotropin.
Many effects of growth hormone are med…
FALSE
FALSE
FALSE
FALSE
Hormones are normally secreted via duc…
FALSE
Hormones serve as intracellular messen…
FALSE
145 terms
Endocrine
Glands
Hormones
Receptors
Endocrine glands secrete ____________…
Specialized cell clusters or organs
Chemical substances secreted by glands in response to stimula…
protein molecules that trigger specific changes in a target c…
Hormones
Glands
Specialized cell clusters or organs
Hormones
Chemical substances secreted by glands in response to stimula…
9 terms
Endocrine
Symptoms hyperglycemia
Symptoms hypoglycemia
Metformin (glucophage)
Pioglitazone (Actos)
polyuria... polydipsia... polyphagia... sweet, fruity breath... tiredness…
shaky... tachycardia... sweating... dizzy... anxious... hungry... blurry vision…
Biguanides... a1c reduction: 1.5-2%... MOA: decrease hepatic glucos…
Thiazolidinediones... a1c reduction: 1-1.5%... MOA: PPar-gamma acti…
Symptoms hyperglycemia
polyuria... polydipsia... polyphagia... sweet, fruity breath... tiredness…
Symptoms hypoglycemia
shaky... tachycardia... sweating... dizzy... anxious... hungry... blurry vision…
8 terms
endocrine
Addison's disease:
Conn's syndrome:
Insulinoma
Glucagonoma
1) autoimmune lymphocytic destruction of the adrenal glands... 2…
1) Aldosterone secreting adenoma: primary hyperaldosteronism…
1) insulin secreting tumor of pancreatic Beta-cells... 2) episod…
1) pancreatic alpha cell tumor... 2) HYPERglycemia: polyuria, po…
Addison's disease:
1) autoimmune lymphocytic destruction of the adrenal glands... 2…
Conn's syndrome:
1) Aldosterone secreting adenoma: primary hyperaldosteronism…
27 terms
Endocrine
Types of DI
Neurogenic DI (Cause/tx)
Nephrogenic DI (cause/tx)
DI S/S
neurogenic (central), nephrogenic, pharmogenic.
ADH deficient. Tx with DDAVP and HCTZ
Tubular ADH responsiveness impaired. Tx with low Na/Thiazides
polyuria, polydipsia, nocturia. They are dry. Orthostatic hyp…
Types of DI
neurogenic (central), nephrogenic, pharmogenic.
Neurogenic DI (Cause/tx)
ADH deficient. Tx with DDAVP and HCTZ
104 terms
Endocrine
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
target endocrine organ
tertiary
portion of the brain that secretes a releasing factor that st…
when stimulated releases a substance referred to as a tropic…
a hormone that acts on the body and causes a physiological ef…
if an endocrine dysfunction happens in the hypothalamus it is…
hypothalamus
portion of the brain that secretes a releasing factor that st…
pituitary gland
when stimulated releases a substance referred to as a tropic…
9 terms
endocrine
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
pituitary gland
pineal gland
78 terms
Endocrine
The nursing instructor is discussing d…
A patient presents to the clinic compl…
A patient newly diagnosed with type 2…
The nurse is doing patient teaching wi…
ANS: C... Ketone bodies are acids that disturb the acid-base bal…
ANS: A... Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus includ…
ANS: C... In general, calorie distribution recommended is higher…
ANS: C... Exercise lowers blood glucose, increases levels of HDL…
The nursing instructor is discussing d…
ANS: C... Ketone bodies are acids that disturb the acid-base bal…
A patient presents to the clinic compl…
ANS: A... Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus includ…
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
74 terms
Endocrine
Pancreas
Insulin
Glucose
Glucagon
exocrine and endocrine functions... Pancreatic islets are hormo…
peptide hormone, released when glucose levels are high (absor…
used for energy metabolism, converted into glycogen or fats f…
when plasma glucose levels decrease (post-absorptive 4 hrs af…
Pancreas
exocrine and endocrine functions... Pancreatic islets are hormo…
Insulin
peptide hormone, released when glucose levels are high (absor…
152 terms
ENDOCRINE
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Endocrine system is
Hormones are produced
hormones are released
Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland... other endocrine glands... hormo…
major control system of the body
by glands of the endocrine system
into the blood and transported to target organs
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland... other endocrine glands... hormo…
Endocrine system is
major control system of the body
19 terms
Endocrine
Thyroid gland
Pituitary gland
Adrenal glands
Pancreas
Thyroid gland
Pituitary gland
11 terms
Endocrine
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
Infundibulum
Hypothalamus
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
85 terms
Endocrine
Acromegaly
--common in females; 40 years +... --ofte…
Addison disease
--Causes: autoimmune destruction of th…
A slowly progressive disease that disturbs the function of th…
Acromegaly
Deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones that m…
Addison disease
Acromegaly
A slowly progressive disease that disturbs the function of th…
--common in females; 40 years +... --ofte…
Acromegaly
10 terms
ENDOCRINE
PITUITARY GLAND
PINEAL GLAND
THYROID GLAND
PARATHYROID GLAND
PITUITARY GLAND
PINEAL GLAND
14 terms
Endocrine
Parietal (oxyntic) cells
Cheif (zymogen) Cells
G cells or enteroendocrine cells
K cells
HCL & intrinsic factors
Pepsinogen (inactive enzyme )
Gastrin
GIP
Parietal (oxyntic) cells
HCL & intrinsic factors
Cheif (zymogen) Cells
Pepsinogen (inactive enzyme )
62 terms
Endocrine
Function of the Endocrine System
The Endocrine System operates under th…
Effects of the Endocrine System are __…
What is a chemical produced in one are…
Regulate body activity and responses to stimuli through the u…
Nervous
slower
Hormone
Function of the Endocrine System
Regulate body activity and responses to stimuli through the u…
The Endocrine System operates under th…
Nervous
135 terms
Endocrine
endocrine system
hormones
exocrine glands
paracrine secretions
so named because the cells, tissues, and organs that compose…
diffuse from the interstitial fluid into the bloodstream and…
enter tubes or ducts that lead to body surfaces.
enter the interstitial fluid but affect only nearby cells
endocrine system
so named because the cells, tissues, and organs that compose…
hormones
diffuse from the interstitial fluid into the bloodstream and…
28 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of lary…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ste…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of lary…
76 terms
Endocrine
Pineal body
melatonin
describe the embryology of the pituitary
adenohypophysis and neurohypothysis
small endocrine gland in the brain.... makes MELATONIN, which a…
made by pineal body in brain... - affects wake/sleep patterns an…
ANTERIOR - oral cavity outgrowth (ECTODERM)... POSTERIOR - hypo…
fancy words for anterior and posterior pituitary
Pineal body
small endocrine gland in the brain.... makes MELATONIN, which a…
melatonin
made by pineal body in brain... - affects wake/sleep patterns an…
43 terms
Endocrine
Primary hyperthyroidism bloods
Secondary hyperthyroidism bloods
Primary hypothyroidism bloods
Secondary hypothyroidism bloods
-- TSH... + T3 and T4
++ TSH... +T3 and T4
++ TSH ... -- T3 and T4
-- TSH... -T3 and T4
Primary hyperthyroidism bloods
-- TSH... + T3 and T4
Secondary hyperthyroidism bloods
++ TSH... +T3 and T4
74 terms
endocrine
hypothalamus, pineal gland, pituitary…
thyroxine
calcitonin
glycogen
Endocrine system consists of
Thyroid Follicular Cells secretes
Thyroid Parafollicular Cells secretes
pancreas alpha cells secretes
hypothalamus, pineal gland, pituitary…
Endocrine system consists of
thyroxine
Thyroid Follicular Cells secretes
28 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
24 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
44 terms
Endocrine
Tropic Hormone
peptides, steroids, biogenic amines
peptide hormones
steroid hormones
hormone that affects the release of other hormones
what are the 3 types of hormones
-chains of amino acids... -most common type... -ex: growth hormone…
-lipid derived from cholesterol... -ex: testosterone
Tropic Hormone
hormone that affects the release of other hormones
peptides, steroids, biogenic amines
what are the 3 types of hormones
183 terms
Endocrine
Tx of PCOS
Role of OCPs in PCOS
DKA
CV effects of thyrotoxicosis
OCPs and weight loss
Regulate menses ... Prevent pregnancy... Lower serum androgens ... Red…
Tx of PCOS
OCPs and weight loss
Role of OCPs in PCOS
Regulate menses ... Prevent pregnancy... Lower serum androgens ... Red…
69 terms
Endocrine
Exocrine
Endocrine
Amine Hormones
Polypeptide/Protein Hormones
Ducted Glands
Ductless Glands
Derived from Tryptophan, include NE, Epi, Thryroxine, and Mel…
Chains of Amino Acids, including ADH, GH, Insulin, Oxytocin,…
Exocrine
Ducted Glands
Endocrine
Ductless Glands
11 terms
endocrine
TSH
FSH
LH
ACTH
thyroid stimulating hormone
A tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland tha…
Luteinizing hormone, ovulation and egg release, maturation of…
anterior pituitary... Adrenocorticotrophic hormone; stimulates a…
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
FSH
A tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland tha…
600 terms
Endocrine
What 4 things does testosterone regulate
GnRH is made in the ___________, is re…
What is the role of Leydig cells
What is the role of sertoli cells
-sex differentiation... -virilization... -hormonal changes of puber…
-hypothalamus... -anterior pituitary... -LH and FSH
-produce testosterone
-nurture germ cells to divide, differentiate, and mature into…
What 4 things does testosterone regulate
-sex differentiation... -virilization... -hormonal changes of puber…
GnRH is made in the ___________, is re…
-hypothalamus... -anterior pituitary... -LH and FSH
45 terms
Endocrine
Addison's Disease
Addisonian Crisis
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Cushing's Syndrome
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency as a result of destructi…
Acute adrenocortical insufficiency precipitated by stress or…
hormone secreted by posterior pituitary gland; function is to…
Symptoms produced by excess cortisol from adrenal cortex; cla…
Addison's Disease
chronic adrenocortical insufficiency as a result of destructi…
Addisonian Crisis
Acute adrenocortical insufficiency precipitated by stress or…
154 terms
Endocrine
Posterior pituitary releases
Anterior pituitary releases
Hypopituitarism
Hypopituitarism - Affects
ADH... Oxytocin
GH... ACTH... TSH... FSH/LH... Prolactin
Partial/complete loss of anterior lobe's function
Function of endocrine glands stimulated by anterior pituitary…
Posterior pituitary releases
ADH... Oxytocin
Anterior pituitary releases
GH... ACTH... TSH... FSH/LH... Prolactin
123 terms
Endocrine
endocrine system
Endocrine cells
exocrine cells
hormones
includes all the endocrine cells and tissues of the body
glandular secretory cells that release their secretions into…
which secrete onto epithelial surfaces
chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and trans…
endocrine system
includes all the endocrine cells and tissues of the body
Endocrine cells
glandular secretory cells that release their secretions into…
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