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Study sets matching "endocrinology animal physiology"

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Study sets matching "endocrinology animal physiology"

13 terms
Animal Physiology Vertebrate Endocrinology
Central endocrine glands
Biological clock involves the pineal g…
All eukaryotic cells, including all th…
The biological clock must be synchroni…
Include the hypothalamus, pituitary glands, and pineal gland…
*The pineal gland is located at the center of the brain and s…
*Clock genes are genes that interplay on clock function and h…
The SCN must be reset daily by external cues so that the body…
Central endocrine glands
Include the hypothalamus, pituitary glands, and pineal gland…
Biological clock involves the pineal g…
*The pineal gland is located at the center of the brain and s…
78 terms
Animal Physiology: Endocrinology Exam 4
What are anabolic reactions?
What are catabolic reactions?
What is the major anabolic hormone?
What is the by-product of metabolic re…
Synthesis of stored molecules
Breakdown of stored nutrients
Insulin; increases synthesis of stored fat, glycogen, and pro…
Heat
What are anabolic reactions?
Synthesis of stored molecules
What are catabolic reactions?
Breakdown of stored nutrients
35 terms
Animal Physiology Foundations of Endocrinology Exam 3
hormones
endocrine system
nervous system
endocrine and nervous system similarit…
chemicals produced by specific tissues in the body (glands) a…
system of glands... hormones are transmitted through blood strea…
signals travel along neurons via neurotransmitters... fast elect…
feedback loops... regulate physiological activities to maintain…
hormones
chemicals produced by specific tissues in the body (glands) a…
endocrine system
system of glands... hormones are transmitted through blood strea…
25 terms
Physiology: Endocrinology
Endocrine Glands
Hormone
Hormone Specifiticty
Process of Hormone binding to receptors
produce hormones and release them directly into the blood str…
(means excite/arouse) Hormones are chemical messengers releas…
Hormones affect only cells that possess receptors specific to…
A stimulus causes the hormone to release directly into the bl…
Endocrine Glands
produce hormones and release them directly into the blood str…
Hormone
(means excite/arouse) Hormones are chemical messengers releas…
59 terms
Physiology - Endocrinology
When is the most cortisol released?
How is ACTH released?
What are the actions of ACTH?
When does cortisol -vely feedback to?
In the morning when you wake up
In response to CRH via the cAMP pathway
1. Increase stored cholesterol release from the mitochondria.…
To the hypothalamus and the anterior pituitary
When is the most cortisol released?
In the morning when you wake up
How is ACTH released?
In response to CRH via the cAMP pathway
74 terms
Endocrinology physiology
Name of hormones which regulate the se…
3 basic means by which hormones elicit…
3 areas for receptor location
3 types of hormones
Tropic hormones
1)ALTERS CHANNEL PERMEABILITY by acting on preexisting channe…
cell membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
1) peptide & protein --> most hormones, produced by many glan…
Name of hormones which regulate the se…
Tropic hormones
3 basic means by which hormones elicit…
1)ALTERS CHANNEL PERMEABILITY by acting on preexisting channe…
169 terms
Endocrinology - Physiology
What six hormones are created by the i…
Which hormone control storage and is t…
Which hormone modulates appetite, gast…
Which hormone is the hyperglycemic fac…
Insulin... Amylin... Glucagon... Somatostatin... Gastrin... Pancreatic peptide
Insulin
Amylin
Glucagon
What six hormones are created by the i…
Insulin... Amylin... Glucagon... Somatostatin... Gastrin... Pancreatic peptide
Which hormone control storage and is t…
Insulin
Physiology and Endocrinology
Type I diabetes
Type II diabetes
gestational diabetes
edema
Usually develops in early childhood. Immune mediated and idio…
Resistant to the action of insulin. Usually seen in older adu…
Occurs when a pregnant woman has high levels of glucose in he…
A woman in labor received magnesium sulfate with IV fluids to…
Type I diabetes
Usually develops in early childhood. Immune mediated and idio…
Type II diabetes
Resistant to the action of insulin. Usually seen in older adu…
18 terms
Endocrinology Physiology
Cortisol
Estrogen
Progesterone
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones, and…
Group of compounds named for their importance in both menstru…
Endogenous steroid hormone involved in the... menstrual cycle, p…
Synthesized and secreted by... gonadotrophs of the anterior pitu…
Cortisol
Steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones, and…
Estrogen
Group of compounds named for their importance in both menstru…
19 terms
Endocrinology Physiology
cortisol
estrogen
progesterone
follicle stimulating hormone
produced by the adrenal cortex, functions to increase blood s…
readily diffuse across the cell membrane, involved in gene ex…
involved in menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis, ac…
secreted by gonadotrophs, regulates development, growth, pube…
cortisol
produced by the adrenal cortex, functions to increase blood s…
estrogen
readily diffuse across the cell membrane, involved in gene ex…
Physiology endocrinology
Peptide and protein hormone example
Endocrine system
Hormone
Peptide and protein hormone
ADH ANH insulin
An important communication system that regulates and coordina…
Chemical substance that is synthesized by an endocrine gland…
Water soluble, range in size from a.a. To small proteins and…
Peptide and protein hormone example
ADH ANH insulin
Endocrine system
An important communication system that regulates and coordina…
90 terms
Physiology - Endocrinology
What is it called when hormones are ca…
What hormones are considered hydrophil…
What hormones are considered lipophilic?
What are the overall functions of the…
-Peptides... -Amines... -Steroids
-Peptide hormones... -Catecholamines (epinephrine/norepinephrine)
-Steroids hormones... -Thyroid hormone
- Control reproduction... -Regulate red blood cell production... -A…
What is it called when hormones are ca…
-Peptides... -Amines... -Steroids
What hormones are considered hydrophil…
-Peptide hormones... -Catecholamines (epinephrine/norepinephrine)
24 terms
ENDOCRINOLOGY PHYSIOLOGY
Nor-epinephrine
Steroid hormones
Protein hormones
What is the function of FSH in females
produced by both adrenal medulla and postganglionic sympathet…
perform their actions by direct intracellular stimulation
type of hormones have their actions done using second messeng…
helps in development of follicles on ovary
Nor-epinephrine
produced by both adrenal medulla and postganglionic sympathet…
Steroid hormones
perform their actions by direct intracellular stimulation
20 terms
Endocrinology Physiology
A "morning after pill", or more accura…
It is estimated that about 1/150,000 b…
In an adult female, when would luteini…
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of smo…
Estrogen/LH
5DHT
Menopause and before ovulation during Late Follicular Phase
G-alpha q coupled receptor
A "morning after pill", or more accura…
Estrogen/LH
It is estimated that about 1/150,000 b…
5DHT
64 terms
Physiology and Endocrinology
time with much fertilization must be c…
fertilizational v gestational age
implantation occurs when
who secretes hCG
ovum -24 hr after ovulation but sperm can surivive up to 5 da…
fertilizational- in the ampulla... gestastional -date of last me…
20-24 of menstrual cycle- 3 weeks gestatation;
synctiotrophoblasts
time with much fertilization must be c…
ovum -24 hr after ovulation but sperm can surivive up to 5 da…
fertilizational v gestational age
fertilizational- in the ampulla... gestastional -date of last me…
37 terms
Physiology - Endocrinology
Define and identify the functions of n…
Define and identify the functions of e…
Define and identify the functions of n…
Define and identify the functions of p…
Chemical substances released by axon terminals of neurons int…
Released by glands or specialized cells into the blood and tr…
Secreted bby neurons into the circulating blood and influence…
-Secreted by endocrine cells into the extracellular fluid... -Af…
Define and identify the functions of n…
Chemical substances released by axon terminals of neurons int…
Define and identify the functions of e…
Released by glands or specialized cells into the blood and tr…
44 terms
Physiology--Endocrinology
What transports glucose into the cell?
Insulin Sensitivity
Insulin Resistance
When Tyrosine is phosphoralated
Glut 4--(the only type that responds to insulin)
Phosphoralate tyrosine AA on Insulin Receptor Substrate protien
Phosphoralate a Serine molecule instead of a Tyrosine
MTor is phophoralated, GLUT4 moves to cell wall to let glucos…
What transports glucose into the cell?
Glut 4--(the only type that responds to insulin)
Insulin Sensitivity
Phosphoralate tyrosine AA on Insulin Receptor Substrate protien
200 terms
Physiology Endocrinology Section
What is a hormone?
What is a steroid?
*What is secretin?
What is albumin? Why is it important t…
A substance secreted by a cell that influences the activity o…
Lipophilic, organic compounds that are important in maintaini…
First hormone to be discovered. Involved in osmoregulation.
Found in the blood plasma, this transport protein binds many…
What is a hormone?
A substance secreted by a cell that influences the activity o…
What is a steroid?
Lipophilic, organic compounds that are important in maintaini…
125 terms
Physiology Week 9 - Endocrinology
Homeostasis
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
Endocrine system... AKA Neuroendocrine sy…
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
A physiological control mechanism in which a change in some v…
A primary (95%) mechanism of homeostasis, whereby a change in…
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
Homeostasis
Process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
Positive feedback
A physiological control mechanism in which a change in some v…
86 terms
PHYSIOLOGY - Endocrinology Part I
What are the two major control systems…
The NS an endocrine system are complet…
Define the endocrine system.
What is the primary function of the pi…
1) NS... 2) Endocrine
False, they are influenced by eachother.
- collection of ductless glands - secrete... chemical messengers…
To synthesize chemical messengers
What are the two major control systems…
1) NS... 2) Endocrine
The NS an endocrine system are complet…
False, they are influenced by eachother.
88 terms
GSSE Endocrinology path/physiology
what is the difference between slow in…
how does NA affect cardiac contractility
where are alpha adrenergic receptors f…
2 factors that increase both glucocort…
1. in slow iv adrenaline infusion... • HR &CO increases... • SBP in…
1: increased cardiac contractility... 3: increased myocardial e…
1: intestinal and ureter smooth muscle... 3: cutaneous vascular…
Factors increasing both glucocorticoid and aldosterone secret…
what is the difference between slow in…
1. in slow iv adrenaline infusion... • HR &CO increases... • SBP in…
how does NA affect cardiac contractility
1: increased cardiac contractility... 3: increased myocardial e…
28 terms
Physiology (Intro to Endocrinology)
Endocrine glands are also called Ductl…
What are chemical messengers released…
What is the process from start to fini…
What are the 10 major Endocrine organs…
- Glands that secrete their product directly into the blood s…
- Hormones and specifically targeting their target organs?
- Stimulus... - Hormone release directly... into blood stream... -…
- Hypothalamus... - Pineal gland... - Pituitary gland... - Thyroid gla…
Endocrine glands are also called Ductl…
- Glands that secrete their product directly into the blood s…
What are chemical messengers released…
- Hormones and specifically targeting their target organs?
72 terms
Physiology BMS2038 Endocrinology
Hormone definition
Hormone biochemistry grouping
Hormonal physiology categories
Endocrine glands/organs
--chem messenger secreted into blood to act on distant target…
-a.a. deriveratives: tryptophan (melatonin), tyrosine (all ot…
-reproduction e.g. sex steroids... -energy balance e.g. insulin…
-ductless gland-> hormones into blood... -throughout body... -often…
Hormone definition
--chem messenger secreted into blood to act on distant target…
Hormone biochemistry grouping
-a.a. deriveratives: tryptophan (melatonin), tyrosine (all ot…
58 terms
physiology endocrinology unit 4
examples of intracellular messengers
NTs
hormones
paracrine
horomones, NTs
-one nerve cell alters activity of adjacent nerve cell (or ef…
-chemical messengers relased into the blood... -blood carries th…
-chemical messengers released into ISF where they exert effec…
examples of intracellular messengers
horomones, NTs
NTs
-one nerve cell alters activity of adjacent nerve cell (or ef…
48 terms
CM: Gyn Physiology & Endocrinology
Puberty
Gonadarche
Thelarche
Menarche
Transition from sexual immaturity to maturity; Non-reproduct…
Maturation of the neuroendocrine-gonadotropin-gonadal axis
Beginning of breast development
- Initiation of menstruation... - Initially, not always ovulator…
Puberty
Transition from sexual immaturity to maturity; Non-reproduct…
Gonadarche
Maturation of the neuroendocrine-gonadotropin-gonadal axis
52 terms
Physiology test 2: Endocrinology
Endocrinology
hormones
endocrinology maintains homeostasis
direct communication
study of homeostatic chemical adjustments and other activitie…
long range regulatory substances which are secreted into the…
regulate metabolism, regulate water and electrolyte balance,…
form of cell communication that is not common and requires cl…
Endocrinology
study of homeostatic chemical adjustments and other activitie…
hormones
long range regulatory substances which are secreted into the…
62 terms
Animal Physiology
Every organism has unique molecules on…
Antigens on the surface of red blood c…
Plasma cells secrete antibodies
Activated B cells multiply to form clo…
-All organisms have unique molecules or markers on the outer…
-Blood groups such as A, B, AB and O are identified by cell s…
-As stated above, plasma cells are specialized B lymphocytes…
-The active B-cells begin to clone themselves producing clone…
Every organism has unique molecules on…
-All organisms have unique molecules or markers on the outer…
Antigens on the surface of red blood c…
-Blood groups such as A, B, AB and O are identified by cell s…
92 terms
Small animal endocrinology
What is acromegaly
What are the CS of acromegaly
Lab findings of acromegaly
Dx of acromegaly
Excessive growth hormone secretion
Pu/pd... prognathism... thickened head, neck... clubbed foot
hyperglycemia,Hx of poorly managed DM... glycosuria... elevated alk…
IGF-1... CT... MRI
What is acromegaly
Excessive growth hormone secretion
What are the CS of acromegaly
Pu/pd... prognathism... thickened head, neck... clubbed foot
50 terms
Physiology Final - Endocrinology
what is the classic definition of a ho…
what is an autocrine function?
who was first to coin the term "hormon…
Secretin:... how many amino acids long?... a…
a substance secreted by a cell, picked up by the blood, trans…
a substance acts upon the cell which released it. (this can h…
Bayliss and Starling... secretin
27aa long... GPCR... from S cells stimulated by H+ (pH<4.5)... stimul…
what is the classic definition of a ho…
a substance secreted by a cell, picked up by the blood, trans…
what is an autocrine function?
a substance acts upon the cell which released it. (this can h…
125 terms
Physiology Exam 4 Endocrinology
Which of the following uses a distant…
Which of the following terms means cel…
Which of the following terms describes…
The majority of hormones produced by t…
A. endocrine ... **the endocrine system secretes hormones which…
B. paracrine... **holocrine is NOT a form of communication. It…
C. autocrine... **apocrine is NOT a form of communication. It i…
C. peptides
Which of the following uses a distant…
A. endocrine ... **the endocrine system secretes hormones which…
Which of the following terms means cel…
B. paracrine... **holocrine is NOT a form of communication. It…
18 terms
Neurobiology and Endocrinology for Animal Behavior
Modulation
Action Potential
Resting Potential
Giant Axons
the ability to vary a behavior along a range of possible resp…
the spike of an electrical activity when a nervous signal is…
the electrical state of a neuron when no signal is being carr…
found in inverts, particularly in escape systems... Large size s…
Modulation
the ability to vary a behavior along a range of possible resp…
Action Potential
the spike of an electrical activity when a nervous signal is…
20 terms
Physiology and Endocrinology 1
What do normal rings in the hoof wall…
The stomach of the horse has the capac…
What is a spasmodic muscle contraction…
What percent of bran is digestible pro…
Changes of seasons or planes of nutrition
8 to 16 quarts
Shivering
8.5 to 14 percent
What do normal rings in the hoof wall…
Changes of seasons or planes of nutrition
The stomach of the horse has the capac…
8 to 16 quarts
275 terms
*Companion Animal Medicine: Endocrinology
9.21.2015 - done... 9.22.2015 - all hyper…
9.21.2015 - Diabetes Mellitus
How do you treat diabetes?
How do you monitor diabetes?
...
...
1) INSULIN;... 2) diet... 3) client education
1) CLINICAL SIGNS (most important);... 2) BG curves;... 3) urine gl…
9.21.2015 - done... 9.22.2015 - all hyper…
...
9.21.2015 - Diabetes Mellitus
...
39 terms
Animal Reproduction (Endocrinology and Estrous)
Gametogenesis
Gametogenesis in males (creation of sp…
Gametogenesis in females (creation of…
Primordial germ cell in males that goe…
Formation of sex cells (gametes), 2n goes through DNA rep bec…
Spermatogenesis in seminiferous tubules
Oogenesis in cortex of ovary and follicle
Spermatogonia, creates 4 sperm cells
Gametogenesis
Formation of sex cells (gametes), 2n goes through DNA rep bec…
Gametogenesis in males (creation of sp…
Spermatogenesis in seminiferous tubules
44 terms
Physiology 7D: Digestive Endocrinology
empty stomach secretes ______
ghrelin stimulates _______
pancreas by mass is engaged in 98%_____
what is secretin?
ghrelin
1. stimulates GHRH release (+)... 2. hunger and appetite (+)... 3.…
digestive functions, not endocrine(insulin)
intestinal hormone that stimulates bicarbonate secretion and…
empty stomach secretes ______
ghrelin
ghrelin stimulates _______
1. stimulates GHRH release (+)... 2. hunger and appetite (+)... 3.…
43 terms
Physiology Chapter 11 Endocrinology
Similar to nervous system, the recepto…
general diagram of endocrinology (gene…
the dynamics of a hormone's effect is…
hormone transport
1. in endocrine system, hormone is released into blood stream…
stimulus-->endocrine gland-->hormone released-->target cell--…
1. steroid hormones (ch. 5)... *cholesterol to steroid synthesis…
1. peptides and amines are water soluble- so most of them are…
Similar to nervous system, the recepto…
1. in endocrine system, hormone is released into blood stream…
general diagram of endocrinology (gene…
stimulus-->endocrine gland-->hormone released-->target cell--…
61 terms
Human Physiology Basic Endocrinology
Three categories of Hormones
In order for Peptide Hormones to cross…
What hormone is made in advance and st…
What hormone is made in advance and pr…
Peptide, steroid or amine
Too large (and charged) to cross cell membranes and therefore…
Peptide Hormones and Catecholamines
Thyroid Hormones
Three categories of Hormones
Peptide, steroid or amine
In order for Peptide Hormones to cross…
Too large (and charged) to cross cell membranes and therefore…
33 terms
Physiology Lab Endocrinology, and Immunology
alpha cells secrete
beta cells secrete
Fed state
Insulin
glucagon
insulin
insulin released and dominates
stores glucose into glycogen... makes glycogen and fat
alpha cells secrete
glucagon
beta cells secrete
insulin
64 terms
Small Animal Endocrinology
What 4 hormones do the adrenal glands…
Is a mass on the adrenal glands going…
What effect does a mass on the adrenal…
Is a mass on the pituitary gland going…
Mineralocorticoids, Glucocorticoids, Sex hormone precursors a…
Non-regulatory
They decrease
Regulatory
What 4 hormones do the adrenal glands…
Mineralocorticoids, Glucocorticoids, Sex hormone precursors a…
Is a mass on the adrenal glands going…
Non-regulatory
67 terms
Physiology (Female reproductive endocrinology)
The menstrual cycle lasts 28 days and…
The proliferative phase coincides with…
The secretory phase coincides with wha…
Death of the corpus luteum is known as…
1. Proliferative phase... 2. Secretory phase
Rapid growth of an ovarian follicle and is termed the follicu…
Luteal phase noted by the presence of a functional corpus lut…
Luteolysis resulting in menses
The menstrual cycle lasts 28 days and…
1. Proliferative phase... 2. Secretory phase
The proliferative phase coincides with…
Rapid growth of an ovarian follicle and is termed the follicu…
28 terms
Endocrinology-Animal repro
what hormones use camp 2nd messanger
What hormones use Cell Surface Receptor
what is the function of the endocrine…
Neuro-endocrine response
LH, FSH, prolactin, ACTH, HCG, ECG
LH
produce hormones
1.afferent neurons in mammary gland tranvels to spine... 2. neur…
what hormones use camp 2nd messanger
LH, FSH, prolactin, ACTH, HCG, ECG
What hormones use Cell Surface Receptor
LH
45 terms
TBR: Physiology - Endocrinology & Immunology
catecholamines
peptide hormones
G protein-GTP complex
adenylate cyclase
Hormones (e.g., dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine) that c…
Hormones that contain two or more amino acids linked together…
What complex diffuses through the membrane and activates the…
What enzyme catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cAMP?
catecholamines
Hormones (e.g., dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine) that c…
peptide hormones
Hormones that contain two or more amino acids linked together…
19 terms
Physiology: Endocrinology 2
Tropic Hormone
Hypothalamus produces hormones that ar…
Posterior Pituitary
ADH
hormone that causes the release of another hormone
1. Released into the blood system at the posterior pituitary…
1. Made of nervous tissue (axon from cells in the hypothalamu…
water reabsorption in the kidney
Tropic Hormone
hormone that causes the release of another hormone
Hypothalamus produces hormones that ar…
1. Released into the blood system at the posterior pituitary…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Endocrinology
Endocrine
Peptide
Pituitary
Posterior (neural) Lobe of Pituitary
of, relating to, or denoting glands that secrete hormones or…
a compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a…
the major endocrine gland. A pea-sized body attached to the b…
this region constitutes the majority of the posterior pituita…
Endocrine
of, relating to, or denoting glands that secrete hormones or…
Peptide
a compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a…
71 terms
Animal Phys. Exam 3- Endocrinology
thyroid
isthmus
T3
T4
gland named for the shield shaped cartilage of the larynx
the tissue bridge that connects the two halfs of the thyroid…
a thyroid hormones with 3 iodines attached that acts through…
a thyroid hormone with 4 iodines attached that acts through n…
thyroid
gland named for the shield shaped cartilage of the larynx
isthmus
the tissue bridge that connects the two halfs of the thyroid…
150 terms
Endocrinology / Hormones - Physiology
cAMP is not a second messenger for...
in the cytoplasm...
what is a derivative of tyrosine?
epinephrine has...
testosterone
estrogen
epinephrine
sympathetic effect
cAMP is not a second messenger for...
testosterone
in the cytoplasm...
estrogen
28 terms
Small Animal Med- Endocrinology
What are the two ways we treat diabete…
What is the most important thing to as…
What type of diabetes do dogs get? imp…
What type of diabetes do cats get? imp…
Insulin... diet
Clinical signs
Type 1 - absolute permanent insulin deficiency. Pancreas does…
Type 2- relative insulin deficiency. Pancreas can make insuli…
What are the two ways we treat diabete…
Insulin... diet
What is the most important thing to as…
Clinical signs
Human Physiology Central Endocrinology
Tropic Hormones
Non-Tropic Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Peptide Hormones
A hormone that has as its primary function the regulation of…
A hormone that acts directly on their target cell.
Derived from cholesterol, lipophilic (hydrophobic), bind to i…
Most abundant, synthesized as precursor molecules, bind to re…
Tropic Hormones
A hormone that has as its primary function the regulation of…
Non-Tropic Hormones
A hormone that acts directly on their target cell.
Reproductive Physiology and Endocrinology
Spermatogenesis (Male)
Oogenesis (Female)
Female (XX genotype) Sex Differentiation
Male (XY genotype)
-Spermatogonia (2n cells) proliferate throughout the lifespan…
You're born with all the primary oocytes (2n cells) you'll ha…
Genital ridge → SFI WTI → Bipotential Gonads →non SRY gene (D…
Genital ridge →SFI WTI → Bipotential Gonad →Gene expressed on…
Spermatogenesis (Male)
-Spermatogonia (2n cells) proliferate throughout the lifespan…
Oogenesis (Female)
You're born with all the primary oocytes (2n cells) you'll ha…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrinology
Endocrine
Peptide
Pituitary
Posterior (neural) lobe of pituitary.
of, relating to, or denoting glands that secrete hormones or…
A compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a…
The major endocrine gland. A pea-sized body attached to the b…
Secretes the hormone oxytocin which increases uterine contrac…
Endocrine
of, relating to, or denoting glands that secrete hormones or…
Peptide
A compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a…
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