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Study sets matching "endocrinology disorders"

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Study sets matching "endocrinology disorders"

12 terms
Endocrinology Disorders
Grave's Disease
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Hypothalamo- pituitary disease
Addison's Disease
Autoimmune Hyperthyroidism
Autoimmune Hypothyroidism
Secondary and Tertiary Hypofunction of Adrenal Gland
Primary Adrenal Failure ... Too little Cortisol... Therefore too mu…
Grave's Disease
Autoimmune Hyperthyroidism
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Autoimmune Hypothyroidism
101 terms
Thyroid Disorders (221 Endocrinology)
Overview
Thyroid Anatomy: Neck/Thyroid
Thyroid Anatomy: Thyroid Components
Thyroid Anatomy: Position
Anatomy... Physiology... Evaluation (including laboratory studie…
Overview
Anatomy... Physiology... Evaluation (including laboratory studie…
Thyroid Anatomy: Neck/Thyroid
89 terms
Pituitary Disorders (221 Endocrinology)
Pituitary Disorders (overview)
ANTERIOR Pituitary Hormones
POSTERIOR Pituitary Hormones
Hypothalmic-Pituitary Axis
Anterior and Posterior Pituitary Hormones... Pituitary Hormone…
Pituitary Disorders (overview)
Anterior and Posterior Pituitary Hormones... Pituitary Hormone…
ANTERIOR Pituitary Hormones
59 terms
Adrenal Disorders (211 Endocrinology)
Objectives
Adrenal Gland Anatomy
Adrenal Gland Function
Cortisol
• Review pathophysiology & function of adrenal hormones... • Ind…
• Inner medulla secretes hormones that are involved in regula…
• Main glucocorticoid hormone produced by adrenal cortex... • M…
Objectives
• Review pathophysiology & function of adrenal hormones... • Ind…
Adrenal Gland Anatomy
55 terms
Endocrinological disorders
why do we need an endocrine system
a "molecular address" ensures __ and _…
5 actions of hormones
2 major classes of hormones
nervous system too inefficient to reach all cells
fidelity ; specificity
homeostasis, metabolism, response to stimuli, morphogenesis,…
steroids and non-steroids
why do we need an endocrine system
nervous system too inefficient to reach all cells
a "molecular address" ensures __ and _…
fidelity ; specificity
7 terms
Endocrinology: Posterior Pituitary Disorders
Posterior Pituitary Axis
Posterior Pituitary Disorders... Genera…
SiADH... General Considerations... S/S
Dx... Tx
General Considerations... --Secretes ADH and Oxytocin... --Hormon…
General Considerations... --Abnormally elevated ADH... --Results…
Dx... --CMP (sodium level, plasma osmolality) ... --UA (sodium le…
Posterior Pituitary Axis
Posterior Pituitary Disorders... Genera…
General Considerations... --Secretes ADH and Oxytocin... --Hormon…
11 terms
Endocrinology: Anterior Pituitary Disorders
Prolactin Axis
GH Axis
Anterior Pituitary Gland... General Con…
Hyperprolactinemia... General Considera…
General Considerations... --Secretes hormones:... F: FSH... L: LH... A:…
General Considerations... --Increase release of prolactin in t…
Prolactin Axis
GH Axis
72 terms
Pediatric endocrinology disorders
Anterior pituitary gland
Posterior pituitary gland
Growth hormone deficiency
Congenital GHD clinical features
AKA "Master gland"... Secrete various trophic hormones... may resul…
Storehouse for the hormones ... result in disorders of water hom…
Short stature -usually below 5th percentile
Slight reduced birth length & may not show growth failure... Fr…
Anterior pituitary gland
AKA "Master gland"... Secrete various trophic hormones... may resul…
Posterior pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones ... result in disorders of water hom…
19 terms
Pediatric endocrinology- Disorders of puberty
Physiology of Puberty
pubarche
Gonadarche
Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis
* Onset marked by pubarche and gonadarche
appearance of pubic hair (other features- oiliness of hair an…
increasing secretion of gonadal sex seroids as a result of ma…
Active in the fetus and newborn, suppressed in the childhood…
Physiology of Puberty
* Onset marked by pubarche and gonadarche
pubarche
appearance of pubic hair (other features- oiliness of hair an…
38 terms
Endocrinology - pancreatic disorders
Which is the most anabolic hormone in…
Which hormones are catabolic?
How does insulin affect muscle?
What effects does insulin have on the…
insulin
catecholamines, GH, glucagon, cortisol
increases glucose uptake, increases KETOACID uptake, increase…
decreases levels of cAMP, decreases ketogenesis and gluconeog…
Which is the most anabolic hormone in…
insulin
Which hormones are catabolic?
catecholamines, GH, glucagon, cortisol
49 terms
Endocrinology - adrenocortical disorders
What are the layers in the adrenal cor…
What causes the three types of Cushing…
What proportion of Cushing's cases are…
What is a likely route for metastases…
outer = glomerulosa; produces mineralocorticoids e.g. aldoste…
Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism; bilateral hyperplas…
80-85%
phrenic-adrenal vein that courses over the ventral aspect of…
What are the layers in the adrenal cor…
outer = glomerulosa; produces mineralocorticoids e.g. aldoste…
What causes the three types of Cushing…
Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism; bilateral hyperplas…
33 terms
Endocrinology - thyroid disorders
How does the hypothalamus result in T3…
What proportion of T3/T4 is free in th…
Which thyroid hormone is more metaboli…
How is T3 formed?
Hypo releases TRH (thyrotrophin releasing hormone) which acts…
1% free, 99% protein-bound
T3
80% by deionidation of T4
How does the hypothalamus result in T3…
Hypo releases TRH (thyrotrophin releasing hormone) which acts…
What proportion of T3/T4 is free in th…
1% free, 99% protein-bound
63 terms
Endocrinology - Parathyroid and mineral disorders
What bone type has open, cell-filled a…
What bone type provides strength and i…
Explain the role of osteoblasts
What do osteoblasts produce to form ne…
Spongy Trabecular Bone
Compact bone
Make new bone (ie bone-forming)
Osteoid - mixture of collagen and other proteins to which h…
What bone type has open, cell-filled a…
Spongy Trabecular Bone
What bone type provides strength and i…
Compact bone
37 terms
Exam 3 Endocrinology Disorders
Congenital Hypothyroidism
Primary Hypothyroidism
Secondary Hypothyroidism
Primary Hyperthyroidism
deccreased T3 & T4 due to decreased maternal hormones
decreased T3 & T4; increased TSH & TRH
decreased T3 & T4 ; decreased TSH & TRH
increased T3 & T4; decreased TSH & TRH
Congenital Hypothyroidism
deccreased T3 & T4 due to decreased maternal hormones
Primary Hypothyroidism
decreased T3 & T4; increased TSH & TRH
15 terms
a&P endocrinology disorders
usually caused by brain tumor, head tr…
hypersecretion of HGH during childhood…
hypersecretion of HGH during adulthood…
Hyposecretion of HGH during growth yea…
Diabetes Insipidus DI,
pituitary giantism
Pituitary acromegaly
pituitary dwarfism,
usually caused by brain tumor, head tr…
Diabetes Insipidus DI,
hypersecretion of HGH during childhood…
pituitary giantism
13 terms
endocrinology - thyroid disorders
TH effect on plasma FAs
TH effect on cholesterol
TH effect on lipolysis
TH effect on TGs
increases... stim hepatic FA synth
increase CH synth... but also increase CH excretion... -> overall d…
increases lipolysis in adipose tissue
decrease TGs... accelerated turnover of TGs and CMs
TH effect on plasma FAs
increases... stim hepatic FA synth
TH effect on cholesterol
increase CH synth... but also increase CH excretion... -> overall d…
8 terms
Ch 15: Endocrinological Disorders
** Diabetes ... Parched throat, great thi…
** Diabetes ... Extreme Hunger... Thin appe…
** Diabetes ... Increased Urination... Sedi…
** Hyperthyroidism ... Principal Treatement
Upper Wasting... • UB13,LI4/11: clear upper burner LU heat... • ST3…
Middle Wasting... • LI11, PC6, ST36, REN12, ST44(heat more): cle…
Lower Wasting ... • DU4, REN4, UB23-KD, LV2, KI1/3/6: supplement…
- SI13:regulate Qi & remove phlegm ... - LI17, SI17, REN22: loca…
** Diabetes ... Parched throat, great thi…
Upper Wasting... • UB13,LI4/11: clear upper burner LU heat... • ST3…
** Diabetes ... Extreme Hunger... Thin appe…
Middle Wasting... • LI11, PC6, ST36, REN12, ST44(heat more): cle…
40 terms
Reproductive Endocrinology Testing and Disorders
What is the purpose of the GnRH stimul…
What is the GnRH stimulation test prim…
What is the purpose of the HCG stimula…
What is clomiphene?
Evaluate the ability of the pituitary to produce LH and FSH
To investigate menstrual disturbances and infertility in fema…
To test ability of Leydig cells to secrete testosterone
An anti-estrogen
What is the purpose of the GnRH stimul…
Evaluate the ability of the pituitary to produce LH and FSH
What is the GnRH stimulation test prim…
To investigate menstrual disturbances and infertility in fema…
84 terms
17. Endocrinologic Disorders
the anterior pituitary consists of T…
Growth Hormone Pathway:... hypothalamic h…
THYROID Pathway:... hypothalamic hormone…
ADRENAL Pathway:... hypothalamic hormone…
GLANDULAR: ACTH, TSH, GH, prolactin, FSH, LH... .... .... NERVOUS; ADH…
.... Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH) (+ve) OR Somatost…
.... Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH) (+) -->... .... Thyroid-Stimu…
.... Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH) (+) -->... .... Adrenocorti…
the anterior pituitary consists of T…
GLANDULAR: ACTH, TSH, GH, prolactin, FSH, LH... .... .... NERVOUS; ADH…
Growth Hormone Pathway:... hypothalamic h…
.... Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH) (+ve) OR Somatost…
214 terms
Endocrinology: Thyroid Disorders (Dr. Decerbo)
Thyroid gland:... Thyroid is a small but…
Thyroid Gland:... The function of the th…
Thyroid Hormones:... 1. Thyroxine (T4)... 2.…
Thyroid Hormones:... 1. Thyroxine (T4)... 2.…
1. Thyroxine (T4)... -100 mcg produced daily... 2. Triiodothyronin…
1. bone... 2. heart... 3. liver... 4. pituitary ... 5. brain... 6 adipose ti…
...
Thyroid gland:... Thyroid is a small but…
Thyroid Gland:... The function of the th…
1. Thyroxine (T4)... -100 mcg produced daily... 2. Triiodothyronin…
91 terms
Endocrinology: Adrenal Disorders (Dr. Peterson)
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology Review:... Tw…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... -see image
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... The adren…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... The adren…
1. epinephrine... 2. norepinephrine... 3. dopamine
cortex;... 1. zona glomerulosa (15% of cortex)... 2. zona fasicula…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology Review:... Tw…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... -see image
46 terms
Pituitary Disorders Endocrinology (clinical medicine)
Gigantism Definition
Acromegaly Definition
Gigantism/ Acromegaly Pathophysiology
Gigantism Presentation
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
GH secreting pituitary adenoma or hyperplasia
Due to intracranial mass effect or excess GH/IGF-1... Tall statu…
Gigantism Definition
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
Acromegaly Definition
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
39 terms
NCNM Endocrinology Disorders of the Posterior Pituitary
SIADH is a result of what?
What happens to serum and urine osmola…
What is the most important consequence…
What is the defn of acute hyponatremia?
Too much ADH secretion
SIADH causes:... low serum osmolality... elevated urine osmolality…
Cerebral Edema
develops in less than 24 hours, causes acute cerebral edema
SIADH is a result of what?
Too much ADH secretion
What happens to serum and urine osmola…
SIADH causes:... low serum osmolality... elevated urine osmolality…
7 terms
Endocrinology Case Study Disorders and Diseases
Prolactinoma
Kallmann Syndrome
Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndro…
Swyer Syndrome
A tumor in the anterior pituitary causing hyper-secretion of…
Genetic mutation that causes low GnRH, characterized by lack…
Mutation in the androgen receptor on the X chromosome causing…
SRY gene mutation causes Testis Determining Factor (TDF) to n…
Prolactinoma
A tumor in the anterior pituitary causing hyper-secretion of…
Kallmann Syndrome
Genetic mutation that causes low GnRH, characterized by lack…
29 terms
10. Lab Investigations of Endocrinological Disorders
types of hormones
minimum requirements for feedback system
what is the most common endocrine diso…
how many iodine atoms are in T3 and T4…
peptides ... amino acid derivatives (e.g thyroid hormones) ... ster…
2 production units ... one unit affects production in another un…
thyroid dysfunction
T3 - 3 I , T4 - 4 I ... iodination and coupling of tyrosine mole…
types of hormones
peptides ... amino acid derivatives (e.g thyroid hormones) ... ster…
minimum requirements for feedback system
2 production units ... one unit affects production in another un…
62 terms
Bio 524 - Endocrinology - Diseases/Disorders/Ailments
Zollinger Ellison Syndrome
Gallstones
Enzyme deficiencies
Primary Familial hypercholesterolemia
Patient presents with excessive gastrin levels causing ulcers…
Patient may experience discomfort because of precipitation of…
Patient comes in complaining of symptoms of diarrhea and bloa…
Patient may suffer from high plasma cholesterol due to a defi…
Zollinger Ellison Syndrome
Patient presents with excessive gastrin levels causing ulcers…
Gallstones
Patient may experience discomfort because of precipitation of…
60 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Pituitary Disorders
This is the most common cause of hypop…
Radiation affects this organ of the hy…
During trophic hormone failure, this h…
Deficiency of this hormone has no clin…
Pituitary macroadenoma.
The hypothalamus.
GH.
Prolactin.
This is the most common cause of hypop…
Pituitary macroadenoma.
Radiation affects this organ of the hy…
The hypothalamus.
96 terms
PA-603 Endocrinology: Hypothalamic pituitary disorders
The pituitary gland
How is the pituitary gland connected?
The inferior floor of the sella tursic…
Hormones secreted from the anterior pi…
-pea sized endocrine gland... -located in the sella turcica
the infundibulum or pituitary stalk connected to the hypothal…
posterior superior roof of the sphenoid sinus
-Growth... -Prolactin... -Adrenocorticotropic... -Thyroid stimulating…
The pituitary gland
-pea sized endocrine gland... -located in the sella turcica
How is the pituitary gland connected?
the infundibulum or pituitary stalk connected to the hypothal…
70 terms
PA- 603 Endocrinology: Thyroid disorders: Hyperthyroid
Hyperthyroidism: primary causes
hyperthyroidism: secondary causes
Diffuse toxic goiter/graves: increases…
Diffuse toxic goiter/graves: most comm…
-autoimmune (graves)... -toxic multinodular goiter... -thyroid aden…
pituitary hyper secretion rare
synthesis and release of thyroid hormones... -activating autoant…
women between 20-40... -many with family history
Hyperthyroidism: primary causes
-autoimmune (graves)... -toxic multinodular goiter... -thyroid aden…
hyperthyroidism: secondary causes
pituitary hyper secretion rare
60 terms
Lab Diagnosis- Exam 3: Endocrinology & Autoimmune Disorders
What do parafollicular cells do?
What do follicular cells do?
TBG= ?
TSH >5.0 mU/L, what does this mean?
Make calcitonin for Ca regulation
Make T4 (thyroxine)
Thyroid Binding Globulin... (don't confuse w/ thyroglobulin)
(suggests) HYPOthyroidism
What do parafollicular cells do?
Make calcitonin for Ca regulation
What do follicular cells do?
Make T4 (thyroxine)
42 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 1 Pituitary Disorders (Yuet)
The hypothalamus receives _____ input…
The ____ connects the hypothalamus to…
The hypothalamus regulates what?
Posterior pituitary gland produces the…
Autonomic Nervous
Median eminence
1. Limbic functions... 2. Food and water intake... 3. Body temperat…
1. Vasopressin... 2. Oxytocin
The hypothalamus receives _____ input…
Autonomic Nervous
The ____ connects the hypothalamus to…
Median eminence
35 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 2 Pharmacology Pituitary Disorders (Pang)
What are the drugs used to address GH…
What are some specific drugs in the Gr…
What does GH do? What is it's overall…
Direct GH effects are most prominent w…
1. Growth Hormone... 2. Insulin-like Growth Factor-1
SomatoTROPIN (do not confuse with somatostatin, a GH antagoni…
Overall:... 1. It encourages the burning of fat for energy... 2. It…
False. Direct GH effects are prominent when there is a shorta…
What are the drugs used to address GH…
1. Growth Hormone... 2. Insulin-like Growth Factor-1
What are some specific drugs in the Gr…
SomatoTROPIN (do not confuse with somatostatin, a GH antagoni…
63 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Disorders of the Adrenal Glands
From superficial to deep, these are th…
Androgens are produced in this region…
Glucocorticoids are produced in this r…
Mineralocorticoids are produced in thi…
The zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciulata and the zona reticu…
The zona reticularis.
The zona fasciculata.
The zona glomerulosa.
From superficial to deep, these are th…
The zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciulata and the zona reticu…
Androgens are produced in this region…
The zona reticularis.
32 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Thyroid Disorders in Children
This specific thyroid hormone is criti…
This substance is added to tyrosine in…
These two substances combine to form T3.
These molecules combine to form T4.
T4.
Iodine.
Monoiodotyrosine and diiodotyrosine.
Two diiodotyrosines.
This specific thyroid hormone is criti…
T4.
This substance is added to tyrosine in…
Iodine.
43 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 2: Disorders of the Parathyroid Gland
This is the major cation of the body.
This is the major anion of the body.
This is the primary reservoir for calc…
These are the two major hormones that…
Calcium.
Phosphorus.
The skeleton.
PTH and 1,25-OH vitamin D.
This is the major cation of the body.
Calcium.
This is the major anion of the body.
Phosphorus.
13 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 10 Therapeutics of Thyroid Disorders (Tatachar)
What are the ranges for these followin…
Which of the Thiourea drugs can you us…
You should use Iodides 3 to 7 days aft…
What are some drawbacks for using Iodi…
TSH: 0.5-4.7 mIU/L... FT4: 0.8-2.7 ng/dL... TT4: 4.5-10.9 mcg/dL... TT…
MMI - 2st, 3rd... PTU - 1st
True... Do NOT use BEFORE RAI treatment.
Escape Mechanism (only good for 1-2 weeks)... Iodism... Jod-Basedow…
What are the ranges for these followin…
TSH: 0.5-4.7 mIU/L... FT4: 0.8-2.7 ng/dL... TT4: 4.5-10.9 mcg/dL... TT…
Which of the Thiourea drugs can you us…
MMI - 2st, 3rd... PTU - 1st
19 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 5 Pharmacology of Adrenal Disorders (Pang)
What are the classes of drugs used to…
What about Neuromodulators of ACTH Rel…
What are some steroidogenesis inhibito…
Of the three, which inhibit the synthe…
Steroidogenesis inhibitors, Adrenolytic agents, and Glucocort…
What ABOUT Neuromodulators of ACTH Release? The inconsistency…
Ketoconazole, Metyrapone, Etomidate
a. Ketoconazole.... It inhibits the CYP17 pathway, thus prevent…
What are the classes of drugs used to…
Steroidogenesis inhibitors, Adrenolytic agents, and Glucocort…
What about Neuromodulators of ACTH Rel…
What ABOUT Neuromodulators of ACTH Release? The inconsistency…
12 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 8 Pathophys of Thyroid Disorders (Martin)
What are the three hormones secreted b…
What is the effect of T4 and T3
What is the effect of calcitonin?
Blood flow in the thyroid is the same…
Thyroxine (T4)... Tri-iodothyronine (T3)... Calcitonin
Increase overall metabolism (increase chem. rxn in cells)
Deposits Ca into bone... Lower [Ca++] in the blood.
False. ... 5 times the weight of the gland. That makes it prett…
What are the three hormones secreted b…
Thyroxine (T4)... Tri-iodothyronine (T3)... Calcitonin
What is the effect of T4 and T3
Increase overall metabolism (increase chem. rxn in cells)
14 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 9 Pharmacology of Thyroid Disorders (Machu)
In the synthesis of Thyroid hormone, M…
What is the Wolff-Chaikoff Effect?
T3 is ____ potent than T4 and has a __…
What part of the cell does T3 produce…
a. T3... DIT x2 = T4
An effect where the excessive consumption of iodide results i…
more... shorter
Nucleus via Nuclear receptors
In the synthesis of Thyroid hormone, M…
a. T3... DIT x2 = T4
What is the Wolff-Chaikoff Effect?
An effect where the excessive consumption of iodide results i…
20 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 6 Therapeutics of Adrenal Disorders (Martin)
Oh boy, are you ready to get on Mr. Ma…
What is the treatment of choice for Cu…
You just had a patient who just came o…
If surgery is such a great treatment f…
a. Here goes nothing!... b. Mr. Martin Sez: The Ride Never Ends
It would be Transsphenoid Surgery. ... Removing the tumor seems…
d. 20 mcg/dL
Some patients may be contraindicated for surgery. Others don'…
Oh boy, are you ready to get on Mr. Ma…
a. Here goes nothing!... b. Mr. Martin Sez: The Ride Never Ends
What is the treatment of choice for Cu…
It would be Transsphenoid Surgery. ... Removing the tumor seems…
17 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 4 Pathophys of Adrenal Disorders (Yuet)
Now we're on the subject of Adrenal di…
What does the Medulla secrete?
What about the cortex? What does it se…
Can you describe to me the regulation…
Yeah. Sure. Fine. Whatever.
Catecholamines
1. ALdosterone (a minerALcorticoid) in Zona Glomerulosa... 2. C…
Sure. Hypothalamus secretes Corticotropin Releasing Hormone,…
Now we're on the subject of Adrenal di…
Yeah. Sure. Fine. Whatever.
What does the Medulla secrete?
Catecholamines
42 terms
1.1-2 Endocrinology: Pituitary, Growth hormone disorders
flow chart for control
List the direct catabolic effects of GH
List the indirect anabolic actions of…
Another name for congenital panhypopit…
done
Reduced glucose uptake... Hyperglycaemia... Insulin resistance... Incr…
Increased chondrogenesis... Skeletal growth... Increased protein sy…
Pituitary dwarfism
flow chart for control
done
List the direct catabolic effects of GH
Reduced glucose uptake... Hyperglycaemia... Insulin resistance... Incr…
35 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Pediatric Congenital and Genetic Endocrine Disorders
This condition is caused by an autosom…
This condition presents with elevated…
In female infants, this specific condi…
This specific condition presents with…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
21-hydroxylase deficiency.
21-hydroxylase deficiency.
This condition is caused by an autosom…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
This condition presents with elevated…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
35 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 3 Therapeutics Pituitary Disorder (Yuet)
What is the 1st Line treatment of choi…
What is the cure rate for surgery to t…
Why would radiation therapy, despite t…
In terms of 1st/2nd/3rd Line treatment…
Transphenoidal surgery
50-90% (which is definitely high).
Because the patient wasn't cured by surgery, refused surgery…
1. Surgery... 2. Pharmaceutical... 3. Radiation
What is the 1st Line treatment of choi…
Transphenoidal surgery
What is the cure rate for surgery to t…
50-90% (which is definitely high).
20 terms
8506 CHEM 201 Unit 04 [2015] ENDOCRINOLOGY (PARATHYROID - Calcium Disorders) - (Hypercalcemia)
How is hypercalcemia commonly encounte…
What is hypercalcemia caused by?
What is the most common cause of hyper…
What is the most common cause of hyper…
when the flux of calcium into the ECF from the skeleton, inte…
increased intestinal absorption, renal retention, skeletal re…
primary hyperparathyroidism
malignancy ("wasting away")
How is hypercalcemia commonly encounte…
when the flux of calcium into the ECF from the skeleton, inte…
What is hypercalcemia caused by?
increased intestinal absorption, renal retention, skeletal re…
11 terms
8506 CHEM 201 Unit 04 [2015] ENDOCRINOLOGY (PARATHYROID - Calcium Disorders) - (Hypocalcemia)
What are the two forms of calcium diso…
What causes hypocalcemia?
What is the most common cause of decre…
What are common clinical conditions as…
hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia
reduction in albumin-bound calcium (40%), free fraction of ca…
hypoalbuminemia (also called "pseudohypocalcemia")
chronic liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, congestive heart f…
What are the two forms of calcium diso…
hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia
What causes hypocalcemia?
reduction in albumin-bound calcium (40%), free fraction of ca…
10 terms
8506 CHEM 201 Unit 04 [2015] ENDOCRINOLOGY (Hormones of the Neurohypophysis - AVP Disorders)
What two categories are disorders of A…
What occurs in polyuric states?
What are the three categories of polyu…
What are some cases associated with HD…
hypofunction (polyuric) and hyperfunction (SIADH)
deficient production/action of AVP caused by failure of renal…
deficient AVP production (HDI), deficient AVP action on the K…
neoplastic diseases, neurological surgery, head trauma, ische…
What two categories are disorders of A…
hypofunction (polyuric) and hyperfunction (SIADH)
What occurs in polyuric states?
deficient production/action of AVP caused by failure of renal…
120 terms
Endocrinology Final Exam
Who discovered what stress does to the…
What are the 3 stages of stress adapti…
What is the site of synthesis for aldo…
What hormone, produced within the zona…
Han Selye
alarm stage, resistance stage, and exhaustion stage
zona glomerulosa (cortex of adrenal gland)
aldosterone a mineralcorticoid
Who discovered what stress does to the…
Han Selye
What are the 3 stages of stress adapti…
alarm stage, resistance stage, and exhaustion stage
17 terms
Overview of Endocrine (221 Endocrinology)
Topics
Diabetes Pharm Expectations About Insu…
Reading
Retinopathy Guidelines: Recommendation…
• Diabetes... • Thyroid... • Osteoporosis... • Parathyroid... • Adrenal... •…
• You will be presented lots of detail on insulin dosing. Thi…
ADA Standards Are The Bottom Line... • Cecil chapter 98 (requir…
RETINOPATHY RECOMMENDATIONS:... • Optimize glycemic control to r…
Topics
• Diabetes... • Thyroid... • Osteoporosis... • Parathyroid... • Adrenal... •…
Diabetes Pharm Expectations About Insu…
• You will be presented lots of detail on insulin dosing. Thi…
60 terms
Adrenal Diseases (221 Endocrinology)
Objectives
Adrenal Gland Anatomy
hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
Adrenal Cortical Hormones
1. List the hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex.... 2. Descr…
1)Aldosterone... 2)Cortisol... 3)Androgens
Objectives
1. List the hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex.... 2. Descr…
Adrenal Gland Anatomy
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