Study sets matching "endocrinology disorders"

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Study sets matching "endocrinology disorders"

101 terms
Thyroid Disorders (221 Endocrinology)
Overview
Thyroid Anatomy: Neck/Thyroid
Thyroid Anatomy: Thyroid Components
Thyroid Anatomy: Position
Anatomy... Physiology... Evaluation (including laboratory studie…
Overview
Anatomy... Physiology... Evaluation (including laboratory studie…
Thyroid Anatomy: Neck/Thyroid
89 terms
Pituitary Disorders (221 Endocrinology)
Pituitary Disorders (overview)
ANTERIOR Pituitary Hormones
POSTERIOR Pituitary Hormones
Hypothalmic-Pituitary Axis
Anterior and Posterior Pituitary Hormones... Pituitary Hormone…
Pituitary Disorders (overview)
Anterior and Posterior Pituitary Hormones... Pituitary Hormone…
ANTERIOR Pituitary Hormones
Endocrinology Disorders
Grave's Disease
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Hypothalamo- pituitary disease
Addison's Disease
Autoimmune Hyperthyroidism
Autoimmune Hypothyroidism
Secondary and Tertiary Hypofunction of Adrenal Gland
Primary Adrenal Failure ... Too little Cortisol... Therefore too mu…
Grave's Disease
Autoimmune Hyperthyroidism
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Autoimmune Hypothyroidism
59 terms
Adrenal Disorders (211 Endocrinology)
Objectives
Adrenal Gland Anatomy
Adrenal Gland Function
Cortisol
• Review pathophysiology & function of adrenal hormones... • Ind…
• Inner medulla secretes hormones that are involved in regula…
• Main glucocorticoid hormone produced by adrenal cortex... • M…
Objectives
• Review pathophysiology & function of adrenal hormones... • Ind…
Adrenal Gland Anatomy
55 terms
Endocrinological disorders
why do we need an endocrine system
a "molecular address" ensures __ and _…
5 actions of hormones
2 major classes of hormones
nervous system too inefficient to reach all cells
fidelity ; specificity
homeostasis, metabolism, response to stimuli, morphogenesis,…
steroids and non-steroids
why do we need an endocrine system
nervous system too inefficient to reach all cells
a "molecular address" ensures __ and _…
fidelity ; specificity
Endocrinology: Posterior Pituitary Disorders
Posterior Pituitary Axis
Posterior Pituitary Disorders... Genera…
SiADH... General Considerations... S/S
Dx... Tx
General Considerations... --Secretes ADH and Oxytocin... --Hormon…
General Considerations... --Abnormally elevated ADH... --Results…
Dx... --CMP (sodium level, plasma osmolality) ... --UA (sodium le…
Posterior Pituitary Axis
Posterior Pituitary Disorders... Genera…
General Considerations... --Secretes ADH and Oxytocin... --Hormon…
11 terms
Endocrinology: Anterior Pituitary Disorders
Prolactin Axis
GH Axis
Anterior Pituitary Gland... General Con…
Hyperprolactinemia... General Considera…
General Considerations... --Secretes hormones:... F: FSH... L: LH... A:…
General Considerations... --Increase release of prolactin in t…
Prolactin Axis
GH Axis
72 terms
Pediatric endocrinology disorders
Anterior pituitary gland
Posterior pituitary gland
Growth hormone deficiency
Congenital GHD clinical features
AKA "Master gland"... Secrete various trophic hormones... may resul…
Storehouse for the hormones ... result in disorders of water hom…
Short stature -usually below 5th percentile
Slight reduced birth length & may not show growth failure... Fr…
Anterior pituitary gland
AKA "Master gland"... Secrete various trophic hormones... may resul…
Posterior pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones ... result in disorders of water hom…
19 terms
Pediatric endocrinology- Disorders of puberty
Physiology of Puberty
pubarche
Gonadarche
Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis
* Onset marked by pubarche and gonadarche
appearance of pubic hair (other features- oiliness of hair an…
increasing secretion of gonadal sex seroids as a result of ma…
Active in the fetus and newborn, suppressed in the childhood…
Physiology of Puberty
* Onset marked by pubarche and gonadarche
pubarche
appearance of pubic hair (other features- oiliness of hair an…
a&P endocrinology disorders
usually caused by brain tumor, head tr…
hypersecretion of HGH during childhood…
hypersecretion of HGH during adulthood…
Hyposecretion of HGH during growth yea…
Diabetes Insipidus DI,
pituitary giantism
Pituitary acromegaly
pituitary dwarfism,
usually caused by brain tumor, head tr…
Diabetes Insipidus DI,
hypersecretion of HGH during childhood…
pituitary giantism
49 terms
Endocrinology - adrenocortical disorders
What are the layers in the adrenal cor…
What causes the three types of Cushing…
What proportion of Cushing's cases are…
What is a likely route for metastases…
outer = glomerulosa; produces mineralocorticoids e.g. aldoste…
Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism; bilateral hyperplas…
80-85%
phrenic-adrenal vein that courses over the ventral aspect of…
What are the layers in the adrenal cor…
outer = glomerulosa; produces mineralocorticoids e.g. aldoste…
What causes the three types of Cushing…
Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism; bilateral hyperplas…
33 terms
Endocrinology - thyroid disorders
How does the hypothalamus result in T3…
What proportion of T3/T4 is free in th…
Which thyroid hormone is more metaboli…
How is T3 formed?
Hypo releases TRH (thyrotrophin releasing hormone) which acts…
1% free, 99% protein-bound
T3
80% by deionidation of T4
How does the hypothalamus result in T3…
Hypo releases TRH (thyrotrophin releasing hormone) which acts…
What proportion of T3/T4 is free in th…
1% free, 99% protein-bound
Endocrinology - Thyroid Disorders
Hyperthyroidism/Thyrotoxicosis is the…
What is the state of serum TSH in prim…
The condition is more common in women…
Typical age of onset for hyperthyroidi…
...
Suppressed
8:1, 2%
20, 40
Hyperthyroidism/Thyrotoxicosis is the…
...
What is the state of serum TSH in prim…
Suppressed
38 terms
Endocrinology - pancreatic disorders
Which is the most anabolic hormone in…
Which hormones are catabolic?
How does insulin affect muscle?
What effects does insulin have on the…
insulin
catecholamines, GH, glucagon, cortisol
increases glucose uptake, increases KETOACID uptake, increase…
decreases levels of cAMP, decreases ketogenesis and gluconeog…
Which is the most anabolic hormone in…
insulin
Which hormones are catabolic?
catecholamines, GH, glucagon, cortisol
63 terms
Endocrinology - Parathyroid and mineral disorders
What bone type has open, cell-filled a…
What bone type provides strength and i…
Explain the role of osteoblasts
What do osteoblasts produce to form ne…
Spongy Trabecular Bone
Compact bone
Make new bone (ie bone-forming)
Osteoid - mixture of collagen and other proteins to which h…
What bone type has open, cell-filled a…
Spongy Trabecular Bone
What bone type provides strength and i…
Compact bone
13 terms
endocrinology - thyroid disorders
TH effect on plasma FAs
TH effect on cholesterol
TH effect on lipolysis
TH effect on TGs
increases... stim hepatic FA synth
increase CH synth... but also increase CH excretion... -> overall d…
increases lipolysis in adipose tissue
decrease TGs... accelerated turnover of TGs and CMs
TH effect on plasma FAs
increases... stim hepatic FA synth
TH effect on cholesterol
increase CH synth... but also increase CH excretion... -> overall d…
Endocrinology - Adrenal Gland Disorders
Cushing sydrome is the effects of exce…
One-third of cushing syndrome cases ar…
______ ______ is usually caused by ACT…
Women are affected ______ ______ more…
cortisol
excessive autonomous adrenal cortical secretions and are ACTH…
Cushing disease, anterior pituitary
three times
Cushing sydrome is the effects of exce…
cortisol
One-third of cushing syndrome cases ar…
excessive autonomous adrenal cortical secretions and are ACTH…
Endocrinology - Parathyroid Disorders
There are ______ pea-sized parathyroid…
What is the role of the parathyroid ho…
In what conditions is the parathyroid…
What is the MOA of PTH?
four, posterior
They cause serum calcium levels to rise
It responds to low or falling calcium levels.
- it mobilizes calcium from bones by osteoclast stimulation... -…
There are ______ pea-sized parathyroid…
four, posterior
What is the role of the parathyroid ho…
They cause serum calcium levels to rise
40 terms
Reproductive Endocrinology Testing and Disorders
What is the purpose of the GnRH stimul…
What is the GnRH stimulation test prim…
What is the purpose of the HCG stimula…
What is clomiphene?
Evaluate the ability of the pituitary to produce LH and FSH
To investigate menstrual disturbances and infertility in fema…
To test ability of Leydig cells to secrete testosterone
An anti-estrogen
What is the purpose of the GnRH stimul…
Evaluate the ability of the pituitary to produce LH and FSH
What is the GnRH stimulation test prim…
To investigate menstrual disturbances and infertility in fema…
37 terms
Exam 3 Endocrinology Disorders
Congenital Hypothyroidism
Primary Hypothyroidism
Secondary Hypothyroidism
Primary Hyperthyroidism
deccreased T3 & T4 due to decreased maternal hormones
decreased T3 & T4; increased TSH & TRH
decreased T3 & T4 ; decreased TSH & TRH
increased T3 & T4; decreased TSH & TRH
Congenital Hypothyroidism
deccreased T3 & T4 due to decreased maternal hormones
Primary Hypothyroidism
decreased T3 & T4; increased TSH & TRH
8 terms
Ch 15: Endocrinological Disorders
** Diabetes ... Parched throat, great thi…
** Diabetes ... Extreme Hunger... Thin appe…
** Diabetes ... Increased Urination... Sedi…
** Hyperthyroidism ... Principal Treatement
Upper Wasting... • UB13,LI4/11: clear upper burner LU heat... • ST3…
Middle Wasting... • LI11, PC6, ST36, REN12, ST44(heat more): cle…
Lower Wasting ... • DU4, REN4, UB23-KD, LV2, KI1/3/6: supplement…
- SI13:regulate Qi & remove phlegm ... - LI17, SI17, REN22: loca…
** Diabetes ... Parched throat, great thi…
Upper Wasting... • UB13,LI4/11: clear upper burner LU heat... • ST3…
** Diabetes ... Extreme Hunger... Thin appe…
Middle Wasting... • LI11, PC6, ST36, REN12, ST44(heat more): cle…
46 terms
Pituitary Disorders Endocrinology (clinical medicine)
Gigantism Definition
Acromegaly Definition
Gigantism/ Acromegaly Pathophysiology
Gigantism Presentation
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
GH secreting pituitary adenoma or hyperplasia
Due to intracranial mass effect or excess GH/IGF-1... Tall statu…
Gigantism Definition
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
Acromegaly Definition
Excessive action of IGF-1 while epiphyseal growth plates are…
214 terms
Endocrinology: Thyroid Disorders (Dr. Decerbo)
Thyroid gland:... Thyroid is a small but…
Thyroid Gland:... The function of the th…
Thyroid Hormones:... 1. Thyroxine (T4)... 2.…
Thyroid Hormones:... 1. Thyroxine (T4)... 2.…
1. Thyroxine (T4)... -100 mcg produced daily... 2. Triiodothyronin…
1. bone... 2. heart... 3. liver... 4. pituitary ... 5. brain... 6 adipose ti…
...
Thyroid gland:... Thyroid is a small but…
Thyroid Gland:... The function of the th…
1. Thyroxine (T4)... -100 mcg produced daily... 2. Triiodothyronin…
NCNM Endocrinology Disorders of the Posterior Pituitary
SIADH is a result of what?
What happens to serum and urine osmola…
What is the most important consequence…
What is the defn of acute hyponatremia?
Too much ADH secretion
SIADH causes:... low serum osmolality... elevated urine osmolality…
Cerebral Edema
develops in less than 24 hours, causes acute cerebral edema
SIADH is a result of what?
Too much ADH secretion
What happens to serum and urine osmola…
SIADH causes:... low serum osmolality... elevated urine osmolality…
91 terms
Endocrinology: Adrenal Disorders (Dr. Peterson)
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology Review:... Tw…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... -see image
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... The adren…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... The adren…
1. epinephrine... 2. norepinephrine... 3. dopamine
cortex;... 1. zona glomerulosa (15% of cortex)... 2. zona fasicula…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology Review:... Tw…
Adrenal Anatomy/Physiology:... -see image
84 terms
17. Endocrinologic Disorders
the anterior pituitary consists of T…
Growth Hormone Pathway:... hypothalamic h…
THYROID Pathway:... hypothalamic hormone…
ADRENAL Pathway:... hypothalamic hormone…
GLANDULAR: ACTH, TSH, GH, prolactin, FSH, LH... .... .... NERVOUS; ADH…
.... Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH) (+ve) OR Somatost…
.... Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH) (+) -->... .... Thyroid-Stimu…
.... Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH) (+) -->... .... Adrenocorti…
the anterior pituitary consists of T…
GLANDULAR: ACTH, TSH, GH, prolactin, FSH, LH... .... .... NERVOUS; ADH…
Growth Hormone Pathway:... hypothalamic h…
.... Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH) (+ve) OR Somatost…
Endocrinology Case Study Disorders and Diseases
Prolactinoma
Kallmann Syndrome
Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndro…
Swyer Syndrome
A tumor in the anterior pituitary causing hyper-secretion of…
Genetic mutation that causes low GnRH, characterized by lack…
Mutation in the androgen receptor on the X chromosome causing…
SRY gene mutation causes Testis Determining Factor (TDF) to n…
Prolactinoma
A tumor in the anterior pituitary causing hyper-secretion of…
Kallmann Syndrome
Genetic mutation that causes low GnRH, characterized by lack…
70 terms
PA- 603 Endocrinology: Thyroid disorders: Hyperthyroid
Hyperthyroidism: primary causes
hyperthyroidism: secondary causes
Diffuse toxic goiter/graves: increases…
Diffuse toxic goiter/graves: most comm…
-autoimmune (graves)... -toxic multinodular goiter... -thyroid aden…
pituitary hyper secretion rare
synthesis and release of thyroid hormones... -activating autoant…
women between 20-40... -many with family history
Hyperthyroidism: primary causes
-autoimmune (graves)... -toxic multinodular goiter... -thyroid aden…
hyperthyroidism: secondary causes
pituitary hyper secretion rare
96 terms
PA-603 Endocrinology: Hypothalamic pituitary disorders
The pituitary gland
How is the pituitary gland connected?
The inferior floor of the sella tursic…
Hormones secreted from the anterior pi…
-pea sized endocrine gland... -located in the sella turcica
the infundibulum or pituitary stalk connected to the hypothal…
posterior superior roof of the sphenoid sinus
-Growth... -Prolactin... -Adrenocorticotropic... -Thyroid stimulating…
The pituitary gland
-pea sized endocrine gland... -located in the sella turcica
How is the pituitary gland connected?
the infundibulum or pituitary stalk connected to the hypothal…
29 terms
10. Lab Investigations of Endocrinological Disorders
types of hormones
minimum requirements for feedback system
what is the most common endocrine diso…
how many iodine atoms are in T3 and T4…
peptides ... amino acid derivatives (e.g thyroid hormones) ... ster…
2 production units ... one unit affects production in another un…
thyroid dysfunction
T3 - 3 I , T4 - 4 I ... iodination and coupling of tyrosine mole…
types of hormones
peptides ... amino acid derivatives (e.g thyroid hormones) ... ster…
minimum requirements for feedback system
2 production units ... one unit affects production in another un…
60 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Pituitary Disorders
This is the most common cause of hypop…
Radiation affects this organ of the hy…
During trophic hormone failure, this h…
Deficiency of this hormone has no clin…
Pituitary macroadenoma.
The hypothalamus.
GH.
Prolactin.
This is the most common cause of hypop…
Pituitary macroadenoma.
Radiation affects this organ of the hy…
The hypothalamus.
60 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Pituitary Disorders
This is the most common cause of hypop…
Radiation affects this organ of the hy…
During trophic hormone failure, this h…
Deficiency of this hormone has no clin…
Pituitary macroadenoma.
The hypothalamus.
GH.
Prolactin.
This is the most common cause of hypop…
Pituitary macroadenoma.
Radiation affects this organ of the hy…
The hypothalamus.
60 terms
Lab Diagnosis- Exam 3: Endocrinology & Autoimmune Disorders
What do parafollicular cells do?
What do follicular cells do?
TBG= ?
TSH >5.0 mU/L, what does this mean?
Make calcitonin for Ca regulation
Make T4 (thyroxine)
Thyroid Binding Globulin... (don't confuse w/ thyroglobulin)
(suggests) HYPOthyroidism
What do parafollicular cells do?
Make calcitonin for Ca regulation
What do follicular cells do?
Make T4 (thyroxine)
42 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 1 Pituitary Disorders (Yuet)
The hypothalamus receives _____ input…
The ____ connects the hypothalamus to…
The hypothalamus regulates what?
Posterior pituitary gland produces the…
Autonomic Nervous
Median eminence
1. Limbic functions... 2. Food and water intake... 3. Body temperat…
1. Vasopressin... 2. Oxytocin
The hypothalamus receives _____ input…
Autonomic Nervous
The ____ connects the hypothalamus to…
Median eminence
35 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 2 Pharmacology Pituitary Disorders (Pang)
What are the drugs used to address GH…
What are some specific drugs in the Gr…
What does GH do? What is it's overall…
Direct GH effects are most prominent w…
1. Growth Hormone... 2. Insulin-like Growth Factor-1
SomatoTROPIN (do not confuse with somatostatin, a GH antagoni…
Overall:... 1. It encourages the burning of fat for energy... 2. It…
False. Direct GH effects are prominent when there is a shorta…
What are the drugs used to address GH…
1. Growth Hormone... 2. Insulin-like Growth Factor-1
What are some specific drugs in the Gr…
SomatoTROPIN (do not confuse with somatostatin, a GH antagoni…
13 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 10 Therapeutics of Thyroid Disorders (Tatachar)
What are the ranges for these followin…
Which of the Thiourea drugs can you us…
You should use Iodides 3 to 7 days aft…
What are some drawbacks for using Iodi…
TSH: 0.5-4.7 mIU/L... FT4: 0.8-2.7 ng/dL... TT4: 4.5-10.9 mcg/dL... TT…
MMI - 2st, 3rd... PTU - 1st
True... Do NOT use BEFORE RAI treatment.
Escape Mechanism (only good for 1-2 weeks)... Iodism... Jod-Basedow…
What are the ranges for these followin…
TSH: 0.5-4.7 mIU/L... FT4: 0.8-2.7 ng/dL... TT4: 4.5-10.9 mcg/dL... TT…
Which of the Thiourea drugs can you us…
MMI - 2st, 3rd... PTU - 1st
35 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Pediatric Congenital and Genetic Endocrine Disorders
This condition is caused by an autosom…
This condition presents with elevated…
In female infants, this specific condi…
This specific condition presents with…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
21-hydroxylase deficiency.
21-hydroxylase deficiency.
This condition is caused by an autosom…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
This condition presents with elevated…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
19 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 5 Pharmacology of Adrenal Disorders (Pang)
What are the classes of drugs used to…
What about Neuromodulators of ACTH Rel…
What are some steroidogenesis inhibito…
Of the three, which inhibit the synthe…
Steroidogenesis inhibitors, Adrenolytic agents, and Glucocort…
What ABOUT Neuromodulators of ACTH Release? The inconsistency…
Ketoconazole, Metyrapone, Etomidate
a. Ketoconazole.... It inhibits the CYP17 pathway, thus prevent…
What are the classes of drugs used to…
Steroidogenesis inhibitors, Adrenolytic agents, and Glucocort…
What about Neuromodulators of ACTH Rel…
What ABOUT Neuromodulators of ACTH Release? The inconsistency…
17 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 4 Pathophys of Adrenal Disorders (Yuet)
Now we're on the subject of Adrenal di…
What does the Medulla secrete?
What about the cortex? What does it se…
Can you describe to me the regulation…
Yeah. Sure. Fine. Whatever.
Catecholamines
1. ALdosterone (a minerALcorticoid) in Zona Glomerulosa... 2. C…
Sure. Hypothalamus secretes Corticotropin Releasing Hormone,…
Now we're on the subject of Adrenal di…
Yeah. Sure. Fine. Whatever.
What does the Medulla secrete?
Catecholamines
12 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 8 Pathophys of Thyroid Disorders (Martin)
What are the three hormones secreted b…
What is the effect of T4 and T3
What is the effect of calcitonin?
Blood flow in the thyroid is the same…
Thyroxine (T4)... Tri-iodothyronine (T3)... Calcitonin
Increase overall metabolism (increase chem. rxn in cells)
Deposits Ca into bone... Lower [Ca++] in the blood.
False. ... 5 times the weight of the gland. That makes it prett…
What are the three hormones secreted b…
Thyroxine (T4)... Tri-iodothyronine (T3)... Calcitonin
What is the effect of T4 and T3
Increase overall metabolism (increase chem. rxn in cells)
14 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 9 Pharmacology of Thyroid Disorders (Machu)
In the synthesis of Thyroid hormone, M…
What is the Wolff-Chaikoff Effect?
T3 is ____ potent than T4 and has a __…
What part of the cell does T3 produce…
a. T3... DIT x2 = T4
An effect where the excessive consumption of iodide results i…
more... shorter
Nucleus via Nuclear receptors
In the synthesis of Thyroid hormone, M…
a. T3... DIT x2 = T4
What is the Wolff-Chaikoff Effect?
An effect where the excessive consumption of iodide results i…
20 terms
Exam 2 Endocrinology Lecture 6 Therapeutics of Adrenal Disorders (Martin)
Oh boy, are you ready to get on Mr. Ma…
What is the treatment of choice for Cu…
You just had a patient who just came o…
If surgery is such a great treatment f…
a. Here goes nothing!... b. Mr. Martin Sez: The Ride Never Ends
It would be Transsphenoid Surgery. ... Removing the tumor seems…
d. 20 mcg/dL
Some patients may be contraindicated for surgery. Others don'…
Oh boy, are you ready to get on Mr. Ma…
a. Here goes nothing!... b. Mr. Martin Sez: The Ride Never Ends
What is the treatment of choice for Cu…
It would be Transsphenoid Surgery. ... Removing the tumor seems…
63 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Disorders of the Adrenal Glands
From superficial to deep, these are th…
Androgens are produced in this region…
Glucocorticoids are produced in this r…
Mineralocorticoids are produced in thi…
The zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciulata and the zona reticu…
The zona reticularis.
The zona fasciculata.
The zona glomerulosa.
From superficial to deep, these are th…
The zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciulata and the zona reticu…
Androgens are produced in this region…
The zona reticularis.
43 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 2: Disorders of the Parathyroid Gland
This is the major cation of the body.
This is the major anion of the body.
This is the primary reservoir for calc…
These are the two major hormones that…
Calcium.
Phosphorus.
The skeleton.
PTH and 1,25-OH vitamin D.
This is the major cation of the body.
Calcium.
This is the major anion of the body.
Phosphorus.
32 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Thyroid Disorders in Children
This specific thyroid hormone is criti…
This substance is added to tyrosine in…
These two substances combine to form T3.
These molecules combine to form T4.
T4.
Iodine.
Monoiodotyrosine and diiodotyrosine.
Two diiodotyrosines.
This specific thyroid hormone is criti…
T4.
This substance is added to tyrosine in…
Iodine.
63 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Disorders of the Adrenal Glands
From superficial to deep, these are th…
Androgens are produced in this region…
Glucocorticoids are produced in this r…
Mineralocorticoids are produced in thi…
The zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciulata and the zona reticu…
The zona reticularis.
The zona fasciculata.
The zona glomerulosa.
From superficial to deep, these are th…
The zona glomerulosa, the zona fasciulata and the zona reticu…
Androgens are produced in this region…
The zona reticularis.
32 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Thyroid Disorders in Children
This specific thyroid hormone is criti…
This substance is added to tyrosine in…
These two substances combine to form T3.
These molecules combine to form T4.
T4.
Iodine.
Monoiodotyrosine and diiodotyrosine.
Two diiodotyrosines.
This specific thyroid hormone is criti…
T4.
This substance is added to tyrosine in…
Iodine.
43 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 2: Disorders of the Parathyroid Gland
This is the major cation of the body.
This is the major anion of the body.
This is the primary reservoir for calc…
These are the two major hormones that…
Calcium.
Phosphorus.
The skeleton.
PTH and 1,25-OH vitamin D.
This is the major cation of the body.
Calcium.
This is the major anion of the body.
Phosphorus.
147 terms
Endocrinology Disorders - Etiology, Clinical Presentation, Diagnostics, Management + 295672 Diabetes Medications
Hyperparathyroidism - Etiology
Hyperparathyroidism - Clinical Present…
Hyperparathyroidism - Diagnostics
Hyperparathyroidism - Management
- secondary to parathyroid adenoma
- bone pain... - arthralgia... - fractures/bone lesions... - anorexia…
- CMP: increased Ca, Cr, BUN... - low serum phosphate... - increase…
- surgical removal of effected parathyroid... - estrogen/progest…
Hyperparathyroidism - Etiology
- secondary to parathyroid adenoma
Hyperparathyroidism - Clinical Present…
- bone pain... - arthralgia... - fractures/bone lesions... - anorexia…
35 terms
Block 6 CM Endocrinology 1: Pediatric Congenital and Genetic Endocrine Disorders
This condition is caused by an autosom…
This condition presents with elevated…
In female infants, this specific condi…
This specific condition presents with…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
21-hydroxylase deficiency.
21-hydroxylase deficiency.
This condition is caused by an autosom…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
This condition presents with elevated…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
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