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Study sets matching "endocrinology"

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Study sets matching "endocrinology"

29 terms
Endocrinology
Endocrinology
Function of Endocrine Hormones
characteristics of hormones
Polypeptides and proteins
The study of cellular communication that is carried out by th…
-Reproduction ... -Growth and Development ... -Maintenance of Inter…
-synthesized and secreted by specialized cells or neurons in…
are chains of amino acids ... -consist of specific amino acids... -…
Endocrinology
The study of cellular communication that is carried out by th…
Function of Endocrine Hormones
-Reproduction ... -Growth and Development ... -Maintenance of Inter…
68 terms
Endocrinology
1. Patients with palpable thyroid nodu…
*1. Patients with a palpable thyroid n…
Thyroid cancer - adenoma vs carcinoma
Papillary thyroid carcinoma
if >1cm consider thyroid cancer but know that 70% of time; it…
Adenoma - intact, well formed capsule encircles the tumour…
• Most common thyroid cancer... • Any age, mainly 20-40 yrs ... • M…
1. Patients with palpable thyroid nodu…
*1. Patients with a palpable thyroid n…
if >1cm consider thyroid cancer but know that 70% of time; it…
21 terms
Endocrinology
2 main kinds of hormones
Protein and Amine hormones
Steroids
Hypothalamus
Protein and Amine hormones ... Steriod hormones
binds normally with receptors and often alters gene expressio…
pass through cell membrane and alters gene expression inside…
Release corticotropin-releasing hormones to Pituitary gland t…
2 main kinds of hormones
Protein and Amine hormones ... Steriod hormones
Protein and Amine hormones
binds normally with receptors and often alters gene expressio…
24 terms
Endocrinology
Diagnostic gigantism/acromegaly
growth deficiency
prolactin function
etiology pituitary insufficiency
- glucose tolerance test: GH>1ng/ml... - IGF-1 increased
- intravenous insulin tolerance test ... - clonidine/arginine test
- lactation... - inhibits GnRH --> amenorrhea
- Invasion: adenoma, craniopharyngioma... - Iatrogenic: radiatio…
Diagnostic gigantism/acromegaly
- glucose tolerance test: GH>1ng/ml... - IGF-1 increased
growth deficiency
- intravenous insulin tolerance test ... - clonidine/arginine test
162 terms
Endocrinology
What are 7 things to know about every…
What is an example of a paracrine enzy…
What is an example of an autocrine enz…
Define Apocrine (merocrine). Give an e…
1. name and where it comes from ... 2. main stimulus - who ... 3. m…
· GI somatostatin only works on the GI hormones ... · Hypothalam…
Thymosin and thymopoietin are secreted by the thymus and only…
Tip of cell is secreted with the substance ... 90% sweat glands
What are 7 things to know about every…
1. name and where it comes from ... 2. main stimulus - who ... 3. m…
What is an example of a paracrine enzy…
· GI somatostatin only works on the GI hormones ... · Hypothalam…
10 terms
Endocrinology
17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency - chem…
11-beta hydroxylase deficiency - chemi…
most common cause of congenital adrena…
manifestations of CAH
mineralocorticoid excess (aldosterone) and glucocorticoid and…
low mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, excess androgens…
21-hydroxylase deficiency
hyperkalemia, acidosis, hyponatremia, ambiguous genitalia in…
17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency - chem…
mineralocorticoid excess (aldosterone) and glucocorticoid and…
11-beta hydroxylase deficiency - chemi…
low mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, excess androgens…
9 terms
Endocrinology
CONN'S SYNDROME: ↑ Aldosterone... (adrena…
ADDISON'S DISEASE: low cortisol & low…
PROLACTIN-SECRETING TUMOUR/COMPRESSION…
EXCESS FSH/LH... - precocious puberty... - m…
PHAEOCHROMOCYTOMA: ↑ plasma catecholamines... (catecholamine sec…
PANHYPOPITUITISM: pituitary adenoma... -Physical signs & symptom…
CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA... - impaired enzyme (usually 21O…
ACROMEGALY: ↑GH (gigantism if before puberty)... - Physical sign…
CONN'S SYNDROME: ↑ Aldosterone... (adrena…
PHAEOCHROMOCYTOMA: ↑ plasma catecholamines... (catecholamine sec…
ADDISON'S DISEASE: low cortisol & low…
PANHYPOPITUITISM: pituitary adenoma... -Physical signs & symptom…
162 terms
Endocrinology
What are 7 things to know about every…
What is an example of a paracrine enzy…
What is an example of an autocrine enz…
Define Apocrine (merocrine). Give an e…
1. name and where it comes from ... 2. main stimulus - who ... 3. m…
· GI somatostatin only works on the GI hormones ... · Hypothalam…
Thymosin and thymopoietin are secreted by the thymus and only…
Tip of cell is secreted with the substance ... 90% sweat glands
What are 7 things to know about every…
1. name and where it comes from ... 2. main stimulus - who ... 3. m…
What is an example of a paracrine enzy…
· GI somatostatin only works on the GI hormones ... · Hypothalam…
170 terms
Endocrinology
What is an endocrine gland?
What is an exocrine gland?
What are other names for posterior pit…
What are other names for anterior pitu…
Ductless glands that secrete hormone directly into blood. Lon…
Glands that secrete enzymes directly to target site. Short te…
Neurohypophysis
Adenohypophysis
What is an endocrine gland?
Ductless glands that secrete hormone directly into blood. Lon…
What is an exocrine gland?
Glands that secrete enzymes directly to target site. Short te…
109 terms
Endocrinology
What kind of solubility do peptide and…
Where are receptors for peptide and pr…
Are peptide and protein hormones bound…
What kind of solubility do steroid hor…
Water soluble
Membrane
Unbound (short 1/2 life), they dissolve readily in plamsa
Fat soluble
What kind of solubility do peptide and…
Water soluble
Where are receptors for peptide and pr…
Membrane
146 terms
endocrinology
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
76 terms
Endocrinology
My topics
Why do you get hypoglycemia with ACTH…
Causes of Hypopituitarism :
Management/Diagnostic Testing for Hypo…
Because both cortisol and growth hormone have opposing effect…
•Various midline structural anomalies... •Optic nerve hypoplasia…
•50 mg of hydrocortisone/m2/day (hydrocortisone IV infusion 1…
My topics
Why do you get hypoglycemia with ACTH…
Because both cortisol and growth hormone have opposing effect…
92 terms
Endocrinology
Symptoms: Nervousness, anxiety, irrita…
Check what when patients come to the h…
Signs of hyperthyroidism besides... enlar…
What form of hyperthyoidism has:... paral…
hyperthyroidism
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)... hyperthyroidism
Signs:... thyroid "stare"—lid lag... exophthalmos... proptosis... ophthal…
Graves disease... ophthalmoplegia ... and... pretibial myxedema
Symptoms: Nervousness, anxiety, irrita…
hyperthyroidism
Check what when patients come to the h…
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)... hyperthyroidism
16 terms
Endocrinology
What is dwarfism
What gland involves dwarfism
What gland causes ... Diabetes incepedius
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus
Hyper secretion of growth hormone in early years
Pituitary gland
Hypo thalamus
Glucose In the urin
What is dwarfism
Hyper secretion of growth hormone in early years
What gland involves dwarfism
Pituitary gland
82 terms
Endocrinology
Disorders of Sexual Development ... - Ab…
Disorders of Sexual Development ... - And…
Disorders of Sexual Development ... - Ant…
Disorders of Sexual Development ... - 5α-…
- AR ... - 46 XY... - inability of body to respond to LH which sign…
- AR, X linked ... - 46 XY ... - complete, partial or mild mutation…
- AR ... - 46XY ... - normal signaling of Leydig cells to produce t…
- AR ... - 46 XY ... - inability testicular testosterone to be conv…
Disorders of Sexual Development ... - Ab…
- AR ... - 46 XY... - inability of body to respond to LH which sign…
Disorders of Sexual Development ... - And…
- AR, X linked ... - 46 XY ... - complete, partial or mild mutation…
97 terms
Endocrinology
Describe the regulation of the hypotha…
What are hypothalamic hormones?
What are the anterior pituitary hormon…
What is the function of growth hormone…
CNS sends signal to hypothalamus... (releasing/inhibiting hormon…
TRH, GnRH, CRH, GHRH, Somatostatin (-), PrlRH, Dopamine (-)
hormones that go to direct target: GH, PRL... tropic (act on ano…
Promotes growth of soft tissues, muscle, cartilage, bone via…
Describe the regulation of the hypotha…
CNS sends signal to hypothalamus... (releasing/inhibiting hormon…
What are hypothalamic hormones?
TRH, GnRH, CRH, GHRH, Somatostatin (-), PrlRH, Dopamine (-)
28 terms
Endocrinology
Endocrine
Exocrine
apocrine gland
Eccrine gland
- synthesize and secretes hormones into bloodstream
secrete substances into ducts
gland that responds to stress (ex. sweat glands)
gland responsible for maintenance of body temperature (ex. sw…
Endocrine
- synthesize and secretes hormones into bloodstream
Exocrine
secrete substances into ducts
74 terms
Endocrinology
Intro
endocrinology
endocrine system:
Functions of hormones:
human body contains 10 trillion cells which lie more than 2 m…
study of hormones and disorders of these hormones
-hypothalamus and pituitary... -thyroid and parathyroid... -adrenal…
-homeostasis- constant internal environment... -regulate growth…
Intro
human body contains 10 trillion cells which lie more than 2 m…
endocrinology
study of hormones and disorders of these hormones
108 terms
Endocrinology
What is a Hormone?
What are the 2 components of pituitary…
What are the 2 class of hormone produc…
How is the anterior pituitary gland re…
A chemical secreted by glands and travel via blood to target…
Anterior Pituitary (adenohypophysis) and Posterior Pituitary…
Glycoproteins TROPHIC HORMONES and PEPTIDE HORMONE.
It is regulated via HYPOTHALAMIC NEUROPEPTIDES that activate…
What is a Hormone?
A chemical secreted by glands and travel via blood to target…
What are the 2 components of pituitary…
Anterior Pituitary (adenohypophysis) and Posterior Pituitary…
94 terms
Endocrinology
What hormones produced by the anterior…
What are the two hormones secreted by…
What is the most common type of pituit…
What disease, associated with pituitar…
fat plg... (1) FSH ... (2) LH ... (3) ACTH... (4) TSH ... (5) Prolactin ... (6)…
(1) Oxytocin ... (2) ADH
Prolactinoma; ... Macroadenoma
Prolactinoma; ... Prolactin
What hormones produced by the anterior…
fat plg... (1) FSH ... (2) LH ... (3) ACTH... (4) TSH ... (5) Prolactin ... (6)…
What are the two hormones secreted by…
(1) Oxytocin ... (2) ADH
67 terms
Endocrinology
endocrine system vs nervous system
Major classes of hormones and solubility
Peptides... -peptide hormones... -polypeptid…
Peptide synthesis
endocrine: ... -travels throughout body... -slower... -longer duration…
1) Peptides (water soluble)... 2) Steroids (lipid soluble)... 3) Am…
-water soluble... -most hormones... -chains of amino acids ... 1) Pept…
synthesized as preprohormone... 1) preprohormone... 2) Cleavage int…
endocrine system vs nervous system
endocrine: ... -travels throughout body... -slower... -longer duration…
Major classes of hormones and solubility
1) Peptides (water soluble)... 2) Steroids (lipid soluble)... 3) Am…
56 terms
Endocrinology
Define the 3 diagnostic categories of DM
What are the two major concerns with M…
Which DM agents promote weight loss?
Which DM agents can cause weight gain?
A1c of 6.5... Fasting 126 on two occasions... +200 random with symp…
Renal dysfunction... Lactic acidosis
GLP-1 agents like Exenatide... Metformin
Sulfonylureas like glipizide, glyburide
Define the 3 diagnostic categories of DM
A1c of 6.5... Fasting 126 on two occasions... +200 random with symp…
What are the two major concerns with M…
Renal dysfunction... Lactic acidosis
193 terms
Endocrinology
1. What are carpopedal spasms?... 2. Why…
1. What are normal calcium ranges?... 2.…
1. How is trosseau's sign elicited?... 2.…
1. What is a positive chvosteks sign l…
1. Violent, painful contractions of the hands or feet... 2. As a…
1. 9-11 mg/dl ... 2. <6.5 mg/dl
1. By inflating BP CUFF above systolic pressure (20 mm hg abo…
1. Abnormal unilateral spasm of the facial muscle when facial…
1. What are carpopedal spasms?... 2. Why…
1. Violent, painful contractions of the hands or feet... 2. As a…
1. What are normal calcium ranges?... 2.…
1. 9-11 mg/dl ... 2. <6.5 mg/dl
16 terms
endocrinology
A molecular that carries a hormone in…
Insulin mediated muscle glucose uptake…
The most common mechanism by which... hor…
One classic endocrine we will discuss…
carrier
alter cell membrane transport
negative feedback loop
renal gland
A molecular that carries a hormone in…
carrier
Insulin mediated muscle glucose uptake…
alter cell membrane transport
127 terms
Endocrinology
caused by a deficiency of or a resista…
at what serum osmolality does thirst k…
primary or secondary DI is familial re…
due to hypothalamic or pituitary patho…
diabetes insipidus
290
primary
secondary DI
caused by a deficiency of or a resista…
diabetes insipidus
at what serum osmolality does thirst k…
290
17 terms
Endocrinology
Endocrinology
Hormones
Target Tissues/Organs
Pituitary... Pineal... Thyroid... Parathyroid... T…
The study of the ductless glands and their secretions ("hormo…
Regulatory molecules secreted into the extracellular space th…
Cells, organs, or groups of tissues affected by a hormone
8 Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
The study of the ductless glands and their secretions ("hormo…
Hormones
Regulatory molecules secreted into the extracellular space th…
49 terms
Endocrinology
What diseases can you use Desmopressin…
What diseases can you use Octreootide…
What should you consider in ALL cases…
How do hypo and hyper - natremia present
Central DI (intranasally)... vWF deficiency... Mild hemophilia A
Acromegaly... Carcinoid... VIP tumors... Insulinoma... Variceal bleeds
SIADH
The same way!!!... mental status changes... If severe: confusion,…
What diseases can you use Desmopressin…
Central DI (intranasally)... vWF deficiency... Mild hemophilia A
What diseases can you use Octreootide…
Acromegaly... Carcinoid... VIP tumors... Insulinoma... Variceal bleeds
56 terms
Endocrinology
In what bone does the pituitary gland…
What is released by the posterior pitu…
what is the pathway for T3 and T4 rele…
What is the pathway for steroid release?
Sphenoid bone in the sella turicica
Oxytocin and ADH
TRH from hypothalamous, TSH from ant pit, T3 and T4 from thyr…
CRH from hypthalamous, ACTH from ant pit, stimulation of adre…
In what bone does the pituitary gland…
Sphenoid bone in the sella turicica
What is released by the posterior pitu…
Oxytocin and ADH
13 terms
Endocrinology
Type 1 diabetes
Type II diabetes
Secondary diabetes causes
Diestrus increases _____ which increas…
Insulin-dependent diabetes- the type dogs get
Non-Insuline dependent diabetes- occurs in cats
include pancreatic disease, hormonal, drug induced, insulin r…
Progesterone, GH
Type 1 diabetes
Insulin-dependent diabetes- the type dogs get
Type II diabetes
Non-Insuline dependent diabetes- occurs in cats
56 terms
ENDOCRINOLOGY
Two major regulatory systems found in…
endocrinology
hormone
Exocrine gland
Nervous - short term quick response (neurotransmitters)... Endoc…
Study of hormones, hormone receptors and signaling pathways t…
A chemical secreted by a cell or group of cells into the bloo…
uses ducts to transport product to body surfaces or body cavi…
Two major regulatory systems found in…
Nervous - short term quick response (neurotransmitters)... Endoc…
endocrinology
Study of hormones, hormone receptors and signaling pathways t…
42 terms
Endocrinology
What are 3 manifestations of PRIMARY A…
What is the classic triad of pheochrom…
What 3 medical manifestations would le…
The diagnosis of pheochromocytoma is t…
Hypertension, hypokalemia & secondary HTN
(1) Sweating... (2) Episodic headache... (3) Tachycardia... "SET"
-Hyperadrenergic spells... -Resistant/secondary hypertension... -Ne…
Urinary and plasma fractionated metanephrines and catecholami…
What are 3 manifestations of PRIMARY A…
Hypertension, hypokalemia & secondary HTN
What is the classic triad of pheochrom…
(1) Sweating... (2) Episodic headache... (3) Tachycardia... "SET"
105 terms
Endocrinology
What is a Hormone?
What are the 2 components of pituitary…
What are the 2 class of hormone produc…
How is the anterior pituitary gland re…
A chemical secreted by glands and travel via blood to target…
Anterior Pituitary (adenohypophysis) and Posterior Pituitary…
Glycoproteins TROPHIC HORMONES and PEPTIDE HORMONE.
It is regulated via HYPOTHALAMIC NEUROPEPTIDES that activate…
What is a Hormone?
A chemical secreted by glands and travel via blood to target…
What are the 2 components of pituitary…
Anterior Pituitary (adenohypophysis) and Posterior Pituitary…
58 terms
Endocrinology
Normal fasting level glucose
Excess glucose is converted into what?…
What happens in insulin deficiency?
Early symptoms of hyperglycemia
80 - 90 mg/100mL
Fatty acids. Lipogenesis.
Uses fat for energy. Acetic acid is produced and can lead to…
Insidious onset, polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, blurred vi…
Normal fasting level glucose
80 - 90 mg/100mL
Excess glucose is converted into what?…
Fatty acids. Lipogenesis.
214 terms
Endocrinology
pharynx;... thyroglossal;... foramen cecum…
thyroglossal duct cyst
branchial cleft cysts
mesoderm;... neural crest
Thyroid Embryology... Thyroid diverticulum arises from the floo…
_________ ______ ____ presents as an anterior midline neck ma…
Congenital lesions that arise from remnants of a slight cleft…
Adrenal gland embryology:... cortex derives from the _______,... m…
pharynx;... thyroglossal;... foramen cecum…
Thyroid Embryology... Thyroid diverticulum arises from the floo…
thyroglossal duct cyst
_________ ______ ____ presents as an anterior midline neck ma…
77 terms
Endocrinology
Endocrine and nervous systems
Homeostasis
Nervous system
Endocrine system
What are the 2 systems that control a body functions and regu…
This is the term for the tendency of an organism to maintain…
This system controls homeostasis, nerve impulses, and excitat…
This system controls homeostasis through the release of hormo…
Endocrine and nervous systems
What are the 2 systems that control a body functions and regu…
Homeostasis
This is the term for the tendency of an organism to maintain…
46 terms
Endocrinology
What is insulin secretion triggered by?
By which receptor does glucose enter b…
Which channel closes in the beta cells…
What are the four main actions of insu…
High blood glucose
GLUT2
ATP dependent potassium channel
Suppresses glycogenolysis (breakdown of glycogen) ... Suppresses…
What is insulin secretion triggered by?
High blood glucose
By which receptor does glucose enter b…
GLUT2
59 terms
Endocrinology
name 3 cholesterol and tyrosine hormones
What are the 3 endocrine glands in the…
what is cholesterol turned into in the…
What is a trophic hormone?
testosterone, progesterone and oestrogen ... T3, T4 and dopamine
hypthalamus, pineal gland and the pituitary gland
prognenalone
Hormone that acts on a cell to stimulate and secretion of ano…
name 3 cholesterol and tyrosine hormones
testosterone, progesterone and oestrogen ... T3, T4 and dopamine
What are the 3 endocrine glands in the…
hypthalamus, pineal gland and the pituitary gland
92 terms
Endocrinology
What is endocrinology?
Internal environment stability
Nervous system vs endocrine system
The endocrine system consists of:
The study of how the cells use chemical agents (hormones) to…
homeostasis
Nervous: Rapid communication... Endocrine: Longer delays and eff…
A host organ (gland), chemical messengers (hormones), and a t…
What is endocrinology?
The study of how the cells use chemical agents (hormones) to…
Internal environment stability
homeostasis
97 terms
Endocrinology
What are BS levels for impaired glucos…
T/F: Lithium, steriods, estrogen and t…
Dx DM type 11: What 6 labs could you o…
T/F: Vitamin C can affect a pt's A1C
fasting BG: 100-125... 2 HR BG: 140-199... A1C: 5.7-6.4
True
1. random BS + 2/2 ... 2. Fasting glcuose ... 3. 2 hour plasma gluc…
true
What are BS levels for impaired glucos…
fasting BG: 100-125... 2 HR BG: 140-199... A1C: 5.7-6.4
T/F: Lithium, steriods, estrogen and t…
True
8 terms
endocrinology
Goatflap
gOatflap
goAtflap
goaTflap
growth hormone... purpose:... affects metabolism in many tissues,…
oxytocin... purpose:... controls the ejaculation of milk during br…
vasopressin or ADH antidiuretic... purpose: acts on the kidneys…
thyrotropin stimulating hormone... purpose:... controls hormone sy…
Goatflap
growth hormone... purpose:... affects metabolism in many tissues,…
gOatflap
oxytocin... purpose:... controls the ejaculation of milk during br…
11 terms
ENDOCRINOLOGY
What are the 2 systems of communication?
What does the ES help the body to adap…
What are the 4 ways that cells communi…
What are hormones
Nervous and Endocrine
Stress
Gap Junctions... Neurotransmitters... Paracrine Hormones... Hormones
Chemical messengers that are transported through the bloodstr…
What are the 2 systems of communication?
Nervous and Endocrine
What does the ES help the body to adap…
Stress
45 terms
Endocrinology
What are the organs/glands that have e…
What is the ultimate goal of the endoc…
What is the difference between endocri…
What is the function of the hypothalam…
adrenal... heart... hypothalamus... pituitary... kidneys - stimulates pro…
to maintain homeostasis
endocrine - gets into blood stream; diffuse effect
"Master gland" - the major producer of releasing hormones tha…
What are the organs/glands that have e…
adrenal... heart... hypothalamus... pituitary... kidneys - stimulates pro…
What is the ultimate goal of the endoc…
to maintain homeostasis
13 terms
Endocrinology
Diabetic Ketoacidosis... 1. Cause?... 2. Sx…
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia (HHS)... 1. Ca…
Diabetes Pharmacotherapy (chart pg 85…
Pseudohypoparathyroidism... 1. What is it…
1. Cause: In Type 1 Diabetics, infections, trauma, alcohol, s…
1. Cause: same as DKA... 2. Sx: Profound mental status change, d…
- Metformin: incr insulin sensitivity, decr hepatic GNG... - Suf…
1. PTH resistance; will see elevated PTH but low calcium and…
Diabetic Ketoacidosis... 1. Cause?... 2. Sx…
1. Cause: In Type 1 Diabetics, infections, trauma, alcohol, s…
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia (HHS)... 1. Ca…
1. Cause: same as DKA... 2. Sx: Profound mental status change, d…
53 terms
Endocrinology
Acromegaly
ACTH
Addison's Disease
ADH
Condition produced by hypersecretion of GH in adulthood; bone…
Adrenocorticoptropic hormone... Anterior Pituitary... Target Organ…
Condition of hyposecretion of aldosterone and cortisol
Posterior Pituitary ... Target Organ & Functions:... - Kidney-incre…
Acromegaly
Condition produced by hypersecretion of GH in adulthood; bone…
ACTH
Adrenocorticoptropic hormone... Anterior Pituitary... Target Organ…
49 terms
endocrinology
laser therapy for DM retinopathy
nonfunctioning adrenal mass >6 cm
adrenal mass <4 cm < 20 hounsfield units
hypercalcemia in granulomatous disease…
improved central vision, decreased peripheral vision and nigh…
25% malignant, Tx adrenalectomy
repeat scan 6-12 months
excess 1,25 vitamin D
laser therapy for DM retinopathy
improved central vision, decreased peripheral vision and nigh…
nonfunctioning adrenal mass >6 cm
25% malignant, Tx adrenalectomy
27 terms
Endocrinology
What is the most common disease cause…
How much more common is cardiovascular…
What distribution is the peripheral ne…
What does the HbA1c level correlate be…
95-97% of hypothyroidism is primary - caused by the gland its…
2x more common
Peripheral - glove and stocking distribution
Microvascular complications - especially retinopathy
What is the most common disease cause…
95-97% of hypothyroidism is primary - caused by the gland its…
How much more common is cardiovascular…
2x more common
38 terms
Endocrinology
hyperpituitarism
hypopituitarism
panhypopituitarism
galactorrhea
hypersecretion of one of all hormones of the anterior pituita…
hyposecretion of one or more hormones of the anterior pituita…
hyposecretion of all hormones
hypersecretion of prolactin caused by an adenoma
hyperpituitarism
hypersecretion of one of all hormones of the anterior pituita…
hypopituitarism
hyposecretion of one or more hormones of the anterior pituita…
40 terms
Endocrinology
What are Hormones?
What are the Major Endocrine glands?
What does the Hypothalamus do?
What does the Pituitary Gland do?
chemical substances that are released directly into the blood…
- Hypothalamus... - Pituitary Gland... - Thyroid Gland... - Parathyroi…
Links the nervous system to the pituitary gland
Functions in growth, BP, breast milk production, sex organ fu…
What are Hormones?
chemical substances that are released directly into the blood…
What are the Major Endocrine glands?
- Hypothalamus... - Pituitary Gland... - Thyroid Gland... - Parathyroi…
145 terms
Endocrinology
Diabetes type 1 vs Type 2 ... 1. onset... 2.…
Diabetes ... 1. Dx with one of the follow…
diabetes ... 1. strongest indication for…
Mechanism of type 2 diabetes
1. 2x fasting glucose > /= 126... 2. random glucose > 200 w/ sym…
hypertension
Diabetes type 1 vs Type 2 ... 1. onset... 2.…
Diabetes ... 1. Dx with one of the follow…
1. 2x fasting glucose > /= 126... 2. random glucose > 200 w/ sym…
31 terms
Endocrinology
What are the 3 classes of hormones?
How are T3 and T4 synthesised?
Is T3 or T4 more active?
How does the hypothalamus effect the a…
Peptides - vary from small peptides to long chain proteins... Am…
Thyroglobulin made in follicle and is then transported into c…
T3 (x5 more active)
The hypothalamus releases thyrotropin-releasing hormone to th…
What are the 3 classes of hormones?
Peptides - vary from small peptides to long chain proteins... Am…
How are T3 and T4 synthesised?
Thyroglobulin made in follicle and is then transported into c…
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