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Study sets matching "energy metabolism photosynthesis"

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Study sets matching "energy metabolism photosynthesis"

13 terms
Energy, Metabolism, Photosynthesis. Bio
entropy
anabolic
catabolic
metabolism
amount of disorganization
building up uses energy
breaking down releases energy
anabolism and catabolism
entropy
amount of disorganization
anabolic
building up uses energy
44 terms
Energy Metabolism & Photosynthesis
oxidation
reduction
NADH
NAD
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
Nicotinamide adeninedinucleotide 'reduced form'
oxidized form of NADH compound
oxidation
loss of electrons
reduction
gain of electrons
47 terms
Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis
Absorption Spectrum
Action spectrum
Anabolic structures
Anoxygenic photosynthesis
Graph indicating the relative abilities of pigments to absorb…
A graph of the relative rates of reaction of a process as inf…
Metabolic structures in which large molecules are constructed…
In purple and green bacteria, this type of photosynthesis doe…
Absorption Spectrum
Graph indicating the relative abilities of pigments to absorb…
Action spectrum
A graph of the relative rates of reaction of a process as inf…
15 terms
Energy, Metabolism, Photosynthesis
What is the pigment family, specific,…
What is the pigment family, specific,…
What is the pigment family, specific,…
What is the pigment family, specific,…
Pigment Family: Chlorophylls, Chlorophyll A, Chloroplast, cap…
Pigment Family: Chlorophylls, Chlorophyll B, chloroplasts, ca…
Pigment Family: Carotenoids, Xanthophyll, chloroplast, captur…
Carotenoids, Carotene, Chloroplast, capture light energy- lot…
What is the pigment family, specific,…
Pigment Family: Chlorophylls, Chlorophyll A, Chloroplast, cap…
What is the pigment family, specific,…
Pigment Family: Chlorophylls, Chlorophyll B, chloroplasts, ca…
Photosynthesis, energy flow and metabolism
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Cellular Respiration
the process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
organisms that use energy from sunlight or chemical bonds in…
organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly…
a metabolic process similar to burning fuel
Photosynthesis
the process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Autotrophs
organisms that use energy from sunlight or chemical bonds in…
21 terms
Energy: Photosynthesis + Metabolism random stuff
Glycolysis description
Glycolysis products
substrate level phosphorylation
What regulates glycolysis?
splits one glucose into two pyruvate,
net 2 ATP and 2 NADH
phosphorylation done separate from metabolism
phosphofructokinase works better when ATP not inhibiting
Glycolysis description
splits one glucose into two pyruvate,
Glycolysis products
net 2 ATP and 2 NADH
43 terms
Ch. 10: Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis
Absorption Spectrum
Action Spectrum
Anabolic Reactions
Anoxygenic Photosynthesis
a graph of the relative ability of a pigment to absorb differ…
a graph of the relative rates of reaction of a process (photo…
reactions in which large molecules are constructed from small…
Bacterial photosynthesis that does not use water for an elect…
Absorption Spectrum
a graph of the relative ability of a pigment to absorb differ…
Action Spectrum
a graph of the relative rates of reaction of a process (photo…
43 terms
Ch. 10: Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis
Absorption Spectrum
Action Spectrum
Anabolic Reactions
Anoxygenic Photosynthesis
a graph of the relative ability of a pigment to absorb differ…
a graph of the relative rates of reaction of a process (photo…
reactions in which large molecules are constructed from small…
Bacterial photosynthesis that does not use water for an elect…
Absorption Spectrum
a graph of the relative ability of a pigment to absorb differ…
Action Spectrum
a graph of the relative rates of reaction of a process (photo…
66 terms
Ch.10 energy metabolism: photosynthesis
Photoautotrophs
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs cannot do this
What does pigments transport energy in…
Gather energy directly from light
-they use it assimilate small inorganic molecules ... -they incl…
- they take in organic molecules and respire them for energy…
Endergonic reactions
Photoautotrophs
Gather energy directly from light
Photoautotrophs
-they use it assimilate small inorganic molecules ... -they incl…
13 terms
METABOLISM: Photosynthesis: Utilizing Light and Energy
What is the general equation for PHS?
What 6 things did scientists believe a…
How was it proved that H2O splits to g…
Name the two phases of PHS and give th…
6CO2 + 12H2O + light ---CHL---> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O
- C increase in plants was due to fixation of CO2... - N came fr…
They took the general reaction : ... CO2 + H2O --> (CH2O)n + H2O…
Light reaction: requires light and produces O2 and other thin…
What is the general equation for PHS?
6CO2 + 12H2O + light ---CHL---> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O
What 6 things did scientists believe a…
- C increase in plants was due to fixation of CO2... - N came fr…
20 terms
Energy and Metabolism Part 1 Photosynthesis (Biology)
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Stored energy or energy at rest.
Energy associated with motion.
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Potential Energy
Stored energy or energy at rest.
Kinetic Energy
Energy associated with motion.
25 terms
AP Bio Unit 3- Energy, Metabolism, Photosynthesis
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
closed system
the capacity to do work or a change in the state of motion of…
stored energy (includes energy in chemical bonds)
energy of motion
no energy exchange w/ surroundings
energy
the capacity to do work or a change in the state of motion of…
potential energy
stored energy (includes energy in chemical bonds)
33 terms
Ch 11: Phototropic Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis
Photoheterotrophs are best described a…
Carbon dioxide generally enters the pl…
The process by which photosynthetic or…
The endosymbiotic theory states that m…
from sunlight but cannot make organic compounds from CO2.
stomata.
photophosphorylation.
purple bacteria entering and remaining in the cytoplasm of an…
Photoheterotrophs are best described a…
from sunlight but cannot make organic compounds from CO2.
Carbon dioxide generally enters the pl…
stomata.
33 terms
Ch 11: Phototropic Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis
Photoheterotrophs are best described a…
Carbon dioxide generally enters the pl…
The process by which photosynthetic or…
The endosymbiotic theory states that m…
from sunlight but cannot make organic compounds from CO2.
stomata.
photophosphorylation.
purple bacteria entering and remaining in the cytoplasm of an…
Photoheterotrophs are best described a…
from sunlight but cannot make organic compounds from CO2.
Carbon dioxide generally enters the pl…
stomata.
31 terms
Concept 3: Energy and Metabolism- Photosynthesis and Fermentation
Formula
Photosynthetic organisms can capture..…
Light-dependent Reactions
Photo-systems I and II Location and type
6CO2+6H2O yields C6H12O6+6CO2
Capture free energy present in sunlight and use water and car…
Photophosphorylation
Light-dependent; located in the thylakoids of the grana (in t…
Formula
6CO2+6H2O yields C6H12O6+6CO2
Photosynthetic organisms can capture..…
Capture free energy present in sunlight and use water and car…
35 terms
Energy Metabolism
Dehydrogenase
lactate dehydrogenase
pyruvate dehydrogenase
Kinase
an enzyme that removes hydrogen from a substrate
an enzyme that removes a hydride ion from lactate and transfe…
an enzyme that removes a hydride ion from pyruvate and transf…
an enzyme that adds a phosphate to a substrate usually the ph…
Dehydrogenase
an enzyme that removes hydrogen from a substrate
lactate dehydrogenase
an enzyme that removes a hydride ion from lactate and transfe…
34 terms
Honors Biology -- Ch 6-8 (Energy, Photosynthesis, Glucose Metabolism) Terms
reactants
products
metabolism
metabolic pathway
molecules entering a chemical reaction
molecules leaving a chemical reaction
the sum of all chemical reactions occuring in a cell
chemical reactions linked in sequence where the products of o…
reactants
molecules entering a chemical reaction
products
molecules leaving a chemical reaction
24 terms
Metabolism and Photosynthesis
Redox reactions
glucose broken down to more oxidized o…
NAD+ is reduced
Glycolysis
OILRIG: ... oxidation is loss of e- (or H+), double bonds... reduct…
more oxidized form, less H+, more double bonds
NAD+ ---2H+---> NADH + H+... reduced form, energy intermediate
occurs in cytosol... glucose + 2pi + 2ADP + 2NAD+ --> 2 pyruvate…
Redox reactions
OILRIG: ... oxidation is loss of e- (or H+), double bonds... reduct…
glucose broken down to more oxidized o…
more oxidized form, less H+, more double bonds
36 terms
Biology H chpt 6- Energy, metabolism, photosynthesis, leaves
1st law of thermodynamics
energy is measured in
redox reactions
reduced
energy cannot be created or destroyed
kilocalories
moving electrons around
gaining an electron
1st law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be created or destroyed
energy is measured in
kilocalories
18 terms
Cell Physiology Unit2_9 Phototrophic energy metabolism: Photosynthesis
phototrophs
Energy transduction reactions
carbon assimilation reactions
chlorophills
produce chemical energy and organic carbon required by chemot…
light energy is captured and converted into chemical energy
carbon fixation reactions. Cabrs are formed
where light energy is captured
phototrophs
produce chemical energy and organic carbon required by chemot…
Energy transduction reactions
light energy is captured and converted into chemical energy
18 terms
Metabolism and Photosynthesis
the energy released from one pathway i…
the total amount of energy in the univ…
produce products that have more energy…
the oxidizing agent donates electrons
Catabolic and anabolic pathways are often coupled in a cell b…
According to the first law of thermodynamics:
An endergonic reaction could be described as one that will
in a redox reaction
the energy released from one pathway i…
Catabolic and anabolic pathways are often coupled in a cell b…
the total amount of energy in the univ…
According to the first law of thermodynamics:
23 terms
Exam 3: Chapter 11: Photosynthesis. Phototrophic Energy Metabolism
Chloroplast
Thylakoids
Granum
Stroma
Relatively similar to mitochondria b/c it has multiple membra…
membrane-bound disk structures, hollow on inside
Stack of thylakoids. Lumen all interconnected.
fluid space outside of thylakoids
Chloroplast
Relatively similar to mitochondria b/c it has multiple membra…
Thylakoids
membrane-bound disk structures, hollow on inside
16 terms
Energy Metabolism
Oxidation
Reduction
Glucose movement into cell
Regulatory steps in phosphorylated glu…
High energy electrons "fall" toward electronegative nucleus a…
Bonds are formed with electropositive atoms (e.g. carbon) whi…
Glucose passively transported into cell via transporter prote…
Glucose 6-phosphate can be made into 6-phosphogluconolactone…
Oxidation
High energy electrons "fall" toward electronegative nucleus a…
Reduction
Bonds are formed with electropositive atoms (e.g. carbon) whi…
12 terms
Energy & Photosynthesis
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
A process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
A process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
34 terms
Energy Metabolism
usable energy
how we use usable energy
cellular metabolism
anabolism
photosynthesis
metabolism
break down molecules into CO2 and H2O releasing energy
the process of building (uses energy)
usable energy
photosynthesis
how we use usable energy
metabolism
49 terms
Energy & Metabolism
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Energy Forms
capacity to do work
stored energy
energy in motion
mechanical , heat, sound , electric currents, light, or radio…
Energy
capacity to do work
Potential Energy
stored energy
12 terms
Energy '& Photosynthesis
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
is molecule that transfers energy from the cell breakdown of…
a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
is molecule that transfers energy from the cell breakdown of…
ADP
a lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
29 terms
Ch. 8 Energy and Laws of Thermal Dynamic, metabolism, photosynthesis, etc.
Mitochondria
Sugar and Oxygen
CO2, H2O and Energy(captured in the fo…
Both processes can be used by cells to…
What cell part breaks down sugar(glucose) and releases energy?
What is needed for respiration to take place?
What are the products of cellular respiration?
How are fermentation and respiration alike?
Mitochondria
What cell part breaks down sugar(glucose) and releases energy?
Sugar and Oxygen
What is needed for respiration to take place?
78 terms
Dr. Myers Biology 151 Test 3- Energy and Metabolism, Respiration, and Photosynthesis
Energy
Calorie
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Ability to do work. Most commonly seen as heat, electricity,…
The energy required to raise temperature of 1 gram of water 1…
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, only changes form.
Entropy in the universe is continually increasing.
Energy
Ability to do work. Most commonly seen as heat, electricity,…
Calorie
The energy required to raise temperature of 1 gram of water 1…
18 terms
BIOL 101 - Eukaryotic Cells, Prokaryotic Cells, Energy & Metabolism, and Photosynthesis
Eu
Karyo
Origination of nucleus and organelles…
Nucleus
Tree
Nucleus
1. prokaryotic cell's plasma membrane invaginates & surrounds…
structure that enclose and protects DNA
Eu
Tree
Karyo
Nucleus
29 terms
Energy and Metabolism
Energy
All organisms need energy that they ob…
Phototrophs
Chemoorganotrophs
exists in various forms... the capacity to do work
A) Solar radiation... B) Organic chemicals (e.g., glucose)... C) In…
Cyanobacterium Synechococcus obtains its energy from the sun,…
obtain their energy from organic chemicals... Chemical Energy
Energy
exists in various forms... the capacity to do work
All organisms need energy that they ob…
A) Solar radiation... B) Organic chemicals (e.g., glucose)... C) In…
44 terms
Energy and Photosynthesis
Work
Dehydration Synthesis
Autotrophs (producers)
Heterotrophs (Consumers)
What does energy allow us to do?
This process requires energy and builds large molecules calle…
Use light energy to create own food in a process called photo…
Obtain energy from food they consume. Examples: Animals, some…
Work
What does energy allow us to do?
Dehydration Synthesis
This process requires energy and builds large molecules calle…
27 terms
energy and metabolism
kinetic energy
potential energy
chemical energy
exergonic reaction
energy of movement, used to do work.
due to structure or position is energy stored.
energy stored within covalent bonds.
when energy released is greater than energy required there is…
kinetic energy
energy of movement, used to do work.
potential energy
due to structure or position is energy stored.
32 terms
Energy and metabolism
First law of thermodynamics
Second law of thermo
Free energy
Enthalpy
Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, can only be conv…
Free energy of a system tends to decrease which often corresp…
Measure of work a system can perform. Exergonic (-) so sponta…
Heat of rxn or chem bond energy of a rxn. literally the energ…
First law of thermodynamics
Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, can only be conv…
Second law of thermo
Free energy of a system tends to decrease which often corresp…
22 terms
Eukaryotic Cells, Prokaryotic Cells, Energy & Metabolism, and Photosynthesis for Quiz 2
Vacuoles
Mitochondria... Structure-
Cristae
Matrix
Single membrane structures used for storage.
Capsule shaped- 2 plasma membranes with space between.
Folds of inner membrane.
Fluid within inner compartment.
Vacuoles
Single membrane structures used for storage.
Mitochondria... Structure-
Capsule shaped- 2 plasma membranes with space between.
15 terms
Eukaryotic Cells, Prokaryotic Cells, Energy & Metabolism, and Photosynthesis for Quiz 1
Eukaryotic Cells... Origin of nucleus and…
A) Nucleus
1) Nuclear envelope
2) Nucleoplasm
1) Plasma membrane of prokaryotic cell invaginates and surrou…
Structure that encloses and protects the DNA.
Double membrane system with large protein pores surrounding t…
Contents of nucleus.
Eukaryotic Cells... Origin of nucleus and…
1) Plasma membrane of prokaryotic cell invaginates and surrou…
A) Nucleus
Structure that encloses and protects the DNA.
128 terms
Biology 181 Test 3 (Metabolism, Energy, Enzymes, Cell Respiration, and Photosynthesis)
Kinetic energy and Potential Energy.
Kinectic energy: moving objects, heat,…
1st: ... - energy cannot be created or d…
Is a reaction that absorbs free energy…
What are two types of energy?
Give some examples of types of energy?
What are the two laws of thermodynamics?
Define endergonic.
Kinetic energy and Potential Energy.
What are two types of energy?
Kinectic energy: moving objects, heat,…
Give some examples of types of energy?
22 terms
Metabolism & Photosynthesis
Metabolism
Thermodynamics
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
the cell's capacity to acquire energy (make it or eat it), an…
branch of physics which deals with the energy and work of a s…
total amount of energy in the universe always remains constan…
entropy (everything wants to be at equilibrium, or down to it…
Metabolism
the cell's capacity to acquire energy (make it or eat it), an…
Thermodynamics
branch of physics which deals with the energy and work of a s…
277 terms
Metabolism/Photosynthesis
Metabolism
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Heat
Totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting of c…
The energy that matter possess as a result of its location or…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects. Mo…
Total amount of kinetic energy due to the random motion of at…
Metabolism
Totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting of c…
Potential energy
The energy that matter possess as a result of its location or…
19 terms
Photosynthesis & Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Pigment
thylakoid
cellular respiration
The process by which plants algae and some bacteria you sunli…
A substance that gives another substance or mixture its color
The membrane system found within chloroplasts contains the co…
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants algae and some bacteria you sunli…
Pigment
A substance that gives another substance or mixture its color
14 terms
Metabolism and photosynthesis
ATP
Phosphorylation
Phosphorus cycle
Weathering
Has 3 negative phosphates linked together that makes it unsta…
Attaching of a unstable phosphorus ion to another molecule to…
As the phosphorus breaks down over time, the phosphorus is re…
As rock breaks down over time
ATP
Has 3 negative phosphates linked together that makes it unsta…
Phosphorylation
Attaching of a unstable phosphorus ion to another molecule to…
90 terms
Metabolism and Photosynthesis
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
metabolism
capacity to cause change
stored energy possessed because of location or structure
associated with relative motion of objects
totality of an organism's chemical reactions
energy
capacity to cause change
potential energy
stored energy possessed because of location or structure
20 terms
Metabolism and Photosynthesis
Metabolism
Enzymes
Anabolism
Catabolism
Sum of chemical processes occuring in a cell
Regulate metabolic activity
Forming chemical bonds to build molecules
Breaking chemical bonds
Metabolism
Sum of chemical processes occuring in a cell
Enzymes
Regulate metabolic activity
63 terms
Metabolism & Photosynthesis
Isomerases
Cam plants
Why is glucose a reducing sugar?
How many electrons are "harvested" fro…
rearranges the atoms in a molecule ... ex. phosphoglucoisomeras…
photosynthesis at night
it's oxidized and reduces other compounds
12 electrons from hydrogen
Isomerases
rearranges the atoms in a molecule ... ex. phosphoglucoisomeras…
Cam plants
photosynthesis at night
108 terms
photosynthesis and metabolism
describe the forms of energy found in…
how does ATP typically transfer energy…
how do the reactant molecules of photo…
what color of light is Least effective…
potential because of the height on the tree, kinetic as it fa…
Energy turns to endergonic by phosphorylating (adding phospha…
carbon dioxide enters the Leaves via the stoma and water ente…
Green, chlorophyll is green (Green light is reflected, not ab…
describe the forms of energy found in…
potential because of the height on the tree, kinetic as it fa…
how does ATP typically transfer energy…
Energy turns to endergonic by phosphorylating (adding phospha…
33 terms
Photosynthesis and Energy
Photosynthesis
Formula
Which organisms perform photosynthesis…
Where in a cell is photosynthesis perf…
-Conversion of CO2 and water into glucose... - used as energy s…
6C02+6H20→C6H1206+602... 6 caron dioxide+6 water → glucose + 6 o…
-Green plants ... -Some bacteria... -Some protists
-Chloroplasts in eukaryotes... -Cytoplasm of prokaryotes
Photosynthesis
-Conversion of CO2 and water into glucose... - used as energy s…
Formula
6C02+6H20→C6H1206+602... 6 caron dioxide+6 water → glucose + 6 o…
32 terms
Metabolism- Photosynthesis
Phototrophs that use CO2 as carbon sou…
Phototrophs that use organic compounds…
What are the three pigments?
Function of pigments
Photoautotrophs
Photoheterotrophs
Chlorophyll... Cartenoids... Phycobilins
Absorb light energy, transfer light energy to photosynthetic…
Phototrophs that use CO2 as carbon sou…
Photoautotrophs
Phototrophs that use organic compounds…
Photoheterotrophs
15 terms
Energy/ Metabolism
Energy
Metabolism
kinetic energy
potential energy
capacity to do work
-totality of chemical reaction in an organism... -manages the ma…
anything that can move
stored energy as a result of its position and structure
Energy
capacity to do work
Metabolism
-totality of chemical reaction in an organism... -manages the ma…
36 terms
Energy & Metabolism
Thermodynamics
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Study of energy conversion... Cells governed by laws of physics…
The capacity to do work... Kinetic and Potential
Stored Energy
Energy of motion
Thermodynamics
Study of energy conversion... Cells governed by laws of physics…
Energy
The capacity to do work... Kinetic and Potential
12 terms
Energy & Photosynthesis
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
A process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
A process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
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