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Study sets matching "engineering microbiology biotechnology"

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Study sets matching "engineering microbiology biotechnology"

Microbiology Lecture Exam #2 (Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology)
Genetic engineering
Restriction endonuclease
Gel electrophoresis
Nucleic acid hybridization
the use of in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in t…
recognize specific base sequences within DNA
separates charged molecules migrating in electric field
used to detect, characterize, and identify short segments of…
Genetic engineering
the use of in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in t…
Restriction endonuclease
recognize specific base sequences within DNA
59 terms
Microbiology- Esteve Test 2: Chapter 7 Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Define Genetic Engineering
What are some examples of basic techni…
Define Restriction Enzymes
What are the three classes of restrict…
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
• Restriction enzymes... • Gel electrophoresis... • Nucleic acid hy…
recognize specific DNA... sequences and cut DNA at those sites... •…
• Type I and II cleave DNA away from recognition site... • Type…
Define Genetic Engineering
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
What are some examples of basic techni…
• Restriction enzymes... • Gel electrophoresis... • Nucleic acid hy…
17 terms
Ch. 9 Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Microbiology Exam 2
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Vector
Use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make a pr…
Insertion and expression of foreign genes in cells
(rDNA) A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from two diff…
A plasmid or virus "vehicles" used in genetic engineering to…
Biotechnology
Use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make a pr…
Genetic Engineering
Insertion and expression of foreign genes in cells
12 terms
Biotechnology and engineering
Their rapid reproduction rate and thei…
Lack of ethical concerns over their ma…
Changing the genetic material of an or…
Insertion of human genes into bacteria…
Why are bacteria used in biotechnology and genetic engineering?
Why are bacteria useful in biotechnology and genetic engineer…
Genetic engineering
Examples of genetic engineering
Their rapid reproduction rate and thei…
Why are bacteria used in biotechnology and genetic engineering?
Lack of ethical concerns over their ma…
Why are bacteria useful in biotechnology and genetic engineer…
13 terms
Microbiology & Biotechnology
Fungi
Saprophytes
Yeast
Harmful fungi
The most visible micro-organism. It lives off other things an…
Organisms that feed on dead matter
A fungi used in the baking and brewing industry
Can cause athletes foot, ringworm, potato blight, dry rot of…
Fungi
The most visible micro-organism. It lives off other things an…
Saprophytes
Organisms that feed on dead matter
22 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microorganism
Microbiology
Pathogen
Fungus
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
The study of microscopic organisms
Microorganism that causes disease
One-celled or many-celled organism, decomposer, heterotroph,…
Microorganism
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
Microbiology
The study of microscopic organisms
11 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Viruses
Virus Deseases
Bacteria
Stuff needed for growth of Bacteria
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
Larger than viruses. Do not have a nucleas
Food, water, suitable temperature, suitable pH
Viruses
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Virus Deseases
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
Microbiology and Biotechnology
antibiotic
antibiotic resistance
antimicrobial agent
bacteria
a chemical that stops bacterial growth
a genetic trait that allows bacteria to survive a dose of ant…
a chemical that stops microbial growth
a unicellular organism that is prokaryotic- (no nucleus)
antibiotic
a chemical that stops bacterial growth
antibiotic resistance
a genetic trait that allows bacteria to survive a dose of ant…
11 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Viruses
Virus Deseases
Bacteria
Stuff needed for growth of Bacteria
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
Larger than viruses. Do not have a nucleas
Food, water, suitable temperature, suitable pH
Viruses
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Virus Deseases
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
12 terms
Microbiology/Biotechnology
Viruses
Bacteria
Fungi
Parasites
Non - living cells... Nucleic acid, surrounded by a protein coat…
Spheres, rods, spirals.... Single cell with a cell wall and orga…
Multicellular with cell wall and organelles and nucleus.... Caus…
organism that feeds on the host.... Tape worm.
Viruses
Non - living cells... Nucleic acid, surrounded by a protein coat…
Bacteria
Spheres, rods, spirals.... Single cell with a cell wall and orga…
10 terms
Microbiology & Biotechnology
Microbiology
There are three types of micro organisms
Viruses
Virus diseases include
The study of small living things.
Viruses,... Bacteria,... Fungi.
Cannot reproduce by themselves. Thus it can be argued that th…
Measles... mumps... chicken pox... polio... colds... flu etc... ... Know at lea…
Microbiology
The study of small living things.
There are three types of micro organisms
Viruses,... Bacteria,... Fungi.
74 terms
11 genetic engineering & biotechnology
genetic engineering
restriction enzymes
eukaryotes
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
recognize specific DNA sequences and cut DNA @ those sites; w…
restriction enzymes are rare in ____________ (prokaryotes/euk…
genetic engineering
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
restriction enzymes
recognize specific DNA sequences and cut DNA @ those sites; w…
18 terms
Biotechnology for microbiology
Cloning vector
Clone
Recognition Sequences
Electrophoresis
Self replicating agent that will transfer & replicate genetic…
Exact genetic copy
A sequence of nucleotides that are "recognized" by the restri…
A process in which DNA fragments can be separated according t…
Cloning vector
Self replicating agent that will transfer & replicate genetic…
Clone
Exact genetic copy
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Gel electrophoresis
DNA Profiling
DNA Profiling - Paternity Testing
PCR is a way of producing large quantites of a specific targe…
Gel electrophoresis is a technique which is used to separate…
DNA profiling is a technique by which individuals are identif…
Children inherit half of their alleles from each parent and t…
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
PCR is a way of producing large quantites of a specific targe…
Gel electrophoresis
Gel electrophoresis is a technique which is used to separate…
13 terms
microbiology & biotechnology
what is the biggest microorganism
benefit 1 of fungi
benefit 2 of fungi
benefit 3 of fungi
fungi
they decompose dead things
yeast makes bread and alcohol
we eat mushrooms
what is the biggest microorganism
fungi
benefit 1 of fungi
they decompose dead things
20 terms
Microbiology & Biotechnology
microbiology
virus
structure of a virus
treatment for a virus
study of microscopic organisms
microbe surrounded by a protein coating that infects and mult…
nucleic acid... lipid envelope... protein coat
immune system
microbiology
study of microscopic organisms
virus
microbe surrounded by a protein coating that infects and mult…
33 terms
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Gel Electrophoresis
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
In a crime scene, scientists could onl…
DNA Profiling
used to seperate proteins/ Dna by size and shape. Samples of…
Increases the amound of DNA, useful when only a small amount…
10 rounds
Compares sements to determine paternity, rape, ect. 1. DNA sa…
Gel Electrophoresis
used to seperate proteins/ Dna by size and shape. Samples of…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Increases the amound of DNA, useful when only a small amount…
489 terms
Microbiology and biotechnology
L1:Microbiology
Microorganisms
Microbes can be
Viruses
study of microorganisms
microbes that are single-celled microscopic organisms (there…
bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae, protists
they are microscopic but not cellular, the study of viruses i…
L1:Microbiology
study of microorganisms
Microorganisms
microbes that are single-celled microscopic organisms (there…
16 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
Types of micro-organisms
Examples of fungi
Beneficial effects of fungi
The study of micro-organisms
Fungi, bacteria and viruses
Mushrooms and yeast
Act as decomposers, used to produce antibiotics (penicillin)
Microbiology
The study of micro-organisms
Types of micro-organisms
Fungi, bacteria and viruses
15 terms
Microbiology and biotechnology
Microbiology
Micro-organisms
Three types of micro-organisms
Viruses
The study of small things
Small living things.
Viruses... Bacteria... Fungi
Smallest micro-orgasims.... Cannot reproduce by themselves.... Not…
Microbiology
The study of small things
Micro-organisms
Small living things.
Microbiology and Biotechnology !!!!!!!
Micro-organisms [microbes]
Microbiology is the study
The three types of micro-organisms are
Viruses are
are small living things
of small living things.
viruses, bacteria and fungi
-The smallest type of micro-organism ... -Unable to reproductive…
Micro-organisms [microbes]
are small living things
Microbiology is the study
of small living things.
17 terms
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
HGP
Genome
Restriction enzyme
Plasmids
________= Human Genome Project
All an organism's genetic information.
Protein that cuts DNA at a specific sequence.
Circular chromosomes in bacteria that offer variation.
HGP
________= Human Genome Project
Genome
All an organism's genetic information.
17 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microorganism
Microbiology
Pathogen
Fungus
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
The study of microscopic organisms
Any microorganism that causes a disease
One-celled or many celled organisms. One-celled fungi cause d…
Microorganism
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
Microbiology
The study of microscopic organisms
17 terms
20. Biotechnology and genetic engineering
20. Biotechnology and genetic engineer…
20.1 Biotechnology and genetic enginee…
• State that bacteria are useful in bi…
• Discuss why bacteria are useful in b…
...
...
...
...
20. Biotechnology and genetic engineer…
...
20.1 Biotechnology and genetic enginee…
...
29 terms
Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
hand picking parents of next generation to help increase like…
breeding unlike parents in hopes that their best traits are c…
breeding closely related organisms to insure certain traits a…
_______ is when scientists manipulate the DNA of an organism
selective breeding
hand picking parents of next generation to help increase like…
hybridization
breeding unlike parents in hopes that their best traits are c…
16 terms
Microbiology Biotechnology
Define clone
Define DNA cloning vector
Restriction enzyme
DNA ligase
a large number of identical cells or molecules with a single…
A carrier DNA molecule which allows attached DNA to be replic…
An enzyme that cuts DNA at specific sequences
An enzyme which covalently joins DNA strands
Define clone
a large number of identical cells or molecules with a single…
Define DNA cloning vector
A carrier DNA molecule which allows attached DNA to be replic…
16 terms
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
selective breeding
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
24 terms
Genetic engineering & biotechnology
Purpose of PCR
Summarize steps of PCR
Why is PCR necessary and when is it us…
Purpose of electrophoresis
Used to compynand amplify small wuantities kf DNA
1) denature DNA to split the two stands by breaking h-bonds... 2…
To make more DNA that is needed if there is only a small samp…
Used to separate fragments of DNA according to size. Everyone…
Purpose of PCR
Used to compynand amplify small wuantities kf DNA
Summarize steps of PCR
1) denature DNA to split the two stands by breaking h-bonds... 2…
10 terms
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
Gene splicing
Cloning
Inbreeding
Hybridization
use of restriction enzymes to remove and replace with a new g…
Use of a body cell and egg cell fused and then implanted into…
Selective breeding that allows for the same genes to be passe…
Combining dissimilar genetic traits from two parent so that t…
Gene splicing
use of restriction enzymes to remove and replace with a new g…
Cloning
Use of a body cell and egg cell fused and then implanted into…
14 terms
Biology: Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
selective breeding
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
15 terms
Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering
DNA profiling
gel electrophoresis
restriction enzymes
DNA fragments that move the least dist…
the process of testing to identify DNA patterns or types; in…
technique used to separate DNA fragments of various lengths i…
proteins that cut extracted DNA into smaller fragments
longer fragments
DNA profiling
the process of testing to identify DNA patterns or types; in…
gel electrophoresis
technique used to separate DNA fragments of various lengths i…
14 terms
Microbiology and biotechnology
What is microbiology
What is fungi
Fungi can't make their own food what d…
Give three examples of fungi
The study of very tiny organisms (micro-organisms)
The largest type of micro-organisms
Dead plants and animals
Mushrooms, bread mould and yeast
What is microbiology
The study of very tiny organisms (micro-organisms)
What is fungi
The largest type of micro-organisms
17 terms
Microbiology and biotechnology
What is Microbiology
Three types of micro-organisms
How do viruses reproduce?
Three virus diseases
The study of small living things
Viruses, bacteria, fungi
By invading other cells
measles, chicken pox, flu
What is Microbiology
The study of small living things
Three types of micro-organisms
Viruses, bacteria, fungi
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
Name the 3 types of micro-organisms
Name the microbes in order of size (bi…
How do viruses survive?
The study of small living things
Viruses, fungi and bacteria
Fungi, bacteria, viruses
They live on or in another living thing - parasites
Microbiology
The study of small living things
Name the 3 types of micro-organisms
Viruses, fungi and bacteria
21 terms
microbiology and biotechnology
What is microbiology?
What are micro-organisms?
What are three examples of micro-organ…
What is the largest type of micro-orga…
The study of micro-organisms
Tiny organisms
Fungi, bacteria and viruses
Fungi
What is microbiology?
The study of micro-organisms
What are micro-organisms?
Tiny organisms
14 terms
HBio Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant-DNA Technology
Cut
Manipulation of organisms of their components to perform prac…
Direct manipulation of genes for practical purpose
Joining together DNA from two or more sources
using restriction enzymes found in bacteria able to cut any k…
Biotechnology
Manipulation of organisms of their components to perform prac…
Genetic Engineering
Direct manipulation of genes for practical purpose
34 terms
Biotechnology - Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
What Enzymes Create Recombinant DNA?
Gene Therapy
Artificial manipulation of genes... Transfer of genes from one o…
Spliced DNA formed from two or more different sources or orga…
Restriction enzymes produced by bacteria
Attempts to correct a disease or disorder
Genetic Engineering
Artificial manipulation of genes... Transfer of genes from one o…
Recombinant DNA
Spliced DNA formed from two or more different sources or orga…
46 terms
Ch. 19 Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
how was biotechnology discovered?
selective breeding
biotechnology
genetic engineering
When the first human beings realized that they could plant th…
Breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits... Peo…
Modifying living organisms according to human purposes/commer…
Technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup…
how was biotechnology discovered?
When the first human beings realized that they could plant th…
selective breeding
Breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits... Peo…
150 terms
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Exam #1
Construction of Human Genomic DNA libr…
The Synthesis of cDNA
Two types of genetic libraries
shotgun cloning
-Extract and Purify DNA (Get DNA)... -Cut DNA strands (digested…
contain un interrupted coding sequences... -can clone large sect…
1. Genomic DNA... -represent a random sample of all of the DNA s…
where the experimenter clones a large sample of fragments and…
Construction of Human Genomic DNA libr…
-Extract and Purify DNA (Get DNA)... -Cut DNA strands (digested…
The Synthesis of cDNA
contain un interrupted coding sequences... -can clone large sect…
12 terms
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
restriction endonucleases
short tandem repeats (STRs)
vector
vector must have:
cut DNA at specific sequences. In bacteria, these enzymes pro…
3-4 nucleotides that repeat many times in a row
DNA sequence that allows the cell to replicate the DNA sequen…
1. ability to be replicated... 2. selectable marker... 3. way to in…
restriction endonucleases
cut DNA at specific sequences. In bacteria, these enzymes pro…
short tandem repeats (STRs)
3-4 nucleotides that repeat many times in a row
30 terms
Biotechnology and genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
examples of biotechnology in food
selective breeding
artificial selection
the application of technology to biological sciences
using yeast and bacteria
the process by which domestic animals and new varieties of pl…
organisms with the most desirable traits are mated or crossed…
Biotechnology
the application of technology to biological sciences
examples of biotechnology in food
using yeast and bacteria
21 terms
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Selective Breeding
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Hybridization
Method of breeding that uses only those organisms with desire…
manipulation of organisms or their components to perform prac…
direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
Selective Breeding
Method of breeding that uses only those organisms with desire…
Biotechnology
manipulation of organisms or their components to perform prac…
22 terms
Biotechnology genetic engineering
Artificial selection
Artificial selection is used for ... (Def…
Artificial selection is used for (exam…
1 ex. Of artificial selection
Selective breeding is the breeding of animals or plants that…
To improve the racing ability of horses, the thickness of woo…
- you would take 2 of the fastest horses and breed them toget…
Cross pollination
Artificial selection
Selective breeding is the breeding of animals or plants that…
Artificial selection is used for ... (Def…
To improve the racing ability of horses, the thickness of woo…
15 terms
biology- genetic engineering/ biotechnology
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
inducing mutations
choosing organisms with the best traits, mixes 1000's of genes.
crossing two different organisms with the best traits (Ex. ho…
continued breeding of animals with similar characteristics HA…
with radiation and chemicals (Ex. polyplants) better qualities.
selective breeding
choosing organisms with the best traits, mixes 1000's of genes.
hybridization
crossing two different organisms with the best traits (Ex. ho…
15 terms
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Vocab
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Gel Electrophoresis
the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
the manipulation of organisms or their components to produce…
is a technology in molecular biology used to amplify a single…
a technique for separating nucleic acids or proteins on the b…
Genetic Engineering
the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
Biotechnology
the manipulation of organisms or their components to produce…
51 terms
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Listeria monocytogenes engineered to
Manipulating the genome in vivo
Manipulating DNA in vitro
Molecular cloning is
be less virulent and deliver anticancer agents to tumor cells
can be difficult (in a living organism)
is much easier (in a test tube)... Altered genes can be reinsert…
the isolation and replication of a sequence of interest
Listeria monocytogenes engineered to
be less virulent and deliver anticancer agents to tumor cells
Manipulating the genome in vivo
can be difficult (in a living organism)
27 terms
Lecture XI: Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) Technology
Restriction Endonucleases (Enzymes)
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
The use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
Insertion or modification of genes to produce desired proteins.
Destroy bacteriophage DNA in bacterial cells. Host DNA protec…
Amplifies small quantities of DNA. Can amplify specific regio…
Biotechnology
The use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) Technology
Insertion or modification of genes to produce desired proteins.
Interaction of Biotechnology with Engineering
transport phenomena
circuits
physiology
evolution
engineering
engineering
biology
biology
transport phenomena
engineering
circuits
engineering
13 terms
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Marker
Gel Electrophoresis
molecules produced by combining DNA from two different sources
making changes in the genetic code (genome) of a living organ…
Gene that makes it possible to distinguish cells that have fo…
Technique that uses electric voltage and a gel to separate an…
Recombinant DNA
molecules produced by combining DNA from two different sources
Genetic Engineering
making changes in the genetic code (genome) of a living organ…
27 terms
18. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
recombinant DNA technologies
recombinant DNA
genetic engineering
Uses controlled mating to develop and organism with desired c…
Involve the manipulation of DNA using enzymatic reactions.
DNA sequences from multiple sources that can be recombined an…
Insertion of recombinant DNA into an organism. Much faster th…
selective breeding
Uses controlled mating to develop and organism with desired c…
recombinant DNA technologies
Involve the manipulation of DNA using enzymatic reactions.
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