Study sets matching "engineering microbiology biotechnology"

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Study sets matching "engineering microbiology biotechnology"

Microbiology: Biotechnology Genetic Engineering
Bacteria
Gene Therapy
What viral disease was once the number…
Killed 1/3 of population of Europe
Factories used to house and produce useful proteins and other…
Inserting genetically engineered viruses into mammal cells
Smallpox (10 million deaths)
Plague
Bacteria
Factories used to house and produce useful proteins and other…
Gene Therapy
Inserting genetically engineered viruses into mammal cells
Microbiology Lecture Exam #2 (Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology)
Genetic engineering
Restriction endonuclease
Gel electrophoresis
Nucleic acid hybridization
the use of in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in t…
recognize specific base sequences within DNA
separates charged molecules migrating in electric field
used to detect, characterize, and identify short segments of…
Genetic engineering
the use of in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in t…
Restriction endonuclease
recognize specific base sequences within DNA
59 terms
Microbiology- Esteve Test 2: Chapter 7 Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Define Genetic Engineering
What are some examples of basic techni…
Define Restriction Enzymes
What are the three classes of restrict…
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
• Restriction enzymes... • Gel electrophoresis... • Nucleic acid hy…
recognize specific DNA... sequences and cut DNA at those sites... •…
• Type I and II cleave DNA away from recognition site... • Type…
Define Genetic Engineering
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
What are some examples of basic techni…
• Restriction enzymes... • Gel electrophoresis... • Nucleic acid hy…
Ch. 9 Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Microbiology Exam 2
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Vector
Use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make a pr…
Insertion and expression of foreign genes in cells
(rDNA) A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from two diff…
A plasmid or virus "vehicles" used in genetic engineering to…
Biotechnology
Use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make a pr…
Genetic Engineering
Insertion and expression of foreign genes in cells
Biotechnology and engineering
Their rapid reproduction rate and thei…
Lack of ethical concerns over their ma…
Changing the genetic material of an or…
Insertion of human genes into bacteria…
Why are bacteria used in biotechnology and genetic engineering?
Why are bacteria useful in biotechnology and genetic engineer…
Genetic engineering
Examples of genetic engineering
Their rapid reproduction rate and thei…
Why are bacteria used in biotechnology and genetic engineering?
Lack of ethical concerns over their ma…
Why are bacteria useful in biotechnology and genetic engineer…
13 terms
Microbiology & Biotechnology
Fungi
Saprophytes
Yeast
Harmful fungi
The most visible micro-organism. It lives off other things an…
Organisms that feed on dead matter
A fungi used in the baking and brewing industry
Can cause athletes foot, ringworm, potato blight, dry rot of…
Fungi
The most visible micro-organism. It lives off other things an…
Saprophytes
Organisms that feed on dead matter
22 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microorganism
Microbiology
Pathogen
Fungus
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
The study of microscopic organisms
Microorganism that causes disease
One-celled or many-celled organism, decomposer, heterotroph,…
Microorganism
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
Microbiology
The study of microscopic organisms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
antibiotic
antibiotic resistance
antimicrobial agent
bacteria
a chemical that stops bacterial growth
a genetic trait that allows bacteria to survive a dose of ant…
a chemical that stops microbial growth
a unicellular organism that is prokaryotic- (no nucleus)
antibiotic
a chemical that stops bacterial growth
antibiotic resistance
a genetic trait that allows bacteria to survive a dose of ant…
11 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Viruses
Virus Deseases
Bacteria
Stuff needed for growth of Bacteria
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
Larger than viruses. Do not have a nucleas
Food, water, suitable temperature, suitable pH
Viruses
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Virus Deseases
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
Microbiology & Biotechnology
Microbiology
There are three types of micro organisms
Viruses
Virus diseases include
The study of small living things.
Viruses,... Bacteria,... Fungi.
Cannot reproduce by themselves. Thus it can be argued that th…
Measles... mumps... chicken pox... polio... colds... flu etc... ... Know at lea…
Microbiology
The study of small living things.
There are three types of micro organisms
Viruses,... Bacteria,... Fungi.
20 terms
Microbiology & Biotechnology
microbiology
virus
structure of a virus
treatment for a virus
study of microscopic organisms
microbe surrounded by a protein coating that infects and mult…
nucleic acid... lipid envelope... protein coat
immune system
microbiology
study of microscopic organisms
virus
microbe surrounded by a protein coating that infects and mult…
Microbiology/Biotechnology
Viruses
Bacteria
Fungi
Parasites
Non - living cells... Nucleic acid, surrounded by a protein coat…
Spheres, rods, spirals.... Single cell with a cell wall and orga…
Multicellular with cell wall and organelles and nucleus.... Caus…
organism that feeds on the host.... Tape worm.
Viruses
Non - living cells... Nucleic acid, surrounded by a protein coat…
Bacteria
Spheres, rods, spirals.... Single cell with a cell wall and orga…
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Micro organisms
Parasite
Saprophyte
Biotechnology
small living things
A living thing that gets its food from another living thing
A living thing that gets its food from dead sources
The use of living things to make useful products
Micro organisms
small living things
Parasite
A living thing that gets its food from another living thing
Microbiology and Biotechnology !!!!!!!
Micro-organisms [microbes]
Microbiology is the study
The three types of micro-organisms are
Viruses are
are small living things
of small living things.
viruses, bacteria and fungi
-The smallest type of micro-organism ... -Unable to reproductive…
Micro-organisms [microbes]
are small living things
Microbiology is the study
of small living things.
Biotechnology for microbiology
Cloning vector
Clone
Recognition Sequences
Electrophoresis
Self replicating agent that will transfer & replicate genetic…
Exact genetic copy
A sequence of nucleotides that are "recognized" by the restri…
A process in which DNA fragments can be separated according t…
Cloning vector
Self replicating agent that will transfer & replicate genetic…
Clone
Exact genetic copy
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Micro-organism types
Viruses
Bacteria
Fungi
Viruses... Bacteria... Fungi
• Smallest type... • Cannot reproduce by themselves... • Parasites…
• Larger than viruses... • Require specific conditions to grow... •…
•Simple plants... • No chlorophyll... • Single cell or threads... * Ca…
Micro-organism types
Viruses... Bacteria... Fungi
Viruses
• Smallest type... • Cannot reproduce by themselves... • Parasites…
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microorganism
Microbiology
Pathogen
Fungus
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
The study of microscopic organisms
Any microorganism that causes a disease
One-celled or many celled organisms. One-celled fungi cause d…
Microorganism
A living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
Microbiology
The study of microscopic organisms
11 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Viruses
Virus Deseases
Bacteria
Stuff needed for growth of Bacteria
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
Larger than viruses. Do not have a nucleas
Food, water, suitable temperature, suitable pH
Viruses
Smallest micro-oraganisms. Cannot reproduce by themselves. Sa…
Virus Deseases
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, colds, flu, cold sores, A…
microbiology and biotechnology
microbiology
viruses
bacteria
bacterial diseases
study of small living things, viruses, bacteria, fungi
smallest type of micro organisma cant be killed using antibio…
larger than viruses, require food, water, suitable pH to grow
can be killed with antibiotics, cholera, sore throat, food po…
microbiology
study of small living things, viruses, bacteria, fungi
viruses
smallest type of micro organisma cant be killed using antibio…
74 terms
11 genetic engineering & biotechnology
genetic engineering
restriction enzymes
eukaryotes
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
recognize specific DNA sequences and cut DNA @ those sites; w…
restriction enzymes are rare in ____________ (prokaryotes/euk…
genetic engineering
using in vitro techniques to alter genetic material in the la…
restriction enzymes
recognize specific DNA sequences and cut DNA @ those sites; w…
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
HGP
Genome
Restriction enzyme
Plasmids
________= Human Genome Project
All an organism's genetic information.
Protein that cuts DNA at a specific sequence.
Circular chromosomes in bacteria that offer variation.
HGP
________= Human Genome Project
Genome
All an organism's genetic information.
29 terms
Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
hand picking parents of next generation to help increase like…
breeding unlike parents in hopes that their best traits are c…
breeding closely related organisms to insure certain traits a…
_______ is when scientists manipulate the DNA of an organism
selective breeding
hand picking parents of next generation to help increase like…
hybridization
breeding unlike parents in hopes that their best traits are c…
14 terms
HBio Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant-DNA Technology
Cut
Manipulation of organisms of their components to perform prac…
Direct manipulation of genes for practical purpose
Joining together DNA from two or more sources
using restriction enzymes found in bacteria able to cut any k…
Biotechnology
Manipulation of organisms of their components to perform prac…
Genetic Engineering
Direct manipulation of genes for practical purpose
33 terms
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Gel Electrophoresis
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
In a crime scene, scientists could onl…
DNA Profiling
used to seperate proteins/ Dna by size and shape. Samples of…
Increases the amound of DNA, useful when only a small amount…
10 rounds
Compares sements to determine paternity, rape, ect. 1. DNA sa…
Gel Electrophoresis
used to seperate proteins/ Dna by size and shape. Samples of…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Increases the amound of DNA, useful when only a small amount…
Biotechnology - Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
What Enzymes Create Recombinant DNA?
Gene Therapy
Artificial manipulation of genes... Transfer of genes from one o…
Spliced DNA formed from two or more different sources or orga…
Restriction enzymes produced by bacteria
Attempts to correct a disease or disorder
Genetic Engineering
Artificial manipulation of genes... Transfer of genes from one o…
Recombinant DNA
Spliced DNA formed from two or more different sources or orga…
16 terms
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
the continued breeding of individuals with similar characteri…
making changes in the DNA code of a living organism
selective breeding
allowing only those animals with desired characteristics to p…
hybridization
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
14 terms
Microbiology and biotechnology
What is microbiology
What is fungi
Fungi can't make their own food what d…
Give three examples of fungi
The study of very tiny organisms (micro-organisms)
The largest type of micro-organisms
Dead plants and animals
Mushrooms, bread mould and yeast
What is microbiology
The study of very tiny organisms (micro-organisms)
What is fungi
The largest type of micro-organisms
10 terms
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
Gene splicing
Cloning
Inbreeding
Hybridization
use of restriction enzymes to remove and replace with a new g…
Use of a body cell and egg cell fused and then implanted into…
Selective breeding that allows for the same genes to be passe…
Combining dissimilar genetic traits from two parent so that t…
Gene splicing
use of restriction enzymes to remove and replace with a new g…
Cloning
Use of a body cell and egg cell fused and then implanted into…
24 terms
Genetic engineering & biotechnology
Purpose of PCR
Summarize steps of PCR
Why is PCR necessary and when is it us…
Purpose of electrophoresis
Used to compynand amplify small wuantities kf DNA
1) denature DNA to split the two stands by breaking h-bonds... 2…
To make more DNA that is needed if there is only a small samp…
Used to separate fragments of DNA according to size. Everyone…
Purpose of PCR
Used to compynand amplify small wuantities kf DNA
Summarize steps of PCR
1) denature DNA to split the two stands by breaking h-bonds... 2…
15 terms
Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering
DNA profiling
gel electrophoresis
restriction enzymes
DNA fragments that move the least dist…
the process of testing to identify DNA patterns or types; in…
technique used to separate DNA fragments of various lengths i…
proteins that cut extracted DNA into smaller fragments
longer fragments
DNA profiling
the process of testing to identify DNA patterns or types; in…
gel electrophoresis
technique used to separate DNA fragments of various lengths i…
13 terms
microbiology & biotechnology
what is the biggest microorganism
benefit 1 of fungi
benefit 2 of fungi
benefit 3 of fungi
fungi
they decompose dead things
yeast makes bread and alcohol
we eat mushrooms
what is the biggest microorganism
fungi
benefit 1 of fungi
they decompose dead things
Microbiology and biotechnology
Microbiology
Micro-organisms
Three types of micro-organisms
Viruses
The study of small things
Small living things.
Viruses... Bacteria... Fungi
Smallest micro-orgasims.... Cannot reproduce by themselves.... Not…
Microbiology
The study of small things
Micro-organisms
Small living things.
16 terms
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
Types of micro-organisms
Examples of fungi
Beneficial effects of fungi
The study of micro-organisms
Fungi, bacteria and viruses
Mushrooms and yeast
Act as decomposers, used to produce antibiotics (penicillin)
Microbiology
The study of micro-organisms
Types of micro-organisms
Fungi, bacteria and viruses
489 terms
Microbiology and biotechnology
L1:Microbiology
Microorganisms
Microbes can be
Viruses
study of microorganisms
microbes that are single-celled microscopic organisms (there…
bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae, protists
they are microscopic but not cellular, the study of viruses i…
L1:Microbiology
study of microorganisms
Microorganisms
microbes that are single-celled microscopic organisms (there…
Microbiology and biotechnology
Mircobiology
Micro-organisms
The 3 types of microorganisms
The smallest micro-organisms
The study of small living things
Small living things
Viruses ... Bacteria... Fungi
Viruses(nanometres)
Mircobiology
The study of small living things
Micro-organisms
Small living things
16 terms
Microbiology Biotechnology
Define clone
Define DNA cloning vector
Restriction enzyme
DNA ligase
a large number of identical cells or molecules with a single…
A carrier DNA molecule which allows attached DNA to be replic…
An enzyme that cuts DNA at specific sequences
An enzyme which covalently joins DNA strands
Define clone
a large number of identical cells or molecules with a single…
Define DNA cloning vector
A carrier DNA molecule which allows attached DNA to be replic…
Microbiology and biotechnology
What is Microbiology
Three types of micro-organisms
How do viruses reproduce?
Three virus diseases
The study of small living things
Viruses, bacteria, fungi
By invading other cells
measles, chicken pox, flu
What is Microbiology
The study of small living things
Three types of micro-organisms
Viruses, bacteria, fungi
17 terms
20. Biotechnology and genetic engineering
20. Biotechnology and genetic engineer…
20.1 Biotechnology and genetic enginee…
• State that bacteria are useful in bi…
• Discuss why bacteria are useful in b…
...
...
...
...
20. Biotechnology and genetic engineer…
...
20.1 Biotechnology and genetic enginee…
...
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Mutations
a process used to pass desired traits on to the next generati…
crossing dissimilar organisms to result in offspring with tra…
breeding organisms with desired characteristics to keep traits
can be increased to increase genetic variation
Selective Breeding
a process used to pass desired traits on to the next generati…
Hybridization
crossing dissimilar organisms to result in offspring with tra…
21 terms
microbiology and biotechnology
What is microbiology?
What are micro-organisms?
What are three examples of micro-organ…
What is the largest type of micro-orga…
The study of micro-organisms
Tiny organisms
Fungi, bacteria and viruses
Fungi
What is microbiology?
The study of micro-organisms
What are micro-organisms?
Tiny organisms
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Gel electrophoresis
DNA Profiling
DNA Profiling - Paternity Testing
PCR is a way of producing large quantites of a specific targe…
Gel electrophoresis is a technique which is used to separate…
DNA profiling is a technique by which individuals are identif…
Children inherit half of their alleles from each parent and t…
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
PCR is a way of producing large quantites of a specific targe…
Gel electrophoresis
Gel electrophoresis is a technique which is used to separate…
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Marker
Gel Electrophoresis
molecules produced by combining DNA from two different sources
making changes in the genetic code (genome) of a living organ…
Gene that makes it possible to distinguish cells that have fo…
Technique that uses electric voltage and a gel to separate an…
Recombinant DNA
molecules produced by combining DNA from two different sources
Genetic Engineering
making changes in the genetic code (genome) of a living organ…
Ch. 19 Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
how was biotechnology discovered?
selective breeding
biotechnology
genetic engineering
When the first human beings realized that they could plant th…
Breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits... Peo…
Modifying living organisms according to human purposes/commer…
Technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup…
how was biotechnology discovered?
When the first human beings realized that they could plant th…
selective breeding
Breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits... Peo…
Biotechnology - Culture - Genetic Engineering
Culture
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Enzyme
Fermentation
...
...
...
...
Culture
...
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
...
Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology
Name the 3 types of micro-organisms
Name the microbes in order of size (bi…
How do viruses survive?
The study of small living things
Viruses, fungi and bacteria
Fungi, bacteria, viruses
They live on or in another living thing - parasites
Microbiology
The study of small living things
Name the 3 types of micro-organisms
Viruses, fungi and bacteria
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
RFLP
genetic engineering
3 uses of genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
modify genetic makeup of organism
1. produce copies of genes... 2. produce large quantities of pro…
most enzymes produce overhanging bases called sticky ends whe…
RFLP
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
genetic engineering
modify genetic makeup of organism
9 terms
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Restriction enzymes
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Modification of organisms, cells, and their molecules for pra…
Manipulationof an organisms' genetic material
Enzymes that recognize and bind to specific sequences of DNA…
Lab techniques where a fragment of DNA can be duplicated repe…
Biotechnology
Modification of organisms, cells, and their molecules for pra…
Genetic Engineering
Manipulationof an organisms' genetic material
Biotechnology: Genetics and Engineering
Genetic Markers
Vectors
Biolistics
Blastula
found by comparing DNA patterns on DNA fragments
the material used to transport foreign material into the cell
Inserting DNA via compressed air or a gun cartridge
The embryonic stage where cells are diving but not becoming d…
Genetic Markers
found by comparing DNA patterns on DNA fragments
Vectors
the material used to transport foreign material into the cell
Genetic engineering and Biotechnology
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Denaturation in PCR
Annealing in PCR
Elongation in PCR
way of producing large quantities of a specific target sequen…
1st step:DNA sample is heated to separate it into two strands
2nd step: DNA primers attach to opposite ends of the target s…
Last step: A heat-tolerant DNA polymerase (Taq) copies the st…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
way of producing large quantities of a specific target sequen…
Denaturation in PCR
1st step:DNA sample is heated to separate it into two strands
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology
Agarose Gel
Agrobacterium
BAC
Bt Toxin (cry gene)
...
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...
Agarose Gel
...
Agrobacterium
...
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