Study sets matching "english language"

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Study sets matching "english language"

74 terms
AP English Language
Allegory
Alliteration
Allusion
Analogy
a work that functions on a symbolic level
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed s…
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary wo…
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some re…
Allegory
a work that functions on a symbolic level
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed s…
35 terms
English Language Arts Vocabulary
synonym
hyperbole
metaphor
simile
a word that has the same meaning as another word
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstate…
A comparison without using like or as
A comparison of two things using like or as
synonym
a word that has the same meaning as another word
hyperbole
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstate…
English Language (Spoken Language)
Phatic Utterance
Utterance
Delxis expressions
Prosodie
Used to initiate or close conversations ('Hi, how are you?')
One person starts talking and then the next.
Refers to something that is in the moment and place.
A variation in noise.
Phatic Utterance
Used to initiate or close conversations ('Hi, how are you?')
Utterance
One person starts talking and then the next.
English language
hat
scarf
pencil sharpener
apple
chapeau
écharpe
Taille crayon
pomme
hat
chapeau
scarf
écharpe
50 terms
AP English Language and Composition
Allegory
Antecedent
Antithesis
Aphorism
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolica…
Word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
Opposition or contrast of ideas through parallelism.
Terse statement of unknown authorship which expresses a gener…
Allegory
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolica…
Antecedent
Word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
34 terms
AP English Language Biblical Allusions
Alpha and Omega
Armageddon
blind leading the blind
Cain and Abel/brother's keeper
MEANING: The beginning and the end... ORIGIN: from Revelations i…
MEANING: used to refer to any final conflict on a great scale…
MEANING: one of little experience teaching or showing someone…
MEANING: to indicate someone avoiding responsibility for the…
Alpha and Omega
MEANING: The beginning and the end... ORIGIN: from Revelations i…
Armageddon
MEANING: used to refer to any final conflict on a great scale…
English Language- Language Diversity
Standard English
Slang
Dialect
Taboo
The dialect of English that is considered to have the most pr…
Referring to words and phrases that are considered informal
Variations in words and structures associated with a particul…
Lexical choices which are deemed to be offensive
Standard English
The dialect of English that is considered to have the most pr…
Slang
Referring to words and phrases that are considered informal
8 terms
English Language
Syllable
Connected speech
Phoneme
Phonemic symbols
A part of a word that usually contains a vowel sound, eg pen…
Spoken language in which the words join to form a connected s…
The smallest sound unit which can make a difference to meanin…
The characters we use which represent the different sounds or…
Syllable
A part of a word that usually contains a vowel sound, eg pen…
Connected speech
Spoken language in which the words join to form a connected s…
13 terms
English Language
Coherence
Cohesion
Clause
Independent Clause
The semantic connections that exist within a text to make it…
The linguistic connections and ties that exist between the wo…
A clause must contain a subject (the person or thing doing th…
Such clauses expresses a complete thought so they can stand a…
Coherence
The semantic connections that exist within a text to make it…
Cohesion
The linguistic connections and ties that exist between the wo…
55 terms
English Language - Meta Language
Blends
Acronyms
initialisms
Shortenings
A word formed from parts of two or more other words
Words formed from the initials of other
An abbreviation consisting of initial letters pronounced sepa…
The act or process of dropping one or more syllables from a w…
Blends
A word formed from parts of two or more other words
Acronyms
Words formed from the initials of other
44 terms
English Language - Language Change
Acryonym
Affix
Archaism
Assimilation
a lexicalised word made up from initial letters (sounded as a…
Adding morphemes to the front or back of existing words E.g u…
Old word or phrase no longer in general use
One sound affects other sounds close by
Acryonym
a lexicalised word made up from initial letters (sounded as a…
Affix
Adding morphemes to the front or back of existing words E.g u…
25 terms
English Language-language acquisition
Phoneme
Phonetics
Lexis
Semantics
the smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of language
the study of the sounds used in speech, including how they ar…
the vocabulary of language
the study of meaning
Phoneme
the smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of language
Phonetics
the study of the sounds used in speech, including how they ar…
English language
Interpret
Opinion
Language for emotive effect
Connotation
Explain the meaning of something in your own words, showing y…
A view or judgement not necessarily based on fact or knowledge.
Words and phrases that are deliberately used to provoke an em…
An idea or feeling suggested in the addition to the main mean…
Interpret
Explain the meaning of something in your own words, showing y…
Opinion
A view or judgement not necessarily based on fact or knowledge.
10 terms
English language- online language
Repetition if speech patterns
Acronyms and initialisms
Phonetic spelling
Reduplication of letters
"Uhm""err" -recreate and stimulate vidual and audio spoken la…
First letters of words to make phrases. Lol or rotflol
Spelling the way it sounds. "Dun" instead of done
Exaggerating letters to add emphasis. "Soooo boreddd"
Repetition if speech patterns
"Uhm""err" -recreate and stimulate vidual and audio spoken la…
Acronyms and initialisms
First letters of words to make phrases. Lol or rotflol
English Language Meta-language
Jargon
Lexeme
Paraliguistics
Discource Particles
Special words or expressions used by a profession or group th…
A basic lexical unit of a language consisting of one word or…
Paralinguistics are the aspects of spoken communication that…
In linguistics, a discourse particle is a lexeme (word or phr…
Jargon
Special words or expressions used by a profession or group th…
Lexeme
A basic lexical unit of a language consisting of one word or…
31 terms
Introduction to English Language
Phonetics
Phonology
Elision
Vowel reduction
The study of speech sounds regardless of language
The study of the sound systems of a language
The omission of a sound in a connected speech (vowel, consona…
The reducing of a vowel to an unstressed position e.g. water…
Phonetics
The study of speech sounds regardless of language
Phonology
The study of the sound systems of a language
English language informal language
Intimacy
Solidarity
Equality
Positive face needs
close relationship between the two or more people
Solid friendship
Sitting on the same level as someone else
Nice comments, persuading
Intimacy
close relationship between the two or more people
Solidarity
Solid friendship
32 terms
English Language - Spoken Language
referential
expressive
transactional
interactional
utterances that provide information
utterances said to express feeling
verbal exchanges emphasising on getting something done
verbal exchanges emphasising social relationship such as a lo…
referential
utterances that provide information
expressive
utterances said to express feeling
41 terms
English Language - Language Acquisition
MKA Halliday
Instrumental
Regulatory
Interactional
The linguist proposed that a child uses language to fufil a n…
The 'I want' function: language used to satisfy personal needs
The ' do as I tell you' function: language used to control th…
The 'me and you', 'hello' function: language used to begin or…
MKA Halliday
The linguist proposed that a child uses language to fufil a n…
Instrumental
The 'I want' function: language used to satisfy personal needs
66 terms
AP English Language Vocabulary
Ad Hominem Argument
Allegory
Alliteration
Allusion
Attacks the opposing speaker or another person rather than ad…
Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or con…
The repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning…
A reference, usually oblique or faint, to another thing, idea…
Ad Hominem Argument
Attacks the opposing speaker or another person rather than ad…
Allegory
Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or con…
32 terms
English Language Chapter 1
Anglophone World
Text
Context
Lingua Franca
The places in the world where English is spoken.
Any written work or transcribed piece of speech. They're used…
The circumstances that surround the writing and the reading o…
The language spoken by people who don't share a native langua…
Anglophone World
The places in the world where English is spoken.
Text
Any written work or transcribed piece of speech. They're used…
9 terms
English Language - Language
Simile
Repetition
Personification
Metaphor
Comparing things with 'as' or 'like'
Repeated phrase or words
Giving an inanimate object human features
Saying that one thing is something else
Simile
Comparing things with 'as' or 'like'
Repetition
Repeated phrase or words
English language. Informal Language.
Nouns.
Verbs.
Adjectives.
Plurals.
Describing a people place or thing.
Doing words, specifically express actions or states.
Describing words providing extra information about nouns by g…
Adding 's' to make nouns plural.
Nouns.
Describing a people place or thing.
Verbs.
Doing words, specifically express actions or states.
94 terms
English Language
Representation
Linguistic relativity
Reappropriation
Pejorative term
Portrayal of events, people and circumstances through languag…
Idea that language we use can determine the way we think abou…
Reclaiming a word or phrase that has come to mean something e…
Judgemental teen that usually implies disapproval or criticism
Representation
Portrayal of events, people and circumstances through languag…
Linguistic relativity
Idea that language we use can determine the way we think abou…
English Language
Language features
Metaphor
Imperative
Colloquialisms
Hyperbole, imperative, ellipsis, colloquialisms, direct quota…
A comparison not using like or as
Necessary, urgent
a local or regional dialect expression/ slang.
Language features
Hyperbole, imperative, ellipsis, colloquialisms, direct quota…
Metaphor
A comparison not using like or as
21 terms
English Language Chapter 4
Propoganda
Assertion
False Dilemma
Plain Folks
The conscious effort to shape public opinion to conform to an…
Making bold statements and not inviting the audience to quest…
Claiming that there are only two answers to one problem and f…
Generalising about the average person and thereby grouping th…
Propoganda
The conscious effort to shape public opinion to conform to an…
Assertion
Making bold statements and not inviting the audience to quest…
English language
abstract noun
adverb
collective noun
common noun
a noun denoting an idea, quality, or state rather than a conc…
a word, phrase or clause that modifies the meaning of a verb,…
a noun referring to a group eg. staff,band,group
a noun denoting a class of objects or a concept as opposed to…
abstract noun
a noun denoting an idea, quality, or state rather than a conc…
adverb
a word, phrase or clause that modifies the meaning of a verb,…
English language: language and power
Political power
Personal power
Social group power
Instrumental power
Power held by those with the backing of the law
Power held by those as a result of their roles in organisations
Power held as a result of being a member of a dominant social…
Having actual authority to impose sanctions if power is ignored
Political power
Power held by those with the backing of the law
Personal power
Power held by those as a result of their roles in organisations
English Language: Language and Dialect
Johanna Thornbarrow
Labov Martha's Vineyard Study
Matched Guise Technique
Gary Ives
'One of the most fundamental ways we have of establishing our…
Was interested specifically in the pronunciation of the dipth…
Howard Giles... A speaker performed different accent varieties t…
Commissioned two care studies to be carried out on London and…
Johanna Thornbarrow
'One of the most fundamental ways we have of establishing our…
Labov Martha's Vineyard Study
Was interested specifically in the pronunciation of the dipth…
17 terms
English language
Orthographical features
Triadic structure
Clause level analysis and positioning
Ellipsis
How a text looks/ how the words look.
This is when there are three things listed in a row. ... e.g. I…
For what purpose was a clause positioned the way it was.
Missing out words through the means of lexicons or punctuatio…
Orthographical features
How a text looks/ how the words look.
Triadic structure
This is when there are three things listed in a row. ... e.g. I…
12 terms
English Language Terminology (Language Concepts)
Audience
Context
Dialect
Idiolect
Either the implied, unintended and intended receiver .
The surrounding circumstances of language production, includi…
Variation in words and phrases based on geographical location
An individual's linguistic features
Audience
Either the implied, unintended and intended receiver .
Context
The surrounding circumstances of language production, includi…
10 terms
English language arts and reading
Phonology
Phonemes
Morphology
Morphemes
Study of the sound system of a language
The basic units of sound
Study of the structure of words and word formation
The smallest representation of meaning
Phonology
Study of the sound system of a language
Phonemes
The basic units of sound
18 terms
English Language Chapter 2
Audience
Purpose
Context of Interpretation
Context of Composition
A group of listeners or readers for whom a text is intended.…
A writer's intentions in writing a text in order to instigate…
The factors that can influence a reader's interpretation of a…
The factors that can influence a writer's composition of a te…
Audience
A group of listeners or readers for whom a text is intended.…
Purpose
A writer's intentions in writing a text in order to instigate…
60 terms
English Language
Features of connected speech
Denotation
Semantics
Hyponym
Assimation... Elision... Liasion... Reduction
The literal meaning of a word
The meanings of words and how they are constructed
Word of specific meaning (eg. fruit, meat)
Features of connected speech
Assimation... Elision... Liasion... Reduction
Denotation
The literal meaning of a word
37 terms
English Language
Dialect
Accent
Convergence
Divergence
The lexis used
The way in which the way dialect is spoken
Two people moving towards each other in terms of dialect
Two people moving away from each other in terms of dialect
Dialect
The lexis used
Accent
The way in which the way dialect is spoken
English Language - Power in Language
Power Asymmetry
Political Power
Personal Power
Social Group power
A marked difference in the power status of individuals involv…
Held by politicians, police and those working within the law
Individuals as a result of occupation, role or status
Held by people as a result of their social variables (gender,…
Power Asymmetry
A marked difference in the power status of individuals involv…
Political Power
Held by politicians, police and those working within the law
22 terms
AP English Language Historical Allusions
Attila
berserk
blarney
Casanova
MEANING: barbarian, rough leader... ORIGIN: King of the Huns fro…
MEANING: destructively or frenetically violent, mental or emo…
MEANING: has also come to mean to placate with soft talk or t…
MEANING: a man who is amorously and gallantly attentive to wo…
Attila
MEANING: barbarian, rough leader... ORIGIN: King of the Huns fro…
berserk
MEANING: destructively or frenetically violent, mental or emo…
English language
noun
verb
adverb
Progressive verb
name of something
doing word
a word that describes a verb (usually ends in 'ly')
Verb that ends in 'ing' (running and eating). Can Suggest som…
noun
name of something
verb
doing word
20 terms
AP English Language Summer Vocabulary Quiz
The fisherman went to the bank. This i…
An Anecdote is
Ethos, Logos, Pathos are
Author's distinguishing style, tone, p…
Lexical Ambiguity
A brief story used to illustrate or make a point.
Appeals
Voice
The fisherman went to the bank. This i…
Lexical Ambiguity
An Anecdote is
A brief story used to illustrate or make a point.
29 terms
English Language AS - Language and Power
Influential Power
Instrumental Power
Personal Power
Political Power
Persuading someone to do something with the use of power
Using consequences to display power
Displaying power through their personality
Power from those who have the law behind them
Influential Power
Persuading someone to do something with the use of power
Instrumental Power
Using consequences to display power
19 terms
Beginning English Academic Language
Cause and Effect
Character
Climax
Compare and Contrast
The relationship between an action and the result of the acti…
A person portrayed in a short story, novel or play.
Point of highest suspense and action in a story.
Measuring similarities and differences between two subjects
Cause and Effect
The relationship between an action and the result of the acti…
Character
A person portrayed in a short story, novel or play.
English Language : Language Change
Eponyms
Inflections
Conversion
Cliché
Words that are derived from names
Adding bits to the end of words
Word changes function
Overused language which loses its originality
Eponyms
Words that are derived from names
Inflections
Adding bits to the end of words
English Language Quotes
Benjamin Lee Whorf
Frantz Fanon
Ferdinand de Saussure
Edward Sapir
"language shapes the way we think, and determines what we thi…
"to speak a language is to take on a world, a culture"
"time changes all things; there is no reason why language sho…
"language is the most massive and inclusive art we know, a mo…
Benjamin Lee Whorf
"language shapes the way we think, and determines what we thi…
Frantz Fanon
"to speak a language is to take on a world, a culture"
6 terms
English Language
question 1
question 2
question 3
question 4
introductory sentence - summary of article. 4 POINTS (through…
Analyse headline, link headline to text, analyse picture, lin…
Identify 2 thoughts and 2 feelings (throughout whole text - h…
highlight imagery or descriptive language x4 at least (throug…
question 1
introductory sentence - summary of article. 4 POINTS (through…
question 2
Analyse headline, link headline to text, analyse picture, lin…
35 terms
English language key words.
common noun
abstract noun
proper noun
verb
a naming word for a thing that is tangible, e.g. chair, pengu…
a naming word for an idea, concept, state of being or belief,…
a naming word for a specific example of a common noun (often…
a word that represents an action or process: in simple terms…
common noun
a naming word for a thing that is tangible, e.g. chair, pengu…
abstract noun
a naming word for an idea, concept, state of being or belief,…
26 terms
AP English Language Mythological Allusions
Achilles' heel
Adonis
Apollo
Atlantean
MEANING: one spot that is most vulnerable; one weakness a per…
MEANING: a handsome young man... ORIGIN: Aphrodite loved him and…
MEANING: a physically perfect male... ORIGIN: the God of music a…
MEANING: strong like Atlas... ORIGIN: Atlas carried the globe (w…
Achilles' heel
MEANING: one spot that is most vulnerable; one weakness a per…
Adonis
MEANING: a handsome young man... ORIGIN: Aphrodite loved him and…
60 terms
English Language
Phoneme
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
The distinctive sound units in a language. There are 44 phone…
The study of spoken sounds
The study of a sound system of a particular language
The study of the internal structure of words and their format…
Phoneme
The distinctive sound units in a language. There are 44 phone…
Phonetics
The study of spoken sounds
English Language
Touching the Void
Beach Safety
Climate Change: The Facts
A Game of Polo with a Headless Goat
Violence and Pain Joe suffered... Sense of helplessness + insign…
Large Font... Colors... Logo, Banners... Clear Instructions... Engaging +…
Subheadings... Humour ... Statistics... Importance of how serious situ…
Sense of Danger... Chaotic Anarchy... Free, adventurous characters…
Touching the Void
Violence and Pain Joe suffered... Sense of helplessness + insign…
Beach Safety
Large Font... Colors... Logo, Banners... Clear Instructions... Engaging +…
english language- language and gender
Peter Trudgill (1983)
jenny cheshire (reading study, 1982)
robin lackoff- language and womens pla…
janet holmes (1992)
-his study was mainly concerned with the phonological and gra…
-she studied that the speech of teenagers in Norwich and foun…
-female language is seen in some way deficient to the establi…
-suggested that tag questions were not used by women as a sig…
Peter Trudgill (1983)
-his study was mainly concerned with the phonological and gra…
jenny cheshire (reading study, 1982)
-she studied that the speech of teenagers in Norwich and foun…
91 terms
English Language
Purpose
Audience
Context
Techniques
Why was it written? for what effect?... - information, entertain…
who was it written for?
background; time, place, politics, social issues
literary devices
Purpose
Why was it written? for what effect?... - information, entertain…
Audience
who was it written for?
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