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Study sets matching "enriched chemistry"

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Study sets matching "enriched chemistry"

40 terms
Chemistry Enriched
accuracy
precision
qualitative measurements
quantitative measurements
how close to the known value (50.00g -> 49.99g)
repeatable, somewhat close (50.00g -> 47.99g, 47.89g, 47.95g)
measures without numbers, based on looks
measure with numbers
accuracy
how close to the known value (50.00g -> 49.99g)
precision
repeatable, somewhat close (50.00g -> 47.99g, 47.89g, 47.95g)
48 terms
Enriched Chemistry
Avogadros number
Limiting Reactant
Excess Reactant
percentage composition
6.02 x 10^23
The reactant in a chemical reaction that limits the amount of…
The reactant in a chemical reaction that remains when a react…
Mass of certain element/ total mass of compound
Avogadros number
6.02 x 10^23
Limiting Reactant
The reactant in a chemical reaction that limits the amount of…
Chemistry enrichment
Reaction assumptions
Reactions are stoichiometric
Net ionic equation
Non-ionic equations
Spontaneous, reactions, quantitative or limiting and stoichio…
Simple whole number ration of chemical amounts of reactants a…
After cutting out everything that occurs on both sides of the…
The balanced equation
Reaction assumptions
Spontaneous, reactions, quantitative or limiting and stoichio…
Reactions are stoichiometric
Simple whole number ration of chemical amounts of reactants a…
5 terms
Chemistry Enrichment
Mass Percent/ Percent Composition
Empirical Formula
Molecular
Empirical Formula
How much of element in a compound... Method of representing amou…
Compound's lowest whole number ratio of atoms ... Doesn't mean y…
Whole number multiple of the empirical formula
Only used to determine what a compound might be
Mass Percent/ Percent Composition
How much of element in a compound... Method of representing amou…
Empirical Formula
Compound's lowest whole number ratio of atoms ... Doesn't mean y…
33 terms
Enriched Chemistry Ch 9
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Visible Light
Wavelength and Frequency Relationship
Photoelectic Effect
Raging Martians Invade Venus Using X-ray Guns
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
Inverse... c=λf... c= speed of light (3.00x10⁸ m/s)... λ= wavelength…
- a minimum frequency of light is required to eject an electr…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Raging Martians Invade Venus Using X-ray Guns
Visible Light
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
24 terms
Enriched Chemistry Chapter 10
Number of electron groups: 2... Number of…
Number of electron groups: 3... Number of…
Number of electron groups: 3... Number of…
Number of electron groups: 4... Number of…
linear
trigonal planar
bent
tetrahedral
Number of electron groups: 2... Number of…
linear
Number of electron groups: 3... Number of…
trigonal planar
288 terms
Enriched Chemistry Final
Scientific Method
Quantity
SI Base Units
Measurement
logical approach to solving problems by observing and collect…
omething that has magnitude, size, or amount
(__.) K H D B D C M (.__)
...
Scientific Method
logical approach to solving problems by observing and collect…
Quantity
omething that has magnitude, size, or amount
41 terms
Enriched Chemistry Unit 10
Why does bonding exist?
attraction between oppositely charged…
one major rule about ionic bonding
most form more than one cation
satisfy the octet rule
ionic bonding
between a nonmetal and a metal
transition metals
Why does bonding exist?
satisfy the octet rule
attraction between oppositely charged…
ionic bonding
49 terms
Enriched BioChemistry Review
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons
Compound
Mass number vs atomic number
Isotope
PROtons- positively charged in the nucleus... NEUTRons- no charg…
Molecule with different types of atoms bonded together
Mass Number- amount of protons and neutrons... Atomic Number- am…
Atoms of SAME ELEMENT but with a different number of neutrons…
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons
PROtons- positively charged in the nucleus... NEUTRons- no charg…
Compound
Molecule with different types of atoms bonded together
18 terms
Chemistry Enriched Chapter 6
What did Lavoisier do?
Newlands?
Why can't atomic radii be measured dir…
Trend for atomic radii?
Compiled list of all known elements in 1700
Proposed atomic mass arrangement, discovered law of octaves
Electron cloud does not have a clearly defined outer edge
Increases down a group, decreases left to right across a period
What did Lavoisier do?
Compiled list of all known elements in 1700
Newlands?
Proposed atomic mass arrangement, discovered law of octaves
35 terms
Enriched Chemistry Chapter 4
Democritus
Democritus
Democritus
Democritus
400 BC
First proposed the idea of the atom
believed the atom was indivisible
infinite number of atoms
Democritus
400 BC
Democritus
First proposed the idea of the atom
53 terms
Enriched Chemistry: Chapter 6
compound is formed from simpler compou…
A+B->AB
compound is broken down into simpler c…
AB->A+B
synthesis (combination)
synthesis
decomposition
decomposition
compound is formed from simpler compou…
synthesis (combination)
A+B->AB
synthesis
23 terms
Enriched Chemistry: Chapter 5
contain a metal and a nonmetal
cation to anion
overall charge for an ionic compound
naming type 1 ionic compounds
binary ionic compounds
binary ionic compounds
0
cation first, anion root + ide
contain a metal and a nonmetal
binary ionic compounds
cation to anion
binary ionic compounds
40 terms
Enriched Chemistry: Ch 9
light is a form of...
distance between two peaks (or between…
the number of wavelengths passing a gi…
Short wavelength, _____________ freque…
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
high
light is a form of...
electromagnetic radiation
distance between two peaks (or between…
wavelength
9 terms
Enriched Chemistry functional groups
Alcohols
Aldehyde
Ketone
Carboxylic Acid
ROH
RCHO
RCOR'
RCOOH
Alcohols
ROH
Aldehyde
RCHO
13 terms
Enriched Chemistry Semester One
Accuracy
Precision
Least Count
One Rule for Sig Figs
Closeness of measurement to the true value.
Closeness/ agreement of two or more measurements of something.
The smallest unit of a measuring device.
there is a decimal point: count from left to right starting w…
Accuracy
Closeness of measurement to the true value.
Precision
Closeness/ agreement of two or more measurements of something.
24 terms
Chemistry Enriched Final
Scientific Method (2.1)
Quantity (2.2)
SI base unit (2.2)
measurement (2.2)
a logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
something that has magnitude, size, or amount
the measurement system accepted worldwide
the action of measuring something
Scientific Method (2.1)
a logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Quantity (2.2)
something that has magnitude, size, or amount
52 terms
Enriched Chemistry - Unit 1
physical property
chemical property
physical change
chemical change
a property that you can observe without changing one kind of…
a property that you can observe when one kind of matter is co…
changes that affect the physical appearance of matter, but NO…
change in both physical and chemical properties; changes that…
physical property
a property that you can observe without changing one kind of…
chemical property
a property that you can observe when one kind of matter is co…
64 terms
Enriched Chemistry Semester 1
Chemistry
derived unit
conversion factor
accuracy
study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
a unit that is defined by a combination of base units
ratio of equivalent values used to express the same quantity…
how close a measured value is to an accepted value
Chemistry
study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
derived unit
a unit that is defined by a combination of base units
21 terms
Enriched Chemistry Chapter 10
a lone pair creates what kind of bond?
the atom with higher electronegativity…
molecular geometry with 2 electron gro…
molecular geometry with 3 electron gro…
polar
negatively
linear
trigonal planar
a lone pair creates what kind of bond?
polar
the atom with higher electronegativity…
negatively
288 terms
Enriched Chemistry Final
Scientific Method
Quantity
SI Base Units
Measurement
logical approach to solving problems by observing and collect…
omething that has magnitude, size, or amount
(__.) K H D B D C M (.__)
...
Scientific Method
logical approach to solving problems by observing and collect…
Quantity
omething that has magnitude, size, or amount
80 terms
Enriched Chemistry Midterm Review
Substance
Element
Compound
Mixture
All samples have the same properties and composition.... Ex: Any…
Substance that cannot be broken down any farther; all atoms h…
Substance that is the chemical combination of two or more dif…
A physical blend of substances that has a variable compositio…
Substance
All samples have the same properties and composition.... Ex: Any…
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down any farther; all atoms h…
20 terms
Biology Enriched: Chemistry Symbols
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
C
H
O
N
Carbon
C
Hydrogen
H
77 terms
Enriched Chemistry Mid Year
Depend on the amount of matter that is…
Do not depend on the amount of matter…
A characteristic that can be observed…
Substances ability to undergo changes…
Extensive Properties
Intensive Properties
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Depend on the amount of matter that is…
Extensive Properties
Do not depend on the amount of matter…
Intensive Properties
80 terms
Enriched Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
SI Units for:... Length... Volume... Temperatur…
Calculate error
Calculate percent error
Accuracy
Length: meters... Volume: ?... Temperature: Kelvin... Time: seconds... Ma…
error = experimental value - accepted value
calculated error/accepted value
how close a measurement is to the accepted value
SI Units for:... Length... Volume... Temperatur…
Length: meters... Volume: ?... Temperature: Kelvin... Time: seconds... Ma…
Calculate error
error = experimental value - accepted value
16 terms
Smaka Enriched Chemistry Chapter 6
How do you know if a single replacemen…
How do you know if a double replacemen…
How do you identify a combination reac…
How do you identify a decomposition re…
an element by itself has to be more reactive than the element…
at least one product must form a solid based on the solubilit…
Two or more reactants combining to form a larger one
One large reactant decomposes into two or more smaller products
How do you know if a single replacemen…
an element by itself has to be more reactive than the element…
How do you know if a double replacemen…
at least one product must form a solid based on the solubilit…
138 terms
Enriched Chemistry Semester 1 review Edina High School
Chemistry
derived unit
conversion factor
accuracy
study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
a unit that is defined by a combination of base units
ratio of equivalent values used to express the same quantity…
how close a measured value is to an accepted value
Chemistry
study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
derived unit
a unit that is defined by a combination of base units
12 terms
Periodic Trends/Rules: Chapter 9 Enriched Chemistry
Periodic Trend for Atomic Radius
Periodic Trend for Ionization Energy
Periodic Trend for Electron Affinity
Periodic Trend for Radioactivity
increasing going left, increasing going down
increasing going right, increasing going up
increasing going right, increasing going up
increasing going left, increasing going down
Periodic Trend for Atomic Radius
increasing going left, increasing going down
Periodic Trend for Ionization Energy
increasing going right, increasing going up
65 terms
Grade 11 Enriched Chemistry Exam Prep
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Isotopes
Atomic Mass
Number of Protons in atom
Number of protons and neutrons in atom
Atoms of the same element with different mass numbers
Weighted average of mass number based on occurrence in nature
Atomic Number
Number of Protons in atom
Mass Number
Number of protons and neutrons in atom
34 terms
Enrichment Plus Chapter 4 Chemistry Basics
matter
atoms
protons
neutrons
anything that has mass and occupies space
the "building blocks" of all matter
particles found in the nucleus of an atom that have a positiv…
particles found in the nucleus of an atom that have NO charge
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
atoms
the "building blocks" of all matter
8 terms
Enriched Chemistry: Chapter 6, Rules for Assigning Oxidation Numbers
Rules for assigning oxidation numbers:…
Rules for assigning oxidation numbers:…
Rules for assigning oxidation numbers:…
Rules for assigning oxidation numbers:…
0
its charge
-1 in all of its compounds
-1
Rules for assigning oxidation numbers:…
0
Rules for assigning oxidation numbers:…
its charge
13 terms
Enriched Chemistry - Chp. 9 (Sections 9.1-9.6)
What is the relationship between energ…
What is the relationship between wavel…
Why electrons "jump" to higher energy…
How do electrons "jump" back down to t…
Direct Relationship
Inverse Relationship
When the absorb energy
When they release that energy
What is the relationship between energ…
Direct Relationship
What is the relationship between wavel…
Inverse Relationship
22 terms
Unit 1 - The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
47 terms
1617 Polyatomic Ions (Enriched)
ammonium
copper (I)
copper (II)
iron (II)
NH₄⁺
Cu⁺
Cu²⁺
Fe²⁺
ammonium
NH₄⁺
copper (I)
Cu⁺
42 terms
Chemistry Review
Group (column)
hydrogen ion
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
Share valence electron #
a positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
Water loving
Water fearing
Group (column)
Share valence electron #
hydrogen ion
a positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
25 terms
Enriched Element Quiz 1
Aluminum
Antimony
Argon
Arsenic
Al
Sb
Ar
As
Aluminum
Al
Antimony
Sb
10 terms
1-Chemistry Review
atom
ion
compound
atomic number
basic unit of a chemical element; basic building blocks of ma…
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are che…
the number of positive charges or protons (and therefore also…
atom
basic unit of a chemical element; basic building blocks of ma…
ion
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
19 terms
Enriched Anatomy Vocab Lists list #1
Dissect
physiology
anatomy
disease
to cut apart (an animal body, plant, etc.) to examine the str…
the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activiti…
study of body structure
Illness abnormal state in which part or all of the body does…
Dissect
to cut apart (an animal body, plant, etc.) to examine the str…
physiology
the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activiti…
25 terms
Enriched Element Quiz 2 List
Lithium
Magnesium
Manganese
Mercury
Li
Mg
Mn
Hg
Lithium
Li
Magnesium
Mg
chapter 6 chemistry E
6.1 chemical bond
6.1 ionic bonding
6.1 covalent bonding
6.1 nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
chemical bonding that results from the sharing of electron pa…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
6.1 chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
6.1 ionic bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
26 terms
Polyatomic Ions
phosphate
acetate
mercury I (mercurous)
carbonate
PO4 3-
C2H3O2 -
Hg2 2+
CO3 2-
phosphate
PO4 3-
acetate
C2H3O2 -
13 terms
The Atom
proton
neutron
electron
atomic number
a positive particle with a mass of 1 amu found in the nucleus
a neutral particle with a mass of 1 amu found in the nucleus
a negative particle with a mass of 1/1836 amu found outside o…
the number that identifies the element (number of protons)
proton
a positive particle with a mass of 1 amu found in the nucleus
neutron
a neutral particle with a mass of 1 amu found in the nucleus
40 terms
REVIEW: Basic Matter and Chemistry Review
Atom
Electrons
Proton
Neutron
Atom
Electrons
12 terms
Energy
Temperature
heat
system
surroundings
measure of the average kinetic energy of molecules
energy that transfers when there is a temperature difference
the part of the universe you are examining
everything except for the system
Temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of molecules
heat
energy that transfers when there is a temperature difference
22 terms
Matter and Changes
matter
substance
mixture
solid
anything that has mass and takes up space
an element or a compound
two or more substances physically mixed (or blended) together
a phase of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
an element or a compound
10 terms
PDST Chemistry - Environmental Chemistry (Water)
Hard Water
Total Hardness
Flocculant
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
Water that will not easily form a lather with soap. Caused by…
= temporary hardness + permanent hardness
A chemical added to water to coagulate suspended particles
The amount of dissolved oxygen consumed by a biological actio…
Hard Water
Water that will not easily form a lather with soap. Caused by…
Total Hardness
= temporary hardness + permanent hardness
137 terms
Enriched Chem 2015 Midterm Vocabulary
Scientific method
Quantity
SI Base Units
Measurement
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
something that has magnitude, size, or amount
The measurement system accepted worldwide
the action of measuring something (Size, Length, Volume, etc)
Scientific method
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Quantity
something that has magnitude, size, or amount
14 terms
Organic Chemistry Review: Organic Functional Groups
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Ketone
Carboxylic Acid
Alcohol
Aldehyde
34 terms
Lab Equipment
beaker
beaker tongs
Bunsen burner
clay triangle
beaker
beaker tongs
31 terms
Chapter 3 Chemistry vocab
atomoic mass unit
radioactive decay
speed of light
wevelength of light frequency
the mass of a proton or a neutron (AMU)... 1.66 x (10 to the pow…
the spondaneous breakdown of an atom's nucleus, which often c…
3.00 x (10 to the power of 8) m/sec
speed of light constant (c) / wavelength (lamda)
atomoic mass unit
the mass of a proton or a neutron (AMU)... 1.66 x (10 to the pow…
radioactive decay
the spondaneous breakdown of an atom's nucleus, which often c…
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