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Study sets matching "environmental earth science"

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Study sets matching "environmental earth science"

26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
8 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Thrust fault
Normal fault
Transform fault
Compression forces
...
...
Thrust fault
Normal fault
183 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
44 terms
Earth/Environmental Science -- Air
Pressure gradient
cT
Cold Front
Warm Front
a change in pressure over a given distance
symbol for a continental tropical air mass
the boundary of an advancing cold air mass, characterized by…
the boundary of an advancing warm air mass, characterized by…
Pressure gradient
a change in pressure over a given distance
cT
symbol for a continental tropical air mass
205 terms
Final Review: Earth/Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
17 terms
Introduction to Earth and Environmental Science
Lithosphere
Biosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of wh…
Air.
Lithosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
42 terms
Earth and Environmental Science - Water
Precipitation
evaporation
condensation
transpiration
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
Gas to Liquid; gas gets colder and changes back to liquid , f…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of puri…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
evaporation
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
6 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 2
Elliptical
Kepler's third law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's first law
oval; containing an ellipsis;
Another name for The Law of Harmonies; ... The ratio of the squa…
planets speed up as they come near the sun
All objects in the solar system orbit the sun in elliptical p…
Elliptical
oval; containing an ellipsis;
Kepler's third law
Another name for The Law of Harmonies; ... The ratio of the squa…
7 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 1
Rotation
Revolution
Precession
Perihelion
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis, (causes day and…
The movement of an object around another object, (1 revolutio…
A slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
point in Earth's orbit when it is nearest to the sun; (January)
Rotation
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis, (causes day and…
Revolution
The movement of an object around another object, (1 revolutio…
10 terms
Earth Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 5
Perigee
Apogee
Neap Tide
Spring Tide
point in an orbit that is closest to the earth
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbite…
A less than average tide occurring at the first and third qua…
When the tidal range is greatest. (full moon and new moon)
Perigee
point in an orbit that is closest to the earth
Apogee
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbite…
30 terms
Unit 4 Earth Environmental Science - Meteorology
Summer Solstice
Winter Solstice
Autumnal Equinox
Spring Equinox
June 21, ... Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest…
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
The day of the year that marks the beginning of fall in the N…
March 20th or 21st in the Northern Hemisphere, when both hemi…
Summer Solstice
June 21, ... Day with the most hours of sunlight and the fewest…
Winter Solstice
Earth's position near or on December 21, at which the norther…
55 terms
Earth & Environmental Science: ETT
Adaptations
Support Against Gravity - Land plants
Support Against Gravity - Arthropods
Support Against Gravity - Amphibians
- Support against gravity... - Water Balance​... - Reproduce... - Gas…
- Roots... - Turgidity(water pressure)... - Wood(resin filled xylem)
Strong EXOSKELETON of chitin with jointed legs for mobility
Strong ENDOSKELETON with legs for mobility
Adaptations
- Support against gravity... - Water Balance​... - Reproduce... - Gas…
Support Against Gravity - Land plants
- Roots... - Turgidity(water pressure)... - Wood(resin filled xylem)
15 terms
earth and environmental science
Earth Science
Geology
Oceanography
Biosphere
Any sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that dea…
The science that deals with the dynamics and physical history…
The study of the ocean
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Earth Science
Any sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that dea…
Geology
The science that deals with the dynamics and physical history…
80 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Vocabulary
Abiotic Factor
Agriculture/Aquaculture
Air Mass
Air Pressure
A non-living thing that influences or affects an ecosystem
The production and/or farming of crops, livestock, seafood, e…
An immense body of air that is characterized by similar tempe…
The force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
Abiotic Factor
A non-living thing that influences or affects an ecosystem
Agriculture/Aquaculture
The production and/or farming of crops, livestock, seafood, e…
66 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Vocabulary
Dike
Epicenter
Exfoliation
Fault
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma forces itself acros…
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
Extreme high temperatures cause the outer rock layer to be st…
A crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement…
Dike
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma forces itself acros…
Epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus
44 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms: Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Basin
Geosphere
Layer of gases surrounding a planet
The water on the earth's surface
A natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
The solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Atmosphere
Layer of gases surrounding a planet
Hydrosphere
The water on the earth's surface
166 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
30 terms
Earth/Environmental Science Introduction Vocab
science
Earth science
geology
meteorology
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
The science that focuses on planet Earth and its place in the…
The study of the physical nature, structure, and history of t…
The science dealing with the atmospheric conditions that prod…
science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Earth science
The science that focuses on planet Earth and its place in the…
23 terms
Earth and Environmental Science terms
Igneous
Melting and Cooling
Intrusive Igneous
Extrusive Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
magma that solidifies while still inside of the Earth's crust…
when magma explodes or flows to the surface of the earth and…
Igneous
having solidified from lava or magma
Melting and Cooling
the process that turns any rock into magma or to become less…
99 terms
Earth & Environmental Science - Hydrosphere
Oceanography
Bathymetry
4 Major Ocean Basins
Sonar
Study of Earth's oceans
(Bathos = Depth, Metry = Measurement) The measurement of ocea…
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic
Sound Navigation and Ranging; ... A device that determines the d…
Oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans
Bathymetry
(Bathos = Depth, Metry = Measurement) The measurement of ocea…
8 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Maps
Mercator Map
Robinson Map
Gnomic Map
Interrupted Map
shows directions accurately; sizes and distances are distorted
shows nearly the correct size and shape of most land areas ho…
Accurately shows the shortest distance between two points; di…
looks like an orange peel (unrolls the earth); advantage: sho…
Mercator Map
shows directions accurately; sizes and distances are distorted
Robinson Map
shows nearly the correct size and shape of most land areas ho…
18 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: Water
Salt water
Fresh water
Ice
liquid water
96% of all water
4% of all water
3% of fresh water
1% of all fresh water
Salt water
96% of all water
Fresh water
4% of all water
42 terms
Hydrosphere - Earth/Environmental Science
Conveyor Belt
Salinity
Density Currents
Vertical Currents
The measured amount of dissolved salt in a liquid.
movement of ocean water that occurs in depths too great to be…
Deep Currents, Caused by difference in density. Altured by te…
Conveyor Belt
Salinity
The measured amount of dissolved salt in a liquid.
16 terms
Introduction to Earth/Environmental Science
Meterology
Geology
Unit: measures length
Hypothesis
study of the atmosphere (weather and climate)
study of the Earth (volcanoes, earthquakes)
meters
an educated guess
Meterology
study of the atmosphere (weather and climate)
Geology
study of the Earth (volcanoes, earthquakes)
28 terms
Earth/Environmental Science - Astronomy
Universe
Galaxy
Rotation
Revolution
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
The process of turning or circling around something. Ex: The…
Movement of one object around a center or another object. Ex:…
Universe
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
Galaxy
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
16 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms: Soil
Soil
Soil profile
Soil (texture) triangle
Soil horizon
A mix of organic material, to which plant life grows
A section of the soil from the surface down to where the soil…
A chart that gives names to match different of sand, silt, an…
A soil horizon is a layer generally lined up with the soil su…
Soil
A mix of organic material, to which plant life grows
Soil profile
A section of the soil from the surface down to where the soil…
45 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Review
Earth
Geosphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
made up of rock, air, water and living things that all intera…
The solid part of Earth that consists of rock as well as the…
A mixture of gases that makes up the air we breathe.
All of the water on or near Earth's surface mostly consisting…
Earth
made up of rock, air, water and living things that all intera…
Geosphere
The solid part of Earth that consists of rock as well as the…
18 terms
earth environmental science fronts
water vapor
isotherms
cold front
warm front
water produce by evaporation
a curve on a diagram joining points representing states or co…
a gust of cold wind
a gust of warm wind
water vapor
water produce by evaporation
isotherms
a curve on a diagram joining points representing states or co…
260 terms
Final Earth/Environmental Science
solar system
galaxy
universe
precession
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
all matter and energy that exists in space
a slow motion of Earth's axis that traces out a cone over a p…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
10 terms
Earth and environmental science
inductive reasoning
deductive reasoning
independent variable
dependent variable
'bottom up' approach move from a set of specific observations…
top down approach-flows from general to specific
is the one that is changed by the scientist
is observed to see how it responds to the change made to the…
inductive reasoning
'bottom up' approach move from a set of specific observations…
deductive reasoning
top down approach-flows from general to specific
134 terms
AP Environmental Science (The Earth)
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Procaryotes
Eucaryotes
When did Earth form?
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus and other structures…
4.6 billion years ago
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Procaryotes
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
78 terms
Environmental Earth Science Midterm
variable
conclusion
experimental group
experiment
something that is changed in an experiment
a judgement or decision reached by reason
the group that is tested in an experiment
scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a h…
variable
something that is changed in an experiment
conclusion
a judgement or decision reached by reason
134 terms
AP Environmental Science (The Earth)
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Procaryotes
Eucaryotes
When did Earth form?
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus and other structures…
4.6 billion years ago
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Procaryotes
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
Earth and Environmental Science MSL
Pros of coal
Cons of coal
Pros of natural gas
Cons of natural gas
Generates electricity, steel production, heat
Carbon dioxide emissions, big oil rigs, non-renewable, expens…
Inexpensive, clean, no waste, better for cooking and fuel
Short-term, fracking earthquakes, requires water
Pros of coal
Generates electricity, steel production, heat
Cons of coal
Carbon dioxide emissions, big oil rigs, non-renewable, expens…
28 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Process of water evaporating from Plants
Significance /Benefits of Transpiration
What man made chemical destroys earth…
Where does Chlorofluorocarbons come fr…
Transpiration
1. Increase precipitation- ( without rain we have droughts)…
CFC'S
1. aerosols... 2. solvent ... 3. anti-freeze
Process of water evaporating from Plants
Transpiration
Significance /Benefits of Transpiration
1. Increase precipitation- ( without rain we have droughts)…
19 terms
The Dynamic Earth Environmental Science
biosphere
Hydrosphere
Geosphere
Three layers of the earth
The part of Earth where life exists
makes up all the water on or near the Earth's sister
the mostly solid rocky part of the Earth
-crust... -mantle... -core
biosphere
The part of Earth where life exists
Hydrosphere
makes up all the water on or near the Earth's sister
51 terms
Earth and Environmental Science - Water
Precipitation
evaporation
condensation
transpiration
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
Gas to Liquid; gas gets colder and changes back to liquid , f…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of puri…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
evaporation
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Earth Systems
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
21 terms
Earth's Environmental Science
Matter
Atoms
Element
Nucleus
all material in the universe that has mass and occupies space.
The basic units of matter
a chemical substance with a given set of properties that cann…
Central core containing particles called protons and neutrons.
Matter
all material in the universe that has mass and occupies space.
Atoms
The basic units of matter
42 terms
Earth Environmental Science Final
What is the difference between accurac…
If a plant is measured to be 22.3 cm a…
Explain the difference between an obse…
Explain what is meant when two variabl…
Accuracy- How close the measurements are to the value... Precisi…
Precise because they are close to each other
observation- info gathered with your senses... inference- conclu…
inversely- one variable increases the other decreases... directl…
What is the difference between accurac…
Accuracy- How close the measurements are to the value... Precisi…
If a plant is measured to be 22.3 cm a…
Precise because they are close to each other
25 terms
Earth & Environmental Science
Weathering
Erosion
Mass Wasting
Mass Movement
wear away or change the appearance by long exposure to the air
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or oth…
is the geomorphic process by which soil, sand, regolith, and…
is movements of masses of bodies of soil, bed rock, rock debr…
Weathering
wear away or change the appearance by long exposure to the air
Erosion
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or oth…
14 terms
Earth Environmental Science Unit 2 Set 6
Stress
Strain
Orogensis
Earthquake
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
deformation of materials in response to stress
Formation of the fold mountain
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Strain
deformation of materials in response to stress
15 terms
Earth and Environmental science
Orbit
Rotation
Revolution
Perihelion
the path that an object follows as it travels around another…
Earths circular movement around its axis
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
close to earth
Orbit
the path that an object follows as it travels around another…
Rotation
Earths circular movement around its axis
13 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Terms
fossil fuels
renewable resource
non-renewable resource
nuclear fission
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome u…
A resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced…
a nuclear reaction in which a heavy nucleus splits spontaneou…
fossil fuels
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
renewable resource
an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome u…
79 terms
AP Environmental Science - Earth Systems
salination
phytoremediation
bioremediation
anticline
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of bacteria eating of c…
an upward fold in the rock profile
salination
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
phytoremediation
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
36 terms
Earth & Environmental Science Terms: Fuels
Coal
Fossil Fuels
Hydroeletric
Geothermal Energy
A black or dark brown rock that consists of plants matter, an…
A natural type of fuel, formed by remains of living organisims
The creation of power using flowing water
Thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
Coal
A black or dark brown rock that consists of plants matter, an…
Fossil Fuels
A natural type of fuel, formed by remains of living organisims
23 terms
Systems in Environmental Science & Earth's spheres
feedback loop
erosion
geosphere
lithosphere
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
feedback loop
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
5 terms
Earth Environmental Science Unit 1 Set 4
Seasons
Tilted axis
Solstice
Equinox
Earth's tilt in combination with its orbit around the Sun cau…
causes earth to have seasons
The two days of the year on which the sun reaches its greates…
The two days of the year on which neither hemisphere is tilte…
Seasons
Earth's tilt in combination with its orbit around the Sun cau…
Tilted axis
causes earth to have seasons
Stems Earth/Environmental Science
a/n
a
ab/s, a
ac, dc
not, without
on
from, away, off
to, toward, near
a/n
not, without
a
on
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