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Study sets matching "environmental systems chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "environmental systems chapter 7"

56 terms
APES Chapter 7 - Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative feedback
Positive feedback
Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells.
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
A mechanism of response in which a stimulus initiates reactio…
Feedback that tends to magnify a process or increase its outp…
Hypoxia
Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells.
Feedback Loop
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
27 terms
Chapter 7 Environmental Systems
Convergent Evolution
Habitat
niche
Competitive exclusion principle
evolution of similar characteristics in unrelated species due…
Geographical locations and environmental conditions where a p…
totality of a species' environmental requirments
no two species can share the same exact niche indefinitely un…
Convergent Evolution
evolution of similar characteristics in unrelated species due…
Habitat
Geographical locations and environmental conditions where a p…
36 terms
Environmental Systems - Chapter 7
Arguments Against Global Warming
Greenhouse Effect
6 greenhouse gases
Average wavelength of sunlight hitting…
1- The Earth Isn't really warming... 2- It's warming, but humans…
Greenhouse Gases (GHG) in atmosphere reduce radiative heat lo…
1- H2O (water vapor)... 2- CO2 (carbon dioxide) ... 3- CH4 (methane…
Incoming - 70-75%... Leaving - 15-30%
Arguments Against Global Warming
1- The Earth Isn't really warming... 2- It's warming, but humans…
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases (GHG) in atmosphere reduce radiative heat lo…
12 terms
Environmental Systems Chapter 7
Salt Marsh
Estuary
Coral Reef
Mangrove swamp
a maritime habitat characterized by grasses sedges, and other…
an area where fresh water from rivers mixes with salt water f…
a limestone ridfge found in tropical climates and composed of…
a tropical or subtropical marine swamp that is characterized…
Salt Marsh
a maritime habitat characterized by grasses sedges, and other…
Estuary
an area where fresh water from rivers mixes with salt water f…
9 terms
Environmental Value Systems (chapter 7)
Environmental Value System (EVS)
EVS inputs
EVS outputs
Ecocentrism (nature centered)
a particular worldview set of paradigms that shapes the way a…
education, cultural influences, religious texts and doctrine,…
perspectives, decisions on how to act regarding environmental…
distrust modern large-scale technology; they prefer to work w…
Environmental Value System (EVS)
a particular worldview set of paradigms that shapes the way a…
EVS inputs
education, cultural influences, religious texts and doctrine,…
110 terms
APES Chapter 7 Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
hypoxia
system
feedback loop
negative feedback loop
low concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the bottom waters o…
network of relationships among parts elements or components t…
system's output can serve as input to that same system, a cir…
output that results from a system moving in one direction act…
hypoxia
low concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the bottom waters o…
system
network of relationships among parts elements or components t…
41 terms
Environmental Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Dead Zone
Hypoxia
System
Feedback loop
A region of water so depleted of oxygen that kills or drives…
Low concentration of dissolved oxygen water caused by fertili…
A network of relationships among parts, elements, or componen…
Systems output serves as input to that same system, circular…
Dead Zone
A region of water so depleted of oxygen that kills or drives…
Hypoxia
Low concentration of dissolved oxygen water caused by fertili…
18 terms
Chapter 7: Environmental Value Systems
Environmental value systems
Paradigms
Ecocentrism
Anthropocentrism
A particular worldview / paradigm that shapes the way an indi…
Hypothesis/worldview - particular ideas of an issue or concept
- Nature-centred, distrusting of modern technology and materi…
-Include both techno/ecocentric viewpoints... -Human-centred... -Vi…
Environmental value systems
A particular worldview / paradigm that shapes the way an indi…
Paradigms
Hypothesis/worldview - particular ideas of an issue or concept
9 terms
Environmental Value Systems (chapter 7)
Environmental Value System (EVS)
EVS inputs
EVS outputs
Ecocentrism (nature centered)
a particular worldview set of paradigms that shapes the way a…
education, cultural influences, religious texts and doctrine,…
perspectives, decisions on how to act regarding environmental…
distrust modern large-scale technology; they prefer to work w…
Environmental Value System (EVS)
a particular worldview set of paradigms that shapes the way a…
EVS inputs
education, cultural influences, religious texts and doctrine,…
13 terms
Environmental Systems and Societies Chapter 7
greenhouse gas
GHG
greenhouse gas emissions
enhanced greenhouse effect
carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, chlorofluorocarbons, ni…
Green House Gas
a gas in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation with…
exaggerated or enhanced greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, chlorofluorocarbons, ni…
GHG
Green House Gas
57 terms
Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Aquifier
Atmosphere
Biogeochemical Cycles
Biomass
a rock layer that stores and allows the flow of ground water
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other form…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
Aquifier
a rock layer that stores and allows the flow of ground water
Atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
57 terms
Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Aquifer
Atmosphere
Biogeochemical cycles
Biomass
A body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other form…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
Aquifer
A body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows…
Atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
27 terms
APES Chapter 7 - Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Sedimentary rock
Carbon dioxide
Reservoir
Rock cycle
Rocks formed from sediment derived not only from rock fragmen…
Gas that is a reactant of photosynthesis and a waste product…
A lake that stores water for human use.
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Sedimentary rock
Rocks formed from sediment derived not only from rock fragmen…
Carbon dioxide
Gas that is a reactant of photosynthesis and a waste product…
56 terms
APES Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
hypoxia
system
feedback loop
negative feedback loop
low concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the bottom waters
a network of relationships among parts or elements, that inte…
when a system's output can serve as input to that same system…
output that results from a system moving in one direction act…
hypoxia
low concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the bottom waters
system
a network of relationships among parts or elements, that inte…
41 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative Feedback Loop
Positive Feedback Loop
Body/region that is deprived of oxygen; nit sustainable
A system's output can serve as input to the same system.
Output of a system that moves in one direction acts as input…
Drives the system to the extremes.
Hypoxia
Body/region that is deprived of oxygen; nit sustainable
Feedback Loop
A system's output can serve as input to the same system.
56 terms
Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Aquifer
Atmosphere
Biogeochemical cycles
Biomass
an underground water reservoir
The thin layer of gases surrounding planet earth.
(Not in glossary)
Organic material that makes up living organisms
Aquifer
an underground water reservoir
Atmosphere
The thin layer of gases surrounding planet earth.
17 terms
Enviro chapter 7 environmental value systems
Authoritarian
Paradigms
Ecocentrism
Ecosystems (nature system)
Communist or fascists regime e.g china, North korea
Basic set of beliefs that are behind something
Holistic world view: minimum disturbance of natural processes…
A community of living and non-living things that work togethrr
Authoritarian
Communist or fascists regime e.g china, North korea
Paradigms
Basic set of beliefs that are behind something
37 terms
Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology (Chapter 7)
system
negative feedback loop
positive feedback
dynamic equilibrium
network of relationships among parts, elements, or components…
output that results from one system moving in one direction a…
opposite effect of negative feedback. does not stabilize - dr…
processes move in opposing directions at equivalent rates - e…
system
network of relationships among parts, elements, or components…
negative feedback loop
output that results from one system moving in one direction a…
14 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
biodiversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
ecosystem diversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
Number of different species in the biosphere
The range of genetic material present in a gene pool or popul…
variety of habitats, living communities, and ecological proce…
biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. I…
species diversity
Number of different species in the biosphere
24 terms
Environmental - Chapter 7 Aquatic Biomes
Salinity
Wetland
Plankton
Phytoplankton
the amount of dissolved salts the water contains
area where land is periodically under water
organisms that can not swim against currents
the food base for most aquatic ecosystems
Salinity
the amount of dissolved salts the water contains
Wetland
area where land is periodically under water
56 terms
Chapter 7 - Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative feedback
Positive feedback
Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells.
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
A mechanism of response in which a stimulus initiates reactio…
Feedback that tends to magnify a process or increase its outp…
Hypoxia
Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells.
Feedback Loop
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
56 terms
Chapter 7 - Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative feedback
Positive feedback
Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells.
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
A mechanism of response in which a stimulus initiates reactio…
Feedback that tends to magnify a process or increase its outp…
Hypoxia
Deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells.
Feedback Loop
Occurs when an output of matter, energy, or information is fe…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 7: Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative Feedback Loop
Positive Feedback Loop
Body/region that is deprived of oxygen; nit sustainable
A system's output can serve as input to the same system.
Output of a system that moves in one direction acts as input…
Drives the system to the extremes.
Hypoxia
Body/region that is deprived of oxygen; nit sustainable
Feedback Loop
A system's output can serve as input to the same system.
12 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
Wetland
Plankton
Nekton
Benthos
An area of land that is periodically underwater or whose soil…
The mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift…
All organisms that swim actively in open water, independent o…
Organisms that live at the bottom of oceans or bodies of fres…
Wetland
An area of land that is periodically underwater or whose soil…
Plankton
The mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift…
35 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
Aquaculture
Biofuels
Biotechnology
Norman Borlaug
Raising marine and freshwater fish in ponds and underwater ca…
Fuels, such as ethanol or methanol, that are created from the…
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
helped to develop the high-yield, low-pesticide dwarf wheat u…
Aquaculture
Raising marine and freshwater fish in ponds and underwater ca…
Biofuels
Fuels, such as ethanol or methanol, that are created from the…
29 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
hierarchy of taxonomic groups (smalles…
genetic diversity
species richness
ecotourism
subspecies; species; genus; family
thicker coats on a species living in a colder climate than th…
the easiest component of biodiversity to measure
the most direct way in which biodiversity can provide a sourc…
hierarchy of taxonomic groups (smalles…
subspecies; species; genus; family
genetic diversity
thicker coats on a species living in a colder climate than th…
24 terms
Environmental - Chapter 7 Aquatic Biomes
Salinity
Wetland
Plankton
Phytoplankton
the amount of dissolved salts the water contains
area where land is periodically under water
organisms that can not swim against currents
the food base for most aquatic ecosystems
Salinity
the amount of dissolved salts the water contains
Wetland
area where land is periodically under water
12 terms
Environmental Chapter 7 vocabulary
fracking
policy
environmental policy
tragedy of the commons
hydraulic fracturing-using pressurized fluid to create fractu…
a formal set of general plans and principles intended to addr…
Laws, rules, and regulations related to an environmental prob…
situation in which people acting individually and in their ow…
fracking
hydraulic fracturing-using pressurized fluid to create fractu…
policy
a formal set of general plans and principles intended to addr…
17 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
I=PAT
Demography
Crude Birth Rate
Total Fertility Rate
Our environment Impacts are the the product of our Population…
Encompasses vital statistics about people such as births, dea…
The number of births in a year per thousand.
The number of children to an average woman in a population du…
I=PAT
Our environment Impacts are the the product of our Population…
Demography
Encompasses vital statistics about people such as births, dea…
28 terms
AP Environmental Chapter 7
Demography
Immigration
Emigration
Net migration rate
the study of human populations and population trends
the movement of people into a country
the movement of people out of a country
the difference between immigration and emigration in a given…
Demography
the study of human populations and population trends
Immigration
the movement of people into a country
40 terms
Chapter 7 Environmental Policy
watershed
policy
Environmental policy
Tragedy of the Commons
consists of all the land from which water drains into the water
a formal set of general plans and principles intended to addr…
policy that pertains to human interactions with the environme…
policy to protect resources used and used in everyday things…
watershed
consists of all the land from which water drains into the water
policy
a formal set of general plans and principles intended to addr…
15 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
wetland
plankton
nekton
benthos
A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
Tiny algae and animals that float in water and are carried by…
actively swimming organisms such as fish, whales, and squid
organisms that live attached to or near the ocean floor; bott…
wetland
A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water dur…
plankton
Tiny algae and animals that float in water and are carried by…
14 terms
chapter 7 environmental
biodiversity
biodiversity hotspot
Captive breeding
ecosystem diversity
The variety of organisms in an area, by species, genes, popul…
An area that supports a large number of native species
The process of breeding and raising organisms under controlle…
The number and variety of ecosystems within a particular area.
biodiversity
The variety of organisms in an area, by species, genes, popul…
biodiversity hotspot
An area that supports a large number of native species
28 terms
AP Environmental Chapter 7
Demography
Immigration
Emigration
Net migration rate
the study of human populations and population trends
the movement of people into a country
the movement of people out of a country
the difference between immigration and emigration in a given…
Demography
the study of human populations and population trends
Immigration
the movement of people into a country
12 terms
Chapter 7 Environmental Legislation
CAA
ESA
SDWA
CWA
Because industry and auto pollution was negatively impacting…
Habitat loss had driven a number of species extinct and was t…
Authorized the EPA in 1974 to set quality standards for tap w…
1977 law regulates discharge of wastes, especially from indus…
CAA
Because industry and auto pollution was negatively impacting…
ESA
Habitat loss had driven a number of species extinct and was t…
17 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
salt marsh
corals
benthic zone
dams
marine ecosystem dominated by marsh grasses
use stinging tentacles to capture prey
bottom of a pond or lake
threat to river ecosystems
salt marsh
marine ecosystem dominated by marsh grasses
corals
use stinging tentacles to capture prey
10 terms
Environmental Biology chapter 7
Biome
Three Climatic Zones
Continental Climate
Maritime Climate
The total complex of biotic communities occupying and charact…
Tropical, Temperate, Polar
-Daily/seasonal temperatures vary widely ... -In the interior, f…
-Less variation in temperature... -Near oceans or large lakes
Biome
The total complex of biotic communities occupying and charact…
Three Climatic Zones
Tropical, Temperate, Polar
38 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
At what number do scientists think pop…
Thomas Malthus said
Other Scientists say
Demography
7-10.5 billion
food supply will limit population size
there is no fixed carrying capacity b/c of innovations
the study of human populations and population trends
At what number do scientists think pop…
7-10.5 billion
Thomas Malthus said
food supply will limit population size
33 terms
Environmental: Chapter 7
aquatic ecosystems are usually determi…
organisms are grouped by location
phytoplankton
zooplankton
snot... salinity, nutrients, oxygen, temperature, sunlight
plankton surface floating/ drifting
floating algae
microscopic animals that swim or drift near the surface of aq…
aquatic ecosystems are usually determi…
snot... salinity, nutrients, oxygen, temperature, sunlight
organisms are grouped by location
plankton surface floating/ drifting
12 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 7
wetland
plankton
nekton
benthos
an area of land that is periodically underwater or whose soil…
the organisms that float near the surface of the water
free-swimming organisms
bottom-dwelling organisms
wetland
an area of land that is periodically underwater or whose soil…
plankton
the organisms that float near the surface of the water
Chapter 7 Vocabulary: Environmental Policy
Environmental impact statement
Environmental policy
Environmental protection agency
Hydraulic fracturing
A report of results from detailed studies that assess the pot…
Public policy that pertains to our human interactions with ou…
An administrative agency charged with conducting and evaluati…
A process to extract shale gas, in which a drill is sent deep…
Environmental impact statement
A report of results from detailed studies that assess the pot…
Environmental policy
Public policy that pertains to our human interactions with ou…
94 terms
Environmental Studies - LAND USES (Chapter 7)
USE OF LAND... Globally, humans use an es…
The remaining land (33%) consists of d…
In the Caribbean, the main land uses h…
Consumption
Earth's land, cultivate food
tundra, unsuitable
consumption, production and conservation
land that is used to generate Goods and Services e.g. Housing…
USE OF LAND... Globally, humans use an es…
Earth's land, cultivate food
The remaining land (33%) consists of d…
tundra, unsuitable
29 terms
Environmental: Chapter 7
biome
terrestrial biomes
Biomes and Vegetation
Climate
- large climax community... - special temperature... - precipitatio…
- Tropical Rainforest... - Temperate forest... - Taiga... - Tropical s…
- abiotic conditions determine plants... - plants determine oth…
- average weather conditions over a long period of time... - te…
biome
- large climax community... - special temperature... - precipitatio…
terrestrial biomes
- Tropical Rainforest... - Temperate forest... - Taiga... - Tropical s…
43 terms
Environmental Chapter 7
Body Mass Index
Endemic Disease
Emerging Diseases
Reemerging Diseases
Use by health professionals to determine if a person is under…
A disease that is constantly present, although often varying…
Infection diseases that were not previously found in humans;…
Infectious diseases that have existed in the past but for a v…
Body Mass Index
Use by health professionals to determine if a person is under…
Endemic Disease
A disease that is constantly present, although often varying…
28 terms
Environmental Science AP Chapter 7
demography
demographer
immigration
emigration
study of human populations and population trends; they look a…
a scientist in the field of demography
the movement of people into a country or region, from another…
the movement of people out of a country or region.
demography
study of human populations and population trends; they look a…
demographer
a scientist in the field of demography
48 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 7
life expectancy and infant mortality
infant mortality rate
high, low
highly developed countries
these two factors have to do with level of development in a c…
statistic to measue how many children die before the age of one
low developed countries have a ---------- infant mortality ra…
good sanitation... few childhood diseases... men = 75 years... women =…
life expectancy and infant mortality
these two factors have to do with level of development in a c…
infant mortality rate
statistic to measue how many children die before the age of one
22 terms
Environmental Economics - Chapter 7
Incremental benefits
Type of incremental benefits
Primary environmental benefits
Secondary environmental benefits
the reduction in health, ecological, and property damages ass…
Primary environmental benefits... Secondary environmental benefits
Damage reducing effects that are a direct consequence of impl…
indirect gains to society that may rise from a stimulative ef…
Incremental benefits
the reduction in health, ecological, and property damages ass…
Type of incremental benefits
Primary environmental benefits... Secondary environmental benefits
53 terms
AP Environmental Science- Chapter 7
total fertility rate
introduced species
underdeveloped country
GDP (gross domestic product)
The average number of children born to a woman in a her lifet…
a species living outside of its native range, as a result of…
a country with a low industrial base (low GDP)
the money's worth of goods and services produced in a country
total fertility rate
The average number of children born to a woman in a her lifet…
introduced species
a species living outside of its native range, as a result of…
58 terms
Chapter 7: Sensory Systems
Aqueous Humor
Vitreous Humor
Choroid
Ciliary Body
the watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambe…
the watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambe…
the middle layer of the wall of the eye
the structure between the choroid and the iris that anchors t…
Aqueous Humor
the watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambe…
Vitreous Humor
the watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambe…
21 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 7
Demography
demographers
emigration
crude birth rate (CBR)
the study of human populations and population trends
a scientist in the field of demography
the movement of people out of a country or region, to settle…
the number of births per year per 1,000 individuals per year
Demography
the study of human populations and population trends
demographers
a scientist in the field of demography
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