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Study sets matching "environmental systems topic 5"

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Study sets matching "environmental systems topic 5"

41 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 5: Pollution
What is the definition of pollution
What is point source pollution?
What is non-point source pollution?
What are the major sources of pollutan…
Pollution is the addition of any substance or form of energy…
Also known as incidental pollution, point source pollution ca…
Non-point source pollution, also referred to as sustained pol…
Combustion of fossil fuels, domestic and industrial wast, man…
What is the definition of pollution
Pollution is the addition of any substance or form of energy…
What is point source pollution?
Also known as incidental pollution, point source pollution ca…
24 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 2.5
Producers
Consumers
Decomposers
Inputs of Photosynthesis
The organisms which produce biomass that supports all the con…
Cannot make their own food and must feed on other organisms t…
Break down dead organic material to provide the nutrients the…
- Carbon Dioxide... - Water... - Certain wavelengths of visible light
Producers
The organisms which produce biomass that supports all the con…
Consumers
Cannot make their own food and must feed on other organisms t…
27 terms
Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 5 Study Guide
Pollution
Point source pollution
Non-point source pollution
Combustion of fossil fuels, Domestic W…
The addition to the biosphere of a substance or agent, by hum…
is the release of pollutants from a single clearly identifiab…
is the release of pollutants from numerous, widely dispersed…
Major Sources of pollution
Pollution
The addition to the biosphere of a substance or agent, by hum…
Point source pollution
is the release of pollutants from a single clearly identifiab…
9 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 5.6
Thermal stratification
Temperature lapse
Temperature inversion
Isothermal layer
Dividing the atmosphere into a number of layers in terms of t…
A decline in temperature with altitude
An increase in temperature with altitude
When there is no change in temperature with altitude for a si…
Thermal stratification
Dividing the atmosphere into a number of layers in terms of t…
Temperature lapse
A decline in temperature with altitude
10 terms
Topic 2 - Environmental Systems
matter
energy
open system
closed system
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to do work
A system in which matter can enter from or escape to the surr…
A system in which no matter is allowed to enter or leave
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
energy
Ability to do work
16 terms
Category 5- Environmental Systems
Mutualism
Parasitism
Commensalism
Predation
Both organisms benefit; +/+ Ex: flower and the bee
One organism benefits, the other/host is harmed +/- Ex: Tick…
one organism benefits and the other is neutral/unaffected +/0…
Predator hunts and kills and prey for food
Mutualism
Both organisms benefit; +/+ Ex: flower and the bee
Parasitism
One organism benefits, the other/host is harmed +/- Ex: Tick…
39 terms
IB Environmental Systems & Societies: Topic 5 Pollution Management
Pollution
Non point source pollution
Point source pollution
Major sources of pollutants (5)
The addition to an environment of a substance or an agent by…
Release of pollutants from numerous or widely dispersed origins
Release of pollutants from a single identifiable source
Fossil fuel combustion, industrial waste, domestic waste, man…
Pollution
The addition to an environment of a substance or an agent by…
Non point source pollution
Release of pollutants from numerous or widely dispersed origins
48 terms
IB Environmental Systems Topic 5: Soil Systems and Society
Porosity
Permeability
Clay soils
Sandy soils
the space between the particles.
the ease at which gases and liquids can pass through the soil.
high porosity, low permeability, high nutrients, but inaccess…
High porosity, high permeability
Porosity
the space between the particles.
Permeability
the ease at which gases and liquids can pass through the soil.
33 terms
Topic 1: Environmental Value Systems
Environmental Value System (EVs)
Ecocentric
Anthropocentric
Deep ecologist
a worldview or paradigm that shapes the way an individual, or…
Ecology and nature is central to humanity, Less materialistic…
Humans must sustainably manage the global system. Through: ta…
More value on nature than humanity... - All species and the ecos…
Environmental Value System (EVs)
a worldview or paradigm that shapes the way an individual, or…
Ecocentric
Ecology and nature is central to humanity, Less materialistic…
Environmental Systems and Societies (Topic 1)
Systems
Closed system
Open System
Isolated System
An assemblage of parts and the relationship between them
Energy in and Energy out, but no matter, is extanged with its…
Both matter and energy is exchanged to its surroundings
No exchange of energy or matter (Does not exists)
Systems
An assemblage of parts and the relationship between them
Closed system
Energy in and Energy out, but no matter, is extanged with its…
39 terms
IB Environmental Systems & Societies: Topic 5 Pollution Management
Pollution
Non point source pollution
Point source pollution
Major sources of pollutants (5)
The addition to an environment of a substance or an agent by…
Release of pollutants from numerous or widely dispersed origins
Release of pollutants from a single identifiable source
Fossil fuel combustion, industrial waste, domestic waste, man…
Pollution
The addition to an environment of a substance or an agent by…
Non point source pollution
Release of pollutants from numerous or widely dispersed origins
13 terms
Environmental Systems - Topic 6
What is the greenhouse effect?
An example of short wave radiation
An example of long wave radiation
Relationship between greenhouse gases…
The greenhouse effect is a normal process, which is necessary…
visible light
infrared or heat
greenhouse gases allow in-coming short wave radiation to pass…
What is the greenhouse effect?
The greenhouse effect is a normal process, which is necessary…
An example of short wave radiation
visible light
15 terms
Topic 2 - Environmental Systems
What's the difference between biotic a…
Define Detritivores
What is a food web?
Define Trophic Level
Biotic - Living ; Abiotic - Non-living
Consumers get their food from waste or decomposing matter
Complex network of interrelated food chains
Position of an organism within a community
What's the difference between biotic a…
Biotic - Living ; Abiotic - Non-living
Define Detritivores
Consumers get their food from waste or decomposing matter
20 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 2.5-2.7
Biodiversity
Biome
Competition
Abiotic Factors
The number and abundance of all species on earth per unit are…
A collection of ecosystems that share a similar climactic con…
The biotic relationship between two or more organisms that de…
Non-living, physio-chemical factors that influence an organis…
Biodiversity
The number and abundance of all species on earth per unit are…
Biome
A collection of ecosystems that share a similar climactic con…
14 terms
Environmental Value Systems- Topic 7
Environmental Value System
Deep Ecology Worldview
Industrial Revolution
Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
EVS is a particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes…
An understanding of our place in the world based on harmony w…
Began in the early 1800's. Mass production of goods and servi…
The sustainable management of local food, water, fuel. People…
Environmental Value System
EVS is a particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes…
Deep Ecology Worldview
An understanding of our place in the world based on harmony w…
33 terms
Environmental Topic 5
Pollution
Point Source Pollution
Non-Point Source Pollution
Major Sources of Pollution
the addition to the biosphere of a substance or agent, by hum…
the release of pollutants from a single clearly identifiable…
the release of pollutants from numerous, widely dispersed ori…
• Combustion of fossil fuels... • Domestic waste... • Industrial wa…
Pollution
the addition to the biosphere of a substance or agent, by hum…
Point Source Pollution
the release of pollutants from a single clearly identifiable…
12 terms
Environmental Systems Week 5
Ecology
Biotic factor
Abiotic factor
Producer
the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
is any living component that affects the population of anothe…
a nonliving condition or thing, as climate or habitat that in…
Producers are organisms that make their own food; they are al…
Ecology
the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Biotic factor
is any living component that affects the population of anothe…
10 terms
Environmental Science - Topic 5 (Evolution)
evolution
theory
fossil record
geologic time
the process by which species have changed over time
the explanation, supported by many observations and/or experi…
a collection of fossils used to represent Earth's history
Earth's history as revealed by layers of rock
evolution
the process by which species have changed over time
theory
the explanation, supported by many observations and/or experi…
63 terms
Environmental Topic 5
Pollution
Point source pollution
Non point source pollution
Major sources of pollution
substances or energy produced by human activity that has a de…
The release of pollutants from a single, clearly identifiable…
The release of pollutants from numerous, widely dispersed ori…
Agriculture- fertiliser- run off causes eutrophication... Domest…
Pollution
substances or energy produced by human activity that has a de…
Point source pollution
The release of pollutants from a single, clearly identifiable…
19 terms
Topic 7: Environmental Value Systems
Environmental value system (EVS)
Systems
Ecocentrist (Nature centered)
Anthropocentrist (people centered)
A particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes the wa…
Like all _______, an EVS has inputs (Education, Cultural Infl…
Worldview sees nature as having inherent value. Lean towards…
Worldview spans the EVS and includes both eco and techno cent…
Environmental value system (EVS)
A particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes the wa…
Systems
Like all _______, an EVS has inputs (Education, Cultural Infl…
9 terms
Topic 7: Environmental Value Systems
environmental value system (EVS)
ecocentrism
deep ecologists
Anthropocentrism
particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes the way…
(nature centered), holistic world view, minimum disturbance o…
ecocentric viewpoint, believe intrinsic importance of nature…
(people centered), people are environmental manager of sustai…
environmental value system (EVS)
particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes the way…
ecocentrism
(nature centered), holistic world view, minimum disturbance o…
Topic 7: Environmental Value Systems
Environmental value system
Ecocentrism
Anthropocentrism
Technocentrism
...
...
...
...
Environmental value system
...
Ecocentrism
...
14 terms
Environmental Value Systems- Topic 7
Environmental Value System
Deep Ecology Worldview
Industrial Revolution
Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
EVS is a particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes…
An understanding of our place in the world based on harmony w…
Began in the early 1800's. Mass production of goods and servi…
The sustainable management of local food, water, fuel. People…
Environmental Value System
EVS is a particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes…
Deep Ecology Worldview
An understanding of our place in the world based on harmony w…
13 terms
Topic 7 - Environmental Value Systems
Ozone
Photochemical smog
VOCs
Environmental Value System
a colourless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odour and powe…
haze in the atmosphere accompanied by high levels of ozone an…
volatile organic compounds (e.g methane alcohol) are able to…
a particular set of worldview that shapes the way an individu…
Ozone
a colourless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odour and powe…
Photochemical smog
haze in the atmosphere accompanied by high levels of ozone an…
Topic 7 - Environmental value systems
Technocentric
Ecocentric
Anthropocentric
Cornucopian's:
Technology centered view that is human centered hence, we are…
Life centered respects the rights of nature and the dependenc…
Human centered. We should put population control and resource…
include these people who see the world as having infinite res…
Technocentric
Technology centered view that is human centered hence, we are…
Ecocentric
Life centered respects the rights of nature and the dependenc…
6 terms
ESS Topic 1.1 - Environmental Value Systems
Environmental Value Systems (EVSs)
Ecocentric
Anthropocentric
Technocentric
An environmental value system (EVSs) is a particular worldvie…
An ecocentric system is a nature-centred value system that vi…
An anthropocentric system is a human-centred value system tha…
A technocentric system is a technologically-based value syste…
Environmental Value Systems (EVSs)
An environmental value system (EVSs) is a particular worldvie…
Ecocentric
An ecocentric system is a nature-centred value system that vi…
59 terms
Systems 5 Environmental System
What type of air does the air cycle un…
What is the function of the ACU?
What does pulling the CABIN DUMP handl…
When the bleed air switch is in EMERGE…
Engine bleed air
Heating, cooling, and pressurization
Opens the right outflow valve and completely depressurizes th…
Very hot bleed air enters the cabin directly at the aft bulkh…
What type of air does the air cycle un…
Engine bleed air
What is the function of the ACU?
Heating, cooling, and pressurization
12 terms
Topic 7- Environmental value systems
Environmental Value Systems or EVS
Outline a historical influence on the…
Inputs that influence ones environment…
Outputs that influence ones environmen…
This is the "world view" or set of paradigms that shape the w…
Silent Spring by Rachel Carson. The book documented the detri…
Education... Cultural influences... Religious doctrine... Media
Decisions... Perspectives... Course of action
Environmental Value Systems or EVS
This is the "world view" or set of paradigms that shape the w…
Outline a historical influence on the…
Silent Spring by Rachel Carson. The book documented the detri…
24 terms
Chapter 5 Environmental Systems
EROI
Mesotherm
Endotherms
Ectotherms
Energy return on Investment... Gross Energy/Energy used to obtai…
Animals that adjust body to a favorable temperature... ex: sharks
Use energy quickly, so waste heat can raise body temperature…
Use energy slowly, so that body temperature must be raised by…
EROI
Energy return on Investment... Gross Energy/Energy used to obtai…
Mesotherm
Animals that adjust body to a favorable temperature... ex: sharks
33 terms
Environmental Chemistry- Topic 1-5
carbohydrate
protein
lipid
vitamins
energy source for metabolism
structural molecule for body
dietary sources include vegetable oil and nut oil
A,B,C
carbohydrate
energy source for metabolism
protein
structural molecule for body
11 terms
Environmental Systems Topic 1: Systems and Models
System
Open System
Closed System
Isolated System
an assemblage of parts and the relationships between them, wh…
exchanges matter and energy with its surroundings... Ex: Ecosystem
exchanges energy but not matter; do not occur naturally on Ea…
exchanges neither matter nor energy; no systems exist with th…
System
an assemblage of parts and the relationships between them, wh…
Open System
exchanges matter and energy with its surroundings... Ex: Ecosystem
37 terms
Topic 7 Environmental Value Systems
Environmental Value System
Inputs of Environmental Value System
Outputs of Environmental Value System
What are the 3 types of environmental…
Particular world view or set of paradigms shaping the way an…
Education, media, cultural influences
Decisions, perspectives, courses of action
Ecocentric, anthropocentric and techncentric
Environmental Value System
Particular world view or set of paradigms shaping the way an…
Inputs of Environmental Value System
Education, media, cultural influences
17 terms
Chapter 5 Environmental Systems
Photosynthesis
Producer
Consumer
Decomposer
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
an organism that eats other organisms or organic matter inste…
an organism that feeds by breaking down organic matter from d…
Photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Producer
an organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
71 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 2
What are biotic factors?
What are abiotic factors?
Define trophic level
Explain pyramids of numbers
All the living components of an ecosystem
All the chemical and physical (non living) factors in an ecos…
The position that an organism occupies in a food chain, or a…
A pyramid of numbers is constructed by counting the number of…
What are biotic factors?
All the living components of an ecosystem
What are abiotic factors?
All the chemical and physical (non living) factors in an ecos…
42 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 2
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
Trophic level
Pyramids of numbers
All the living components of an ecosystem
All the chemical and physical (non living) factors in an ecos…
The position that an organism occupies in a food chain, or a…
A pyramid of numbers is constructed by counting the number of…
Biotic factors
All the living components of an ecosystem
Abiotic factors
All the chemical and physical (non living) factors in an ecos…
14 terms
IB Environmental Systems & Societies: Topic 7 Environmental Value systems
Environmental Value System
Value (4)
Environmental Value system input (6)
Environmental value system output (3)
World view that shapes how individuals perceive and evaluate…
What people think are good or bad, inferred from language and…
media, religion, science, education, politics, culture
decisions, perspectives, course of action
Environmental Value System
World view that shapes how individuals perceive and evaluate…
Value (4)
What people think are good or bad, inferred from language and…
13 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 2.3
Capture-Mark-Release-Recapture
Lincoln Index
Quadrats
Transect
The sampling method used to apply the Lincoln Index calcualti…
Provides an estimate of the number of a mobile species living…
A sampling device, usually a square of a fixed size (.25 or 1…
A tape or rope which can be stretched across a sample area. A…
Capture-Mark-Release-Recapture
The sampling method used to apply the Lincoln Index calcualti…
Lincoln Index
Provides an estimate of the number of a mobile species living…
26 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 2.6
Carrying Capacity
Limiting Factor
Intraspecific Competition
J-Curve
The number of individuals in a population that the resources…
When a demand for a particular resource is greater than the s…
Competition for a resource between the members of the same sp…
Demonstrates the growth of a population which does not slow d…
Carrying Capacity
The number of individuals in a population that the resources…
Limiting Factor
When a demand for a particular resource is greater than the s…
31 terms
Environmental Systems - Unit 5
Communicable Disease
Emerging Disease
Environmental Health
Environmental Risk
a disease that can be passed from one person to another
a disease that shows up in human population for the first tim…
the study of how different environmental factors affect human…
the probability of someone suffering from a hazard
Communicable Disease
a disease that can be passed from one person to another
Emerging Disease
a disease that shows up in human population for the first tim…
36 terms
IB Environmental Systems vocab Topic 4
Abiotic factor
Biomass
Biome
Biosphere
A non-living, physical factor that may influence an organism…
The mass of organic material in organism or ecosystems, usual…
A collection of ecosystems sharing similar climatic conditions
That part of the Earth inhabited by organism, that is, the na…
Abiotic factor
A non-living, physical factor that may influence an organism…
Biomass
The mass of organic material in organism or ecosystems, usual…
15 terms
Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 6 Study Guide
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Changes in climate
Effects on oceans and sea levels
is a normal process which is necessary for the maintenance of…
Carbon Dioxide, Water vapour, methane, and chloroflourocarbon…
Changed temperatures and or rainfall patterns, more severe st…
Sea levels are rising due to increased temperatures causing w…
Greenhouse Effect
is a normal process which is necessary for the maintenance of…
Greenhouse Gases
Carbon Dioxide, Water vapour, methane, and chloroflourocarbon…
42 terms
Category 5. Environmental Systems: Ecology
ecology
community
ecosystem
biome
ecology is the study of the relationship among organisms and…
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
1. a community of organisms and their abiotic ... environment.…
1. a large region characterized by a specific type of climate…
ecology
ecology is the study of the relationship among organisms and…
community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
64 terms
Environmental Systems and Societies Study Guide Topic 3
Exponential/ Geometric Growth
J-Curve
Limiting Factors
Density-Dependent limiting Factors
Example of this is when Bacteria are able to reproduce asexua…
Represents exponential growth
Reduce or stop population growth
Biotic and their effects increase with increased population s…
Exponential/ Geometric Growth
Example of this is when Bacteria are able to reproduce asexua…
J-Curve
Represents exponential growth
17 terms
Chapter 5 Environmental Systems
Photosynthesis
Producer
Consumer
Decomposer
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
an organism that eats other organisms or organic matter inste…
an organism that feeds by breaking down organic matter from d…
Photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Producer
an organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
20 terms
ESS Topic 7: Environmental Value Systems
An Environmental Value System (EVS) is
EVS inputs are
EVS outputs are
Ecocentrism is
A particular worldview that shales the way a group of people…
Education, Cultural influences, religious texts/doctrine, the…
Perspectives, decisions (regarding environmental issues), cou…
A holistic world view (nature centred) Minimum disturbance to…
An Environmental Value System (EVS) is
A particular worldview that shales the way a group of people…
EVS inputs are
Education, Cultural influences, religious texts/doctrine, the…
14 terms
environmental systems unit 5
succession
feedback loop
thermal/temperature inversion
smog
process by which a plant or animals community successively gi…
a section of a system that allows for feedback and self corre…
a situation where a layer of warm air lies over a layer of co…
fog or haze combined with smoke and other atmospheric polluta…
succession
process by which a plant or animals community successively gi…
feedback loop
a section of a system that allows for feedback and self corre…
22 terms
IB Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 3.1
MEDCs
LEDCs
Population Momentum
Exponential Growth
More Economically Developed Countries
Less Economically Developed Countries
Population growth at the national level that would occur even…
When the growth rate of a mathematical function is proportion…
MEDCs
More Economically Developed Countries
LEDCs
Less Economically Developed Countries
25 terms
Environmental Systems and Societies Topic 4 Study Guide
Biodiversity
Genetic Diversity
Species Diversity
Habitat Diverstiy
The number of species of different animals and plants in diff…
is the range of genetic material present in a species or popu…
is the number of different species within a given habitat.
is the number of different habitats per unit area.
Biodiversity
The number of species of different animals and plants in diff…
Genetic Diversity
is the range of genetic material present in a species or popu…
39 terms
Topic 1: Foundations of Environmental Systems and Societies
Ecocentrism
Anthropocentrism
Technocentrism
Deep Ecologists
Nature centered. Self imposed restraint on resource use.
People-centered. People as environmental managers of sustaina…
Technology centered. Technology can keep pace with a provide…
Nature first.
Ecocentrism
Nature centered. Self imposed restraint on resource use.
Anthropocentrism
People-centered. People as environmental managers of sustaina…
68 terms
Environmental Systems and Societies topic 2 key concepts
Species
Habitat
Niche
Fundamental niche
A group of organisms sharing common characteristics that inte…
The environment in which a species normally lives
Describes the particular set of abiotic and biotic conditions…
Describes the full range of conditions and resources in which…
Species
A group of organisms sharing common characteristics that inte…
Habitat
The environment in which a species normally lives
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