Study sets matching "enzyme biol"

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Study sets matching "enzyme biol"

Biology : enzyme
what are enzymes
systems of enzymes
denaturing
temperature?
they are biological catalysts, they speed up the chemical rea…
1. each enzyme has an active site into which its substrate fi…
the two factors that cause enzymes to denature are pH and hea…
heat supplies kinetic energy to molecules, causing more movem…
what are enzymes
they are biological catalysts, they speed up the chemical rea…
systems of enzymes
1. each enzyme has an active site into which its substrate fi…
10 terms
biology: Enzyme
carbohydrate
lipid
protien
nucleic acid
biomolecule that is used for energy like sugars starches cell…
biomolecule that is used to store energy and insulation like…
biomolecule that is used for many purposes from amino acids h…
biomolecule used for information storage DNA and RNA
carbohydrate
biomolecule that is used for energy like sugars starches cell…
lipid
biomolecule that is used to store energy and insulation like…
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
51 terms
AP Biology Enzyme Test
chemical reactions
reactants
products
1st Law of Thermodynamics
a process that involves changes in the structure and energy c…
The reactants are the substances that are present before the…
The substances that result from this recombination of atoms a…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
chemical reactions
a process that involves changes in the structure and energy c…
reactants
The reactants are the substances that are present before the…
5 terms
Biology Enzyme
What type of protein is an enzyme?
Two types of enzyme?
Two theories?
What is the Lock and Key Theory?
Globular
Anabolic and Catabolic
Lock and Key Theory... Induced Fit Theory
The substrate fits exactly into the enzyme's active site.
What type of protein is an enzyme?
Globular
Two types of enzyme?
Anabolic and Catabolic
8 terms
Biology Enzymes
Enzymes
What do Enzymes do?
An Enzymes graph
An graph without Enzymes
They speed up chemical reactions inside organisms.
They speed up chemical reactions by lowering activation energy.
has low hump
has high hump
Enzymes
They speed up chemical reactions inside organisms.
What do Enzymes do?
They speed up chemical reactions by lowering activation energy.
Enzymes (Biology)
Protease
Amylase
Lipase
Catalase
Digests Protiens
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
Digests Fats
A common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed…
Protease
Digests Protiens
Amylase
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
5 terms
Biology - Enzyme
Starch
Protein
Lipase
Liver
Amylase= salivary glands,pancreas and small intestine
Protease= stomach, small intestine and pancreas=amino acids
Lipid (fats and oil)= small intestine and pancreas=Glycerol a…
Produces=Bile
Starch
Amylase= salivary glands,pancreas and small intestine
Protein
Protease= stomach, small intestine and pancreas=amino acids
12 terms
Biology - Enzyme
Competitive
Non-Competitive
Endothermic
Exothermic
Blocks the active site
Changes the shape of the active site.
More energy than started with. Energy Enter
Less energy than started with.Energy Exits
Competitive
Blocks the active site
Non-Competitive
Changes the shape of the active site.
18 terms
AP Biology Enzyme Unit
Enzyme
Exergonic
Endergonic
Activation Energy
A protein that acts as a catalyst
A chemical reaction where energy is released
A chemical reaction where energy is absorbed
Amount of energy needed to cause the reactants to reach an un…
Enzyme
A protein that acts as a catalyst
Exergonic
A chemical reaction where energy is released
37 terms
AP Biology Enzyme Test
anabolic pathways
catabolic pathways
kinetic energy
potential energy
they build things like DNA, etc.
digestive, they break things down and release energy. break d…
energy of movement, what is happening right now
stored energy
anabolic pathways
they build things like DNA, etc.
catabolic pathways
digestive, they break things down and release energy. break d…
28 terms
Biology enzyme
Energy is either
Do chemical actuons that realease ener…
The energy that is needed to get a rea…
Special catalysts in living organisms…
Released or absorbed
No
Activation energy
Enzymes
Energy is either
Released or absorbed
Do chemical actuons that realease ener…
No
11 terms
Biology Enzymes
Cholesterol is a
Fatty Acids
Difference between polysaccharides and…
proteins and complex carbs
Lipid
proteins have amino acids
are polymores
Cholesterol is a
Lipid
Fatty Acids
Enzyme Biology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Collision Theory
Chemical Processes within a living organism in order to maint…
Metabolic reactions that involve the formation of chemical bo…
Metabolic reactions that involve breaking down chemical bonds…
Particles must collide with sufficient energy and facing the…
Metabolism
Chemical Processes within a living organism in order to maint…
Anabolism
Metabolic reactions that involve the formation of chemical bo…
Biology- Enzyme
Enzyme
Substrate
Product
Catalyst
A biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions and i…
The molecule or molecules on which an enzyme acts. (the input)
The molecule or molecules produced by the enzyme. (the output)
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
Enzyme
A biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions and i…
Substrate
The molecule or molecules on which an enzyme acts. (the input)
46 terms
biology: enzymes
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
maltase
the sum of all different reactions/ reaction pathways in a ce…
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve breaking down…
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve building large…
the enzyme catalyuses the breakdown of maltose into 2 alpha g…
metabolism
the sum of all different reactions/ reaction pathways in a ce…
catabolic
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve breaking down…
Biology Enzyme
Protein
Specific
Lockandkeymodel
Amino acids
The type of macromolecule that enzymes are made from
A characteristic of an enzymes meaing that enzyme can only bi…
Shows the specificity of the binding of enzymes
The units that proteins are made of
Protein
The type of macromolecule that enzymes are made from
Specific
A characteristic of an enzymes meaing that enzyme can only bi…
Biology Enzyme
Explain the effect of substrate concen…
Outline two examples of commercial app…
Explain competitive and non competitiv…
Outline the effect of pH values above…
-at low substrate concentrations, enzymes activity increases…
the name of the enzyme and the substrate;... the name(s) of the…
Competitive inhibition: the substrate and inhibitor are che…
As pH decreases or increases from the optimum, enzyme activit…
Explain the effect of substrate concen…
-at low substrate concentrations, enzymes activity increases…
Outline two examples of commercial app…
the name of the enzyme and the substrate;... the name(s) of the…
enzyme biology
in order for a chemical reaction to oc…
exothermic
endothermic
all reactions both endothermic and exo…
an overall change in energy
energy releasing
energy absorbing
a certain amount of energy to get started
in order for a chemical reaction to oc…
an overall change in energy
exothermic
energy releasing
26 terms
Enzyme Biology
Enzyme
Active Site
Hand and Glove Model
Activation Energy
a protein that acts as a catalase and lessens the amount of e…
the part of the enzyme that binds to the substrate
represents the enzyme changing shape to fit the substrate. en…
energy needed to get a reaction going, and break bonds
Enzyme
a protein that acts as a catalase and lessens the amount of e…
Active Site
the part of the enzyme that binds to the substrate
biology enzyme
Explain why it is important to have a…
Hypothesis
Which temp resulted in the greatest br…
List two features of the way this tube…
> standards show the intensity obtained with a specific conce…
> if cellulose is incubated at different temps, with cellulos…
> 37
> 1mL of distilled water is added to the control which is of…
Explain why it is important to have a…
> standards show the intensity obtained with a specific conce…
Hypothesis
> if cellulose is incubated at different temps, with cellulos…
34 terms
Enzyme Biology
Substrate
What was the substrate in the bead lab?
Active Site of Enzyme
Where do you put the name of an enzyme…
a chemical that the enzyme uses
the beads
special place on the enzyme where actives happen (hand)
put enzyme above the yield sign
Substrate
a chemical that the enzyme uses
What was the substrate in the bead lab?
the beads
5 terms
Enzymes (Biology)
Protease
Amylase
Lipase
Catalase
Digests Protiens
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
Digests Fats
A common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed…
Protease
Digests Protiens
Amylase
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
19 terms
Enzyme - Biology
Anabolic Reactions
Catabolic reactions
Endergonic
Exergonic
Energy is required to create more complex molecules, the prod…
Reactions that release energy, the products have less energy…
Absorb energy in a reaction
Release energy in a reaction
Anabolic Reactions
Energy is required to create more complex molecules, the prod…
Catabolic reactions
Reactions that release energy, the products have less energy…
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
catabolic
anabolic
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction but remains un…
biological catalyst
enzymatic reaction used to digest/ break down
enzymatic reaction used to build new proteins
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction but remains un…
enzymes
biological catalyst
Biology - Enzymes
Define Enzymes
How do enzymes work?
Properties of an enzyme (7)
Lock and Key Hypothesis
Enzyme is a biological catalyst, which is protein in natu…
Enzymes work by lowering the activation energy of a reactio…
- Most enzymes are made up of protein... - Enzymes alter or…
Each enzyme molecule is a globular protein which has a specif…
Define Enzymes
Enzyme is a biological catalyst, which is protein in natu…
How do enzymes work?
Enzymes work by lowering the activation energy of a reactio…
20 terms
BIOLOGY ENZYME
what is the pH level of pineapple? Is…
What would cause an enzyme to denature?
What is the substrate for the pineappl…
What is the state of the enzyme and su…
3.3 acid
High temperature and if you changed the pH level
long proteins
contains denatured bromelin by heating and substrate stays ha…
what is the pH level of pineapple? Is…
3.3 acid
What would cause an enzyme to denature?
High temperature and if you changed the pH level
Biology - Enzymes
Enzymes
Catalysts
Enzyme
Given an example of a substrate
Proteins that act as catalysts in nearly all metabolic proces…
Substances that speed up chemical reactions without being aff…
Each chemical reaction in cells requires a specific type in o…
Maltose... Amylose... Lipid... Peroxide
Enzymes
Proteins that act as catalysts in nearly all metabolic proces…
Catalysts
Substances that speed up chemical reactions without being aff…
30 terms
Enzyme- Biology
Enzyme Action
Exothermic
Endothermic
What determines enzyme specificity?
only substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without its…
when energy is given off in a reaction usually in the form of…
when energy is taken in for a reaction
the overall 3-D structure of the enzyme
Enzyme Action
only substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without its…
Exothermic
when energy is given off in a reaction usually in the form of…
8 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
22 terms
Biology-Enzymes
enzyme
active site
substrate specificity
lock and key hypothesis
catalysts which speed up biological reactions, unchanged by t…
the position on the enzyme occupied by the subtrate. enzymes…
enzyme specificity is due to complementary shape of the activ…
1 enzyme, 1 subtrate fits=product.... a) large globular protein…
enzyme
catalysts which speed up biological reactions, unchanged by t…
active site
the position on the enzyme occupied by the subtrate. enzymes…
20 terms
Biology: Enzymes
What are most enzymes?
What do enzymes act as?
What do Catalyst do?
Are enzymes permanently changed in the…
Proteins
Catalyst
Speed up chemical reactions
No
What are most enzymes?
Proteins
What do enzymes act as?
Catalyst
64 terms
Biology; Enzymes
Enzymes
What does it mean to be organic?
What is a hydrocarbon?
What is the relationship between a mac…
Specialized proteins that catalyze or speed up chemical react…
Carbon hydrogen bonds
A molecule that has bonds between carbon and hydrogen
Hydrocarbons are the backbones of macromolecules
Enzymes
Specialized proteins that catalyze or speed up chemical react…
What does it mean to be organic?
Carbon hydrogen bonds
22 terms
Biology enzyme
Amylase
Lactase
Sucrase
Protease
Breaks starch
Breaks lactase
Breaks sucrose
Breaks protein
Amylase
Breaks starch
Lactase
Breaks lactase
29 terms
IB Biology Enzyme & Protein
Active site
Denaturation
enzyme-substrate specificity
Temperature
A surface to which the substrate binds to.
The shape or structure of the envy is changed, so it blocks t…
Only one substrate can fit to one enzyme, so enzymes can only…
Enzyme activity increase with increased temperature, up to a…
Active site
A surface to which the substrate binds to.
Denaturation
The shape or structure of the envy is changed, so it blocks t…
Enzyme biology
Ph with enzyme
Temperature with enzyme
Denature
exergonic
Optimal pH, usaully 7. If its too low (acidic) or too high(ba…
Optimal temperature, ... too low- not enough molecular collision…
Breaks bond of enzyme, destroy 3-D shape and active site
Catabolic... "Breaking down" reaction... -delta G... Downhill... Spontane…
Ph with enzyme
Optimal pH, usaully 7. If its too low (acidic) or too high(ba…
Temperature with enzyme
Optimal temperature, ... too low- not enough molecular collision…
Biology Enzyme Test
Know the significance of optimal envir…
Activation energy graph
Describe in detail the structure of an…
Do you know how enzymes allow reaction…
The optimal environmental conditions are when the enzyme func…
The enzyme is a complex chain of amino acids that has a place…
The enzyme acts as body that helps the substrates find each o…
Know the significance of optimal envir…
The optimal environmental conditions are when the enzyme func…
Activation energy graph
Biology enzymes
catalyst
enzyme
active sight
substrate
a substance that increases the rate of chemical reactions by…
the biological substance(proteins) thats act as catalysts and…
a specially shaped area of the enzyme that fits around the su…
the same area as an enzyme and is the biological molecule tha…
catalyst
a substance that increases the rate of chemical reactions by…
enzyme
the biological substance(proteins) thats act as catalysts and…
23 terms
Biology Enzymes
Protein
Intracellular
Extracellular
Biological catalyst
What biomacromolecule is an enzyme?
what is it called when an enzymes acts inside a cell?
What is it called when an enzyme acts outside a cell?
What is an enzyme when it speeds up reactions?
Protein
What biomacromolecule is an enzyme?
Intracellular
what is it called when an enzymes acts inside a cell?
10 terms
Biology Enzymes
protein
amino acid
activation energy
catalyst
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitr…
compound with an amino group ( -NH2) on one end and a carboxy…
energy needed to get a reaction started
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitr…
amino acid
compound with an amino group ( -NH2) on one end and a carboxy…
Biology: Protein & Enzyme Test
Which is NOT a primary function of pro…
Which structure represents an amino ac…
Which of the following could be a func…
Which diagram correctly illustrates a…
Energy Storage
H-H-O... NCC... H-H-OH
Enzymatic Activity
H-HOHH-O... NCCNCC... H-H H-OH
Which is NOT a primary function of pro…
Energy Storage
Which structure represents an amino ac…
H-H-O... NCC... H-H-OH
14 terms
Biologie: Enzyme
Enzyme
RGT-Regel (Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit-Te…
Denaturierung
aktives Zentrum
Proteine, die als Bio-Katalysators fungieren. Das bedeutet, d…
Mit einem Temperatursteigung von 10 Celsius stiegt die Reakti…
Proteine werden durch Wasserstoffbrücken zusammengehalten. Hi…
Stelle des Enzyms, an welchem ihr spezifisches Substrat binde…
Enzyme
Proteine, die als Bio-Katalysators fungieren. Das bedeutet, d…
RGT-Regel (Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit-Te…
Mit einem Temperatursteigung von 10 Celsius stiegt die Reakti…
10 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
10 terms
Enzymes/ biology
A chemical substance that speeds up ch…
Biological catalyst that is considered…
Specific location on the surface of an…
They have active site
This the meaning of a catalyst
This is the meaning if of an enzyme
This is what is an active site
This is how enzymes are specific
A chemical substance that speeds up ch…
This the meaning of a catalyst
Biological catalyst that is considered…
This is the meaning if of an enzyme
7 terms
Biology Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
substrate molecules
active site
proteins that function as biological catalysts... -folded into c…
speed up rates of reactions
molecules that fit into enzymes
the place where the substrate molecules fit
enzymes
proteins that function as biological catalysts... -folded into c…
catalyst
speed up rates of reactions
Biology Enzyme Quiz Practice
Enzyme
How does changing the temperature affe…
Why might enzyme activity decrease at…
How does changing the pH affect the ra…
Protein that speeds up a chemical reactions and acts as a cat…
Affects the way they move and how quickly they are able to re…
They begin to get tired and not be able to do their part.
Affect the shape, charge properties of the substrate so that…
Enzyme
Protein that speeds up a chemical reactions and acts as a cat…
How does changing the temperature affe…
Affects the way they move and how quickly they are able to re…
7 terms
biology enzymes
metabolism
enzymes
activation energy
active site
the many chemical reactions that occur in organisms are colle…
specialized proteins that speed up chemical reactions
activates the reactants and triggers a chemical reaction
a shape and chemistry that fits it to the substrate models
metabolism
the many chemical reactions that occur in organisms are colle…
enzymes
specialized proteins that speed up chemical reactions
7 terms
Biology-Enzymes
Enzymes
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Organic catalysts which speed up the rate of slow organic rea…
The sum of all chemical reactions in the cell
Building
Breaking down
Enzymes
Organic catalysts which speed up the rate of slow organic rea…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions in the cell
12 terms
Biology: Enzymes
Allosteric site
Denaturation
Enzyme
Activation energy
The site on an enzyme that is not the active site, where othe…
The unfolding of proteins
Biological macromolecule that catalyzes, or speeds up, chemic…
The energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
Allosteric site
The site on an enzyme that is not the active site, where othe…
Denaturation
The unfolding of proteins
Biology - Enzymes
7 key enzyme features
Enzyme substrate complex
active site
cofactors
1. Lowers activation energy... 2. Increase Rate Reaction... 3. Does…
when enzyme and substrate are bounded together
site where substrate binds to enzyme
inorganic molecule (Fe,Zn,etc.) are required for enzyme to work
7 key enzyme features
1. Lowers activation energy... 2. Increase Rate Reaction... 3. Does…
Enzyme substrate complex
when enzyme and substrate are bounded together
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