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Study sets matching "enzyme biol"

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Study sets matching "enzyme biol"

5 terms
Enzymes (Biology)
Protease
Amylase
Lipase
Catalase
Digests Protiens
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
Digests Fats
A common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed…
Protease
Digests Protiens
Amylase
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
10 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
12 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
catabolic
anabolic
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction but remains un…
biological catalyst
enzymatic reaction used to digest/ break down
enzymatic reaction used to build new proteins
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction but remains un…
enzymes
biological catalyst
18 terms
AP Biology Enzyme Unit
Enzyme
Exergonic
Endergonic
Activation Energy
A protein that acts as a catalyst
A chemical reaction where energy is released
A chemical reaction where energy is absorbed
Amount of energy needed to cause the reactants to reach an un…
Enzyme
A protein that acts as a catalyst
Exergonic
A chemical reaction where energy is released
12 terms
Biology - Enzymes
Define Enzymes
How do enzymes work?
Properties of an enzyme (7)
Lock and Key Hypothesis
Enzyme is a biological catalyst, which is protein in natu…
Enzymes work by lowering the activation energy of a reactio…
- Most enzymes are made up of protein... - Enzymes alter or…
Each enzyme molecule is a globular protein which has a specif…
Define Enzymes
Enzyme is a biological catalyst, which is protein in natu…
How do enzymes work?
Enzymes work by lowering the activation energy of a reactio…
8 terms
Biology Enzymes
Enzymes
What do Enzymes do?
An Enzymes graph
An graph without Enzymes
They speed up chemical reactions inside organisms.
They speed up chemical reactions by lowering activation energy.
has low hump
has high hump
Enzymes
They speed up chemical reactions inside organisms.
What do Enzymes do?
They speed up chemical reactions by lowering activation energy.
10 terms
biology: Enzyme
carbohydrate
lipid
protien
nucleic acid
biomolecule that is used for energy like sugars starches cell…
biomolecule that is used to store energy and insulation like…
biomolecule that is used for many purposes from amino acids h…
biomolecule used for information storage DNA and RNA
carbohydrate
biomolecule that is used for energy like sugars starches cell…
lipid
biomolecule that is used to store energy and insulation like…
51 terms
AP Biology Enzyme Test
chemical reactions
reactants
products
1st Law of Thermodynamics
a process that involves changes in the structure and energy c…
The reactants are the substances that are present before the…
The substances that result from this recombination of atoms a…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
chemical reactions
a process that involves changes in the structure and energy c…
reactants
The reactants are the substances that are present before the…
11 terms
Biology Enzymes
Cholesterol is a
Fatty Acids
Difference between polysaccharides and…
proteins and complex carbs
Lipid
proteins have amino acids
are polymores
Cholesterol is a
Lipid
Fatty Acids
5 terms
Enzymes (Biology)
Protease
Amylase
Lipase
Catalase
Digests Protiens
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
Digests Fats
A common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed…
Protease
Digests Protiens
Amylase
Found in Saliva and Digests Starch
46 terms
biology: enzymes
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
maltase
the sum of all different reactions/ reaction pathways in a ce…
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve breaking down…
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve building large…
the enzyme catalyuses the breakdown of maltose into 2 alpha g…
metabolism
the sum of all different reactions/ reaction pathways in a ce…
catabolic
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve breaking down…
37 terms
AP Biology Enzyme Test
anabolic pathways
catabolic pathways
kinetic energy
potential energy
they build things like DNA, etc.
digestive, they break things down and release energy. break d…
energy of movement, what is happening right now
stored energy
anabolic pathways
they build things like DNA, etc.
catabolic pathways
digestive, they break things down and release energy. break d…
10 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
8 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
28 terms
Biology enzyme
Energy is either
Do chemical actuons that realease ener…
The energy that is needed to get a rea…
Special catalysts in living organisms…
Released or absorbed
No
Activation energy
Enzymes
Energy is either
Released or absorbed
Do chemical actuons that realease ener…
No
19 terms
Enzyme Biology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Collision Theory
Chemical Processes within a living organism in order to maint…
Metabolic reactions that involve the formation of chemical bo…
Metabolic reactions that involve breaking down chemical bonds…
Particles must collide with sufficient energy and facing the…
Metabolism
Chemical Processes within a living organism in order to maint…
Anabolism
Metabolic reactions that involve the formation of chemical bo…
13 terms
Biology- Enzyme
Enzyme
Substrate
Product
Catalyst
A biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions and i…
The molecule or molecules on which an enzyme acts. (the input)
The molecule or molecules produced by the enzyme. (the output)
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
Enzyme
A biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions and i…
Substrate
The molecule or molecules on which an enzyme acts. (the input)
22 terms
Biology enzyme
Amylase
Lactase
Sucrase
Protease
Breaks starch
Breaks lactase
Breaks sucrose
Breaks protein
Amylase
Breaks starch
Lactase
Breaks lactase
20 terms
Biology - Enzymes
Enzymes
Catalysts
Enzyme
Given an example of a substrate
Proteins that act as catalysts in nearly all metabolic proces…
Substances that speed up chemical reactions without being aff…
Each chemical reaction in cells requires a specific type in o…
Maltose... Amylose... Lipid... Peroxide
Enzymes
Proteins that act as catalysts in nearly all metabolic proces…
Catalysts
Substances that speed up chemical reactions without being aff…
12 terms
Biology - Enzyme
Competitive
Non-Competitive
Endothermic
Exothermic
Blocks the active site
Changes the shape of the active site.
More energy than started with. Energy Enter
Less energy than started with.Energy Exits
Competitive
Blocks the active site
Non-Competitive
Changes the shape of the active site.
14 terms
Enzyme biology
Ph with enzyme
Temperature with enzyme
Denature
exergonic
Optimal pH, usaully 7. If its too low (acidic) or too high(ba…
Optimal temperature, ... too low- not enough molecular collision…
Breaks bond of enzyme, destroy 3-D shape and active site
Catabolic... "Breaking down" reaction... -delta G... Downhill... Spontane…
Ph with enzyme
Optimal pH, usaully 7. If its too low (acidic) or too high(ba…
Temperature with enzyme
Optimal temperature, ... too low- not enough molecular collision…
15 terms
Biology Enzyme
Protein
Specific
Lockandkeymodel
Amino acids
The type of macromolecule that enzymes are made from
A characteristic of an enzymes meaing that enzyme can only bi…
Shows the specificity of the binding of enzymes
The units that proteins are made of
Protein
The type of macromolecule that enzymes are made from
Specific
A characteristic of an enzymes meaing that enzyme can only bi…
13 terms
Biology Enzyme
Explain the effect of substrate concen…
Outline two examples of commercial app…
Explain competitive and non competitiv…
Outline the effect of pH values above…
-at low substrate concentrations, enzymes activity increases…
the name of the enzyme and the substrate;... the name(s) of the…
Competitive inhibition: the substrate and inhibitor are che…
As pH decreases or increases from the optimum, enzyme activit…
Explain the effect of substrate concen…
-at low substrate concentrations, enzymes activity increases…
Outline two examples of commercial app…
the name of the enzyme and the substrate;... the name(s) of the…
28 terms
enzyme biology
in order for a chemical reaction to oc…
exothermic
endothermic
all reactions both endothermic and exo…
an overall change in energy
energy releasing
energy absorbing
a certain amount of energy to get started
in order for a chemical reaction to oc…
an overall change in energy
exothermic
energy releasing
9 terms
biology enzyme
Explain why it is important to have a…
Hypothesis
Which temp resulted in the greatest br…
List two features of the way this tube…
> standards show the intensity obtained with a specific conce…
> if cellulose is incubated at different temps, with cellulos…
> 37
> 1mL of distilled water is added to the control which is of…
Explain why it is important to have a…
> standards show the intensity obtained with a specific conce…
Hypothesis
> if cellulose is incubated at different temps, with cellulos…
26 terms
Enzyme Biology
Enzyme
Active Site
Hand and Glove Model
Activation Energy
a protein that acts as a catalase and lessens the amount of e…
the part of the enzyme that binds to the substrate
represents the enzyme changing shape to fit the substrate. en…
energy needed to get a reaction going, and break bonds
Enzyme
a protein that acts as a catalase and lessens the amount of e…
Active Site
the part of the enzyme that binds to the substrate
20 terms
Biology: Enzymes
What are most enzymes?
What do enzymes act as?
What do Catalyst do?
Are enzymes permanently changed in the…
Proteins
Catalyst
Speed up chemical reactions
No
What are most enzymes?
Proteins
What do enzymes act as?
Catalyst
64 terms
Biology; Enzymes
Enzymes
What does it mean to be organic?
What is a hydrocarbon?
What is the relationship between a mac…
Specialized proteins that catalyze or speed up chemical react…
Carbon hydrogen bonds
A molecule that has bonds between carbon and hydrogen
Hydrocarbons are the backbones of macromolecules
Enzymes
Specialized proteins that catalyze or speed up chemical react…
What does it mean to be organic?
Carbon hydrogen bonds
34 terms
Enzyme Biology
Substrate
What was the substrate in the bead lab?
Active Site of Enzyme
Where do you put the name of an enzyme…
a chemical that the enzyme uses
the beads
special place on the enzyme where actives happen (hand)
put enzyme above the yield sign
Substrate
a chemical that the enzyme uses
What was the substrate in the bead lab?
the beads
19 terms
Enzyme - Biology
Anabolic Reactions
Catabolic reactions
Endergonic
Exergonic
Energy is required to create more complex molecules, the prod…
Reactions that release energy, the products have less energy…
Absorb energy in a reaction
Release energy in a reaction
Anabolic Reactions
Energy is required to create more complex molecules, the prod…
Catabolic reactions
Reactions that release energy, the products have less energy…
14 terms
Biologie: Enzyme
Enzyme
RGT-Regel (Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit-Te…
Denaturierung
aktives Zentrum
Proteine, die als Bio-Katalysators fungieren. Das bedeutet, d…
Mit einem Temperatursteigung von 10 Celsius stiegt die Reakti…
Proteine werden durch Wasserstoffbrücken zusammengehalten. Hi…
Stelle des Enzyms, an welchem ihr spezifisches Substrat binde…
Enzyme
Proteine, die als Bio-Katalysators fungieren. Das bedeutet, d…
RGT-Regel (Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit-Te…
Mit einem Temperatursteigung von 10 Celsius stiegt die Reakti…
14 terms
Biologie: Enzyme
Enzyme
RGT-Regel (Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit-Te…
Denaturierung
aktives Zentrum
Proteine, die als Bio-Katalysators fungieren. Das bedeutet, d…
Mit einem Temperatursteigung von 10 Celsius stiegt die Reakti…
Proteine werden durch Wasserstoffbrücken zusammengehalten. Hi…
Stelle des Enzyms, an welchem ihr spezifisches Substrat binde…
Enzyme
Proteine, die als Bio-Katalysators fungieren. Das bedeutet, d…
RGT-Regel (Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit-Te…
Mit einem Temperatursteigung von 10 Celsius stiegt die Reakti…
Biology- enzymes
What does enzymes catalyse?
What does intercellular mean?
What does extracellular mean?
What does enzymes have?
Metabollic reactions
Within cells
Outside cells
Active site
What does enzymes catalyse?
Metabollic reactions
What does intercellular mean?
Within cells
20 terms
BIOLOGY ENZYME
what is the pH level of pineapple? Is…
What would cause an enzyme to denature?
What is the substrate for the pineappl…
What is the state of the enzyme and su…
3.3 acid
High temperature and if you changed the pH level
long proteins
contains denatured bromelin by heating and substrate stays ha…
what is the pH level of pineapple? Is…
3.3 acid
What would cause an enzyme to denature?
High temperature and if you changed the pH level
44 terms
biology enzymes
What do cells use to speed up biologic…
enzymes speed up rate of the reaction…
Substrate
energy barrier
Cataylsis
Activation Energy
a particular target molecule of enzymes
stuff needs energy to break down
What do cells use to speed up biologic…
Cataylsis
enzymes speed up rate of the reaction…
Activation Energy
35 terms
Biology - Enzymes
Role of enzymes
Biological catalyst
Intracellular enzyme
Catalase
= biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions ... * th…
protein (enzyme) used in metabolism that lowers activation en…
Enzyme that works inside a cell.... e.g catalase
works inside the cell to catalyse the breakdown of hydrogen p…
Role of enzymes
= biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions ... * th…
Biological catalyst
protein (enzyme) used in metabolism that lowers activation en…
12 terms
Biology-Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Equilibrium
Change substances into different substances by breaking and f…
The substances changes during a chemical reaction. (on left)
Substances made by a chemical reaction. (on right)
Reached when both the reactants and products are made at the…
Chemical Reactions
Change substances into different substances by breaking and f…
Reactants
The substances changes during a chemical reaction. (on left)
13 terms
Biology Enzymes
Substrate entering and products leavin…
proteins act as biological catalysts
all chemical reactions in your body re…
Catalyst
green= substrate... gray= enzyme... blue/ red= products leaving site
proteins act as biological catalysts
all chemical reactions in your body require enzymes
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
Substrate entering and products leavin…
green= substrate... gray= enzyme... blue/ red= products leaving site
proteins act as biological catalysts
proteins act as biological catalysts
23 terms
Biology - Enzymes
Biological catalyst
Macromolecules
Product
Specific
Speed up metabolic reactions in organisms without being used…
Large molecules
Enzyme + substrate =
Only made to do one job/work for or with one thing. ... E.g. One…
Biological catalyst
Speed up metabolic reactions in organisms without being used…
Macromolecules
Large molecules
30 terms
Enzyme- Biology
Enzyme Action
Exothermic
Endothermic
What determines enzyme specificity?
only substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without its…
when energy is given off in a reaction usually in the form of…
when energy is taken in for a reaction
the overall 3-D structure of the enzyme
Enzyme Action
only substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without its…
Exothermic
when energy is given off in a reaction usually in the form of…
10 terms
Biology Enzymes
protein
amino acid
activation energy
catalyst
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitr…
compound with an amino group ( -NH2) on one end and a carboxy…
energy needed to get a reaction started
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitr…
amino acid
compound with an amino group ( -NH2) on one end and a carboxy…
16 terms
Biology enzymes
catalyst
enzyme
active sight
substrate
a substance that increases the rate of chemical reactions by…
the biological substance(proteins) thats act as catalysts and…
a specially shaped area of the enzyme that fits around the su…
the same area as an enzyme and is the biological molecule tha…
catalyst
a substance that increases the rate of chemical reactions by…
enzyme
the biological substance(proteins) thats act as catalysts and…
22 terms
Biology-Enzymes
enzyme
active site
substrate specificity
lock and key hypothesis
catalysts which speed up biological reactions, unchanged by t…
the position on the enzyme occupied by the subtrate. enzymes…
enzyme specificity is due to complementary shape of the activ…
1 enzyme, 1 subtrate fits=product.... a) large globular protein…
enzyme
catalysts which speed up biological reactions, unchanged by t…
active site
the position on the enzyme occupied by the subtrate. enzymes…
17 terms
Enzymes- Biology
enzymes
reactants
chemical reactions
reactants
specialized proteins that speed up chemical reactions
transformed into products faster when using enzymes
energy requiring process where atoms or groups of atoms in re…
to the left of the arrow
enzymes
specialized proteins that speed up chemical reactions
reactants
transformed into products faster when using enzymes
9 terms
Biology-Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
A process where bonds are broken/formed between atoms to make…
The starting materials in a chemical reaction
The new substances formed at the end of a chemical reaction
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
A process where bonds are broken/formed between atoms to make…
Reactant
The starting materials in a chemical reaction
46 terms
biology: enzymes
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
maltase
the sum of all different reactions/ reaction pathways in a ce…
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve breaking down…
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve building large…
the enzyme catalyuses the breakdown of maltose into 2 alpha g…
metabolism
the sum of all different reactions/ reaction pathways in a ce…
catabolic
reactions, catalysed by enzymes, which involve breaking down…
35 terms
AP Biology - Enzymes
enzyme
red
blue
progress of reaction
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
Which line (red or blue) represents an uncatalyzed reaction?
What is the x-axis of this graph?
enzyme
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
red
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
28 terms
Biology Enzymes
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Physical Change
Physical Change
Where the chemical structure remains the same.
Atomic structures are rearranged. New substances are formed.
Rubbing alcohol evaporating off of your skin.
Liquid lava hardening into rock.
Physical Change
Where the chemical structure remains the same.
Chemical Change
Atomic structures are rearranged. New substances are formed.
15 terms
Biology: ENZYMES
Enzymes
Enzymes (graph)
Lock & Key Theory
Induced Fit Hypothesis
-"ase"... -PROTEIN CATALYST... -accelerates reactions by reducing…
-activation energy lowered... -overall energy change (delta G) N…
active site already in conformation for substrate to bind or…
active site has a "relaxed form" and "induced form" when subs…
Enzymes
-"ase"... -PROTEIN CATALYST... -accelerates reactions by reducing…
Enzymes (graph)
-activation energy lowered... -overall energy change (delta G) N…
29 terms
IB Biology Enzyme & Protein
Active site
Denaturation
enzyme-substrate specificity
Temperature
A surface to which the substrate binds to.
The shape or structure of the envy is changed, so it blocks t…
Only one substrate can fit to one enzyme, so enzymes can only…
Enzyme activity increase with increased temperature, up to a…
Active site
A surface to which the substrate binds to.
Denaturation
The shape or structure of the envy is changed, so it blocks t…
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