Study sets matching "enzymes"

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Study sets matching "enzymes"

19 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
26 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
chemical "tug"
catalase
active site
chemicals not consumed in a reaction, but can speed up a reac…
when the enzyme pulls on the chemical and lowers its activati…
enzyme found in all eukaryotic cells. It breaks down hydrogen…
A pocket or groove on the surface of the enzyme.
enzymes
chemicals not consumed in a reaction, but can speed up a reac…
chemical "tug"
when the enzyme pulls on the chemical and lowers its activati…
5 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Catalyst
Activation energy
Protein molecule that acts as a catalyst in biological reacti…
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The minimum energy that must be input to a reaction to start…
Enzyme
Protein molecule that acts as a catalyst in biological reacti…
Substrate
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
Enzymes
enzymes
substrate
active site
enzyme substrate complex
Protein catalysts that are not consumed or changed(exception…
molecule upon which an enzyme acts on
three dimensional shape into which the substrate fits and is…
lock and key theory, induced fit hypothesis
enzymes
Protein catalysts that are not consumed or changed(exception…
substrate
molecule upon which an enzyme acts on
Enzymes
Catalyst
Organic
Substrate
Coenzyme
Speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Contains BOTH elements C and H
The substances enzymes act upon
Non-protein (inorganic) component that supports enzyme functi…
Catalyst
Speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Organic
Contains BOTH elements C and H
6 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
substrate
active site
denature
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions, aka catalyst
molecule that interacts with an enzyme
shape specific part of the enzyme where the substrate fits
to lose characteristic shape, effected by temperature or pH
enzyme
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions, aka catalyst
substrate
molecule that interacts with an enzyme
5 terms
Enzymes
activation energy
active site
catalyst
enzyme
the energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
the region on an enzyme that binds to the substrate
a substance that speeds up chemical reactions, without being…
a protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
activation energy
the energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
active site
the region on an enzyme that binds to the substrate
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Protein
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Substrate
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Enzymes
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Active site
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
The amount of energy required to start a reaction
The portion of the enzyme in which the substrate binds
Enzyme
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
Catalyst
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
Enzymes
metabolism
enzyme
protein
amino acid
chemical reactions that take place in cells
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions; can be den…
macromolecule used to regulate body functions (hormones) and…
building block or subunit of proteins like enzymes and hormones
metabolism
chemical reactions that take place in cells
enzyme
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions; can be den…
13 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Enzymes
Enzyme
Enzyme
Enzyme
Substrate
End in -ase
Examples: helicase, ligase, Amylase
Lower the amount of activation energy needed
Molecules that are reactants in an equation
Enzyme
End in -ase
Enzyme
Examples: helicase, ligase, Amylase
24 terms
Enzymes
Reactants
Products
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
All chemical reactions that occur in cells of living organisms
Breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler substance…
Reactants
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Products
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
7 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Enzyme-Substrate Complex
Activation Energy
A protein catalyst.
The reactant that binds to the enzyme's active site and is tr…
...
...
Enzyme
A protein catalyst.
Substrate
The reactant that binds to the enzyme's active site and is tr…
13 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
38 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Enzyme-Substrate Complex
Enzyme
Substrate
35 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
red
blue
progress of reaction
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
Which line (red or blue) represents an uncatalyzed reaction?
What is the x-axis of this graph?
enzyme
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
red
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
17 terms
Enzymes
catalyst
Enzyme
Substrate
Potential Energy Diagram
A protein catalyst.
The reactant that binds to the enzyme's active site and is tr…
...
catalyst
Enzyme
A protein catalyst.
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
12 terms
Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bonding energy
when substances change to other substances from breaking and…
the substance that is changed during a chemical reaction
the substance that is made in the chemical reaction
the energy required to break or form a bond
chemical reaction
when substances change to other substances from breaking and…
reactant
the substance that is changed during a chemical reaction
Enzymes
enzymes
function of enzymes
catalyst
substrate
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
catalyst, substrate
brings about a reaction without being charged. It never runs…
the substance on which the enzyme works
enzymes
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
function of enzymes
catalyst, substrate
17 terms
Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
product
enzyme
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
biological catalysts that speed up the rate of chemical react…
chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
reactants
compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Enzymes
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Active site
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
The amount of energy required to start a reaction
The portion of the enzyme in which the substrate is loosely a…
Enzyme
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
Catalyst
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
9 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Active site
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
The amount of energy required to start a reaction
The portion of the enzyme in which the substrate is loosely a…
Enzyme
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
Catalyst
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
14 terms
Enzymes
Activation energy
Enzyme
Active site
Catalyst
Energy needed to start a reaction
a protein that works as a catalyst to speed up chemical react…
slot or groove on the enzyme where a substrate fits
a substance that speeds up a reaction
Activation energy
Energy needed to start a reaction
Enzyme
a protein that works as a catalyst to speed up chemical react…
19 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
26 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
function of enzymes
catalyst
substrate
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
catalyst, substrate
brings about a reaction without being charged. It never runs…
the substance on which the enzyme works
enzymes
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
function of enzymes
catalyst, substrate
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Catalyst
Activation energy
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The minimum energy that must be input to a reaction to start…
Enzyme
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Substrate
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
Enzymes
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Chemical Energy
the capacity to do work
The energy of motion
energy that matter has because of its structure or position
potential energy available for release in a chemical reaction…
Energy
the capacity to do work
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion
12 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
22 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
Is the reactant that an enzyme acts on.
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
16 terms
Enzymes
Metabolic pathway
Anabolic reactions
Catabolic reactions
Extracellular
A metabolic reaction is catalyzed by enzymes which turns mole…
A reaction where smaller molecules are turned broken down int…
A reaction
Enzymes found outside of cells.
Metabolic pathway
A metabolic reaction is catalyzed by enzymes which turns mole…
Anabolic reactions
A reaction where smaller molecules are turned broken down int…
24 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on... A temporary complex forme…
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
12 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
24 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on... A temporary complex forme…
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
18 terms
Enzymes
Function of enzymes
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
What is activation energy?
What is the active site?
speed up chemical reactions
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
Amount of energy needed to get a reaction to start. It's the…
The groove on the enzyme where the substrate fits.
Function of enzymes
speed up chemical reactions
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
20 terms
Enzymes
Endothermic Reaction
Exothermic Reaction
Enzymes
Substrate
One which requires energy input.
One in which energy is given off.
Like catalysts. They are not changed by the reaction.
The molecule upon which an enzyme acts.
Endothermic Reaction
One which requires energy input.
Exothermic Reaction
One in which energy is given off.
11 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Active site
Enzyme-Substarte Complex
Activation Energy
Any of numerous complex proteins that are produced by living…
A region on the surface of an enzyme whose shape permits bind…
A non covalent complex composed of a substrate bound to the a…
The minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
Enzymes
Any of numerous complex proteins that are produced by living…
Active site
A region on the surface of an enzyme whose shape permits bind…
Enzymes
Function of enzymes
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
What is activation energy?
What is the active site?
speed up chemical reactions
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
Amount of energy needed to get a reaction to start. It's the…
The groove on the enzyme where the substrate fits.
Function of enzymes
speed up chemical reactions
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
13 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes speed up reactions?
substrate
What is the active site?
True or false: Enzymes fit with any sh…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
The active site is the region on the enzyme where the substra…
FALSE. Each substrate/reactant has a unique shape. The have a…
How do enzymes speed up reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
substrate
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
18 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by weakening bonds which lowers the activation energy require…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by weakening bonds which lowers the activation energy require…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
32 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Catalase as a Defense Mechanism
EX: Catalase
Catalase
regulate rates of chemical reactions... -biological catalysts... in…
-protects cells by destroying hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
protecting the cell from oxidative damage by reactive oxygen…
has 4 polypeptide chains, each over 500 amino acids long
Enzymes
regulate rates of chemical reactions... -biological catalysts... in…
Catalase as a Defense Mechanism
-protects cells by destroying hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
Enzymes
Enzymes
Oxidoreductases
Examples of Oxidoreductases
Transferases
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions that involve the trans…
oxidases, reductases, peroxidases, dehydrogenases
Transfer of a functional group from one molecule to another m…
Enzymes
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Oxidoreductases
catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions that involve the trans…
20 terms
Enzymes
active site
substrate
biological catalyst
enzyme- substrate complex
An area within the tertiary structure of the enzyme able to b…
The molecule(s) that react in the presence of the enzyme
Increases the rate of a chemical reaction.... Works under normal…
When the substrate and the enzyme bind together and the react…
active site
An area within the tertiary structure of the enzyme able to b…
substrate
The molecule(s) that react in the presence of the enzyme
12 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
activation energy
active site
substrate
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
a specific region of the enzyme, made up of a small number of…
the molecule on which the enzyme acts
enzyme
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
Enzymes!!!
Amylase
Pepsin
Trypsin
Sucrase
starch to disaccharides
proteins to smaller polypeptides
polypeptides to amino acids
sucrose to glucose and fructose
Amylase
starch to disaccharides
Pepsin
proteins to smaller polypeptides
20 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes are a type of ____
Activation Energy
Enzymes ____ the activation energy of…
Enzymes effect of activation energy al…
Protein
Amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
lower
quickly
Enzymes are a type of ____
Protein
Activation Energy
Amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
11 terms
Enzymes
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
substrate
substances that speed up chemical reactions
proteins that speed up chemical reactions in organisms
energy required to start a chemical reaction
substance that enzyme acts upon
catalyst
substances that speed up chemical reactions
enzyme
proteins that speed up chemical reactions in organisms
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