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Study sets matching "enzymes"

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Study sets matching "enzymes"

19 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
24 terms
Enzymes
Reactants
Products
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
All chemical reactions that occur in cells of living organisms
Breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler substance…
Reactants
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Products
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
9 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Enzyme
Enzyme
Substrate
End in -ase
Examples: helicase, ligase, Amylase
Lower the amount of activation energy needed
Molecules that are reactants in an equation
Enzyme
End in -ase
Enzyme
Examples: helicase, ligase, Amylase
7 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Protein
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Substrate
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
26 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
function of enzymes
catalyst
substrate
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
catalyst, substrate
brings about a reaction without being charged. It never runs…
the substance on which the enzyme works
enzymes
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
function of enzymes
catalyst, substrate
6 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
substrate
active site
denature
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions, aka catalyst
molecule that interacts with an enzyme
shape specific part of the enzyme where the substrate fits
to lose characteristic shape, effected by temperature or pH
enzyme
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions, aka catalyst
substrate
molecule that interacts with an enzyme
27 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
substrate
active site
enzyme substrate complex
Protein catalysts that are not consumed or changed(exception…
molecule upon which an enzyme acts on
three dimensional shape into which the substrate fits and is…
lock and key theory, induced fit hypothesis
enzymes
Protein catalysts that are not consumed or changed(exception…
substrate
molecule upon which an enzyme acts on
18 terms
Enzymes
Catalyst
Organic
Substrate
Coenzyme
Speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Contains BOTH elements C and H
The substances enzymes act upon
Non-protein (inorganic) component that supports enzyme functi…
Catalyst
Speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Organic
Contains BOTH elements C and H
57 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Oxidoreductases
Examples of Oxidoreductases
Transferases
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions that involve the trans…
oxidases, reductases, peroxidases, dehydrogenases
Transfer of a functional group from one molecule to another m…
Enzymes
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Oxidoreductases
catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions that involve the trans…
20 terms
Enzymes
active site
substrate
biological catalyst
enzyme- substrate complex
An area within the tertiary structure of the enzyme able to b…
The molecule(s) that react in the presence of the enzyme
Increases the rate of a chemical reaction.... Works under normal…
When the substrate and the enzyme bind together and the react…
active site
An area within the tertiary structure of the enzyme able to b…
substrate
The molecule(s) that react in the presence of the enzyme
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Enzymes
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Active site
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
The amount of energy required to start a reaction
The portion of the enzyme in which the substrate is loosely a…
Enzyme
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
Catalyst
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
9 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Active site
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
The amount of energy required to start a reaction
The portion of the enzyme in which the substrate is loosely a…
Enzyme
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
Catalyst
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
12 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
activation energy
active site
substrate
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
a specific region of the enzyme, made up of a small number of…
the molecule on which the enzyme acts
enzyme
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
38 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Enzyme-Substrate Complex
Enzyme
Substrate
35 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
red
blue
progress of reaction
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
Which line (red or blue) represents an uncatalyzed reaction?
What is the x-axis of this graph?
enzyme
a protein catalyst that speeds up a chemical reaction
red
Which line (red or blue) represents an enzyme catalyzed react…
12 terms
Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bonding energy
when substances change to other substances from breaking and…
the substance that is changed during a chemical reaction
the substance that is made in the chemical reaction
the energy required to break or form a bond
chemical reaction
when substances change to other substances from breaking and…
reactant
the substance that is changed during a chemical reaction
17 terms
Enzymes
catalyst
Enzyme
Substrate
Potential Energy Diagram
A protein catalyst.
The reactant that binds to the enzyme's active site and is tr…
...
catalyst
Enzyme
A protein catalyst.
17 terms
Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
product
enzyme
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
biological catalysts that speed up the rate of chemical react…
chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
reactants
compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
12 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
24 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on... A temporary complex forme…
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
23 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Enzymes are made of
Substrate
Specificity of enzyme
Biological catalysts that speed up a chemical reaction by low…
protein!
The molecule/s on which an enzyme acts is referred to as the…
An enzyme is highly specific to the substrate on which it act…
Enzymes
Biological catalysts that speed up a chemical reaction by low…
Enzymes are made of
protein!
Enzymes
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Chemical Energy
the capacity to do work
The energy of motion
energy that matter has because of its structure or position
potential energy available for release in a chemical reaction…
Energy
the capacity to do work
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion
24 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on... A temporary complex forme…
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
By lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
19 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
26 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
function of enzymes
catalyst
substrate
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
catalyst, substrate
brings about a reaction without being charged. It never runs…
the substance on which the enzyme works
enzymes
protein substances that control the rate of reactions
function of enzymes
catalyst, substrate
12 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
18 terms
Enzymes
Function of enzymes
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
What is activation energy?
What is the active site?
speed up chemical reactions
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
Amount of energy needed to get a reaction to start. It's the…
The groove on the enzyme where the substrate fits.
Function of enzymes
speed up chemical reactions
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
8 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Catalyst
Activation energy
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The minimum energy that must be input to a reaction to start…
Enzyme
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Substrate
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
19 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
22 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
Is the reactant that an enzyme acts on.
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
18 terms
Enzymes
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by weakening bonds which lowers the activation energy require…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by weakening bonds which lowers the activation energy require…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
16 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
What is the active site?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
Enzyme-substrate complex
The active site is the region on the enzyme where the substra…
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
18 terms
Enzymes *
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
Enzyme substrate
The enzyme binds to its substrate, for…
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
The reactant that an enzyme acts on
Enzyme-substrate complex
How do enzymes catalyze reactions?
by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction t…
True or False: Enzymes start chemical…
FALSE. Enzymes don't start reactions- they SPEED UP reactions…
20 terms
Enzymes
Function of enzymes
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
What is activation energy?
What is the active site?
speed up chemical reactions
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
Amount of energy needed to get a reaction to start. It's the…
The groove on the enzyme where the substrate fits.
Function of enzymes
speed up chemical reactions
How do enzymes make a reaction happen…
Lower the activation energy needed to get reaction to go
16 terms
Enzymes
Metabolic pathway
Anabolic reactions
Catabolic reactions
Extracellular
A metabolic reaction is catalyzed by enzymes which turns mole…
A reaction where smaller molecules are turned broken down int…
A reaction
Enzymes found outside of cells.
Metabolic pathway
A metabolic reaction is catalyzed by enzymes which turns mole…
Anabolic reactions
A reaction where smaller molecules are turned broken down int…
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
12 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
substrate
active site
denature
type of protein in living things that speeds up chemical reac…
molecule that interacts with an enzyme; reactant(s)
shape-specific part of the enzyme where the substrate fits
when a protein changes shape & no longer functions
enzyme
type of protein in living things that speeds up chemical reac…
substrate
molecule that interacts with an enzyme; reactant(s)
18 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started, enzymes lower activa…
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
8 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Active site
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
The amount of energy required to start a reaction
The portion of the enzyme in which the substrate is loosely a…
Enzyme
A protein which can either build up (catabolize) or break dow…
Catalyst
A chemical which speeds up the rate of a reaction
13 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
12 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
substrate
Enzyme-substrate complex
"lock and key"
made of protein, speeds up chemical reactions, operates at an…
the substance the enzyme attaches to.
the union of the enzyme and substrate;
description of how a substrate fits perfectly with an enzyme
Enzyme
made of protein, speeds up chemical reactions, operates at an…
substrate
the substance the enzyme attaches to.
13 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
15 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
- the molecule upon which an enzyme acts, the enzyme will d…
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that causes or speeds up a chemical reaction
12 terms
ENZYMES
Chemical Reaction
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Activation energy
Process in which bonds between atoms are broken and new ones…
Building molecules by removing water
Breaking molecules down by adding water
Energy required to start a reaction
Chemical Reaction
Process in which bonds between atoms are broken and new ones…
Dehydration synthesis
Building molecules by removing water
11 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts; proteins that speed up chemical reactio…
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
the molecule(s) upon which an enzyme acts
enzymes
biological cataylsts; proteins that speed up chemical reactio…
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
9 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Reactants
Products
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction..... E…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Substrate
A specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
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