Study sets matching "enzymes"

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Study sets matching "enzymes"

10 termscreated on January 16, 2017
DNA History
Oswald Avery, Maclyn McCarty, Colin Ma…
Martha Chase, Alfred Hershey
Francis Crick, James Watson
Rosalind Franklin
Added destructive enzymes to Griffith's experiment
Investigated bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria), i…
Saw Franklin's photos, 1952 - built a 3-D model, both won Nob…
Took pic of DNA with x-ray machine, stretched and straightene…
Oswald Avery, Maclyn McCarty, Colin Ma…
Added destructive enzymes to Griffith's experiment
Martha Chase, Alfred Hershey
Investigated bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria), i…
23 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Bio vocab 1 sem 2
Amino acid
Anticodon
Uracil
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Building block of protiens
3 consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary to a codon…
A nitrogen containing base found in RNA but not in DNA, it pa…
An RNA molecule that brings specific amino acids that match t…
Amino acid
Building block of protiens
Anticodon
3 consecutive bases on tRNA that are complementary to a codon…
18 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Glencoe chemistry concepts and applications chapter 6
Reactant
Product
Coefficient
Synthesis
a substance that undergoes a reaction
when reactants undergo a chemical change
to indicate more than one unit taking part or being formed
whenever two or more substances combine to forma single product
Reactant
a substance that undergoes a reaction
Product
when reactants undergo a chemical change
12 termscreated on January 16, 2017
13-3
Gene expression
Transcrption
Ribonucleic acid
RNA polymerase
A two stage processing of info encoded in dna to produce prot…
The information in dna for making a protein is transferred to…
A nucleic acid that is single stranded,contains the sugar rib…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary tms nucleotides
Gene expression
A two stage processing of info encoded in dna to produce prot…
Transcrption
The information in dna for making a protein is transferred to…
80 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Medication Classifications
Analgesic
Anesthetic
Analgesic (narcotic/opioid)
Analgesic/antipyretic
relieves pain
Used to produce local anesthesia through loss of feeling to a…
Used to manage moderate to severe pain. Work by altering perc…
Used to manage moderate to severe pain of tension headaches.…
Analgesic
relieves pain
Anesthetic
Used to produce local anesthesia through loss of feeling to a…
406 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Jean Inman Domain 1
when you check the overrun you are c…
Overrun
Which recipe ingredient should be adju…
Why do egg whites beat more easily a…
A. excess stock in the storeroom... B. surplus soap and rinse a…
The amount of air pushed into the ice cream while it is being…
A. milk... B. flour... C. sugar * mallard reaction/browning... D. b…
A. pH is decreased... B. protein is denatured (done when heated…
when you check the overrun you are c…
A. excess stock in the storeroom... B. surplus soap and rinse a…
Overrun
The amount of air pushed into the ice cream while it is being…
14 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Cancer
Enzymes
Cancer
Contact inhabitation
Tumors
Control progress of the cell cycle, can also inhibit the prog…
Uncontrolled dividing of cells
Method of communication between cells
Masses of cancer cells that deprive normal cells of nutrientd
Enzymes
Control progress of the cell cycle, can also inhibit the prog…
Cancer
Uncontrolled dividing of cells
28 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Chapter 12
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Science Test 5
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Ribosome
Lysosomes
Contains DNA. Controls cell functions.
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Produce proteins
Contain enzymes that breakdown fatty acids
Nucleus
Contains DNA. Controls cell functions.
Cell Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
DNA, RNA, And Protein synthesis
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base-pairing rules
DNA replication
a virus that infects bacteria
structural unit of a nucleic acid
DNA: A=T C=G RNA: A=U C=G
process by which a double stranded DNA molecule is copied to…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria
nucleotide
structural unit of a nucleic acid
13 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 14 Review
Urey and Miller
microspheres
chemosynthesis
spontaneous generation
created an experiment that represented early earth and wanted…
protein molecules organized as a membrane... -can take in materi…
CO2 serves as a carbon source for the assemble of organic mol…
belief that life could form from NONLIVING MATTER (ex: maggot…
Urey and Miller
created an experiment that represented early earth and wanted…
microspheres
protein molecules organized as a membrane... -can take in materi…
93 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Midterm
Biology means
The seven steps of scientific method are
A hypothesis is __________... It is state…
The subjects i an experiment should al…
The study of life
1. State the problem... 2. State the hypothesis... 3. Design a cont…
An educated guess about what you think will happen... If/then
The same
Biology means
The study of life
The seven steps of scientific method are
1. State the problem... 2. State the hypothesis... 3. Design a cont…
32 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Bio - Chapter Ten
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
a disease causing strain of bacteria
the transfer of genetic material from one cell to another fro…
viruses that infect bacteria, or just phages
repeating subunits that make up a strand of DNA
virulent
a disease causing strain of bacteria
transformation
the transfer of genetic material from one cell to another fro…
28 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Human Anatomy Semester 1 Study Guide
Physiology
Anatomy
positive feedback systems
negative feedback
The study of the function of the body and body parts
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
operate in a way that the initial stimulus is enhanced and in…
reduces or decreases the initial stimuli
Physiology
The study of the function of the body and body parts
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
14 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology POGIL DNA structure Eileen
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
What kind of sugar is found in a nucle…
Which nucleotide component contains ni…
4 nitrogen bases
Phosphate, deoxyribose sugar, nitrogen containing base
Deoxyribose
Base
Adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
Phosphate, deoxyribose sugar, nitrogen containing base
What kind of sugar is found in a nucle…
Deoxyribose
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
cell organelle quiz
cell wall
cell membrane
vacuole
nucleus
rigid structure that gives support to a plant
a barrier that encloses and protects the cell
stores liquid in a cell
large, stores DNA
cell wall
rigid structure that gives support to a plant
cell membrane
a barrier that encloses and protects the cell
18 termscreated on January 16, 2017
ch 12 vocab
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomers of nucleic acid made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can from only between adenine and…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
6 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 12 Vocabulary !!
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Base Pairing
Replication
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Kind of virus that infects bacteria
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Bacteriophage
Kind of virus that infects bacteria
23 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology C3 Final Semester
Inorganic molecules
Organic molecules
Carbohydrates use
Carbohydrates contents
Molecules that do not contain carbon
Molecules that contain carbon
Short term energy
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... 2 to 1 ratio of hydrogen to oxygen
Inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon
Organic molecules
Molecules that contain carbon
34 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Mitosis and Meiosis
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Cell cycle
Interphase
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
Continuous sequence of growth (interphase) and division (mito…
Cell growth phase where a cell increases in size, carries on…
Chromosomes
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Chromatin
Long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
61 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology midterm review
Homeostasis
Inference
Hypothesis
What are the 3 base units in the metri…
The process by which organisms keep their internal conditions…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experien…
Is a scientific explanation based on a set of observations.
Length= meter... Mass= gram... Liquid= liter
Homeostasis
The process by which organisms keep their internal conditions…
Inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experien…
53 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Cells
What is not a function of a cell membr…
What are three functions of a cell mem…
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
It positions organelles
It supports and shapes the cell, it assists in cell division…
it stores most of the genetic information of a cell
helps in the production of proteins and lipids. transports ma…
What is not a function of a cell membr…
It positions organelles
What are three functions of a cell mem…
It supports and shapes the cell, it assists in cell division…
20 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 14: Biotechnology and Genomics
vector
restrictive enzyme
DNA ligase
Polymerase Chain Reaction
transfer foreign DNA into host cell (plasmid)
cleaves DNA forming "sticky ends"
seals DNA intro restrictive enzyme opening
copies single gene or DNA in a test tube and amplifies, requi…
vector
transfer foreign DNA into host cell (plasmid)
restrictive enzyme
cleaves DNA forming "sticky ends"
16 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Anatomy medical terms- 1st set
a-
ab-
-ad-
adipo-
Not, without
From, away
To, toward
Fat
a-
Not, without
ab-
From, away
21 termscreated on January 16, 2017
3.2c Carcinogenesis
What is the function of tumor suppress…
What are the two classic tumor suppres…
What is the function of p53?
What are the two possible outcomes of…
regulate cell growth
1. p53... 2. retinoblastoma (Rb)
Regulates the progression from G1 to S phase
1. repair DNA (via upregulating DNA repair enzymes)... 2. induce…
What is the function of tumor suppress…
regulate cell growth
What are the two classic tumor suppres…
1. p53... 2. retinoblastoma (Rb)
18 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Cell Quiz
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
No nucleus; single celled organisms; considered alive
Nucleus
Cell membrane; protects cell; allows for passage in and out o…
Anything that's inside of the cell; fluid and orgnaelles
Prokaryotic
No nucleus; single celled organisms; considered alive
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
50 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Human Science Prefixes & Suffixes
A, an
Ab
Ad, af
Amphi
Without ... Abyss
Away from... Abnormal
Near, toward... Adrenal
Both ... Amphibious
A, an
Without ... Abyss
Ab
Away from... Abnormal
28 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biomolecules
Biomolecules
Monosaccharides
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Amino Acids
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids are the fo…
Monomers or building blocks of carbohydrates are ____.
Monomers or building blocks of lipids are ____.
Monomers or building blocks of proteins are ____.
Biomolecules
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids are the fo…
Monosaccharides
Monomers or building blocks of carbohydrates are ____.
22 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Kinetics Exam 1 Terms
CYP (alkyls)
transferase
dehydrogenase
CYP (ether)
Enzyme facilitating a hydroxylation reaction
Enzyme facilitating conjugation in phase II reactions
Enzyme facilitating an oxidation reaction
Enzyme facilitating an O-dealkylation reaction
CYP (alkyls)
Enzyme facilitating a hydroxylation reaction
transferase
Enzyme facilitating conjugation in phase II reactions
79 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Pharmacology Drug Classifications 2
analgesic
anesthetic
antacid
antidepressant
agent that relieves pain without causing loss of consciousnes…
produces lack of feeling either local or general depending up…
neutralizes acid (Amphojel, Gelusil, Mylanta, Milk of Magnesia)
prevents or relieves symptoms of depression (Tofranil, Marpla…
analgesic
agent that relieves pain without causing loss of consciousnes…
anesthetic
produces lack of feeling either local or general depending up…
65 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 15 - The Digestive System
Ingestion
Propulsion
Peristalsis
Mechanical Digestion
process of taking food into the digestive tract, usually thro…
process that moves food through the alimentary canal; include…
the contraction of smooth muscles in the digestive organs
physically prepares food for digestion; includes chewing food…
Ingestion
process of taking food into the digestive tract, usually thro…
Propulsion
process that moves food through the alimentary canal; include…
582 termscreated on January 16, 2017
MCAT Psych/Soc (The Princeton Review) Glossary
absolute poverty
acculturation
acetylcholine (ACh)
acetylcholinesterase
the inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, in…
a process that occurs when one group adopts the behavior and…
the neurotransmitter used at the neuromuscular junction, thro…
the enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft
absolute poverty
the inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, in…
acculturation
a process that occurs when one group adopts the behavior and…
39 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Pharmacology
Adverse drug reaction
Adverse effect
Agonist
Allergic reaction
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
Any undesirable effects that are a direct response to ≥ 1 dru…
A drug that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or mo…
An immunologic hypersensitivity reaction resulting from the u…
Adverse drug reaction
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
Adverse effect
Any undesirable effects that are a direct response to ≥ 1 dru…
153 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Patho Unit 1
Cellular Adaption
Cells change to
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Adapt to new environment, escape, or protect themselves
adapt to a new environment ... escape... protect themselves
decrease in cell size
increase in the mass of cells
Cellular Adaption
Adapt to new environment, escape, or protect themselves
Cells change to
adapt to a new environment ... escape... protect themselves
8 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Enzymes (2.5)
enzymes
function of enzymes
substrate
active site
usually proteins, biological catalysts
speed up (catalyze) biological reactions by increasing the nu…
molecule which enzyme reacts with
site where specific substrates bind--specific to an enzyme
enzymes
usually proteins, biological catalysts
function of enzymes
speed up (catalyze) biological reactions by increasing the nu…
43 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Trident Tech BIO 102 test 1
Taxonoy
Taxon
Systematics
Phylogeny
The science of classifying organisms
Classification level
The scientific study of the diversity of organisms and their…
Ancestral history
Taxonoy
The science of classifying organisms
Taxon
Classification level
59 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Bio Midterm 2017
Primary Productivity
Limiting Factors (terrestrial)
Limiting Factors (aquatic)
Eutrophication
The amount of light energy converted into chemical energy
temperature, level of moisture, sunlight, water, nitrogen, ph…
minerals/nutrients, sunlight
The process by which a body of water becomes enriched in diss…
Primary Productivity
The amount of light energy converted into chemical energy
Limiting Factors (terrestrial)
temperature, level of moisture, sunlight, water, nitrogen, ph…
6 termscreated on January 16, 2017
LIST 3 - Drug Classification (Cardiac-Histamine)
Cardiac Glycosides/... Cardiotonics
Cholinergic
Cholesterol lowering agents
Digestants,... Digestive enzymes
ACTION: Makes the heart beat stronger and slower. Used to tre…
ACTION: Causes contraction of the bladder to relieve urinary…
ACTION: Also known as antilipemic agents. Used to treat high…
ACTION: Promote digestion of food by replacing enzymes that a…
Cardiac Glycosides/... Cardiotonics
ACTION: Makes the heart beat stronger and slower. Used to tre…
Cholinergic
ACTION: Causes contraction of the bladder to relieve urinary…
40 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology Unit 4 Study Guide
genetic code
complementary
antiparallel
polymerase
The information encoded within the genetic material that can…
The relationship between two strands of DNA when their base p…
DNA's backbones are antiparallel
An enzyme that adds new nucleotides to the parental strands o…
genetic code
The information encoded within the genetic material that can…
complementary
The relationship between two strands of DNA when their base p…
16 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 5 Flashcards
Activation energy
Active transport
diffusion
endocytosis
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Diffusion refers to the process by which molecules intermingl…
the taking in of matter by a living cell by invagination of i…
Activation energy
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
Active transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
25 termscreated on January 16, 2017
cells and heredity chapter one
cell
cell theory
microscope
multicellular
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
consisting of many cells
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
cell theory
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
80 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 8 - Special Senses
Accessory Eye Structors
Medial and Lateral Commissure (Canthus)
Eyelashes
Tarsal Glands
Eye muscles, eyelids, conjunctiva, lacrimal apparatus
Corners of the eye where the eyelids meet
Project from the border of each eyelid
On the eyelid edges; secrete oil to lubricate the eye
Accessory Eye Structors
Eye muscles, eyelids, conjunctiva, lacrimal apparatus
Medial and Lateral Commissure (Canthus)
Corners of the eye where the eyelids meet
80 termscreated on January 16, 2017
HTHS 2230 Module 1
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
decrease in cell size
increase in the mass of cells
increase in the number of cells
an adaptive substitution to a different "hardier" cell line
Atrophy
decrease in cell size
Hypertrophy
increase in the mass of cells
22 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 18: Viruses and Prokaryotes
Virus
Pathogen
Viroid
Prion
Infectious particle made only of a strand of either DNA or RN…
Agent that causes disease.
Infectious particle made of single-stranded RNA without a pro…
Infectious agent that consists of a protein fragment that can…
Virus
Infectious particle made only of a strand of either DNA or RN…
Pathogen
Agent that causes disease.
34 termscreated on January 16, 2017
DNA!!!! GENETICS!!!! REPRODUCTION!!!
Transformation
Miescher
Pneumonia
Virus
The change in an organism's genotype by taking in foreign gen…
The person that discovered DNA was ________
Griffith experimented with types of _________ bacteria and di…
A nonliving infectious particle composed of nucleic acids wit…
Transformation
The change in an organism's genotype by taking in foreign gen…
Miescher
The person that discovered DNA was ________
10 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology 6.4 Vocabulary
Nuclear Envelops
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Ribosome
The double layered membrane that surrounds the cells nucleus.
A ball like mass of fibers and granules in a cells nucleus th…
A cellular organelle that modifies, packages, stores, and rou…
Organelle consisting of a cluster of proteins and nucleus aci…
Nuclear Envelops
The double layered membrane that surrounds the cells nucleus.
Nucleolus
A ball like mass of fibers and granules in a cells nucleus th…
41 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Quiz 1
primary injury
secondary injury
secondary injury includes
three components causes secondary injury
ex. ATF harmed in ankle sprain. not much we can do
we can influence the severity of secondary injury
edema, ecchymosis, and pain
a blockage of oxygen (ischemia), enzymatic damage, and mitoch…
primary injury
ex. ATF harmed in ankle sprain. not much we can do
secondary injury
we can influence the severity of secondary injury
23 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Bio Final
define an independent variable
define a dependent variable
what is ionic bonding?
what is covalent bonding?
the thing that stays the same
the thing you are measuring
when electrons are transferred creating ions that attract eac…
when atoms share electrons
define an independent variable
the thing that stays the same
define a dependent variable
the thing you are measuring
173 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Mid-term G8-1 2016-17
Lipids
Fibre
Starvation
Obese
For long term energy
Keeps you full and food moving in your gut
An extreme case of eating not enough food
When someone is overweight from eating too much of food that…
Lipids
For long term energy
Fibre
Keeps you full and food moving in your gut
46 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Lab Exam 1
GnRH
CRH
TRH
ADH
gonadotropin releasing hormone
corticotropin releasing hormone
thyrotropin releasing hormone
Antidiuretic hormone
GnRH
gonadotropin releasing hormone
CRH
corticotropin releasing hormone
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