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Study sets matching "enzymes"

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Study sets matching "enzymes"

5 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Organisation and digestive system
Tissue
Unicellular and simple multicellular c…
Pancreas
Organ systems
A group of cells with similar structure and function working…
Organisms which carry out all exchange across cell membranes.
Makes hormones to control blood sugar and enzymes to digest f…
Groups of organs that work together to perform specific funct…
Tissue
A group of cells with similar structure and function working…
Unicellular and simple multicellular c…
Organisms which carry out all exchange across cell membranes.
5 termscreated on December 4, 2016
metabolism
regulated enzymes
irreversible reactions?
reaction when NAD is reduced?
products of glycoloysis
hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, pyruvate kinase
glucose --> glucose 6 phosphate... fructose 6 phosphate --> fruc…
Glyceraldehyde 3P --> 1-3,bisphosphoglycerate
2ATP, 2NADH
regulated enzymes
hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, pyruvate kinase
irreversible reactions?
glucose --> glucose 6 phosphate... fructose 6 phosphate --> fruc…
21 termscreated on December 4, 2016
GI
Cholecystokinin (CCK) and Secretin
Gastrin, CCK, secretin
Acetylcholine
Secretin
Regulation of pH... Regulatory hormones responsive to negative f…
responsible for release of large quantities of pancreatic enz…
secreted by parasympathetic, vagal, and cholinergic nerve end…
Stimulated by a drop in pH less than 4.5
Cholecystokinin (CCK) and Secretin
Regulation of pH... Regulatory hormones responsive to negative f…
Gastrin, CCK, secretin
responsible for release of large quantities of pancreatic enz…
65 termscreated on December 4, 2016
B2 AQA GCSE
What does the nucleus do
Use of cytoplasm ...
Cell membrane ...
Mitochondria ...
Controls the activities of the cell
Where most of the chemical reactions take place
Controls the passage of substances into and out of the cell
Where most energy is released in respiration
What does the nucleus do
Controls the activities of the cell
Use of cytoplasm ...
Where most of the chemical reactions take place
28 termscreated on December 4, 2016
B2-1: Cells, Tissues, Organs
nucleus
cytoplasm
cell membrane
mitochondria
controls cell activities
many chemical reactions take place
controls movement of materials in and out of cell
where energy is released during aerobic respiration
nucleus
controls cell activities
cytoplasm
many chemical reactions take place
93 termscreated on December 4, 2016
009 by VoiceTube
mouth
understand
london
waive
嘴,口,口腔,口狀物(vi.)裝腔作勢說話,高聲地說話(vt.)說出,做作地說
(vt.)瞭解,領會,聞知,懂,理解(vi.)懂得,認為
倫敦
(vt.)免除,放棄,推遲考慮,丟棄
mouth
嘴,口,口腔,口狀物(vi.)裝腔作勢說話,高聲地說話(vt.)說出,做作地說
understand
(vt.)瞭解,領會,聞知,懂,理解(vi.)懂得,認為
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 20: Sedative-Hypnotics, Anxiolytics, and Anticonvulsants
Sedative-Hypnotic
Alcohol and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
Glutamate vs. GABA
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Lower doses of these drugs have a psychologic calming effect,…
The enzymes associated with the metabolic pathway of alcohol
Primary excitatory neurotransmitter vs. primary inhibitory ne…
Loss of muscle coordination, loss of learning and memory
Sedative-Hypnotic
Lower doses of these drugs have a psychologic calming effect,…
Alcohol and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
The enzymes associated with the metabolic pathway of alcohol
13 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Science - DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
structural proteins and enzymes
Proteins that build the body
They speed up chemical reactions in ce…
What does DNA stand for?
What are the two types of proteins?
What are structural proteins?
what are enzymes?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What does DNA stand for?
structural proteins and enzymes
What are the two types of proteins?
35 termscreated on December 4, 2016
lipids
lipids
triglyceride
Head (triglyceride)
Tail (triglyceride)
Fats
glycerol c3h8o3
*3... fatty acid... energy
lipids
Fats
triglyceride
20 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Verdauung
Was ist Amylase?
Was ist Pepsin?
Beschreiben Sie die Vorgänge im Magen.
Wo im Verdauungskanal werden Stoffe de…
Amylase ist ein kohlenhydratspaltendes Enzym z. B. aus dem Mu…
Pepsin ist das Enzym im Magen, das Proteine in größere Bruchs…
1. Denaturierung der Eiweiße -> dadurch werden Krankheitserre…
Eiweiße werden im Magen mit Hilfe von Salzsäure denaturiert.
Was ist Amylase?
Amylase ist ein kohlenhydratspaltendes Enzym z. B. aus dem Mu…
Was ist Pepsin?
Pepsin ist das Enzym im Magen, das Proteine in größere Bruchs…
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Frog Anatomy
External nares
Tympanic Membrane
Nictitating Membrane
Eustachian Tube Openings
Anterior openings for the entry or exit of air
The eardrum - receives sound waves
A transparent part of a frog's lower eyelid that moves over t…
Openings in the mouth that lead to tubes that connect to the…
External nares
Anterior openings for the entry or exit of air
Tympanic Membrane
The eardrum - receives sound waves
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Pox virus
enveloped:... location:... nucleic acid: ... cl…
size and what enzymes?
genes at ends?
what genes are essential and shared by…
enveloped: yes... location: cytoplasm... nucleic acid: DNA... class: 1…
-large... -replication enzymes
-virulence/immune invasion... -nonessential
central genes
enveloped:... location:... nucleic acid: ... cl…
enveloped: yes... location: cytoplasm... nucleic acid: DNA... class: 1…
size and what enzymes?
-large... -replication enzymes
12 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Amino acids facts
Chiral C
Alpha
Natural
Properties
All except glycine (R = H)
Nh2 and co2h attached to same C
Enzymes... 1 optical isomer
Acidic/basic
Chiral C
All except glycine (R = H)
Alpha
Nh2 and co2h attached to same C
36 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Bacterial Pneumonia
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Streptococcus pneumoniae
C-reactive protein
Amidase
Lancet shaped
Quellung reaction
Useful diagnostic test for inflammatory disease
Autolytic enzyme in the cellwall
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Lancet shaped
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Quellung reaction
54 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Respi Compiled
Catarrhal Stage
Streptococcus pmeumoniae
0.1mg/kg
Viridans streptococci
Most communicable stage in Pertussis
Lancet shaped gram (+) cocci in short chains or pairs
Lethal dose of C. diphtheriae
1st microbial agent that appears in the mouth and pharynx wit…
Catarrhal Stage
Most communicable stage in Pertussis
Streptococcus pmeumoniae
Lancet shaped gram (+) cocci in short chains or pairs
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Penicillins
To what classification of drug does pe…
Define beta-lactamase.
What are penicillin-binding proteins (…
What are transpeptidases?
Beta-lactams.
Beta-lactamase is a bacterial enzyme that hydrolyzes the amid…
Penicillin-binding proteins are enzymes that are involved in…
Transpeptidases are bacterial enzymes responsible for cross-l…
To what classification of drug does pe…
Beta-lactams.
Define beta-lactamase.
Beta-lactamase is a bacterial enzyme that hydrolyzes the amid…
29 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Ingredients
Vitamin a
Amino acids
Salicylic acid
Titanium dioxide
Antioxidant, fights free radical damage
A protien that strengthens and improves the health of the skin
Beta hydroxy acid. Best for oily skin
Absorbs reflects and scatters uv light
Vitamin a
Antioxidant, fights free radical damage
Amino acids
A protien that strengthens and improves the health of the skin
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Sciences Bio chap 1
Cytosquelette
cytosquelette
cytosquelette
Mitochondrie
Squelette de la cellule animale
Contrôle la forme de la cellule, permet le déplacement de la…
3 types de filaments: filaments intermédiaires, micro tubules…
Centrale énergétique de la cellule végétale et animal
Cytosquelette
Squelette de la cellule animale
cytosquelette
Contrôle la forme de la cellule, permet le déplacement de la…
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
4 - Mucoviscidose: apect moléculaire
Type de transport fait par CFTR
Rôle du CFTR
Diagnostique de la MV
Pourquoi la sueur est salée chez les p…
Transport passif de Cl-
Régulateur des transports ioniques de Cl-, Na+ et HCO3-
Test de la sueur; stimulation de la sueur et du CFTR dans can…
Absorption de sel (NaCl) est réduite à cause du manque d'acti…
Type de transport fait par CFTR
Transport passif de Cl-
Rôle du CFTR
Régulateur des transports ioniques de Cl-, Na+ et HCO3-
56 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Pharma 3
150 pound
Age
Physiological factors
Proteins
Recommended dosage of drug is targeted at a _______ _________…
Is a factor primarily in children and older adults
Acid-base balance, electrolyte balance, hydration
People can develop an allergy to a drug after exposure to its…
150 pound
Recommended dosage of drug is targeted at a _______ _________…
Age
Is a factor primarily in children and older adults
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
B3- PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
mRNA...
Proteins are made...
Ribosomes uses...
Proteins produced In a cell affect its…
Carries code fo ribosome. (Messenger)
In the cytoplasm
The code in DNA.
Functions
mRNA...
Carries code fo ribosome. (Messenger)
Proteins are made...
In the cytoplasm
63 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Midterms (Grade 9)
Biology
4 Characteristics of Life
The Scientific Method
Endothermic Reaction
The study of all living organisms.
Homeostasis, Reproduction, Stimuli, Growth
1. Make an observation ... 2. Form a question ... 3. Form a hypothe…
A reaction that absorbs energy.
Biology
The study of all living organisms.
4 Characteristics of Life
Homeostasis, Reproduction, Stimuli, Growth
42 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Pharmacology "endocrine drugs: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal disorders"
hormones secreted by the anterior pitu…
what does growth hormone (GH) do
drugs for growth hormone deficiency
drugs for growth hormone excess
growth hormones (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), aden…
stimulates growth in tissue and bone
somatrem, somatropin
bromocriptine
hormones secreted by the anterior pitu…
growth hormones (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), aden…
what does growth hormone (GH) do
stimulates growth in tissue and bone
19 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Unit 3: Macromolecules GUIDE
glucose
starch
store energy
monosaccharide
example of carb monomer
example of carb polymer
use of carbs
carb monomer name
glucose
example of carb monomer
starch
example of carb polymer
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology year 10
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Controls movement of the substances in and out of cells, prot…
Contains DNA instructions to produce proteins which control o…
Site of aerobic cellular respiration
Contains digestive enzymes for the destruction of unwanted ce…
Cell membrane
Controls movement of the substances in and out of cells, prot…
Nucleus
Contains DNA instructions to produce proteins which control o…
32 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Study Guide: How complex organisms acquire the energy and nutrients they need
How do the shapes of leaves change to…
How do the shapes of leaves change to…
What elements are essential for plant…
What is an example of a molecule that…
Leaves are wide and flat to maximize surface area.
Leaves are small and narrow
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen.
Amino Acids (NH2)
How do the shapes of leaves change to…
Leaves are wide and flat to maximize surface area.
How do the shapes of leaves change to…
Leaves are small and narrow
6 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Genetic engineering
Stage one
Stage two
Stage three
Stage four
Chromosome containing the insulin gene is extacted frkm a hum…
A plasmid is extracted from a bacterial cell and cut open usi…
Insulin gene is inserted into the plasmid using enzymes. The…
The plasmid is inserted back into the bacterial cell, which i…
Stage one
Chromosome containing the insulin gene is extacted frkm a hum…
Stage two
A plasmid is extracted from a bacterial cell and cut open usi…
13 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Cloning
Give two ways that plants can be cloned?
How does cuttings work?
What is the advantage of taking cuttin…
How does tissue culture work?
Plant cuttings, tissue culture.
Small parts of a plant are taken and grown in fertiliser with…
It is quick and cheap.
A few plant cells are grown in a growth medium with hormones…
Give two ways that plants can be cloned?
Plant cuttings, tissue culture.
How does cuttings work?
Small parts of a plant are taken and grown in fertiliser with…
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Organelles
Cilia
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope/membrane
Nucleoli
Moves substance along cell surface
Control center
Double membrane barrier
Ribosomes assemble here
Cilia
Moves substance along cell surface
Nucleus
Control center
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Science Exam BIOLOGY
Animal cells
Plant cells
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
Diffusion
Multiple large vacuoles, only cell membrane
Chloroplasts, cell wall, large central vacuole
the random movement of molecules towards areas with lower con…
Animal cells
Multiple large vacuoles, only cell membrane
Plant cells
Chloroplasts, cell wall, large central vacuole
216 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology 121 Exam 5
What molecule is a link between genoty…
Gerrod
Beadle and Tatum
one gene one enzyme hypothesis -> ____…
proteins
1909- first to say genes dictate phenotype through enzymes th…
established link between genes and enzymes, one gene one enzy…
1. one gene one protein... 2. one gene one polypeptide
What molecule is a link between genoty…
proteins
Gerrod
1909- first to say genes dictate phenotype through enzymes th…
8 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Suffix
-ago/-igo
-ase
-ellus/-illus
-iasis
krankhafte Aktivität
Enzym
klein Verkleinerung
Krankheitszustand
-ago/-igo
krankhafte Aktivität
-ase
Enzym
47 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 11 Adaptions to Aerobic and Anaerobic Training
Cardio-respiratory endurance
Endurance training
Major cardiovascular changes
Blood volume
ability to sustain prolonged, dynamic exercise... -improvements…
increased maximal endurance capacity = increased VO2 max
1. blood volume... 2. heart size... 3. stroke volume... 4. HR... 5. cardi…
increases rapidly within the first 2 weeks... -more plasma prote…
Cardio-respiratory endurance
ability to sustain prolonged, dynamic exercise... -improvements…
Endurance training
increased maximal endurance capacity = increased VO2 max
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 11: Definitions
heart size
stroke volume
resting HR
submaximal HR
w/ training, heart mass and lung volume increase... volume loadi…
increases after training... plasma volume increases w/ training,…
decreaes... increased parasympathetic, decreased sympathetic act…
decreased HR for same absolute intensity... more noticeable at h…
heart size
w/ training, heart mass and lung volume increase... volume loadi…
stroke volume
increases after training... plasma volume increases w/ training,…
48 termscreated on December 4, 2016
IRCH Thibodeau & Patton, Ch. 3
apoptosis
centromere
chondrocyte
chromatid
programmed death of a cell
beadlike structure binding chromatids in early mitosis
a cell of cartilage
either of 2 replicated chromatin (DNA) strands w/i the chromo…
apoptosis
programmed death of a cell
centromere
beadlike structure binding chromatids in early mitosis
21 termscreated on December 4, 2016
2.4 Proteins
Amino acids are linked together.......…
how many different amino acids?
what is the amino acid sequence coded…
Transcription
by condensation
20
genes
making an mRNA transcript based on a DNA template (occurs wit…
Amino acids are linked together.......…
by condensation
how many different amino acids?
20
70 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Physiology Exam 6/Final
The type of motility where smooth musc…
Most digestion takes place where in th…
The bacterium that is associated with…
The process of moving substances from…
segmental contractions
small intestine
H. pylori
absorption
The type of motility where smooth musc…
segmental contractions
Most digestion takes place where in th…
small intestine
165 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Lab Practical Review (Crosswords)
This modification often occurs in the…
A stem modification that stores starch…
The last section of the small intestin…
The lungs allow this essential gas dif…
Succulence
Corm
Ileum
Oxygen
This modification often occurs in the…
Succulence
A stem modification that stores starch…
Corm
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MS lab values
Creatinine
CDI
Hip precautions
Knee precautions
Kidney function
Clean dry intact
Knees equal to lower than hips, don't bend at waist,sit with…
...
Creatinine
Kidney function
CDI
Clean dry intact
9 terms
created on December 4, 2016
Genetics
fragment dna into small pieces
isolate and amplify
sequence the DNa fragments
Reconstructing
Restriction Enzyme
molecular cloning, recombinant DNA, transformation
The sanger Method... the protocol and type of date
putting the pieces back together
fragment dna into small pieces
Restriction Enzyme
isolate and amplify
molecular cloning, recombinant DNA, transformation
8 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chemolithotrophs .
Hydrogen Oxidizers
Sulfur Oxidizers (colorless)
reverse electron flow
Foward electron flow
• Oxidize hydrogen gas (H2)... • Use hydrogenase enzyme... • H2 + ½…
Oxidize sulfur compounds... • Donor: sulfur (S0), hydrogen sulfi…
to make NADH for biosynthesis, needs PMF, and the protons are…
to make ATP and PMF, protons are being moved across membrane…
Hydrogen Oxidizers
• Oxidize hydrogen gas (H2)... • Use hydrogenase enzyme... • H2 + ½…
Sulfur Oxidizers (colorless)
Oxidize sulfur compounds... • Donor: sulfur (S0), hydrogen sulfi…
157 termscreated on December 4, 2016
205 final
1. The energy released by oxidizing gl…
2.Sugars derived from food are broken…
3.Which of the following describes a b…
4.Which of the following locations is…
B. ATP and other activated carrier molecules.
C. Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosporyla…
catabolism
the cytosol
1. The energy released by oxidizing gl…
B. ATP and other activated carrier molecules.
2.Sugars derived from food are broken…
C. Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosporyla…
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Endocrinology 22
Insulinoma
Signs/symtpoms
Tests
Treatment
tumor in the pancreas that produces too much insulin.
Sweating... rapid heart rate... anxiety... hunger... cloudy vision... confus…
Low blood glucose... high insulin... high c peptide... CT/MRI... Ultraso…
Surgery... Diazoxide to lower insulin... Water pill... Octreotide
Insulinoma
tumor in the pancreas that produces too much insulin.
Signs/symtpoms
Sweating... rapid heart rate... anxiety... hunger... cloudy vision... confus…
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Glycolysis
What is glycogenesis?
What is glycogenolysis?
What is glycolysis?
What is gluconeogenesis?
Formation of glycogen stimulated by insulin
Breakdown of glycogen stimulated by glucagon and adrenaline
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Formation of glucose from fatty/amino acids
What is glycogenesis?
Formation of glycogen stimulated by insulin
What is glycogenolysis?
Breakdown of glycogen stimulated by glucagon and adrenaline
12 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Les mutations de l'ADN à l'origine de la variabilité génétique
I Origine des mutations... a) Les mutatio…
Les 3 types de mutations ?
Comment peuvent être ces différents ty…
Où se produise ces modifications ?
Un mutation est une modification rare, spontanée et aléatoire…
par substitution : remplacement d'un ou plusieurs nucléotides…
Ces différents types de mutation peuvent être des mutations p…
Ces modifications spontanées se produisent dans toute la molé…
I Origine des mutations... a) Les mutatio…
Un mutation est une modification rare, spontanée et aléatoire…
Les 3 types de mutations ?
par substitution : remplacement d'un ou plusieurs nucléotides…
34 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Lecture 2 Chapter 3
Carbon
Macromolecule Classes
Polymers
Monomers
Makes up life on Earth, organic.
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Made up of repeating subunits called monomers
The building blocks of polymers and are linked together by co…
Carbon
Makes up life on Earth, organic.
Macromolecule Classes
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
32 termscreated on December 4, 2016
微生物/生理/生物工程
bacteria
sulfur
nutrient
catalyst
细菌
养分
催化剂
bacteria
细菌
sulfur
65 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chp 17 Metabolism: An Overview
1. All are characteristics of metaboli…
Most organisms show ____ in their majo…
Which of the following statements is t…
Likely the most ancient of the metabol…
D. a free-flow unregulated process
A. marked similarity
B. catabolic pathways use a wide variety of substrates to pro…
D. glycolysis.
1. All are characteristics of metaboli…
D. a free-flow unregulated process
Most organisms show ____ in their majo…
A. marked similarity
8 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Carbohydrates
Disaccharides
Maltose
Cellubiose
Lactose
Cx(H₂O)x-₁
(1, 4-α-diglucose)... - common sweeter... - common sugar in beer (d…
(1,4-β-diglucose) ... - degradation product of cellulose ... - cann…
β-D-galactopyranosyl-α-D-glucopyranoside... - galactose + glucos…
Disaccharides
Cx(H₂O)x-₁
Maltose
(1, 4-α-diglucose)... - common sweeter... - common sugar in beer (d…
72 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Final
Which of the following enzymes removes…
Which of the following DNA sequences i…
The DNA double helix is similar to a t…
In Griffith's transformation experimen…
A. DNA pol I
D. 5' ACTGACCAT 3'
B. alternating units of phosphate groups and sugars
C. mice infected with heat-killed S form and live R form caus…
Which of the following enzymes removes…
A. DNA pol I
Which of the following DNA sequences i…
D. 5' ACTGACCAT 3'
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