How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "epidemiology 1 nurs"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "epidemiology 1 nurs"

29 terms
Epidemiology in Nursing
Epidemiology is a specialized form of_…
Definition of Epidemiology
Goals of epidemiology
Hippocrates
-scientific research... -upon... -people... -knowledge
study of the distribution and determinants of states of healt…
to control health problems
1st epidemiologist... -Health influenced by personal characteri…
Epidemiology is a specialized form of_…
-scientific research... -upon... -people... -knowledge
Definition of Epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinants of states of healt…
Cox Quiz 1-Nursing Process & Epidemiology
Review 5 steps of Nursing Process
Community Assessment
DPH
Determinants of a community
Assessment... Diagnosis... Planning... Implementation... Evaluation... Docum…
Community Observation-windshield survey... Needs Assessment-inte…
Department of Public Health... (Sheriff's Dept for rural)... Has vi…
Aggregate of people, location-boundaries & geography, social…
Review 5 steps of Nursing Process
Assessment... Diagnosis... Planning... Implementation... Evaluation... Docum…
Community Assessment
Community Observation-windshield survey... Needs Assessment-inte…
28 terms
Epidemiology in Nursing
scientific research// a body of knowle…
the study of the distribution and dete…
personal characteristics, place and ti…
the "tools of epidemiology" used by co…
-Introduction to Epidemiology in Nursing-... -Offers community h…
-Definition of Epidemiology-... Definition of Epidemiology ???…
-History of Epidemiology-... Hippocrates (Fourth Century B.C.)…
-Basic Concepts in Epidemiology-... The basic concepts are ____…
scientific research// a body of knowle…
-Introduction to Epidemiology in Nursing-... -Offers community h…
the study of the distribution and dete…
-Definition of Epidemiology-... Definition of Epidemiology ???…
45 terms
Epidemiology & Population Health Nursing
Epidemiology
Evolution of disease causation theory
Basic Epidemiologic Concepts
Causality
The study of the distribution & determinants of health-relate…
Sanitary era - Miasmas "bad air" theory... Bacteriologic (Commu…
-Causality... -Risk... -Rates of occurrence
Based on the idea that one event is the result of another eve…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution & determinants of health-relate…
Evolution of disease causation theory
Sanitary era - Miasmas "bad air" theory... Bacteriologic (Commu…
50 terms
Nurse 420 Epidemiology
Epidemilogic triad
Law of the few
Stickiness factor
Power of context
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
"virulence and mutability of agent"
"risk created by the environment"
Epidemilogic triad
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
Law of the few
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
19 terms
Epidemiology terms-Nursing 388
epidemiology
descriptive epidemiology
analytical epdiemiology
person-place-time model
study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
use person, place and time to describe disease patterns
examining complex relationships among determinants of disease…
epidemiologists use to investigate disease patterns (DESCRIPT…
epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
descriptive epidemiology
use person, place and time to describe disease patterns
59 terms
Public Health Nursing and Epidemiology
A scientific method by which data is s…
The conscientious and judicious use of…
What is the research method that is mo…
Epidemiology is the foundation of what?
Research
Evidence-based practice
Epidemiology
It is the foundation of evidence-based practice in public hea…
A scientific method by which data is s…
Research
The conscientious and judicious use of…
Evidence-based practice
50 terms
Nurse 420 Epidemiology
Epidemilogic triad
Law of the few
Stickiness factor
Power of context
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
"virulence and mutability of agent"
"risk created by the environment"
Epidemilogic triad
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
Law of the few
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
42 terms
Basics of Epidemiology in Nursing
Health
Nursing
Public Health
Epidemiology
State of complete physical/mental/social well being. Not just…
Protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abiliti…
System and social enterprise, a profession. A collection of m…
The study of the occurrence and distribution of health relate…
Health
State of complete physical/mental/social well being. Not just…
Nursing
Protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abiliti…
19 terms
Nurse 420 Epidemiology
What is epidemiology?
Medical sci/disease detectives (epidem…
Elements they look at (descriptive)
Public health vs medical
-THe study of distribution and determinant of states and even…
-THey work with Dr and labs and the pt/family to determine wh…
-Person 9age, race, sex)... -Place(where were they when they fir…
-PH: population, public service ethic (concerned for indiv, b…
What is epidemiology?
-THe study of distribution and determinant of states and even…
Medical sci/disease detectives (epidem…
-THey work with Dr and labs and the pt/family to determine wh…
11 terms
Community Nursing: Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Florence Nightingale
Using Population Based Data
Types of Epidemiological Investigations
Discipline that provides the structure for systematically stu…
First nurse epidemiologist and pioneered the use of statistic…
Rate: make comparisons between groups; used to describe event…
Descriptive: describes distribution of disease (prevalence);…
Epidemiology
Discipline that provides the structure for systematically stu…
Florence Nightingale
First nurse epidemiologist and pioneered the use of statistic…
50 terms
Nursing - epidemiology, disaster preparedness
Case fatality rate
Epidemic
Incidence
prevalence
The proportion of persons with a particular condition who die…
a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specif…
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence…
(epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the num…
Case fatality rate
The proportion of persons with a particular condition who die…
Epidemic
a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specif…
36 terms
Epidemiology 1
Case Report
Case Reports strengths
Case Reports weaknesses
Population/Cross-sectional survey
Study design with characteristics of single or series of case…
unique features of a common disease or describe features of r…
No comparison groups, inferences about causal nature of assoc…
Study design where members of population are assessed for bot…
Case Report
Study design with characteristics of single or series of case…
Case Reports strengths
unique features of a common disease or describe features of r…
12 terms
epidemiology and nursing practice
nurses use the principles of epidemiol…
risk
risk factors
when do you apply of the combination o…
1) enhance the clinical decision making process... 2)identify pe…
refers to the probability or likelihood that a health event w…
are those characteristics or events that have been shown to i…
during a health-risk appraisal
nurses use the principles of epidemiol…
1) enhance the clinical decision making process... 2)identify pe…
risk
refers to the probability or likelihood that a health event w…
19 terms
Epidemiology terms-Nursing 388
epidemiology
descriptive epidemiology
analytical epdiemiology
person-place-time model
study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
use person, place and time to describe disease patterns
examining complex relationships among determinants of disease…
epidemiologists use to investigate disease patterns (DESCRIPT…
epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
descriptive epidemiology
use person, place and time to describe disease patterns
14 terms
1. Epidemiology
Incidence rate
Prevalence rate
Incidence and Prevalence Rate Table
Mortality rate
# of NEW events/ # of total population "at risk"
# of TOTAL cases of disease/ # of total population "at risk"…
Prevalence will be affected as long as incidence is affected…
rate of death in a population at risk... * refers to only incide…
Incidence rate
# of NEW events/ # of total population "at risk"
Prevalence rate
# of TOTAL cases of disease/ # of total population "at risk"…
70 terms
Epidemiology/Prevention Community Nursing
Descriptive Study
Analytical Study
Motivational Interviewing
Motivation for Change Occurs when
a form of epidemiology that describes a disease according to…
a form of epidemiology that investigates causes and associati…
(Miller): client-centered communication style for eliciting b…
people perceive a discrepancy between where they are and wher…
Descriptive Study
a form of epidemiology that describes a disease according to…
Analytical Study
a form of epidemiology that investigates causes and associati…
45 terms
Community Nursing: Epidemiology and Disaster
Disaster
Multiple casualty
Mass Casualty
Primary agent
Any event that causes destruction and devastation that can't…
More than 2 and less than 100
more than 100
physical item that causes the damage
Disaster
Any event that causes destruction and devastation that can't…
Multiple casualty
More than 2 and less than 100
19 terms
Epidemiologic Applications in Nursing
How nurses use epidemiology
Applications of epidemiology in nursing
Basic concepts in epidemiology
Basic concepts in epidemiology: Web of…
Look at health and at disease causation & investigate how to…
Nurses are involved in activities related to primary, seconda…
EPIDEMIOLOGY: The study of the distribution (patterns of heal…
WEB OF CAUSALITY: recognizes the complex interrelationships o…
How nurses use epidemiology
Look at health and at disease causation & investigate how to…
Applications of epidemiology in nursing
Nurses are involved in activities related to primary, seconda…
18 terms
Epidemiology 1
Epidemiology
Etiology
What is the epidemiologic triad of a d…
Diseases can be transmitted
Epidemiology is the study of how disease is distributed in po…
Cause of a disease and the relevant risk factors—that is, fac…
Host, Vector, agent and Environment
Directly or indirectly
Epidemiology
Epidemiology is the study of how disease is distributed in po…
Etiology
Cause of a disease and the relevant risk factors—that is, fac…
45 terms
Epidemiology 1
Diagnostic Testing Uses
Population Screening
3 Earlies
Prevalence
Rule Out Disease... Rule In Disease... Assess patient progress and…
performed on samples of apparently-well people... secondary prev…
Early Detection... Early Diagnosis ... Early Treatment
percentage of people in the population with the disease
Diagnostic Testing Uses
Rule Out Disease... Rule In Disease... Assess patient progress and…
Population Screening
performed on samples of apparently-well people... secondary prev…
43 terms
Epidemiology - Exam 1
Chapter 3 / 4 End of chapter problems
Prevalence - Define + Formula
Incidence - Define + Formula
Crude mortality rate
Ch 3: 1, 2, 3, 6... Ch 4: 1, 2... Ch 4: 7, 11, 12 (wk2)... Ch 6: 3, 5
Number of affected persons present in the population at a spe…
The incidence rate is the number of new cases per population…
# of deaths from this year/ total pop at mid year
Chapter 3 / 4 End of chapter problems
Ch 3: 1, 2, 3, 6... Ch 4: 1, 2... Ch 4: 7, 11, 12 (wk2)... Ch 6: 3, 5
Prevalence - Define + Formula
Number of affected persons present in the population at a spe…
127 terms
(1) Foundations of Epidemiology
Basic Sciences... Clinical Sciences... Popul…
must know structure and function... (a&p…
focuses primarily on the care of indiv…
focuses primarily on the community rat…
What are the 3 categories of Epidemiology?
Describe Basic Sciences
Describe Clinical Medicine
Describe Population Medicine (Public Health)
Basic Sciences... Clinical Sciences... Popul…
What are the 3 categories of Epidemiology?
must know structure and function... (a&p…
Describe Basic Sciences
119 terms
Epidemiology Exam 1
Public Health
Public Health Professional
10 Great Public Health achievements 19…
Disciplines of Public Health
The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…
analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…
1. Vaccination... 2. Motor Safety... 3. Safer work places... 4. Contro…
- Basic sciences ... - Clinical sciences... - Public Health/communi…
Public Health
The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…
Public Health Professional
analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…
23 terms
Community Nursing: Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases
epidemiology defined
Florence Nightingale
Rate
Ratio
systematically studying the distribution and determinants of…
first nurse epidemiologist
comparisons between specific measurements used to describe an…
comparing one group with another
epidemiology defined
systematically studying the distribution and determinants of…
Florence Nightingale
first nurse epidemiologist
38 terms
Chapter 3: Epidemiology and Nursing Practice
Historical Beginnings
The Study of Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Three Central Elements of Health and D…
...
Natural fit for nursing because unlike many other professions…
The combination of three Greek words: epi ("upon"), demos ("p…
(1) Person: which groups of individuals are affected?... (2) Pla…
Historical Beginnings
...
The Study of Epidemiology
Natural fit for nursing because unlike many other professions…
36 terms
1 Epidemiology
What is Epidemiology
What are the assumptions that accompan…
What diseases are among the most commo…
What disease is the most common chroni…
The study of factors that determine the occurrence and distri…
-Human diseases don't occur at random or by chance... -Human dis…
Dental caries and periodontal disease are the two biggest thr…
Dental caries, This is a reason why epidemiology is important…
What is Epidemiology
The study of factors that determine the occurrence and distri…
What are the assumptions that accompan…
-Human diseases don't occur at random or by chance... -Human dis…
34 terms
Epidemiology 1
What is epidemiological transition?
What declines during epidemiological t…
What increases during epidemiological…
What population character changes affe…
The changes in the levels and causes of mortality
-Total mortality... -Infectious & Deficiency diseases
The relative role of chronic, non-communicable diseases such…
-biological... -environmental... -socioeconomic ... -technological... -cu…
What is epidemiological transition?
The changes in the levels and causes of mortality
What declines during epidemiological t…
-Total mortality... -Infectious & Deficiency diseases
28 terms
Application of Epidemiology to Community Health Nursing
How do nurses utilize basic methods in…
Sources of data for the Community Asse…
Local, state and federal
Archival
Nursing Process... Works as a detective... Detective searches for i…
-Is there a problem in the community?... -Complete the community…
Demographic data... Vital statistic data
Annual report... Newspapers... Transcripts... Minutes of public meeting
How do nurses utilize basic methods in…
Nursing Process... Works as a detective... Detective searches for i…
Sources of data for the Community Asse…
-Is there a problem in the community?... -Complete the community…
12 terms
Epidemiology Misc (Epidemiology Exam #1)
etiology
public health
efficacy
Walter Reed
the study of the causes of diseases
an organized effort aimed at reducing mortality and morbidity…
capacity for producing a desired result or effect; effectiven…
-United States Army doctor... -first to make association between…
etiology
the study of the causes of diseases
public health
an organized effort aimed at reducing mortality and morbidity…
48 terms
Epidemiology Exam 1
epidemiology
Iceberg concept
Endemic
Epidemic
the study of how health related states are distributed in pop…
the larger presence of a disease often goes unseen, unmeasure…
habitual presence of a disease in a region
excess of normal expectancy of a disease
epidemiology
the study of how health related states are distributed in pop…
Iceberg concept
the larger presence of a disease often goes unseen, unmeasure…
Ch. 3 Epidemiology and Nursing Practice
Epidemiology
3 elements of epidemiology
John Snow
Disease mapping
study of disease; include the exam of factors that affect the…
person (groups affected), place (where affected), time (how l…
important name in epidemiology; founder of modern epidemiolog…
frequency distribution of number of deaths, location of death…
Epidemiology
study of disease; include the exam of factors that affect the…
3 elements of epidemiology
person (groups affected), place (where affected), time (how l…
20 terms
1. Epidemiology
What is epidemiology?
Epidemiology commonly uses statistics…
Data derived from epidemiology is used…
Who uses epidemiology?
Epidemiology is the study of the health of a population in or…
Birth rate, death rate, morbidity (incidence and prevalence)…
Identify trends, compare populations, identify priorities, al…
Consumers, health providers (e.g. GP's) and government (Dept.…
What is epidemiology?
Epidemiology is the study of the health of a population in or…
Epidemiology commonly uses statistics…
Birth rate, death rate, morbidity (incidence and prevalence)…
97 terms
Epidemiology 1
Public Health
Epidemiology
Health
Observational epidemiology
Science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and pr…
The study of the distribution, determinants and dynamics of a…
The state of complete physical and social well being and not…
Determine causality in situations where experimentation canno…
Public Health
Science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and pr…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution, determinants and dynamics of a…
31 terms
Epidemiology 1
Population
Clue
Epidemiology
Disease Distribution
All the people in the particular group
Something that helps to solve a mystery or problem
The study of how and why diseases or health related condition…
The pattern of how a sickness is spread out among a group of…
Population
All the people in the particular group
Clue
Something that helps to solve a mystery or problem
33 terms
Epidemiology 1
Epidemiology
Why study disease at population level?
Clinical medicine
John Snow
focus on disease at population level
Because individuals are complex, a range of factors may make…
treating individual patients
...
Epidemiology
focus on disease at population level
Why study disease at population level?
Because individuals are complex, a range of factors may make…
32 terms
Epidemiology 1
Attack rate
Case fatality rate
Epidemiology definition
Assumptions in Epi:
the proportion of (non-immune) people exposed to an infecti…
Percentage of ppl infected who died; also the inverse of the…
The systematic study of the distribution and *determinant…
- Disease occurrence is not random... - We can sometimes interve…
Attack rate
the proportion of (non-immune) people exposed to an infecti…
Case fatality rate
Percentage of ppl infected who died; also the inverse of the…
161 terms
Epidemiology 1
What is epidemiology?
Factors that influence patterns of dis…
By definition, a determinant of diseas…
Primary determinants
Epidemiology is defined as the study of patterns of health an…
determinants of disease or determinants of health
any factor that when altered produces a change in the frequen…
Have a major effect in inducing disease (example = rabies vir…
What is epidemiology?
Epidemiology is defined as the study of patterns of health an…
Factors that influence patterns of dis…
determinants of disease or determinants of health
19 terms
Epidemiology (1)
epidemiology
John Snow
Ignaz Semmelweis
Hippocrates
Study of the distribution and determinants of health-related…
"Father of Epidemiology" tried to slow spread of cholera in L…
Looked at child birth and the childbed fever; pioneered hand…
"Father of Medicine" coined epidemic and pandemic.
epidemiology
Study of the distribution and determinants of health-related…
John Snow
"Father of Epidemiology" tried to slow spread of cholera in L…
30 terms
Epidemiology 1
Carrier
Disease
Epidemic
Epidemiology
person or animal that harbors infectious agent
abnormal state in which part or all of the body is not proper…
occurence of more cases of disease other health conditions th…
study of the distribution and determinants of health conditions
Carrier
person or animal that harbors infectious agent
Disease
abnormal state in which part or all of the body is not proper…
38 terms
epidemiology 1
epidemiology: the study of the distrib…
health states
frequency
pattern
health states , events... control health problems
states of illness, death, infection or survivability
the number of occurences of an outcome within a given time pe…
the occurences of the outcomes in terms of person, place, tim…
epidemiology: the study of the distrib…
health states , events... control health problems
health states
states of illness, death, infection or survivability
23 terms
Epidemiology #1
Population at risk
Cumulative incidence
Infant death rate
Life expectancy
Chance of getting disease
Measure of disease over a period of time
Number of deaths of infants per 1,000 births
Measure of how long a person will live
Population at risk
Chance of getting disease
Cumulative incidence
Measure of disease over a period of time
60 terms
epidemiology 1
epidemiology
health
public health
objectives of epidemiology
The study of the determinants and distribution of disease
a state of complete physical, mental, social, emotional, envi…
the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life an…
1) describe extent of the disease. health status of populatio…
epidemiology
The study of the determinants and distribution of disease
health
a state of complete physical, mental, social, emotional, envi…
70 terms
Epidemiology 1
Absolute Risk
Accuracy (Validity)
Age-Adjusted Death Rate (Age-standardi…
Age-specific death rate
The probability that a person with stated characteristics wil…
The closeness with which a measurement approaches the true or…
The mortality rate of a population calculated for comparative…
The number of deaths occurring in a defined age group, per un…
Absolute Risk
The probability that a person with stated characteristics wil…
Accuracy (Validity)
The closeness with which a measurement approaches the true or…
13 terms
Epidemiology 1
Purpose for descriptive epidemiology
Draws statistical inference regarding…
Examine frequencies and patterns of ev…
Investigate factors that are associate…
Formulate hypotheses
Analytical Epidemiology
Distribution
Determinants
Purpose for descriptive epidemiology
Formulate hypotheses
Draws statistical inference regarding…
Analytical Epidemiology
56 terms
Epidemiology 1
Epidemiology
Attack Rate
Incidence Rate
Prevalence
Study of disease patterns in populations
Percentage of people who become ill in population AFTER the e…
Number of new cases/time/population... --> measure of risk of an…
total number of cases for a disease... _ at any time or for a sp…
Epidemiology
Study of disease patterns in populations
Attack Rate
Percentage of people who become ill in population AFTER the e…
62 terms
EPIDEMIOLOGY 1
Age- specific rate
Rate vs. Proportion
Endemic, pandemic, epidemic
Mortality vs. Morbidity
numer of cases per age group of population (during a specific…
Rate- differs from proportion because the denominator involve…
Epidemic- a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in…
Morbidity refers to the state of being diseased or unhealthy…
Age- specific rate
numer of cases per age group of population (during a specific…
Rate vs. Proportion
Rate- differs from proportion because the denominator involve…
109 terms
Epidemiology 1
Components of Total Daily Energy Expen…
METS of BMX/Mountain Biking
METS of Biking 10-20 mph
METS of Lifting
1. Basal Metabolic Rate... 2. Thermic Effect of Food... 3. Physical…
8.5
4-16
6
Components of Total Daily Energy Expen…
1. Basal Metabolic Rate... 2. Thermic Effect of Food... 3. Physical…
METS of BMX/Mountain Biking
8.5
86 terms
Epidemiology 1
Edward Jenner
Joseph Goldberger
Fred Soper
Jesse Lazear
Used cowpox vaccine against smallpox
Proved Pellagra was due to nutritional deficiency (vitamin B6…
General Patton of mosquito eradication
Discovered vector of transmission of yellow fever (mosquitoes…
Edward Jenner
Used cowpox vaccine against smallpox
Joseph Goldberger
Proved Pellagra was due to nutritional deficiency (vitamin B6…
71 terms
Epidemiology 1
Father of epidemiology
Passive Surveillance
Active Surveillance
Descriptive Epi
John Snow
Reliant on doctors or health organizations to report back ill…
Go into hospitals or clinics and physically go through record…
Person, place, time (sex, race, SES, geographical locations,…
Father of epidemiology
John Snow
Passive Surveillance
Reliant on doctors or health organizations to report back ill…
1 of 10