How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "epidemiology biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "epidemiology biology"

11 terms
Epidemiology biology
Incidence
Prevalence
Morbidity
Mortality
The number of new cases occurring over a specified time
The number of people who have a particular disease at a speci…
The proportion of the population who are ill with a particula…
The proportion of the population who die from a certain disea…
Incidence
The number of new cases occurring over a specified time
Prevalence
The number of people who have a particular disease at a speci…
11 terms
Biology F212: Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Incidence
Incidence rate
Mortality
The study of the occurrence, distribution and control of dise…
Number of new cases of a specific disease during a stated per…
Incidence divided by the number of people at risk in the popu…
Number of deaths from a specific cause during a stated time p…
Epidemiology
The study of the occurrence, distribution and control of dise…
Incidence
Number of new cases of a specific disease during a stated per…
46 terms
Biology Exam 5 Epidemiology
What is an epidemic?
What is a pandemic?
What are disease reservoirs?
What are the three different types of…
A disease outbreak in one place
A disease outbreak that crosses continents.
Sources of ongoing infections
-Human... -Animal... -Nonliving
What is an epidemic?
A disease outbreak in one place
What is a pandemic?
A disease outbreak that crosses continents.
6 terms
Biology Exam 2: Epidemiology
pathogens
bacteria
viruses
prions
disease-causing agents
single-celled prokaryotes that do not have a nucleus
bridge the gap between the living and the nonliving
infectious particles made strictly of proteins, cause a group…
pathogens
disease-causing agents
bacteria
single-celled prokaryotes that do not have a nucleus
30 terms
Biology 1010; Epidemiology
step one of SM
step two of SM
step three of SM
step four of SM
ask a question
state hypothesis
conduct an experiment
analyze the results
step one of SM
ask a question
step two of SM
state hypothesis
20 terms
Biology and Epidemiology of AIDS
Human Immunodeficieny Virus
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
1.2
70 35
HIV stands for
AIDs stands for
according to the CC there are __ million people in the US who…
since 1981, nearly __ million people have become infected wit…
Human Immunodeficieny Virus
HIV stands for
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIDs stands for
39 terms
Molecular Biology and Epidemiology
How do they identify bacterial infecti…
Acyclovire
Biovar
Pathovar
- Bacterial = culturing... - Viral = PCR
similar to DNA bases, blocks viral replication
- Variant strain that differs physiologically or biochemicall…
Bacterial strain/set of strains with same or similar characte…
How do they identify bacterial infecti…
- Bacterial = culturing... - Viral = PCR
Acyclovire
similar to DNA bases, blocks viral replication
97 terms
Cancer biology and cancer epidemiology
Neoplasm
Tumor
Benign tumors
Malignant tumor
New groth
Abnormal growth resulting from uncontrolled proliferation
Slow growth, well-defined, not invasive, well differentiated,…
Rapid growth, not encapsulated, invasive, poorly differentiat…
Neoplasm
New groth
Tumor
Abnormal growth resulting from uncontrolled proliferation
71 terms
Epidemiology and Biology of Oral Cancer
What 2 types of oral cancer are detect…
Other head and neck cancer sites are _…
Most oral and pharyngeal cancer can be…
_______ oral condition to detect in de…
Oral cancer sites and oropharyngeal cancer sites
not
viewed, palpated
Most serious
What 2 types of oral cancer are detect…
Oral cancer sites and oropharyngeal cancer sites
Other head and neck cancer sites are _…
not
45 terms
Epidemiology and Biology of Periodontal Disease
What is periodontal disease?
What is periodontium?
What causes periodontal disease?
what are 3 possible results of periodo…
chronic inflammatory disease that affects the periodontium
supporting tissues of the teeth (bone, gingival tissue, perio…
microorganisms
destruction of periodontal ligament (PDL) & alveolar bone, po…
What is periodontal disease?
chronic inflammatory disease that affects the periodontium
What is periodontium?
supporting tissues of the teeth (bone, gingival tissue, perio…
14 terms
Biology 260 Epidemiology (Chapter 19)
Epidemiology
Communicable (contagious) diseases
Non-communicable diseases
Principles of Epidemiology - Rates of…
-The study of disease patterns in populations, the how, when,…
-Transmitted from one host to another... -Transmission determine…
-Do not spread from host to host
-Epidemiologists less concerned with absolute number of cases…
Epidemiology
-The study of disease patterns in populations, the how, when,…
Communicable (contagious) diseases
-Transmitted from one host to another... -Transmission determine…
32 terms
Cancer Biology and Cancer Epidemiology Study Questions
tumor
neoplasm
cancer
transformation
abnormal growth resulting in uncontrolled proliferation
new growth
malignant tumors NOT benign growth
refers to the process by which a normal cell becomes a cancer…
tumor
abnormal growth resulting in uncontrolled proliferation
neoplasm
new growth
50 terms
Ch 9 & 10 Epidemiology and Biology of Cancer
neoplasm
Characteristics of benign growth
Characteristics of malignant growth
ABCs of cancer
new growth
grow slowly, well-defined capsule, NOT invasive, well differe…
grow rapidly, NOT encapsulated, invasive, POORLY differentiat…
Asymmetry, Border, irregular, Color, variegated
neoplasm
new growth
Characteristics of benign growth
grow slowly, well-defined capsule, NOT invasive, well differe…
22 terms
CMMB 561: Cancer Biology Midterm - EPIDEMIOLOGY
epidemiology
descriptive epidemiology
analytic epidemiology
distribution of disease: person
distribution and determinants of disease in pop'n... prevention…
describes occurrence of the disease
causation of disease
demographics characteristics... biological characteristics... socia…
epidemiology
distribution and determinants of disease in pop'n... prevention…
descriptive epidemiology
describes occurrence of the disease
32 terms
M7.22 Biology & Epidemiology of Malaria
What is the most widespread type of pl…
What type of malaria does plasmodium v…
What % of all malarial cases does plas…
What type of symptoms are expected in…
Plasmodium vivax
Benign tertian malaria - recurring ever every 48 hrs
43%
The symptoms are relatively mild but can be debilitating. If…
What is the most widespread type of pl…
Plasmodium vivax
What type of malaria does plasmodium v…
Benign tertian malaria - recurring ever every 48 hrs
13 terms
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 10: Infectious Disease and Epidemiology
paradigm
cohort
socioeconomic level
prokaryotic cell
A model or pattern; a way of seeing a situation based on cult…
A group of individuals sharing a particular characteristic.
The relative position of an individual within the larger popu…
A type of single-celled organism with no membrane-bound organ…
paradigm
A model or pattern; a way of seeing a situation based on cult…
cohort
A group of individuals sharing a particular characteristic.
18 terms
Human Biology Ch10 Infectious disease & Epidemiology (about 15%)
Normal (resident) microbiota vs. paras…
Mechanisms bacteria have to resist ant…
Where are most of our antibiotics used?
Transmission routes
Mutualism: hosts and microbes receive benefit living among ea…
-Drug inactivating enzymes... -Activation of Drug efflux pumps (…
70-80% of antibiotics used in the US for meat production
Microbes can transmit through... --Direct contact between each o…
Normal (resident) microbiota vs. paras…
Mutualism: hosts and microbes receive benefit living among ea…
Mechanisms bacteria have to resist ant…
-Drug inactivating enzymes... -Activation of Drug efflux pumps (…
23 terms
Chapter 10: Biology of Cancer/ Chapter 11: Cancer Epidemiology
Cancer
Differentation
Anaplasia
Dysplasia
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can occur in a…
having new observable characteristics of the new
according to the National Cancer Institute - anaplastic cells…
according to the National Cancer Institute - anaplastic cells…
Cancer
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can occur in a…
Differentation
having new observable characteristics of the new
64 terms
Micro Biology Lab Quiz 3 Ames Test - Epidemiology
genotoxic
mutagens
Ames test
Ames spot test
can cause mutations, which can result in cancer
a physical or chemical agent that alters the nucleotide base…
most chemicals that have been shown to cause cancer in animal…
a screening technique to identify high-risk compounds that mu…
genotoxic
can cause mutations, which can result in cancer
mutagens
a physical or chemical agent that alters the nucleotide base…
79 terms
Chapter 10 Biology of Cancer, Chapter 11 Cancer Epidemiology
Benign Tumors
Carcinoma in Situ (CIS)
CIS lesions can have one of the follow…
Carcinomas
Encapsulated with connective tissue and contain fairly well-d…
Refers to preinvasive epithelial tumors of glandular or squam…
1.They can remain stable for a long time, 2. They can progres…
Cancers arising in epithelial tissues are called?
Benign Tumors
Encapsulated with connective tissue and contain fairly well-d…
Carcinoma in Situ (CIS)
Refers to preinvasive epithelial tumors of glandular or squam…
120 terms
epidemiology
epidemic
pandemic
Epidemiology
Characteristics of epidemiology
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…
epidemic
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
pandemic
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
47 terms
Epidemiology
Incidence
incidence measurement starts with what…
incidence rate ratio
best use for incidence
number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of tim…
healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…
examines risk factors and health disparities... men compared to…
how rapidly a disease is developing, or how common within a c…
Incidence
number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of tim…
incidence measurement starts with what…
healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…
119 terms
Epidemiology Exam 1
Public Health
Public Health Professional
10 Great Public Health achievements 19…
Disciplines of Public Health
The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…
analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…
1. Vaccination... 2. Motor Safety... 3. Safer work places... 4. Contro…
- Basic sciences ... - Clinical sciences... - Public Health/communi…
Public Health
The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…
Public Health Professional
analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…
235 terms
PathoPhys. Exam 1: ch 4, 5-10, 20 (fluid and electrolytes, acids, and bases, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, infection and defects, stress/disease, biology of cancer, cancer epidemiology, alterations of hematologic function)
Normal mutual relationship
opportunistic microorganisms
physical barriers
chemical barriers
human and normal flora, relationship can be breached by injur…
bacteria, virus, fungus, parasite when immune system fails to…
skin and cells that line esophagus, GI, and GU tract
saliva, tears, mucus, normal bacterial flora
Normal mutual relationship
human and normal flora, relationship can be breached by injur…
opportunistic microorganisms
bacteria, virus, fungus, parasite when immune system fails to…
279 terms
Epidemiology Quarterly Exam 2
Obtaining informed consent and giving…
What is the goal of epidemiology?
What is the dependent variable in a st…
The outcome variable, response variabl…
A) Respect for Persons
The goal of epidemiology is to elaborate causes that can expl…
The dependent variable is the variable that is affected by ch…
Dependent variable.
Obtaining informed consent and giving…
A) Respect for Persons
What is the goal of epidemiology?
The goal of epidemiology is to elaborate causes that can expl…
112 terms
Epidemiology Midterm
What is the definition of health?
What are the assumptions of epidemiolo…
What did Hippocrates contribute to epi…
What did John Graunt contribute to epi…
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, social, emoti…
1. Disease, illness, and ill health are not randomly distribu…
Father of medicine... Created concept of epidemic and endemic
Assimilated reported deaths, reviewed and assured accuracy of…
What is the definition of health?
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, social, emoti…
What are the assumptions of epidemiolo…
1. Disease, illness, and ill health are not randomly distribu…
10 terms
Epidemiology
Determinant
Prevalence
Disease Distribution
Vector
the cause of a disease
how many people have a disease
how is this disease spread geographically, by gender, by cult…
an animal that carries some pathogens to new hosts
Determinant
the cause of a disease
Prevalence
how many people have a disease
87 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiologists study the ____and ___…
what do epidemiologists do? ... 1. collec…
Diseases can be ____ or ___, transmitt…
Factors involved in transmission inclu…
frequency,distribution... cause, source, route of trasmission
1.Collect/compile data on source/associated risk factors... 2.De…
communicable, contagious
pathogen, host,environment
Epidemiologists study the ____and ___…
frequency,distribution... cause, source, route of trasmission
what do epidemiologists do? ... 1. collec…
1.Collect/compile data on source/associated risk factors... 2.De…
97 terms
Epidemiology
Nsg and epidemiology
Epidemiology
The principle science of public health
Two epidemiology methods
Promoting and preserving the health of populations
Study of the distribution and determinants of health and dise…
Epidemiology
Descriptive... Analytic
Nsg and epidemiology
Promoting and preserving the health of populations
Epidemiology
Study of the distribution and determinants of health and dise…
12 terms
Epidemiology
Diseases can be I____ or N____ ?
Infectious diseases include:
Non-infectious diseases include:
What is the job of epidemiology?
Infectious or non-infectious
Bacteria, Parasites, Viruses, or Prions (bPVP)
Injuries (from surroundings), Genetic diseases and 'Chance' d…
To examine the patterns of diseases in a population
Diseases can be I____ or N____ ?
Infectious or non-infectious
Infectious diseases include:
Bacteria, Parasites, Viruses, or Prions (bPVP)
10 terms
Bio Test 2-Epidemiology
Tying it all together: disease and the…
Sociological conclusions
Rate of spread of a disease
Lessons from Rp = "N"BfL
1) The rate of spread of all diseases is higher when N is hig…
If B, f, or L is small, the disease can only spread in large…
1) In epidemiology, we usually don't care about how fast the…
1) Immunization programs can prevent epidemics by reducing N.…
Tying it all together: disease and the…
1) The rate of spread of all diseases is higher when N is hig…
Sociological conclusions
If B, f, or L is small, the disease can only spread in large…
56 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Attack Rate
Incidence Rate
Prevalence
Study of disease patterns in populations
Percentage of people who become ill in population AFTER the e…
Number of new cases/time/population... --> measure of risk of an…
total number of cases for a disease... _ at any time or for a sp…
Epidemiology
Study of disease patterns in populations
Attack Rate
Percentage of people who become ill in population AFTER the e…
57 terms
Epidemiology 101 chapter 1
Epidemiology
Epidemic
Pandemic
Population Focus
basic science of public health, concerned with the distributi…
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
The focus of epidemiology is on the occurrence of health and…
Epidemiology
basic science of public health, concerned with the distributi…
Epidemic
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
37 terms
Epidemiology Lecture 1
Identify leading public health problems
Leading cause of death in the 2000s
Define epidemiology
Distribution
Tobacco use, poor diet and poor physical activity, alcohol co…
Non-communicable diseases
The study of disease in populations. (Epidemiology is concern…
Descriptive approach: rates of disease in the US
Identify leading public health problems
Tobacco use, poor diet and poor physical activity, alcohol co…
Leading cause of death in the 2000s
Non-communicable diseases
35 terms
Chapter 10: Infectious Disease & Epidemiology
Epidemic
Pandemic
Toxin
Bacteria
a disease that affects many individuals at once, spreading ra…
an epidemic that affects a very large number of people over a…
A poisonous substance secreted by bacteria, viruses, or proto…
are prokaryotic cells that can be found in the ground, wate…
Epidemic
a disease that affects many individuals at once, spreading ra…
Pandemic
an epidemic that affects a very large number of people over a…
56 terms
Epidemiology Screening
The presumptive identification of unre…
How are positive screening results fol…
Screening before symptoms, diagnostic…
Diagnostic tests ordered by doctor; re…
Screening
With diagnostic test to confirm disease
Stage
Characteristics
The presumptive identification of unre…
Screening
How are positive screening results fol…
With diagnostic test to confirm disease
16 terms
Bio med quiz- epidemiology
Direct transmission
Indirect transmission
Airborne
Waterborne
Person to person- immidiate transfer of the pathogen or agent…
Pathogens or agents are transferred or carried by some interm…
Droplets or dust particles carry the pathogen to the host and…
Carried in drinking water, swimming pools, steams, or lakes u…
Direct transmission
Person to person- immidiate transfer of the pathogen or agent…
Indirect transmission
Pathogens or agents are transferred or carried by some interm…
98 terms
Epidemiology
Definition of epidemiology
Descriptive Epidemiology
Analytic Epidemiology
Epidemiologic Triad
Distribution and determinants of health/disease in human popu…
Distrobution: Person, place and time
Determination: Risk factors
HOST... / | \... / Vector \... / / \ \... Agent ---Environment
Definition of epidemiology
Distribution and determinants of health/disease in human popu…
Descriptive Epidemiology
Distrobution: Person, place and time
56 terms
REVIEW OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
The BEINGS model is a useful paradigm…
Calculate the incidence of new cases o…
This is the number of new cases over a…
This is the observed total deaths in a…
Evaluating etiologic factors in disease... factors that may pla…
Incidence rate... rates look at midpoint population ( looking a…
Standardized mortality ratio... . The standardized mortality ra…
The BEINGS model is a useful paradigm…
Evaluating etiologic factors in disease... factors that may pla…
Calculate the incidence of new cases o…
38 terms
Epidemiology Vocabulary
Epidemiology
Holoendemic
Host
Disease
The study that which befalls man
Describes disease highly prevalent in pop and common in the e…
An organism that harobors a disease
A pattern of responce by organism as a result of some foregin…
Epidemiology
The study that which befalls man
Holoendemic
Describes disease highly prevalent in pop and common in the e…
12 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Determinant
Prevalence
Disease Distribution
science of discovering causes of illness and injury in popula…
the cause of a disease
how many people have the disease
how is the disease spread geographically, by gender, by cultu…
Epidemiology
science of discovering causes of illness and injury in popula…
Determinant
the cause of a disease
29 terms
epidemiology
epidemiology
disease
disease patterns
infectious disease
study of human disease. if well-nourished, we are better equi…
a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or…
what diseases occur where, when, among whom, etc.
contagious or not, bacterial or viral or parasitic. foreign a…
epidemiology
study of human disease. if well-nourished, we are better equi…
disease
a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or…
7 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Describe physical activity epidemiology
Framingham Heart Study
Null Hypothesis
The study of the causes & distribution of disease or other ag…
Focuses on the (potential) relationships b/w activity habits…
Longitudinal study... • Originally to study cardiovascular disea…
Something that is assumed to be true
Epidemiology
The study of the causes & distribution of disease or other ag…
Describe physical activity epidemiology
Focuses on the (potential) relationships b/w activity habits…
8 terms
Epidemiology
epidemiology
disease transmission
portal of entry
reservoir of infection
study of how specific infectious agent survives and spreads t…
actual way the infectious disease spreads. ex- sneezing, kiss…
entranceway through which a specific microbe is able to invad…
any object, living or nonliving, that allows a microbe to gro…
epidemiology
study of how specific infectious agent survives and spreads t…
disease transmission
actual way the infectious disease spreads. ex- sneezing, kiss…
31 terms
Epidemiology
Epi
Demo
Ology
Study of what befalls onto man
Means "on, upon, befall"
Means "people, population, man"
Means "study of"
LITERAL definition of epidemiology.
Epi
Means "on, upon, befall"
Demo
Means "people, population, man"
64 terms
Epidemiology
count
rate
incidence rate
incidence rate is a measure of
number of cases of a disease being studied
disease frequency, unit size of population, time period durin…
number of NEW cases that occur during a specified period of t…
risk of getting a disease
count
number of cases of a disease being studied
rate
disease frequency, unit size of population, time period durin…
11 terms
Intro to Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Goals of epidemiology
Incidence
Incidence Rate
study of how disease is distributed in populations and factor…
identify causes and risk factors... determine extent of disease…
number of new cases occurring at a particular time
ratio: # of new cases / total people at risk
Epidemiology
study of how disease is distributed in populations and factor…
Goals of epidemiology
identify causes and risk factors... determine extent of disease…
10 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Endemic
Sporadic
Epidemic
Occurrence of disease (viral or bacterial) in a population
Diseases that are constantly present in a population... Ex: Comm…
Diseases occur occasionally in a small population... Ex: West ni…
Many people in given area are infected for short period of time
Epidemiology
Occurrence of disease (viral or bacterial) in a population
Endemic
Diseases that are constantly present in a population... Ex: Comm…
92 terms
Epidemiology
Key players in Epidemiology
HIPPOCRATES
Hippocrates
Hippocrates
-Wanted "to understand and explain illness, injury, and death…
(460 B.C. TO 377 B.C.)
Physician... Known as the father of medicine & first epidemiolog…
Introduced terms epidemic and endemic... Believed properties of…
Key players in Epidemiology
-Wanted "to understand and explain illness, injury, and death…
HIPPOCRATES
(460 B.C. TO 377 B.C.)
17 terms
Bio med epidemiology vocab
Epidemic
Prevalence
Etiology
Antibiotics
Outbreak of a disease in a given area in excess or above norm…
Number of people in population who have disease at a particul…
Factor that causes or is the source of a disease
Produced from a microorganism to kill another organism (only…
Epidemic
Outbreak of a disease in a given area in excess or above norm…
Prevalence
Number of people in population who have disease at a particul…
1 of 10