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Study sets matching "epidemiology nurs measurement"

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Study sets matching "epidemiology nurs measurement"

10 terms
Epidemiology: Measurement
Incidence proportion
Cumulative incidence
Incidence Rate
Person-Time
...
...
...
...
Incidence proportion
...
Cumulative incidence
...
19 terms
measurement of epidemiology
epidemiology
prevalence
incidence
distribution
study of disease in groups, populations and communities throu…
number of cases
number of new cases
extent
epidemiology
study of disease in groups, populations and communities throu…
prevalence
number of cases
29 terms
Epidemiology in Nursing
Epidemiology is a specialized form of_…
Definition of Epidemiology
Goals of epidemiology
Hippocrates
-scientific research... -upon... -people... -knowledge
study of the distribution and determinants of states of healt…
to control health problems
1st epidemiologist... -Health influenced by personal characteri…
Epidemiology is a specialized form of_…
-scientific research... -upon... -people... -knowledge
Definition of Epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinants of states of healt…
11 terms
Measures of Epidemiology
mortality
infant mortality
morbidity
life expectancy
refers to the number of people who have died in a population
the death of babies and children in a population
refers to the number of people who are sick or diseased in a…
how long, on average a person is expected to live, specific o…
mortality
refers to the number of people who have died in a population
infant mortality
the death of babies and children in a population
21 terms
Measures of Epidemiology
List the types of measures
What are the specific leading causes o…
What is the overall leading cause of m…
Give a mortality trend
Mortality, Infant Mortality, Morbidity, Life Expectancy
CHD, Dementia/Alz, Cerebrovascular Disease, Lung Cancer, COPD
Cancer
Declined for both M & F
List the types of measures
Mortality, Infant Mortality, Morbidity, Life Expectancy
What are the specific leading causes o…
CHD, Dementia/Alz, Cerebrovascular Disease, Lung Cancer, COPD
28 terms
Epidemiology in Nursing
scientific research// a body of knowle…
the study of the distribution and dete…
personal characteristics, place and ti…
the "tools of epidemiology" used by co…
-Introduction to Epidemiology in Nursing-... -Offers community h…
-Definition of Epidemiology-... Definition of Epidemiology ???…
-History of Epidemiology-... Hippocrates (Fourth Century B.C.)…
-Basic Concepts in Epidemiology-... The basic concepts are ____…
scientific research// a body of knowle…
-Introduction to Epidemiology in Nursing-... -Offers community h…
the study of the distribution and dete…
-Definition of Epidemiology-... Definition of Epidemiology ???…
45 terms
Epidemiology & Population Health Nursing
Epidemiology
Evolution of disease causation theory
Basic Epidemiologic Concepts
Causality
The study of the distribution & determinants of health-relate…
Sanitary era - Miasmas "bad air" theory... Bacteriologic (Commu…
-Causality... -Risk... -Rates of occurrence
Based on the idea that one event is the result of another eve…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution & determinants of health-relate…
Evolution of disease causation theory
Sanitary era - Miasmas "bad air" theory... Bacteriologic (Commu…
12 terms
Epidemiology 4 - Measures of Association
Goal of epidemiological study
cumulative incidence ratio
risk for exposed individuals
risk for unexposed individuals
to test for the presence of relationships between exposures (…
cumulative incidence in an exposed population divided by the…
a/a+b
c/c+d
Goal of epidemiological study
to test for the presence of relationships between exposures (…
cumulative incidence ratio
cumulative incidence in an exposed population divided by the…
15 terms
Epidemiology 2 - Measures of Morbidity
target/source population
fixed population
dynamic population
measures with which to measure populat…
group of individuals with a shared/common trait that inferenc…
-once you're a part of the population, you cannot be removed…
-a population whose numbers are always changing... -defines curr…
-prevalence proportion... -cumulative incidence (risk)... -incidenc…
target/source population
group of individuals with a shared/common trait that inferenc…
fixed population
-once you're a part of the population, you cannot be removed…
20 terms
Epidemiology 3 - Measures of Mortality
In countries with high mortality rates…
In countries with increased life expec…
National Vital Statistics System
crude mortality rate (crude death rate)
examining trends in death rates
prevalence measures
provides comprehensive demographic, geographic and cause of d…
# of total deaths in a population in one year divided by the…
In countries with high mortality rates…
examining trends in death rates
In countries with increased life expec…
prevalence measures
29 terms
Nursing measurments
Pound
Ounce
Grain
Gallon
Ib
oz
gr
gal
Pound
Ib
Ounce
oz
50 terms
Nurse 420 Epidemiology
Epidemilogic triad
Law of the few
Stickiness factor
Power of context
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
"virulence and mutability of agent"
"risk created by the environment"
Epidemilogic triad
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
Law of the few
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
10 terms
Epidemiology II Measures of RIsk
Relative Risk ... Define
Risk Ratio
Rate Ratio
Odds Ratio
Association between exposure and disease - the risk (or rate)…
Cumulative Inc. (exposed)/Cumulative Inc (on-exposed)
The ratio of two incidence rates for two groups or population…
Estimate the incidence rate ratio by calculating the ratio of…
Relative Risk ... Define
Association between exposure and disease - the risk (or rate)…
Risk Ratio
Cumulative Inc. (exposed)/Cumulative Inc (on-exposed)
8 terms
Epidemiology-Measures of disease frequency
Counts
Fractions
Ratio
Proportion
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
the relative size of two quantities expressed by dividing one…
a ratio whose numerator is included in the denominator.... Used…
Counts
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
Fractions
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
50 terms
Nurse 420 Epidemiology
Epidemilogic triad
Law of the few
Stickiness factor
Power of context
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
"virulence and mutability of agent"
"risk created by the environment"
Epidemilogic triad
-Host... -Agent... -Environment
Law of the few
-"infectiousness of the host" ... -Small percent have original d…
59 terms
Public Health Nursing and Epidemiology
A scientific method by which data is s…
The conscientious and judicious use of…
What is the research method that is mo…
Epidemiology is the foundation of what?
Research
Evidence-based practice
Epidemiology
It is the foundation of evidence-based practice in public hea…
A scientific method by which data is s…
Research
The conscientious and judicious use of…
Evidence-based practice
42 terms
Basics of Epidemiology in Nursing
Health
Nursing
Public Health
Epidemiology
State of complete physical/mental/social well being. Not just…
Protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abiliti…
System and social enterprise, a profession. A collection of m…
The study of the occurrence and distribution of health relate…
Health
State of complete physical/mental/social well being. Not just…
Nursing
Protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abiliti…
19 terms
Nurse 420 Epidemiology
What is epidemiology?
Medical sci/disease detectives (epidem…
Elements they look at (descriptive)
Public health vs medical
-THe study of distribution and determinant of states and even…
-THey work with Dr and labs and the pt/family to determine wh…
-Person 9age, race, sex)... -Place(where were they when they fir…
-PH: population, public service ethic (concerned for indiv, b…
What is epidemiology?
-THe study of distribution and determinant of states and even…
Medical sci/disease detectives (epidem…
-THey work with Dr and labs and the pt/family to determine wh…
102 terms
Disease Frequencies and Measures in Epidemiology
Counts
Ratio
Proportion
Uses of proportions
refers to the number of cases of a disease or the health phen…
fraction, no specified relationship between numerator and den…
a measure that states a count relative to the size of the gro…
can demonstrate the magnitude of the problem, provides an ind…
Counts
refers to the number of cases of a disease or the health phen…
Ratio
fraction, no specified relationship between numerator and den…
20 terms
Epidemiology: Measuring disease
Population
fixed population
dynamic population
count
Group of people with common characteristic
Membership of this population is permanent, often defined by…
Membership of this population is transient, often defined by…
counting the number of cases of a disease
Population
Group of people with common characteristic
fixed population
Membership of this population is permanent, often defined by…
11 terms
Community Nursing: Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Florence Nightingale
Using Population Based Data
Types of Epidemiological Investigations
Discipline that provides the structure for systematically stu…
First nurse epidemiologist and pioneered the use of statistic…
Rate: make comparisons between groups; used to describe event…
Descriptive: describes distribution of disease (prevalence);…
Epidemiology
Discipline that provides the structure for systematically stu…
Florence Nightingale
First nurse epidemiologist and pioneered the use of statistic…
12 terms
Nursing measurement
1 gram
1 milligram
2.2 pounds
1 tablespoon
1000 milligrams
1000 micrograms
1 kilograms
15 milliters
1 gram
1000 milligrams
1 milligram
1000 micrograms
8 terms
roles and measures of epidemiology
Epidemiology
Mortality
Infant Mortality
Morbidity
The study of the data and statistics, usually health status m…
Refers to the number of people who have died in a population…
The number of babies who die or the portion of live births wh…
Refers to the number of people sick or diseased in given popu…
Epidemiology
The study of the data and statistics, usually health status m…
Mortality
Refers to the number of people who have died in a population…
64 terms
Measurements (nursing)
1 inch
1 km
1 m
1 cm
2.54 cm
1000 meter
39.37 inch
0.394 inch
1 inch
2.54 cm
1 km
1000 meter
21 terms
Epidemiology: Measuring disease
Population
fixed population
dynamic population
count
Group of people with common characteristic
Membership of this population is permanent, often defined by…
Membership of this population is transient, often defined by…
counting the number of cases of a disease
Population
Group of people with common characteristic
fixed population
Membership of this population is permanent, often defined by…
12 terms
Epidemiology and Measures of Risk
Absolute risk
Absolute Risk reduction (ARR)
Absolute Risk Increase (ARI)
Number Needed to Treat (NNT)
-the incidence of an event in a group... -The # of patienys who…
-difference in absolute risk of an outcome likely to prevent…
-difference in absolute risks of an outcome likely to result…
-tells you how many patients wiuld need to be treated wth the…
Absolute risk
-the incidence of an event in a group... -The # of patienys who…
Absolute Risk reduction (ARR)
-difference in absolute risk of an outcome likely to prevent…
58 terms
Nursing 111 epidemiology
Epidemiology
what do epidemiologists do?
what are their three main tasks
how do people get sick?
the study of what diseases that affect the population
they look at the source that caused the illness... the number of…
1. collection and evaluation of how many people got the illne…
chain of infection
Epidemiology
the study of what diseases that affect the population
what do epidemiologists do?
they look at the source that caused the illness... the number of…
21 terms
Common Epidemiological Measures in CHN
Demographic measures
morbidity
mortality
incidence
certain human characteristics such as age, ethnicity,income a…
illness rates
death rates
refers to the number of individuals in a population who devel…
Demographic measures
certain human characteristics such as age, ethnicity,income a…
morbidity
illness rates
32 terms
Epidemiology Measures of Illness
goal of epidemiology
numerator
incidence
prevalence
answer questions about population health... need numerators, den…
# of people: w/affliction, who died, with disabilities or who…
number of new events occurring in a defined population at ris…
# of existing people with the outcome either at one point (po…
goal of epidemiology
answer questions about population health... need numerators, den…
numerator
# of people: w/affliction, who died, with disabilities or who…
12 terms
epidemiology and nursing practice
nurses use the principles of epidemiol…
risk
risk factors
when do you apply of the combination o…
1) enhance the clinical decision making process... 2)identify pe…
refers to the probability or likelihood that a health event w…
are those characteristics or events that have been shown to i…
during a health-risk appraisal
nurses use the principles of epidemiol…
1) enhance the clinical decision making process... 2)identify pe…
risk
refers to the probability or likelihood that a health event w…
15 terms
Epidemiology Measurements and Errors
Definition of Relative Risk (Risk Ratio)
Formula of Relative Risk (Risk Ratio)
Definition of Incidence
Formula of Incidence
Measures strength of association between exposure and disease
Disease rate in the exposed/Disease rate in the nonexposed
Number of new cases that arose in the current time period (us…
Number of new cases of disease / population at risk of disease
Definition of Relative Risk (Risk Ratio)
Measures strength of association between exposure and disease
Formula of Relative Risk (Risk Ratio)
Disease rate in the exposed/Disease rate in the nonexposed
8 terms
Epidemiology: Measures of Disease
Incidence
Prevalence
Attack Rate
Secondary Attack Rate
# New Cases of Disease in A Population in a Specific time Per…
Total number of cases of a disease at a specific time / total…
# of people at risk who develop the disease / # of people at…
# Cases among contacts / # Contacts exposed
Incidence
# New Cases of Disease in A Population in a Specific time Per…
Prevalence
Total number of cases of a disease at a specific time / total…
41 terms
Epidemiology foundation measures of risk
Lesson six focus
Why do we comp are exposures?
What calculations do we use to quantif…
Odds ratio or relative risk
Explaining how hazardous a disease is and a full picture of w…
To understand what actions influence disease and to limit pot…
Odds ratio, relative risk , attributable risk
Quantify difference in two groups
Lesson six focus
Explaining how hazardous a disease is and a full picture of w…
Why do we comp are exposures?
To understand what actions influence disease and to limit pot…
70 terms
Epidemiology/Prevention Community Nursing
Descriptive Study
Analytical Study
Motivational Interviewing
Motivation for Change Occurs when
a form of epidemiology that describes a disease according to…
a form of epidemiology that investigates causes and associati…
(Miller): client-centered communication style for eliciting b…
people perceive a discrepancy between where they are and wher…
Descriptive Study
a form of epidemiology that describes a disease according to…
Analytical Study
a form of epidemiology that investigates causes and associati…
17 terms
Epidemiology - Measures of Occurrence
What is epidemiological research based…
What are the two main types of measure…
What are the types of measures of prev…
What is the formula for point prevalen…
Primarily based on the quantification of the occurrence of he…
1- Prevalence: is concerned with quantifying the number of ex…
Point prevalence and period prevalence. ... Point prevalence is…
Point Prevalence = Number of Cases at time t ... Study Populati…
What is epidemiological research based…
Primarily based on the quantification of the occurrence of he…
What are the two main types of measure…
1- Prevalence: is concerned with quantifying the number of ex…
27 terms
Epidemiology - Measures of Association
Three measures of association
Where do epidemiologists gather data f…
Standard Table for Incidence Data
Risk Ratio (RR)
1) Relative risk... 2) Incidence (rate) ratio... 3) Odds ratio
Calculate through tabular data. Calculated by a contingency t…
Exposure, Outcome, and PT units (person time units). PT1 = to…
Estimates how strong the association is between a given expos…
Three measures of association
1) Relative risk... 2) Incidence (rate) ratio... 3) Odds ratio
Where do epidemiologists gather data f…
Calculate through tabular data. Calculated by a contingency t…
9 terms
Epidemiology - Measures of Impact
Attributable Risk
What is population attributable risk?
Population attributable risk
Attributable risk fraction
The attributable risk for the exposed group compares the risk…
compares the risk of an outcome in the population as a whole…
An estimate of how many cases could have been prevented in th…
Attributable risk ... Attributable fraction = __________________…
Attributable Risk
The attributable risk for the exposed group compares the risk…
What is population attributable risk?
compares the risk of an outcome in the population as a whole…
22 terms
Epidemiological Measuring Health
diesease types... 2
Non-communicable = chronic diseases…
WHO targets for Nc is to ⤵ ... 9... 😵... 🍺…
Non-communicable Challenges ... 2
1. Non-communicable... 2. Communicable
...
1. Mortality... 2. alcohol use... 3. Inactivity... 4. salt... 5. toba…
1. ⤵ risk factors for middle age & elderly... 2. ⬆ *nutrition…
diesease types... 2
1. Non-communicable... 2. Communicable
Non-communicable = chronic diseases…
...
27 terms
Nursing measurements
1 pound (lb)
1 pound (lb)
1 kilogram (kg)
1000 grams
16 ounces (oz)
454 grams (9)
2.2 lbs
1 kilogram
1 pound (lb)
16 ounces (oz)
1 pound (lb)
454 grams (9)
29 terms
nursing measurements
1 tsp
1 tbsp
1 glass
1 cup = ? mL
5 mL
15 mL
8 oz , 240 mL
240 mL
1 tsp
5 mL
1 tbsp
15 mL
13 terms
ACVPM Epidemiology- measures of morbidity
What is the difference between a ratio…
Prevalance
Period prevalance
Incidence (cumulative incidence, incid…
Ratio numerator is not in denominator (#dogs owned/100,000 pe…
proportion of a population with disease at a specific time... #o…
Frequency of disease for a given time period... #of population w…
Proportion of subjects that develop disease in a certain time…
What is the difference between a ratio…
Ratio numerator is not in denominator (#dogs owned/100,000 pe…
Prevalance
proportion of a population with disease at a specific time... #o…
12 terms
Nursing Measurements
1L
1kg
1g
1mg
1,000 mL
1,000g
1,000mg
1,000mcg (micrograms)
1L
1,000 mL
1kg
1,000g
14 terms
Nursing Measures
1 gm
1 mg
1 L
1 ml
1000 mg
1000 mcg
1000 mL
1 cc
1 gm
1000 mg
1 mg
1000 mcg
16 terms
Nursing Measurements
1 inch
1000 mm
1000 ml
1000 mcg
2.54 cm
1 meter
1 gram
1 mg
1 inch
2.54 cm
1000 mm
1 meter
26 terms
Epidemiology - Measures of Effect
What is analytic epidemiology?
What are the two ways of comparing mea…
What is the risk ratio?
What are difference measures?
Investigating the possible cause of an outcome. ... If we suspe…
1-The ratio of the two measures of occurrence, ... 2-The absolu…
measures how much more likely members of one group are to bec…
Difference measures give an excessive amount that occurred in…
What is analytic epidemiology?
Investigating the possible cause of an outcome. ... If we suspe…
What are the two ways of comparing mea…
1-The ratio of the two measures of occurrence, ... 2-The absolu…
12 terms
Epidemiology Measures of Morbidity and Mortality
Count
Ratio
What are the three types of ratios?
What is a proportion?
Number of cases of a disease/health issue being studied
value obtained by dividing one quantity by another
1) Rate... 2) Proportion... 3) Percentage
The numerator is part of the denominator. It is often express…
Count
Number of cases of a disease/health issue being studied
Ratio
value obtained by dividing one quantity by another
48 terms
Epidemiologic study designs and measures
Descriptive vs. analytic
Observational vs. Experimental
Descriptive types of studies
Analytic studies
Descriptive: measures values of variables that describes char…
difference is how the subjects get into their groups... Observa…
1. Case Study... 2. Case series... 3. Cross sectional (can be both)
Observational... 1. Cohort... 2. Case control... 3. Cross sectional (c…
Descriptive vs. analytic
Descriptive: measures values of variables that describes char…
Observational vs. Experimental
difference is how the subjects get into their groups... Observa…
31 terms
Epidemiology Measuring occurence of disease
How can the occurence of a disease be…
Rate
Incidence rate
What do we use incidence rates to meas…
by using rates or proportions
A change in one quantity per unit change in another. Tell us…
The number of new cases (numerator) in specified time period…
Morbidity
How can the occurence of a disease be…
by using rates or proportions
Rate
A change in one quantity per unit change in another. Tell us…
44 terms
Epidemiology: Measures of Disease Frequency
What is Epidemiology?
What are the greek roots of the word E…
What are the roles of epidemiology in…
What are the three types of prevention?
the study of the distribution and determinants and/or health-…
epi = upon... demos = the people... ology = to study ... epidemiology…
*Monitor health of population... *Respond to emerging public hea…
Primary Prevention (ebola)... Secondary Prevention (high cholest…
What is Epidemiology?
the study of the distribution and determinants and/or health-…
What are the greek roots of the word E…
epi = upon... demos = the people... ology = to study ... epidemiology…
13 terms
Nursing measurements
4ml = drams
1 dram = ml
60 mg = gr
gr 1 = mg
1 dram
4 ml
gr 1
60 mg
4ml = drams
1 dram
1 dram = ml
4 ml
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