Study sets matching "epidemiology research"
Study sets
Diagrams
Classes
Users
Epidemiology
Prevalence
Point prevalence
period prevalence
study of prevalence, incidence and co-occurence of disorders a…
a number of percentage of cases of disorder in a population at…
any specific time (right now; how many children are in treatme…
rate at the specified time (within a yea, months or weeks)
Epidemiology
study of prevalence, incidence and co-occurence of disorders a…
Prevalence
a number of percentage of cases of disorder in a population at…
Epidemiology Definition
Epidemiology Concerns
Epidemiology Identification Goals
Focus of Epidemiology
the study of health and disease... - Determining the frequencies…
Distribution and determinants of disease, injury, or dysfuncti…
Who, When and where, What exposures are associated with its pr…
focuses on "exposures" or "casual factors":... - Life style - smo…
Epidemiology Definition
the study of health and disease... - Determining the frequencies…
Epidemiology Concerns
Distribution and determinants of disease, injury, or dysfuncti…
Epidemiology research
Prevalence
Incidence
Morbidity
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…
Number of existing cases of disease at a given point in time.
Number of new cases of a disease in a specific time period.
Incidence of a specific disease.
Epidemiology research
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…
Prevalence
Number of existing cases of disease at a given point in time.
Burden of Disease
DALYs
Disease Surveillance
Epidemiology
Considers health, social, political, environmental and economi…
The sum of years of life lost due to premature death and years…
The process of monitoring and reporting levels of disease acti…
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…
Burden of Disease
Considers health, social, political, environmental and economi…
DALYs
The sum of years of life lost due to premature death and years…
mixed methods research
sequential
parallel
design considerations
-combine quantitative and qualitative ... -can range from highly…
one methodology follows the other
methodologies occur currently in the study
-research question and hypothesis... -design selection... -sampling…
mixed methods research
-combine quantitative and qualitative ... -can range from highly…
sequential
one methodology follows the other
Distribution
Frequency
Prevalence
Incidence
Relates to the frequency and patterns of disease occurrence in…
Prevalence and Incidence
how often the disease occurs
rate of new disease or health events
Distribution
Relates to the frequency and patterns of disease occurrence in…
Frequency
Prevalence and Incidence
epidemiology
frequency, disease, prevent, prolong, i…
ratio, proportion, rate
ratio
study of the distribution and determinates of health related s…
Epidemiological research questions: ... - determine the ________…
commonly used descirptions
expresses relationship between 2 numbers (one number over anot…
epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinates of health related s…
frequency, disease, prevent, prolong, i…
Epidemiological research questions: ... - determine the ________…
Incidence vs Prevalence
What is Epidemiology?
How is Epidemiology Different from Othe…
5 Main Objectives of Epidemiology
- Incidence: # of NEW cases... - Prevalence: # of cases fo…
- Simply: ... It is the study of health and disease in human pop…
- Epidemiology is the *only scientific discipline that is conc…
1. To identify the cause of disease and its risk factors... 2. To…
Incidence vs Prevalence
- Incidence: # of NEW cases... - Prevalence: # of cases fo…
What is Epidemiology?
- Simply: ... It is the study of health and disease in human pop…
Objectivity
Replication
Interobserver Reliability
Intraobserver Reliability
Realistic; not allowing personal perceptions/values to cause d…
Ability to replicate a study.... - compare results... - decrease er…
- more than one research assistant... - uses different assistants…
- 1 research assistant... - same assistant used at different time…
Objectivity
Realistic; not allowing personal perceptions/values to cause d…
Replication
Ability to replicate a study.... - compare results... - decrease er…
3 concerns of epidemiology/research stu…
Social Epidemiology
Income Inequality
Organizations/Processes who collect adm…
1. analysis of disease in populations... 2. investigations of dis…
- Studies how society influences health... - Merges traditional c…
- the higher the income the better the access to health servic…
1. STAT Canada... 2. Health Canada... 3. Provincial Registries... 4. Ca…
3 concerns of epidemiology/research stu…
1. analysis of disease in populations... 2. investigations of dis…
Social Epidemiology
- Studies how society influences health... - Merges traditional c…
There is a hierarchy of investigating s…
What is the most useful and appropriate…
Study design can be broken into two dom…
quantitative focuses on
reseacech evidence pyramid
it depends on the question being and asked and the desired per…
quantitative and qualitative
numbers used to represent data (quanta-cuanto-how many)
There is a hierarchy of investigating s…
reseacech evidence pyramid
What is the most useful and appropriate…
it depends on the question being and asked and the desired per…
Incidence vs Prevalence
What is Epidemiology?
How is Epidemiology Different from Othe…
5 Main Objectives of Epidemiology
- Incidence: # of NEW cases... - Prevalence: # of cases fo…
- Simply: ... It is the study of health and disease in human pop…
- Epidemiology is the *only scientific discipline that is conc…
1. To identify the cause of disease and its risk factors... 2. To…
Incidence vs Prevalence
- Incidence: # of NEW cases... - Prevalence: # of cases fo…
What is Epidemiology?
- Simply: ... It is the study of health and disease in human pop…
The sphere project
What do people need to stay alive for 2…
Ideal health services
Underlying feature of the sphere project
Launched to develop a set of universal minimum standards in co…
-one washing basin per 100 people ... -one toilet for every 20 pe…
Adequate staffing levels so that clinicians consistently consu…
The minimum amount that people can exist with dignity
The sphere project
Launched to develop a set of universal minimum standards in co…
What do people need to stay alive for 2…
-one washing basin per 100 people ... -one toilet for every 20 pe…
epidemiology
interventions, methodology
risk factors, treatment, disease
observational
the study of factors affecting the health and illness of popul…
Importance of etiology:... 1) foundation for _____ in public heal…
Research applications for epidemiology:... 1) identifying _____ _…
In the _____ study design, the investigator observes but does…
epidemiology
the study of factors affecting the health and illness of popul…
interventions, methodology
Importance of etiology:... 1) foundation for _____ in public heal…
DEFINE STATISTICS
DATA ~ INFORMATION ~ FACTS ~ KNOWLEDGE
RELEVANT VS RELIABLE FIGURES IN STATIST…
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
The overall science of extracting information from a set of da…
DATA are unprocessed facts and figures that can be deliberatel…
To be RELEVANT refers to the applicability of the statistics…
Statistical data concerning the attributes of a population... Th…
DEFINE STATISTICS
The overall science of extracting information from a set of da…
DATA ~ INFORMATION ~ FACTS ~ KNOWLEDGE
DATA are unprocessed facts and figures that can be deliberatel…
______ is defined as any attribute, phe…
What kind of variable is made up of dif…
Name an example of a categorical variab…
What kind of variable varies in degree…
variable
categorical
gender
quantitative
______ is defined as any attribute, phe…
variable
What kind of variable is made up of dif…
categorical
defined as "the study of the distributi…
care of individuals
population medicine, care of the commun…
focuses on health care and the factors…
epidemiology
clinical medicine
epidemiology
clinical epidemiology
defined as "the study of the distributi…
epidemiology
care of individuals
clinical medicine
Epidemiology
Who is John Snow?
Proportions
Rate
The study of the frequencies, distributionsand determinants of…
He is the modern father of epidemiology. Studied the 1854 chol…
Number of health events divided by the total population
Measure of the frequency at which an event happens at a define…
Epidemiology
The study of the frequencies, distributionsand determinants of…
Who is John Snow?
He is the modern father of epidemiology. Studied the 1854 chol…
Epidemiology
Epidemiologic Method
Prevalence
Incidence
The study of distribution and determinants of health-related s…
Scientific techniques applied to epidemiology research, which…
Number of current divided by the estimated population... Reflect…
Number of new cases in a given period of time
Epidemiology
The study of distribution and determinants of health-related s…
Epidemiologic Method
Scientific techniques applied to epidemiology research, which…
Epidemiology Terms
Prevalence
Sensitivity
Specificity
Prevalence... Sensitivity... Specificity... Predictive Values ... Like…
% of existing cases in the population... Prevalence = (a + c)/ t…
% of cases who tested positive among those that have the disea…
% of cases who tested negative among those that do not have th…
Epidemiology Terms
Prevalence... Sensitivity... Specificity... Predictive Values ... Like…
Prevalence
% of existing cases in the population... Prevalence = (a + c)/ t…
What is an example of qualitative resea…
Example of descriptive questions
Example of relationship questions
Example of difference questions
Allows you to examine social phenomena... Set bias, change the wa…
What's going on here? How much how many?... ex) How many children…
Are these things connected? Does a relationship exist between…
Do differences exist? No manipulation... - Between existing group…
What is an example of qualitative resea…
Allows you to examine social phenomena... Set bias, change the wa…
Example of descriptive questions
What's going on here? How much how many?... ex) How many children…
1. Definition of Statistic
2. Definition of Statistic
3. Definition of Statistic... Inferential…
4. Definition of Statistic... Descriptive…
1. The overallsize of extracting information from a set of dat…
2. The study of variations.
statistical data collected from a sample to make inferences ab…
statistical data concerning the attributes of a population.
1. Definition of Statistic
1. The overallsize of extracting information from a set of dat…
2. Definition of Statistic
2. The study of variations.
Epidemiology
Incidence
Life expectancy
Morbidity
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…
The number of new cases of a particular problem or condition t…
Average expected length of life for a group of people, of a pa…
A measure of disease incidence or prevalence in a given popula…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…
Incidence
The number of new cases of a particular problem or condition t…
Epidemiology
Ratio
Proportions
Rates
-study of the distribution and determinants of states of healt…
expresses the relationship between two numbers by dividing the…
is a fraction in which the numerator is a subset of the denomi…
a proportion expressed over a particular unit of time ... In epi…
Epidemiology
-study of the distribution and determinants of states of healt…
Ratio
expresses the relationship between two numbers by dividing the…
What are the 2 main types of studies
Types of descriptive
Types of analytic
What is the gold standard for epidemiol…
1. Descriptive= description of what is happening in a populati…
1. Survey/cross section ... 2. Qualitative
1. Experimental=manipulation of the exposure via randomization…
Randomized control trials. You have control
What are the 2 main types of studies
1. Descriptive= description of what is happening in a populati…
Types of descriptive
1. Survey/cross section ... 2. Qualitative