How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "epidemiology research"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "epidemiology research"

150 terms
Research & Epidemiology
What are the 3 components of Evidence-…
What are the components of the "Cycle…
Pros of EBP
Cons of EBP
1. The best research evidence... 2. Clinical Expertise... 3. Patien…
1. Ask a question... 2. Acquire evidence ... 3. Appraise... 4. Apply... 5…
Patient expectation, clinical outcomes, reimbursement, ethica…
Lack of time, EBHM skills, availability/access to evidence
What are the 3 components of Evidence-…
1. The best research evidence... 2. Clinical Expertise... 3. Patien…
What are the components of the "Cycle…
1. Ask a question... 2. Acquire evidence ... 3. Appraise... 4. Apply... 5…
42 terms
Research- Epidemiology
Epidemiology Definition
Epidemiology Concerns
Epidemiology Identification Goals
Focus of Epidemiology
the study of health and disease... - Determining the frequencies…
Distribution and determinants of disease, injury, or dysfunct…
Who, When and where, What exposures are associated with its p…
focuses on "exposures" or "casual factors":... - Life style - sm…
Epidemiology Definition
the study of health and disease... - Determining the frequencies…
Epidemiology Concerns
Distribution and determinants of disease, injury, or dysfunct…
16 terms
Epidemiology research
Epidemiology research
Prevalence
Incidence
Morbidity
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Number of existing cases of disease at a given point in time.
Number of new cases of a disease in a specific time period.
Incidence of a specific disease.
Epidemiology research
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Prevalence
Number of existing cases of disease at a given point in time.
12 terms
Epidemiology & Research
Epidemiology
Prevalence
Point prevalence
period prevalence
study of prevalence, incidence and co-occurence of disorders…
a number of percentage of cases of disorder in a population a…
any specific time (right now; how many children are in treatm…
rate at the specified time (within a yea, months or weeks)
Epidemiology
study of prevalence, incidence and co-occurence of disorders…
Prevalence
a number of percentage of cases of disorder in a population a…
25 terms
epidemiological research
epidmiology
Ratio
proportion
rate
study of the distribution and determinates of health related…
expresses relationship btw two numbers (r=a/b)
a part, share, or number considered in comparative relation t…
a proportion during a period of time and used to describe a c…
epidmiology
study of the distribution and determinates of health related…
Ratio
expresses relationship btw two numbers (r=a/b)
44 terms
Epidemiological Research
What is a study of the distribution an…
Results of which kind of studies lead…
_______describes the relationship betw…
R=a/b
Epidemiology
Epidemiologic studies
Ratio
Ratio
What is a study of the distribution an…
Epidemiology
Results of which kind of studies lead…
Epidemiologic studies
36 terms
Epidemiological Research
Random allocation of exposure, random…
Random allocation of exposure but no r…
Not random allocation of exposure, dir…
Not random allocation of exposure, dir…
Clinical trial
Community trial
Cohort study
Case control study
Random allocation of exposure, random…
Clinical trial
Random allocation of exposure but no r…
Community trial
14 terms
Epidemiological Research
What is epidemiology?
What are determining factors?
Risk factors can be classified in what…
What does exposure mean?
Studies the determining factors for HEALTH AND DISEASE in pop…
Risk factors
Negative: Smoking, poor posture, sedentary life... Positive: Ex…
-Presence (or absence) of a risk factor... - This is whether yo…
What is epidemiology?
Studies the determining factors for HEALTH AND DISEASE in pop…
What are determining factors?
Risk factors
Epidemiology and Public Health Research
Epidemiology
Incidence
Life expectancy
Morbidity
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
The number of new cases of a particular problem or condition…
Average expected length of life for a group of people, of a p…
A measure of disease incidence or prevalence in a given popul…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Incidence
The number of new cases of a particular problem or condition…
218 terms
research-Module 3 Epidemiology
Incidence vs Prevalence
What is Epidemiology?
How is Epidemiology Different from Oth…
5 Main Objectives of Epidemiology
- Incidence: # of NEW cases... - Prevalence: # of cases f…
- Simply: ... It is the study of health and disease in human po…
- Epidemiology is the *only scientific discipline that is con…
1. To identify the cause of disease and its risk factors... 2. T…
Incidence vs Prevalence
- Incidence: # of NEW cases... - Prevalence: # of cases f…
What is Epidemiology?
- Simply: ... It is the study of health and disease in human po…
17 terms
Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
68 terms
Research & Epidemiology Exam 2
Objectivity
Replication
Interobserver Reliability
Intraobserver Reliability
Realistic; not allowing personal perceptions/values to cause…
Ability to replicate a study.... - compare results... - decrease e…
- more than one research assistant... - uses different assistant…
- 1 research assistant... - same assistant used at different tim…
Objectivity
Realistic; not allowing personal perceptions/values to cause…
Replication
Ability to replicate a study.... - compare results... - decrease e…
102 terms
Research and Epidemiology Exam 1
Types of Research
Pure research
Experimental Research
Clinical Research
1. Pure ... 2. Experimental ... 3. Clinical ... 4. Applied... 5. Descript…
Abstract and general, concerned with generating new theory an…
Manipulation of one variable to see its effect on another var…
Performed in the clinical setting where control over variable…
Types of Research
1. Pure ... 2. Experimental ... 3. Clinical ... 4. Applied... 5. Descript…
Pure research
Abstract and general, concerned with generating new theory an…
73 terms
Research & Epidemiology Exam 1
3 concerns of epidemiology/research st…
Social Epidemiology
Income Inequality
Organizations/Processes who collect ad…
1. analysis of disease in populations... 2. investigations of di…
- Studies how society influences health... - Merges traditional…
- the higher the income the better the access to health servi…
1. STAT Canada... 2. Health Canada... 3. Provincial Registries... 4. C…
3 concerns of epidemiology/research st…
1. analysis of disease in populations... 2. investigations of di…
Social Epidemiology
- Studies how society influences health... - Merges traditional…
46 terms
Epidemiology - Research Test 2
epidemiology
interventions, methodology
risk factors, treatment, disease
observational
the study of factors affecting the health and illness of popu…
Importance of etiology:... 1) foundation for _____ in public hea…
Research applications for epidemiology:... 1) identifying _____…
In the _____ study design, the investigator observes but does…
epidemiology
the study of factors affecting the health and illness of popu…
interventions, methodology
Importance of etiology:... 1) foundation for _____ in public hea…
41 terms
Epidemiology, Research and Biostat (Beverly)
What are the 2 main types of studies
Types of descriptive
Types of analytic
What is the gold standard for epidemio…
1. Descriptive= description of what is happening in a populat…
1. Survey/cross section ... 2. Qualitative
1. Experimental=manipulation of the exposure via randomizatio…
Randomized control trials. You have control
What are the 2 main types of studies
1. Descriptive= description of what is happening in a populat…
Types of descriptive
1. Survey/cross section ... 2. Qualitative
66 terms
Epidemiology: Overview and research methods
defined as "the study of the distribut…
care of individuals
population medicine, care of the commu…
focuses on health care and the factors…
epidemiology
clinical medicine
epidemiology
clinical epidemiology
defined as "the study of the distribut…
epidemiology
care of individuals
clinical medicine
54 terms
Epidemiology: Research methods
______ is defined as any attribute, ph…
What kind of variable is made up of di…
Name an example of a categorical varia…
What kind of variable varies in degree…
variable
categorical
gender
quantitative
______ is defined as any attribute, ph…
variable
What kind of variable is made up of di…
categorical
29 terms
Research exam 2 (Epidemiology)
Epidemiology
Observational
Experimental
Case report
The study of factors affecting the health and illness of popu…
Investigator observes but does not intervene
Intervention is made then observe results
Reports a clinical finding regarding a patient; includes pati…
Epidemiology
The study of factors affecting the health and illness of popu…
Observational
Investigator observes but does not intervene
17 terms
Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
18 terms
8. Qualitative Research and Epidemiology
What qualitative design is this: choic…
What qualitative design is this: descr…
In ethnography, describe the role of t…
What qualitative design is this? resea…
Case study
Ethnography
the researcher is usually an outsider to the group and they d…
Phenomenology
What qualitative design is this: choic…
Case study
What qualitative design is this: descr…
Ethnography
80 terms
Epidemiology Research Exam 1
Epidemiology
Distribution
Frequency
Pattern
The study of the distribution and determinants of health rela…
The study of the frequency and pattern of health events in a…
The number and the number in relation to population
The health-related state or event by person, place, and time…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health rela…
Distribution
The study of the frequency and pattern of health events in a…
12 terms
MNE Epidemiology/Nutrition Research
Observational studies
Observational studies that are uncontr…
Observational studies that are control…
Clinical impression
Can never prove efficacy of a therapy. They can help formulat…
Clinical impression, case reports, and cross-section surveys.…
Case-Control study and Cohort Study. These studies are better…
the least reliable type of "study"
Observational studies
Can never prove efficacy of a therapy. They can help formulat…
Observational studies that are uncontr…
Clinical impression, case reports, and cross-section surveys.…
18 terms
physical activity epidemiology research
epidemiology
distribution: frequency
distribution: prevalence
distribution: incidence
study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
how often the disease/ condition occurs
number of people in a population that has the disease
number of new cases of a condition/disease within a specific…
epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
distribution: frequency
how often the disease/ condition occurs
12 terms
Epidemiology and Public Health Research
Epidemiology
Incidence
Life expectancy
Morbidity
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
The number of new cases of a particular problem or condition…
Average expected length of life for a group of people, of a p…
A measure of disease incidence or prevalence in a given popul…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Incidence
The number of new cases of a particular problem or condition…
19 terms
Epidemiology & Nutrition Research
Keep to all fair tests of treatments
Types of uncontrolled, noncooperative…
Types of controlled comparative interv…
Two types of studies
Comparison
Clinical Impressions... Case report, Case series... Cross-Sectional…
case-control study... cohort study... clinical trial.
Observational... Experimental
Keep to all fair tests of treatments
Comparison
Types of uncontrolled, noncooperative…
Clinical Impressions... Case report, Case series... Cross-Sectional…
19 terms
Nutrition, Epidemiology, and Research
Observational Studies
Observation Studies (types)
Experimental Studies
Cross-sectional studies express ... no…
Exposures and events are observed
Cross-sectional, case-control, cohort
Intervention is applied and effect on outcome is measured
Prevalence, NOT incidence. AKA correlation does not equal cau…
Observational Studies
Exposures and events are observed
Observation Studies (types)
Cross-sectional, case-control, cohort
27 terms
Biomedical Research Epidemiology Vocab
Epidemiogy
Distribution
Descriptive epidemiology
Analytic epidermiology
A quantitative basic science built on a working knowledge of…
Frequency and pattern of health events in a population
The characterization of the distribution of health related st…
Provides the why and how of such events by comparing groups w…
Epidemiogy
A quantitative basic science built on a working knowledge of…
Distribution
Frequency and pattern of health events in a population
39 terms
Epidemiology & Research/Development and Etiology
Epidemiology
Prevalence
Point prevalence
Period prevalence
study of prevalence, incidence and co-occurence of disorders…
a number or percentage of cases of disorder in a population a…
any specific time (right now); how many children are in treat…
rate at the specified time (within a year, months, or weeks)
Epidemiology
study of prevalence, incidence and co-occurence of disorders…
Prevalence
a number or percentage of cases of disorder in a population a…
17 terms
Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
17 terms
Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
17 terms
Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
147 terms
Research and Epidemiology Test 1
Library... Background/Summary
Library... Foreground/Specific
Library... Organizing Research
Evidence Based Practice: Epidemiology…
National Guideline Clearinghouse... - standards of care... - Int'l:…
PubMed... MyNCBI, Psych Info... Nesting: make more advanced search…
Create Search Strategy... Document Strategy... Use RefWorks to help…
Study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
Library... Background/Summary
National Guideline Clearinghouse... - standards of care... - Int'l:…
Library... Foreground/Specific
PubMed... MyNCBI, Psych Info... Nesting: make more advanced search…
31 terms
Epidemiology and Clinical Research
Classification of Epidemiologic studie…
Descriptive epi studies
Analytic epi studies
Experimental studies
Descriptive studies... Analytic studies... Experimental studies
describe occurrence of exposure... describe occurrence of outcome
Describe an association between exposure and outcome
Test whether an intervention can prevent or control disease o…
Classification of Epidemiologic studie…
Descriptive studies... Analytic studies... Experimental studies
Descriptive epi studies
describe occurrence of exposure... describe occurrence of outcome
17 terms
Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
29 terms
Week 1: Epidemiological Research
Epidemiology
Sydney Beach Study
Methodological issues to be considered
Methodologies: Question
-identifies important factors/variables that influence health…
-1980s... -growing concerns of unsafe swimming beaches surroundi…
-question... -variables... -design... -frequency... -effect... -bias... -analysis
define a question of interest and key variables (what is the…
Epidemiology
-identifies important factors/variables that influence health…
Sydney Beach Study
-1980s... -growing concerns of unsafe swimming beaches surroundi…
26 terms
Principles of Epidemiology and Clinical Research Design
Clinical trials (phases)
case control pros
case control disadvantages
Cross sectional study
Phase 1: safe dosing range (short duration in small cohorts)…
inexpensive... easy and quicker... rare diseases... chronic diseases
not causal... recall bias... rare risk factors... no incidence informa…
Multiple variables at same time... Large populations used... e.g. p…
Clinical trials (phases)
Phase 1: safe dosing range (short duration in small cohorts)…
case control pros
inexpensive... easy and quicker... rare diseases... chronic diseases
53 terms
EBM: Intro Research and Epidemiology
What is PICO-TT?
What is the hierarchy of evidence when…
What evidence is better than a randomi…
What evidence is better, a cohort stud…
A way to frame research questions: ... 1) Patient.... 2) Interventi…
1) Systematic review/Meta-analysis. ... 2) Randomized control tr…
Meta-analysis. Because these can only be done when there are…
They are equal.
What is PICO-TT?
A way to frame research questions: ... 1) Patient.... 2) Interventi…
What is the hierarchy of evidence when…
1) Systematic review/Meta-analysis. ... 2) Randomized control tr…
17 terms
Test 2 - Historical and Epidemiology Research
What is the purpose of historical rese…
History often:
We can choose present actions based on…
How has the NHL game changed?
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
repeats itself
past
-They have to wear helmets... -Aggression is controlled... -Goal te…
What is the purpose of historical rese…
-record and understand events of the past... -provide better und…
History often:
repeats itself
48 terms
Research and Epidemiology Test 1 (A)
Epidemiology
Epidemiologic Method
Prevalence
Incidence
The study of distribution and determinants of health-related…
Scientific techniques applied to epidemiology research, which…
Number of current divided by the estimated population... Reflec…
Number of new cases in a given period of time
Epidemiology
The study of distribution and determinants of health-related…
Epidemiologic Method
Scientific techniques applied to epidemiology research, which…
18 terms
Evaluating epidemiologic research studies
Abstract
Abstracts can be:
What is considered to be the "impact f…
Why might a title be a difficult part…
Briefly summarizes the purpose of a study, methods, results,…
Structured or unstructured
The title
It needs to reflect the content of the paper in one sentence
Abstract
Briefly summarizes the purpose of a study, methods, results,…
Abstracts can be:
Structured or unstructured
62 terms
Research and Epidemiology Test 1 (B)
Epidemiology
Applications of Epidemiology
Fundamental Interest of R and E
Factors in developing disease
1. Study of distribution and determinants of dz... 2. Study of…
1. Quantify the extent of disease... 2. Identifying the cause of…
Health and disease in populations
1. Agent: Nutritive, Chemical, Physical Agents, Infectious Ag…
Epidemiology
1. Study of distribution and determinants of dz... 2. Study of…
Applications of Epidemiology
1. Quantify the extent of disease... 2. Identifying the cause of…
26 terms
MNE 13 - Nutrition Epidemiology and Research
Fair tests of treatments
Cases
Control
Uncontrolled/ non-comparative data
Comparisons and evaluations of data.... - James lind: one of the…
patients/populations who have a condition or disease being st…
patients/populations who do NOT have the condition or disease…
This type of data can be useful, but not by itself. It can le…
Fair tests of treatments
Comparisons and evaluations of data.... - James lind: one of the…
Cases
patients/populations who have a condition or disease being st…
6033 - Epidemiological Research (Done)
What is epidemiology?
Define a ratio:
Define a proportion:
Define a rate:
epi = upon... demos = people... Study of the distribution and dete…
One number over another.... ex. 3/1 women to men in class.
Represents the portion of a whole.... ex. 15/50 men in class.
A proportion expressed over time.... ex. 39/50 coffee binges pe…
What is epidemiology?
epi = upon... demos = people... Study of the distribution and dete…
Define a ratio:
One number over another.... ex. 3/1 women to men in class.
42 terms
EBM: Epidemiologic Research
Epidemiology
Etiology
Pathophysiology
Descriptive Epidemiology:
-study of the distribution and determinants of health outcome…
the study of causes of disease
the study of adverse physiological, cellular and molecular me…
study of the distribution of death, disease, injury, and disa…
Epidemiology
-study of the distribution and determinants of health outcome…
Etiology
the study of causes of disease
48 terms
Epidemiological research exam 1
population
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
collection of individuals that share one or more observable p…
study of the distribution and determinants of health related…
study of frequency and pattern of health events
search for causes and other factors of health related states…
population
collection of individuals that share one or more observable p…
epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinants of health related…
42 terms
Types of Evidence (Research Designs, Epidemiology)
Epidemiology
Epidemiology (definition)
History of Epidemiology
PA Epidemiology
---- EPP PAH DEEM EE ALL AH GEE
1) use of scientific method study distribution of disease... 2)…
John Snow (1800s)... -First to try to find causes of illness in…
-Studies how participation in physical activity relate to the…
Epidemiology
---- EPP PAH DEEM EE ALL AH GEE
Epidemiology (definition)
1) use of scientific method study distribution of disease... 2)…
16 terms
Research Methods and Epidemiologic Measures
Validity
Reliability
Sensitivity
Negative sensitive test
extent to which the test actually measures what it says it does
precision; repeated measures get the same results
how well the test identifies the condition
SNout; (TP/all with disease)
Validity
extent to which the test actually measures what it says it does
Reliability
precision; repeated measures get the same results
60 terms
Epidemiological Research Part I
What is epidemiology
What are determining factors?
What are options for risk factors. Giv…
Define exposure
Studies the determining factors (risk factors) for HEALTH and…
Risk factors
Negative: Smoking, poor posture, sedentary life... Positive: Ex…
Presence or absence of a risk factor
What is epidemiology
Studies the determining factors (risk factors) for HEALTH and…
What are determining factors?
Risk factors
25 terms
Epidemiological Research in Action
3 Main ways epidemiology can contribut…
Descriptive
Explanatory
Evaluative
descriptive, explanatory, evaluative
describing trends, consequences and burdens of disease in a p…
understanding the determinants, asking the right question who…
measure intervention impacts (clinical, program, policy), to…
3 Main ways epidemiology can contribut…
descriptive, explanatory, evaluative
Descriptive
describing trends, consequences and burdens of disease in a p…
1 of 10