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Study sets matching "epidemiology"

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Study sets matching "epidemiology"

47 terms
Epidemiology
Incidence
incidence measurement starts with what…
incidence rate ratio
best use for incidence
number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of tim…
healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…
examines risk factors and health disparities... men compared to…
how rapidly a disease is developing, or how common within a c…
Incidence
number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of tim…
incidence measurement starts with what…
healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…
25 terms
Epidemiology
First Epidemiological study
Snow and the Thames River incident
Epidemiology goals
John Snow
1853/1854
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
is to prevent disease before people began dying
founding father of modern epidemiology.
First Epidemiological study
1853/1854
Snow and the Thames River incident
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
120 terms
epidemiology
epidemic
pandemic
Epidemiology
Characteristics of epidemiology
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…
epidemic
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
pandemic
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
52 terms
Epidemiology
Which is harder to prove: causation or…
Three types of prevention
Primary prevention
Secondary prevention
causation
primary... secondary... tertiary
preventing initial development of disease... -immunization... -redu…
early detection of existing disease to reduce severity & comp…
Which is harder to prove: causation or…
causation
Three types of prevention
primary... secondary... tertiary
22 terms
Epidemiology
what are the 3 test statistics?
what are test statistics?
what 3 scenarios would you use a t-tes…
One-tailed. what is it? what are you t…
what are the 3 test statistics?
what are test statistics?
27 terms
Epidemiology
Infectivity
Virulence
Pandemic
Incidence
The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who…
The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. num…
world wide epidemic
The number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time pe…
Infectivity
The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who…
Virulence
The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. num…
52 terms
Epidemiology
Which is harder to prove: causation or…
Three types of prevention
Primary prevention
Secondary prevention
causation
primary... secondary... tertiary
preventing initial development of disease... -immunization... -redu…
early detection of existing disease to reduce severity & comp…
Which is harder to prove: causation or…
causation
Three types of prevention
primary... secondary... tertiary
36 terms
Epidemiology
Use of Epidemiology
Etiology
Agent
Null Hypothesis
Describe the population demographically... Track disease trends…
The biological cause of the disease
Anything capable of causing disease
Stated as if the investigator believes there will be no relat…
Use of Epidemiology
Describe the population demographically... Track disease trends…
Etiology
The biological cause of the disease
22 terms
Epidemiology
ARR
RR
Relative Risk
Sensitivity
CER-EER... DIFFERENCE in incidence between control and experimen…
EER/CER... RATIO of I(E)/I(C)
A/A+C... Who HAS Disease
ARR
CER-EER... DIFFERENCE in incidence between control and experimen…
RR
EER/CER... RATIO of I(E)/I(C)
Epidemiology
Hippocrates
Epidemiology Definition
Branches of Public Health
Public Health Triangle
Airs, waters, and places. The father of modern medicine noted…
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease (de…
Policy: Synthesizes health-related advice into the making of…
Policy, scientific, clinical, and activists all working toget…
Hippocrates
Airs, waters, and places. The father of modern medicine noted…
Epidemiology Definition
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease (de…
22 terms
Epidemiology
Infrastructure of Public Health
NIH
CDC
EIS
1. NIH... 2. CDC
involved primarily for research
1. protect health of nation... 2. public health service... 3. state…
sign off for 2 years to investigate disease outbreaks
Infrastructure of Public Health
1. NIH... 2. CDC
NIH
involved primarily for research
78 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology definition
determinants are
distrubution refers to
morbidity designates
the study of the occurrence of health, disease, injury, accid…
factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change…
frequency of disease occurence may vary from one population g…
illness, prevalence of a disease of of all disease in a popul…
Epidemiology definition
the study of the occurrence of health, disease, injury, accid…
determinants are
factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change…
62 terms
Epidemiology
Sensitivity (SN-N-OUT)
Specificity (SP-P-IN)
Positive predictive value (PPV)
Negative predictive value (NPV)
-a person with a disease will have a positive result on a giv…
-a person without a disease will have a negative result on a…
-a person with a positive test result has the disease (true p…
-a person with a negative test result is disease free. ... -A t…
Sensitivity (SN-N-OUT)
-a person with a disease will have a positive result on a giv…
Specificity (SP-P-IN)
-a person without a disease will have a negative result on a…
18 terms
Epidemiology
Incidence Rate
Prevalence
Attack Rate
Point Prevalence =
Incidence = Onset... - People who walk into the room... - New Cas…
Prevalence ==> ALL... - people who enter, those in the room,…
Incidence rate - Incidence rate where denominator is limited…
At a particular point in time... - Single Instance
Incidence Rate
Incidence = Onset... - People who walk into the room... - New Cas…
Prevalence
Prevalence ==> ALL... - people who enter, those in the room,…
53 terms
epidemiology
observational epidemiology studies
descriptive epidemiology
analytical epideiology
experimental (clinical)
...
Examination of the distribution of disease in a population in…
analyzes a disease to determine is probable cause
...
observational epidemiology studies
...
descriptive epidemiology
Examination of the distribution of disease in a population in…
42 terms
Epidemiology
Epidimiology
Epidimiology in CHC
Foundations of epidimiology
Primary prevention
Study of the distribution & dynamics of disease in populati…
Diagnoses the health of a community... *Identifies high risk g…
Levels of prevention/natural history of disease... Epidemiolog…
Protective & health promotion activities to avoid disease
Epidimiology
Study of the distribution & dynamics of disease in populati…
Epidimiology in CHC
Diagnoses the health of a community... *Identifies high risk g…
27 terms
Epidemiology
Infectivity
Virulence
Pandemic
Incidence
The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who…
The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. num…
world wide epidemic
The number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time pe…
Infectivity
The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who…
Virulence
The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. num…
70 terms
Epidemiology
Normal variation
Describe and measure normal and abnorm…
Regression of the mean
Population health variability factors
Between patients:... Between providers:
Normal:... Abnormal: unusual, associated w/ disease, or treatable
Tests for individuals tend to return towards the mean.... Tests…
Risk factors:... Protective factors:
Normal variation
Between patients:... Between providers:
Describe and measure normal and abnorm…
Normal:... Abnormal: unusual, associated w/ disease, or treatable
120 terms
epidemiology
epidemic
pandemic
Epidemiology
Characteristics of epidemiology
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…
epidemic
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
pandemic
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
16 terms
Epidemiology
Attack Rate
Endemic
Epidemic
Pandemic
number of people that become ill after exposure
disease confined to a specific region or population
an outbreak of disease that attacks many people at about the…
When an epidemic spreads throughout the world.
Attack Rate
number of people that become ill after exposure
Endemic
disease confined to a specific region or population
13 terms
Epidemiology
Incidence rates
Morbidity rates
Mortality rates
Risk
The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a comm…
Rates of illness
Birth and death rates
Probability of an adverse event
Incidence rates
The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a comm…
Morbidity rates
Rates of illness
72 terms
Epidemiology
Pathology
Epidemiology
Infection
Disease
Study of diseases
the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distrib…
Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organi…
Any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
Pathology
Study of diseases
Epidemiology
the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distrib…
15 terms
Epidemiology
prevalence (1)
prevalence (2)
equation for prevalence
equation for prevalence/incidence
definition - # of existing cases at a *specific moment in t…
key fact - ___ can be measured in a cohort study... mnemonic…
equation - total # of existing cases at 1 point in time /…
equation - Prevalence = Incidence*Duration (P=ID)
prevalence (1)
definition - # of existing cases at a *specific moment in t…
prevalence (2)
key fact - ___ can be measured in a cohort study... mnemonic…
11 terms
Epidemiology
Type I error vs. Type II error
alpha and beta
power
probability distributions
Type I error vs. Type II error
alpha and beta
17 terms
Epidemiology
nosocomial
virus
pathogen
yeast infection
hospital acquired infection
smallest of the microorganisms
disease producing microorganism
treated with antifungal medication
nosocomial
hospital acquired infection
virus
smallest of the microorganisms
59 terms
Epidemiology
a collection of symptoms
can be spread host to host (e.g. HIV i…
readily spread host to host (different…
confined to one area of the body
Definition of syndrome.
Definition of communicable
Definition of contagious
Definition of local in terms of epidemiology
a collection of symptoms
Definition of syndrome.
can be spread host to host (e.g. HIV i…
Definition of communicable
106 terms
Epidemiology
what is word part definition of epidem…
what is epidemiology?
what do epidemiologists study and dete…
what are some fields of study in epide…
study of what befalls the people
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
-causes of disease or injury... -who is at risk (risk factors)... -…
-infectious disease... -chronic disease... -maternal and child heal…
what is word part definition of epidem…
study of what befalls the people
what is epidemiology?
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
24 terms
epidemiology
epidemiology
carrier
etiologic agent
reservoir
study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
individual - potential source of infection for others... can be…
pathogen responsible for disease
primary habitat which the agent is normally found and from wh…
epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
carrier
individual - potential source of infection for others... can be…
76 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Look to answer the questions:
Fixed population
Dynamic population
Distribution and determinants of disease frequency in human p…
Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
membership is permanent and defined by an event... ex: atomic bo…
membership is transient and defined by being in or out of a "…
Epidemiology
Distribution and determinants of disease frequency in human p…
Look to answer the questions:
Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
44 terms
Epidemiology
Acculturation
Acculturation Hypothesis
Adjusted Rate
Agent
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structure…
Immigrants' health profile converge with that of native-born…
A rate of morbidity or mortality in a population in which sta…
In the epidemiological triangle, the cause of a disease, ofte…
Acculturation
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structure…
Acculturation Hypothesis
Immigrants' health profile converge with that of native-born…
41 terms
Epidemiology
Pandemic Rate
Incidence
Pathogen
Endemic Rate
Rate at which an infectious disease has spread over a large g…
The number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time pe…
Broad term for any micro-organism that causes an infectious d…
The typical rate in which an infectious disease occurs
Pandemic Rate
Rate at which an infectious disease has spread over a large g…
Incidence
The number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time pe…
83 terms
Epidemiology
Relative Risk
Odds Ratio
Incidence
Prevalence
in case control can't calculate risk directly, use OR instead…
all ppl at risk in same time period (cumulative incidence)... di…
number of affected... persons present in the population at a spe…
Relative Risk
Odds Ratio
in case control can't calculate risk directly, use OR instead…
170 terms
Epidemiology
Simple random sampling
Systematic sampling
Nonprobability sampling (not random)-
convinience
-difficult to obtain in practice... -Do you have a list of peopl…
-takes every nth individual from a series... -every nth person y…
-involve an element of convenience or feasibility- if possibl…
-Just about all practical samples involve an element of conve…
Simple random sampling
-difficult to obtain in practice... -Do you have a list of peopl…
Systematic sampling
-takes every nth individual from a series... -every nth person y…
73 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
disease
disease frequency
definition, counting system, calculati…
"The study of the distribution and determinants of... disease fr…
This is defined as health-related states and events... including…
Epidemiology defines this measure as one that identifies and…
What are the three components necessary to calculate disease…
Epidemiology
"The study of the distribution and determinants of... disease fr…
disease
This is defined as health-related states and events... including…
228 terms
Epidemiology
Broncoville has a population of 100,00…
All proportions are ratios, but not al…
In a recent study of dental erosion in…
In Australia on December 31, 1995, the…
1.10 TB deaths per 1,000 population in 2011
True
0.68 new cases of dental erosion in the non-floridated area
0.00048
Broncoville has a population of 100,00…
1.10 TB deaths per 1,000 population in 2011
All proportions are ratios, but not al…
True
142 terms
Epidemiology
Prognosis
Survival analysis
Time-to-event data
Censored data
How long it takes for something to happen and time how certai…
A set of statistical techniques for examining the effects of…
Unsuitable for analysis with standard methods like linear reg…
Some animals never experience the outcome... Some animals are wi…
Prognosis
How long it takes for something to happen and time how certai…
Survival analysis
A set of statistical techniques for examining the effects of…
52 terms
Epidemiology
Which is harder to prove: causation or…
Three types of prevention
Primary prevention
Secondary prevention
causation
primary... secondary... tertiary
preventing initial development of disease... -immunization... -redu…
early detection of existing disease to reduce severity & comp…
Which is harder to prove: causation or…
causation
Three types of prevention
primary... secondary... tertiary
66 terms
Epidemiology
What is the study design for case cont…
Are case control studies good for stud…
What are you trying to calculate/compa…
What are the advantages of case contro…
Cases are people with the disease... Controls are people w/o the…
Rare diseases
Proportions exposed - trying to compare the rate of exposure…
Inexpensive... Small # of subjects needed... They are relatively qu…
What is the study design for case cont…
Cases are people with the disease... Controls are people w/o the…
Are case control studies good for stud…
Rare diseases
Epidemiology
Broncoville has a population of 100,00…
All proportions are ratios, but not al…
In a recent study of dental erosion in…
In Australia on December 31, 1995, the…
1.10 TB deaths per 1,000 population in 2011
True
0.68 new cases of dental erosion in the non-floridated area
0.00048
Broncoville has a population of 100,00…
1.10 TB deaths per 1,000 population in 2011
All proportions are ratios, but not al…
True
10 terms
Epidemiology
epidemiology
descriptive epidemiology
analytic epidemiology
epidemiological triangle
Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distr…
Examination of the distribution of disease in a population in…
Asks the question "why?"
epidemiology
Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distr…
descriptive epidemiology
Examination of the distribution of disease in a population in…
10 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Prevalence
Epidemiologists
Surveillance
Is the study of health and disease in human populations.
The number of times a condition (disease) occurs in relation…
Investigate disease outbreaks,determine where an outbreak cam…
Keeps track of a number of public health concerns, including…
Epidemiology
Is the study of health and disease in human populations.
Prevalence
The number of times a condition (disease) occurs in relation…
25 terms
Epidemiology
First Epidemiological study
Snow and the Thames River incident
Epidemiology goals
John Snow
1853/1854
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
is to prevent disease before people began dying
founding father of modern epidemiology.
First Epidemiological study
1853/1854
Snow and the Thames River incident
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
14 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology is that field of medical…
Epidemiology is the study of the distr…
Epidemiology is a strategy for the stu…
Epidemiology
Maxcy
Last
Detels
a philosophy, a strategy, a methodology, a way of studying a…
Epidemiology is that field of medical…
Maxcy
Epidemiology is the study of the distr…
Last
78 terms
Epidemiology
Levels of Prevention
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
•primary ... •secondary... •tertiary
Vaccination
Mammogram
Physical therapy & rehab
Levels of Prevention
•primary ... •secondary... •tertiary
Primary
Vaccination
48 terms
Epidemiology
Definition of Epidemiology
Epidemiology Framework/Typology: Descr…
Epidemiology Framework/Typology: Analy…
Measures of Morbidity
>The "basic science" of public health--generates the "knowled…
>Study of the distribution/pattern of disease or events... >Answ…
>How does the disease occur?... >What factors "cause" the diseas…
1. Proportion... 2. Rate... 3. Risk
Definition of Epidemiology
>The "basic science" of public health--generates the "knowled…
Epidemiology Framework/Typology: Descr…
>Study of the distribution/pattern of disease or events... >Answ…
141 terms
Epidemiology
Genetics Departments
Clinicians
Epidemiology
Epidemic
more concerned about determining risk factors and genes that…
more concerned about if viable in determining if a particular…
began as the science which investigates the causes and contro…
the occurrence in a population of a disease or illness clearl…
Genetics Departments
more concerned about determining risk factors and genes that…
Clinicians
more concerned about if viable in determining if a particular…
36 terms
Epidemiology
definition
the basis for the epidemiological proc…
epidemiology
epidemic
-study of the distribution and determinants of health... -who is…
1. identifying health problems and needs... 2. collecting and an…
-the study of the occurrence, distribution, and control of di…
outbreak that happens for current period of time
definition
-study of the distribution and determinants of health... -who is…
the basis for the epidemiological proc…
1. identifying health problems and needs... 2. collecting and an…
28 terms
epidemiology
The objectives of epidemiology
Epidemiological approach
Social Epidemiology
Fundamental Cause
to identify the etiology or cause of disease.... to determine th…
1. Determine whether an association exists between exposure t…
The branch of epidemiology that studies the social distributi…
explain why the association between socioeconomic status (SES…
The objectives of epidemiology
to identify the etiology or cause of disease.... to determine th…
Epidemiological approach
1. Determine whether an association exists between exposure t…
49 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology... Distribution
Epidemiology... Determinants
Epidemiology... -Application
study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
freq of health events by person, time and place (Descriptivve…
Search for causes or risk factors... Design studies to investiga…
Outbreak control... Prevention... *Applied epidemiology
Epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of health-related stat…
Epidemiology... Distribution
freq of health events by person, time and place (Descriptivve…
10 terms
Epidemiology
Amblyomma americanum
Pulex irritans
Dermatophagoides farinae
Trichinella spiralis
Amblyomma americanum
Pulex irritans
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